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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 08-11-24

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Synenteyjh me enan zwgrafo

    [01] Synenteyjh me enan zwgrafo

    O Aristotelhs elege oti ``o skopos ths texnhs den einai na anaparasthsei thn ejwterikh emfanish twn pragmatwn, alla thn eswterikh toys shmasia''. O Kabafhs symplhrwne pws ``oi kallitexnai den jypnoyn pote. Zoyn panta eis to oneiron''.

    Apo thn texnh toy arxetypoy isame thn allh, th ``smilemenh'', th diarkws diamorfoymenh apo tis anhsyxies kai anazhthseis twn kairwn, gyrw apo ton pyrhna plaqontai kai anaplaqontai diaforetikes texnikes ekfrashs kai dhmioyrgias. Ena aenao pedio dhmioyrgias einai h texnh. Arkei na yparxei zwh.

    Ws organikh diaxronikh ajia, h texnh, ana toys aiwnes, synthreitai, kalliergeitai kai anqei mesa apo th zwh ki opoy den yparxei zwh, den yparxei para monon skotos kai zofos. Giati poios qa htan o stoxos ths texnhs, an den yphrxan ``pragmata'' gia na apotypwseis thn ``eswterikh toys shmasia'', pws qa yphrxe ``oneiro'' gia na byqisteis sthn empneysh toy;

    H syzhthsh me ena kallitexnh, einai fygh. Einai tajidi sta myxia toy myaloy kai ths cyxhs. Einai peripeteia aytognwsias. Poso mallon, otan o kallitexnhs aytos einai o epityxhmenos zwgrafos, glypths, moysikos, o paqiasmenos Ellhnas, poy ``misei thn Ellada toy parontos''?

    O Qodwros Manwlidhs, ``paketarei'' ayth thn epoxh. To epiblhtiko diamerisma twn teleytaiwn deka xronwn ths zwhs toy, ston teleytaio orofo mias polykatoikias epi ths lewforoy Alejandras, apogymnwnetai mera me th mera. Etoimazei ta pragmata toy gia na fygei apo thn Ellada, afoy, opws leei, den exei pleon ereisma dhmioyrgias edw.

    O diashmos zwgrafos poy ``systhse'' me ton diko toy monadiko tropo thn arxaia kai byzantinh Ellada sth sygxronh allodaph, ejomologeitai sto APE pws h patrida toy, ``etsi opws katanthse'' toy perixarakwnei to myalo, th fantasia, thn empneysh gia dhmioyrgia.

    Perigrafei thn Ellada toy shmera me ta melanotera xrwmata:

    ``To pneyma mas einai se ypnwsh. Oi hgesies einai saqres, h alhteia exei metaferqei sthn politikh, sth dikaiosynh, zoyme se enan barbaro topo, gemato symplegmata, gemato kakothta. Misoyme ta zwa, misoyme th fysh. O neoellhnas exei lhsmonhsei th dynamh ths cyxhs toy. Exei th skech, th zwh, th zwtikothta toy dhmosioy ypallhloy. O egkefalos toy exei diogkwqei pros mia kateyqynsh. Pws qa bgalei lefta. H texnh plhttetai baqytata. Poy einai to qeatro; Pas sthn Epidayro gia na apolayseis mia arxaia tragwdia kai den antexeis oyte ws to dialeimma. Den exoyn eswteriko kosmo. Paizoyn xwris cyxh, xwris paqos. Poy einai h poihsh; To ena Nompel meta to allo mas hrqan kai shmera; Ola ayta einai oi moyses. Einai o xwros ths cyxhs mas. Poy einai h cyxh mas; Otan h texnh den mporei na soy prokalesei righ, den einai texnh. Leipei to paqos, leipei h apogeiwsh. Mesa sto kefali mas einai ola. Akoma kai h sejoyalikh prajh, apogymnwmenh apo paqos, einai aforhta aniarh. H trela mas thn kanei endiaferoysa''.

    Sto eisagwgiko shmeiwma toy entypwsiakoy leykwmatos gia th doyleia toy Qodwroy Manwlidh, to opoio kykloforhse eyrews se olo ton kosmo, h istorikos texnhs Aqhna Sxina, perigrafei to ergo toy kallitexnh ws ``dialogo metajy parelqontos kai parontos, me symbola kai allhgories, me myqoys kai kaqhmerinothtes, me mnhmes kai ainigmata toy shmera, poy apasxoloyn to sygxrono anqrwpo sto tajidi toy mesa sto xrono''.

    Ta erga toy Manwlidh ajiopoioyn ta diaxronika ``opla'' ths arxaiothtas kai toy Byzantioy gia na anadeijoyn ton problhmatismo toy shmerinoy anqrwpoy.

    -Perigrafete mia zoferh Ellada, alla empneeste apo aythn?

    ``Empneomai apo to arxetypiko ellhniko pneyma, to orama, to paqos. Aytos o topos parhgage ekplhktikoys Ellhnes, poy ezhsan kai ergasthkan gia thn Ellada makria apo aythn. Ki osoi epixeirhsan na kanoyn kati gi aythn apo edw, kladeythkan. Sas qymizw ti egine me ton Tsaroyxh kai ton Iola? Ton prwto, ton bgalane, sta 80 toy, kleptapodoxo. Oso gia ton deytero, efere mazi toy sthn Ellada ta pio xarakthristika erga toy 20oy ai., ta erga ``kleidia'', me th skech oti efoson o ayrianos melethths aytoy toy aiwna hqele na gnwrisei ayta ta erga, qa htan ypoxrewmenos na erqei sthn Aqhna, sthn Ellada, gia na ta melethsei. Kai pws katelhje ayth h perifhmh syllogh; Ena megalo tmhma ths sto Pompintoy, opoy prin apo liga xronia grafane ``apo th syllogh toy Alejandroy Iola'' kai shmera den yparxei oyte ayto, ena allo kommati ths sylloghs se kapoio Moyseio sth Berona kai alla erga, diasparta edw ki ekei''.

    -Telika, h texnh apaitei h proypoqetei energopoihsh cyxhs;

    ``H texnh einai cyxh. Einai zwh. Einai to nohma ths zwhs. Einai h pemptoysia ths. Parte th qrhskeia. Apogymnwste thn apo th zwgrafikh, to akoysma. Ti menei; Mia qewria, enas logos, mia idea''.

    -Antilambanomai oti o kallitexnhs, gia na dhmioyrghsei, qa prepei na exei ereisma ston periballonta xwro. Yparxei omws kai amfidromh isxys se ayto; Dhladh, o kallitexnhs me to proswpiko toy ``oneiro'', mporei na dhmioyrghsei ereisma;

    ``Mporei, alla prepei na bohqa kai h katastash gyrw. O kallitexnhs mporei na leitoyrgei sto oneiro toy, alla ereqizetai apo to periballon toy. Gia paradeigma, den mporeis na epidiwjeis na dhmioyrghseis ereisma se mia xwra poy mastizetai apo myria kaka. Einai geloio, alla se diafores periodoys ana toys aiwnes? As poyme, o Romantismos htan mia qespesia epoxh, kata thn opoia h texnh prohgeito kai ths politikhs kai ths oikonomias. Dhmioyrgoyse diastaseis ki mesa apo kei prohgage pragmata. H epoxh, o periballwn xwros, h perirreoysa atmosfaira einai ereisma gia th dhmioyrgia kallitexnikoy ereismatos. O Mikhs Qeodwrakhs phre apo ton Epitafio, apo to Ajion Esti kai eftiaje aristoyrghmata sthn texnh toy. Den qelei poly gia na pyrodothqei, alla qelei kati. Ayto to kati poy qa anaflejei thn cyxh soy''.

    -Katopin toytwn, h zwgrafikh, h kaqe texnh, akoygetai san kati to aytotrofodotoymeno? san texnh poy apeyqynetai ston idio ton kallitexnh?

    ``Den symfwnw. Leitoyrgei aplws mesw toy kallitexnh. Deite thn texnh mesa sta arxetypa ths. O Feidias, prin jekinhsei to xryselefantino agalma toy Dios sthn Olympia, antilambanomenos oti eprokeito na dhmioyrghsei kati to opoio htan peran twn fysikwn dynatothtwn toy, nhstece gia 40 hmeres. Gia na petyxei etsi, kaqarsh eswterikh kai ejwterikh kai na kataferei na dexqei ta kymata, mesa sta opoia brisketai o xwros toy Qeoy, kai tis energeies, poy diathroyn thn eytajia toy kosmoy? Gi ayto lew, loipon, prepei na energopoihqoyn cyxes, prepei na orqwqoyn kormia''.

    -Epontai nees genies, omws?

    ``Oi neoi, dystyxws, ta agnooyn ayta. Kapote eipa sto daskalo toy gioy moy, "etsi opws didaskete thn istoria, pws qa kallierghqoyn ta paidia; Pws qa anoijoyn dialogo; Ayrio, qa aneboyn sthn Akropolh kai qa einai gi ayta ena matso petres. Ti epikoinwnia qa exoyn; Pws qa maqoyn na yperaspizontai;" Prepei, loipon, na kalliergoyme mesa mas thn energeia, thn entash ths cyxhs''.

    -Wraia, loipon. Ki otan ``foyskwnei'' kaneis apo thn entash mesa toy, anazhtei tropoys na th dioxeteysei. Gia sas h zwgrafikh, h glyptikh, h moysikh einai swthries, dhmioyrgikes ejodoi ths eswterikhs sas entashs. Den exoyn oloi th dynatothta na ektonwqoyn antistoixa.

    ``Otan noiwqeis thn entash, briskeis tropo na th dioxeteyseis. Den ginetai na mh breis. Entajei, den einai h zwgrafikh, den einai h moysikh, kapoy alloy qa to bgaleis. Qa graceis, qa tragoydhseis. Ayto einai to talento. Ayto einai h anagkh. Den einai epaggelma ayto. Bebaia, me ta xronia bioporizesai. Etsi einai. Me kalamia den ftiaxneis Parqenwnes. To xrhma einai ergaleio, alla oxi aytoskopos''.

    Sta erga toy Q. Manwlidh apeikonizetai h aiwnia diamaxh toy kaloy me to kako, h agwniwdhs nomoteleiakh isorropia. Epta xronwn ``diagnwsqhke'' to talento toy kai stis dekaeties poy perasan mesa apo th spoydh toy ston Anwtath Sxolh Kalwn Texnwn, plai sto Moralh, thn atomikh kopiwdh anazhthsh stoys daidaloys toy arxaioellhnikoy fwteinoy pneymatos kai tis ekatontades ekqeseis se aiqoyses texnhs ana ton kosmo, katelhje se ena adiapragmateyto: Ola einai sofia twn fysikwn nomwn.

    -H texnh diepetai apo nomoys;

    ``Diepeto. Kapote. Shmera einai xrhmatisthriako proion. Eynoyxisthke. Den ekfrazei tipote. Kapote htan to pio epikindyno kommati ths zwhs. Prokaloyse epanastaseis. Gi ayto eftiajan oi Zappes to Zappeio. Gia na pernoyn mesa apo thn texnh tis tekmhriwseis ths epoxhs''.

    -Paroysiazete thn Ellada, ws xwra apolytws apostewmenh apo thn oysia ths. Moirasate th zwh sas se Eyrwph kai Amerikh. Apofasisate prin deka xronia na epistrecete sthn Ellada kai twra, etoimazeste na thn afhsete pali. An meinete, qa exete toylaxiston, optika ereqismata. Mnhmeia, fws diayges?

    ``Nai. Alla de moy ftanoyn. Kai sto Monako, opoy qa metakomisw, yparxei poly Ellada. Apoikia twn Fwkaewn einai. Mnhmeia, Ellada poly. Qelw na ejakoloyqhsw na doyleyw gia thn Ellada, alla den mporw edw. Qa to kanw apo ejw, opws polloi alloi Ellhnes. An qeleis na kaneis kati, briskeis ton tropo kai ton topo. Edw, qa to kaneis apo altroyismo. Piasame pato kai xreiazetai enas Lordos Byrwn. Na erqei, na kanei pragmata gia thn Ellada kai na fygei. Etsi, xwris pws, xwris giati, xwris antallagma. An hjera ti qa synanthsw, den qa epestrefa pote. Den qa eftiaxna oyte kalyba edw. Einai epikindynh xwra, alla einai h Mekka''.


    Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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