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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 08-12-25

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Eyxes kai kalanta
  • [02] Sthn Aqhna oi politikoi arxhgoi
  • [03] Ellhnika eqima kai paradoseis
  • [04] Xristoygenna sta Balkania

    [01] Eyxes kai kalanta

    Ta kalanta akoysan oi arxhgoi twn kommatwn ths xwras apo ekproswpoys Syllogwn kai Swmateiwn.

    Pio sygkekrimena, o prwqypoyrgos k.Kwstas Karamanlhs me th syzygo toy Natasa kai ta paidia toys akoysan ta kalanta apo thn paidikh xorwdia toy Dhmoy Aqhnaiwn kai th Filarmonikh, poy th synodeye o proedros twn Moysikwn Synolwn toy Dhmoy k.Giwrgos Katsaros.

    To zeygos Karamanlh akoyse, akomh, kalanta apo thn Orestiada, ta Dwdekanhsa kai aqhnaika kalanta, enw meta moirase sta paidia ths xorwdias kai stoys moysikoys ths Filarmonikhs ''goyria''.

    O proedros toy PASOK, Giwrgos Papandreoy, antallaje eyxes kai dwra, alla kai xorece paradosiakoys xoroys me ta melh toy sygkrothmatos ths Pampontiakhs Omospondias Ellados kai toy Syllogoy Kynidariwtwn Najoy oi opoioi ton episkefqhkan kai ecalan ta Kalanta sta kentrika grafeia toy Kinhmatos, sthn Xarilaoy Trikoyph.

    Thn yposxesh oti mesa sto 2009 qa ginoyn poly perissotera ap' o,ti ta prohgoymena xronia gia ta paidia me goneis apo thn Afrikh, edwse h gg toy KKE Aleka Paparhga, me dhlwsh ths meta ta kalanta poy ths eipan ston Perisso h Enwsh Afrikanwn Gynaikwn mazi me ta paidia toys.

    H kyria Paparhga tonise oti prepei mesa sto 2009 na ginoyn poly perissotera gia tis oikogeneies apo thn Afrikh kai panw ap'ola gia th deyterh genia, poy den exoyn xarti anagnwrishs ws Ellhnes polites, den exoyn anagnwristei ta paidia poy exoyn gennhqei sthn Ellada, poy exoyn paei se ellhniko sxoleio, poy miloyn ellhnika kai einai ellhnopoyla opws kai ola ta alla ellhnopoyla.

    Xarakthristika teleiwse th dhlwsh ths legontas "ayto to aisxos prepei na stamathsei".

    Kalanta epishs sth gg toy KKE eipe kai h Synomospondia Hpeirwtwn Elladas.

    O Proedros toy SYN Alejhs Tsipras akoyse ta xristoygeniatika kalanta apo syllogoys Pontiwn kai Hpeirwtwn kai se dhlwseis toy ejefrase baqytath anhsyxia gia to peristatiko me thn epiqesh kata toy lewforeioy twn MAT.

    "Tetoies energeies, poy qetoyn se kindyno anqrwpines zwes, apo opoy kai an proerxontai, prokaloyn aisqhma apotropiasmoy se oloys mas kai den exoyn kamia sxesh me toys dikaioys, eirhnikoys kai enwtikoys agwnes ths neolaias kai toy ergazomenoy laoy. Antiqeta qetoyn empodia s' aytoys toys agwnes kai apeiloyn tis dhmokratikes katakthseis kai ta dikaiwmata", tonise.

    Anaforika, ej alloy, me thn epiqesh poy dexthke h grammateas toy Swmateioy Kaqaristriwn Kwnstantina Koyneba, o Proedros toy SYN thn xarakthrise "aproklhth dolofonikh epiqesh, poy dhmioyrgei anhsyxia kai qlich, kaqws den mporei kaneis na dianohqei oti exei sxesh me thn entonh syndikalistikh ths drash".

    "Prepei na xyqei apleto fws sthn ypoqesh ki h astynomia kai to ypoyrgeio Dhmosias Tajhs - pros to opoio qa proboyme se diabhma to epomeno diasthma - na dialeykanoyn thn ypoqesh. Einai epikindyno kai proklhtiko to peristatiko, an sxetizetai me th syndikalistikh ths drash ki emeis apo thn pleyra mas qa kanoyme oti mporoyme gia na dialeykanqei h ypoqesh", eipe.

    Ej alloy o k.Tsipras epeshmane oti "oi meres aytes apoteloyn eykairia gia oloys mas na anastoxastoyme poy phgainei h koinwnia kai h xwra, na ekfrasoyme thn allhleggyh kai thn symparastash mas stoys synanqrwpoys mas, poy pernane pio dyskola apo emas kai na analogistoyme oti oi hmeres poy erxontai einai dyskoles".

    "Omws, isws einai kai h eykairia na allajei poreia h xwra. Na syndramoyme se mia politikh poy den qa einai antikoinwnikh kai antilaikh, poy den qa wqei oloena perissoteroys synanqrwpoys mas sto periqwrio", tonise.

    Ta xristoygenniatika kalanta ecale ston Proedro toy LA.O.S. G. Karatzaferh h Panellhnia Omospondia Pontiakwn Swmateiwn.

    Telos, o omilos brakoforwn Krhths ecale ta kalanta ston epitimo proedro ths ND kai prwhn prwqypoyrgo Kwnstantino Mhtsotakh.

    O proedros toy omiloy brakoforwn k.Stelios Kagiadakhs eyxhqhke ston k.Mhtsotakh me dyo mantinades: "me th siwph soy emilhses thn wra ayth ths krishs kai to katalabe o laos xwris dieykriniseis", htan h prwth kai meta toy eipe "panta na stekesai chla proedre twn proedrwn prwqypoyrge prwqypoyrgwn kamari twn efedrwn".

    Tis eyxes toy edwse kai o k.Mhtsotakhs o opoios eipe pws oi Krhtikoi den jexnoyn tis rizes toys kai dhlwse pws einai alhqeia oti pername dyskolh epoxh. Ta logia perisseyoyn, anefere kai shmeiwse pws ayto poy xreiazetai shmera einai sobarothta, ypeyqynothta kai erga giati ta pragmata den einai eykola. "Egw toylaxiston oso kairo yparxw kai lew th gnwmh moy, qa lew ston ellhniko lao thn alhqeia. Qa ton enhmerwnw. Qa toy proteinw ayto poy kata th gnwmh moy einai to swsto. Ypeyqynothta xreiazetai, allhleggyh, koinh einai h patrida. Den mporoyme na thn kacoyme, o kaqenas na qelei to diko toy, oloi na kanoyme ypoxwrhseis ayth thn wra gia na perasoyme mia dyskolh kamph. Eyxomai ola ta pragmata na pane kala", tonise o epitimos proedros ths ND.

    [02] Sthn Aqhna oi politikoi arxhgoi

    Sthn Aqhna qa parameinoyn oi arxhgoi twn kommatwn gia tis hmeres twn Xristoygennwn. O prwqypoyrgos K. Karamanlhs qa perasei tis giortes twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias sth Rafhna.

    Sthn Aqhna qa perasoyn thn periodo twn eortwn o proedros toy PASOK G. Papandreoy, h GG toy KKE Aleka Paparhga, o proedros ths K.O. toy SYRIZA Alekos Alabanos, o proedros toy SYN Alejhs Tsipras kai o proedros toy LAOS Giwrgos Karatzaferhs.

    [03] Ellhnika eqima kai paradoseis

    Diaforetika giortazontai ta Xristoygenna kai h Prwtoxronia se diafores perioxes ths xwras. Ta hqh kai ta eqima toy kaqe topoy " xrwmatizoyn " tis giortines aytes meres kai apoteloyn mia oash xaras gia mikroys kai megaloys.

    To APE paroysiazei ta eqima twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias opws ta periegracan pente antapokrites toy.

    Karditsa: to "taisma ths bryshs" kai to eqimo ths "goyrnoxaras"

    O antapokriths mas, G. Papagewrgopoylos, grafei:

    Mporei xrono me ton xrono ta patroparadota hqh kai eqima na xanontai, alla se polles perioxes, anamesa toys kai o Nomos Karditsas, diathroyntai akomh arketa kai paramenoyn zwntana mesa apo to perasma twn xronwn.

    Akomh kai shmera se olo to Nomo synanta kaneis thn anabiwsh twn patroparadotwn xristoygenniatikwn eqimwn toy dwdekahmeroy.

    Paramones Xristoygennwn 23 kai 24 Dekembrioy oi noikokyres ftiaxnoyn to xristocwmo me enan stayro sthn mesh kaqws kai aygokoyloyres tis opoies en synexeia prosferoyn se hlikiwmenoys kai paidia.

    Se polla xwria akomh toy Nomoy Karditsas to brady ths 23hs Dekembrioy synexizoyn na rixnoyn qymiama sta tzakia en anamonh toy arxhgoy Kalikantzaroy. To idio ginetai kai thn epomenh mera kaqws erxontai kai oi ypoloipoi kalikantzaroi.

    Ta mesanyxta ths paramonhs twn Xristoygennwn - se kapoia xwria ayto ginetai paramonh Prwtoxronias- ginetai to legomeno "taisma" ths bryshs. Oi kopeles, ta xaramata twn Xristoygennwn, phgainoyn sthn pio kontinh brysh "gia na klecoyn to "akranto nero". To lene akranto, dhladh amilhto, giati de bgazoyn lejh s' olh th diadromh. Aleifoyn tis bryses toy xwrioy me boytyro kai meli, me thn eyxh opws trexei to nero na trexei kai h prokoph sto spiti ton kainoyrgio xrono kai opws glyko einai to meli, etsi glykia na einai kai h zwh toys. Gia na exoyn kalh sodeia, otan ftanoyn ekei, thn "taizoyn", me diafores lixoydies, opws boytyro, cwmi, tyri, ospria h kladi elias. Elegan malista pws opoia qa phgaine prwth sth brysh, ayth qa stekotan kai h pio tyxerh oloklhro to xrono. Epeita rixnoyn sth stamna ena batofyllo kai tria xalikia, "kleboyn nero" kai gyrizoyn sta spitia toys pali amilhtes mexri na pioyne oloi apo to akranto nero. Me to idio nero rantizoyn kai tis tesseris gwnies toy spitioy, enw skorpoyn sto spiti kai ta tria xalikia.

    Ta paidia calloyn ta kalanta apo spiti se spiti eite thn paramonh eite anhmera twn Xristoygennwn. Paliotera ta paidia poy elegan ta kalanta apo spiti se spiti htan polla, xrono me ton xrono omws olo kai ligosteyoyn.

    Thn deyterh mera twn Xristoygennwn se polla shmeia toy nomoy giortazoyn thn "goyrnoxara", kaqws thn mera ekeinh sfazoyn ta goyroynia poy exoyn qrecei sxedon ena xrono prin.

    Einai xarakthristiko oti apo to xoirino den paei xameno sxedon tipote. To lipos to liwnoyn kai to xrhsimopoioyn sthn mageirikh, ftiaxnoyn loykanika enw ta palia xronia apo to derma toy goyroynioy eftiaxnan papoytsia ta opoia ta xrhsimopoioysan sta xwrafia, ta legomena "goyrnotsaroyxa". Akomh, oi pitsirikades kataskeyazan aytosxedies mpales.

    To eqimo ths goyrnoxaras synexizei mexri kai shmera ameiwto se polla shmeia toy Nomoy. Diorganwnetai de kaqe xrono sthn Portitsa toy Dhmoy Mhtropolhs kai to Fanari, edra toy Dhmoy Iqwmhs, th deyterh mera twn Xristoygennwn.

    Thn hmera ths Prwtoxronias oi perissoteres noikokyres toy Nomoy ftiaxnoyn thn basilopita h aetopita sthn opoia bazei mesa kai ena kerma. Afoy o afenths toy spitioy, bgalei apo ena kommati gia ton Xristo, thn Panagia kai ton Agio Basileio ta melh ths oikogeneias pairnoyn to diko toys kommati kai anazhtoyn se ayto to kerma.

    Stis 5 Ianoyarioy paramones twn Qeofaniwn synantame akomh kai shmera ta Rogkatsia h Rogkatsaria. Ena eqimo poy oi rizes toy xanontai sthn arxaiothta. Oi symmetexontes, ntymenoi me probies zwwn kai zwsmenoi me koydoynia, trigyrizoyn to xwrio kai lene ta kalanta, diaforetika gia ton kaqena,me diaqesh peiragmatos kai satirismoy. Pisw akoloyqoyn "o gampros me th nyfh" kai sto telos erxetai o "papas" poy diwxnei aytoys toys "kalikantzaroys". To eqimo paramenei zwntano sto Neoxwri, sto Mesenikola, sto Morfoboyni kai sto Kryoneri.

    Samos: Xoirines thganies, phxth kai probenta

    O antapokriths mas, X. Zaboydakhs, grafei:

    Ta eqima twn Xristoygennwn exoyn arxisei na xanontai siga-siga me to perasma twn xronwn me thn morfh poy throyntan apo toys progonoys mas.

    Oi jenes epirroes exoyn tropopoihsei kapoia apo ayta h se kapoies periptwseis ta exoyn katarghsei.

    Wstoso, se peisma twn kairwn sto nhsi ths Samoy kyriws sta xwria kai toylaxiston oi ghraioteroi ta throyn kata gramma.

    Polles einai akomh oi noikokyres poy para ton forto ergasias kyriws oi neoteres, ftiaxnoyn tis paramones twn Xristoygennwn spitikoys koyrampiedes, melomakarona, mpaklaba me soysami kai karydi kai "katades" (san koyrampiedes me gemish karydia).

    Oi giagiades lene oti ta glyka qa glykanoyn to neogennhto Xristo. H galopoyla sthn Samo mageireyetai ta teleytaia xronia san jenoferto eqimo. Oi Samiwtes exontas xoiridia poy ektrefane ta esfazan paramones ths megalhs giorths kai to kreas to xrhsimopoioysan ws tis apokries, fylagmeno sta "katwta".

    To prwi twn Xristoygennwn meta thn ekklhsia synhqizetai na ginontai oi "xoirines thganies" synodeymenes me krasaki gia na anoijei h orejh, kaqws kai "phxth" h opoia exei ginei apo thn paramonh.

    H phxth einai brasmeno xoirino kreas me mpoliko lemoni, to opoio afhnoyn na phjei olh th nyxta.

    To faghto poy serbiretai sta perissotera, akomh kai shmera, spitia ths Samoy einai to selinato xoirino. Thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias ta paidia apo nwris lene ta kalanta kai me ta xrhmata poy mazeyoyn phgainoyn sta magazia, prokeimenoy na agorasoyn ta dwra toys.

    Oi gynaikes kanoyn pyretwdeis proetoimasies gia to trapezi toy rebegion, alla kai ths "probentas" poy prepei na paei stis peqeres, stis koympares gia thn kalh xronia.

    H "probenta" einai ena piato me glyka poy krinei polles fores thn noikokyrosynh ths Samiwtissas, kaqws synodeyetai synhqws kai me thn basilopita poy exoyn ftiajei.

    To rodi einai aparaithto gia kaqe samiwtiko spitiko, kaqws oi oikogeneies to prwi ths Prwtoxronias meta thn ekklhsia qa to spasoyn gia na skorpisoyn oi sporoi toy kai na "gemisei" to spiti eytyxia kai ygeia.

    Opoios kanei to podariko prepei na parei "mpoylistrina" (xrhmata), thn opoia perimenoyn ta paidia epishs apo papoydes, giagiades, qeies poy qa plaisiwsoyn to meshmeri to trapezi.

    Thn paramonh twn Fwtwn, paidia lene ta kalanta, enw anhmera se kaqe polh leitoyrgei mia mono ekklhsia kai meta to peras ths Qeias Leitoyrgias sxhmatizetai pomph gia to limani poy qa ginei o agiasmos twn ydatwn kai o Mhtropoliths (sthn prwteyoysa) h o papas qa rijei ton stayro.

    Opoios ton piasei qewreitai o tyxeros ths xronias, pairnei thn eylogia toy ierea kai mazi toy gyrnoyn to meshmeri apo spiti se spiti gia na metaferoyn thn eylogia toy stoys katoikoys toy nhsioy.

    Anatolikh Makedonia: Mwmogeroi kai spordisma twn fyllwn

    O antapokriths mas, B. Lwlidhs, grafei:

    Ta hqh kai ta eqima enos topoy martyroyn tis baqyteres anhsyxies twn anqrwpwn opws aytes apotypwqhkan sto perasma twn xronwn. Sthn eyryterh perioxh ths anatolikhs Makedonias oi katoikoi - h pleionothta twn opoiwn exoyn tis rizes toys ston Ponto kai th Mikra Asia - gnwrizoyn pws na diathroyn zwntanes tis paradoseis kyriws mesa apo th nea genia.

    Apo oloklhrh thn anatolikh Makedonia idiaitero endiaferon paroysiazei h politistikh paradosh toy nomoy Dramas, me thn ploysia laografia, ta hqh ta eqima, tis giortes kai ta dionysiaka drwmena poy pragmatopoioyntai oles tis epoxes toy xronoy.

    Oi Mwmogeroi, ena eidos laikoy paradosiakoy qeatroy, anabiwnei stoys Sitagroys kai ta Platania, xwria opoy yparxoyn prosfyges apo ton Ponto. H onomasia Mwmogeroi proerxetai apo tis lejeis mimos kai geros, apo tis mimhtikes kinhseis poy kanoyn oi prwtagwnistes me morfh gerontikwn proswpwn. Oi parastaseis pragmatopoioyntai olo to Dwdekahmero (Xristoygenna, Prwtoxronia kai Qeofania).

    Sto nhsi ths Qasoy oi oikogeneies kratoyn ena poly palio eqimo einai to spordisma twn fyllwn kai ginetai ws ejhs: Kaqontai oloi gyrw apo to anammeno tzaki, traboyn thn anqrakia pros ta ejw kai rixnoyn gyrw st' anammena karboyna, fylla elias, bazontas sto noy toys apo mia eyxh, xwris omws na thn poyn stoys alloys. Opoioy to fyllo gyrisei perissotero, ekeinoy qa pragmatopoihqei kai h eyxh toy.

    Sto Dhmotiko Diamerisma Myrtofytoy toy Dhmoy Eleyqerwn sth dytikh akth toy nomoy Kabalas thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias anabiwnei ena eqimo poy exei tis rizes toy sthn Toyrkokratia. Ta agoria poy qa fygoyn stratiwtes mesa sth nea xronia sygkentrwnoyn megales stoibes apo jyla sthn plateia. Thn paramonh toy neoy xronoy qa anacoyn mia entypwsiakh fwtia celnontas ta kalanta. Stis dwdeka akribws, me to xtyphma toy rologioy ths ekklhsias, jekinaei ena paradosiako glenti me tsipoyro kai glyka.

    Sthn polh ths Kabalas, polloi katoikoi diathroyn akoma kapoia apo ta eqima poy eferan mazi toys oi prosfyges apo thn Anatolikh Qrakh, opws to spasimo toy rodioy mprosta sthn eisodo toy spitioy gia kalh tyxh, alla kai h metafora mias petras - synhqws apo to mikrotero melos ths oikogeneias - sto eswteriko toy spitioy gia na einai stereo to spiti kai gerh oloklhrh h oikogeneia th nea xronia.

    Sto Dhm. Diamerisma Podoxwrioy toy Dhmoy Orfanoy sta dytika toy nomoy Kabalas, thn prwth mera kaqe neoy xronoy diathroyn akoma analloiwto to eqimo toy "podarikoy", opoy ta pio mikra paidia episkeptontai ola ta spitia toy oikismoy mpainontas mesa se ayta me to deji podi, lene eyxes stoys noikokyrhdes toy spitioy kai dexontai glyka kai dwra.

    Telos, sta Abdhra ths Janqhs, thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias orismenes oikogeneies de zymwnoyn basilopita alla anoigoyn fyllo kai paraskeyazoyn mia pita me praso, kima kai mpaxariko kymino. Mesa sthn prasopita bazoyn to floyri. H pita chnetai se paradosiako taci to sini kai ta paliotera xronia serbirontan panw se xamhlo jylino trapezi, to sorba.

    Hrakleio: Syglina kai "Kalh Xera"

    O antapokriths mas, G. Mysirlakhs, grafei:

    Polla kai endiaferonta einai ta eqima twn Xristoygennwn sto Hrakleio, alla kai genikotera sthn Krhth ta perissotera twn opoiwn diathroyntai kai stis hmeres mas.

    Paliotera htan eqimo na megalwnei kaqe oikogeneia sto xwrio ena goyroyni, to ``xoiro'', opws to elegan. O xoiros sfazontan thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn ki htan to kyrio Xristoygenniatiko edesma. To xoiro ton esfazan thn hmera twn Agiwn Deka kai eftiaxnan:

    - loykanika

    - apakia:

    - phxth h tsiladia

    - syglina, (dhladh to kreas toy goyroynioy kommeno se mikra kommatia, poy to echnan kai to ebazan se megala doxeia kai to kalyptan me to liwmeno lipos toy zwoy. .

    - omaqies, ta entera toy xoiroy gemismena me ryzi, stafides kai kommatakia sykwti.

    - tsigarides, kommatia mageiremenoy lipoys me mpaxarika poy to etrwgan me zymwto cwmi gia kolatsio, otan mazeyan tis elies.

    Kai shmera omws polloi sta xwria anatrefoyn goyroynia ta opoia ta sfazoyn paramones twn Xristoygennwn

    To Xristocwmo :

    To ftiaxnoyn oi gynaikes me idiaiterh frontida kai ypomonh.

    To zymwma einai mia ierotelestia .

    Xrhsimopoioyn, cilokoskinismeno aleyri, rodonero, meli, soysami, kanela kai garifala.Plaqoyn to zymari kai pairnoyn th mish zymh kai ftiaxnoyn mia koyloyra. Me thn ypoloiph ftiaxnoyn stayro me loyrides ap' th zymh. Sto kentro bazoyn ena aspasto karydi. Sthn ypoloiph epifaneia sxediazoyn sxhmata me to maxairi h me to piroyni, opws loyloydia, fylla, karpoys, poylakia.

    Gia to xristoygenniatiko trapezi, to Xristocwmo einai eyloghmeno cwmi.

    To koboyn anhmera ta Xristoygenna, dinontas polles eyxes. Palaiotera sthn Krhth ta zwa eixan merida kai sto Xristocwmo. Oi Krhtikoi to Xristocwmo, to anakateyan me ta pitoyra kai to edinan sta zwa na to fane, gia na eyloghqoyn ki ayta.

    Glykismata :

    Ta paradosiaka glyka twn giortwn einai ta Xristocwma, ta melomakarona, oi koyrampiedes, ta sarikia, oi loykoymades, oi glykokoyloyres, h Basilopita. Ta melomakarona boytioyntai se meli kai paspalizontai me kopanismeno karydi, shsami kai kanela. Oi koyrampiedes exoyn agno boytyro, raki, amygdala, zaxarh axnh. H zaxarh symbolizei ta xionismena boyna ths epoxhs. Ta sarikia einai apo fyllo zymhs, thganizontai se kayto ladi kai paspalizontai me kanela kai shsami. Ta jerothgana einai peripoy idia me ta sarikia, alla tyligontai sta daktyla.

    To podariko :

    Prokeitai gia ena eqimo poy diathreitai xronia . O prwtos anqrwpos poy qa pathsei me to podi toy (podariko) sto spiti meta thn eisodo toy neoy xronoy, prepei na einai tyxeros gia na ferei tyxh sto spiti kai na pathsei prwta me to deji toy podi gia na pane ola dejia dhl. kala.

    Epishs thn hmera ths Prwtoxronias metaferoyn nero apo th brysh sto spiti kai o noikokyrhs leei : ``Opws trexei toyto to nero etsi na trexoyn kai ta kala sto spiti moy''.

    Akomh o noikokyrhs metaferei mia petra sto spiti legontas: ``Opws einai gerh toyth h petra etsi na einai gero kai to spiti moy''. Se orismena merh toy Hrakleioy, thn prwtoxronia synhqizetai h oikogeneia na phgainei sthn ekklhsia. Mazi toys pairnoyn mia eikona toy spitioy, h opoia afoy leitoyrghqei qa kanei to podariko sto spiti.

    Ta kalanta:

    Prokeitai gia ta Paradosiaka krhtika kalanta Xristoygennwn kai Prwtoxronias.

    Me ayta kai me thn Krhtikh dialekto mnhmoneyoyn ta gegonota twn eortwn, katalhgoyn me eyxes gia ton noikokyrh toy spitioy kai legontai thn paramonh ths kaqe giorths synhqws apo paidia poy gyrizoyn apo spiti se spiti kai ta tragoydoyn kratwntas trigwna, lyres kai laoyta .

    Xarakthristiko einai to parakatw apospasma apo Krhtika Kalanta:

    Taxeia taxeia n'arxixronia ki arxh toy Genarioy

    ayrio jhmerwnetai t' agioy Basileioy

    Prwta poy bghken o Xristos

    - agios kai pneymatikos -

    sth gh na perpathsei

    bghke kai xairethse oloys toys zeygolates.

    Ton prwto poy xairethse hton Agio Basilhs

    - Kalws ta kaneis Basileio, kalon zeygarin exeis

    H ``kalh xera''

    Thn prwtoxronia oi pappoydes kai oi stenoi syggeneis dinoyn sta paidia thn ``kalh xera'', dhladh kapoio xrhmatiko poson. Eqimo poy diathreitai mexri kai shmera .

    H mpoygatsa

    Sto Hrakleio yparxei kai to eqimo ths mpoygatsas, opoy oi katoikoi katanalwnoyn anhmera ths Prwtoxronias megales posothtes mpoygatsas, qelontas na einai glykia h prwth toys geysh. Malista se oloys toys dromoy toy Hrakleioy thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias exoyn sthqei ypaiqrioi pagkoi gia thn dianomh mpoygatsas .

    Xania- Me eylabeia sth sphlia toy Ai Giannh...

    O antapokriths mas, A. Nomikos, grafei:

    Zwntanh mexri kai shmera, poy polla exoyn allajei, paramenei kai sthn Krhth h paradosh, h opoia dinei ena idiaitero xrwma sthn giorth twn Xristoygennwn.

    Oi krhtikoi, anqrwpoi ths "tablas" kai ths paradoshs, diathroyn hqh kai eqima, poy akoma kai neoi anqrwpoi kyriws sthn ypaiqro throyn me eylabeia....

    Ta paradosiaka kalanta thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn fernoyn stoys dromoys porta - porta toy pitsirikades kyriws , poy prin apo xronia mporei na epairnan apo to xeri toy noikokyrh kai ths noikokyras enan koyrampie, ena melomakarono kai abga kai koyloyres, alla shmera enarmonismenoi sto pneyma twn kairwn bgainoyn stoys dromoys gia na ta poyn, me thn prosmonh na ejasfalisoyn to xartziliki toys.

    H eikona den allazei, opws kai sthn ypoloiph Ellada. Omades paidiwn kratwntas to paradosiako trigwno, thn krhtikh lyra kai alla moysika organa xtypoyn tis portes apo nwris to prwi mexri kai arga to brady.

    Sto eswteriko twn spitiwn hmeres prin exei stolistei to dentro twn Xristoygennwn, enw stis portes pollwn spitiwn kremetai to Xristoygenniatiko stefani.

    O stolismos pantws shmera einai diaforetikos se sxesh me alles epoxes, afoy ta perissotera spitia mesa kai ejw kosmoyn ta polyxrwma lampionia

    Sto trapezi toy spitioy aparaithta edw kai polla xronia diathroyntai ta melomakarona kai oi koyrampiedes, poy akoma kai shmera polles noikokyres ejakoloyqoyn na paraskeyazoyn sto spiti.

    Ta aygokalamara epishs synanta kaneis se polla spitia.

    H nhsteia toy 40hmeroy threitai akoma kai shmera eylabika, enw oi ekklhsies kai oi naoi kataklyzontai apo pistoys.

    Sthn sphlia toy Ai Giannh sth Maraqokefala Kisamoy thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn teleitai Arxieratikh qeia leitoyrgia.

    H anaparastash ths fatnhs opoy gennhqhke o Xristos me probata, boskoys fwties, shmantra kai to asteri na lampei sthn koryfh ths sphlias dinoyn idiaitero xrwma.

    Stis koyzines twn spitiwn ta sygklina, to xoirino, ta entosqia sto thgani, to zymwto cwmi, to brasto, to Krhtiko pilafi, "kyriarxoyn" ths galopoylas.

    Paliotera , apo thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn oi gewrgoi, oi boskoi kai oi naytikoi elegan " pws paleygoyn oi kairoi, kai oi aerhdes poios qa gennhqei kai poios qa baptisqei".

    Opoios gennhqei, opoios dhladh yperisxysei kai bgei nikhths thn hmera twn Xristoygennwn , aytos qa yperisxysei mexri kai ta fwta, alla kai oloklhro ton kainoyrio xrono.

    Pio palia to brady ths paramonhs twn Xristoygennwn ekoban kladia kai blastoys oi noikokyres kai kores kai ta phgainan sto spiti.Ta ebazan se pothri me nero kai prosmonoysan na anqisoyn.

    To prozymi, to Xristocwmo eixan jexwristh qesh se kaqe spiti, enw kai to " anaqremma" toy xoiroy poy sfazontan thn paramonh, kyriarxoyse sta perissotera xwria.

    Thn deyterh mera twn Xristoygennwn apo to kreas toy xoiroy paraskeyazan loykanika , apakia, phxth, sygklino, omaqies kai tsigarides.

    To "akoimhto" tzaki me ta megala koytsoyra ( jyla ) ejakoloyqei kai stis hmeres mas na dinei ton tono mias giorths oikogeneiakhs, poy oloi anazhtoyn thn eytyxia ths gennhshs toy neoy xronoy poy erxetai.

    Oi palaioteroi elegan pws mesa apo thn aqrakia - thn staxth- mporoysan na mantecoyn ta melloymena.

    [04] Xristoygenna sta Balkania

    Ena monadiko giortino "pazl" synqetoyn ta hqh kai eqima gia ton eortasmo twn Xristoygennwn sta Balkania, opoy oi paradoseis "kala kratoyn".

    Sthn Kroatia, to xristoygenniatiko dentro stolizetai me froyta, karydia, glyka, gyalina stolidia kai keria. Oi episkeptes qa akoysoyn diaforetikes "ekdoxes" apo ta kalanta, qa dokimasoyn plhqwra paradosiakwn, xristoygenniatikwn, faghtwn kai qa aisqanqoyn "meros" ths paradoshs. O eortasmos twn Xristoygennwn arxizei stis 13 Dekembrioy (eorth ths agias Loykias), opoy oi oikogeneies topoqetoyn sporoys sitarioy se ena piato me nero. Oi sporoi megalwnoyn kai to brady twn Xristoygennwn toys denoyn me thn apokaloymenh "trobojnica" mia kordela me kokkino, mple kai aspro xrwma. H paradosh qelei mia gynaika na gyrna stis geitonies kai na prosferei syka, amygdala, jhroys karpoys kai mhla.

    Ejalloy, se arketes perioxes, oi oikogeneies skorpoyn axyra sta patwmata twn spitiwn toys kai katw apo to xristoygenniatiko trapezi, thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn. Ta melh twn oikogeneiwn kanoyn eyxes gia ygeia, kalh tyxh kai syxna kaqontai panw sta axyra.

    To "paramyqi" twn Xristoygennwn "zwntaneyei" kai ston khpo ths oikogeneias Salaj, sthn perioxh Gkrampobnitsa. H oikogeneia kaqe xrono, stolizei ektos toy xristoygenniatikoy dentroy sto spiti, ton khpo ths me xiliades lampionia kai stolidia me apotelesma na perilhfqei ston katalogo toy organismoy toyrismoy ths perioxhs kai toy Organismoy Toyrismoy ths Kroatias, ws elkystikos proorismos gia toys episkeptes apo alles xwres. Malista, to apotelesma einai toso entypwsiako poy oi fwtografies apo to xristoygenniatiko diakosmo "filojenoyntai" se arketes diadiktyakes pyles.

    Sth Roymania, ta kalanta twn Xristoygennwn "skorpoyn" ston xeimwniatiko aera to mhnyma ths Gennhshs toy Qeanqrwpoy kai glykainoyn tis kardies twn Roymanwn poy giortazoyn ta Xristoygenna thrwntas tis paradoseis.

    Sta sokakia twn polewn kai twn xwriwn neoi kai paidia calloyn ta kalanta, enw oi paterades bazoyn kermata stis tsepes twn panteloniwn twn paidiwn toys gia na einai to Neo Etos afqono kai gennaiodwro mazi toys.

    Epishs, anhmera twn Xristoygennwn, to cwmi topoqeteitai katw apo to trapezi gia na ferei tyxh sthn oikogeneia kai sporoi sitarioy topoqetoyntai katw apo to trapezomantilo gia na einai kalh h sodeia to Neo Etos.

    Stis 20 Dekembrioy oi Roymanoi giortazoyn thn hmera toy Agioy Ignatioy (oysiastika ayth thn hmera jekina o eortasmos twn Xristoygennwn). Ayth thn hmera apagoreyetai h ergasia kai h monadikh doyleia poy kaloyntai, kyriws, oi noikokyres na kanoyn einai na etoimasoyn to menoy toy xristoygenniatikoy deipnoy.

    Sth Serbia, oi polites lene "Srecan Bozic" (Kala Xristoygenna) kai sto giortino trapezi trwne th "cesnica" ena idiaitero eidos cwmioy poy apotelei paradosh gia ta Xristoygenna. Kaqe melos ths oikogeneias pairnei ena kommati, enw ena kommati proorizetai kai gia to spiti. Prokeitai gia ena "eidos" basilopitas, kaqws mesa sto cwmi yparxei ena nomisma kai opoios to brei, qewreitai kalotyxos gia th nea xronia.

    To idaniko, eortastiko periballon sth Serbia, to "synqetei" kai to kacimo toy dentroy (synhqws balanidia) thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn. 'Ena megalo kommati apo to dentro synhqws rixnetai sto tzaki toy spitioy gia kalh tyxh. Ejalloy, ena pako apo axyra skorpizetai sto patwma toy spitioy, enw to giortino trapezi "xarakthrizetai" apo poikilia faghtwn.

    Anhmera twn Xristoygennwn, o eortasmos "metaferetai" stis ekklhsies opoy oi kampanes xtypoyn kai kaloyn toys polites na giortasoyn th Gennhsh toy Qeanqrwpoy. Idiaiterh shmasia exei - kata thn paradosh - o prwtos episkepths toy spitioy, kaqws prepei na qewreitai kalotyxos gia na ferei sthn oikogeneia goyri gia to Neo Etos. Malista, oi perissoteroi gia na einai sigoyroi oti qa exoyn kalh tyxh to Neo Etos, epilegoyn ton prwto episkepth.

    Sth Boylgaria, kaqe xrono stis 24 Dekembrioy, ola ta melh ths oikogeneias sygkentrwnontai apo nwris gia na etoimasoyn to giortino trapezi. H paradosh qelei ayto to cwmi na to exei etoimasei mia anypantrh h prosfata pantremenh kopela. To cwmi einai diakosmhmeno me stoixeia poy symbolizoyn ta oikosita zwa kai ton agro. Mesa se ayto topoqeteitai ena tyxero nomisma.

    H idia kopela paraskeyazei stroggyla tsoyrekia gia toys mikroys poy calloyn ta kalanta. Prin apo to giortino trapezi, h noikokyra toy spitioy qymiatizei ola ta dwmatia, ton khpo kai ton axerwna - opoy aytos yparxei - prokeimenoy na jorkisei ta kaka pneymata.

    Tipota den daneizetai ayth thn hmera prokeimenoy ta ployth ths oikogeneias na parameinoyn se ayth kata th diarkeia toy etoys. 'Ena jexwristo stoixeio einai h teleth "koleduvane": Metamfiesmenoi kai callontas ta kalanta, neara agoria poy symmetexoyn sthn teleth, periferontai apo spiti se spiti gia na eyxhqoyn eyhmeria, kalh tyxh kai ygeia. Sth synexeia erxontai alloi nearoi poy exontas berges kranias, stolismenes me kordeles, kalampoki kai froyta, xtypoyn apala toys anqrwpoys stoys wmoys kai toys eyxontai ygeia, makrozwia kai epityxia.

    Thn enarjh twn eortasmwn twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias shmatodotei h hmera toy Agioy Ignatioy poy eortazetai stis 22 Dekembrioy.

    Me makra paradosh, plhqwra eqimwn "kommati" ths koinhs eyrwpaikhs klhronomias kai sth Slobenia "prwtagwnistoyn" ta kalanta kai to stolisma toy xristoygenniatikoy dentroy. Bebaia, to cwmi poy "kosmei" to xristoygenniatiko trapezi, "koybala" kai ayto to diko toy "baros" kaqws, symfwna me thn paradosh, qa ferei stoys anqrwpoys kai ta oikosita zwa, ygeia, dynamh kai energeia. Oi "kalantarhdes", ejalloy, qa feroyn kai aytoi se kaqe spiti eyxes gia ygeia, tyxh kai eylogia. Sth diarkeia twn eortwn twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias, se kaqe spiti, oi noikokyres qymiatizoyn gia na diwjoyn makria ta kaka pneymata.

    Thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn, oi oikogeneies sygkentrwnontai sto spiti kai ta megalytera melh ths oikogeneias moirazoyn sta paidia glyka kai froyta.


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