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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 08-04-26

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Perimenontas thn Anastash
  • [02] Zwntaneyoyn ta eqima

    [01] Perimenontas thn Anastash

    Opws kaqe xrono etsi kai fetos, oi Olympiakes Aerogrammes qa metaferoyn to Agio Fws apo ton Panagio Tafo ths Ieroysalhm sthn Aqhna. To ektakto dromologio (OA 4301/4302) qa pragmatopoihqei shmera, me aeroskafos typoy Boeing 737-400, me dapanh toy ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn.

    H pthsh twn Olympiakwn Aerogrammwn anaxwrhse apo thn Aqhna gia to Tel-Abib stis 06:00 to prwi kai qa epistrecei sthn Aqhna stis 19:05. Kata thn afijh qa labei xwra teleth ypodoxhs, me paratajh aghmatos kai mpantas, kaqws h Ellada qa ypodexqei to Agio Fws me times Arxhgoy Kratoys.

    To Agio Fws qa metaferei sthn Aqhna o Ejarxos toy Panagioy Tafoy Sebasmiotatos Mhtropoliths k. Qeofanhs, synodeia toy ekproswpoy ths Ekklhsias ths Ellados Qeofilestatoy Episkopoy Neoxwrioy k. Payloy.

    Sthn epishmh apostolh, thn Kybernhsh qa ekproswphsei o Yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn k. Qeodwros Kassimhs, enw qa metexoyn epishs ekproswpoi ths Boylhs twn Ellhnwn kai ths Nomarxiakhs kai Topikhs Aytodioikhshs.

    Oi Olympiakes Aerogrammes qa analaboyn epishs th metafora toy Agioy Fwtos stis Ieres Mhtropoleis ths xwras. H metafora toy Agioy Fwtos qa ginei me 18 taktikes pthseis ths etairias, oi wres twn opoiwn exoyn tropopoihqei wste na fqasei egkairws sto Patriarxeio Alejandreias kai stis ekklhsies olhs ths Elladas. Oi epibates twn sygkekrimenwn pthsewn twn Olympiakwn Aerogrammwn exoyn enhmerwqei gia tis sxetikes tropopoihseis.

    [02] Zwntaneyoyn ta eqima

    Apo th Rodo ws th Xalkidikh kai apo th Syro ws th Leykada, kaqe gwnia ths Elladas giortazei to Pasxa me to diko ths monadiko tropo. Eqima kai paradoseis zwntaneyoyn kai pali sth megalyterh kai ploysioterh, se laografikes ekdhlwseis, giorth ths xristianosynhs, ths anoijhs, ths zwhs.

    MAKEDONIA

    Sth Qaso sthn Koinothta Limenariwn diathreitai to panarxaio eqimo " Gia brej' Aprilh m' poy giortazetai thn Trith hmera toy Pasxa. Xoreyoyn dhmotikoys xoroys sygkrothmata ap' olh thn Ellada.

    Sthn Ierisso ths Xalkidikhs to shmantikotero Pasxalino eqimo einai "TOY MAYROY NIOY T' ALWNI". Giortazetai thn Trith hmera toy Pasxa, sthn omwnymh topoqesia panw stoys lofoys. Meta thn epimnhmosynh dehsh kai thn ekfwnhsh toy panhgyrikoy ths hmeras, oi gerontoteroi arxizoyn ton xoro. Siga-siga pianontai oloi oi katoikoi kai polles fores o xoros exei mhkos tetrakosia metra. Tragoydoyn kai xoreyoyn ola ta Pasxalina tragoydia kai teleiwnoyn me ton "KAGKELEYTO" xoro, poy einai h anaparastash ths sfaghs 400 Ierissiwtwn apo toys Toyrkoys, kata thn epanastash toy 1821. O xoros perna katw apo dafninh acida opoy yparxoyn opoy yparxoyn dyo palikaria me ycwmena spaqia. O xoros sth mesh peripoy toy tragoydioy diplwnetai sta dyo me toys xoreytes na pernoyn o enas apenanti apo ton allo gia ton teleytaio xairetismo.

    Kata thn diarkeia ths giorths moirazontai se oloys, kafes poy brazei se megalo kazani "zwgrafitikos", tsoyrekia kai ayga. O xoros epanalambanetai to apogeyma sthn kentrikh plateia toy xwrioy.

    KENTRIKH ELLADA

    TRIKALA-KARDITSA. Plhqwra eqimwn kai paradosewn anabiwnoyn kata th diarkeia ths Megalhs Ebdomadas stis perissoteres perioxes twn nomwn Trikalwn kai Karditsas. Oi proetoimasies gia tis noikokyres gia ton eortasmo ths Anastashs jekinoyn apo thn Megalh Pempth, opoy symfwna me thn paradosh etoimazoyn ta tsoyrekia kai bafoyn ta ayga. Prin arketa xronia-isws kai shmera se orismenes perioxes- to prwto kokkino aygo, oi noikokyres to topoqetoysan sto eikonisma toy spitioy, gia na fygei to kako kai na dwsei th qesh sto kalo enw shmadeyan kai thn plath toy arnioy me thn mpogia poy xrhsimopoihqhke gia na bafoyn ta ayga.

    Apo nwris toy Megaloy Sabbatoy oi noikokyres etoimazoyn to giortino bradino trapezi poy exei ws kyrio xarakthristiko th mageiritsa. To brady me leykes lampades kai giortina royxa h oikogeneia me toys syggeneis proserxontai sthn ekklhsia gia na anacoyn to "Agio Fws", antallasontas eyxes, enw prin eiselqoyn sto spiti stayrwnoyn thn ejwporta treis fores gia kalh tyxh. Sth synexeia afoy tsoygkrisoyn ta ayga, geymatizoyn me thn paradosiakh mageiritsa. Thn Kyriakh toy Pasxa, mesa se paradosiaka tragoydia kai xoroys chnetai sto soybli o obelias, enw synhqizetai kyriws sta xwria parees na episkeptontai spitia kai oikogeneies kai na antallasoyn eyxes.

    Ektos apo ta eqima ajizei na anaferqoyme se dyo alles perioxes twn nomwn Karditsas kai Trikalwn giati sygkentrwnoyn ta blemmata aytes tis meres arketwn episkeptwn. Sto Morfoboyni, (palia Boynesi) ena xwrio to opoio einai apo ta megalytera ths oreinhs Karditsas kai ths limnhs Plasthra kai edra toy omwnymoy Dhmoy, to Pasxa giortazetai akoma me paradosiako tropo. To brady ths Anastashs, oi neoi kaine ton "afano", dhmioyrgwntas ena fantasmagoriko qeama. Thn Kyriakh to apogeyma sthn plateia toy xwrioy xoreyetai o "diplos xoros" h o "xoros ths agaphs" opws legetai. Th deyterh mera, anabiwnei to qrhskeytiko eqimo "Signa"

    Sto Kastraki ths perioxhs Kalampakas, to opoio exei palaia kai ploysia istoria, diathroyntai mexri shmera polla eqima, anamesa sta opoia jexwrizei h anarrixhsh me skoini sto ekklhsaki toy Ah - Giwrgh toy Manthla, poy brisketai se sphlia braxoy twn Metewrwn panw apo to xwrio, anhmera ths giorths toy Agioy, me to peras ths leitoyrgias. Oi neoi toy xwrioy kremoyn polyxrwma manthlia kai anaboyn lampades sth Monh. Ta manthlia menoyn ews thn epomenh giorth toy Agioy kai qewroyntai eyxes gia ygeia.

    ARAXWBA. Anhmera toy Pasxa kai apo to apogeyma jekinaei h perifora ths Eikonas toy Agioy Gewrgioy thn opoia synodeyoyn peri ta 500 atoma ntymena me paradosiakes foresies. Thn epomenh pragmatopoieitai agwnas dromoy twn gerontwn (anhforikos dromos), oi opoioi jekinoyn apo thn ekklhsia toy Agioy Gewrgioy kai ftanoyn sto lofo. Akoloyqoyn xoreytika sygkrothmata kai to apogeyma xoreyoyn gynaikeioi xoreytikoi syllogoi. Oi ekdhlwseis synexizontai me kleftika agwnismata, opws to shkwma ths petras klp.

    LIBADEIA. To pio xarakthristiko eqimo ths polhs, einai to poly gnwsto kai monadiko "Pasxa ths Libadeias", poy oxi mono diathreitai alla xrono me to xrono zwntaneyei mias kai oi newteroi symmetexoyn me idiaitero meraki kai kefi sto eqimo toy "lakkoy". Meta thn Anastash kai prin kala jhmerwsei oi katoikoi etoimazoyn thn fwtia. Enas, kanontas to stayro toy, bazei fwtia sto swro me th lampada ths Anastasews. Oi floges agkaliazoyn to swro. Me rantismata neroy kai syxno xtyphma me ena makry jylo, h qraka einai etoimh gia na chqoyn ta arnia. To idio ginetai se oloys toys "lakkoys" kai anebainoyn oi kapnoi, anariqmhtoi kai pyknoi, se tetoio baqmo, poy skepazoyn ton hlio poy sto metajy anatellei.

    H polh tyligetai se synnefa kapnoy. Oi fwties einai etoimes kai ta arnia topoqetoyntai stoys "lakkoys". To gyrisma twn arniwn kai to glenti diarkei mexri to apogeyma, to opoio symplhrwnetai me th symmetoxh paradosiakwn xoreytikwn sygkrothmatwn kai me thn kaysh twn pyrotexnhmatwn

    AITWLIKO. Apo to prwi toy M. Sabbatoy sthn kentrikh plateia ths polhs anabiwnoyn polla apo ta eqima twn katoikwn mexri arga to brady ths Anastasews poy einai kai to apokoryfwma ths hmeras.

    Thn Kyriakh toy Pasxa kaqe geitonia, einai mia megalh ypaiqria chstaria, opoy o xoros kai to tragoydi exoyn ton prwto logo, enw prosferontai krasi kai paradosiakoi mezedes dwrean.

    PELOPONNHSOS

    KALAMATA: Edw anabiwnei ena eqimo, poy phgazei apo toys apeleyqerwtikoys agwnes toy 1821, o diagwnismos twn "mpoyloykiwn". Oi diagwnizomenoi, me paradosiakes endymasies kai oplismenoi me saites, dhladh me xartonenioys swlhnes gematoys mparoyti, epididontai se saitopolemo, sto ghpedo toy Messhniakoy, me th symmetoxh plhqoys kosmoy.

    LEWNIDIO: To pio entypwsiako eqimo ths perioxhs einai, otan to brady ths Anastashs poy o oyranos gemizei apo polyxrwma "aerostata" ta opoia anycwnontai apo toys pistoys kaqe enorias, amesws meta to Xristos Anesth. Thn Kyriakh meta thn teleth ths ''Agaphs'' sto khpo toy Dhmarxeioy soyblizoyn arnia ki ena laiko glenti krata ws arga to brady.

    TRIPOLH: Thn Kyriakh toy Pasxa h Tripolh skepazetai apo ton kapno poy dhmioyrgoyn oi fwties apo tis ampeloberges, poy anaboyn amesws meta thn teleth ths Anastashs sthn plateia Arews prokeimenoy na ''ginoyn ta karboyna'' gia na arxisei ta jhmerwmata to soyblisma twn arniwn o Dhmos Tripolhs. To prwi ths Kyriakhs toy Pasxa, arxizei to megalo glenti sthn plateia opoy zwntaneyei to eqimo ths kleftoyrias, prosferontas o Dhmos se ntopioys ki episkeptes ektos apo soyblisto arni, to fhmismeno Tripolitsiwtiko krasi ''mosxofilero'' kai to glenti me paradosiaka sygkrothmata krata ws arga to apogeyma.

    To brady ths Kyriakhs synexizei to glenti sthn plateia ths synoikias Filikwn, enw thn Deytera toy Pasxa pairnei th skytalh h synoikia toy Sexi to meshmeri kai to brady sthn plateia Mpasiakoy amesws meta ton Esperino toy Agioy Rafahl poy giortazei to glenti mexri tis prwtes prwines wres.

    Sth NESTANH ARKADIAS: H Deytera toy Pasxa apotelei megalh giorth gia olh thn perioxh ths Mantineias me to panhgyri toy Ai-Giwrgh. Osoi symmetexoyn einai ntymenoi me thn paradosiakh ''tsipianitikh'' foresia kai kratoyn gklitsa stolismenh sthn koryfh me mahdes, pasxalies, agrioselina kai alla loyloydia. Katebainoyn oloi apo chla to Goyla (lofos ths perioxhs), apo ton Ai-Giwrgh perpatwntas empros apo to monasthri ths Panagias ths Gorgoephkooy, xoreyontas kai tragoydwntas to tragoydi toy Ai-Giwrgh. Ftanontas sthn panw plateia ths Nestanhs, ''to alwni'', sxhmatizoyn megaloys kykloys xoreyontas syrto kai tragoydwntas ena parajeno skopo.

    KYKLADES

    KYQNOS. To pio entypwsiako eqimo toy nhsioy einai ayto ths "Koynias". Thn Kyriakh toy Pasxa, sthn plateia toy nhsioy, sthnetai mia koynia, sthn opoia koynioyntai agoria kai koritsia ntymena me paradosiakes stoles. Aytos h ayth poy qa koynhsei kapoion, desmeyetai enwpion Qeoy kai anqrwpwn gia gamo. To brady toy M. Sabbatoy epikratei to eqimo toy "syxwrioy", dhladh oloi osoi exoyn peqamenoys syggeneis fernoyn sthn ekklhsia chta, krasi kai cwmi, ta opoia exei "diabasei" o papas, ta prosferoyn stoys episkeptes kai stoys katoikoys toy nhsioy.

    SYROS. H Syros biwnei me idiaitero tropo to Pasxa. Oi dyo Qrhskeytikes ths koinothtes, h Orqodojh kai h Kaqolikh, giortazoyn sygxronws, me agaph katanyjh kai amoibaio sebasmo tis Agies Meres toy Pasxa. Oi Epitafioi twn Kaqolikwn sthn Anw Syro jekinoyn apo ton Nao toy Agioy Gewrgioy. Sthn Ermoypolh o epitafios twn Kaqolikwn jekinaei apo ton iero Nao Eyaggelistwn oi epitafioi twn Orqodojwn, apo tis enories Agioy Nikolaoy, ths Koimhsews kai thn Mhtropolh ths Metamorfwsews periferontai kai synantwntai sthn Kentrikh Plateia Miaoylh, opoy ginetai katanyktikh dehsh kai callontai troparia ths M. Paraskeyhs apo thn xorwdia toy Agioy Nikolaoy kai Ierocaltes.

    PAROS. Ta mesanykta toy M. Sabbatoy, to nhsi gemizei apo fwta kai ton qorybo twn ametrhtwn pyrotexnhmatwn.

    DWDEKANHSA

    PATMOS. To M. Sabbato to brady prin apo thn Anastash, to Eyaggelio diabazetai se hrwiko ejametro me kwntio kai thn Kyriakh toy Pasxa stis 3 to apogeyma, sto Monasthri ths Patmoy ginetai h 2h Anastash kata thn opoia to Anastasimo Eyaggelio diabazetai se epta glwsses kai apo ton hgoymeno moirazontai kokkina ayga stoys pistoys.

    RODOS (IALYSOS). To Sabbato toy Lazaroy, ta paidia gyrizoyn apo porta se porta kai tragoydoyn ton "Lazaro", sygkentrwnontas xrhmata kai ayga gia toys iereis. Palaiotera, ayth thn hmera, kanenas gewrgos den phgaine sto xwrafi toy na ergastei, giati opws pisteyan, o,ti epianan qa marainotan. Epitrepotan mono h sygkentrwsh jerwn kladiwn gia to anamma twn foyrnwn th Megalh Ebdomada gia to chsimo twn koyloyriwn. Thn hmera ayth epishs, se ola ta spitia oi noikokyres ftiaxnoyn strifta koyloyrakia, "ta Lazarakia", symbolizontas me ton tropo ayto to swma toy Lazaroy poy htan tyligmeno sto sabano.

    KWS. Enw oi megaloi einai dosmenoi stis pasxalines doyleies kai ston ekklhsiasmo, ta paidia proetoimazontai kai ayta gia thn Anastash toy Kyrioy. Pairnoyn megala kleidia apo ekeina poy eixan oi palies kleidaries, denoyn me ena sxoini to kleidi me mparoyti kai bazoyn to karfi sthn trypa toy kleidioy, to brady ths Anastashs to xtypoyn dynata ston toixo gia na ekpyrsokrothsei kai na xalasei o kosmos. Alloi koboyn makries lwrides xartioy, bazoyn sthn akrh ths kaqe lwridas mparoyti kai ena fytili, thn tyligoyn trigwnika, wste na proejexei to fytili poy to anaboyn kai apo thn wra poy o papas leei to "XRISTOS ANESTH".

    To prwi toy M. Sabbatoy, h ekklhsia strwnetai me myrwmena loyloydia toy boynoy poy legontai lampres (mikra mwb arwmatika loyloydia). Oi noikokyres ftiaxnoyn tis lampropittes kai to gemisto arni.

    XIOS

    O royketopolemos einai ena palio Brontadoysiko eqimo poy exei tis rizes toy stoys xronoys ths toyrkikhs katoxhs. Arxika, oi katoikoi twn enoriwn toy Agioy Markoy kai ths Panagias Ereiqianhs, ekklhsiwn poy briskontai antikrista, eftiaxnan aytosxedia kanonakia. Me to perasma toy xronoy omws ayta ejelixqhkan se aytosxedies royketes, beggalika, ftiagmena apo nitro, qeiafi kai mparoyti. H proetoimasia twn royketwn arxizei amesws meta to Pasxa gia na einai etoimes thn epomenh xronia. Oi posothtes ta teleytaia xronia ftanoyn stis merikes xiliades kai to qeama poy dhmioyrgeitai apo tis royketes poy ektojeyontai ston oyrano toy Brontadoy to brady ths Anastashs einai fantasmagoriko. Polys einai o kosmos poy epilegei na perasei to Pasxa sthn Xio gia na dei ayto to monadiko qeama. Ta teleytaia xronia exoyn lhfqei metra gia thn prostasia twn pareyriskomenwn, etsi wste na diaswqei to eqimo.

    EPTANHSA

    KERKYRA. Stis 11 to prwi toy M. Sabbatoy o kosmos perimenei thn prwth Anastash. Otan teleiwnei h akoloyqia sth Mhtropolh, xtypoyn oi kampanes twn ekklhsiwn kai apo ta paraqyra twn spitiwn peftoyn kata xiliades, phlina doxeia (mpotides) stoys dromoys, me megalo kroto. Ayto to eqimo exei tis rizes toy sto xwrion toy Eyaggelioy 'Sy de Kyrie Anasthson me ina syntricw aytoys ws skeyh keramews".

    Ena allo epishs Korfiatiko Pasxalino eqimo poy anabiwnei einai to "MASTELO" (bareli). Sthn "Pinia" kai katw apo thn Metallikh Koykoynara poy kremetai asaleyth akoma sthn diastayrwsh Nikhforoy Qeotokh kai Filarmonikhs, mazeyontai oi Fakinoi, oi axqoforoi ths polhs, oi Piniadwroi, oi opoioi topoqetoysan sth mesh toy pezodromioy ena jylino bareli. To stolizan me myrties kai bernte, toy ebazan nero kai aytoi skorpismenoi sto gyro xwro, parakaloysan toys perastikoys, poy ayth thn wra htan para polloi, na rijoyn nomismata gia eyxes sto nero. Otan plhsiaze h wra ths prwths Anastashs, oi Phniadwroi skorpismenoi sthn perioxh ths Piatsas kynhgoysan na broyn kapoion na ton rijoyn sto bareli. Aytos moyskidi ebrexe ton kosmo gyrw toy, enw pernoysan oi mpantes mas, paizontas to alegkro mars "Mh fobaste Graikoi". Sto telos ebgaine o bregmenos me gelia kai xares kai epairne ta xrhmata poy eixe to bareli.

    To brady toy M. Sabbatoy ginetai h Anastash sthn Anw Plateia - fantasmagoriko, monadiko qeama. Ola ta paraqyra twn gyrw spitiwn anoixta me kerakia anammena. Ta paraqyra twn megalwn ejaorofwn spitiwn, mazi me to kataplhktiko qema twn xiliadwn keriwn kai twn pistwn poy parakoloyqoyn thn teleth ths Anastashs sth megalyterh plateia ths Elladas, synqetoyn mia megaleiwdh eikona. H Anastasimos Akoloyqia synexizetai ston Iero Nao ths Agias Paraskeyhs (Platy Kantoyni). Thn Kyriakh toy Pasxa, apo tis 7 to prwi kaqe ekklhsia, opws symbainei kai me toys Epitafioys, bgazei thn Anastash me filarmonikes, sxoleia, proskopoys kai xorwdies.

    ZAKYNQOS. Ston Mhtropolitiko Nao toy Agioy Nikolaoy twn Jenwn, h perifora toy Epitafioy, symfwna me pampalaio topiko eqimo, ginetai tis prwtes prwines wres toy M. Sabbatoy, enw me thn anatolh toy hlioy, o Despoths shkwnei thn Anastash. Me to prwto xtyphma ths kampanas, o Despoths afhnei eleyqera aspra peristeria enw apo to kampanario petane sto dromo phlina doxeia, opws kai oloi oi katoikoi toy nhsioy apo ta paraqyra toys.

    LEYKADA. To M. Sabbato to prwi, h Filarmonikh paizei stoys dromoys ths polhs xaroymenoys skopoys, enw oi noikokyres petoyn kai spazoyn ejw apo ta spitia toys diafora phlina aggeia (to kommati).

    KRHTH

    Prin thn anastash, stis Gkagkales Hrakleioy, ola ta paidia toy xwrioy mazeyoyn jyla kai otidhpote allo mporei na kaei kai ta afhnoyn sto proaylio ths ekklhsias. Thn paramonh ths Anastashs sxhmatizoyn ena boyno apo ta jyla kai sthn koryfh exoyn ena skiaxtro me ena palio koystoymi poy ypotiqetai oti einai o Ioydas kai thn wra poy o papas leei to XRISTOS ANESTH bazoyn fwtia kai ton kaine. H nyxta ginetai mera apo ta pyrotexnhmata, h kampana toy xwrioy xtypa synexws kai malista oi palioteroi lene oti otan aytoi htan mikroi den afhnan 3 meronyxta thn kampana na stamathsei giati to qewroysan gia kalo. Jypnoysan akoma kai th nyxta na pane na thn xtyphsoyn.


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