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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-05-25

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Ta Anqrwpina Dikaiwmata sthn Eyrwph
  • [02] Apoxwrhsh Bgenopoyloy apo ton PAO
  • [03] Metaseismikh drasthriothta
  • [04] "Enisxysh toy KKE"
  • [05] "Oxi sthn apoxh"
  • [06] Ti prokalese toys pagetwnes;

    [01] Ta Anqrwpina Dikaiwmata sthn Eyrwph

    Thn 50h epeteio apo thn idrysh toy Eyrwpaikoy Dikasthrioy Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn kai to ergo twn 10.000 apofasewn poy exei ekdwsei, timhsan shmera, se ekdhlwsh poy organwse to ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn, metajy allwn h ypoyrgos Ntora Mpakogiannh, o prwhn prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Shmiths, o antiproedros toy Eyrwpaikoy Dikasthrioy Xr.Rozakhs, o kaqhghths Nikos Alibizatos kai o prwhn Proedros toy Areioy Pagoy St.Matqias, enw taytoxronws anaggelqhke h ekdosh enos egxeiridioy gia thn Eyrwpaikh Symbash Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn apo ton G.Ktistakh kai armodioys foreis toy ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn.

    Anaferomenh sthn istoria kai ton rolo toy Eyrwpaikoy Dikasthrioy, h ka Mpakogiannh shmeiwse oti o sygkekrimenos qesmos paroysiase mia shmantikh kainotomia: "omogenopoihse toys eqnikoys kanones eksygxronizontas toys kai enqarrynontas ta krath poy ysteroysan, na prosarmostoyn sto neo, anwtero pedio prostasias twn dikaiwmatwn".

    Xarh s'ayto ton rolo ejalloy, h ka Mpakogiannh apedwse kai th "megalh aphxhsh" poy exei to dikasthrio stoys eyrwpaioys polites - gia toys opoioys einai enas "qesmos- anaforas, enas foreas ths syllogikhs syneidhshs gia ta dikaiwmata toy anqrwpoy". To Eyrwpaiko Dikasthrio Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn "apotelei th sanida gia osoys menoyn aprostateytoi apo kena, elleiceis h laqh eqnikwn nomoqesiwn" eipe h k.Mpakogiannh kai proseqese pws oi apofaseis toy epoylwnoyn ta traymata, enw taytoxrona "anebazoyn ton phxy gia ton eqniko nomoqeth".

    H ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ypogrammise epishs, pws h apodosh sto Eyrwpaiko Dikasthrio toy roloy oxi aplws toy "yphreth" alla toy "qematofylaka" ths Eyrwpaikhs Symbashs twn dikaiwmatwn toy anqrwpoy, "den htan aytonohth. Sta prwth metapolemika xronia epikratoyse h logikh twn mikrwn bhmatwn - kai omws epi toy qematos, oi "pateres" ths Symbashs kai toy Dikasthrioy epelejan na kanoyn ena pragmatiko poiotiko alma. Kai dikaiwqhkan".

    [02] Apoxwrhsh Bgenopoyloy apo ton PAO

    To ``xroniko mias proanaggelqeisas apoxwrhshs'' h ``bomba megatonwn''; Apo opoia pleyra kai na ejetasoyme thn eidhsh peri apoxwrhshs toy Andrea Bgenopoyloy apo ta koina toy Panaqhnaikoy, to gegonos apotelei shmantikh eidhsh. O anqrwpos poy prin apo merikoys mhnes oramatisqhke kai katafere na kanei prajh ton polymetoxiko Panaqhnaiko, enwnontas oles tis synistwses sto ``prasino stratopedo'', anakoinwse oti apoxwrei oristika apo ton xwro, tonizontas oti o kyklos toy ekleise kai pws o agwnas toy oloklhrwqhke.

    H sxetikh anakoinwsh toy k Bgenopoyloy, exei ws ejhs:

    ``Sto sxetika syntomo xroniko diasthma poy asxolhqhka me ta dioikhtika toy Panaqhnaikoy eginan, me syllogikes prospaqeies kai me thn bohqeia kai twn filaqlwn, shmantikes allages kai bhmata proodoy. Apo thn perasmenh ebdomada ekleise enas megalos kyklos kai h PAE Panaqhnaikos exei jeperasei pia tis perissoteres apo tis agkylwseis toy parelqontos , exei ikano kai isxyro Proedro me tis aparaithtes ejoysies, ejairetiko dioikhtiko kai texniko epiteleio kai megalh oikonomikh eyrwstia. Qewrw oti o agwnas moy gia na symballw kai egw stis shmerines ejelijeis dikaiwqhke alla kai oloklhrwqhke.

    Shmera anakoinwnw oti apoxwrw oristika apo enan xwro "paragontwn" poy den einai symbatos oyte me ton xarakthra oyte me tis arxes moy kai ston opoio symmeteixa proswrina me monadiko kinhtro thn megalh moy agaph ston Panaqhnaiko kai me stoxo na mpoyme epiteloys se mia nea poreia antajia ths istorias mas.

    Eyxaristw toys filaqloys toy Panaqhnaikoy gia thn empistosynh toys thn opoia prospaqhsa na timhsw me megalo proswpiko kostos.

    San aplos filaqlos kai egw pleon, qa eimai panta konta ston Panaqhnaiko kai qa phgainw sta ghpeda, opote mporw, gia na xairomai h na lypamai mazi me thn ypoloiph prasinh oikogeneia.

    Oi metoxes ths PAE Panaqhnaikos poy katexw (to 11%) qa meinoyn sthn oikogeneia moy gia panta kai ta dikaiwmata toys qa askoyntai dia plhrejoysioy kai apo anqrwpoys poy qa empisteyomai oti qeloyn kai mporoyn na symballoyn sthn proodo toy Panaqhnaikoy. Ta dikaiwmata chfoy ta ekxwrw kat'arxhn ston k. N. Patera gia oso xrono epiqymei na einai Proedros toy Panaqhnaikoy, kai ton eyxaristw gia tis megales proswpikes qysies poy kanei sthn epidiwjh twn koinwn mas oramatwn''.

    [03] Metaseismikh drasthriothta

    Seismikes donhseis, megeqoys ews kai 5,1 baqmwn ths klimakas Rixter, shmeiwqhkan me epikentro sta synora Elladas - PGDM xqes.

    Opws anakoinwqhke apo to Ergasthrio Gewfysikhs toy APQ o seismos shmeiwqhke stis 19.17', enw stis 15.30' eixe prohghqei asqenesterh seismikh donhsh, megeqoys 4,1 Rixter. H seismikh drasthriothta katagrafetai apo xqes to prwi.

    Opws anefere sto APE - MPE o seismologos sto APQ Manwlhs Skordhlhs ta epikentra twn dyo donhsewn entopisthkan se apostash 70 xiliometrwn apo thn polh ths Qessalonikhs kai 125 xlm. notioanatolika ths polhs twn Skopiwn, konta sthn polh Balantobo.

    Kai oi dyo seismoi eginan aisqhtoi sth Qessalonikh, stoys nomoys Kilkis, Serrwn, Pellas kai se alles perioxes ths Kentrikhs Makedonias, xwris omws na anaferqoyn zhmies.

    Oi metaseismoi mikroy megeqoys synexisthkan sth diarkeia ths nyxtas sto notioanatoliko tmhma ths PGDM.

    [04] "Enisxysh toy KKE"

    "H kalyterh amyna einai h epiqesh", tonise h gg toy KKE Aleka Paparhga sth synenteyjh Typoy poy praxwrhse to meshmeri me qema ``To KKE gia thn EE kai tis eyrwekloges''.

    H ka Paparhga ekane logo gia "EOKodiaita papagaliakia kai syndaitymones tis ploytokratias, anefere oti apeyqynetai se osoys exoyn jeperasei to "egw einai bolemenos" kai aphyqyne kalesma gia mazikh symmetoxh kai endynamwsh toy KKE.

    Synenteyjh Typoy me qema paraxwrei ayth thn wra h GG toy KKE, Aleka Paparhga, sto eklogiko kentro toy kommatos sthn odo Panepisthmioy kai Qemistokleoys.

    "Kainoyrgia arxh"

    Se panstratia enocei twn eyrweklogwn kalese sthn omilia ths h GG ths KE toy KKE A. Paparhga "oxi mono ta melh kai toys filoys toy Kommatos, alla kai ekeinoys oi opoioi ektimoyn oti h isxyropoihsh toy KKE qa einai to qetiko, to rizospastiko, qa dwsei dynamikh sthn antistash kai sthn antepiqesh".

    H k. Paparhga prosqese oti "kaloyme panstratia gia na sigoyreytei o tritos boyleyths. Kai epomenws gia na sigoyreytei o tritos boyleyths, prepei na yparjei mia oysiastikh kai qeamatikh anodos toy KKE gia thn opoia yparxoyn proypoqeseis. Mporoyn na chfisoyn gia prwth fora to KKE polloi perissoteroi, gnwrizontas oti ola ta prohgoymena xronia antistaqhke, palece ki an den htan etsi to KKE, ta pragmata qa htan poly xeirotera gia toys ergazomenoys".

    H Grammateas toy KKE shmeiwse oti to komma ths" ekqetei to synolo twn qesewn toy, den kanei kanena kamoyflaz, pote pros ta dejia kai pote pros ta aristera. Den einai komma foyska, den einai ena komma anaxwma. Einai ena komma xeirafethmeno, anejarthto apo thn kyriarxh politikh".

    To KKE, katelhje h k. Paparhga "exei staqerothta, anodikh poreia kai epomenws ayth prepei na synexistei. Den einai komma diattwn asteras. Den mporoyn na mas baloyn sto xeri. Eimaste dokimasmenoi. To mono poy epeigei shmera einai stis 8 toy Ioynh kai stis Bryjelles kai sthn Ellada na yparxei ena qeamatika alliwtiko mhnyma yper toy KKE. Qa ginei mia kainoyrgia arxh".

    [05] "Oxi sthn apoxh"

    H apoxh stis eyrwekloges "antikeimenika qa ejyphrethsei toys sxediasmoys ths kybernhshs", dhlwnei, me synenteyjh toy sto APE-MPE o boyleyths Korinqias toy PASOK kai melos toy Politikoy Symboylioy toy Kinhmatos, ypeyqynos gia ton Politiko Sxediasmo Panos Mpegliths.

    Kai ejhgei oti h kybernhsh exei diplo stoxo: na syspeirwsei, afenos thn kommatikh ths bash kai, afeteroy, na koyrasei to eyry eklogiko swma, sprwxnontas to sthn adiaforia kai thn apoxh.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh sxetika me th xrhsh toy dilhmmatos "sosialismos h barbarothta" o k. Mpegliths tonizei oti ayto "syndeetai me politikes kai oxi me polites". Kai prosqetei oti "oi polites einai ta qymata aytwn twn politikwn". Epipleon, tonizei oti h kybernhsh xrhsimopoiei toys "barbaroys" ws "mia kapoia lysh" gia na periswsei thn katarreoysa pleiochfia ths.

    O k. Mpegliths qewrei oti o apologismos ths symmetoxhs ths Elladas sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh einai apolyta qetikos kai poly megalh h symbolh toy PASOK sthn eyrwpaikh poreia ths xwras.

    Qewrei epishs oti qa einai poly shmantiko na prokycei mia sosialistikh pleiochfia sto neo Eyrwpaiko Koinoboylio, h opoia qa leitoyrghsei ws anaxwma stis synthrhtikes politikes ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs kai tis antistoixe politikes twn kybernhsewn twn kratwn-melwn.

    H synenteyjh toy Panoy Mpeglith ston Basilh Moyrth:

    ER:Pws apantate sthn "kathgoria" oti eseis, ena anti-eyrwpaiko komma, sta prwta sas xronia, den mporeite na emfanizeste shmera ws to kat' ejoxhn eyrwpaiko komma;

    AP: H ND adynatwntas na ekfrasei kai na yperaspisqei mia sygxronh kai dynamikh gia ta symferonta ths xwras eyrwpaikh politikh, anagkazetai na prostrexei sto parelqon gia na sthrijei th xamenh politikh ths nomimopoihsh. Epistrefei sta istorika gegonota mias allhs epoxhs gia na tonwsei ena adynamo eyrwpaiko paron. Ta monopwlei, alla kai ta diastrefei. To PASOK den yphrje pote ena antieyrwpaiko komma. Yperaspisqhke apo thn idrysh toy thn Eyrwph twn lawn, ths eirhnhs, ths dhmokratias kai ths isorrophs anaptyjhs. Enantiwqhke omws stoys sygkekrimenoys oroys entajhs, poy fanhke syntoma oti den htan epwfeleis gia thn ellhnikh oikonomia. Kai petyxe me to mnhmonio toy 1982 nees metabatikes periodoys kai epanajiologhsh shmantikwn ryqmisewn ths entajhs. Oi kybernhseis toy A. Papandreoy kai toy K. Shmith apedeijan oti h xwra kerdizei otan diapragmateyetai sklhra sthn EE. Otan metexei energa sth syndiamorfwsh twn apofasewn. Otan analambanei dynamikes prwtoboylies.

    Ta Mesogeiaka Oloklhrwmena Programmata, ta Koinotika Plaisia sthrijhs, h entajh sthn ONE, h symbolh sthn entajh ths Kypriakhs Dhmokratias, h epityxhs askhsh 4 eyrwpaikwn Proedriwn, einai koryfaioi staqmoi sthn eyrwpaikh poreia ths xwras epi twn kybernhsewn PASOK. O fileyrwpaismos enos kommatos den einai rhtoriko sxhma, oyte agonh pleiodosia. Exei periexomeno kai kyriws exei stoxoys kai strathgikh. As sygkrinei loipon kapoios ta apotelesmata poy petyxe to PASOK, me thn pentaeth kybernhtikh qhteia ths ND. Ena shmantiko eyrwpaiko kefalaio isxyos kai ajiopistias katanalwqhke gia thn ejyphrethsh eswterikwn skopimothtwn. Ayth einai h pragmatikothta.

    ER: Qewreite oti o apologismos ths symmetoxhs ths Elladas sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, thn EOK palaiotera, einai qetikos h arnhtikos;

    AP: Sta 28 xronia entajhs stoys eyrwpaikoys qesmoys o apologismos, pragmati, einai qetikos gia th xwra kai to lao mas. Kamia isopedwtikh logikh den mporei na amfisbhthsei to strathgiko pleonekthma poy apekthse h Ellada me th symmetoxh ths sth syndiamorfwsh, ws isotimo melos, twn politikwn kai drasewn ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs. Orismenoi ejantloyn th qetikh apotimhsh sth dynatothta antlhshs koinotikwn porwn gia th xrhmatodothsh programmatwn, ergwn ypodomhs kai yposthrijhs toy eisodhmatos twn agrotwn. Prokeitai gia monoshmanth kai eqnokentrikh proseggish. Se mia periodo megalwn allagwn kai proklhsewn sto pagkosmio systhma, h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, apotelei gia thn Ellada, pronomiako strathgiko xwro yperaspishs twn eqnikwn symferontwn kai syndiamorfwshs koinwn politikwn, ws apanthsh se synqeta problhmata, poy yperbainoyn tis dynatothtes parembashs kaqe kratoys xwrista. To qesmiko omws pleonekthma ths symmetoxhs sthn EE den einai arketo apo mono toy gia na dhmioyrghsei qetika apotelesmata. H empeiria ths istorikhs diadromhs apedeije oti h Ellada kerdise otan dieqete sxedio, diapragmateytiko kyros kai dynamikes symmaxies. Proypoqeseis poy dystyxws, shmera, den yparxoyn. H statikh kai paqhtikh antilhch ths kybernhshs ths ND, ejasqenizei tis dynatothtes ths xwras.

    ER: Poio einai gia to PASOK to diakybeyma aytwn twn eklogwn;

    AP: Gia to PASOK oi eyrwekloges apoteloyn shmantikh politikh eykairia gia th dhmioyrgia twn proypoqesewn allaghs twn synthrhtikwn sysxetismwn sthn Ellada kai stoys eyrwpaikoys qesmoys. Gia na anoijei o dromos gia th diamorfwsh proodeytikwn pleiochfiwn, anagkaia proypoqesh gia mia nea poreia ths xwras mas kai ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs. H krish kai ta adiejoda poy parhgage h kyriarxia twn neofileleyqerwn politikwn, ta teleytaia xronia, qa antimetwpisqoyn mesa apo thn anadeijh ths enallaktikhs strathgikhs poy yperaspizetai h sygxronh eyrwpaikh sosialdhmokratia.

    ER: Sas arkei mia aplh nikh, estw kai me mia chfo, h pisteyete oti oi polites prepei na sas dwsoyn kati parapanw; Ki an sas dwsoyn to parapanw protiqeste na to xrhsimopoihsete sthn eswterikh antiparaqesh kai pws;

    AP: TO PASOK epidiwkei th nikh stis eyrwekloges, poy qa qesei telos se mia makra periodo eklogikhs yperoxhs kai kyriarxias sthn politikh zwh ths ND. To epikoinwniako texnasma ths diaxeirisimothtas ths diaforas toy eklogikoy apotelesmatos, poy exei efeyrei kai prowqei h ND, den qa meiwsei th shmasia kai tis synepeies ths httas ths. H epomenh hmera twn eyrweklogwn qa einai mia diaforetikh hmera gia thn politikh zwh kai qa apotelesei thn afethria gia thn allagh politikhs selidas sth xwras mas.

    ER: Exete xarakthrisei dhmochfisma tis eyrwekloges. O xarakthras toys qa kriqei mono apo to apotelesma kai th diafora h kai apo th symmetoxh;

    AP: O prosdiorismos twn eyrweklogwn ws dhmochfisma stoxeyei sthn anadeijh twn krisimwn politikwn dilhmmatwn, ta opoia paragei, to montello diakybernhshs ths ND. O ellhnikos laos biwnei mia sklhrh oikonomikh kai koinwnikh pragmatikothta, ws synepeia twn politikwn ths synthrhtikhs paratajhs. Den eimaste emeis poy kataskeyazoyme dilhmmata. Emeis kaloyme toys polites na apanthsoyn se ayta, stelnontas me thn chfo toys kaqaro politiko mhnyma sthn kybernhsh. Kata synepeia to dhmochfisma ws aithma politikopoihshs twn eyrweklogwn yperbainei ta ariqmhtika stoixeia ths anametrhshs.

    Den shmainei, wstoso, oti qa prepei na adiaforhsoyme gia to pososto symmetoxhs. H eyryterh dynath symmetoxh sthn eklogikh diadikasia qa dynamwsei to politiko ths mhnyma.

    ER: Me ena ychlo pososto apoxhs, estw ki an kerdisete me diafora, qa mporeite na milhsete gia dhmochfisma katadikhs ths kybernhshs;

    AP: Stoxos ths hgesias ths ND einai na periorisei ton politiko xarakthra twn eyrweklogwn. Na meiwsei th shmasia toys gia thn epomenh hmera. Na peisei toys polites oti den diakybeyetai tipota se aytes. Na enisxysei th xalarothta. H apoxh, antikeimenika, qa ejyphrethsei toys sxediasmoys ths kybernhshs. H akraia politikh kai proswpikh polwsh enanti toy Proedroy toy PASOK poy epilegei einai diplhs kateyqynshs. Na syspeirwsei me kaqe tropo to sklhro pyrhna ths katakermatismenhs kommatikhs ths bashs kai na koyrasei to eyrytero eklogiko swma, sprwxnontas sthn adiaforia kai sthn apoxh.

    ER: Giati xrhsimopoieite to synqhma "sosialismos h barbarothta"; Poioys qewreite barbaroys kai giati;

    AP: To dilhmma poy xrhsimopoihqhke kat' analogia, exei baqeies politikes kai ideologikes rizes. Den einai ena istoriko synqhma, alla ena oysiastiko kai epikairo politiko dilhmma se synqhkes oikonomikhs kai koinwnikhs krishs, ws apotelesma ths kyriarxhs neofileleyqerhs strathgikhs. Einai profanes, oti to dilhmma syndeetai me politikes kai oxi me polites. Oi polites einai ta qymata aytwn twn politikwn. H hgesia ths synthrhtikhs paratajhs, epixeirei na paraplhroforhsei, na polwsei kai na dhmioyrghsei texnhtoys diaxwrismoys anamesa sto lao. Gi aythn oi "barbaroi" einai mia kapoia lysh?, gia na periswsei oti mporei apo thn katarreoysa pleiochfia ths.

    ER: Mporoyn oi allages poy qa isxysoyn sto Eyrwpaiko Koinoboylio, na exoyn endiaferon gia toys eyrwpaioys polites, alla kai gia toys Ellhnes;

    AP: H qesmikh dynatothta toy Eyrwpaikoy Koinoboylioy na synapofasizei me to Symboylio Ypoyrgwn se pososto 80% peripoy twn qematwn poy aforoyn sthn kaqhmerinothta toy polith, diamorfwnei to dhmokratiko plaisio yperaspishs twn symferontwn twn eyrwpaiwn politwn. Qa prosqeta malista oti o anabaqmismenos toy rolos enisxyei th dhmokratikh toy nomimopoihsh kai symballei sth meiwsh toy dhmokratikoy elleimmatos poy xarakthrizei tis diadikasies ths eyrwpaikhs enopoihshs.

    Qemata, opws oi ergasiakes sxeseis, o xronos ergasias, h prostasia toy periballontos, h asfaleia twn trofimwn, h dhmosia ygeia, h katanomh twn koinotikwn porwn se neoys dynamikoys tomeis ths oikonomias, h energeiakh asfaleia, h koinh agrotikh politikh, empiptoyn sth synarmodiothta toy Eyrwkoinoboylioy.

    ER: Oi sosialistes diekdikoyn thn pleiochfia sto koinoboylio. Ti qa shmanei mia sosialistikh pleiochfia sto koinoboylio kai mia synthrhtikh pleiochfia sto Eyrwpaiko Symboylio;

    AP: To Eyrwpaiko Koinoboylio diaqetei kai meta thn oloklhrwsh ths kyrwtikhs diadikasias ths Synqhkhs ths Lissabonas qa diaqetei ejairetika shmantikes armodiothtes synapofashs me to Symboylio Ypoyrgwn. Ayto shmainei me politikoys oroys oti mporei na apotelesei, me ton ychlobaqmo dhmokratikhs nomimopoihshs poy diaqetei, to politiko anaxwma se synthrhtikes politikes kai apofaseis toy Symboylioy Ypoyrgwn. Na tis allajei, na tis anatrecei, na periorisei tis arnhtikes toys synepeies gia toys laoys ths Eyrwphs. Epi pleon to E.K. me proodeytikh pleiochfia mporei na akyrwsei toys sxediasmoys twn kybernhsewn twn kratwn-melwn gia thn epilogh toy Proedroy ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, alla kai Epitropwn. Apenanti sthn asfyktikh kyriarxia twn synthrhtikwn politikwn sysxetismwn sta Krath-Melh to Eyrwkoinoboylio exei th qesmikh kai politikh dynatothta na dhmioyrghsei tis proypoqeseis kai tis synqhkes gia eyryteres allages sto eyrwpaiko systhma.

    [06] Ti prokalese toys pagetwnes;

    Oi gewlogoi isws anakalycan thn apanthsh se ena pampalaio erwthma: Ti prokalese tis prwtes epoxes pagetwnwn ston planhth mas. Symfwna me mia nea episthmonikh meleth, aytes proklhqhkan apo thn ayjhsh toy ojygonoy sthn atmosfaira ths Ghs, mia ejelijh poy odhghse sthn katanalwsh twn "aeriwn toy qermokhpioy" sthn atmosfaira kai synepws sto stadiako pagwma toy planhth.

    H ereyna, poy egine apo dieqnh omada gewlogwn apo tis HPA, ton Kanada, th Germania, th Gallia, thn Kina kai th N.Afrikh, me epikefalhs ton Alan Kaoyfman, kaqhghth gewlogias sto amerikaniko panepisthmio toy Merilant, dhmosieyetai sto periodiko "Geology".

    Symfwna me toys episthmones, breqhkan stoixeia poy deixnoyn oti h ayjhsh toy ojygonoy sthn atmosfaira synepese me thn prwth ejaplwsh twn pagwn sthn epifaneia toy planhth. Xrhsimopoiwntas isotopa qeioy gia na prosdiorisoyn thn posothta ojygonoy mesa se braxoys hlikias 2,3 dis. etwn sth Notio Afrikh, brhkan safeis endeijeis gia mia jafnikh ayjhsh sto atmosfairiko ojygono, h opoia synebh parallhla me thn emfanish twn pagetwnwn.

    H gewxhmikh analysh edeije oti h "ojeidwsh" ths atmosfairas synepese xronika me thn prwth gnwsth anwmalia ston kyklo toy anqraka sth Gh, h opoia piqanws prohlqe apo th diaforopoihsh ths fwtosynqetikhs zwhs, poy parhgage to ojygono.

    Prin 2,5 dis. xronia, protoy h ghinh atmosfaira apokthsei shmantikh posothta ojygonoy, ta fwtosynqetika bakthria apeleyqerwnan siga-siga ojygono kai etsi arxise piqanotata h ojygonwsh ths epifaneias twn wkeanwn kai arketa argotera ths atmosfairas. To prwto ojygono poy sxhmatisthke me ayto ton tropo, epedrase me to sidhro stoys wkeanoys, dhmioyrgwntas ojeidia toy sidhroy, ta opoia epikaqhsan stoys byqoys ws izhmata, dhmioyrgwntas allepallhla strwmata braxwn kokkinoy-kafe xrwmatos diaspartwn ana ton kosmo.

    Argotera, to ojygono "drapeteyse" apo toys wkeanoys sthn atmosfaira, opoy kai arxise na sygkentrwnetai se oloena megalyteres posothtes. Symfwna me tis nees ektimhseis twn episthmonwn, opws anaferoyn sthn meleth toys, to atmosfairiko ojygono allhlepidrase me to meqanio, ena isxyro aerio toy qermokhpioy, sxhmatizontas diojeidio toy anqraka, poy einai 62 fores ligotero apotelesmatiko ws aerio toy qermokhpioy gia thn qermansh toy planhth. H diadikasia ayth - dhladh h stadiakh antikatastash toy meqanioy apo to diojeidio toy anqraka - odhghse sthn ptwsh ths qermokrasias sthn epifaneia ths Ghs, prokalwntas telika thn prwth epoxh twn pagetwnwn.

    Ektos apo thn epidrash toy sto klima (mesa apo thn parapanw allhloyxia gegonotwn), h ayjhsh toy ojygonoy prokalese thn ayjhsh toy ozontos sth stratosfaira, dhladh sto strwma toy aerioy, poy brisketai metajy 12 kai 30 miliwn panw apo thn epifaneia ths Ghs, kai prostateyei apo tis epiblabeis yperiwdeis aktines toy hlioy. H ayjhsh ths prostateytikhs aspidas apo thn aktinobolia epetrece stoys fwtosynqetikoys organismoys, poy mexri tote zoysan sta baqh twn wkeanwn gia logoys prostasias, na aneboyn pros thn epifaneia twn qalasswn kai etsi na ayjhqei drastika h posothta toy ojygonoy poy apeleyqerwnan, enisxyontas peraiterw to stratosfairiko ozon.

    Symfwna me toys episthmones, h synexhs anodos toy ojygonoy sthn atmosfaira epetrece epishs thn paroxh perissoterwn qreptikwn oysiwn stis qalasses, bohqwntas th biologikh ejelijh pros thn kateyqynsh ths emfanishs twn prwtwn polyplokwn kyttarwn, ta opoia xreiazontan eleyqero ojygono gia na prowqhsoyn tis biosynqetikes diergasies sto eswteriko toys.

    Telika, kata toys ereynhtes, h "Megalh Ojeidwsh" ths Ghs, prokalese ton plhrh metasxhmatismo ths atmosfairas, toy klimatos kai ths zwhs ston planhth mas.

    Syndesmos gia thn prwtotyph episthmonikh ergasia sth dieyqynsh: http://geology.gsapubs.org/cgi/content/abstract/37/5/399


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