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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-06-27

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Krhth: Ereyna gia thn oikonomikh krish
  • [02] Sto epikentro h paneyrwpaikh asfaleia

    [01] Krhth: Ereyna gia thn oikonomikh krish

    Problhmatismos prokyptei apo thn katagrafh ths apochs twn Krhtikwn sxetika me thn oikonomikh krish kai tis epiptwseis ths sthn Ellada, symfwna me ta stoixeia poy apotypwnontai sthn Pagkrhtia dhmoskophsh, poy dienerghqhke ypo thn epopteia toy kaqhghth K. Zopoynidh, dieyqynth twn ergasthriwn Analyshs Dedomenwn kai Problechs kai Systhmatwn Xrhmatooikonomikhs Dioikhshs toy Polytexneioy Krhths, kai toy ypochfioy didaktora sthn Analysh Dedomenwn, G. I. Matalliwtakh, gia tis apoceis toy koinoy sxetika me thn pagkosmia oikonomikh krish.

    Opws shmeiwnetai, h gnwmh twn politwn gia th qesh ths xwras sto meizon qema ths oikonomikhs krishs einai safhs, afoy se pososto 85,5 % diatypwnoyn oti h Ellada dianyei periodo pragmatikhs oikonomikhs krishs, exontas malista entopisei antistoixa shmadia, se antiqesh me 14,1%, poy yposthrizoyn oti den parathroyntai tetoia shmadia.

    H oikonomikh krish de, fainetai pws aggizei oloena kai perissoteroys Ellhnes, afoy 73,1% dhlwnoyn pws exei probei se perikopes gia na thn antimetwpisoyn, enw 26,2% twn politwn den ekrinan anagkaiwn na perikocoyn ta ejoda toys.

    Se erwthsh an apo thn politeia askeitai sygkekrimenh politikh gia thn antimetwpish ths oikonomikhs krishs, 60,8% twn politwn apantoyn arnhtika, h mallon arnhtika, kai 34,9 % qetika. Kata tis ektimhseis twn erwthqentwn politwn, to problhma ths krishs aggizei perissotero toys anergoys (26,8%) kai epontai oi idiwtikoi ypallhloi (26%), oi eleyqeroi epaggelmaties (23%), oi epixeirhmaties (11,9%) kai oi dhmosioi ypallhloi (9,2%).

    H ereyna epektaqhke kai stoys tomeis stoys opoioys oi polites exoyn kanei perikopes, logw ths oikonomikhs krishs, diapistwqhke pws oi megalyteres exoyn ginei stoys tomeis diaskedash-cyxagwgia (26,2%) kai diakopes (25,8%). Akoloyqoyn oi perikopes sthn endysh kai ypodhsh (22,7%), enw 14,1 % twn erwthqentwn apanthsan pws anagkasthkan na perikocoyn apo trofima kai eidh prwths anagkhs.

    Endiaferon, omws, paroysiazei, h apoch poy diatypwqhke apo thn pleiochfia toy deigmatos gia to meridio eyqynhs twn politwn sto qema ths ektashs toy fainomenoy ths oikonomikhs krishs sthn Ellada. Pososto megalytero toy 60% yposthrizoyn oti oi idioi oi polites ekanan entonotero to problhma ths krishs, me tis epiloges toys kai th diaxeirish twn xrhmatwn toys. Antiqeth apoch diatypwnei 35,1% twn politwn.

    Epipleon, 30,9% twn erwthqentwn yposthrizoyn pws h oikonomikh krish entopizetai sthn kaqhmerinothta kai sthn koinwnia me perikopes ejodwn kai mazikes apolyseis ergazomenwn (28,6%), me ayjhsh ths egklhmatikothtas (22,9%) kai me meiwsh ths anaptyjhs (12,0%).

    Se sxetikh erwthsh gia ton tropo, me ton opoio h krish piqanon na exei ephreasei thn ergasia toys h kapoioy kontinoy toys proswpoy, 29,4% twn erwthqentwn dhlwsan oti h ergasia toys den exei ypostei kamia epirroh, logw ths oikonomikhs krishs, 26,8% oti ypesthsan perikoph misqoy, 12,9% oti epesan anagkastikh hmiapasxolhsh 22,8 % oti apolyqhkan.

    Shmeio sygklishs twn apocewn twn erwthqentwn (77,8%) apotelese h arnhtikh diaqesh na katabaloyn perissoteroys foroys, me skopo thn enisxysh ths oikonomias kai thn antimetwpish ths krishs, kai mono to 1/5 toy plhqysmoy emfanisthke dektiko sthn epibolh forwn gia thn antimetwpish toy fainomenoy ths krishs.

    H eikona anhsyxoy kai problhmatismenoy polith katagrafetai sthn Krhth th dedomenh stigmh, kaqws oi katoikoi biwnoyn synaisqhmata anhsyxias gia thn katastash poy exei diamorfwqei sthn ellhnikh oikonomia logw ths krishs.

    Oi Krhtikoi, ejalloyn, se pososto 71,5% dhlwnoyn poly kai arketa anhsyxoi. Antiqeth apoch diatypwnoyn se pososto 27,9%.

    H anergia (38,3%) akoloyqoymenh apo thn akribeia (26,8%) kai thn apoplhrwmh twn daneiwn (22,1%) apoteloyn ta shmantikotera zhthmata anhsyxias gia toys katoikoys toy nhsioy, symfwna me th dhmoskophsh, gegonos poy antikatoptrizei tis genikoteres anhsyxies twn politwn sxetika me thn yparxoysa oikonomikh katastash kai thn abebaiothta ston tomea ths anaptyjhs kai ths apasxolhshs.

    H ``aspida'' ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs

    H Eyrwpaikh Enwsh qewreitai h isxyroterh aspida ths Elladas gia thn antimetwpish ths krishs me 54% twn politwn na qewroyn qetiko to gegonos oti h xwra einai melos ths Eyrwzwnhs kai exei ws nomisma ths to eyrw. Antiqeth apoch, ekfrazoyn 40,2% twn politwn ths Krhths, oi opoioi qewroyn arnhtiko gegonos gia thn antimetwpish ths krishs, th symmetoxh ths xwras mas sthn eyrwpaikh oikogeneia.

    H ereyna epektaqhke kai ston prosdiorismo twn xarakthristikwn enos neoy oikonomikoy anaptyjiakoy monteloy, opoy zhthqhke apo toys polites na kataqesoyn tis apoceis toys. Sth sygkekrimenh erwthsh oi polites diatypwsan thn apoch (42,9%) oti ena neo montelo oikonomikhs anaptyjhs qa prepei se genikes grammes na perilambanei perissoteres kratikopoihseis. Antiqeta, yper twn perissoterwn idiwtikopoihsewn taxqhkan 31,6% twn politwn. Sthn erwthsh den apanthsan oi erwthqentes se pososto 25,4%.

    Arketa epifylaktikoi, pantws, paroysiazontai oi Krhtikoi, symfwna me th sygkekrimenh dhmoskophsh, gia to poia ependysh qewroyn ws thn kalyterh gia ta xrhmata toys. Se pososto 41,9% dhlwsan pws h periodos ayth den endeiknytai gia kamia ependysh, enw 31,4 % epelejan, ws kalyterh epilogh, thn ependysh se agora akinhtwn. Akoloyqhsan oi proqesmiakes kataqeseis me 5,6%, h ependysh se xryso 4,4% kai oi metoxes me 2,5%.

    Syndikalismos h oxi;

    Oi polites qeloyn tis syndikalistikes organwseis ths xwras mas symmaxoys toys sthn koinh prospaqeia gia thn antimetwpish ths krishs kai zhtoyn apo toys syndikalistes (48,9%) na proteinoyn qeseis kai politikes yperaspizomenoi ta symferonta twn ergazomenwn kai twn katanalwtwn. Pososto 13,2% twn politwn yposthrizoyn pws oi syndikalistes prepei na synainesoyn sta metra kai sthn politikh ths kybernhshs, enw enas stoys pente polites ektima oti oi syndikalistikes organwseis den mporoyn na bohqhsoyn.

    Se sxesh me thn apoch twn politwn gia th fash ths krishs sthn opoia brisketai h xwra mas, th dedomenh stigmh, pososto 48,3% dhlwnoyn oti h Ellada brisketai sthn arxh, 31,6 % oti h krish sthn Ellada einai se plhrh ejelijh, 2,8% yposthrizoyn h xwra einai sto teliko stadio ths krishs kai pososto 13,4% ekfrazoyn thn apoch pws h krish sth xwra mas den exei akomh ekdhlwqei.

    Gia thn anakamch ths xwras

    O dromos ths anakamchs ths krishs, pantws, fainetai arketa makrys, symfwna me th gnwmh twn politwn. Pososto 42% toy deigmatos pisteyoyn pws h krish sthn Ellada qa diarkesei 2 ews 3 xronia akoma, 14,8 % pws h krish qa exei diarkeia 4-5 xronia kai 13,7 % diatypwnoyn megalh apaisiodojia, yposthrizontas oti h oikonomikh krish sth xwra qa exei diarkeia 5 kai anw eth.

    Gia thn katalhjh kai antimetwpish ths krishs, oi polites enapoqetoyn tis elpides toys stis kybernhseis (25,7%) kai sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh (22,8%). Enas stoys 10, elpizei sth bohqeia twn trapezwn kai se pososto 6,7% elpizoyn stis polyeqnikes epixeirhseis.

    Se o,ti afora thn apoch ths koinhs gnwmhs apenanti ston tropo me ton opoio paroysiazetai to problhma ths oikonomikhs krishs apo ta MME, dhladh an aytos antapokrinetai sthn alhqeia h einai yperbolikos kai symballei sthn krish dhmioyrgwntas klima ekfobismoy kai anasfaleias, epikratei h apoch me syntriptika pososta (79,2%) oti einai yperbolikos h mallon yperbolikos. Pososto molis 18,6% ektimoyn pws o tropos paroysiashs toy problhmatos ths oikonomikhs krishs apo ta Mesa Enhmerwshs den einai yperbolikos kai antapokrinetai sthn alhqeia.

    H taytothta ths ereynas

    H ereyna dienerghqhke kata thn periodo 18-21 Maioy toy 2009.

    To deigma htan tyxaio kai antiproswpeytiko toy plhqysmoy, perielambane 1017 noikokyria ths Krhths kai epilexqhke basei twn sxetikwn analogiwn toy pragmatikoy plhqysmoy ths apografhs toy 2001. Basisqhke se domhmeno erwthmatologio kai pragmatopoihqhkan proswpikes thlefwnikes synenteyjeis se atoma hlikiwn apo 18 ews 60+ xronwn.

    [02] Sto epikentro h paneyrwpaikh asfaleia

    Shmantikh politikh stigmh gia thn epanaproseggish Anatolhs-Dyshs, alla kai gia thn Ellada, apotelei h synodos toy Symboylioy NATO-Rwsias, h opoia jekina tis ergasies ths stis 5 to apogeyma, sthn polh ths Kerkyras.

    Oi 29 ypoyrgoi Ejwterikwn toy Boreioatlantikoy Symfwnoy kai ths Rwsias, poy synerxontai gia prwth fora meta ta gegonota ths Gewrgias, ton perasmeno Aygoysto, proserxontai me qetiko pneyma kai th desmeysh na symfwnhqei mia atzenta ergasias, prokeimenoy na prowqhqoyn megala qemata eyrwpaikhs asfaleias.

    H Ellada, ws prodreyoysa toy OASE, dia ths ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn Nt. Mpakogiannh, filojenei shmera th synodo toy Symboylioy NATO-Rwsias (NRC) kai ayrio, thn atyph synodo twn ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn toy OASE, dinontas mia diplh eykairia na syzhthqoyn ta qemata paneyrwpaikhs asfaleias, opws diamorfwqhkan meta thn krish sth Gewrgia, alla kai opws epanadiamorfwnontai ypo to fws ths neas amerikanikhs hgesias kai ths pagkosmias oikonomikhs krishs.

    Paroysia toy Rwsoy proedroy S. Labrof kai toy anaplhrwth Amerikanoy ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn, T. Stainmpergk, oi 29 qa anazhthsoyn ena programma ergasias, me skopo thn prowqhsh lysewn se qemata opws to Afganistan, h mh diadosh oplwn mazikhs katastrofhs, h antimetwpish ths tromokratias kai h antipyraylikh aspida.

    Oi dyo pleyres proserxontai me qetiko pneyma kai proshlwsh se epoikodomhtiko dialogo. Wstoso, kata th diarkeia twn ergasiwn anamenontai kai entones syzhthseis se qemata, opoy yparxoyn diafwnies, opws ayto ths Gewrgias, poy apasxolei kai thn Ellada sto plaisio toy OASE.

    Shmeia aixmhs poy qa qigoyn, ws pros to Gewrgiano, einai to qema ths edafikhs akeraiothtas, h xrhsh bias gia thn epilysh diaforwn, to dikaiwma twn kratwn na epilegoyn toys symmaxoys toys kai h yparjh sfairwn epirrohs.

    Oles oi pleyres edeijan oti qewroyn oti to NRC apotelei ejairetiko ergaleio gia thn epejergasia qesewn, akomh kai gia th diatypwsh diafwniwn, kai epidiwkoyn na toy prosdwsoyn nea dynamikh.

    H ellhnikh prwtoboylia na filojenhsei shmera to NRC kai ayrio thn atyph ypoyrgikh toy OASE, qewreitai tonwtikh enesh sthn epanaproseggish Anatolhs-Dyshs, thn katallhlh xronikh stigmh, dedomenoy oti molis xqes oi ypoyrgoi Ejwterikwn toy ``G8'' briskontan mazi sthn Tergesth, me th symmetoxh ths kyrias Mpakogiannh - h opoia eftase apeyqeias sthn Kerkyra - enw se liges meres o Proedros twn HPA, Mp. Ompama, qa synanthsei sth Mosxa to Rwso omologo toy, N. Mentbentef, anixneyontas pedia synergasias gia ta eyrytera qemata asfaleias toy planhth.

    H ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Ntora Mpakogiannh qa exei seira dimerwn synanthsewn, me ton GG toy NATO Giaap nte Xoop Sefer, me to Rwso omologo ths, Sergkei Labrof, ton anaplhrwth ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn twn HPA, Tzeims Stainmpergk, ton ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn ths Toyrkias, A. Ntaboytogloy, ton ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn ths Germanias, Frank Balter Stainmager kai ton ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn ths Bretanias N. Milimpant.

    Me thn amerikanikh pleyra, h Ellada anamenetai na ypogracei symfwnies, poy qa anoijoyn to dromo gia thn apeleyqerwsh twn Ellhnwn tajidiwtwn stis HPA, apo to kaqestws ths bizas, kaqws kai gia th synergasia se qemata tromokratias kai organwmenoy egklhmatos.

    Ws pros to megalo qema ths paneyrwpaikhs asfaleias, epidiwjh ths ellhnikhs pleyras einai na yparjei h arxh enos neoy dialogoy, to plaisio toy opoioy na orioqethqei sthn ypoyrgikh synodo toy OASE ton Dekembrio, me thn opoia qa oloklhrwqei h qhteia ths ellhnikhs proedrias.

    Arga to apogeyma, meta th lhjh twn ergasiwn, qa doqoyn xwristes synenteyjeis apo ton GG toy NATO, ton ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn ths Rwsias, S. Labrof, ton anaplhrwth ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn twn HPA, T. Stainmpergk. kai ton Italo prwqypoyrgo Silbio Mperloyskoni.

    Apoce anamenetai na ftasei sto nhsi o prwqypoyrgos, K. Karamanlhs, o opoios qa apeyqynei ayrio to prwi xairetismo sthn atyph synodo twn ypoyrgwn Ejwterikwn toy OASE.

    Proklhseis sto qema ths asfaleias

    ``Oi megalyteres apeiles poy qa antimetwpisoyn oi xwres ths Eyrwphs ston 21o aiwna ekteinontai pera apo thn eyrwpaikh hpeiro kai perilambanoyn to Afganistan, to Irak, ta pyrhnika programmata toy Iran kai ths Boreioy Koreas kai th Mesh Anatolh'', tonizei se arqro ths sthn istoselida ``huffingtonpost.com'', h ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn, Ntora Mpakogiannh, anaferomenh sth sygklhsh ths Synodoy toy OASE ths Kerkyras.

    H k. Mpakogiannh, metajy allwn, shmeiwnei oti ``qa prepei na anazhthqoyn ta ergaleia kai oi politikes ekeines oi opoies qa symballoyn sto jeperasma twn diaforwn twn xwrwn toy OASE, alla kai na syzhthqoyn ta qemata ekeina ta opoia apoteloyn tis pragmatikes proklhseis sto qema ths asfaleias''.

    H ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ths xwras mas anaferei oti ``o stoxos ths Synodoy einai oles oi xwres-melh toy OASE na emplakoyn sth diadikasia ths Kerkyras, h opoia qa bohqhsei ston kaqorismo koinwn stoxwn kai koinhs drashs gia th diasfalish ths eyrwpaikhs asfaleias ston 21o aiwna''.

    Ths amerikanikhs antiproswpeias qa hghqei o yfypoyrgos Ejwterikwn armodios gia Politikes Ypoqeseis k. William J. Burns, kaqws h ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn twn HPA, Xilary Klinton, enhmerwse thn ka Mpakogiannh oti logw toy prosfatoy traymatismoy ths, den qa dynhqei na symmetasxei sth Synodo.


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