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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-07-10

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Biwsimh anaptyjh stis Prespes
  • [02] Episitistikh bohqeia

    [01] Biwsimh anaptyjh stis Prespes

    Ws ena apo ta pente kalytera programmata, poy oloklhrwqhkan sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh thn periodo 2007 - 2008, anadeixthke to Life - Fysh (2002 - 2007) gia thn Prostasia kai Diathrhsh Eidwn Poyliwn Proteraiothtas sth limnh Mikrh Prespa, to opoio ylopoihsan h Etaireia Prostasias Prespwn kai to WWF Ellas.

    Se synenteyjh Typoy, poy doqhke shmera ston oikismo Pylh toy dhmoy Prespwn, paroysia toy dhmarxoy, ekproswpwn twn ypoyrgeiwn Periballontos kai Agrotikhs Anaptyjhs kaqws kai ths Perifereias Dytikhs Makedonias, paroysiasthkan ta apotelesmata toy programmatos.

    Se ayta perilambanontai h amesh ayjhsh toy plhqysmoy twn poyliwn sthn perioxh, h kataskeyh fragmatos gia th ryqmish ths staqmhs twn ydatwn, h ikanopoihsh twn ardeytikwn anagkwn twn kallierghtwn kai twn kthnotrofwn, alla kai h apokatastash peripoy xiliwn stremmatwn ygrwn libadiwn, sta opoia briskoyn trofh kai fwlia megaloi plhqysmoi poyliwn kai cariwn.

    Opws anefere sto APE - MPE h ekproswpos ths Etaireias Prostasias Prespwn, Marianna Blassh, para thn oloklhrwsh toy programmatos, oi draseis toy, poy exoyn ejasfalisei thn oloklhrwmenh diaxeirish toy ygrotopoy, synexizontai kai xrhmatodotoyntai apo thn Etaireia.

    ``Wstoso, einai aparaithth h syndromh toy kratoys me oikonomikoys poroys, alla kai ejeidikeymeno proswpiko'', katelhje.

    [02] Episitistikh bohqeia

    Oi xwres ths G8 kai twn anadyomenwn oikonomiwn poy eixan prosklhqei sth synodo toys sth L'Akoyila desmeythkan shmera na xorhghsoyn "20 disekatommyria dolaria gia tria xronia" gia na eggyhqoyn th diatrofikh asfaleia ston kosmo, se koinh diakhryjh toys.

    Arxika, o proedros twn HPA Mparak Ompama eixe anakoinwsei oti qa doqoyn toylaxiston 15 disekatommyria dolaria se periodo triwn etwn gia thn ayjhsh twn ependysewn ston tomea ths gewrgias stis anaptyssomenes xwres. Wstoso, o Italos prwqypoyrgos Silbio Mperloyskoni anefere, se synenteyjh Typoy, pws kata th synodo ergasias ths G8 me tis megales anadyomenes oikonomies kai afrikanikes xwres gia th diatrofikh asfaleia "eidame me ikanopoihsh oti mporoyme na perasoyme apo ta 15 sta 20 disekatommyria dolaria".

    "H G8 kai oi alloi hgetes anebasan tis prosfores sto ycos twn 20 disekatommyriwn dolariwn gia th bohqeia sth gewrgia", dhlwse parallhla kai o epikefalhs ths mh kybernhtikhs anqrwpistikhs organwshs Oxfam Gkaoyen Kripke.

    "Ejakoloyqoyme na anhsyxoyme entona gia thn pagkosmia diatrofikh asfaleia, tis epiptwseis ths oikonomikhs kai xrhmatopistwtikhs krishs kai th dramatikh ayjhsh twn timwn twn trofimwn perysi, poy eplhje tis xwres kai epideinwse th ftwxeia kai thn peina", prosqetoyn oi ypografontes thn "Prwtoboylia ths L'Akoyila gia thn episitistikh asfaleia".

    "An oi times twn basikwn eidwn diatrofhs meiwqhkan meta to epipedo rekor poy eixan fqasei to 2008, wstoso paramenoyn istorika ychles kai ametablhtes" epishmainoyn me anhsyxia oi hgetes, enw h ayjhsh twn timwn prokalese perysi taraxes ejaitias ths peinas se arketes xwres.

    To qema ths xorhghshs bohqeias stis ftwxes xwres apasxolhse shmera tis ergasies ths triths kai teleytaias hmeras ths synodoy ths G8. H G8 synedriase shmera mazi me toys ekproswpoys ths Algerias, ths Agkolas, ths Aigyptoy, ths Aiqiopias ths Libyhs, ths Nighrias, ths Senegalhs, ths Notas Afrikhs kai me antiproswpeia ths AE.

    Nwritera shmera, o prwqypoyrgos ths Bretanias Gkornton Mpraoyn dhlwse sth L'Akoyila oti oi pio ploysies xwres ston planhth den prepei na ypanaxwrhsoyn stis desmeyseis toys yper twn pio ftwxwn xwrwn, para thn oikonomikh krish, kata th synanthsh toy me ton hgeth ths Libyhs Moyamar Kantafi, sto periqwrio ths synodoy ths G8.

    "O prwqypoyrgos epemeine sto gegonos oti oi afrikanikes xwres den eyqynontai gia thn oikonomikh yfesh kai oti emeis exoyme eyqynh na eggyhqoyme thn prostasia twn xwrwn aytwn apo thn krish", dhlwse o ekproswpos toy Gkornton Mpraoyn ston Typo, meta tis synomilies me ton Moyamar Kantafi, o opoios egine dektos ws proedreiwn ths Afrikanikhs Enwshs.

    "Den einai h stigmh na ypanaxwrhsoyme stis desmeyseis mas apenanti stis pio ftwxes xwres", prosqese o Mpraoyn.

    Thn idia wra sto periqwrio ths synodoy sth L'Akoyila o Kanagio Noyantze, proedros toy Dieqnoys Tameioy gia thn Agrotikh Anaptyjh (FIDA) toy OHE dhlwse se synenteyjh toy oti perimenei polla apo thn prwtoboylia ths Omadas twn Oktw gia th diatrofikh asfaleia, poy anamenetai na anakoinwsei o Mparak Ompama.

    "Einai mia prwtoboylia ycoys 15 disekatommyriwn dolariwn. Einai mia megalh anatroph ston tomea ths episitistikhs bohqeias, poy shmainei oti qa doqei ena farmako se ena paidi, to opoio einai hdh arrwsto, oti qa yposthrixqoyn oi xwres poy katartizoyn orqh politikh gia na paragoyn trofima.

    "Elpizoyme oti peraiterw drash qa yparjei apo ayth thn prwtoboylia. H ependysh sthn agrotikh anaptyjh einai o moxlos gia thn oikonomikh anaptyjh twn anaptyssomenwn xwrwn kai dhmioyrgei ena dikty asfaleias poy apotrepei th metanasteysh pros tis megales poleis h tis xwres ths Dyshs", epishmane o ajiwmatoyxos toy OHE

    O Ompama o opoios meta thn L'Akoyila qa episkefqei th Gkana, anakoinwse thn prwtoboylia ths G8 (HPA, Iapwnia, Germania, Gallia, Bretania, Italia, Kanadas kai Rwsia).

    O Organismos Trofimwn kai Gewrgias (FAO) toy OHE ypologizei se toylaxiston ena disekatommyrio toy anqrwpoys poy ypoferoyn apo peina ston kosmo, 100 ekatommyria perissotera apo perysi.

    ... kai gia to periballon

    Symfwnia-oroshmo gia ton periorismo ths anodoy ths qermokrasias toy planhth kata 2 baqmoys Kelsioy monon, ws anagkaio bhma gia thn apotroph twn katastrofikwn synepeiwn sto klima, epeteyxqh metajy twn ploysioterwn xwrwn, pagkosmiws kai ths Kinas, ths Indias kai allwn megalwn rypantwn, symfwna me dhlwseis diplwmatwn.

    Enocei ths enarjhs twn epishmwn sxetikwn synomiliwn sthn italikh polh L' Akoyila, eyreia yposthrijh se ayton to stoxo edwsan oi hgetes twn xwrwn-melwn toy Foroym twn Megalwn Oikonomiwn (MEF), dhladh ths Aystralias, ths Bretanias, ths Brazilias, ths Gallias, ths Germanias, twn HPA, ths Iapwnias, ths Indias, ths Indonhsias, ths Italias, toy Kanada, ths Kinas, toy Mejikoy, ths Notias Afrikhs, ths Notias Koreas kai ths Rwsias.

    "Einai h prwth fora poy oi xwres toy MEF ypografoyn mia tetoia koinh dhlwsh gia to klima", eipe sto germaniko eidhseografiko praktoreio dpa phgh proskeimenh stis synomilies.

    Ejalloy, oi xwres melh ths G8 kai alles anadyomenes oikonomikes dynameis symfwnhsan, shmera, na oloklhrwsoyn to 2010 to gyro synomiliwn Ntoxa gia to pagkosmio emporio, symfwna me dhlwseis toy proedroy ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs k. Zoze Manoyel Mparozo.

    Epiprosqetws, oi xwres ths G8, ths G5, h Aigyptos, h Aystralia kai h Notia Korea apofasisan synanthsh se ypoyrgiko epipedo, prin th synanthsh ths G20 ton Septembrio stis HPA.

    H Dieqnhs Yphresia Energeias gia tis apofaseis ths G8 gia to klima

    Tesseris fores perissotera kefalaia, apo ayta gia ta opoia yparxoyn desmeyseis mexri shmera, xreiazetai na ependyqoyn se energeiakh apodotikothta kai kaqarh energeia, tonise h Dieqnhs Yphresia Energeias (IEA), kalwsorizontas, wstoso, tis ekklhseis poy aphyqyne h G8 gia analhch drashs sthn kateyqynsh ths antimetwpishs toy fainomenoy toy qermokhpioy.

    H IEA zhthse, parallhla, diasfalish ygiwn makroproqesmwn ependytikwn strathgikwn ston tomea ths energeias.

    Oi ypologismoi ths Yphresias, poy symboyleyei gia qemata energeias tis xwres-melh toy OOSA, deixnoyn oti apo to synolo twn ycoys 2,6 tris. dolariwn kratikwn dapanwn, sto plaisio twn braxyproqesmwn paketwn tonwshs ths oikonomias, 100 dis. dolaria kateyqynontai pros thn energeiakh apodotikothta kai thn kaqarh energeia.

    "Prokeitai gia bhma sth swsth kateyqynsh. Alla xreiazetai na ginoyn polla perissotera", epishmainei, se shmerinh anakoinwsh toy, o ektelestikos dieyqynths ths IEA k. Nompoyo Tanaka. "Oi ependyseis se energeiakh apodotikothta kai texnologies kaqarhs energeias prepei na ayjhqoyn kata tetraplasio poso an qeloyme na sygkrathsoyme thn anodo ths qermokrasias katw apo 2 baqmoys Kelsioy. Ayto shmainei 400 dis. eyrw perissotera, kaqe xrono, gia ta epomena eikosi xronia", prosqese o k. Tanaka.

    Sthn anakoinwsh toy, o ektelestikos dieyqynths ths IEA xarakthrise "egkairh kai epeigoysa" thn ekklhsh ths G8 gia ayjhsh twn ependysewn sthn prosfora energeias, energeiakh apodotikothta kai texnologies xamhlwn ekpompwn anqraka.

    "Se mia periodo eyrytaths abebaiothtas, oi kybernhseis mporoyn kai prepei na deijoyn to dromo mesw ayjanomenhs energeiakhs diaforopoihshs kai, kyriws, mesw beltiwshs ths energeiakhs apodotikothtas. Ayta ta dyo mporoyn na elattwsoyn th stenothta kai th metablhtothta stis dieqneis agores petrelaioy", ypogrammizei o k. Tanaka.

    H IEA exei ypologisei oti oi pagkosmies ependyseis se ejereynhsh kai anaptyjh ston tomea toy argoy petrelaioy kai fysikoy aerioy exoyn hdh meiwqei fetos kata 21%se sxesh me to 2008 (einai meiwmenes kata 100 dis. dolaria).

    "Gia ton periorismo ths yperbolikhs metablhtothtas twn timwn kai twn ependytikwn kindynwn, protrepoyme tis kybernhseis na yioqethsoyn, afenos, diafaneis, staqeres politikes gia na prowqhsoyn energeiakes ependyseis kai, afeteroy, na beltiwsoyn to ryqmistiko plaisio gia tis agores symbolaiwn mellontikhs ekplhrwshs", tonizei o ektelestikos dieyqynths ths IEA.

    "Mazi, prepei na ejasfalisoyme na briskontai sto epikentro kaqe paketoy tonwshs ths oikonomias oi ygieis, makroproqesmes ependytikes strathgikes ston tomea ths energeias", protrepei o k. Tanaka.

    Synodos ths Omadas twn 8

    H eyqraysth katastash ths pagkosmias oikonomias kyriarxhse stis synomilies ths prwths hmeras ths ethsias synodoy ths Omadas twn 8, me toys hgetes twn HPA, ths Iapwnias, ths Germanias , ths Gallias, ths Bretanias, ths Italias , toy Kanada kai ths Rwsias na anagnwrizoyn oti yparxoyn akomh shmantikoi kindynoi gia thn pagkosmia xrhmatooikonomikh staqerothta.

    Symfwnhsan epishs na katabaloyn prospaqeies gia ton periorismo stoys 2 baqmoys Kelsioy ths ayjhshs ths qermokrasias ths ghs kai gia th meiwsh twn ekpompwn aeriwn poy eyqynontai gia to fainomeno toy qermokhpioy kata 50%-80% mexri to 2050.

    Wstoso, o genikos grammateas toy OHE Mpan Ki-moyn dhlwse shmera oti h G8 den proxwrhse arketa wste na qesei stoxoys stis synomilies ths L'Akoyila gia thn antimetwpish twn klimatikwn allagwn.

    "Oi qeseis poy exoyn yioqethsei mexri twra den arkoyn", tonise kai ypogrammise: "Ayto apotelei politika kai hqika mia epitaktikh anagkh kai istorikh eyqynh gia to mellon ths anqrwpothtas, akoma kai gia to mellon toy planhth Gh".

    Pyrhnikh asfaleia

    Oi xwres ths Omadas twn 8 isxyroterwn oikonomiwn toy kosmoy dinoyn periqwrio mexri ton Septembrio gia na apodwsoyn karpoys oi diaboyleyseis me to Iran gia to pyrhniko toy programma, dhlwse o Gallos proedros, Nikola Sarkozi, meta tis synomilies twn hgetwn toy G8, sth L'Akoyila ths Italias.

    O Sarkozi prosqese oti oi isxyroteroi hgetes toy kosmoy qa epanejetasoyn thn katastash me to Iran sth synodo toy G20, sto Pitsmpergk twn HPA, stis 24 kai 25 Septembrioy.

    "Ean den exei epiteyxqei proodos mexri tote, tote qa prepei na paroyme apofaseis", dhlwse o Sarkozi.

    Oi hgetes poy symmeteixan sth synodo toy G8 sthn Italia sthn koinh anakoinwsh toys anaferoyn oti paramenoyn proshlwmenoi sthn anazhthsh diplwmatikhs lyshs sto qema twn pyrhnikwn filodojiwn toy Iran. Ekfrazoyn de thn entonh anhsyxia toys gia thn politikh krish sthn islamikh dhmokratia meta tis proedrikes ekloges ths 12hs Ioynioy.

    Me thn anakoinwsh toys oi hgetes twn 8 isxyroterwn kratwn toy kosmoy katadikazoyn tis prosfates pyraylikes dokimes ths Boreias Koreas, tis opoies xarakthrizoyn kindyno gia thn dieqnh eirhnh kai staqerothta.

    Oi hgetes toy G8 me thn koinh anakoinwsh toys zhtoyn thn epeigoysa enarjh diapragmateysewn me stoxo thn epiteyjh symfwnias gia thn apagoreysh ths paragwghs ylikwn poy xrhsimopoioyntai gia thn paraskeyh pyrhnikwn bombwn kai kalesan ola ta krath na sebastoyn to moratorioym twn pyrhnikwn dokimwn.

    Sth synodo ths L'Akoyila epibebaiwqhke epishs oti h Oyasingkton qa filojenhsei synodo koryfhs me qema thn pyrhnikh asfaleia, ton prosexh Martio.


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