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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-07-29

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Poroi me diafaneia sthn topikh aytodioikhsh"
  • [02] "H oikonomia boyliazei"
  • [03] Epikindyno to solarioym

    [01] "Poroi me diafaneia sthn topikh aytodioikhsh"

    Ypo thn proedria toy prwqypoyrgoy K. Karamanlh synedriase sto Megaro Majimoy, h Kybernhtikh Epitroph kai enekrine to anaptyjiako programma gia thn prwtobaqmia topikh aytodioikhsh "QHSEAS 2".

    O Ypoyrgos twn Eswterikwn Prokophs Paylopoylos ypogrammise, se dhlwseis toy, oti to programma "QHSEAS 1" edwse me diafaneia poroys sthn topikh aytodioikhsh kai thn odhghse sto na kanei anaptyjiaka erga, me plhrh diafaneia, kaqws oloi gnwrizoyn oti mexri kai to teleytaio eyrw emfanizetai sto diktyako topo toy ypoyrgeioy Eswterikwn.

    Sthn periodo 2005 -2009 edwse 3,5 dis. eyrw, xwris na ypologistoyn oi symprajeis dhmosioy kai idiwtikoy tomea kai to programma ayto qa synexistei gia ta eth 2010 -2014, poy sympiptei kai me to telos toy ESPA.

    Me thn idia logikh qa einai to ycos peripoy 3,7 dis. eyrw, eipe o k. Paylopoylos, shmeiwnontas oti oi dapanes poy den einai epilejimes sto plaisio toy ESPA mporoyn na mpoyn mesw toy QHSEA kai na bohqhsoyn toys OTA.

    Mexri stigmhs apo to programma QHSEAS 1 exoyn symbasiopoihqei 20.700 erga, poy kalyptoyn 3,2 dis. eyrw, dhladh to 92% toy synoloy toy programmatos kai exoyn teleiwsei 7 xiliades erga.

    O k. Paylopoylos kathgorhse tis kybernhseis toy PASOK oti eixan odhghsei thn topikh aytodioikhsh sthn kommatikopoihsh, to marasmo kai thn adiafaneia.

    To 2004, eipe o k. Paylopoylos, otan anelabe h kybernhsh Karamanlh, isxye to programma EPTA, poy edwse 1,7 dis. eyrw me plhrh adiafaneia, to opoio katabaraqrwse oikonomika thn topikh aytodioikhsh, giati kai ellipes htan kai doqhke kata tropo entelws anorqodojo kai me kommatika krithria, enw gia para polla apo ta xrhmata ayta den yphrxan parastatika sto ypoyrgeio Ergasias.

    O k. Paylopoylos eyxaristhse ton yfypoyrgo Qanash Nako, giati afierwse to perissotero kairo ths ypoyrgikhs qhteias toy se ayton ton tomea, ekfrazontas thn pepoiqhsh oti o idios qa odhghsei kai ton QHSEA 2 sthn idia epityxh poreia.

    Ej alloy, o k. Nakos stis dhlwseis toy tonise oti mia kainoyrgia genia ergwn qa arxisei amesws meta tis qerines diakopes kai perissotera apo 25 xiliades erga qa doqoyn sthn topikh aytodioikhsh, prokeimenoy na tonwsei kai thn agora, se mia periodo h opoia einai dyskolh apo oikonomikh apoch.

    Me to "QHSEA 2", tonise o k. Nakos qa proxwrhsoyme akomh perissotero kyriws se erga poy exoyn na kanoyn me tis ypodomes alla kai erga poy gefyrwnoyn tis xrhmatodothseis me to ESPA, kaqws apo ayto to programma den xrhmatodotoyntai meletes.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh gia tis kataggelies toy ypeyqynoy to PASOK Ntinoy Roblia oti to prwto ejamhno toy 2009 exoyn proslhfqei 65 xiliades atoma sto dhmosio tomea, symbasioyxoi kai monimoi, enanti 48 xiliadwn to prwto ejamhno toy 2008, o k. Nakos eipe oti den exei to synolo twn stoixeiwn, alla ejefrase thn apoch oti einai ceydh, kaqws h topikh aytodioikhsh enw xrhsimopoioyse 12,5 xiliades symbasioyxoys ta prohgoymena xronia, fetos qa xrhsimopoihsei 10 xiliades.

    [02] "H oikonomia boyliazei"

    To epixeirhsiako sxedio toy PASOK qa paroysiasei o proedros toy Kinhmatos Giwrgos Papandreoy sth Dieqnh Ekqesh Qessalonikhs, h opoia, opws o idios anefere milwntas se eyreia kommatikh syskech shmera sth Boylh, qa einai h teleytaia prin tis ekloges.

    Th syskech sygkalese o idios o k. Papandreoy prokeimenoy na syzhthqei to periexomeno ths omilias poy qa kanei sth Qessalonikh, alla kai h genikoterh paroysia toy Kinhmatos sth symprwteyoysa.

    Sthn parembash toy sth syskech, o k. Papandreoy tonise oti to epixeirhsiako sxedio poy qa paroysiasei sth DEQ to Septembrio, qa afora to ti qa kanei to PASOK ws kybernhsh, me poia seira kai pws ola ayta poy leei qa ta kanei prajh, legontas olh thn alhqeia sto lao me safhneia.

    O k. Papandreoy anefere kai toys ajones ths oikonomikhs politikhs poy qa efarmosei to PASOK kai aytoi aforoyn:

    1.- Ena sxedio ameshs anatajhs ths oikonomias.

    2.- Th sthrijh ths apasxolhshs kai thn antimetwpish ths anergias.

    3.- Th dikaih anadianomh.

    4.- Ena mesoproqesmo programma dhmosionomikhs ejygianshs kai

    5.- Th dhmioyrgia mias agoras sthn yphresia toy polith me ena neo plaisio epopteias.

    O k. Papandreoy tonise epishs oti stis prosfates ekloges, oi polites edwsan safes mhnyma gia allagh, chfizontas allagh poreias gia th xwra kai na mpei se troxia anaptyjhs, staqerothtas, asfaleias, eynomias kai koinwnikhs synoxhs.

    O proedros toy PASOK eperrice apokleistikh eyqynh sthn kybernhsh ths ND gia thn katastash ths oikonomias, legontas oti h oikonomia boyliazei kai h xwra exei mpei se troxia yfeshs kai sobarotaths dhmosionomikhs ektrophs.

    Symfwna me ton k. Papandreoy, mas perimenei ena poly dyskolo fqinopwro, kaqws parathreitai hdh megalh meiwsh ston toyrismo, thn oikodomikh drasthriothta kai th biomhxanikh paragwgh, enw yparxei kai shmantikh epibradynsh sth daneiodothsh epixeirhsewn kai noikokyriwn.

    Anefere epishs oti ta dhmosionomika stoixeia parapempoyn se plhrh ektroxiasmo, kaqws to tameiako elleimma to prwto ejamhno eftase sta 18 dis. eyrw jepernwntas hdh ton ethsio stoxo.

    Par' ola ayta, opws anefere o k. Papandreoy, h kybernhsh synexizei na pairnei lanqasmena kai anapotelesmatika metra kai epiballei sklhrh forologhsh se baros twn mesaiwn kai xamhlwn strwmatwn, opws ekane me ta prosfata metra, ta opoia ekryce epimelws proeklogika.

    Kai prosqese oti ta metra ayta dieyrynoyn to elleimma ajiopistias toy polith pros thn kybernhsh, h opoia, opws tonise, afhnei anejelegkth thn pelateiakh spatalh toy dhmosioy xrhmatos kai kataspatala toys poroys toy ESPA se draseis amfibolhs apotelesmatikothtas.

    Synenteyjh M.Xrysoxoidh

    Sta 1,125 dis. eyrw ypologizetai to prosqeto kostos me to opoio epibarynqhkan oi oikogeneiakoi proypologismoi kai ta Asfalistika Tameia apo thn apotyxhmenh kybernhtikh politikh gia tis times twn farmakwn poy efarmozetai ta teleytaia 4 xronia to YPAN. Ta stoixeia gia to megeqos ths spatalhs poy exei syntelestei ta teleytaia xronia kai thn ejelijh twn basikwn megeqwn ths farmakeytikhs dapanhs sth xwra mas paroysiasan shmera se synenteyjh typoy sta grafeia toy PASOK o Pol. Ekproswpos Anaptyjhs, M. Xrysoxoidhs, o Grammateas toy Tomea Anaptyjhs, F. Saxinidhs, kai o Eishghths toy KTE Anaptyjhs, A. Katsifaras, me aformh thn prosfath nomoqetikh prwtoboylia toy YPAN gia rizikh anaqewrhsh ths mexri twra akoloyqoymenhs politikhs sthn timologhsh twn farmakwn.

    Symfwna me ta stoixeia poy pareqese o Tomeas Anaptyjhs toy PASOK, apo to 2004 mexri to 2008 h spatalh stis synolikes pwlhseis farmakwn ayjhqhke kata 3 dis. eyrw h 60,44%: apo 5,008 dis. eyrw se 8,035 dis. eyrw. Antistoixa h nosokomeiakh spatalh, apo to 2004 mexri to 2007 sxedon diplasiasthke, apo 837,5 ekat. eyrw eftase sta 1,5 dis. eyrw enw kai sth lianikh h dapanh ayjhqhke kata 2,1 dis. eyrw peripoy 50%. To de kostos ths timologiakhs politikhs poy efarmose h kybernhsh ta teleytaia 5 xronia gia toys katanalwtes kai ta tameia anerxetai se 1,125 dis. eyrw epipleon.

    Symfwna me ta stoixeia poy pareqese to PASOK, oi 40 megales ellhnikes etairies farmakwn eixan ayjhsh 21,73% twn pro forwn kerdwn apo to 2006 sto 2007 kai 12,22% toy tziroy. Epishs, oi 49 etairies farmakapoqhkwn eixan ayjhsh 16,71% twn pro forwn kerdwn apo to 2006 sto 2007 kai 15% toy tziroy.

    O k. Xrysoxoidhs dhlwse sxetika: ``Dystyxws, ta teleytaia xronia anti na exoyme beltiwsh ths poiothtas parembashs toy kratoys sth farmakeytikh agora, eidame na symbainei to akribws antiqeto. Eidame th stadiakh aporryqmish shmantikwn kanonwn poy diepoyn th syntagografhsh kai thn timologhsh toy farmakoy. Ws apotelesma eixame :a) th drastikh anodo ths epiqetikhs syntagografhshs apo pleyras giatrwn gegonos poy se syndyasmo me th stadiakh ghransh toy plhqysmoy odhghse se enan anejelegkto ogko pwloymenwn farmakwn. Mono aytos o paragontas synebale kata 41% gia thn ayjhsh ths ethsias synolikhs farmakeytikhs dapanhs, kai b) thn ayjhsh twn timwn se polla farmakeytika proionta, paragontas poy symbalei kata 25% sth diamorfwsh ths telikhs farmakeytikhs dapanhs. Milame an mh ti allo gia mia plhrh apotyxia ths kybernhtikhs politikhs sto farmako.''

    Programma ``Ejoikonomhsh Kat' Oikon''

    To PASOK ejefrase kat' arxhn thn ikanopoihsh toy poy to YPAN yioqetei ena mikro estw kommati ths synolikhs protashs poy to komma ths Ajiwmatikhs Antipoliteyshs exei eishghqei gia thn prasinh anaptyjh. Paroti omws ta metra einai sth swsth kateyqynsh, gia allh mia fora h kybernhsh kai to YPAN protrexoyn epikoinwniaka xwris na exoyn diasfalisei krisimes parametroys gia thn epityxh ylopoihsh toy programmatos. H kritikh toy PASOK estiazetai sta akoloyqa shmeia:

    H kybernhsh proxwrei se epidomatikoy xarakthra metra th stigmh poy den exei energopoihsei thn yfistamenh nomoqesia me thn opoia enswmatwqhke h koinotikh Odhgia 2002/91/EK gia thn energeiakh apodosh twn ktiriwn, kaqysterwntas proklhtika thn ekdosh toy gnwstoy KENAK. Synepws to programma brisketai se nomoqetiko keno.

    H timh zwnhs den apotelei antikeimeniko krithrio gia ton ypotiqemeno epidiwkomeno stoxo ths koinwnikhs synoxhs. Tetoios stoxos gia thn kybernhsh den yparxei afoy o ypoyrgos espeyse na anakoinwsei oti kai gia osoys meinoyn ejw apo to programma (apo thn idia thn kybernhsh qewroyntai oikonomika eyrwstoi) qa exoyn th dynatothta na ylopoihsoyn tis epembaseis basei forologikwn kinhtrwn (poy qa anakoinwqoyn ki ayta sto mellon).

    H dynatothta, symfwna me thn anakoinwsh, enarjhs ergasiwn apo ton Noembrio einai oysiastika plasmatikh afoy oi en logw ergasies den mporoyn na ginoyn se ktirio poy katoikeitai mesa sthn kardia toy xeimwna. H agwnia ths kybernhshs na deijei oti paragei ergo qa exei oleqria apotelesmata gia toys polites kai se ayton ton tomea kaqws mono proxeiro sxediasmo me terastia kena kai yphresies poy de qa einai etoimes gia thn ylopoihsh mporoyme na perimenoyme mexri ton Noembrio.

    DEH

    Oson afora sth DEH kai thn akyrwsh megalwn ependytikwn sxediwn ths epixeirhshs o k. Xrysoxoidhs dhlwse:

    ``H anikanh kybernhsh ths Neas Dhmokratias den exei prosqesei oyte ena Megabat ta teleytaia xronia sto hlektriko systhma ths xwras. Kaqe xrono anagkazomaste na eisagoyme akribo hlektriko reyma apo tis geitonikes mas xwres pros dojan ths anikanothtas ths kybernhshs kai toy Dioikhth ths, o opoios to mono poy kanei einai na ayjanei tis times twn timologiwn kai na katebazei programmata megalopnoa ta opoia qa klhqoyn na plhrwsoyn oi Ellhnes polites ta epomena xronia. Kaloyme thn kybernhsh, loipon, twra na kinhtopoihsei amesa oles tis diadikasies, gia na ginoyn ependyseis sto xwro ths hlektrikhs energeias sth xwra mas, na prosteqoyn ta anagkaia Megabat, etsi wste to hlektriko mas systhma na einai asfales, na ejasfalizei eparkeia kai na katapolemhsei thn energeiakh ftwxeia sth xwra mas ta epomena xronia.''

    [03] Epikindyno to solarioym

    Oi episthmones, eidikoi se qemata karkinoy dieqnws, anabaqmisan ton kindyno twn syskeywn texnhtoy mayrismatos (solarioym) kai allwn synafwn phgwn ekpomphs yperiwdoys aktinobolias kai tis topoqethsan sthn koryfaia kathgoria kindynoy proklhshs karkinoy, qewrwntas tes toso qanathfores oso to dhlhthrio arseniko kai to aerio moystardas, symfwna me to Galliko Praktoreio.

    Apo to 1992 oi episthmones qewroysan ta solarioym ws "piqanws karkinogona". Omws mia nea meta-analysh 20 episthmonikwn ereynwn, h opoia egine apo th Dieqnh Yphresia Ereynwn gia ton Karkino (monada toy Pagkosmioy Organismoy Ygeias-POY) kai dhmosieythke sto egkyro bretaniko iatriko periodiko ogkologias "Lancet Oncology", symperainei pleon oristika oti o kindynos gia karkino toy dermatos ayjanei kata 75% sta atoma poy jekinoyn to texnhto mayrisma se hlikia katw twn 30 etwn.

    Symfwna me toys episthmones toy POY, oloi oi typoi yperiwdoys aktinobolias prokaloyn anhsyxhtikes metallajeis sta peiramatozwa (pontikia), pragma poy deixnei oti ayth h aktinobolia einai sigoyra karkinogona. Prohgoymenws, mono enas typos yperiwdoys aktinobolias eixe qewrhqei qanathforos.

    H nea katatajh, apo pleyras kindynoy, fernei pleon ta solarioym sthn idia kathgoria epikindynothtas, metajy allwn, me to tsigaro, ton asbesto kai thn hpatitida B. Oi ereynhtes systhnoyn eidika stoys neoys na stamathsoyn th blaberh synhqeia toy texnhtoy mayrismatos, kaqws ta perissotera fwta poy xrhsimopoioyntai sta solarioym kai stis alles sxetikes syskeyes, ekpempoyn kyriws yperiwdh aktinobolia, h opoia prokalei karkino toy dermatos kai twn matiwn.

    Sth nea aysthroterh tajinomhsh antedrase h eyrwpaikh enwsh etairiwn paragwghs kai leitoyrgias solarioym, h epikefalhs ths opoias, Kaqi Mpanks, epemeine oti "den yparxei apodedeigmenh sxesh anamesa sthn ypeyqynh xrhsh twn solarioym kai ston karkino toy dermatos".

    Omws hdh episthmonikes meletes exoyn deijei oti oi neoi poy xrhsimopoioyn taktika ta solarioym, einai oktw fores pio piqano na emfanisoyn melanwma, thn pio fonikh morfh karkinoy toy dermatos. O Pagkosmios Organismos Ygeias exei hdh proeidopoihsei toys neoys katw twn 18 etwn na meinoyn makria apo ta solarioym, enw h Amerikanikh Etairia Karkinoy symboyleyei to idio.

    H Bretanikh Enwsh Dermatologwn xairetise ta porismata ths neas ereynas gia ton ayjhmeno kindyno twn solarioym kai zhthse thn amesh lhch ryqmistikwn metrwn, an kai apefyge na zhthsei thn plhrh katarghsh twn solarioym, proteinontas, se prwth fash toylaxiston, thn kalyterh plhroforhsh toy koinoy, ton periorismo ths xrhshs toys stoys enhlikoys kai thn plhrh apagoreysh toy texnhtoy mayrismatos sta paidia. To skeptiko ths einai oti afoy kai alloi gnwstoi karkinogonoi paragontes den exoyn akoma apagoreytei, den mporei na ginei kati tetoio amesa me ta solarioym.

    Ta solarioym exoyn megalh ejaplwsh sth Boreia Eyrwph kai stis HPA. Gia paradeigma, exei breqei oti 14 ekat. Germanoi 18-45 etwn ta xrhsimopoioyn, enw to ena tetarto toy plhqysmoy se diafores xwres (Gallia, Soyhdia, Belgio k.a.) kata kairoys exoyn xrhsimopoihsei aytes tis syskeyes.


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