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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-08-15

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] H atzenta ths hmeras
  • [02] H Panagia twn Ellhnwn

    [01] H atzenta ths hmeras

  • Episkech prwqypoyrgoy sthn Komothnh:

    09:45 Parakoloyqhsh Qeias Leitoyrgias ston Iero Nao ths Qeotokoy (Istorikh Mhtropolh Komothnhs).

    11:00 Episkech sta erga toy kaqetoy ajona Komothnhs - Nymfaias - Boylgarias.

    12:00 Episkech se oikismo ergatikwn katoikiwn sthn Jylaganh.

    12:45 Jenaghsh sta erga anaskafhs kai anaplashs toy Arxaioy Qeatroy Marwneias.

    19:05 Omilia Prwqypoyrgoy sto Pagkosmio Synedrio Qrakwn (Aiqoysa Amfiqeatroy palias Nomikhs sthn Komothnh).

  • Pagkosmio Synedrio Qrakiwtwn, Komothnh/Komothnh

  • Podosfairo-Antipaloi ellhnikwn omadwn, 21:45 Xerenfen-Fitese (Ollandia, 3h hmera)

    [02] H Panagia twn Ellhnwn

    Einai h Panagia h Megaloxarh, h brefokratoysa, h eleoysa h Qalassinh, h Ekatontapylianh, h Giatrissa, h Myrtidiwtissa, toy Soymela... ma panw ap' ola einai h Panagia h Mana. Apo th mia akrh ths Elladas sthn allh, se boyna, poleis, xwria kai nhsia, kapoia Panagia parhgorei, emcyxwnei kai galhneyei opoion ths gyreyei bohqeia.

    Kai toyth th Mana, th mia kai monadikh, giortazei o xristianikos kosmos, me th megalyterh katanyjh kai lamprothta. To Dekapentaygoysto, xiliades pistwn, me thn cyxh gemath elpida kai katanyjh, prostrexoyn sta ametrhta proskynhmata, opoy litaneyontai oi qaymatoyrges eikones ths Megaloxarhs gia na apoqesoyn th dikh toys ikesia sth xarh Ths.

    Se kaqe dyskolh stigmh ths zwhs mas h Panagia einai h "phgh" ths elpidas mas kai ths ekplhrwshs twn prosdokiwn mas.

    H eorth ths Koimhsews ths Qeotokoy einai hmera xarmolyphs gia ton xristianismo. Einai xarakthristiko to gegonos oti exei perasei sth laografia mas ws qrhskeytiko panhgyri kai oxi ws penqos, giati anaferomaste oxi apla ston qanato, alla sthn koimhsh kai sthn metastash ths Panagias.

    Sthn Thno brisketai o spoydaioteros naos ths Panagias sthn Ellada. Xiliades pistoi kaqe xrono erxontai na proskynhsoyn th Megaloxarh kai o Dekapentaygoystos sto omorfo Kykladonhsi einai eortasmos me terastia qrhskeytikh alla kai eqnikh shmasia.

    H qaymatoyrgh eikona ths Panagias breqhke to 1823 kai h eyresh ths elabe symbolikh ajia ws proaggelos ths anejarthsias kai ths eqnikhs paliggenesias. Argotera, ton Dekapentaygoysto toy 1940, o torpilismos toy eydromoy ``Ellh'' sto limani ths Thnoy synedese ton qrhskeytiko eortasmo me thn enarjh ths epopoiias toy 1940. H Monh Kexroboynioy einai to arxaiotero kai to monadiko en energeia monasthri toy nhsioy.

    Kalogria se ayto to istoriko kastromonasthro htan h adelfh Pelagia, meta apo orama ths opoias breqhke h qaymatoyrgh eikona ths Panagias ths Thnoy. H aiglh poy dinoyn ta spoydaia ayta qrhskeytika mnhmeia sto nhsi einai poly megalh.

    H ekklhsia ths Panagias ths Paraportianhs apotelei to wraiotero deigma kykladitikhs arxitektonikhs. Prokeitai gia ena byzantino nao poy idryqhke ton 15o aiwna kai brisketai sth synoikia toy Kastroy. H idiaiterothta toy einai oti prokeitai gia ena diwrofo oikhma poy apoteleitai apo pente naoys. Oi tesseris einai ktismenoi sto isogeio. Oloi oi naoi exoyn eswterikh epikoinwnia. H ekklhsia phre to onoma Paraportianh logo ths topoqesias poy einai ktismenh. Brisketai sto plai sths portas toy Kastroy. Einai h pio fwtografhmenh ekklhsia twn Kykladwn kai apotelei symbolo gia olo to Aigaio kai oxi mono gia th Mykono.

    To monasthri ths Panagias ths Toyrlianhs brisketai sto grafiko xwrio Anw Mera ths Mykonoy. Idryqhke apo dyo Parianoys monaxoys to 1542. Idiaitera entypwsiako einai to jyloglypto templo toy naoy to opoio kataskeyasthke sth Flwrentia. Sto peribolo ths monhs leitoyrgei ena mikro moyseio sto opoio mporeite na deite ekklhsiastika keimhlia, byzantines kai amfia.

    Sth notia kai apokrhmnh akth ths Amorgoy kai se ycos 300 metrwn apo thn epifaneia ths qalassas, brisketai h Monh ths Panagias ths Xozobiwtissas. H Monh xtismenh anamesa se braxia ekteinetai se mhkos 40 metrwn kai platos 5 metrwn kai einai orath mono apo to pelagos. H xronologia idryshs ths Monhs ypologizetai to 1017 enw anaferetai oti anakainisqhke epi toy byzantinoy aytokratora Alejioy toy A? Komnhnoy (1081- 1118). To onoma ths Monhs prohlqe apo thn parafqora toy onomatos ths polhs Xotziba h Koziba ths Palaistinhs, ap? opoy kai prohlqe h eikona ths Panagias

    Sth Sxoinoysa brisketai to monadikhs omofias omwnymo ekklhsaki ths Panagias ths Akaqhs. Sth Messaria qa deite thn ekklhsia ths Eyaggelistrias. To filojeno ayto nhsi twn Kykladwn apoteloyse kai ton topo poy epelegan oi perifhmoi peirates toy Aigaioy gia na kryftoyn. H monh phre to onoma ths apo th monaxh poy anakalyce th qaymatoyrgh eikona ths Panagias, poy fylassete sto nao.

    To mikro, grafiko ekklhsaki ths Panagias ths Myrtidiwtissas einai ena apo ta pio xarakthristika ths Najoy. Einai xtismeno panw se ena mikro nhsaki liga molis metra apo thn apobaqra toy limanioy kai mazi me thn aylh toy katalambanei olo to xwro panw sto braxo. Etsi, moiazei kyriolektika na epipleei anamesa sta aragmena ploiaria. H prosbash einai dynath mono me barka. H Panagia h Drosianh Brisketai konta sto xwrio Monh Tragaias kai einai enas apo toys pio shmantikoys alla kai pio palioys naoys twn Balkaniwn kai ths Najoy.

    Sthn Kyqno brisketai to Monasthri poy einai afierwmeno sthn Panagia Kanala, th prostatida toy nhsioy. Einai xtismeno sto braxo, konta ston paraqalassio oikismo ths Kanalas, ston opoio edwse kai to onoma toy. Edw fylassetai h metabyzantinhs texnhs eikona ths Panagias, h opoia qewreitai qaymatoyrgh opws martyroyn kai ta tamata twn pistwn. Sthn Panagia Kanala ginetai kai ena apo ta tria megala panhgyria toy Dekapentaygoystoy.

    H Panagia h Ekatontapylianh sthn Paro einai apo ta mnhmeia poy kapoios prepei na dei mia fora toylaxiston kata th diarkeia ths zwhs toy. Ena ejairetikhs arxitektonikhs palaioxristianiko mnhmeio apo ta paliotera se olh th xristianosynh, poy koybalaei thn istoria toy topoy kai denei to arxaio parelqon me to shmera me ton idanikotero tropo.

    Symfwna me thn paradosh aiwnwn kthtores toy naoy ths Panagias ths Ekatontapylianhs, einai oi Agios Kwnstantinos kai Agia Elenh. H shmerinh morfh toy naoy apotelei thn ioystinianeia ekdoxh toy, opws ton apokatesthse sta xronia metajy 1959-1966 o arxaiologos Anastasios Orlandos, oi ereynes toy opoioy apedeijan oti sto xwro yphrxe proteros toy 6oy ai. ieros xristianikos naos, epibebaiwnontas etsi thn paradosh oti h Ekatontapylianh idryqhke apo toys isapostoloys.

    Ejalloy sthn aylh twn kthriakwn egkatastasewn, aristera twn mikrwn khpwn yparxoyn pente ton ariqmo tafoi arxontikwn oikogeneiwn ths Paroy, toy 19oy ai., enw ston idio xwro entafiasqhke kai h Parianh sthn katagwgh, megalh hrwida ths Epanastashs toy 1821, Mantw Mayrogenoys, poy peqane sthn Paro to 1848.

    H Panagia toy Soymela

    Stis plagies toy Bermioy, konta sto xwrio Kastania, brisketai to pneymatiko kentro toy Pontiakoy Ellhnismoy, h Iera Monh ths Panagias Soymela.

    Mia istoria, mia paradosh kai enas qrylos agkaliazoyn to symbolo toy Pontoy, thn Panagia Soymela. Htan o Eyaggelisths Loykas aytos poy xaraje th morfh ths Panagias panw se jylo. H eikona ths Soymela, breqhke meta to qanato toy Loyka sthn Aqhna kai gia ayto to logo, arxika eixe onomastei ws h Panagia h Aqhniwtissa.

    Sto telos toy 4oy aiwna (380- 386) idryqhke sto oros Mela ths Trapezoyntas, to monasthri ths Panagias Soymela, apo toys monaxoys Barnaba kai Swfronio (kata kosmo Basileios kai Swthrxos, qeios kai anicios, katoikoi kai oi dyo Aqhnwn). Me monadika efodia thn pisth, thn epimonh kai thn ergatikothta, oi dyo erhmites monaxoi, katorqwsan na xtisoyn thn ekklhsia ths Soymeliwtissas, skalisth mesa sto boyno. Apo tote egine gnwsth ws PANAGIA SOYMELA (Eis toy Mela-stoy Mela-Soymela).

    Mexri to 1922, yphrje o odhgos, o parhgorhths, o symparastaths, to katafygio kai o emcyxwths twn Ellhnopontiwn. Yphrje epishs enas apo toys shmantikoteroys paragontes diathrhshs ths ellhnikhs glwssas kai taytothtas, kaqws kai ths anazwpyrwshs ths eqnikhs kai qrhskeytikhs syneidhshs twn pistwn.

    O anapantexos jerizwmos, erhmwse mazi me ton alhsmonhto Ponto kai th Bigla ths Soymeliwtissas. Me thn antallagh, ta iera keimhlia paraxwrhqhkan, kai to 1931 ta jeqace kai ta efere sthn Ellada, o Ambrosios o Soymeliwths, ystera apo energeies toy prwqypoyrgoy Eleyqerioy Benizeloy pros thn toyrkikh kybernhsh toy Isment Inonoy.

    Ta fidakia ths Panagias

    Kaqe xrono, to Dekapentaygoysto, h Panagia Lagkoybarda giortazei me ena idiaitero tropo! Mesa sto kalokairi emfanizontai gyrw sthn perioxh akindyna fidia, ta opoia oi pistoi apokaloyn bfidakia ths Panagiasb. Ta fidakia qewroyntai goyrika kai polloi pistoi ta pianoyn afoba kai ta bazoyn panw sto swma toys gia na paroyn ligh apo thn kalh toys tyxh!

    Ta fidakia einai hmera kai akindyna. Exoyn ena mayro stayro sto kefali kai emfanizontai toso gyrw oso kai mesa sto nao ths Panagias Lagkoybardas poy einai gnwsth kai ws bH Panagia me ta fidakiab! Amesws meta to panhgyri omws, ejafanizontai pali! To parajeno ayto fainomeno proselkyei polloys pistoys kaqe xrono!

    O naos ths Panagias sto Markopoylo xtisthke sth qesh palaioteroy gynaikeioy monasthrioy poy katastrafhke apo toys Toyrkoys.

    Monh Boylkanoy

    Sthn koryfh toy ieroy boynoy ths Iqwmhs brisketai to Kaqoliko ths palias Monhs toy Boylkanoy, poy idryqhke kata thn Mesobyzantinh Epoxh (843-1204), enw kata thn paradosh, epi aytokratora toy Leontos G' toy Isayroy to 725 m.X.

    Sthn Toyrkokratia apotelese katafygio kleftarmatolwn, enw eisefere shmantika xrhmatika posa gia ton Agwna kata thn diarkeia ths Ellhnikhs Epanastashs.

    To monasthri, poy einai to monadiko andriko sthn Iera Mhtropolh Messhnias, giortazei dyo fores to xrono. H prwth thn 15h Aygoystoy kai apotelei to dytiko proskynhmatiko kentro twn Messhniwn sth giorth ths Panagias kai h deyterh stis 19 pros 20 Aygoystoy, opoy sthn anamnhsh enos qaymatos ths Panagias mas to 1755 kata to opoio me th qaymatoyrgikh epembash ths swqhke h polh ths Messhnhs apo th foberh arrwstia ths Panoyklas, ginetai kaqodos ths eikonas ths Panagias ths Boylkaniwtissas apo to monasthri ths sthn polh ths Messhnhs. H kaqodos ayth kalyptei 20 xiliometra odoiporias apo klhrikoys kai xiliades xristianwn, poy perpatoyn olh th nyxta synodeyontas th Boylkaniwtissa Kyra.


    Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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