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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-09-11

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Ektakto deltio ths EMY
  • [02] Dhmoskophsh ths Public Issue
  • [03] Egkyklios gia toys eterodhmotes
  • [04] Egkainia toy Proastiakoy ths Qrakhs
  • [05] Oi Hpeirwtes mastores ths petras
  • [06] Episkech ston Pyrgo
  • [07] To prwto koydoyni
  • [08] Gia deyterh qhteia
  • [09] Antimetwph me th Germania

    [01] Ektakto deltio ths EMY

    Ektakto deltio prognwshs epikindynwn kairikwn fainomenwn ejedwse h Eqnikh Metewrologikh Yphresia.

    Isxyres broxes kai kataigides problepontai tis epomenes 36 wres kata topoys sthn anatolikh kai notia Ellada. Eidikotera ta fainomena ayta qa ephreasoyn thn Krhth, thn perioxh twn Kyqhrwn, tis noties Kyklades, ta Dwdekanhsa kai piqanws: tis noties perioxes ths Messhnias kai ths Lakwnias, thn anatolikh Magnhsia, tis boreies Sporades, thn Eyboia, thn anatolikh Sterea (symperilambanontai oi boreies kai anatolikes perioxes ths Attikhs) kai argotera ta nhsia toy anatolikoy Aigaioy.

    Ayrio, ta entona kairika fainomena qa perioristoyn sta nhsia toy boreioy kai anatolikoy Aigaioy kai ta Dwdekanhsa kai apo to meshmeri qa ejasqenhsoyn.

    [02] Dhmoskophsh ths Public Issue

    Me 5,5 posostiaies monades prohgeitai to PASOK enanti ths ND, symfwna me dhmoskophsh ths Public Issue gia ton t/s SKAI.

    Sthn proqesh chfoy h ND sygkentrwnei pososto 35,5%, to PASOK 41%, to KKE 8,5%, o SYRIZA 4%, o LAOS 7% kai oi Oikologoi Prasinoi 2%. To 2% twn erwthqentwn apanta allo komma, akyro, leyko h apoxh.

    Sthn parastash nikhs, to 72% twn erwthqentwn pisteyei oti h kalph qa anadeijei nikhth to PASOKkai to 14% th ND. To ypoloipo 14% den ekfrasei ektimhsh gia to eklogiko apotelesma.

    Me bash ton isxyonta eklogiko nomo, ayta ta pososta qa edinan 151 edres sto PASOK, 96 sth ND, 23 sto KKE, 19 sto LAOS kai 11 sto SYRIZA.

    H dhmoskophsh dienerghqhke metajy 7 kai 8 Septembrioy se deigma 1.001 atomwn.

    [03] Egkyklios gia toys eterodhmotes

    Symfwna me egkyklio toy ypoyrgeioy Eswterikwn poy ekdoqhke en ocei twn epikeimenwn boyleytikwn eklogwn , oi eterodhmotes chfizoyn ston topo diamonhs toys, toys syndyasmoys kai toys ypochfioys ths eklogikhs perifereias, stoys basikoys eklogikoys katalogoys ths opoias einai eggegrammenoi.

    Analoga me ton ariqmo twn eterodhmotwn mporoyn na systaqoyn amigh h meikta eklogika tmhmata.

    Amigh eklogika tmhmata dhmioyrgoyntai otan o ariqmos twn eterodhmotwn poy proerxontai apo thn idia basikh eklogikh perifereia einai megalos.

    Meikta eklogika tmhmata dhmioyrgoyntai otan o ariqmos twn eterodhmotwn apo diafores basikes eklogikes perifereies einai mikros.

    Eidikotera, sta meikta eklogika tmhmata chfizoyn eterodhmotes, proerxomenoi apo perissoteres ths mias basikes eklogikes perifereies.

    Oi eklogeis poy perilambanontai stoys eidikoys eklogikoys katalogoys eterodhmotwn, apagoreyetai na chfisoyn sto Dhmo h thn Koinothta, stoys basikoys eklogikoys katalogoys twn opoiwn einai eggegrammenoi.

    Oi antiproswpoi ths dikastikhs arxhs twn meiktwn eklogikwn tmhmatwn eterodhmotwn, ofeiloyn amesws, to idio brady, meta to peras ths chfoforias, na metaferoyn oi idioi kai na paradwsoyn ton eklogiko sako sto Efeteio ths edras toy tmhmatos.

    H amesh ayth metabash sto Efeteio einai epibeblhmenh, prokeimenoy na ginei apo to Efeteio h dialogh twn chfwn kai etsi na diabibastoyn oso to dynaton pio grhgora ta apotelesmata twn meiktwn eklogikwn tmhmatwn sta prwtodikeia twn basikwn eklogikwn perifereiwn.

    [04] Egkainia toy Proastiakoy ths Qrakhs

    Nea dedomena sto sygkoinwniako skhniko ths Akritikhs Qrakhs, dhmioyrgei h leitoyrgia toy proastiakoy sidhrodromoy, o opoios qa ejyphrethsei xiliades katoikoys twn akritikwn nomwn, parexontas toys fqhnes, grhgores kai asfaleis metakinhseis.

    Ta egkainia toy Proastiakoy Qrakhs pragmatopoihqhkan xqes, se mia lith teleth, paroysia plhqoys ekproswpwn ths politikhs, ths topikhs aytodioikhshs, kaqws kai ths oikonomikhs kai koinwnikhs zwhs ths Qrakhs.

    Sto sidhrodromiko diktyo mhkoys peripoy 120 xiliometrwn, o Proastiakos enwnei metajy toys tis treis akritikes prwteyoyses ths Qrakhs, kaqws kai ta kyriotera hmiastika kentra twn triwn nomwn. Se syndyasmo kai me ta kaqhmerina diaperifereiaka dromologia apo Aqhna kai apo Qessalonikh, ta 8 nea dromologia toy neoy Proastiakoy Qrakhs dhmioyrgoyn ena plhrws apodotiko kai antagwnistiko plegma dromologiwn.

    Me xronoys diadromhs poy den yperbainoyn ta 33 lepta gia to tmhma Janqh - Komothnh kai ta 58 lepta gia to tmhma Komothnh - Alejandroypolh, kaqws kai me to xamhlo komistro poy jekina apo 0,80 b¬, to treno anadeiknyetai pleon se kyrio meso metaforas gia toys polites twn perioxwn ths Qrakhs.

    [05] Oi Hpeirwtes mastores ths petras

    Extisan kastra kai politeies, ekklhsies me troyloys kai ejagwna kwdwnostasia se ena paignidisma ths daimonias texnhs toys. Tzamia kai ychloys minaredes, palatia gia toys mpehdes kai toys agades. Arxontika, bryses kai dejamenes steganes. Myloys, foyrnoys, petrina phgadia, pyrgoys kai ydragwgeia, gefyria monotoja kai polytoja poy o qeaths menei ekqambos mprosta sto kallos kai th megaloprepeia twn ktismatwn h entromos apo thn tolmh twn Metewrwn opoy h laikh arxitektonikh metewristhke se dysqewrhta ych. Kataskeyasan erga idiwtika, erga dhmosia, tapeina kai dojasmena sto xrono me mia ghgenh arxitektonikh aisqhtikh kai ajiwqhkan na ginoyn myqos kai dhmotiko tragoydi.

    Ola ayta me liqanaglyfa kaqe eidoys apolhjhs, opoy ekfrazotan enas oloklhros kosmos goystoy, kahmoy kai tryferothtas twn mastorwn ths Hpeiroy. Ta erga toys, skorpismena epi aiwnes se topoys kontinoys, alla kai se xwres makrines, miloyn apo mona toys gia tis arxitektonikes toys aretes kai thn kallitexnikh toys ajia.

    H texnh ths petras

    Opws shmeiwnei o laografos Basilhs Margarhs, sthn Hpeiro gia poikiloys logoys, poy synartwntai kyriws me tis gewgrafikes parametroys ths - thn oreinh kai daswdh ths synqesh, to petrino kai agono ths edafos -, "o plhqysmos strafhke kata toys teleytaioys aiwnes se sygkekrimenh epaggelmatikh troxia, dieprece kai syxna prwteyse sth xwra mas se polloys tomeis twn dhmioyrgikwn ekeinwn texnwn poy briskontai sta kraspeda ths kallitexnikothtas kai sygxronws anhkoyn sthn paradosh toy topoy mas".

    H xersa kai agonh gh toys chla ston Grammo kai ton Smolika se synarthsh me mia poikilia gewgrafikwn kai koinwnikwn paragontwn - synexeis plhqysmiakes metakinhseis, epidromes, klp- staqhke h basikh aitia na egkataleicoyn oi katoikoi twn xwriwn kata ton 16o aiwna thn kthnotrofia kai th gewrgikh kalliergeia kai na strafoyn se alles, perissotero prosodofores apasxolhseis, se texnikes drasthriothtes opws h epejergasia ths petras, h jyloglyptikh kai h agiografia poy mporoysan na ejaskhsoyn makria apo ta spitia toys kai ta xwria toys.

    Organwnontan, etsi, se synektikes omades me syggeniko tis perissoteres fores baqro, (mpoyloykia, synafia, tsoyrmo, h ntaifades) kai me mia, sygxronws ejeidikeymenh bash (xtistes, jyloyrgoi, siderades, ntamartzhdes, klp) kai tajideyan sthn Hpeiro, th Qessalia, th Makedonia kai meta eftanan ws ta Balkania, thn Persia, thn India kai ws thn Afrikh, akomh kai tis Hnwmenes Politeies.

    Oi mastores

    "Olh toys h texnh htan mia lejh: arga. Oso pio arga doyleyan, toso pio kaloi mastoroi htan. Tragoydoysan kai sfyrizan sto pelekhma gia na jexnioyntai kai na mh biazontai. Glentoysan thn argada toys. Qymamai ton patera moy poy 'lege: ``mia zoyrlotsoykania, mia mera doyleia``, mia asxhmh kalemia hqele parapanw wres doyleia", dihgeitai o mastoras Dhmos Flindrhs.

    Aytos o ntopios laikos texniths, o koydarhs, o Hpeirwths texniths tajideyths, yphrje o siwphros, afanhs dhmioyrgos toy eqnikoy oikodomhmatos kai akoloyqhse, qarreis apo enstikto, mia meqodo sofh. Anti na agnohsei th fysh, na thn kontrarei, protimhse na syndialegetai mazi ths.

    Oi texnites, oi "Filoi toy Qeoy" opws toys apokaloysan oi Toyrkoi, apolambanan ths ypolhchs kai toy sebasmoy kai apo ton lao kai apo ton Toyrko kyriarxo. Kiniontoysan eleyqera kai thn eyqynh ths zwhs toys thn eixan oi topikoi arxontes, mpehdes kai agades, ejaitias ths idiaiterhs eidikeyshs toys. To wrario ergasias toys htan ejantlhtiko gia ayto kai oloi toys htan jerakianoi, adynatoi, hliokamenoib¦spaqatoi.

    Oi anqrwpoi aytoi htan sklhragwghmenoi oreinoi plhqysmoi me troxismeno to myalo toys apo thn elleich agaqwn poy me feidw toys pareixe h agonh patrida toys Toys diakrine to ojy pneyma, alla kai h parathrhtikothta kai h filergia kai ypomonh gia na antimetwpisoyn tis poikiles antijoothtes ths zwhs. Htan oikonomoi, timioi stis synallages toys, filhsyxoi kai nomotageis. Htan filoskwmmones, filopaigmones, eyfyologoi, poy apo thn elleich opoiasdhpote morfwsews eftanan sth xontrh satira. Askoysan san texnites thn "texnh twn texnwn" thn arxitektonikh, poy plaisiwnetai sto fysiko periballon, apo opoy empneetai o laikos texniths. Ekanan, opws eipame, thn katallhloterh epejergasia kai xrhsh twn ylikwn, poy synantoysan stoys topoys ths ergasias toys kai symfwna me tis topikes synqhkes kai tis anagkes fyteyan ekei ta ayqormhta arxitektonika sxedia, poy gennoyse h idiofyia toys, bohqoymenoi apo th makrinh kai endojh paradosh.

    Ta mpoyloykia

    Oi mastores ths petras, oi Koydaraioi kioproylhdes opws toys apokaloysan apo th synqhmatikh toys glwssa (koyda=petra) poy "b¦xtoysane ton kosmo olo, xtoysane kai ta giofyria toy", "bastoysan" apo tis praes, myriodaswmenes kai polybryses plagies toy Grammoy apo ta xwria twn "Koydarewn", ta xwria twn ktistwn, ta jakoysta Mastoroxwria ths Pyrsogiannhs, ths Boyrmpianhs.

    Organwmenoi se parees doyleias, ta perifhma mpoyloykia, "orgwnan" thn Ellada, alla kai kaqe gwnia ths Balkanikhs kai extizan ekklhsies, spitia, tzamia, kampanaria, arxontika, kastra, myloys, xania kai gefyria.

    Ta mpoyloykia twn mastorwn - oi syntexnies - sthrizontan leitoyrgika sto eqimiko dikaio, se agrafoys, aysthroys kanones kai se mia aparabath ierarxia: maqhtoydia, tsirakia, kalfades, arxikalfades, mastoroi. Sthn koryfh epikefalhs toy mpoyloykioy briskotan o prwtomastoras (arximastoras) o opoios eprepe na sygkentrwnei sygkekrimenes ikanothtes kai dejiothtes. Na einai eyrhmatikos, organwtikos, sxediasths me kallitexniko enstikto kai dhmioyrgikh eikastikh ekfrastikothta, na exei tolmhrh fantasia, na einai kapatsos sthn ektelesh dyskolwn ergasiwn, alla kai sto pazarema ths doyleias. Ta erga toy xarazontan epi topoy me mono metro ton anqrwpo kai tis anagkes toy. To xrhsimo, to aparaithto. O idios frontize gia thn ejeyresh ergasias, thn plhrwmh twn mastorwn kai epistatoyse genika sto mpoyloyki. Ergazotan kai aytos syxna sta qemelia ths oikodomhs, stis prosoceis kai stis gwnies poy "kleidwnan" ta agkwnaria. Ta qemelia ths oikodomhs, o "mpinas" sta toyrkika, htan poly ychlh ypoqesh gia na thn afhsei stoys alloys mastores. An ta qemelia htan h bash ths zwhs toy ergoy toy laikoy texnith, oi prosoceis, oi gwnies, htan h bitrina, h doja ths doyleias toy.

    Oi aneidikeytoi ergates, ta tsirakia toy mpoyloykioy, eftiaxnan th lasph kai koybaloysan me to phlofori thn eidikh jylinh skafh poy legotan gkobat, gi' ayto kai legontan gkobatzhdes.

    Allh ergasia twn maqhteyomenwn htan na spane kai na koybaloyn me ta zwa tis petres, asbesth kai ammo, agkwnaria h prekia (anwflia) kai katwflia gia portes kai paraqyra, kai na maqainoyn konta stoys mastoroys thn texnh, to zanati (zanatzhs=texniths).

    Doyleyan stoys diatetagmenoys xwroys ths ergasias apo thn anatolh toy hlioy mexri th dysh, pote xwris fai, poy htan panta ypologismeno sto merokamato toys. Doyleyan me ta ylika poy eixe kaqe topos kai to aytosxedio latomeio. Doyleyan periodika apo tis apokries mexri to Noembrh, opote kai gyrizan sto "memleketi", thn idiaiterh patrida toys.

    Oi perissoteroi htan teleiws agrammatoi, xwris thn paramikrh mhxanikh gnwsh. Kai omws o prwtomastoras htan o arxitektonas toy ergoy.

    Kata tis apanwtes ejormhseis toys gia doyleia xrhsimopoioysan th synqhmatikh glwssa, ta koydaritika, gia na mhn toys katalabainoyn oi ekastote ergodotes kai genika oi tritoi. Etsi "Koyfio" htan h oikodomh, "Kritselhs" to apoxwrhthrio, "Qodwra" to tsipoyro, "Mayromates" oi elies kai "Apalo" to ladi.

    Oi mastoroi ektos apo ta ergaleia toys erixnan sto dermatino sako toys to tsoki, to sfyri, poy sta dialeimmata ths doyleias to pernoysan sto zwnari. To tsoki htan to prwto ergaleio poy klhrodoteitai apo patera se paidi, symbolizontas th metabash ths texnhs apo th mia genia sthn allh.

    Xrhsimopoioysan to toyblo kai to keramidi sta baltwdh kai toys kampoys, tis petres kai tis plakes apo marmarygiako sxistoliqo sta oreina kai ta petrwdh, kai ta afqona jyla twn daswn, gia tis jylodesies, opoy extizan jeroliqia dixws lasph. Kai einai na aporei kaneis pws steriwsan triwrofa arxontika me jeroliqia. H stereothta twn toixwn ejhgeitai me th swsth kataskeyh toys, th dynatoterh edrash kai to kalytero synarmologhma twn liqwn.

    O apoxwrismos

    H anaxwrhsh twn mpoyloykiwn ginotan synhqws thn anoijh kai sygkekrimena Kaqarodeytera kai h epistrofh to fqinopwro. Thn Trith den jekinoyse kanenas giati to eixan gia groysoyzia. O topos toy apoxwrismoy opoy ginotan to jeprobodisma qymize atmosfaira arxaias tragwdias. "Nterti" kai "manthla" legotan to shmeio toy misemoy. Gynaikes poy moirologoysan, antres poy dakryzan sth gwnia, manades kai paterades - geroi - me baria kardia, sxoliaropaida, syggeneis kai xwrianoi kai o papas poy eylogoyse to teleytaio kolatsio twn jenitemenwn kai to polymhno tajidi, prosdokoysan oloi kai proseyxontan gorga na diabei o kairos, na gyrisoyn oi antres kala kai "kazantismenoi" (matswmenoi). Manthlia poy anemizan kai epeita oi gynaikes gyrizan sto spiti topoqetwntas panw stis ejwportes mikra klaria apo kranies kai kerdoys kai stayrokopoymenes me eyxes gia toys tajidemenoys.

    Ta Mastoroxwria

    H apo patera se paidi diadoxh ths texnhs ekane na metadoqei ayth se xwria kai eyryteres perifereies xwriwn poy fhmisthkan ws Mastoroxwria. Ayta einai ta mastoroxwria sthn perifereia Debolh - Korytsas - Opari, poy mastores apo ekei extisan mazi me ntopioys apo to Pentalofo ths Kozanhs kai to Mpelkameni ths Flwrinas, kyriws th Dytikh Makedonia. Mastoroxwria ths Koliwnias, pera apo ton Awo, thn Mporoba, Rexoba, Stika, Skoroboti, Gkostibitsi, orqodojoi albanofwnoi poy extisan ta chlokremasta Monasthria toy Agioy Oroys kai twn Metewrwn. Meta ta Mastoroxwria twn Tzoymerkwn kai ta Mastoroxwria twn Xoyliaradwn.

    Telos, ta jakoysta Mastoroxwria ths Konitsas me th Boyrmpianh, thn Pyrsogiannh, th Stratsanh, thn Kastanianh, to Kerasobo, to Kantsiko, ta Zerma, th Molista kai ta tosa alla xwria me toys fhmismenoys mastoroys toy poy jesynerizontan pws xtisane ton kosmo olo.

    Dromoi kai perasmata sta Mastoroxwria

    Mexri kai ton emfylio poy eginan oi prwtoi aytokinhtodromoi, h sygkoinwnia sta Mastoroxwria ths Konitsas paremene prwtogonh. Oi perissoteroi dromoi htan monopatia poy eixan dhmioyrghqei me to syxno perasma twn zwwn. Ta mona mesa sygkoinwnias htan ta zwa, gaidoyria kai moylaria. Ta gefyria htan elaxista kai otan oi xeimarroi katebazan nero, synebainan syxna moiraia dystyxhmata. H katastash ayth epebale sxedon plhrh apomonwsh sta xwria kai oikonomia aytarkeias me xamhlo biotiko epipedo.

    Tropos ergasias - "mpajisia"

    Oles oi ergasies opoioydhpote oikodomhmatos ginontan ej oloklhroy apo to mpoyloyki h thn parea: apo thn ejoryjh ths petras mexri thn apoperatwsh toy ergoy. Ena oloklhro melissoloi phgainoerxotan akatapaysta olh mera. Basika ylika toys htan h petra, h lasph apo nero, ammos kai asbesths. Kai gia na "denei" perissotero to yliko, kyriws sthn kataskeyh gefyriwn, prosqetan aspradi aygoy h trixes zwwn. Ta aparaithta kai xrhsima ergaleia polla kai poikila: to kalemi, to sfyri, to alfadi, to trigwno, h arida, to makoni, h gwnia, to tsokanthri, to skeparni, o kolaoyzos, to matsakoni, h tsapa, to prioni kai to phlofori.

    Se kaqe ergo kai idiaitera sthn oikodomh, dyo htan oi pio shmantikes stigmes: ta qemelia kai h stegh. Sta qemelia diabazotan apo ton papa agiasmos. Sto prwto agkwnari xarazan enan stayro kai katw apo thn petra ebazan metalliko nomisma. Akoyloyqoysan kerasmata apo to noikokyrh kai toys syggeneis toy, ta opoia htan "tyxera" twn mastorwn. Epishs, ekoban sfagia kai me to aima rantizan ta qemelia. To afentiko etoimaze kai to prwto "ziafeti" (trapezi - glenti). To deytero "ziafeti" prosferotan otan to xtisimo eftane sto patwma kai to trito sto telos ths doyleias.

    H pio sygkinhtikh stigmh kai gia to noikokyrh kai gia toys mastoroys htan otan to spiti eftane sth skeph. Edw yphrxe mia oloklhrh teleth poy onomazotan "mpajisia" h "mantilwmata": Oi mastoroi esthnan dyo megaloys jylinoys stayroys antikrista panw sth stegh kai edenan skoini tentwmeno gia na kremoyn ta "mpajisia" (dwra) toy afentikoy, twn syggenwn kai twn filwn. Ayta htan synhqws yfasmata, poykamisa, petsetes, mantilia, ola gia toys mastoroys poy ta moirazontan metajy toys.

    O prwtomastoras h enas allos brontofwnos texniths, pairnontas kaqena dwro toy, prosfwnoyse me tono melwdiko, enw oi alloi mastoroi xtypoysan me skeparnia h sfyria panw sta jyla gia na sigontaroyn ayton poy elege:

    "Eeee, kalws orise to mpajisi toy b¦.(to onoma toy dwrhth) poy efere gia thn agaph toy pros to afentiko kai thn ektimhsh stoys mastoroys. Na zhsei, na xairetai ta paidia toy kai o,ti epiqymei.

    Osa loyloydia toy Magioy

    Kai fylla exoyn ta dentra,

    Xortara ths ghs, ammos ths qalassas,

    Caria toy gialioy kai potamoi megaloi,

    Tosa kala kai agaqa na toy dwkei o Qeos.

    Eyxaristoyme gia to dwro toyb¦."

    Erga kai hmeres

    Oi kataskeyes kai ta erga twn mastorwn ths Konitsas einai tosa polla kai poikila, wste dikaia emeine h frash oti aytoi "extisan ton kosmo".

    Ycwsan lampra monasthria opws: h monh ths Zermas, h monh Stomioy, h monh ths Panagias Molybdoskepasths, peritexnes ekklhsies opws: toy Agioy Nikolaoy Pyrsogiannhs kai plhqos alles, kampanaria opws sth Filippiada kai sth Dhmhtsana, seragia pasadwn sto xwro ths Hpeiroy kai ths Albanias, spitia arxontika kai apla. Gefyria kataplhktika, aiwroymena panw apo ormhtika potamia: monotoja opws ths Konitsas, ditoja opws toy Kantsikoy kai tritoja opws toy Zagorioy. Petrines bryses, synhqws sto kentro toy xwrioy, topo synanthshs twn gynaikwn gia antlhsh neroy h gia plysimo twn royxwn. Eftiajan myloys, foyrnoys kai petrina phgadia, anagkaia sthn kaqhmerinh toys zwh. Akoma kai faroys ektisan opws aytos sto Loytraki sto Hraio akrwthrio, kai apo tis arxes toy 20oy aiwna ebalan th sfragida toys se polla erga ths Aqhnas, opws h apoperatwsh toy naoy ths Panagias Xrysosphliwtisshs, h prosoch ths Eqnikhs Trapezas, to nosokomeio "Eyaggelismos". Ergo Konitsiwtwn mastorwn einai kai to roloi ths plateias twn Iwanninwn, h Parhgorhtissa ths Artas kai alla. Stis HPA (Ntitroit) kai sthn Persia hpeirwtes mastoroi ekanan ergasies dianoijhs sidhrodromikwn grammwn h ektisan gefyres.

    Gefyria

    Dyo foboys eixe panta o Hpeirwths. Apo th mia toys lhstes kai apo thn allh to kako synapanthma me adiabata potamia. Kai an gia toys prwtoys den mporoyse na kanei tipote, gia ta deytera, oneireyotane gefyria petrina poy eprepe bebaia na sthsei monos toys.

    Gia toys Koydaraioys mastores to xtisimo toy gefyrioy apoteloyse jexwristh periptwsh. Ta erga toys den proerxontan apo kanena sxediasthrio, alla xarazontan epi topoy me mono metro ton anqrwpo kai tis anagkes toy. Ta erga twn laikwn arxitektonwn martyroyn epimeleia, gnwsh kai peira stoxastikoy kallitexnh. Kai oi aretes aytes toys edinan to aisqhma toy metroy se shmeio poy h proswpikothta toys den ephrease aytareska to dhmioyrghma toys. An h aytaparnhsh ayth ths proswpikothtas toys sbhnei th mnhmh twn laikwn arxitektonwn, dinei wstoso sta erga toys ajia istorikh poy rizwnei kai taytizetai me thn eqnikh klhronomia.

    Monotoja, ditoja, polytoja, gefyria hpeirwtika, dhmioyrghmata poy briskontai sthn paradosh toy topoy mas. Petrina ola toys kai qolwta, "kadrarismena sthn aiwniothta toy platanoy", laikes kataskeyes apo toys perifhmoys mastoroys, toys arxontes ths petras poy brhkan to swsto metro, me apotelesma na metoysiwqoyn se erga texnhs.

    Ayta ta gefyria aplwmena sthn Ellada kai eidika sthn Hpeiro me to toso agrio kai agono topo, employtisan kai proekteinan to hpeirwtiko topio. Epeidh akribws den yphrjan jena protypa kai peirasmos gia mimhsh, alla kai oyte ta texnika ekeina mesa, krathqhke h sxesh xwroy kai dhmioyrghmatwn toy anqrwpoy, topioy kai gefyrioy. Ta petrogefyra ta xarakthrizoyn h poikilia morfwn kai h endeijh fantasias toy laikoy texnith.

    "Ta erga twn laikwn arxitektonwn martyroyn epimeleia, gnwsh kai peira stoxastikoy kallitexnh. Fanerwnoyn thn pisth, thn agaph kai to sebasmo poy etrefan pros thn texnh toys. Kai oi aretes aytes toys edinan to aisqhma toy metroy se shmeio poy h proswpikothta toys den ephrease aytareska to dhmioyrghma toys, oyte despoze se baros ths oysiastikhs ajias toy ergoy", opws shmeiwnetai sth "Laikh Ellhnikh Arxitektonikh" toy Panoy Nikolh Tzeleph.

    Symfwna me to Arxeio Hpeirwtikwn Gefyriwn, o ariqmos gefyriwn poy exoyn katagrafei kai melethqei ston eyrytero xwro ths Hpeiroy einai 431, ek twn opoiwn ston nomo Iwanninwn ftanoyn ta 295.

    "Osa emaqa na maqeis kai osa epaqa na paqeis"

    Oi eggrafes martyries gia thn katagwgh twn aeimnhstwn kthtorwn - mastorwn einai elaxistes. Den kynhghsan thn ysterofhmia kai etsi den diaswqhke to "epoiei", ektos kapoias xronologias poy synhqizan na skalizoyn sta yperqyra twn spitiwn.

    An omws ta grapta tekmhria einai elaxista, afqones einai oi paradoseis.

    Ta palaiotera petrina spitia ths Stereas Elladas, ths Eyboias, ths Qessalias, ths Makedonias, ths Qrakhs, ths Mikras Asias ktisqhkan kata to pleiston apo Hpeirwtes, tonize o istorikos Kwstas Faltaits. Oi Koydaraioi texnites apo thn Konitsa kayxiontoysan oti ta paliotera kai ta kalytera spitia kai ta dhmosia megara ths Aqhnas kai toy Peiraia ta ektisan aytoi. O typos toy strerfogalaroy spitioy, me tojwtes acides stis portes kai ta paraqyra, einai asfalws Hpeirwtikos.

    "Ta mpoyloykia twn mastorwn konta sta 1935, eixan ligostecei. Eixe spasei to palio, den ebgazan lefta. Ligostecan kai oi kaloi pelekanoi. Sa na poyme sterece h phgh. Apo ekei kai ystera kanenas den emaqe pelekhma. Mono mpeta kai kaloypia jeroyn oi kainoyrgioi mastoroi. Sta xamena, den einai texnh ta tsimenta. Tote poy les kai me to Metaja ystera, xalasan ta mpoyloykia, xalase kai h texnh kai arxise o kaqenas na doyleyei gia parth toyb¦." ( dihghsh toy mastora Takh Gkoynth, 1974).

    "O mellwn gia na dhmioyrghsei neoellhnikh arxitektonikh as rwthsei toys kalfades (Kalfas= o praktikos arxitektonas sta toyrkika), as symboyleytei prwta aytoys poy sta xwria kai to sxedio dinoyn kai xtizoyn spitia, as toys rwthsei me poio tropo xtizoyn kai epeita as prospaqhsei na teleiopoihsei thn texnh toys" (I. Dragoymhs, Neoellhnikos politismos.

    To Moyseio Hpeirwtwn Mastorwn

    Skarfalwmena panw apo thn polh ths Konitsas me kateyqynsh pros borra aplwnontai ta jakoysta Mastoroxwria, Me qea thn koryfh toy Smolika o dromos odhgei sta aristera gia to megalytero xwrio twn Mastoroxwriwn thn Pyrsogiannhs.

    Ligo pio panw apo thn kentrikh plateia, to dipato petrino ktirio toy palaioy sxoleioy ths Pyrsogiannhs, poy xtisthke to 1927 kai anakainisthke prosfata, stegazei to Eqnologiko Moyseio Hpeirwtwn Mastorwn, to opoio apotelei mia shmantikh syneisfora sthn agnwsth istoria twn Hpeirwtwn mastorwn ths petras.

    To Moyseio perilambanei spanio yliko apo thn texnikh, th mystikh glwssa (ta koydaritika), ta dromologia, ta ergaleia, ta symfwnhtika kai tis kataskeyes twn mastorwn ths petras. To yliko poy ektiqetai sto Moyseio Mastorwn ths Petras ths Pyrsogiannhs apotelei mia systhmatikh katagrafh ths topikhs arxitektonikhs, twn ylikwn kaqe perioxhs kai twn aisqhtikwn reymatwn twn triwn teleytaiwn aiwnwn sta Balkania.

    Sto Moyseio shmera ginontai erga synthrhshs kai anamenetai syntoma na anoijei gia to koino. Gia perissoteres plhrofories, oi endiaferomenoi mporoyn na apeyqynqoyn sto Dhmarxeio Mastoroxwriwn me edra thn Pyrsogiannh. Thl. (26550) 31269, 31112 Moyseio (26550) 31297

    Keimeno: Seferiadhs G.

    [06] Episkech ston Pyrgo

    Sto Pyrgo qa milhsei to brady o k. G. Karatzaferhs. To prwi, enocei ths enarjhs ths neas sxolikhs xronias, qa episkefqei to 6o Bioklimatiko Sxoleio sto Palaio Falhro.

    Ypochfios me to LAOS sth B' Peiraiws, qa einai o prwhn dieqnhs podosfairisths Giwrgos Anatolakhs, opws anakoinwqhke meta th synanthsh toy me ton proedro toy kommatos, Giwrgo Karatzaferh.

    "Xairomai poy o G. Anatolakhs qa dwsei mazi mas th sklhrh maxh ths 4hs Oktwbrioy. Emeis oloi qa paijoyme epiqesh kai ekeinos qa analabei thn amyna, kai idiaitera thn amyna enantia sta problhmata poy perikleioyn th neolaia mas. Jerei kalytera apb ton kaqena ta nea paidia, mia poy ta paidia ton agapane kai yphrje indalma oxi mono ston Olympiako, ej oy kai h kaqodos toy sth B' Peiraia, alla kai san aqlhths ths Eqnikhs Ellados", dhlwse o proedros toy LAOS kai yposxeqhke "ekplhjeis" mexri thn epomenh Trith, teleytaia hmera ypobolhs ypochfiothtwn.

    Ejalloy, egine gnwsto oti o Hlias Cinakhs den qa einai telika ypochfios me ton LAOS stis prosexeis eqnikes ekloges.

    "Me ton k. Cinakh diereynhsame thn dynatothta ths kaqodoy toy stis prosexeis ekloges. O xronos epwasews ths ideas den htan arketos gia telikes apofaseis", dhlwse o k. Karatzaferhs kai prosqese:

    "O LAOS, epimenei sthn apoch toy gia thn proseggish twn mh politikopoihmenwn politwn, idiaiterws neoterwn hlikiwn me thn epistrateysh atomwn poy exoyn aphxhsh se ayton ton xwro. H Dhmokratia qa dokimastei sto prosexes diasthma. Oso perissotero einai aplwmenh toso perissotero qa antejei stis proklhseis ths Neas Tajhs Pragmatwn".

    [07] To prwto koydoyni

    ``Kanonika qa anoijoyn ta sxoleia, alla ean yparjei anagkh, qa prepei na mh fobhqoyme na ta kleisoyme'', tonise o ypoyrgos Ygeias, Dhmhtrhs Abramopoylos, meta th synedriash toy Eqnkoy Symboylioy Pandhmias Griphs kai shmeiwse oti apo thn ws twra empeiria me toys brefonhpiakoys staqmoys, h katastash einai elegxomenh.

    Wstoso, analogws toy ariqmoy twn kroysmatwn se ena sxoleio, h eidikh episthmonikh epitroph toy Ypoyrgeioy qa apofasizei an qa kleinei mia tajh, h oloklhro to sxoleio. Antiqeta, me to prwto kroysma qa kleinoyn ta sxoleia paidiwn me eidikes anagkes (idiwtika kai dhmosia) kai malista ta ypoloipa paidia qa lambanoyn prolhptikh agwgh me antiiika farmaka.

    H kaqhghtria Paqologias, loimwjiologos, Elenh Giamareloy, dhlwse oti h apofash na mhn kleisoyn ta sxoleia basisthke sto paradeigma twn HPA kai ths Aystralias. Allwste, an lambanotan apofash na mhn anoijoyn ta sxoleia, ta paidia qa eprepe na parameinoyn sto spiti gia toylaxiston dyo mhnes, ews otoy emboliastoyn, kati poy einai dyskolo na thrhqei. Epishs, h apofash dikaiologeitai apo to gegonos oti ginetai logos gia ``elafria pandhmia''.

    O ypoyrgos tonise oti se kaqe periptwsh qa yparxei synexhs ajiologhsh twn dedomenwn kai qa lambanontai oi aparaithtes apofaseis. Ypogrammise de, pws elpizei ``na mhn yparjoyn trigmoi gia th nea griph proeklogika, giati to qema prepei na meinei ejw apo politikes antiparaqeseis''.

    Shmeiwnetai ta epibebebaiwmena kroysmata ths neas griphs jeperasan sthn Ellada tis 2.000. Symfwna me to KEELPNO, 105 nea peristatika epibebaiwqhkan ergasthriaka thn teleytaia ebdomada anebazontas to synoliko ariqmo twn kroysmatwn se 2101. ``H drasthriothta ths griphs brisketai se elafrws meiwmena epipeda, sygkritika me thn prohgoymenh ebdomada'', anakoinwqhke apo to Kentro.

    Thlefwnikh grammh 1550

    To Ypoyrgeio Paideias sto plaisio twn metrwn prolhchs kata ths diasporas ths griphs se oles tis ekpaideytikes baqmides, anakoinwse thn enarjh leitoyrgias ths thlefwnikhs grammhs me ariqmo ``1550'' apo shmera, hmera enarjhs ths fetinhs sxolikhs xronias.

    H nea thlefwnikh grammh stelexwnetai apo epimorfwmeno proswpiko kai stoxeyei sthn paroxh enhmerwshs pros thn ekpaideytikh koinothta, kaqws kai pros oloys toys foreis armodiothtas toy Ypoyrgeioy Eqnikhs Paideias & Qrhskeymatwn

    Se etoimothta to Ypoyrgeio Paideias

    H genikh grammateas toy Ypoyrgeioy Paideias Nikh Gkotsopoyloy, afoy eyxhqhke kalh xronia, dhlwse oti to Ypoyrgeio me tis Kentrikes kai Perifereiakes Dieyqynseis toy, proebh se oles tis energeies poy apaitoyntai, wste na leitoyrghsoyn oles oi sxolikes monades ths xwras. To Ypoyrgeio ejakoloyqei na ergazetai systhmatika kai ypeyqyna kai na parakoloyqei stena tis anagkes poy dhmioyrgoyntai kaqhmerina prokeimenoy na proxwrhsei aproskopta h leitoyrgia twn sxoleiwn ths xwras.

    Gia thn omalh leitoyrgia twn sxoleiwn, to Ypoyrgeio exei hdh zhthsei ejairesh apo thn eidikh Epitroph toy Symboylioy ths Epikrateias, etsi wste na oloklhrwqei egkaira h diadikasia gia toys anaplhrwtes ekpaideytikoys kai tis alles kathgories. H prwth fash ths diadikasias oloklhrwqhke prin apo thn prokhryjh twn eklogwn kai anamenetai, meta thn ejairesh na oloklhrwqei kai h deyterh fash.

    Ews kai shmera exei apostalei to synolo twn titlwn twn bibliwn poy einai aparaithta gia thn enarjh ths sxolikhs xronias se pososto 95% twn sxoleiwn ths Epikrateias. Oi apostoles synexizontai mexri thn oloklhrwsh toys.

    To enhmerwtiko yliko gia th nea griph brisketai hdh sta sxoleia ths xwras apo shmera kai ayrio qa moirastei se oloys toys maqhtes kai tis maqhtries.

    Oson afora sto yliko poy sxetizetai me thn kaqhmerinh ygieinh sta sxoleia, oi dieyqyntes exoyn hdh probei sthn agora toy. Opoy parathrhqoyn elleiceis h problhmata me tis Sxolikes Epitropes kai toys Dhmoys. To Ypoyrgeio einai etoimo na aposteilei yliko ygieinhs taxista mesw twn apoqematwn toy Organismoy Sxolikwn Ktiriwn''.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh an pisw apo tis kataggelies peri elleicewn orismenwn ekpaideytikwn yparxoyn politikes epidiwjeis, kai logw ths proeklogikhs periodoy, tonise: ``Ws politikh hgesia toy Ypoyrgeioy, den pisteyoyme oti yparxoyn tetoies akraies politikes skopimothtes en ocei twn eklogwn, toylaxiston ston xwro ths Paideias. Par' ola ayta, tis teleytaies hmeres omws , parathreitai epideijh tetoioy eidoys symperiforas. Dhladh, antipoliteysh gia thn antipoliteysh. Ayth thn wra, ayta ta ajiologoyme ws memonwmena peristatika, peristatika kommatikoy patriwtismoy an qelete. Den epiqymoyme, ayth h katastash pragmatika na parei diastash ston xwro ths Paideias giati, pragmatika, kai h antipoliteysh kai ola ta kommata mexri shmera exoyn deijei olh thn apaitoymenh wrimothta kai ypeyqynothta, toylaxiston sto meros poy afora ston Eqniko Dialogo kai eimai bebaih oti qa epideijoyn to idio kai twra, en ocei ths proeklogikhs periodoy, ston krisimo tomea ths Paideias''.

    [08] Gia deyterh qhteia

    Oi politikes omades toy Eyrwpaikoy Koinoboylioy apofasisan na chfisoyn stis 16 Septembrioy epi ths ypochfiothtas toy Zoze Manoyel Mparozo gia mia deyterh qhteia ws proedroy ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, bazontas etsi telos sthn abebaiothta poy diarkoyse apo thn arxh toy kalokairioy, dhlwse enas ekproswpos toy eyrwkoinoboylioy.

    "H chfoforia qa pragmatopoihqei to meshmeri ths Tetarths, thn erxomenh ebdomada", dhlwse o ekproswpos.

    H apofash elhfqh sth diarkeia synodoy stis Bryjelles twn proedrwn twn politikwn omadwn toy eyrwkoinoboylioy.

    H pleiochfia toys yposthrije oti den einai aparaithto na parataqei h ekkremothta, enw kyriws oi Prasinoi kai orismenoi sosialistes epiqymoysan na prohghqei ths ekloghs to apotelesma toy epomenoy dhmochfismatos sthn Irlandia gia th synqhkh ths Lisabonas stis 2 Oktwbrioy.

    Prokeitai gia mia "safh apofash poy stelnei ena isxyro shma stoys eyrwpaioys polites", sxoliase o proedros toy koinoboylioy, o Polwnos Gerzi Mpoyzek, melos ths synthrhtikhs politikhs paratajhs, opws kai o Mparozo.

    "S' aytoys toys kairoys ths oikonomikhs krishs, den mporoyme na epitrecoyme na synexistei ena politiko keno" epikefalhs ths Eyrwphs, prosqese. "Prepei na eimaste se qesh na proxwrhsoyme apofasizontas an o k. Mparozo qa einai h oxi o neos proedros ths Epitrophs gia ta 5 epomena xronia".

    O aperxomenos proedros ths Epitrophs Mparozo einai o monadikos ypochfios gia th qesh. Exei hdh thn yposthrijh twn 27 hgetwn twn xwrwn ths EE, omws prepei epishs na egkriqei apo to Eyrwkoinoboylio, opoy h synthrhtikh paratajh toy den exei monh ths eparkh pleiochfia kai prepei synepws na brei symmaxoys.

    O Mparozo, prwhn prwqypoyrgos ths Portogalias, fainetai oti exei pleon ejasfalisei mia sxetikh pleiochfia poy einai arketh gia na epaneklegei. Omws orismenoi eyrwboyleytes apaitoyn hdh, se periptwsh poy epikyrwqei h synqhkh ths Lisabonas, na diejaxqei nea chfoforia gia ton Mparozo, h opoia qa htan epikindynh gi' ayton, epeidh qa eprepe tote na sygkentrwsei thn apolyth pleiochfia twn boyleytwn, dhladh 369, pragma poly pio dyskolo. Sth deyterh periptwsh, aytoi poy apexoyn ths chfoforias --kai oi opoioi anamenetai oti qa einai polloi stis tajeis twn sosialsitwn kai twn fileleyqerwn, poy einai h deyterh kai h trith se megeqos politikes omades toy eyrwkoinoboylioy-- ypologizontai nte fakto ws chfoi kata.

    [09] Antimetwph me th Germania

    H Eqnikh mas omada antimetwpizei shmera (17.15) sto Mpintgkoz th Polwnias thn antistoixh ths Germanias, sto plaisio ths prwths hmeras ths B' fashs toy Eyrwmpasket 2009.

    H proistoria ths Elladas me th Germania gia to Eyrwpaiko Prwtaqlhma perilambanei efta agwnes, me th germanikh omada na yperexei, me tesseris nikes enanti triwn ths eqnikhs mas.

    Synolika, h ellhnikh omada exei antimetwpisei 25 fores th germanikh kai mexri stigmhs exei to "panw xeri", afoy metra 13 nikes enanti 12 ths germanikhs.

    Pantws, ta teleytaia xronia h "galanoleykh" exei petyxei eji synexeis nikes, enw h teleytaia nikh twn Germanwn shmeiwqhke to 2001, sto Eyrwmpasket ths Toyrkias.

    Ajioshmeiwth einai h nikh ths Ellladas epi ths Germanias ston teliko toy Eyrwmpasket 2005 sto Beligradi, otan h eqnikh mas omada anadeixqhke prwtaqlhtria Eyrwphs gia deyterh fora sthn istoria ths (h prwth fora htan to 1987 sto SEF) kai o Panagiwths Giannakhs egine o prwtos texnikos poy katekthse to xryso metallio toso ws paikths, oso kai ws omospondiakos proponhths.

    Thn Kyriakh (13/9) to antiproswpeytiko sygkrothma qa brei sto dromo ths th deyterh toy B' omiloy, Rwsia xwris toys Antrei Kirilenko kai Tzei Ar Xolnten stis 19:15 (wra Elladas).

    Akoloyqei repo th Deytera kai thn Trith (15/9) stis 10:00 wra Elladas oi Ellhnes dieqneis kaloyntai na jeperasoyn to empodio ths 1hs toy B' omiloy Gallias (ahtthth sthn prwth fash) poy ejasfalise mesw toy epiprosqetoy prokrimatikoy gyroy thn paroysia ths sto Eyrwmpasket "sfragizontas" to 16o kai teleytaio eisithrio.


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