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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-10-16

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Prospaqeies gia lysh sto limani
  • [02] G.Petalwths gia thn oikonomia
  • [03] Dialogos gia tis ergasiakes sxeseis
  • [04] 'Ekqesh gia tis egkriseis adeiwn se FDX
  • [05] Apo to moxqo ths epibiwshs anqizan aparamilla katorqwmata ths texnhs
  • [06] "Oxi se idiwtikopoihseis"
  • [07] "Me eyqynh oi xeirismoi"
  • [08] "Dhmosios elegxos"
  • [09] Syskech gia metanastes
  • [10] Aysthrotera krithria

    [01] Prospaqeies gia lysh sto limani

    Enteinontai oi prospaqeies na ejeyreqei lysh gia to problhma poy exei dhmioyrghqei ston emporeymatiko staqmo toy Peiraia.

    ``Den yparxei tetoia skech'', tonise o kybernhtikos ekproswpos Giwrgos Petalwths, erwthqeis ean stis proqeseis ths kybernhshs einai na khryxqei paranomh kai kataxrhstikh h apergia sto limani. ``Gi'ayto akribws akoloyqoyme mia poreia epilyshs toy zhthmatos mesw toy dialogoy'', prosqese.

    Erwthqeis an h kybernhsh protiqetai na qesei dioria stoys ergazomenoys gia th lhjh ths apergias toys, o G. Petalwths tonise oti ``den yparxei kati tetoio'' kai pws ``qeloyme to syntomotero dynato na epilyqei h katastash''.

    Epipleon, sxetika me to an sta sxedia ths kybernhshs gia epanadiapragmateysh einai na doqei kai o problhtas 1, o ekproswpos eipe ``kathgorhmatika'', oti ``den yparxei qema''.

    Klhqeis na sxoliasei tis dhlwseis ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs epi toy qematos toy limanioy toy Peiraia, o ekproswpos ``qymhse'' oti ``paralabame mia symbash gia thn opoia eixame diatypwsei polles epifylajeis''.

    ``Xreos ths kybernhshs'', prosqese, ``einai na diaxeiristei thn katastash'' kai prosqese oti h "epityxia" ths kybernhshs synistatai sto oti yparxei en ejelijei mia kinhtikothta kai dialogos anamesa stoys ergazomenoys kai thn SEP, wste na bgoyme apo thn katastash poy yparxei shmera. Epishmane oti ``efoson yparxei dialogos se ejelijh, den yparxei apolyth adiallajia''.

    Se allh erwthsh gia orismenes apofaseis poy o proedros kai dieyqynwn symboylos toy OLP ypegrace ligo prin tis ekloges kai poy ``epideinwnoyn ayth th stigmh to dialogo'', o G. Petalwths tonise oti h kybernhsh tis ejetazei kai pws kapoies tis exei hdh "pagwsei".

    Aisiodojh gia to apotelesma twn syzhthsewn emfanisthke xqes h ka Katselh meta th synanthsh ths me ton Kinezo presbh kai dieykrinise oti den tiqetai qema akyrwshs ths symfwnias.

    Nwritera, h ypoyrgos eixe enhmerwsei thn kybernhsh gia ton prwto gyro synomiliwn me th SEP (COSCO) kai toys ergazomenoys, se synanthsh poy eixe me allh melh toy ypoyrgikoy symboylioy sto Megaro Majimoy.

    H ka Katselh eipe oti thn prohgoymenh Paraskeyh oloklhrwqhke o prwtos gyros synomilias me th SEP (COSCO), poy afora to dialogo gia ola ta zhthmata paraxwrhshs toy Staqmoy Emporeymatwn sto limani toy Peiraia, me th SEP na symfwnei na syzhthsei oloys toys oroys.

    Opws eipe h ypoyrgos Oikonomias, o OLP kai h SEP symfwnhsan na syzhthsoyn apo mhdenikh bash to plaisio synergasias twn problhtwn 1 kai 2, gegonos poy qa exei polla qetika gia toys ergazomenoys.

    H ka Katselh eipe oti ayth htan h proeklogikh desmeysh toy PASOK, kaqws eixame pei oti qa ejantlhsoyme ola ta periqwria syzhthshs.

    H ypoyrgos Oikonomias eipe oti elpizei pws oi ergazomenoi qa katanohsoyn plhrws oti o dialogos afora kai ta ergasiaka zhthmata, enw prosqese oti zhthse eggrafws kai th diatypwsh twn aithmatwn toys, epishmainontas parallhla oti elpizw na katanohsoyn oti ta limania prepei na einai anoixta.

    Erwthqeisa ean diablepei diafores politikes skopimothtas pisw apo antidraseis, sto zhthma ayto h ka Katselh eipe oti ``akoysa prosektika thn k. Mpakogiannh, den katanow me poia idiothta milhse. An dhladh milhse ws prwhn Ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn h ws ypochfia arxhgos ths Neas Dhmokratias. Den katanow to periexomeno ths dhlwshs ths. Ypenqymizw oti to PASOK epanadiapragmateythke th symbash kai gia to aerodromio "Eleyqerios Benizelos". Ypenqymizw oti h SEP symfwnhse sto dialogo kai den katanow se ti aposkopei ayth h dhlwsh''.

    H ypoyrgos Oikonomias erwthqeisa pws qa proxwrhsei to zhthma ean oi ergazomenoi epimeinoyn sthn apergia toys, eipe oti "eimaste anoixtoi sto dialogo, qeloyme na sthrijoyme toys ergazomenoys kai qeloyme na doyme pws qa diasfalistoyn kalytera ta dikaiwmata toys, toso sthn yparxoysa symbash (ss poy afora sthn problhta 2, poy paraxwreitai basei ths symbashs sth SEP) oso kai sth nea (ss poy afora sthn problhta 3 poy einai ypo kataskeyh enw h problhta 1 anhkei ston OLP)".

    Sto metajy, "kleisto" mexri to telos ths ebdomadas se kaqe emporikh synallagh qa parameinei to emporiko limani toy Peiraia - SEMPO N. Ikonioy, kaqws oi 1500 limenergates apofasisan thn synexish twn apergiakwn toys kinhtopoihsewn me kyrio aithma to "pagwma" ths egkatastashs ths COSCO, poy shmeiwteon mesw ths qygatrikhs SEP AE exei egkatastaqei sto limani apo thn 1h Oktwbrioy 2009.

    [02] G.Petalwths gia thn oikonomia

    Erwthqeis ean qa teqei sth synedriash ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs qema paratashs gia th meiwsh toy elleimmatos, dedomenwn kai twn "dysoiwnwn" problecewn ths Epitrophs gia thn ellhnikh oikonomia, o kybernhtikos ekproswpos k. G. Petalwths eipe oti h ellhnikh kybernhsh ergazetai pros ayth thn kateyqynsh.

    Sxetika de me to pws qa kinhqei h kybernhsh sto zhthma twn oriwn synatjiodothshs sto plaisio ths Epitrophs, o k. Petalwths epishmane oti "qa prospaqhsoyme na xrhsimopoihsoyme thn isxy ths xwra mas, na dwsoyme thn aisqhsh oti h EE exei na kanei me mia ajiopisth kai paragwgikh xwra, wste na petyxoyme to kalytero".

    "To asfalistiko qa to syzhthsoyme me bash tis desmeyseis kai th sygkekrimenh politikh mas. Den mporoyme na jexasoyme oti eimaste melos ths EE me ta dikaiwmata kai tis ypoxrewseis poy aporreoyn", dhlwse o ekproswpos erwthqeis an h kybernhsh qa "anoijei" to asfalistiko basei twn kateyqynsewn ths Komision.

    [03] Dialogos gia tis ergasiakes sxeseis

    Koinwniko dialogo gia qetikes allages stis ergasiakes sxeseis yposxeqhke o ypoyrgos Ergasias kai Koinwnikwn Asfalisewn k. A. Loberdos sto Proedreio ths GSEE kata thn episkech toy sta grafeia ths Synomospondias dhlwnontas oti to kratos ofeilei na symmetexei se tetoies diadikasies dialogoy kai oxi na paramenei ws parathrhths.

    Oi diergasies dialogoy anamenetai na arxisoyn thn erxomenh ebdomada meta kai thn oloklhrwsh ths diadikasias twn programmatikwn dhlwsewn ths neas kybernhshs kai me ajones zhthmata opws h dieyqethsh toy xronoy ergasias, oi eyeliktes morfes apasxolhshs, h enoikiash ergazomenwn kai genikotera h merikh apasxolhsh. Sth syzhthsh akoma ta dyo merh anaferqhkan sthn anagkh ayjhshs toy epidomatos anergias alla kai sto synolo twn proeklogikwn desmeysewn toy kybernhtikoy kommatos.

    O proedros ths GSEE Giannhs Panagopoylos apantwntas ston ypoyrgo aneptyje thn taktikh oti ta syndikata qa breqoyn mazi me thn kybernhsh stis qetikes allages alla apenanti sta zhthmata opoy qa diafwnoyn.

    O k. Panagopoylos ypogrammise me emfash oti ston OAED yparxei tameiako elleimma ths tajhs twn 400 ekatommyriwn eyrw kai zhthse na diasfalistei oti qa katablhqoyn taktika ola ta epidomata alla kai oi paroxes toy organismoy.

    Kata plhrofories sth syzhthsh twn dyo pleyrwn eginan anafores kai sto asfalistiko enw oi syzhthseis panw sto qema ayto anamenetai na klimakwqoyn (me aixmh to qema twn barewn kai anqygieinwn) meta thn oloklhrwsh toy dialogoy gia ta ergasiaka.

    [04] 'Ekqesh gia tis egkriseis adeiwn se FDX

    Ston Proistameno ths Eisaggelias Prwtodikwn Aqhnas, apesteile o ypoyrgos Ypodomwn, Metaforwn kai Diktywn Dhmhtrhs Reppas, ekqesh toy Genikoy Epiqewrhth Dhmosias Dioikhshs L. Rakintzh, poy afora stis egkriseis adeiwn kykloforias se forthga aytokinhta dhmosias xrhshs (FDX).

    Opws anaferetai se anakoinwsh toy Ypoyrgeioy, sthn Ekqesh, meta apo sxetikh ereyna, diapistwnontai sobara problhmata, me politikes, koinwnikes kai poinikes diastaseis sth diadikasia entolwn (anarmodiws kai paranomws ekdoqeiswn kata thn apoch toy Genikoy Epiqewrhth) apo thn politikh hgesia toy Ypoyrgeioy Metaforwn & Epikoinwniwn pros diafores Yphresies Metaforwn & Epikoinwniwn Nomarxiakwn Aytodioikhsewn gia thn apografh kai th xorhghsh adeiwn kykloforias se forthga dhmosias xrhshs, ta opoia den eixan kataferei na apografoyn kata th genikh apografh apo to 1999 ews to 2003 gia diaforoys logoys (paranomo dikaiwma kykloforias, ekkremodikies, k.lp.).

    Sthn anakoinwsh prostiqetai oti ``me dedomeno oti h agoraia ajia toy dikaiwmatos kykloforias FDX anerxetai, analoga me thn kathgoria, ews kai se 300.000 eyrw gia bytiofora ygrwn kaysimwn'', o k. Reppas zhtei apo ton Proistameno ths Eisaggelias ``afoy ejetasei thn ypoqesh na prajei ta deonta''''.

    O k. Reppas diabibazei epishs thn ekqesh toy k. Rakintzh kai ston Geniko Dieyqynth Dioikhtikhs Yposthrijhs toy Ypoyrgeioy Ypodomwn, Metaforwn & Diktywn, prokeimenoy ``na prajei ta deonta ws pros tis Yphresies toy Ypoyrgeioy kai toys epopteyomenoys foreis''.

    [05] Apo to moxqo ths epibiwshs anqizan aparamilla katorqwmata ths texnhs

    Sto teleytaio xwrio ths eparxias ths Konitsas, konta sta albanika synora, se ycometro 1.100 metrwn stis plagies toy oroys Grammoy, o dromos stamata. H sfragismenh ekklhsia toy Agioy Aqanasioy steketai ws prwth eikona. Mia ellhnikh shmaia akmaia ston isto, h plateia toy xwrioy plakostrwth me chla petrina pezoylia opws epiballei to epiklines edafos, me th brysh kai ton aparaithto platano. Sto panw meros ths plateias to kleisto apo to 1966 sxoleio. Ta spitia toy xwrioy, petroxtista, aplwnontai se dyo maxalades ekaterwqen ths plateias. Sigh, kai to ellhniko fylakio pio katw alles fores fantazei na fyla to xwrio kai alles fores ayto na froyrei toys stratiwtes.

    Katoikoi; Enas fylakas kai ena demeno skyli, me ta platanofylla na kalyptoyn anenoxlhta ta petrina kalnterimia. Ena akomh akritiko xwrio ths Hpeiroy; H sfragismenh ekklhsia toy Agioy Aqanasioy krybei sto eswteriko ths ena "mystiko": toixografies kai enan ploysio eswteriko diakosmo zwgrafismeno apo toys katoikoys toy mikroy xwrioy twn Xioniadwn, toys allotinoys lamproys zwgrafoys, toys perifhmoys agiografoys. Dhmioyrgoi, aploi texnites poy shmera ajiologoyntai ws kallitexnes ychlhs poiothtas.

    Mia ektakth kallitexnikh diastash

    Oi Xioniades, geitoniko xwrio twn Mastoroxwriwn, skarfalwmenoi stis dasobriqeis kliteis toy Grammoy, sxedon katw apo thn korfh toy boynoy, yphrje gia aiwnes, mazi me to Kapesobo kai ta Soydena sto Zagori, h gnwsth triada- fytwrio laikwn zwgrafwn sthn Hpeiro. Korwnida twn triwn aytwn eikastikwn kentrwn staqhkan oi Xioniades.

    Opws shmeiwnei o omotimos Kaqhghths Laografias M.G. Meraklhs "ston paradosiako agrotiko kosmo leitoyrghse mia diadikasia metastoixeiwshs antikeimenikwn orwn sterhshs kai - opws lene oi oikonomologoi kai oi synafeis pros aytoys episthmones - ypanaptyjhs kai kaqysterhshs, se oroys dhmioyrgias enos politismoy, poy diakrinetai apo mian anepanalhpth aisqhtikh. Apo enan sklhro biotiko moxqo anqizan aparamilla katorqwmata ths texnhs, toso stena, ejalloy, syndedemenhs me th zwh, wste h idia h zwh (h sklhrh, h sterhmenh kai kaqysterhmenh) na periexei organika kai mian ektakth kallitexnikh diastash".

    Oi anqrwpoi ekeinoi dhmioyrgoysan enan politismo, poy yperebaine kat' arxhn tis dynatothtes toys. Isws giati eixe san bash ths dhmioyrgias toy to aisqhma ths syllogikothtas kai giati etsi htan semnos kai baqytata dhmokratikos (oi Xioniadites zwgrafoi, poy ypegrafan ta erga toys, anegrafan ta onomata olwn twn synergatwn, ierarxika, analoga me th symbolh toy kaqenos).

    O plhqysmos twn Xioniadwn, enos apo ta pio mikra xwria ths eparxias ths Konitsas, den jeperase pote tis 350-400 cyxes poy zoysan me mian ypotypwdh gewrgia kai kthnotrofia. Ki omws, ekei grafthke ena apo ta pio lampra kefalaia ths laikhs mas zwgrafikhs. Ejhnta pente Xioniadites zwgrafoys paroysiase sto gnwsto biblio toy stis arxes ths dekaetias toy 1980 o Kitsos Makrhs, enw shmera me neoteres ereynes einai gnwstoi perissoteroi.

    Oi metaforeis piesmenoy xionioy

    Xioniades htan oi metaforeis piesmenoy xionioy apo skieres oreines topoqesies poy "xortainan thn politeia to kalokairi xionia". H metafora xionioy apo diafores perioxes den periorizotan mono pros tis politeies ths Hpeiroy kai ta konakia twn ploysiwn Toyrkwn, alla eftane ws thn Kerkyra opoy "komizoyn xionia me to ploio kai pinoyn oi arxontes kai eygeneis Kerkyraioi tes leimonades kai loipa katacyktika kai drosistika pota".

    Ektos apo toys katoikoys ths Premeths, twn boynwn ths Liakoyrias kai ths Xeimarras kai oi katoikoi twn Xioniadwn asxoloyntan me to idiotypo ayto eidos emporioy, isws malista se megalytero pososto, gi' ayto kai to xwrio toys pairnei to onoma Xioniades.

    Oi andres ypoxrewqhkan na strafoyn - me tis anagkastikes metakinhseis toys apo to xwrio - pros "texnika" epaggelmata. H zwgrafikh anadeixqhke se koryfaio tetoio epaggelma (diakosmhsh ekklhsiwn kai arxontospitwn - qrhskeytikh texnh kai kosmikh sygxronws, kati prwtoporiako poy xarakthrizei th laikh zwgrafikh ths periodoy ekeinhs, poy sympiptei me thn periodo ths anerxomenhs astikhs tajhs kai toy neoellhnikoy Diafwtismoy).

    Oi zwgrafoi twn Xioniadwn den akoloyqhsan th syntexniakh epaggelmatikh organwsh, alla synexisan to xwrismo se fares-koinwnikes dhladh omades poy sthrizontan sthn koinothta katagwghs apo th meria toy patera.

    Oi Xioniadites zwgrafoi ws to telos toy 18oy aiwna anhkan se dyo fares: stoys Pasxalades kai toys Marinades. Polloi Marinades pairnoyn ws epwnymo to epaggelmatiko toys, dhladh Zwgrafos.

    Oi laikoi aytoi dhmioyrgoi jekinoysan san maqhteyomenoi arxizontas apo bohqhtikes doyleies, opws to tricimo twn xrwmatwn panw sto marmaro, "tribidi", kai thn proetoimasia twn epifaneiwn. Ystera proxwroysan sto gemisma omoioxrwmwn epifaneiwn epanw sto leyko sxedio (oyranos, foresies, edafos) kai stadiaka analambanan perissotero ypeyqynes ergasies wspoy, wrimoi pia, na ftanoyn sth sxediash kai sto zwgrafisma leptomereiwn (proswpa, ptyxwseis, kentidia).

    To epaggelma edine stoys Xioniadites zwgrafoys oikonomikh anesh poy toys epetrepe na zoyn me kapoia arxontia. Merikoi apo aytoys eixan th dynatothta na spoydasoyn ta paidia toys, par' olo poy eixan polymeleis oikogeneies.

    Apo ta mesa toy 19oy aiwna oi zwgrafoi anebainoyn koinwnika kai arxizoyn na pairnoyn ajiwmata sto xwrio. Apo to mikro oreino xwrio twn Xioniadwn jekinaei enas megalos ariqmos zwgrafwn. O Gewrgios Paisios anaferei 31 onomata kai 251 epigrafes. Se 101 xwria kai politeies ejaplwnetai to ejakribwmeno ergo twn Xioniaditwn zwgrafwn.

    Merikoi apo toys zwgrafoys, otan briskoyn synqhkes monimhs ergasias se mia perioxh menoyn oristika ekei, pantreyontai ntopies, kanoyn paidia kai qewroyn ton eayto toys "politografhmeno" sthn kainoyrgia toys patrida.

    H xioniaditikh zwgrafikh

    H periptwsh ths xioniaditikhs zwgrafikhs entassetai sto genikotero fainomeno ths ejeidikeyshs orismenwn xwriwn se kapoion xeirotexniko tomea, aporroia ths endeias allwn porwn.

    Ws kyrio ekfrastiko ths meso exei to xrwma, antiqeta pros th grammikothta ths byzantinhs paradoshs. Jekina apo ena kaqara laiko yfos me entones byzantines anamnhseis, pernaei baqmiaia sto "byzantinoanagennhsiako" opws to xarakthrise neoteros xioniadiths zwgrafos, pio swsta se ena krama paradosiakwn me neorwsika kai dytikoeyrwpaika stoixeia, gia na katalhjei se mia prospaqeia "logiosynhs" poy krataei omws arketh drosia kai alhqeia. Parallhlh einai h poreia oloklhrhs sxedon ths anepishmhs ellhnikhs zwgrafikhs.

    Ta erga twn xioniaditwn zwgrafwn kalyptoyn kai thn ekklhsiastikh kai thn kosmikh zwgrafikh. Endeiktika paradeigmata einai:

    1) H Panagia h Brefokratoysa me ton Agio Iwannh ton Prodromo toy Aqanasioy Pagwnh.

    2) O Neomartyras Gewrgios twn Iwanninwn me foystanela kai fwtostefano zwgrafismenos apo ton Zhko Mixahl ton Ianoyario toy 1838

    3) O Agios Aqanasios apo thn omwnymh ekklhsia twn Xionadwn.

    4) Alles morfes agiwn kai aggelwn apo ton Agio Dhmhtrio Neoxwrioy Phlioy

    5) H proswpografia toy Rhga Feraioy apo ton Aq. Pagwnh, toixografia apo to spiti toy Sarabanh, sta Drakia Phlioy kai alla kosmika qemata. Kyriws, fysika motiba poy stolizan toys toixoys arxontikwn sto Phlio kai to Zagori, prekia tzakiwn kai palies diakosmhtikes kaseles.

    6) H toixografia toy Kwnstantinoy Papakwsta-Marina sto spiti toy Radoy sto Tsepelobo me qema: "Oi gamoi toy Napoleonta" (mesa 19oy aiwna)

    Me gnhsies epirroes apo th legomenh hpeirwtiko-qhbaikh sxolh, th rwsikh agiografia toy Oroys alla kai me epidraseis apo th dytikoeyrwpaikh kai anagennhsiakh Texnh, th xalkografikh kai liqografikh, me ena sygkerasmo, telos (ston opoio "akoympoyse" h dhmioyrgikh toys prospaqeia) phgaioy laikoy yfoys kai sygkrathmenhs, plhn prodhlhs "logiosynhs", oi xioniadites zwgrafoi epiblhqhkan sth syllogikh mnhmh ws mia jexwristh periptwsh politismoy sth xwra mas, sthn eyryterh eikastikh toy ekdoxh. Toso eixe aplwqei h fhmh kai h kalh toys epidosh, wste apo palia htan gnwsth h frash: "Xionadiths eisai; Zwgrafos eisai".

    Oi laikoi toytoi dhmioyrgoi den perioristhkan mono sthn agiografia kai tis forhtes eikones, panw stis opoies doyleyan ton kairo toy xeimwna chla stoys Xioniades, ma to xrwsthra toys sygxronws apasxolhsan ki alles ptyxes ths zwgrafikhs: h proswpografia kai to topio, h diakosmhsh, h nekrh fysh.

    H askhsh ths zwgrafikhs htan ypoqesh oikogeneiakh, kaqws oi neoteroi maqhteyan konta stoys empeiroys syggeneis toys kai toys bohqoysan parallhla, asxoloymenoi me tis deytereyoyses ergasies. Analoga me to baqmo ejelijhs toys sth zwgrafikh, syxna ginontan synergates toys kai toys diadexontan h ekanan dika toys synergeia me ton idio tropo. H posothta ths ergasias kai h anagkh gia grhgoroterh diekperaiwsh ypodeiknyan kai th synqesh twn oikogeneiakwn, kata bash, synergeiwnn, sta opoia liges fores epairnan synergates kai maqhtes ektos toy stenoy oikogeneiakoy periballontos. Einai gnwsth apo kthtorikh epigrafh h synergasia ews pente atomwn se agiografhsh naoy.

    H ejormhsh

    Me tis arxes toy kalokairioy jexynontan, organwmenoi se mpoyloykia me syggenikh, syxna, bash pros ton hpeirwtiko kai qessaliko, kyriws, xwro kai analambanan thn istorhsh nawn kai monasthriwn stis poleis kai ta xwria. Sto xeimwniatiko apokleismo, sth geneteira toys, wstoso, oi xioniadites kallitexnes sfyrhlathsan thn texnh toys me gnhsio paqos panw stoys anejixniastoys "dromoys" twn mikrwn toys kadrwn - sfyrhlatoysan thn Texnh kai sarkwnan ta moyxra toys synaisqhmata. Toixografies twn xioniaditwn zwgrafwn, pera apo tis ploysies kai syxna endiaferoyses istorhseis toys se polles ekklhsies, briskoyme se arxontika toy Zagorioy, ths Makedonias kai alloy.

    H poreia twn ergasiwn arxize apo thn etoimasia toy toixoy me topoqethsh epixrismatos asbesth kai proxwroyse sthn amesh sxediash kai to grhgoro xrwmatisma gia na prolaboyn to stegnwma toy asbesth, h kroysta toy opoioy staqeropoioyse ta xrwmata. Sta teleiwmata, poy ginontan se stegno soba, xrhsimopoioysan kolles. Ston katamerismo ths ergasias ton kyrio rolo epaizan oi dynatothtes toy kaqenos. Oi bohqoi kalyptan me xrwmata ton "kampo", dhladh to fonto kai proplaqan tis aples epifaneies, oi empeiroi zwgrafizan ta ktiria, ta foremata, ta topia, kai o prwtomastoras zwgrafize ta proswpa kai symplhrwne tis leptomereies, enw eixe kai th genikh epiblech toy ergoy.

    "Xioniadiths eisai; Zwgrafos eisai"

    Stis palaioteres toixografies akoloyqeitai o kaqierwmenos eikonografikos kyklos. Apo tis arxes toy 19oy aiwna yparxei sxetika megalyterh eleyqeria sthn epilogh twn qematwn kai eisagontai polles didaktikes kai parainetikes pros toys pistoys parastaseis, enw topia, anqemia kai alla diakosmhtika stoixeia plaisiwnoyn to kaqierwmeno eikonografiko programma. H synyparjh pollwn synergeiwn zwgrafwn thn epoxh ayth exei ws apotelesma kai th synyparjh gia ligo diaforetikwn texnotropiwn, mexri na kyriarxhsei to yfos ths neoterhs. Pros to telos toy aiwna periorizetai h diakosmhsh kai dinetai emfash sth realistikh apodosh twn parastasewn.

    H patroparadoth texnh ths istorhshs twn nawn ginotan me th meqodo "ef' ygrois" h alliws nwpografia, dhladh th zwgrafikh se freskosobatismeno toixo me xrwmata fysikhs proeleyshs se morfh skonhs. Oi texnikes perigrafontai sthn ermhneia ths zwgrafikhs texnhs toy Dionysioy ek Foyrna, antitypa kai xeirografa antigrafa ths opoias xrhsimopoioysan oi Xionadites zwgrafoi. Prepei na qewrhqei bebaio oti parallhla xrhsimopoihqhkan kai miktes texnikes, opws h miso-nwpografia h alliws zwgrafikh se epifaneia, poy den htan entelws stegnh kai ginotan me xrwmata ydrodialymena me thn prosqhkh asbesth.

    H zwgrafikh forhtwn eikonwn se jylo ginotan me ta idia xrwmata alla me thn texnikh toy aygoy, poy to xrhsimopoioysan apokleistika ws syndetiko meso twn xrwmatwn. Argotera, sthn toixografia kai th forhth eikona xrhsimopoihqhke h texnikh ths elaiografias kai ws epifaneia ergasias kai o moysamas. Oi Xionadites zwgrafoi poy ekanan toixografies doyleyan olo to xrono, opws deixnoyn oi hmeromhnies stis kthtorikes epigrafes twn nawn, kyriws omws apo thn anoijh ws to fqinopwro. To ypoloipo diasthma emenan sto xwrio, opoy zwgrafizan forhtes eikones kai moysamades, diakosmoysan kaseles, etoimazan xrwmata tribontas ta me to tribeio, ekanan dhladh tis ergasies poy mporoysan na askhsoyn se ena apo ta dwmatia ths katoikias toys, to opoio xrhsimopoioysan ws ergasthrio. Otan htan anagkh ekanan ergasthria kai ston topo ergasias toys, opoy emenan gia megala xronika diasthmata kai kamia fora, monima, opws o Pagwnhs sth Drakia Phlioy.

    To ergo twn palioterwn zwgrafwn exei ola ta xarakthristika ths texnhs twn arxwn toy 18oy aiwna, poy einai h ysterh fash ths metabyzantinhs texnhs me entona ta stoixeia ths laikhs texnotropias. O 19os aiwnas, poy kyriarxeitai apo th laikotroph zwgrafikh, exei toys Xioniadites ws kyrioteroys ekproswpoys, me erga toys se oloklhrh th boreiodytikh Ellada kai alles xwres. Pros to telos toy aiwna kai tis arxes toy 20oy kyriarxei h dytikotroph zwgrafikh, xwris na leipoyn kai oi epirroes ths rwsikhs eikonografikhs sxolhs ths epoxhs. Sthn allagh synebale kai h kaqierwsh toy ladioy ws kyrioy ylikoy sth zwgrafikh. Kyrios logos ths diamorfwshs aytoy toy yfoys htan h epikrathsh toy analogoy aisqhtikoy reymatos sth zwgrafikh toy eleyqeroy ellhnikoy kratoys, me thn epishmh apodoxh ths texnhs twn Bayarwn daskalwn kai sth synexeia twn Ellhnwn kallitexnwn poy htan maqhtes toys.

    Apo tis arxes toy 19oy aiwna yparxei sxetika megalyterh eleyqeria sthn epilogh twn qematwn, kai eisagontai polles didaktikes kai parainetikes pros toys pistoys parastaseis, enw topia, anqemia kai alla diakosmhtika stoixeia plaisiwnoyn to kaqierwmeno eikonografiko programma.

    Ajiologes einai kai merikes proswpografies me ladi se moysama poy exoyn diaswqei, kaqws kai sxedia me molybi h kai me xrwma. Oi kaseles, telos, htan ena idiaitero eidos xrhstikoy kai diakosmhtikoy antikeimenoy, poy syxna oi Xioniadites zwgrafoi analambanan na stolisoyn me to xrwsthra toys.

    Oi arxes ths xioniaditikhs oikogeneiakhs zwgrafikhs paradoshs den einai gnwstes. H prwth ypogrammenh kai xronologhmenh eikona einai toy 1747, o Agios Gewrgios, sto nao Koimhshs Qeotokoy sth Boyrmpianh, kai h palaioterh xronologhmenh epigrafh poy diaswzetai se toixografia einai toy 1770 sth Monh Abel ths Bhssanhs.

    Erga

    Ektos toy ekklhsiastikoy xwroy, erga Xioniaditwn synantwntai se polles arxontikes katoikies sta xwria toy Zagorioy kai sto Phlio, opoy filotexnhqhkan toixografies me anqemia, topia, parastaseis, nekres fyseis, anashkwmena parapetasmata kai alla qemata, enw ploysios einai kai o fytikos kyriws diakosmos me loyloydia kladia, anqodoxeia, plaisiwmena me mparok diakosmhtika stoixeia.

    Analoga diakosmhtika qemata me ayta twn Xioniaditwn zwgrafwn yparxoyn kai se zwgrafies spitiwn poy eginan thn idia peripoy epoxh se diafora merh kyriws ths boreias Elladas, opws sthn Kastoria, th Siatista, Eratyra-Selitsa, Ampelakia, k.a. O sygkerasmos anatolitikwn kai dytikwn diakosmhtikwn stoixeiwn, byzantinwn, anagennhsiakwn, mparok, rokoko kai argotera neoklasikwn, poy htan synhqismenos kai xarakthrize to zwgrafiko yfos ths epoxhs, synantatai kai stis geitonikes balkanikes xwres.

    Ajiologes einai kai merikes proswpografies me ladi se moysama poy exoyn diaswqei, kaqws kai sxedia me molybi h kai me xrwma. Oi kaseles, telos, htan ena idiaitero eidos xrhstikoy kai diakosmhtikoy antikeimenoy, poy syxna oi Xioniadites zwgrafoi analambanan na stolisoyn me to xrwsthra toys.

    Genika oi Xioniadites zwgrafoi htan fhmismenoi kai "shmantikoi agiografoi", tonizei o Dhmhtrhs Stamelos kai to dhmioyrgiko eikastiko toys ergo perase diapantos sthn pneymatikh kai kallitexnikh parakataqhkh toy laoy mas. Oloklhrh h Boreia Ellada briqei, pragmati, apo tis, syxna, "entypwsiakes toixografies" twn hpeirwtwn agiografwn, oi pio ikanoi kai spoydaioteroi twn opoiwn krinontai oi Xioniadites.

    Jyloglyptes kai zwgrafistes kaseles

    "H Jyloglyptikh me thn Agiografia apoteloyn tis dyo kallitexnikes proboles, poy shmeiwsan mia jexwristh kai xtyphth anqhsh sthn Eparxia ths Konitsas. Einai ta dyo diamantia mazi me th laikh arxitektonikh, poy anqise epishs kai ayth sta xwmata ekeina" (Eyripidhs Soyrlas)

    H jyloyrgikh kai jyloglyptikh ferontai amesa syndedemenes me th diakosmhtikh kai th laikh zwgrafikh, opws apofainetai me apolyto tropo kai o papa-Giwrghs Paisios: "Oydeis Xioniadiths yphrje kata ta palaiotera eth jyloyrgos xwris na gnwrizei kai th xrwmatikh kai diakosmhtikh texnh h opoia me to xrono ejelipe".

    Oi jyloyrgoi, opws kai oi ypoloipoi mastoroi ths oikodomhs kai oi laikoi zwgrafoi, periferontan se olh th boreiodytikh Ellada, thn Hpeiro, alla kai se polla alla merh, kai analambanan kaqe eidoys jyloyrgikh ergasia opws tabania katoikiwn kai nawn, portes, ntoylapes, skales, k.a. Oi kalyteroi apo aytoys skalizan kai templa nawn, arxieratikoys qronoys, alles skalistes jylokataskeyes kai nyfiatikes kaseles.

    Oi kaseles h karseles h sentoykia htan apo ta kyria epipla toy palioy spitioy. Apo ekeines poy exoyn diaswqei gnwstes apo dhmosieyseis kai apo thn paroysia toys se proqhkes moyseiwn einai oi Skyrianes, oi Lesbiakes, oi Boreioelladitikes kai alles gia tis opoies den yparxei sxetikh bibliografia.

    O k. Skoyrths shmeiwnei: "Ta qemata stis zwgrafismenes kaseles einai kyriws fytika, opws kladia, loyloydia, baza kai anqodesmes. Sth diakosmhtikh synqesh yparxei ena kentriko qema, rozeta me anqh, anqodoxeio h zwgrafismenh morfh, kai gyrw periplekontai kladia me roda, fylla, asteriskoys kai kokkines rodeles, poy kremontai apo ta kladia me tropo poy qymizei ta aplwmena apo koryfes ktiriwn yfasmata poy synqetoyn tis parastaseis twn byzantinwn eikonografiwn. Kai o ypoloipos fytikos diakosmos twn kaselwn synantatai se diakosmhmena tmhmata toixografiwn, enw paromoia anqh yparxoyn ws kenthmata se amfia ierarxwn kai se yfasmata. Ta anqh, gia paradeigma, poy zwgrafise o Swkraths Zwgrafos sto endyma toy Agioy Bhssariwna sthn Koimhsh ths Qeotokoy sthn Kamph Artas zwgrafisthkan se diafores kaseles apo ton idio stoys Xioniades kai alloy".

    Keimeno: Seferiadhs G.

    [06] "Oxi se idiwtikopoihseis"

    H GG ths KE toy KKE qa episkefqei shmera toys ergazomenoys sto SEMPO toy OLP.

    "H kybernhsh toy PASOK prospaqei na jegelasei toys ergazomenoys kai genikotera to lao kai na kamcei tis agwnistikes toys kinhtopoihseis, isxyrizomenh oti epixeirei na epanadiapragmateytei th symfwnia paraxwrhshs toy limanioy toy Peiraia sthn COSCO", tonizei to KKE kai ektima oti "o dialogos poy sthnei me thn polyeqnikh etaireia mono to pagwma kai thn akyrwsh ths symfwnias den exei stoxo, alla th diapragmateysh gia thn paraxwrhsh kai allwn tmhmatwn kai leitoyrgiwn toy OLP. Ayto apokalyce h ypoyrgos dhlwnontas oti diapragmateyetai kai thn problhta I, ektos apo th II (SEMPO) poy exei hdh ekxwrhqei".

    To Kommoynistiko Komma kalei toys ergazomenoys "na katadikasoyn th sykofantikh, tromokratikh, ekbiastikh parembash olwn twn ergodotikwn forewn toy Peiraia kai ths xwras kata ths apergias twn limenergatwn. H sysswmh yperaspish ths idiwtikopoihshs apodeixnei to poia tajh yphretei h politikh PASOK - ND" kai prosqetei oti "oi arnhtikes synepeies gia to lao apo thn idiwtikopoihsh toy limanioy, oikonomikes kai oxi mono, qa einai asygkrita megalyteres apo aytes poy qa exei h akyrwsh ths symfwnias".

    Kai katalhgei:

    "H palh twn ergazomenwn mporei na exei apotelesmata mono sth grammh ths plhroys aporrichs kaqe eidoys kai morfhs idiwtikopoihshs twn limaniwn kai twn allwn ypodomwn ths xwras. Mono otan aporriptei kai sygkroyetai me ta ideologhmata twn kommatwn ths ploytokratias kai toy ``eyrwmonodromoy''. Otan symbalei sth diamorfwsh mias isxyrhs laikhs antimonopwliakhs symmaxias".

    [07] "Me eyqynh oi xeirismoi"

    ``Nomizw oti einai ena qema poy prepei na to xeiristei h Kybernhsh me eyqynh. Proteinw epanadiapragmateysh. H Ellada mporei na ejasfalisei poly megalytera posa, alla apo thn allh pleyra, bebaiws, na mhn kanoyme kai to xatiri kapoiwn na diwjoyme toys Kinezoys apo th Mesogeio giati kai ayto qa einai mia diplwmatikh htta'', dhlwse o k. G. Karatzaferhs anaferomenos stis ejelijeis sto limani toy Peiraia.

    Ejalloy, o proedros toy LA.O.S. milwntas gia ta boyleytika aytokinhta anefere oti "de xreiazontai oi boyleytes na exoyn 324 aytokinhta. Einai peritta. Mporoysame kai prin me ta dika mas, mporoyme kai twra. An qeloyme pragmati na kanoyme oikonomia, na jekinhsoyme ap' to kefali".

    [08] "Dhmosios elegxos"

    Me antiproswpeies twn swmateiwn ths Wind kai ths Vodafone, qa synanthqei shmera o k. Alejhs Tsipras.

    "H monh lysh einai na anakthsei to Dhmosio ayto poy toy anhkei. Na anakthsoyme to dhmosio elegxo toy megalyteroy limanioy ths xwras kai na katoxyrwqoyn oi ergasiakes sxeseis gia ekatontades ergazomenoys", tonise o proedros ths KO toy SYRIZA, Alejhs Tsipras, se omilia toy stoys apergoys limenergates, kata thn episkech poy pragmatopoihse sto limani toy Peiraia, mazi me toys boyleytes toy kommatos Q. Dritsa kai P. Lafazanh.

    O k. Tsipras xarakthrise apoikiokratikh th symbash poy exei ypografei me thn COSCO kai ejefrase erwthmatika gia to ti qa kanei h nea kybernhsh.

    O proedros ths Koinoboyleytikhs Omadas toy SYRIZA dhlwse oti einai "ekplhktos qetika", apo toys limenergates gia "thn anidioteleia, thn entimothta, enos agwna gia logariasmo ths koinwnias kai oxi gia logariasmo diko toys", symplhrwnontas oti den prokeitai gia enan agwna poy afora stena kai mono toys ergazomenoys sto limani, alla gia enan agwna poy afora to synolo ths ellhnikhs koinwnias.

    [09] Syskech gia metanastes

    Terma sthn eisodo laqrometanastwn sth xwra apo th qalassa, eyelpistei na balei o neos ypoyrgos Prostasias toy Polith, Mixalhs Xrysoxoidhs, o opoios eixe polywrh synanthsh gia to qema ayto, ston Peiraia, me thn hgesia toy Limenikoy Swmatos, enw parwn htan kai o arxhgos ths EL.AS. antistrathgos Basilhs Tsiatoyras.

    Kata th diarkeia ths syskechs, o arxhgos toy Limenikoy Swmatos, antinayarxos Qeodwros Rentzeperhs, alla kai epixeirhsiakoi ajiwmatikoi toy Limenikoy, epeshmanan thn anagkh eksygxronismoy ths Yphresias toys se proswpiko kai mesa, enw tonisan oti xronia twra prospaqoyn gia to kalytero.

    O neos ypoyrgos anakoinwse seira metrwn, metajy aytwn, thn paysh apelashs twn paidiwn metanastwn poy exoyn megalwsei kai enhlikiwqei sthn Ellada, ypo to kaqestws toy prostateyomenoy meloys ews otoy to qema toys ejetastei.

    Milwntas stoys dhmosiografoys, ekane gnwsto oti to Limeniko Swma qa eksygxronistei kai qa dhmioyrghqei h Ellhnikh Aktofylakh, me arxhgeio kai edra ton Peiraia, enw tonise oti h kybernhsh ejetazei thn amesh apeleyqerwsh 1.200 kratoymenwn allodapwn ypo apelash poy shmera kratoyntai sta astynomika kraththria ths xwras.

    Epishs, epishmane oti h kybernhsh den qa anexqei allo thn aqroa kai mazikh eisodo paranomwn metanastwn alla oyte toys diakinhtes anqrwpinwn cyxwn, enw anaferomenos sto Limeniko Swma eipe xarakthristika oti ``qa metatrapei se mia epixeirhsiakh dynamh me ychles epixeirhsiakes dynatothtes aktofylakhs'', kaqws epishs oti ``me th nea diatajh toy ypoyrgeioy Prostasias toy Polith to L.S. stamata apo kaqe allh drasthriothta''.

    Telos, o ypoyrgos tonise oti an oi Organismoi Limenwn apaitoyn fylajh, opws problepetai apo to dieqnh nomo ISPS Code, na apeyqynqoyn se idiwtikes etairies fylajhs, alliws an xrhsimopoioyn limenikoys qa plhrwnoyn to analogo timhma.

    [10] Aysthrotera krithria

    Na aploysteytoyn oi odhgies poy aforoyn ta kroysmata ths neas griphs sta sxoleia, zhthse apo to Symboylio twn Episthmonwn poy asxoleitai me th griph h ypoyrgos Ygeias Mariliza Jenogiannakopoyloy, h opoia parakoloyqhse th synedriash ths Epitrophs.

    H ypoyrgos Ygeias, tonise oti qa prepei na yparjoyn pio safh kai aysthra krithria gia ton orismo enos "kroysmatos" se kaqe sxoleio, wste na mhn kleinoyn adikaiologhta tajeis, alla kai oloklhra ktiriaka sygkrothmata.

    Bebaia, opws ejhghse h ypoyrgos Ygeias, apo toys deigmatolhptikoys elegxoys poy exoyn ginei mexri shmera, epibebaiwnetai oti ta kroysmata se sxoleia poy exoyn kleisei, htan yparkta kai aforoysan ton io ths neas griphs H1N1. Egine jekaqaro, oti to krithrio gia na qewreitai ena kroysma ws ypopto kai na dikaiologeitai h apomakrynsh toy maqhth apo thn tajh, einai emfanish pyretoy anw twn 38 baqmwn, syn ena allo symptwma apo ayta poy exoyn kaqoristei ws ta symptwmata ths neas griphs.

    Oson afora ta embolia, h k. Jenogiannakopoyloy zhthse apo to Symboylio na gnwmodothsei ews thn erxomenh ebdomada gia to pote qa prepei na jekinhsoyn oi emboliasmoi kata ths neas griphs, alla kai poies omades atomwn qa exoyn proteraiothta se aytoys.

    H ypoyrgos Ygeias enhmerwse akomh to Symboylio gia tis apofaseis twn ypoyrgwn Ygeias ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, kaqws kai gia thn apoch toys oti den xreiazetai na bgainoyn polla diaforetika mhnymata sto koino se sxesh me th nea griph, alla na yparxei synoxh sto kentriko mhnyma twn yphresiwn Ygeias pros to koinwniko synolo.

    Epishs, toys anefere oti sth synodo twn ypoyrgwn Ygeias ths EE egine safes oti gia na antimetwpistei h pandhmia ths neas griphs, einai shmantiko na yparjei synergasia twn ypoyrgeiwn Ygeias kaqe xwras kai me alloys foreis, opws alla ypoyrgeia, armodiothtes twn opoiwn mporei na sxetizontai me thn pandhmia.


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