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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-11-11

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Oi ejelijeis sto metwpo ths Oikonomias
  • [02] Metra ypoyrgeioy Paideias gia nea griph
  • [03] To metro ths Qessalonikhs eide. . . fws
  • [04] Sth Dikaiosynh prosefyge h Olympic Air
  • [05] Kaqe fwtografia kai... mia istoria
  • [06] "Systrateysh kata ths bias"
  • [07] "H koinwnia den antexei"
  • [08] Anoije to limani
  • [09] "Neo qesmiko plaisio"
  • [10] Korwna h grammata;

    [01] Oi ejelijeis sto metwpo ths Oikonomias

    O ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy paroysiase stis Bryjelles tis basikes proteraiothtes ths neas kybernhshs sta oikonomika zhthmata kai eidikotera tis prwtes prwtoboylies poy protiqetai na analabei toso gia thn tonwsh ths dieqnoys ajiopistias ths xwras oso kai gia thn mesoproqesmh ejygiansh twn dhmosiwn oikonomikwn ths.

    O G. Papakwnstantinoy, opws ypogrammise se dhlwseis toy pros toys dhmosiografoys ligo meta to peras twn ergasiwn toy Symboylioy, paroysiase analytika stoys omologoys toy to plaisio twn nomoqetikwn protasewn poy exei hdh ypoballei alla kai poy protiqetai na prowqhsei gia thn anejarthtopoihsh toy tropoy leitoyrgias ths Eqnikhs Statistikhs Yphresias ths Elladas. Desmeyqhke akomh oti h poiothta twn stoixeiwn poy qa parexei h ESYE qa epalhqeyontai apo anejarthth arxh, epishmainontas parallhla oti zhthse apo thn Eyrwpaikh Statistikh Yphresia na symbalei sth diamorfwsh toy sxetikoy elegktikoy plaisioy.

    Synexizontas o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn anefere oti paroysiase, se adres grammes, ta basika stoixeia toy prosxedioy toy proypologismoy gia to 2010 ypogrammizontas oti problepei meiwsh toy dhmosionomikoy elleimmatos ths xwras ths tajews toy 3,3%, dhladh apo to 12,7% sto 9,4%. H mish meiwsh qa proelqei, opws anefere o ypoyrgos, apo diarqrwtikoy xarakthra metra, enw h synolikh diorqwsh qa ofeiletai kata 60% sthn ayjhsh twn kratikwn esodwn kai kata 40% sth meiwsh twn kratikwn dapanwn. Erwthqeis o ypoyrgos an tiqetai qema anamorfwshs megeqwn toy proypologismoy apanthse oti sthn paroysa fash ejelissetai h koinoboyleytikh diadikasia gia thn egkrish toy kai synepws to endexomeno allagwn einai antikeimeno diaboyleysewn.

    O ypoyrgos Oikonomias tonise sth synexeia th shmasia poy apodidei h nea kybernhsh sthn efarmogh ajiopistwn oikonomikwn politikwn ta epomena xronia kai eidikotera th boylhsh ths na anamorfwsei rizika ton tropo katartishs twn kratikwn proypologismwn. Pros ton skopo ayto h kybernhsh protiqetai na zhthsei thn texnikh bohqeia dieqnwn oikwn ajiologhshs. O ypoyrgos anaferqhke akomh se mia seira metrwn opws h anamorfwsh toy forologikoy systhmatos kai h katarghsh ths aytoteloys forologhshs. Shmeiwse thn kataqesh, peri ton Martio, neoy forologikoy nomosxedioy poy qa aposkopei metajy allwn kai sth dieyrynsh ths forologikhs bashs, alla kai tis epikeimenes allages se seira tomewn opws to anoigma twn kleistwn epaggelmatwn, thn katarghsh twn staz, thn ejiswsh twn oriwn ths hlikias syntajiodothshs, thn diamorfwsh eniaioy kentroy gia tis plhrwmes twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn, th stadiakh meiwsh toys me thn efarmogh, ek neoy, ths arxhs ``dyo syntajiodotoyntai enas proslambanetai'' k.a.

    Sxoliazontas ejalloy th anakoinwsh toy Symboylioy sxetika me ta nea problhmata poy parathroyntai sta ellhnika statistika stoixeia, o ypoyrgos Oikonomias epiteqhke drimytata sthn apelqoysa kybernhsh toso gia ta xalkeymena stoixeia poy edine stis Bryjelles oso kai gia to synolikotero tropo diaxeirishs twn dhmosiwn oikonomikwn ta opoia opws tonise exoyn odhghqei se ektroxiasmo. Tonise oti stoxos ths shmerinhs kybernhshs einai na mhn klhqei na katabalei to timhma twn laqwn ths prohgoymenhs kybernhshs o mesos Ellhnas poliths, enw erwthqeis ``pote qa yparjei fws sthn akrh toy toynel'' apanthse oti o agwnas ths kybernhshs gia th dhmosionomikh ejygiansh ``qa einai Maraqwnios kai oxi agwnas taxythtas''. O ypoyrgos epishmane akomh oti anaforika me ta zhthmata toy daneismoy h Ellada den antimetwpizei kapoio idiaitero problhma, tonizontas omws oti ton anhsyxoyn idiaitera ta mhnymata poy lambanoyn oi agores.

    Erwthqeis an qa prepei na katalogisqoyn sygkekrimenes eyqynes gia thn paroxh ceydwn stoixeiwn apo thn Aqhna stis Bryjelles o ypoyrgos Oikonomias tonise oti proswpikws tassetai panta yper toy katalogismoy twn eyqynwn se proswpa kai shmeiwse oti qa topoqethqei afoy labei ta porismata twn sxetikwn dioikhtikwn elegxwn. Afhse epishs na ennohqei oti, opws kai kata to parelqon eixe epishmanei, meridio eyqynhs feroyn piqanotata kai oi armodies gia th dhmosionomikh katastash twn kratwn melwn koinotikes yphresies.

    Telos, o Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy anaferqhke kai stis aixmhres parembaseis poy apo polles pleyres yphrjan sxetika me thn katastash ths ellhnikhs oikonomias kai thn ajiopistia twn statistikwn stoixeiwn ths. Shmeiwse oti o Epitropos Almoynia enhmerwse to Symboylio pws ayrio qa proteinei thn ypagwgh ths Elladas stis diadikasies poy problepei to arqro 104 paragrafos 8 ths Synqhkhs toy Maastrixt gia tis xwres me yperbolika elleimmata, alla kai seira epishmansewn toy proedroy ths Eyrwpaikhs Kentrikhs Trapezas Zan Klont Trise gia tis misqologikes politikes poy efarmozontai sthn Ellada.

    Katalhgontas o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn anefere oti zhthse apo to Symboylio na antimetwpisei thn Ellada me pneyma realismoy kai oxi ekdikhtikothtas kai desmeyqhke oti ws tis arxes toy 2010, opote qa exei ypoblhqei kai to epikairopoihmeno programma staqerothtas ths ellhnikhs oikonomias qa exoyn eparkh deigmata grafhs apo th nea ellhnikh kybernhsh ta opoia qa epibebaiwnoyn th diaqesh ths na antimetwpisei apotelesmatika ta meizona problhmata ths ellhnikhs oikonomias.

    Pieseis apo thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph

    Thn apofash ths na klimakwsei tis pieseis ths kata ths Ellados ypagagontas thn sta osa problepei to arqro 104, paragrafos 8, ths Synqhkhs toy Maastrix gia tis xwres me yperbolika elleimmata, anamenetai na anakoinwsei shmera h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph.

    Sto 14selido, synodeytiko ths apofashs ths Epitrophs keimeno, poy afora thn Ellada, anaferontai analytika oi logoi gia toys opoioys h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph odhgeitai se ayth thn apofash.

    Sygkekrimena ypogrammizetai oti to ellhniko dhmosionomiko elleimma ekleise to 2008 sto 7,7% toy AEP enanti 3,7% poy htan h arxikh problech kai qa yperbei to 12% to 2009. Antistoixws to dhmosio xreos ekleise to 2008 sto 99,3% toy AEP kai anamenetai na ftasei to 102,6% to 2009.

    Symfwna me thn Epitroph, h epideinwsh ayth ofeiletai sto gegonos oti ta kratika esoda apodeiknyontai gia to 2009 kata 3,5% mikrotera, enw oi dapanes kata 2,5% megalyteres. H Epitroph ypogrammizei oti ayto ofeiletai sthn adynamia twn mhxanismwn eisprajhs twn forwn sthn Ellada alla kai sto gegonos oti den dinontai stoys polites kinhtra gia na einai forologika synepeis. Epishmainetai akoma oti oi ayjhseis to 2008 kai to 2009 htan megalyteres apo ton plhqwrismo kai oti ayto dhmioyrgei problhmata sthn antagwnistikothta ths ellhnikhs oikonomias.

    Me bash ta anwterw, h Epitroph anamenetai na proteinei shmera thn ypagwgh ths Elladas sto arqro 104 paragrafos 8 ths Synqhkhs, poy apotelei ton proqalamo gia thn ypagwgh ths sto arqro 104, paragrafos 9, ths Synqhkhs.

    Dhlwseis X. Almoynia

    Toso h shmerinh ellhnikh kybernhsh oso kai h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph anagnwrizoyn oti den yphrje apotelesmatikh drash toys teleytaioys eji mhnes gia thn efarmogh twn systasewn poy eixe apeyqynei thn Anoijh to Symboylio ypoyrgwn oikonomias ths EE pros thn Ellada, sxetika me th meiwsh toy elleimmatos katw apo to orio toy 3%.

    Ayto dhlwse apo tis Bryjelles o armodios gia tis oikonomikes ypoqeseis epitropos Xoakin Almoynia meta thn oloklhrwsh twn ergasiwn toy Symboylioy ypoyrgwn oikonomias ths EE.

    Sth synexeia o koinotikos epitropos anefere oti me bash ayth thn ejelijh, h Epitroph se diasthma 2-3 mhnwn qa epanelqei me nees protaseis gia ta epomena bhmata poy qa prepei na akoloyqhqoyn sthn prospaqeia dhmosionomikhs ejygianshs ths Elladas.

    Ejalloy, klhqeis meta th synedriash toy Eurogroup na sxoliasei tis basikes kateyqynseis toy prosxedioy proypologismoy toy 2010, tis opoies paroysiase o ypoyrgos oikonomikwn Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy stoys omologoys toy, o koinotikos epitropos afoy eipe oti eixe mia sxetikh syzhthsh gia to qema ayto me ton k. Papakwnstantinoy tonise sth synexeia oti qa anameinei thn kataqesh sthn ellhnikh Boylh toy telikoy sxedioy toy proypologismoy stis 20 Noembrioy prin topoqethqei epishmws.

    [02] Metra ypoyrgeioy Paideias gia nea griph

    Se efarmogh qetei to ypoyrgeio Paideias, Dia Bioy Maqhshs kai Qrhskeymatwn, oloklhrwmenh desmh metrwn gia thn antimetwpish ths neas griphs, me stoxo thn apotelesmatikoterh prolhch, th diarkh enhmerwsh ths ekpaideytikhs koinothtas kai thn eyryqmh leitoyrgia twn sxoleiwn.

    Sygkekrimena, apo to ypoyrgeio anakoinwqhke :

    1. To Ypoyrgeio Paideias ajiopoiwntas thn yparxoysa diadiktyakh ypodomh toy, proxwrhse se aploysteysh ths diadikasias kaqhmerinhs enhmerwshs ths kinhtikothtas twn maqhtwn. H efarmogh jekinhse stis 9.11.2009 kai stoxos einai h kaqhmerinh hlektronikh, amesh kai ajiopisth enhmerwsh apo kaqe baqmida ekpaideyshs ths xwras. Taytoxrona, enhmerwnetai to KEELPNO, to EKEPY kai h kentrikh yphresia toy Ypoyrgeioy Ygeias, prokeimenoy na ejagontai ta aparaithta iatrika symperasmata gia thn poreia ths griphs.

    2. Egine sygkentrwsh kai kathgoriopoihsh twn syxnoterwn erwthmatwn twn gonewn sxetika me th nea griph kai twn apanthsewn toys. Ayto to enhmerwtiko yliko anarthqhke apo shmera sthn istoselida toy Ypoyrgeioy Paideias kai toy Panellhnioy Sxolikoy Diktyoy.

    3. Se synergasia me to Paidagwgiko Institoyto oloklhrwqhke o sxediasmos gia thn anaplhrwsh ths didakteas ylhs:

    -Otan h anastolh leitoyrgias twn tmhmatwn einai mexri 15 hmeres, oi Dieyqyntes Ekpaideyshs se synergasia me toys Sxolikoys Symboyloys kai toys Syllogoys Didaskontwn, ofeiloyn na frontisoyn gia thn anaplhrwsh ths didakteas ylhs.

    -Se periptwsh poy sxoleia h tmhmata anasteiloyn thn leitoyrgia toys gia perissoteres apo 2 ebdomades, to Paidagwgiko Institoyto exei hdh kaqorisei tropopoihmenh didaktea ylh.

    4. Se synergasia me thn KEDKE kai thn ENAE sygkroteitai Koinh Diarkhs Epitroph gia na antimetwpistei, metajy allwn, kai to qema ths kaqariothtas sta sxoleia. Hdh, dieyqethqhke to qema twn oikonomikwn ofeilwn. Epipleon, meta apo egkrish apo to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn posoy 435.000 eyrw proxwrame sthn diaqesh toy parapanw posoy sta sxoleia ths xwras gia thn promhqeia ylikoy me skopo thn antimetwpish ths griphs.

    5. Sygkrothqhke Omada Diaxeirishs Neas Griphs (ODANG) sto Ypoyrgeio gia th diaxeirish kai to syntonismo twn qematwn poy prokyptoyn sxetika me th nea griph. H omada qa parakoloyqei thn ejelijh ths griphs sta sxoleia, qa ananewnei to yliko sthn istoselida toy Ypoyrgeioy kai qa synergazetai me to Ypoyrgeio Ygeias kai kaqe allo emplekomeno forea.

    6. Gia plhresterh kai epikairopoihmenh enhmerwsh twn ekpaideytikwn kai twn stelexwn ekpaideyshs programmatizetai se synergasia me to KEELPNO enas deyteros gyros epimorfwtikwn synanthsewn ana Perifereia, se olh thn xwra.

    7. H Dieyqynsh Ekpaideytikhs Radiothleorashs exei ekponhsei eidiko thleoptiko programma ekpaideytikoy periexomenoy to opoio qa arxisei na proballetai molis ejasfalistei o apaitoymenos xronos apo thn ERT kai to kanali ths Boylhs. To programma ayto exei hdh egkriqei apo to Paidagwgiko Institoyto, afora oles tis baqmides ekpaideyshs, einai synolikhs diarkeias 3 wrwn kaqhmerina (30b gia tis treis prwtes tajeis toy Dhmotikoy kai 30b gia tis treis teleytaies tajeis, 1 wra gia to Gymnasio kai 1 wra gia to Lykeio) kai kalyptei xrono metadoshs 4 ebdomadwn.

    [03] To metro ths Qessalonikhs eide. . . fws

    O ``Kwstikas'' eide fws kai. . . bghke. O logos gia ton prwto "metropontika", poy oloklhrwse to sxedon eptamhno ypogeio tajidi toy, katw apo kentro ths Qessalonikhs, kai bghke sto fws ths hmeras, sto ergotajio toy metro, sth stash Panepisthmioy.

    To 1.650 tonwn, mhkoys 100 metrwn, mhxanhma dianoijhs ths shraggas, poy jekinhse apo to Sidhrodromiko Staqmo ton perasmeno Aprilio, "ypodexqhkan", sto baqoys peripoy 30 metrwn ``orygma'', ap' opoy sto ejhs qa bgainoyn ta ylika apo thn ekskafh gia tis shragges toy metro, o yfypoyrgos Ypodomwn, Metaforwn kai Diktywn, Giannhs Magkriwths, oi ekproswpoi ths "Attiko Metro" kai twn etairiwn ths anadoxoy kataskeyastrias koinoprajias, kaqws kai ergates.

    O "metropontikas" gkremise kai to teleytaio kommati toixoy poy xwrize th shragga apo to ergotajio kai oi xeiristes toy, Ellhnes kai Italoi (apo tis italikes etairies poy symmetexoyn sthn koinoprajia) bghkan apo to qalamo xeirismoy toy mhxanhmatos, kratwntas ellhnikes kai italikes shmaies, gia na giortasoyn th sygkinhtikh synanthsh, me osoys toys perimenan apo thn allh pleyra, sto fws ths hmeras.

    ``Kaqenas poy eixe thn eykairia na zhsei ayth th stigmh, mono xara kai sygkinhsh mporei na niwqei'', dhlwse o yfypoyrgos Ypodomwn.

    O k. Magkriwths aphyqyne mhnyma enothtas pros oloys toys politikoys kai koinwnikoys foreis, wste na epitaxynqoyn oi ryqmoi kataskeyhs toy metro, enw ektos apo osoys ergasthkan gia na fqasei sto shmerino shmeio to ergo eyxaristhse kai thn prohgoymenh hgesia toy ypoyrgeioy PEXWDE, ton Giwrgo Soyflia.

    ``Prepei na afhsoyme pisw ola ayta poy mas dixasan, poy mas stenoxwrhsan kai dhmioyrghsan megales kaqysterhseis gia to metro panw apo dekapente xronia twra. To metro mas enwnei oloys kai etsi prepei na to agkaliasoyme kai na yposthrijoyme thn oloklhrwsh toy, na doylecoyme gia na jeperasoyme tis kaqysterhseis, ta problhmata poy exoyn paroysiasqei. Qa diasfalisoyme grhgora tis lyseis twn problhmatwn, tis anagkaies meletes poy xreiazontai kai thn ejasfalish xrhmatodothshs gia thn oloklhrwsh ths basikhs grammhs twn 9,6 xiliometrwn'', anefere o yfypoyrgos.

    O k. Magkriwths ejefrase thn pepoiqhsh oti syntoma qa antimetwpisqoyn problhmata poy exoyn na kanoyn toso me to syntonismo ths "Attiko Metro" me th "Metro Qessalonikhs", oso kai zhthmata poy sxetizontai me th synergasia kratikwn forewn, idiaitera me foreis toy ypoyrgeioy Politismoy, gia ta arxaiologika eyrhmata poy erxontai sto fws kata tis ergasies kataskeyhs toy ergoy. ``Einai ena qema poy pisteyw poly syntoma qa to lysoyme me ton k. Geroylano kai tis armodies yphresies'', eipe.

    Sxetika me tis ejelijeis poy aforoyn th sxediazomenh epektash ths grammhs toy metro pros thn Kalamaria, meta thn prosfath apofash toy Symboylioy ths Epikrateias, poy ekrine mh nomimes tis diadikasies anaforika me thn tropopoihsh toy rymotomikoy sxedioy sth Mikra, o yfypoyrgos gnwstopoihse oti ``ejetazontai enallaktikes lyseis gia na eimaste mesa stis proqesmies sto diagwnismo''.

    O k. Magkriwths den qelhse na anaferqei se xronodiagramma oloklhrwshs ths basikhs grammhs toy metro. Apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh, epishmane oti ``xreiazetai kalh proetoimasia, wste na dwsoyme oso ginetai pio asfaleis hmeromhnies'', prosqetontas oti syntoma qa einai se qesh na tis anakoinwsei.

    [04] Sth Dikaiosynh prosefyge h Olympic Air

    Sth Dikaiosynh prosefyge h dioikhsh ths Olympic Air, prokeimenoy na apeleyqerwqoyn oi xwroi sthn texnikh bash ths prwhn Olympiakhs, poy einai gematoi apo ejoplismo kai antallaktika, me apotelesma h nea etairia na mhn mporei na xrhsimopoihsei toys xwroys aytoys poy exei noikiasei.

    Sygkekrimena, opws anaferetai se sxetikh anakoinwsh, h dioikhsh ths "Olympik Air", ystera apo epaneilhmmena ejwdika ston ekkaqaristh na apomakrynqei o megalhs ajias ejoplismos aytos, poy exei egkataleifqei kai apajiwnetai, prosefyge sto Eirhnodikeio Korwpioy zhtwntas th lhch asfalistikwn metrwn kai thn apeleyqerwsh twn xwrwn ths "Olympic Engineering", opws legetai pleon h Texnikh Bash, poy katalambanontai apo ton parathmeno ejoplismo ths palaias etairias.

    Symfwna me thn aithsh ths Olympic Engineering, to 60% toy Ktirioy 56, dhladh stegasmenoi xwroi 44.839 t.m. kai oloi oi xwroi toy Ktirioy 57, embadoy 13.112 t.m. katalambanontai apo ylika ths palaias etairias me apotelesma h nea Olympiakh na mhn mporei na xrhsimopoihsei toys xwroys.

    H aithsh qa dikastei stis 25 Noembrioy 2009.

    [05] Kaqe fwtografia kai... mia istoria

    O fakos toys kategrace thn istoria ths polhs toys, ta proswpa, ta gegonota, tis eikones ths kaqhmerinothtas kai ayto to ``kati'' poy xarakthrizei mia epoxh kai enan topo. To apotelesma kaqe fora htan diaforetiko, epeidh kaqe perioxh exei kai th dikh ths diadromh. Koinos, omws, paronomasths twn fwtografwn ths Kastorias, ths Katerinhs kai ths Edessas htan kai einai h antoxh toy ergoy toys sto xrono.

    H Kastoria, kata thn periodo toy Makedonikoy Agwna, janazwntaneyei shmera mesa apo to ergo toy Lewnida Papazogloy, h metapolemikh diadromh ths Katerinhs pairnei morfh sth fwtografikh jenaghsh toy Sabba Tsiliggiridh, gnwstoy ws "SaTsi", enw h Edessa kalei ton episkepth na th gnwrisei, mesa apo th fwtografikh apotypwsh toy shmerinoy, Spyroy Paloykh.

    Lewnidas Papazogloy - Fwtografika portreta apo thn Kastoria

    Mprosta apo to fako toy parelasan, dixws diakrish, oi Ellhnes antartes, oi Boylgaroi komitatzhdes kai oi Toyrkoi stratiwtes, opws epishs oi xwrikoi ths perifereias kai oi astoi twn polewn kai twn megalwn xwriwn. Oloi toys pozaran mprosta apo ton aparaithto, zwgrafismeno moysama, poy kalypte apo pisw ntoybaria kai dromoys kai edine thn ceydaisqhsh eidylliakoy topioy h polyteloys toixografhmenoy dwmatioy.

    O Lewnidas Papazogloy gennhqhke sthn Kastoria, to 1872. Neos phge mazi me toys goneis toy kai ton mikrotero adelfo toy sthn Kwnstantinoypolh, opoy ta dyo adelfia maqhteysan thn texnh ths fwtografias sto atelie agnwstoy fwtografoy. Meta to qanato twn gonewn toy, epestrece me ton adelfo toy sthn Kastoria kai aneptyje ploysia fwtografikh drasthriothta sthn eyryterh perioxh, mexri th Siatista kai ta Grebena, kata thn periodo 1890 -1899. Koryfaia stigmh toy ergoy toy apotelei h fwtografhsh toy tafoy toy Payloy Mela.

    Shmera, to arxeio toy einai qhsayros gia thn Kastoria kai gia thn istoria ths fwtografias oxi mono se topiko alla kai se panellhnio epipedo. Fwtografika portreta toy ektiqentai edw kai ligo kairo sto arxontiko Bergoy, se mia synergasia toy Dhmoy, ths Dhmotikhs Politistikhs Epixeirhshs kai toy Moyseioy Fwtografias Qessalonikhs me skopo na paroysiastoyn sto eyry koino eikones kai skhnes apo thn istoria ths polhs.

    SaTsi - Mia jenaghsh sthn Katerinh toy perasmenoy aiwna

    Tis kaqhmerines istories ths metapolemikhs diadromhs ths Katerinhs, thn epoxh poy h polh arxise na organwnetai, apotypwse o fakos toy Sabba Tsiliggiridh, gnwstoy ws "SaTsi".

    O Sabbas Tsiliggiridhs gennhqhke to 1924 sth Fatsa, sta paralia toy Pontoy. Ezhse thn prosfygia kai egkatastaqhke me thn oikogeneia toy sthn perioxh ths Katerinhs. Asxolhqhke me th zwgrafikh, th moysikh kai to tragoydi, enw meta to 1945 kai tis dyskoles meres ths katoxhs eishxqh sthn Iatrikh Sxolh ths Qessalonikhs. Sta xronia toy emfylioy epistrateythke, omws tria xronia argotera, me hqiko pesmeno gia toys xamenoys symfoithtes toy, apofasise na diakocei tis spoydes toy.

    Tote, arxise na apotypwnei maties kai entypwseis me ton fwtografiko toy fako. Emaqe ta mystika ths fwtografikhs texnhs kai dhmioyrghse, to 1952, thn prwth toy epaggelmatikh stegh. Ta matia toy mageythkan apo ta topia toy Olympoy kai twn Pieriwn, apo thn omorfia mias gynaikas, apo ta kymata poy xtypoyn tis aktes ths Katerinhs, apo to moxqo twn nearwn andrwn poy jekinhsan ton qerismo, apo thn agrotissa poy jexortariazei th gh, apo to prwto nero poy jepetaxthke gia na ydrodothsei gia prwth fora thn polh.

    To "paramyqi" ths Katerinhs jetyligetai mexri tis 22 Noembrioy sthn ekqesh fwtografiwn toy SaTsi, stis aiqoyses ths Astikhs Sxolhs Aikaterinhs, sto plaisio twn ekdhlwsewn "Aikaterineia 2009".

    Edessa - Olh h polh se dyo deyterolepta

    ``Einai gnwsto pws ta matia toy anqrwpoy anoigokleinoyn kaqe deyterolepto. Fantasteite twra, se dyo petarismata twn matiwn sas na mporoysate na deite olh thn Edessa. Kai omws, oso apiqano kai an akoygetai, ayto symbainei ston kosmo ths fwtografias'', leei o fwtografos Spyros Paloykhs, sto leykwma poy dhmioyrghse me ton titlo ``Edessa''. Se ayto, oi perissoteres fwtografies exoyn trabhxtei me taxythta kleistroy 1/125 toy deyteroleptoy. Dhladh, gia tis peripoy diakosies eikones poy paroysiazontai sto biblio, o fwtografikos xronos poy xreiasthke "aggizei" ta dyo deyterolepta. Me alla logia, h Edessa "perikleietai" se ena xroniko diasthma molis dyo deyteroleptwn.

    O Spyros Paloykhs, enas sygxronos fwtografos, mesa apo to leykwma toy epidiwkei na "jorkisei" to xrono kai na proballei eikones apo thn paradosh ths Edessas, ta palia epaggelmata poy kataferan na epibiwsoyn, ta palia arxontika poy diathrhqhkan, to ydatino stoixeio apo toys katarraktes, toys anqrwpoys ths kaqhmerinothtas, tis fysikes omorfies toy topoy.

    ``Oi sygkekrimenes fwtografies apotypwnoyn chgmata twn teleytaiwn spasmwn mias makrinhs epoxhs poy feygei, anazwpyrwnontas me megalyterh lamprothta ayto poy xanetai'', anaferei xarakthristika o fwtografos ths Edessas.

    Keimeno: P. Gioyltsh

    [06] "Systrateysh kata ths bias"

    Se "koinwnikh antistash ws aspida sth drash twn antiejoysiastwn" kalese o k. G. Karatzaferhs ton prwqypoyrgo, enocei toy epikeimenoy 20hmeroy metajy ths 17hs Noembrioy kai ths 6hs Dekembrioy.

    ``To kayto 20hmero metajy ths 17hs Noembrioy kai ths 6hs Dekembrioy, hmera dolofonias toy nearoy Grhgoropoyloy, plhsiazei. Me proparaskeyastikes energeies, opws ayth ths Ag. Paraskeyhs, h piqanothta biaiothtwn ek meroys twn pashs morfhs antiejoysiastwn me hmedapa kai allodapa efalthria einai safhs. Pisteyw oti einai aparaithth mia koinwnikh antistash poy qa leitoyrghsei ws aspida apenanti se proqeseis kai energeies blaptikes gia th Dhmokratia kai thn en genei dieqnh eikona ths Elladas. Kalw ton Prwqypoyrgo n' analabei mia analogh prwtoboylia kalwntas ola ta kommata na systrateyqoyn apenanti sth bia kai thn apopeira aposaqrwshs twn Dhmokratikwn domwn ths koinwnias. Einai kairos o kaqenas n' analabei eyqews tis eyqynes toy. Oxi allo aima. Oxi allh anarxia. Oxi allos fobos'', anefere xarakthristika o proedros toy LA.O.S.

    ``Enw to PA.SO.K anoigei thn atzenta se krisima qemata toso ths ejwterikhs oso kai ths eswterikhs politikhs, h N.D. sparassetai kai epididetai se kinhseis entypwsiasmoy ths koinhs gnwmhs. H ajiwmatikh antipoliteysh xanei polytimo xrono gia mia oysiastikh antiparaqesh me to PA.SO.K, to opoio xtizei to kommatiko kratos. H synqesh twn G.G. twn Ypoyrgeiwn apodeiknyei toy logoy to alhqes'', tonizei se anakoinwsh toy o ekproswpos Typoy toy LA.O.S. me aformh thn anakoinwsh ths sthrijhs toy D. Abramopoyloy ston Antwnh Samara.

    Sxetika me tis epafes toy k. Papakwnstantinoy me ton k. Almoynia kai alloys paragontes ths E.E. stis Bryjelles, o k. Kwsths Aibaliwths dhlwse ta ejhs:

    ``Eixame elpisei oti o k. Papakwnstantinoy, ws Proedros ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys, qa eixe kapoia epirroh stoys sosialistes poy briskontai se qeseis kleidia. Ap' oti fainetai, o sosialisths k. Almoynia den sygkineitai ap' tis ikesies toy Proedroy toy kai toy ekproswpoy toy k. Papakwnstantinoy. Einai profanes oti stoys kolpoys ths E.E. eimaste oi pio anypolhptoi. Mprabo sto PA.SO.K kai th N.D. poy to katorqwsan...''.

    [07] "H koinwnia den antexei"

    Epikairh erwthsh kateqese ston prwqypoyrgo o proedros ths K.O. toy SYRIZA Al. Tsipras me qema thn metarryqmish kai xrhmatodothsh toy asfalistikoy systhmatos.

    ``H kybernhsh prokeimenoy na kerdisei pistwsh xronoy apo toys kyrioys Trise kai Almoynia, einai etoimh na qysiasei to asfalistiko systhma kai tis ergasiakes sxeseis'' dhlwse o proedros ths KO toy SYRIZA Alejhs Tsipras kai prosqese oti h koinwnia den antexei alles pieseis, hdh ``ta asfalistika tameia einai adeia ejaitias toy tropoy me ton opoio ta diaxeiristhkan oi prohgoymenes kybernhseis sto xrhmatisthriako tzogo kai sta omologa''.

    O k. Tsipras "proeidopoihse" thn kybernhsh pws ``an yioqethsei tis pieseis gia xalarwsh twn ergasiakwn sxesewn kai gia dialysh toy asfalistikoy systhmatos qa breqei mprosta se mia prwtofanh koinwnikh ekrhjh''.

    ``Den apotelei diejodo apo thn krish h syrriknwsh ths koinwnikhs synoxhs. Diejodo apo thn krish apotelei h prooptikh ths enisxyshs ths apasxolhshs kai ths diathrhshs kai enisxyshs toy koinwnikoy kratoys'' tonise o epikefalhs toy SYRIZA.

    Me aformh thn epeteio twn 20 xronwn apo thn ptwsh toy Teixoys toy Berolinoy o k. Tsipras dhlwse: ``20 xronia meta thn ptwsh toy teixoys toy Berolinoy gia thn dikh mas Aristera poy diekdikei na gkremisei ta teixh poy ycwnontai pantoy gyrw mas ena einai to mhnyma: o sosialismos, h qa einai dhmokratikos h den qa yparjei''.

    [08] Anoije to limani

    Thn anastolh twn apergiakwn toys kinhtopoihsewn apofasisan meta apo maraqwnia synedriash ta dioikhtika symboylia ths OMYLE kai ths Enwshs Limenergatwn OLP.

    Prohgoymenws eixe pragmatopoihqei synanthsh me to neo dieyqynonta symboylo toy OLP Giwrgo Anwmerith.

    Etsi apo shmera oi 1.500 limenergates epistrefoyn kanonika stis ergasies toys sto staqmo emporeymatokibwtiwn sto emporiko limani toy Peiraia.

    O k. Anwmeriths eixe diabebaiwsei nwritera toys ergazomenoys oti to ergasiako kaqestws toys qa einai apokleistika qema OLP AE, qa diathrhqoyn akeraies oles oi qeseis ergasias.

    H hgesia ths SEP AE tonise oti oloi oi neoi ergazomenoi poy qa proslhfqoyn qa einai Ellhnes polites, enw gia to qema toy tropoy timologhshs qa yparjei synennohsh.

    Ejalloy, paranomh kai kataxrhstikh kriqhke h apergia twn ergazomenwn ston OLP, apo to Monomeles Prwtodikeio toy Peiraia. Kata twn apergwn eixan prosfygei ta Epimelhthria ths xwras, kaqws kai 48 epixeirhseis.

    [09] "Neo qesmiko plaisio"

    ``Polla elleimmata sthn efarmogh toy antikapnistikoy nomoy'', diapistwnei h ypoyrgos Ygeias, Mariliza Jenogiannakopoyloy, h opoia sth synenteyjh Typoy ths Dieyqynshs Ygeias kai Prostasias Katanalwth ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, tonise oti epanajiologei to qesmiko plaisio, wste na beltiwqei kai na ginei pio apotelesmatikos o nomos.

    Shmeiwse de, oti akomh kai ws antipoliteysh, to PASOK eixe askhsei kritikh gia tis ekfanseis, poy yphrxan sto nomo kai thn plhrh apoysia dioikhtikwn apofasewn, poy qa epetrepan na yparxei apotelesmatikh efarmogh toy.

    H ka Jenogiannakopoyloy ejefrase thn anagkh na enhmerwqoyn oi neoteres hlikies, prokeimenoy na mh ginetai enarjh toy kapnismatos kai ejhghse oti den arkoyn mono ta dioikhtika metra kai h epibolh toy nomoy, paroti einai anagkaia. Qa prepei na ginei enhmerwsh kai eyaisqhtopoihsh.

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o proedros ths Syntonistikhs Epitrophs gia ton elegxo toy Kapnismatos sthn Ellada, kaqhghths Fysiologias ths Anapnohs, P. Mpexrakhs, zhthse ``na arqoyn oles oi ejaireseis apo th nomoqesia'', epikaloymenos thn apagoreysh ths ypaiqrias diafhmishs, h opoia ``stefqhke me megalh epityxia kai apodeiknyei oti xwris ejaireseis ta pragmata proxwroyn''.

    Zhthse, epishs, na ayjhqei h timh twn tsigarwn, ws ena akomh metro, poy qa dwsei th dynatothta na elattwqei to kapnisma sta paidia kai qa leitoyrghsei kai ws kinhtro gia na to kocoyn oi megaloi. Proteine ekpaideytika programmata se sxoleia kai stoxeymenes draseis gia th gynaika, alla kai thn idrysh iatreiwn diakophs kapnismatos gia tis egkyoys.

    Parontes sth synenteyjh htan kai oi ypeyqynoi toy programmatos HELP, oi opoioi anakoinwsan thn idrysh enos diadiktyakoy topoy, o opoios qa apeyqynetai se paidia kai efhboys kai me th xrhsh kinoymenwn sxediwn qa mporoyn na pernoyn mhnymata kata toy kapnismatos, alla kai ta paidia, me diadrastikoys tropoys, na dexontai symboyles gia thn apofygh toy kapnismatos.

    Opws einai gnwsto, to HELP einai programma ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, poy exei arxisei apo to 2005, ejelissetai synexws kai stoxeyei sth diakoph, h mh enarjh toy kapnismatos, stis hlikes apo 15 ews 35 xronwn.

    [10] Korwna h grammata;

    Oloi gnwrizoyn oti otan kaneis paizei "korwna h grammata", oi piqanothtes einai panta mises-mises, oson afora thn pleyra poy qa prosgeiwqei to nomisma. Ayto, allwste, lene qewrhtika kai oi nomoi twn piqanothtwn sth statistikh. Mono poy den einai alhqeia, symfwna me treis ereynhtes toy panepisthmioy Stanfornt kai Kalifornias-Santa Kroyz.

    Opws yposthrizoyn, afoy prohgoymenws xrhsimopoihsan binteokamera ychlhs analyshs gia na katagracoyn apeira "korwna-grammata", ena nomisma einai telika pio piqano, otan pesei katw, na exei pros ta panw thn epifaneia ekeinh, thn opoia eixe apo panw kai prin jekinhsei thnb¦pthsh toy. Me alla logia, an kapoios krata sta daxtyla toy ena nomisma, me panw pleyra ta grammata, kai sth synexeia rijei ston aera to nomisma, ayto einai piqanotero, otan ftasei sto edafos, na synexisei na deixnei thn pleyra me ta grammata.

    Poso pio piqano einai na symbei ayto; Toylaxiston 51%, lene oi amerikanoi episthmones, alla to pososto mporei na anebei sto kaqoloy eykatafronhto 55% h kai sto 60%, analoga me ton tropo poy rixnei to nomisma ston aera aytos poy paizei. Synepws, den exoyme na kanoyme me ena paignidi kaqarhs tyxhs, alla me ena paignidi sto opoio ypeiserxontai ki alloi paragontes.

    Symfwna me toys ereynhtes, h ekbash den exei na kanei toso me to poso chla petagetai to nomisma, thn taxythta kai thn fora toy anemoy kata th stigmh ths richs, thn qermokrasia klp., oso me ton tropo ths richs, wste to nomisma na meinei ston aera perissoterh wra sthn pleyra me thn opoia jekinhse, kati poy ayjanei tis piqanothtes na prosgeiwqei kai sthn idia pleyra.

    Ta peiramata richs nomismatos poy binteoskophqhkan, edeijan oti to nomisma poy petietai ston aera, den peristrefetai aplws gyrw apo to ajona toy, alla parallhla strifogyrizei san "frizmpi". Oso perissotero strifogyrizei san "frizmpi" (kati poy ejartatai kyriws apo thn kinhsh toy daxtyloy poy ektojeyse to nomisma ston aera), toso pio poly menei apo panw h idia pleyra me thn opoia jekinhse to nomisma to "tajidi" toy. Mia sklhrh epifaneia prosgeiwshs (p.x. ena jylino trapezi) mporei, meta thn proskroysh se ayto, na ferei ta panw-katw sto nomisma, alla mia malakh epifaneia (p.x. grasidi) einai piqanotero na ypodextei malaka kai etsi na sygkrathsei apo panw thn idia epifaneia toy nomismatos.

    Synepws, to kleidi, kata toys ereynhtes, einai na blepei kaneis poia pleyra toy nomismatos einai orath, prin rixtei ston aera. As to exoyn ypoch toys osoi rixnoyn "korwna-grammata", gia paradeigma diaithtes kai paiktes se ena paignidi.

    H prwtotyph ereyna egine apo thn kaqhghtria Statistikhs toy Stanfornt Soyzan Xolms, ton syzygo ths Persi Ntiakonis (prwhn ``mago'' kai nyn kaqhghth maqhmatikwn kai statistikhs toy Stanfornt) kai ton kaqhghth maqhmatikwn Ritsarnt Montgkomeri toy panepisthmioy ths Kalifornias.


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