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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-12-10

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Ekdikazetai h prosfygh gia thn apergia ston tomea ths kaqariothtas
  • [02] Etoimazoyn kinhtopoihseis oi agrotes
  • [03] Xeimwniatikos o kairos
  • [04] "To ASEP etoimo na antapokriqei"
  • [05] Diaforetikes oi katanalwtikes "strathgikes" twn dyo fylwn
  • [06] "Isopedwnoyn tis katakthseis"
  • [07] "Se eleyqerh ptwsh"
  • [08] SYRIZA gia thn anergia
  • [09] Ryqmiseis gia toys ofeiletes
  • [10] Aponomh toy Nompel Eirhnhs

    [01] Ekdikazetai h prosfygh gia thn apergia ston tomea ths kaqariothtas

    Ekdikazetai shmera sto Monomeles Prwtodikeio Aqhnwn h prosfygh toy dhmarxoy Aqhnaiwn Nikhta Kaklamanh, poy kateqese aithsh asfalistikwn metrwn kata ths apergias twn ergazomenwn sthn kaqariothta.

    O k. N. Kaklamanhs, milwntas to prwi sto MEGA, dhlwse pws, ean ta aporrimmata parameinoyn stoys dromoys, oi eortastikes ekdhlwseis sto Syntagma den qa pragmatopoihqoyn, enw aphyqyne ekklhsh stoys ergazomenoys sthn kaqariothta na termatisoyn tis kinhtopoihseis toys.

    O ypoyrgos Eswterikwn Apokentrwshs kai Hlektronikhs Diakybernhshs Giannhs Ragkoyshs apesteile xqes epistolh ston dhmarxo Aqhnaiwn Nikhta Kaklamanh me aformh th sysswreysh aporrimmatwn stoys dromoys ths prwteyoysas kai ta problhmata poy dhmioyrgoyntai apo aythn thn katastash.

    O ypoyrgos Eswterikwn, sthn epistolh toy, epishmainei pws opws exei ejhghsei kai stoys idioys toys symbasioyxoys toy Dhmoy Aqhnaiwn, den mporoyn na ikanopoihqoyn ta aithmata toys, kaqws einai antisyntagmatika kai paranoma. ``Gnwrizete asfalws - tonizei o k. Ragkoyshs sthn epistolh toy pros ton Dhmarxo Aqhnaiwn- oti h monimopoihsh toys einai eyqews antisyntagmatikh kai paranomh, opws exei epibebaiwqei me apofaseis anwtatwn dikasthriwn. Alla kai h prosayjhsh ths moriodothshs toys einai katafanws adikh kai exei basima epikriqei ws antisyntagmatikh. Antilambanontai oloi oti oi symbasioyxoi ergoy poy eixan proslhfqei me to proyparxon kaqestws, xwris kanena ajiokratiko krithrio, mono me apofash toy Dhmarxoy sthn periptwsh twn Dhmwn, den mporoyn epipleon na eynooyntai me prosayjhmenh moriodothsh, enanti olwn twn allwn, oi opoioi den eixan to pronomio ths eynoias ayths. Mia tetoia prosayjhsh qa adikoyse thn terastia pleiochfia, parabiazontas kaqe ennoia isonomias.

    Ofeilw peran toytoy na epishmanw oti, para to gegonos oti h apergia ayth khryxqhke gia treis hmeres paranomh kai kataxrhstikh me dikastikh apofash, to kentro ths Aqhnas paremeine to prohgoymeno trihmero gemato skoypidia. Ayto to diapistwsan oloi, kai idiaitera oi dhmotes ths Aqhnas, to bebaiwse de h ELAS poy eixe zhthsei thn epeigoysa apokomidh.

    Einai th stigmh ayth aparaithto na analaboyn oloi tis eyqynes toys kai na apokatastaqei h eyryqmh leitoyrgia kai h oikonomikh drasthriothta sthn prwteyoysa, na prolhfqei h peraiterw epibarynsh ths katastashs kai idiws oi kindynoi gia th dhmosia ygeia.

    Sas parakalw gi' ayto na kinhsete amesa oles tis nomimes diadikasies, wste na jekinhsei amesa h apokomidh twn aporrimmatwn''.

    Se apanthsh ths epistolhs toy k. Giannh Ragkoysh, o Dhmarxos Aqhnaiwn Nikhtas Kaklamanhs epishmainei pws "oi nomimes diadikasies exoyn jekinhsei apo to Dhmo ths Aqhnas apo xqes, epomenws kapws arga skefqhke na parembei gia na ejomalynqei mia katastash poy ofeiletai apokleistika kai mono sth dikh toy adiallajia na ikanopoihsei to basiko aithma twn apergwn ``thn moriodothsh sth qesh toy oikeioy forea''".

    Shmeiwnei epishs, o k. Kaklamanhs oti "to aithma twn apergwn yposthrizetai apo thn KEDKE (omofwna) kai apo oles tis politikes dynameis ths Boylhs, plhn ths Kybernhshs".

    [02] Etoimazoyn kinhtopoihseis oi agrotes

    Sygkekrimenes apofaseis gia thn organwsh kinhtopoihsewn ston xwro twn agrotwn apo to telos ths erxomenhs ebdomadas, anamenetai na lhfqoyn to Sabbato 12 Dekembrioy sth syskech, poy exei sygkalesei h Panelladikh Grammateia ths Panagrotikhs Agwnistikhs Syspeirwshs (PASY).

    Xqes to brady, se syskech poy pragmatopoihqhke sta Koyfalia Qessalonikhs, me prwtoboylia ths PASY kai omilhth ton proedro ths Enwtikhs Omospondias Agrotikwn Syllogwn Karditsas (EOASK), Baggelh Mpoyta, teqhkan epi taphtos ta problhmata twn agrotwn kai syzhthqhkan oi morfes drashs, me tis opoies qa diekdikhsoyn thn ikanopoihsh twn aithmatwn toys apo thn kybernhsh.

    ``Diapistwsame oti ta problhmata einai poly ojymena kai apaitoyntai amesa metra sthrijhs gia to eisodhma agrotwn'', dhlwse o k. Mpoytas, dieykrinizontas oti to diekdikhtiko plaisio twn agrotwn perilambanei, aithmata opws ``amesh katabolh twn epidothsewn, diplasiasmo twn pronoiakwn syntajewn, anaplhrwsh eisodhmatos stoys ftwxomesaioys agrotes, prostasia ths ntopias paragwghs, katwteres eggyhmenes times, meiwsh toy kostoys paragwghs, pagwma agrotikwn xrewn k.a.''.

    [03] Xeimwniatikos o kairos

    Se katastash etoimothtas politikhs prostasias exoyn teqei oloi oi armodioi foreis kai yphresies, kaqws symfwna me Ektakto Deltio Epideinwshs Kairoy ths E.M.Y., o kairos qa paroysiasei stadiakh epideinwsh sth Makedonia kai proskaira sthn Hpeiro, me xarakthristika tis isxyres broxes, tis kataigides kyriws stis qalassies kai paraqalassies perioxes kai ta xionia se perioxes me ycometro panw apo ta 500 metra.

    Shmera, poly isxyres broxes kai kataigides qa ekdhlwqoyn sth Qessalia, thn anatolikh Sterea, thn Eyboia, ta nhsia toy boreioy kai anatolikoy Aigaioy, ta Dwdekanhsa kai piqanws argotera sthn anatolikh Peloponnhso, tis Kyklades kai thn Krhth. Isxyres xionoptwseis qa shmeiwqoyn sta oreina kyriws ths kentrikhs xwras kai proskaira se perioxes ths boreias Elladas me ycometro panw apo 400 metra. Parallhla sto kentriko kai boreio Aigaio qa epikrathsoyn qyellwdeis boreioanatolikoi anemoi entasews 8-9 mpofor kai h qermokrasia qa shmeiwsei aisqhth ptwsh.

    Thn Paraskeyh 11-12-09 ta entona kairika fainomena qa perioristoyn sthn anatolikh Qessalia, thn anatolikh Sterea, tis Kyklades, thn Krhth kai ta Dwdekanhsa kai stadiaka qa ejasqenhsoyn.

    H Genikh Grammateia Politikhs Prostasias efista thn prosoxh twn politwn kai proteinei na laboyn sobara ypoch toys ta entona kairika fainomena, ta opoia se polles periptwseis endexetai na dhmioyrghsoyn problhmata.

    Idiaiterh prosoxh qa prepei na dinetai apo toys polites (epoxoymenoys h pezoys) sta shmeia diastayrwshs toy odikoy diktyoy me ta remata aporrohs (xeimaroys) stis perioxes opoy prohghqhke entonh broxoptwsh.

    Gia toys parapanw logoys , h G.G.P.P. proteinei na lhfqoyn apo toys polites ta aparaithta METRA AYTOPROSTASIAS, poy dianemontai se oles tis Nomarxies kai Perifereies ana thn Epikrateia.

    Boreia Ellada

    Synqhkes entonhs broxoptwshs epikratoyn apo xqes to brady se polles perioxes ths Kentrikhs kai ths Dytikhs Makedonias, enw xionoptwseis shmeiwqhkan sta oreina twn nomwn Flwrinas kai Kozanhs, xwris mexri stigmhs, na yparxoyn problhmata sthn kinhsh twn aytokinhtwn.

    Oi yphresies ths troxaias synistoyn thn prosoxh twn odhgwn kata thn kinhsh toys sto odiko diktyo, prokeimenoy na apofeyxqoyn atyxhmata, ejaitias ths broxhs.

    Diakopes reymatos shmeiwqhkan sth diarkeia ths nyxtas, se perioxes perifereiaka ths Qessalonikhs, opws to Plagiari.

    Anoixtoi einai oi dromoi apo ton Agio Aqanasio, thn Arnissa kai thn Kerasia pros to xionodromiko kentro Boras (Kaimaktsalan).

    Omala diejagetai h kinhsh twn oxhmatwn pros to Eqniko Xionodromiko Kentro toy Selioy, toso apo th Beroia oso kai apo th Naoysa.

    Xwris problhmata diejagetai h kinhsh twn oxhmatwn apo th Naoysa pros to xionodromiko ``3-5'' Phgadia, sto oros Bermio.

    [04] "To ASEP etoimo na antapokriqei"

    Me ton proedro toy ASEP kaqws kai ekproswpoys armodiwn forewn synexisthke h syzhthsh sthn epitroph Koinwnikwn Ypoqesewn ths Boylhs epi toy nomosxedioy toy Ypoyrgeioy Eswterikwn poy afora tis proslhceis.

    O proedros toy ASEP Giwrgos Behs diabebaiwse oti h anejarthth arxh einai etoimh kai ylikotexnika kai apo pleyras anqrwpinoy dynamikoy na antapokriqei plhrws stis apaithseis an katatiqentai egkaira apo toys armodioys foreis, ta aithmata gia tis proslhceis.

    O genikos grammateas ths KEDKE Basilhs Koromantsos zhthse na ejaireqoyn oi Anwnymes Etairies twn OTA kai na mhn ypagontai stis sxetikes diatajeis gia tis proslhceis kaqws kai na lambanetai ypoch stoys diagwnismoys h prohgoymenh empeiria twn ergazomenwn.

    O proedros ths POE - OTA Qemistoklhs Mpalasopoylos tonise thn anagkh ameshs dieyqethshs twn ergasiakwn sxesewn olwn twn ergazomenwn stoys OTA. Diaforetika, opws eipe, mesa sto 2010 poy einai eklogiko etos qa exoyme 15.000 ergazomenoys se omhria. Akoma symfwnhse sthn monimopoihsh olwn twn ergazomenwn stoys OTA me thn proypoqesh na analaboyn oi idioi tis dapanes.

    O ekproswpos ths ENAE kai nomarxhs Peiraia Giannhs Mixas, kalese thn kybernhsh na einai aysthrh pros oloys se oti afora thn efarmogh toy nomoqetikoy plaisioy, kai na mhn epitrecei, opws eipe xarakthristika, thn xalarwsh toy sto mellon.

    O ekproswpos ths ADEDY Hlias Dolghras dhlwse qetikos sto nomosxedio kai tis diadikasies toy ASEP. Taytoxrona epekrine entona ton tropo poy orismenoi foreis moriodotoysan thn ``synenteyjh'', h opoia, opws eipe, enw htan ena xrhsimo ergaleio kakopoihqhke banaysa.

    Thn apolyth symfwnia toy me to syzhtoymeno, sthn armodia koinoboyleytikh epitroph, nomosxedio toy ypoyrgeioy Eswterikwn gia tis proslhceis, ejefrase to proedreio toy ASEP, sthn Epitroph Qesmwn kai Diafaneias ths Boylhs.

    O k. Giwrgos Behs ejefrase thn aisiodojia toy oti oi diagwnismoi me thn anakoinwsh twn epityxontwn qa oloklhrwnontai se 2-3 mhnes, enw se 20-25 hmeres qa oloklhrwnetai h diadikasia gia toys epoxikoys.

    To zhtoymeno, eipe, einai na einai enopoihmenes kai omadopoihmenes oi prokhryjeis kai, sto metro toy dynatoy, na organwnontai apo to idio to ASEP kai oxi toys foreis, enantion twn opoiwn ginontai kai oi perissoteres enstaseis.

    O proedros toy ASEP qewrhse megalh katakthsh toys kyliomenoys pinakes, eidika gia tis proslhceis noshleytwn, poy qa oloklhrwnontai pleon se ena mhna.

    Sthn epishmansh toy prwhn ypoyrgoy Eswterikwn Prokoph Paylopoyloy na ejoplistei to ASEP prin analabei tis nees dieyrymenes armodiothtes, o k.Behs apanthse oti yparxei desmeysh toy neoy ypoyrgoy gia enisxysh me 10 ekat. eyrw kai epipleon proswpiko sthn anejarthth arxh.

    Gia to qema ths synenteyjhs poy katargeitai me to ypo chfish neo nomosxedio, o k.Behs paradexqhke oti stis perissoteres periptwseis to ASEP diefwnhse me thn dienergeia synenteyjewn, xwris, omws, na mporesei na tis apotrecei an epemene o foreas h yphrxe koinh ypoyrgikh apofash.

    O k. Behs diabebaiwse, pantws, se erwthsh toy prwhn proedroy ths Boylhs Apostoloy Kaklamanh oti to ASEP zhtei panta apo toys foreis ta praktika twn synenteyjewn gia na probei se elegxoys.

    Apo pleyras toy o antiproedros toy ASEP Aghsilaos Mpakopoylos eipe oti synenteyjh prepei na yparxei gia proslhceis se qeseis periwphs ki oti ayto to xrhsimo meso xrhsimopoieitai se olo ton kosmo, plhn omws den tiqetai poyqena qema adiablhtoy ths diadikasias ki oi apofaseis einai aitiologhmenes.

    [05] Diaforetikes oi katanalwtikes "strathgikes" twn dyo fylwn

    An oi gynaikes pernane wres ateleiwtes se cwnia sta katasthmata, mpainobgainontas apo to ena sto allo kai dokimazontas (ektos apo royxa) thn ypomonh twn andrwn, oi opoioi synhqws arkoyntai se syntomhs diarkeias "katadromikoy stil" episkeceis sta magazia, ayto ofeiletai sto diaforetiko ejeliktiko parelqon toys, poy fqanei sthn epoxh twn kynhgwn-syllektwn, symfwna me mia nea amerikanikh episthmonikh ereyna.

    H ereyna egine apo ereynhtes toy panepisthmioy toy Misigkan, ypo ton kaqhghth Ntaniel Kroygker, kai dhmosieyetai sto "Journal of Social, Evolutionary and Cultural Psychology" (Periodiko Koinwnikhs, Ejeliktikhs kai Politismikhs Cyxologias), symfwna me th bretanikh "Telegkraf".

    Oi diaforetikoi roloi metajy twn dyo fylwn stoys proistorikoys xronoys ejelixqhkan stadiaka stis shmerines diaforetikes katanalwtikes "strathgikes". Sto parelqon oi gynaikes, synhqws mazi me ta paidia toys, pernoysan to megalytero meros toy xronoy toys briskontas kai syllegontas faghto apo ta dash kai toys agroys. Shmera pernaneb¦ apeires wres, pali synhqws mazi me ta paidia toys, mexri na broyn to "teleio" dwro h antikeimeno gia to spiti toys, opws prin apo polles xiliades xronia ypomonetika ecaxnan na broyn thn "teleia" trofh sth fysh, kati poy htan qema zwhs h qanatoy, epeidh mia laqos epilogh mporei na prokaloyse qanathfora dhlhthriash.

    H anagkh ayth ekane tis gynaikes, mesa apo mia makra ejeliktikh "ekpaideysh", idiaitera ikanes sto na jexwrizoyn xrwmata, yfes myrwdies klp., wste na einai sigoyres oti h trofh poy mazeyan htan ontws asfalhs. H idia oysiastika ikanothta ajiopoieitai shmera gia ta cwnia.

    Apo thn pleyra toys, oi andres sto apwtero parelqon hsan kyriws kynhgoi poy sxediazan ek twn proterwn poy kai pws qa piasoyn kai qa skotwsoyn th leia toys, enw molis ekteloysan to ergo toys, epestrefan amesws sto spiti toys. Shmera pia exoyn yposyneidhta yioqethsei ena analogo "stil", exontas prosxediasei synhqws ti qeloyn na agorasoyn kai apo poio katasthma, to cwnizoyn xwris xronotribh kai meta gyrnoyn spiti parayta koybalwntas ta "nekra qhramata" (cwnia!), afoy qewroyn otib¦h apostolh toys ejetelesqh. Den toys aresei na koybalane ta mikra paidia toys mazi sta cwnia, opws kapote den ta epairnan mazi sto kynhgi, epeidh qewroysan oti toys htan baros.

    Kapws etsi, telika, shmera oi andres den mporoyn na jexwrisoyn mia mayrh kaltsa apo mia skoyra mple, otan cwnizoyn, enw oi gynaikes mporei na xasoyn ton prosanatolismo toys akoma kai mesa se ena polykatasthma.

    Symfwna me ton Kroygker, h ejhghsh ayth mporei na rijei fws sto giati toso syxna, se olo ton kosmo, ta zeygaria tsakwnontai, otan bgoyn gia cwnia mazi. Poly aplab¦ to eyxaristioyntai me diaforetiko tropo kai o enas den antexei yposyneidhta th "strathgikh" toy alloy. O ereynhths kalei ta dyo fyla na deijoyn megalyterh amoibaia katanohsh, eidika twra poy arxizei h nea eortastikh periodos kai ta cwnia qa briskontai sthn hmerhsia diatajh.

    Akoma dieykrinise oti aytes oi diaforetikes symperifores anamesa sta dyo fyla den einai genetika kaqorismenes kai den isxyoyn kat' anagkhn gia ton kaqena, alla isxyoyn ws mia genikh tash sta dyo fyla.

    Keimeno: P. Drakopoylos

    [06] "Isopedwnoyn tis katakthseis"

    Tis protaseis nomoy toy KKE anaforika me "ryqmiseis gia tis ergasiakes sxeseis sto dhmosio kai idiwtiko tomea, sth bash ths arxhs ths plhroys kai staqerhs doyleias gia oloys me dikaiwmata" kai ths "diasfalishs twn apoqematikwn twn asfalistikwn tameiwn kai ths dieyrynshs twn asfalistikwn-syntajiodotikwn dikaiwmatwn twn ergazomenwn" paroysiase h gg ths KE toy KKE.

    Me aformh thn paroysiash twn sygkekrimenwn nomoqetikwn prwtoboyliwn toy kommatos, h k. Paparhga epishmane oti me tis topoqethseis toys twn teleytaiwn hmerwn oi ypoyrgoi Andreas Loberdos kai Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy ``epixeiroyn thn anatroph toy ergasiakoy kaqestwtos poy isxye mexri shmera kai thn anatroph toy systhmatos ergasiakhs asfalishs. Prokeitai gia barbares allages. Eidikotera o k. Loberdos xqes proebh se ena bombardismo twn ergazomenwn apo aera, steria kai qalassa kai s' ayton ton bombardismo oi ergazomenoi prepei na khryjoyn ton polemo''.

    Anaferomenh stis qeseis toy kommatos, h ka Paparhga eipe oti to KKE synexizei me megalyteres apaithseis apo ton eayto toy, ``sthn kateyqynsh enos eniaioy polymetwpoy agwna, opoy kamia ptyxh den prepei na menei anekmetalleyth, oyte h Boylh oyte to Eyrwkoinoboylio. Gia to logo ayto kataqesame ta dyo nomosxedia gia na poyme stoys ergazomenoys oti yparxei lysh''.

    Xarakthrise ``ponokefalo ths kybernhshs'' to poy qa breqoyn ta lefta kai anaferomenh stis protaseis toy KKE gia to qema ayto, metajy allwn milhse gia meiwsh twn ejoplismwn, ayjhsh ths forologias toy megaloy kefalaioy, forologia toy petrelaioy gia to megalo kefalaio kai amesh diekdikhsh toy katoxikoy daneioy gia to opoio malista eipe oti an den diekdikhqei yparxei kindynos meta apo ena xrono na xaqei.

    Symfwna me thn ka Paparhga, h kybernhsh toy PASOK ``den einai oyte kalyterh oyte xeiroterh ap' aythn ths Neas Dhmokratias'' kai prosqese oti o laos den prepei na aisqanetai desmeymenos apo th chfo toy kai oyte na apodexqei na ton baloyme se ena pneyma synenoxhs, ``prepei na deijei thn pygmh toy ws anerxomenh laikh pleiochfia''.

    Epishs dieykrinise oti den exei ginei prosklhsh sto komma ths gia dialogo sto plaisio toy Symboylioy Politikwn Arxhgwn kai prosqese oti ``eite pame eite oxi tipota den allazei, etsi ki alliws h kybernhsh leitoyrgei san anoixto biblio''.

    Gia to panepisthmiako asylo kai th drash ths Astynomias

    Se erwthsh sxetika me to qema twn syzhthsewn poy ginontai to teleytaio diasthma gia to asylo, xarakthrise katarxhn "aparadekta" ta teleytaia epeisodia kai ypogrammise oti h qesh toy kommatos ths den allazei gia to qema toy asyloy, to opoio "prepei na yperaspistei sto synolo ths h panepisthmiakh koinothta kai na mhn yparxoyn paratajeis poy kanoyn oti mporoyn gia na sykofanteitai".

    Akoma dhlwse oti "epixeireitai astynomokratia sta Panepisthmia kai epanelabe th qesh toy KKE oti h astynomia prepei na einai makria apo tis diadhlwseis".

    Ejalloy, anaferomenh kai sta teleytaia gegonota me tis mazikes prosagwges to trihmero twn ekdhlwsewn gia thn epeteio ths dolofonias toy Alejh Grhgoropoyloy, xarakthrise "aparadekth th sygkrish anamesa sth mhdenikh anoxh toy k. Xrysoxoidh kai thn hpia parembash twn kyriwn Paylopoyloy kai Polydwra".

    Ekane logo akoma gia "epideijh pygmhs kai dynamhs ek meroys ths kybernhshs toy PASOK" kai yposthrije oti o ypoyrgos Prostasias toy Polith k. Xrysoxoidhs den prepei na steketai stis dafnes toy. Htan pyrreios h nikh toy".

    Dieykrinise, de, oti ta problhmata den prepei na antimetwpizontai me astynomikh bia kai eidikotera gia tis prosagwges eipe "isws kai na epidiwketai h dhmioyrgia fakelwn, alla ayto poy kyriws epidiwketai einai h kalliergeia klimatos fobias", prosqetontas oti "h politikh ejoysia den exei thn ikanothta oyte th qelhsh na empneysei tis arxes toy agwna sth neolaia kai kalliergei ton antikomoynismo".

    KKE gia omilia G. Papandreoy

    "Anti na apologhqei ston ellhniko lao o prwqypoyrgos gia tis odynhres qysies poy exei ypoballei toys ergazomenoys h antilaikh politikh twn kybernhsewn PASOK - ND gia thn ``isxyrh Ellada sthn EE'', kindynologei gia na dikaiologhsei ta nea sklhra antilaika metra poy edw kai kairo ta exoyn synapofasisei sthn EE, me odhgo kai pali ta symferonta twn epixeirhmatikwn omilwn".

    Ayta anaferei se anakoinwsh toy to KKE me aformh thn omilia toy Giwrgoy A. Papandreoy sto Ypoyrgiko Symboylio kai ta peri apwleias ths eqnikhs kyriarxias.

    "Se apwleia eqnikwn kyriarxikwn dikaiwmatwn odhgei o ``eyrwmonodromos'' poy yphretei thn antagwnistikothta kai thn kerdoforia ths ploytokratias, isopedwnontas tis laikes katakthseis. To dromo poy yphretoyn to PASOK kai h ND, prepei na ton antipalecei kai na ton anatrecei o laos gia na mhn plhrwsei tis synepeies kai ths krishs. Mporei, arkei na empisteytei th dynamh toy", prosqetei to KKE.

    -

    [07] "Se eleyqerh ptwsh"

    ``H oikonomia einai se eleyqerh ptwsh. Profanws oi xeirismoi toy PASOK den mporoyn na swsoyn thn katastash. Xreiazetai apofasistikothta, aytokyriarxia kai oxi fthnoi laikismoi poy odhgoyn thn xwra sthn plhrh anajiopistia'', tonise o ekproswpos toy LA.O.S., anaforika me tis ejelijeis sthn oikonomia.

    Se oti afora to qema twn Skopiwn kai ths Toyrkias, o k. K. Aibaliwths, dhlwse:

    ``H ejwterikh politikh toy k. Papandreoy - dhqen "mastigio" sta Skopia kai "karoto" sthn Toyrkia - egkymonei kindynoys.

    Oso den synedriazei to Symboylio Politikwn Arxhgwn, toso qa parabiazontai oi ypotiqemenes "kokkines" grammes sta eqnika qemata.

    Oson afora sthn ypoxwrhtikothta mas apenanti sthn Toyrkia, as ocetai to tajidi toy k. Papandreoy sthn Kwnstantinoypolh, thn epomenh ths ekloghs toy''.

    [08] SYRIZA gia thn anergia

    O proedros ths K.O. toy SYRIZA qa paroysiasei thn kampania toy SYRIZA gia toys elastika apasxoloymenoys kai toys anergoys se synenteyjh Typoy, to meshmeri, sto jenodoxeio ATHENS IMPERIAL.

    Mazi toy qa einai o syntonisths ths Grammateias toy SYRIZA, Antwnhs Ntabanellos kai ta melh ths Epitrophs Ergatikhs Politikhs toy SYRIZA Dhmhtrhs Stratoylhs, Elenh Swthrioy kai Dikaios Cikakos kaqws kai elastika ergazomenoi kai anergoi neoi kai nees.

    Enw h xwra mas einai omhros ths kerdoskopias twn dieqnwn ependytikwn omilwn kai twn emporikwn trapezwn, h kybernhsh, anti na diekdikhsei apeyqeias daneismo apo thn Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh Trapeza, anti na ekdwsei laika omologa, ejaggellei mia epiqetikh politikh me stoxo na ejeymenisei toys kerdoskopoys kai sthn pragmatikothta mas leei oti qa dialysei to asfalistiko kai qa syrriknwsei tis dhmosies dapanes, pragma poy shmainei akoma perissoteres apolyseis, akoma megalyterh anergia, dhlwse o k. Alejhs Tsipras kai ypogrammise:

    "Ayth h politikh den prokeitai na perasei. Einai mia politikh poy brisketai se plhrh anantistoixia me tis proeklogikes ejaggelies toy PASOK, einai mia politikh poy qa brei apenanti th syntriptikh pleiochfia ths ellhnikhs koinwnias".

    Me Synhgoro toy Polith

    ``Ta atomika dhmokratika dikaiwmata apoteloyn katakthsh, prostateyontai apo to Syntagma kai toys nomoys ... Qa ta yperaspistoyme kai qa epikaloymaste panta thn thrhsh twn nomwn'', tonise o proedros toy SYRIZA Alejhs Tsipras ypogrammizontas oti ``h bia den antimetwpizetai me bia. Antimetwpizetai me perissoterh dhmokratia''.

    O k. Tsipras kai o koinoboyleytikos ekproswpos toy SYRIZA Fwths Koybelhs synanthqhkan me ton Synhgoro toy Polith k. G. Kaminh, ston opoio ejefrasan thn anhsyxia toys gia fainomena mazikwn prosagwgwn ``poy phran poly megales diastaseis olo to prohgoymeno diasthma'', kaqws kai gia dyo gegonota poy exoyn katagrafei apo tis kameres: to prwto ``afora mia nea taktikh ths Ellhnikhs Astynomias na eforma me mhxanes se diadhlwtes, poy eixe kai ws apotelesma enan sobaro traymatismo'' kai to deytero ``ena peristatiko synyparjhs dynamewn twn MAT me koykoyloforoys sta Xania''.

    O k. Tsipras ektimhse oti ``tis meres ths oikonomikhs kai koinwnikhs krishs polloi einai aytoi poy qa qelhsoyn na ependysoyn ston tromo, ton fobo'' kai tonise: ``den prokeitai na toys akoloyqhsoyme. Qa eimaste edw gia na zhtame na threitai h nomimothta kai ta dhmokratika dikaiwmata''.

    Apo thn pleyra toy o k. Koybelhs dhlwse: ``H paroysia mas shmera ston Synhgoro toy Polith qelei na katagracei thn politikh mas antiqesh gia parabiaseis poy synteloyntai sto epipedo twn dikaiwmatwn twn politwn. Oi aqroes, oi anaities, oi paranomes prosagwges prosballoyn to dikaiwma twn politwn na diadhlwnoyn, na diamartyrontai, na diatypwnoyn tis apoceis toys kai na diekdikoyn. Se kamia periptwsh to dikaiwma toy polith na synaqroizetai kai na diadhlwnei den mporei na yponomeyetai apo aytes tis paranomes, tis adikaiologhtes prosagwges. Kai einai xarakthristiko, ston poly megalo ariqmo twn prosagwgwn, poy ftanei peripoy tis 900, h syntriptikh pleiochfia twn prosaxqentwn afeqhsan eleyqeroi. Ti martyra ayto; Martyra to anaitio, to adikaiologhto kai qa elega kai to proklhtika ekfobistiko toy polith, poy qelei na synaqroizetai, na diamartyretai kai na diadhlwnei''.

    O k. Kaminhs tonise pws ``h astynomia prepei na diereyna ta paraptwmata twn melwn ths'' shmeiwnontas oti symfwna me to Syntagma xreiazetai h qesmoqethsh enos nomoy gia tis diadhlwseis, ``poy qa prostateyei ta dikaiwmata kai twn anqrwpwn, oi opoioi dhmosia diadhlwnoyn tis pepoiqhseis toys alla kai aytwn twn ypoloipwn, twn opoiwn endexomenws na kindyneyei h idiokthsia, oi epixeirhseis toys, giati to Syntagma mas prostateyei oloys kai einai h aspida gia thn prostasia twn dikaiwmatwn olwn twn politwn''.

    [09] Ryqmiseis gia toys ofeiletes

    Mexri shmera to brady qa katateqei sth Boylh to sxedio nomoy gia thn ryqmish twn ofeilwn twn epixeirhsewn kai epaggelmatiwn pros ta pistwtika idrymata kai to argotero thn erxomenh ebdomada qa paei sth Boylh kai to sxedio nomoy poy afora sth ryqmish twn ofeilwn yperxrewmenwn proswpwn.

    Ayto gnwstopoihse se synenteyjh typoy h ypoyrgos Oikonomias Antagwnistikothtas kai Naytilias kyria Loyka Katselh. Sto sxedio nomoy gia th ryqmish twn ofeilwn epixeirhsewn kai epaggelmatiwn pros ta pistwtika idrymata ephlqan oi ejhs allages:

    - Sto nomosxedio empiptoyn ektos apo tis lhjiproqesmes ofeiles meta thn 1/1/ 2008 kai oi lhjiproqesmes ofeiles meta thn 1/1/ 2005

    - Opws kai oi enhmeres ofeiles gia poly sygkekerimenes periptwseis mikrwn kai poly mikrwn epixeirhsewn

    - H ryqmish twn lhjiproqesmwn ofeilwn meta thn 1/1/ 2008, gia epixeirhseis epaggelmaties kai agrotes afora daneia h allhloxreoys logariasmoys kai problepei 2 eth periodo xarhtos me thn aposbesh toy kefalaioy. Ejoflhsh toy kefalaioy me tokoxreolytikes doseis toylaxiston 5 etwn kai efarmozetai gia ofeiles mexri 1 ekat eyrw ana trapeza kai ana daneiolhpth kai mexri 3 ekat eyrw gia oles tis trapezes synolika ana daneiolhpth me to epitokio ths enhmerhs ofeilhs. Sto teliko sxedio nomoy prosteqhke mono to plafon twn 3 ekat eyrw.

    - Stis lhjiproqesmes ofeiles meta thn 1/1/ 2008 ektos apo tis symbaseis poy den exoyn kataggelqei kai ofeiles symbasewn daneiwn poy exoyn kataggelqei meta thn proanaferomenh hmeromhnia h qa kataggelqoyn entos 2 mhnwn apo thn chfish toy nomoy prosteqhkan kai oi lhjiproqesmes ofeiles apo symbaseis xrhmatodotikhs misqwshs akinhtwn poy den exoyn kataggelqei.

    - Sto sxedio nomoy paramenei h diagrafh twn tokwn yperhmerias kai anatokismoy efoson den exoyn katablhqei.

    - Gia tis lhjiproqesmes ofeiles, epixeirhsewn epaggelmatiwn kai agrotwn, meta thn 1/1/ 2005 to nomosxedio problepei dieth periodo xarhtos gia thn aposbesh toy kefalaioy ejoflhsh toy kefalaioy me tokoxreolytikes doseis toylaxiston 5 etwn kai afora se xreh mexri 1 ekat eyrw ana trapeza kai ana daneiolhpth kai mexri 3 ekat eyrw gia oles tis trapezes synolika ana daneiolhpth, me to epitokio ths enhmerhs ofeilhs.

    - Proypoqesh gia thn ryqmish twn lhjiproqesmwn ofeilwn einai h katabolh toy 10% ths ofeilhs mexri 15/4/2010 enw oi tokoi yperhmerias kai anatokismoy diagrafontai mono efoson ejoflhqei to 50% ths ofeilhs.

    - Gia th ryqmish twn enhmerwn ofeilwn epixeirhsewn kai agrotwn problepetai h dynatothta epiloghs anamesa se tria senaria: periodos xarhtos 1 etoys gia thn aposbesh toy kefalaioy kai antistoixh paratash ths symbatikhs diarkeias, dyo eth anastolh xreolytikhs apoplhrwmhs toy alhktoy kefalaioy kai antistoixh paratash ths symbatikhs diarkeias h paratash ths symbatikhs diarkeias kata 3 eth, panta me to epitokio ths enhmerhs ofeilhs.

    H ryqmish gia tis enhmeres ofeiles afora fysika kai nomika proswpa me biblia G kathgorias agortikoy's synetairismoys kai enwseis aytwn powps kai omades paragwgwn anejarthtws bibliwn efoson emfanisoyn zhmies sthn teleytaia xrhsh kai exoyn ethsio kyklo ergasiwn mikrotera apo 2,5 ekat eyrw kai ofeiloyn ews 250.000 eyrw ana pistwtiko idryma kai mexri 1 ekat eyrw sto synolo twn pistwtikwn idrymatwn.

    H idia ryqmish afora epishs fysika kai nomika proswpa poy askoyn emporikh drasthriothta kai sth xrhsh toy 2008 exoyn akaqarista esoda mikrotera twn 150.000 eyrw, fysika proswpa poy kata kyrio epaggelma askoyn agrotikh drasthriothta opws kai epixeirhseis poy apodedeigmena exoyn ypostei shmantikes katastrofes apo pyrkagies h fysika fainomena apo to 2007 mexri kai th dhmosieysh toy nomoy kai ofeiloyn ews 100.000 eyrw ana pistwtiko idryma kai mexri 300.000 eyrw sto synolo twn pistwtikwn idrymatwn.

    - Se periptwsh kataggelias symbasewn anoiktoy h allhloxreoy logariasmoy 2 mhnes apo th dhmosieysh toy nomoy kai mexri thn 30h Ioynioy 2011, o ofeileths exei to dikaiwma na apoplhrwsei to kataloipo toy logariasmoy se 5 eth me isoposes mhniaies tokoxreolytikes doseis, kataballontas kata to prwto etos mono tokoys me to epitokio ths enhmerhs ofeilhs.

    To dikaiwma toy ofeileth gia ryqmish ths ofeilhs askeitai entos 1 mhnos apo thn koinopoihsh se ayton ths kataggelias. H proqesmia toy 1 mhnos den arxizei, an den enhmerwqei o ofeileths gia to dikaiwma ayto.

    - Opws kai sthn periptwsh twn lhjiproqesmwn ofeilwn, den ypagontai sth ryqmish gia tis enhmeres ofeiles, oi ofeiles apo symbaseis praktoreias epixeirhmatikwn apaithsewn, apo omologiaka daneia kai apo daneia eggyhmena h epidotoymena apo to Dhmosio.

    - Sbhnontai ta ``panwtokia'' paliwn daneiwn twn agrotwn. Agrotes poy epairnan braxyproqesma daneia me thn idia symbash epi polla eth, qa ofeiloyn pleon mono to diplasio twn daneiwn poy eixan labei (meion tis kataboles poy exoyn pragmatopoihsei) kai oxi to diplasio toy posoy poy prokyptei an prosqesoyme sta daneia ayta, toys symbatikoys tokoys, toys tokoys yperhmerias kai toys tokoys anatokismoy poy eixan xrewqei sto logariasmo twn agrotwn mexri thn teleytaia xorhghsh. H ryqmish afora xiliades agrotes poy pleon qa apallagoyn apo ena megalo meros toy posoy poy ajiwnei h trapeza, kai to opoio malista endexetai na fqanei akomh kai sto 80% ths ofeilhs.

    - Dikaiwma na kinhsoyn diadikasia ryqmishs exoyn ektos apo toys prwtofeiletes, kai eggyhtes kai oi kaqolikoi diadoxoi aytwn.

    - Oi pashs fysews reystopoioymenes kinhtes ajies poy exoyn hmeromhnia lhjhs kai poy exoyn doqei se eggyhsh, qa meiwnoyn to ryqmizomeno poson kai qa anaprosarmozetai etsi to poson twn periodikwn dosewn.

    Teiresias

    Den yparxoyn allages shmantikes se sxesh me thn arxikh ryqmish para mono sto oti diathreitai h 15etia paramonhs thrhshs twn arxeiwn mh ejoflhmenwn ofeilwn apo tis trapezes (to arxiko sxedio problepei meiwsh toy diasthmatos aytoys sta 10 xronia).

    To teliko sxedio problepei epishs th mh emfanish dysmenwn stoixeiwn poy exoyn ejoflhqei (meta thn amnhstia) an synolika den yperbainoyn to poso twn 3000 eyrw apo 1000 eyrw poy isxyei shmera kai apo ta 5000 eyrw poy proeblepe to arxiko sxedio. Kata ta loipa:

    - Dinetai genikeymenh amnhstia gia oles tis katagrafes dysmenwn dedomenwn sta arxeia toy TEIRESIA kai aforoyn opoiadhpote ofeilh poy eite exei ejoflhqei h qa ejoflhqei mesa se 3 mhnes apo thn chfish toy nomoy. Ws synepeia ths ryqmishs ayths airetai kai to metro ths dioikhtikhs sterhshs bibliarioy epitagwn.

    - Meiwnontai ta xronika diasthmata thrhshs dedomenwn oikonomikhs symperiforas ston TEIRESIA kata ena xrono. Sygkekrimena, ypo thn proypoqesh oti exei ejoflhqei h ofeilh sto synolo ths:

    a) Gia aplhrwtes epitages, aplhrwtes kata th lhjh toys synallagmatikes, grammatia eis diataghn kai kataggelies symbasewn daneiwn kai pistwsewn apo 3 se 2 eth.

    b) Gia diatages plhrwmhs apo 4 se 3 eth.

    g) Gia katasxeseis kai epitages pros plhrwmh, perilhceis ekqesewn katasxeshs, programmata pleisthriasmwn kai dioikhtikes kyrwseis toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn, apo 4 se 3 eth.

    - To poso mh emfanishs dysmenwn oikonomikwn dedomenwn ston TEIRESIA gia ofeiles poy den exoyn ejoflhqei apo 500 eyrw poy einai shmera ayjanetai sta 1.000 eyrw.

    - Ayjanetai kai to poso mh emfanishs dysmenwn oikonomikwn dedomenwn ston TEIRESIA gia ofeiles poy exoyn ejoflhqei apo 1.000 eyrw poy einai shmera se 3.000 eyrw.

    - Oi trapezes ypoxreoyntai na enhmerwnoyn ton TEIRESIA mesa se 2 ergasimes hmeres apo tote poy perihlqe se aytes h apodeijh gia thn ejoflhsh ths ofeilhs. H enhmerwsh ayth apo tis trapezes ginetai xwris thn ajiwsh amoibhs h dapanhs apo ton ofeileth.

    - Otan yfistantai sobaroi logoi amfisbhthshs ths ofeilhs dinetai h dynatothta ston ofeileth na prosfeygei me th diadikasia twn Asfalistikwn Metrwn sto armodio dikasthrio kai na epitygxanei na mhn emfanizontai ston TEIRESIA to dysmenes dedomeno ths ofeilhs mexri thn ekdosh telesidikhs apofashs apo to dikasthrio. Ayto symbainei monon otan yfistantai sobaroi logoi gia thn amfisbhthsh ths ofeilhs kai otan h ofeilh den ephreazei thn pistolhptikh ikanothta toy ofeileth.

    - Kata th diarkeia ths sterhshs bibliarioy epitagwn, epitrepetai stis trapezes na xorhgoyn bibliario epitagwn orismenoy synolikoy ycoys, efoson h plhrwmh twn epitagwn poy periexontai se ayto, einai eggyhmenh apo fereggyo, kata thn ajiologhsh ths trapezas, trito proswpo mexri toy ycoys aytoy.

    Yperxrewmena noikokyria

    Se oti afora sto nomosxedio gia th ryqmish twn ofeilwn yperxrewmenwn fysikwn proswpwn exoyn epelqei treis shmantikes allages. Symfwna me thn prwth ta stegastika daneia qa ejakoloyqoyn mexri th syzhthsh ths aithsews gia anastolh twn diwktikwn metrwn na ektokizontai me to symbatiko epitokio kai na ejyphretoyntai me dosh enhmerhs ofeilhs. Den pagwnei dhladh apo thn arxh, dhladh apo thn koinopoihsh ths aithshs, h ofeilh.

    H deyterh allagh problepei oti oi yperxrewmenoi poy exoyn apodedeigmenh adynamia ejyphrethshs twn xrewn toys mporoyn na ryqmisoyn ena mikro meros aytwn kai na apallagoyn apo to ypoloipo me mhniaies katabole's gia 4 xronia kai gia toylaxiston to 10% twn ofeilwn toys. To arxiko sxedio den prosdiorise epakribws to xroniko diasthma kai ekane logo gia 3 me 5 xronia.

    H Trith allagh afora sth dikastikh arxh poy analambanei na dieyqetei to symbibasmo metajy trapezas kai ofeileth. Sto arxiko sxedio h problech aforoyse sta Prwtodikeia kai telika to ergo qa analaboyn ta Eirhnodikeia kai h ypoyrgoys exei zhthsei kai thn proslhch 80 newn eirhnodikwn gia na antimetwpisoyn ton ogko ergasias.

    Se oti afora stoys eggyhtes exoyn dikaiwma ypagwghs toys stis eynoikes ryqmiseis toy nomosxedioy ean plhroyn tis proypoqeshs.

    Opws eipe h ypoyrgos, mesa se ena xrono, oi lhjiproqesmes ofeiles twn noikokyriwn gia katanalwtika daneia pros tis trapezes exoyn ayjhqei kata 70%. Sygkekrimena, stis 30/09/2008 htan 33,9 dis eyrw, ek twn opoiwn se kaqysterhsh htan to 6,9% (2,3 dis eyrw), enw stis 30/09/2009 htan 34,9 dis eyrw, ek twn opoiwn se kaqysterhsh htan to 11,7% (4,1 dis eyrw).

    Antistoixa, gia ta stegastika daneia: oi lhjiproqesmes ofeiles exoyn ayjhqei kata 54% mesa se ena xrono. Sygkekrimena, stis 30/09/2008 htan 65,7 dis eyrw, ek twn opoiwn se kaqysterhsh htan to 4,6% (3 dis eyrw), enw stis 30/09/2009 htan 72,9 dis eyrw, ek twn opoiwn se kaqysterhsh htan to 6,9% (5,1 dis eyrw).

    Me to nomosxedio , dinetai h dynatothta, mesa apo kaqorismenh dikastikh diadikasia, se osoys katanalwtes exoyn diapistwmenh kai monimh adynamia na apoplhrwsoyn ta xreh toys, na ta ryqmisoyn kai na apallagoyn apo ayta, ejoflwntas me realistikoys me bash to eisodhma toys oroys ena meros twn xrewn poy kaqorizetai apo to Dikasthrio kai den mporei na einai mikrotero apo to 10% twn ofeilwn. Aparaithth proypoqesh gia na symbei kati tetoio einai na mhn yfistantai perioysiaka stoixeia kai na mhn eparkoyn ta trexonta eisodhmata toy katanalwth gia thn ikanopoihsh twn daneiakwn ypoxrewsewn. Sthn periptwsh ayth, o ofeileths analambanei thn ypoxrewsh na kataqetei kaqe mhna gia 4 eth meros toy eisodhmatos toy stoys pistwtes. An den thrhsei tis ypoxrewseis toy den eperxetai apallagh apo ta xreh.

    H ryqmish xrewn afora fysika proswpa. Eidikotera, stis ryqmiseis toy nomoy ypagontai oi xrhmatikes ofeiles twn fysikwn proswpwn poy mexri shmera den exoyn ptwxeytikh ikanothta. Epomenws, stis ryqmiseis toy ypagontai kai ta xreh twn epaggelmatiwn, oxi omws twn emporwn. Ejairoyntai ofeiles apo adikoprajia poy diapraxqhke me dolo, dioikhtika prostima, xrhmatikes poines, ofeiles apo foroys kai telh pros to Dhmosio kai oi eisfores pros toys organismoys koinwnikhs asfalishs.

    Proypoqesh ypagwghs einai, kata ta isxyonta kai sto ptwxeytiko dikaio, h epelqoysa h epapeiloymenh - mh dolia - monimh adynamia plhrwmhs lhjiproqesmwn xrewn.

    H diadikasia ryqmishs xrewn perilambanei tria stadia. Sto prwto, to ejwdikastiko, stadio epidiwketai oysiastika h ryqmish twn xrewn kai h apallagh toy apo to ypoloipo aytwn, me th symfwnh gnwmh twn pistwtwn kai twn pistwtikwn idrymatwn. Sto deytero stadio epidiwketai o symbibasmos enwpion toy Dikasthrioy. Sto trito stadio, kai efoson den exoyn eydokimhsei ta dyo prohgoymena stadia, eperxetai dikastikh pleon ryqmish xrewn me apallagh apo xreh.

    Kata to prwto stadio, epidiwketai h ejwdikastikh epilysh sth bash enos planoy ejygianshs twn xrewn sto opoio kai ta dyo merh qa symfwnhsoyn. Oysiastika, sto stadio ayto ta merh einai eleyqera na symfwnhsoyn o,ti pragmati krinoyn pros to symferon toys.

    Ean den symfwnhsoyn ofeileths kai pistwtes sto prwto stadio, tote pername sto deytero stadio, opoy o ofeileths dikaioytai na ypobalei aithsh sto Eirhnodikeio, sthn perifereia toy opoioy exei thn kyria katoikia, gia enarjh ths diadikasias merikhs apallaghs apo ta xreh. Sthn aithsh poy kataqetei o ofeileths, perilambanetai sxedio dieyqethshs ofeilwn, to opoio prepei na lambanei ypoch toso ta symferonta twn pistwtwn, oso kai thn perioysia, ta eisodhmata kai thn oikogeneiakh katastash toy ofeileth. Ean kanenas pistwths den probalei antirrhseis epi toy sxedioy dieyqethshs ofeilwn h sygkatatiqentai oloi se ayto, tote qewreitai oti o symbibasmos exei ginei apodektos. Sthn periptwsh ayth to dikasthrio epikyrwnei to sxedio me apofash toy, to opoio apokta pleon isxy dikastikoy symbibasmoy. To dikasthrio mporei na epikyrwsei ton symbibasmo akomh ki an synainoyn se ayton pistwtes poy kalyptoyn to 51% twn xrewn. H aithsh gia thn apallagh apo ta xreh qewreitai pleon anaklhqeisa.

    H aithsh poy kataqetei o ofeileths sto Eirhnodikeio prepei na periexei:

    a). Thn perioysiakh katastash toy ofeileth kai pashs fysews eisodhmata toso toy idioy oso kai toy/ths syzygoy toy,

    b). Thn katastash twn pistwtwn toy kai tis apaithseis poy aytoi exoyn (kefalaio, tokoi kai ejoda), kai

    g). To sxedio dieyqethshs ofeilwn, poy na lambanei ypoch toso ta symferonta twn pistwtwn, oso kai thn perioysia, ta eisodhmata kai thn oikogeneiakh katastash toy ofeileth.

    Akoma, mazi me thn aithsh pros to Eirhnodikeio, h entos mhnos apo thn ypobolh ths, o ofeileths ypoxreoytai na proskomisei ta ejhs:

    a). Bebaiwsh toy Synhgoroy toy Katanalwth, Epitrophs Filikoy Diakanonismoy, Enwshs Katanalwtwn, dikhgoroy h alloy dhmosioy forea poy syntrexei toys katanalwtes se zhthmata yperxrewshs, apo thn opoia na prokyptei h pragmatopoihsh ths prospaqeias gia ejwdikastiko symbibasmo (prwto stadio) kai h apotyxia ayths.

    b). Ypeyqynh dhlwsh gia thn orqothta kai plhrothta oswn stoixeiwn anaferei sthn aithsh toy sxetika me thn perioysiakh toy katastash kai tis ypoxrewseis toy pros toy pistwtes. Epishs, sthn ypeyqynh dhlwsh o ofeileths prepei na anaferei tis metabibaseis akinhtwn perioysiakwn toy stoixeiwn poy proebh thn teleytaia trietia.

    H enarjh ypobolhs aithsewn ginetai tesseris mhnes meta thn chfish kai isxys toy nomoy, diasthma kata to opoio, wstoso, ta merh mporoyn na epidiwjoyn hdh ton ejwdikastiko symbibasmo.

    Stoxos einai to grhgorotero dynato. Gib ayto kai problepetai h syzhthsh ths aithshs toy ofeileth sto dikasthrio na ginetai se ligotero apo eji mhnes apo thn hmeromhnia kataqeshs aithshs.

    Stoxos einai h aplopoihsh ths olhs diadikasias. Gib ayto kai ta synarmodia Ypoyrgeia qa proteinoyn sygkekrimena ypodeigmata twn apaitoymenwn pistopoihtikwn, dhlwsewn, katalogwn kai katastasewn kai sxediwn dieyqethshs ofeilwn.

    Kai ta dyo merh ektimatai oti exoyn isxyra kinhtra na erqoyn se mia metajy toys symfwnia. Oi ofeiletes giati antilambanontai oti h apallagh toys proypoqetei mia makroxronh dokimasia poy synepagetai shmantikoys periorismoys gia toys idioys, endexomenws kai meta thn peratwsh ths. Oi pistwtes kai ta pistwtika idrymata, giati gnwrizoyn oti me thn ypobolh ths aithshs apo ton ofeileth qa prowqhqei pleon mia diadikasia apallaghs apo ta xreh xwris th dikh toys symfwnh gnwmh. Exoyn, loipon, oi pistwtes symferon, an o ofeileths yposxetai me realistikoys oroys thn ejyphrethsh enos meroys toy xreoys toy, poy piqanologeitai oti qa mporoyse na einai chlotero apo ayto poy qa eiseprattan oi pistwtes sth diarkeia ths diadikasias apallaghs, na erqoyn se symfwnia mazi toy.

    Ean telika yparxoyn antirrhseis apo toys pistwtes kata to deytero stadio, tote jekina to trito stadio, kata to opoio ginetai dikastikh ryqmish xrewn me merikh apallagh apo xreh. Sygkekrimena, to dikasthrio elegxei aytepaggeltws pleon ean plhroyntai oi sxetikes proypoqeseis. Efoson pragmati den eparkoyn ta perioysiaka stoixeia kai eisodhmata toy ofeileth gia thn apoplhrwmh twn xrewn toy, tote to dikasthrio proxwra sthn ypo oroys apallagh toy apo ta xreh.

    Se ayto to stadio o ofeileths analambanei thn ypoxrewsh na kataballei kaqe mhna ena meros toy eisodhmatos toys stoys pistwtes. Sygkekrimena, o ofeileths qa prepei, sto plaisio enos tetraetoys planoy plhrwmwn, na apoplhrwsei ena elaxisto pososto twn xrewn poy exei kaqorisei to dikasthrio, lambanontas ypoch to prosdokwmeno eisodhma toy kai tis biotikes anagkes toy idioy kai ths oikogeneias toy. To pososto den mporei na einai katwtero apo to 10% twn xrewn. Ean o ofeileths den thrhsei tis ypoxrewseis toy, den eperxetai apallagh apo ta xreh.

    Shmeiwnetai oti se ejairetikes periptwseis, idiws se periptwseis xronias anergias h shmantikwn problhmatwn ygeias, opoy to eisodhma toy ofeileth den eparkei gia thn kalych stoixeiwdwn biotikwn anagkwn, einai dynatos o prosdiorismos xamhloterwn h kai mhdenikwn katabolwn. Ayto akoma ki an den prokyptei h ejoflhsh toy elaxistoy posostoy toy 10% twn synolikwn ofeilwn. To dikasthrio mporei na epanejetazei kaqe oktw mhnes, h kai nwritera aytepaggeltws h meta apo aithsh toy ofeileth h toy pistwth, ean syntrexoyn oi proypoqeseis gia tis ejairetikes aytes periptwseis, epanaryqmizontas tis ofeilomenes kataboles.

    H kyria katoikia toy ofeileth

    H kyria katoikia toy ofeileth, kata thn diadikasia ryqmishs kai apallaghs apo ta xreh, prostateyetai. O ofeileths mporei na zhthsei thn ejairesh ths apo thn perioysia poy reystopoieitai gia thn ikanopoihsh twn pistwtwn, efoson den yperbainei se ektash to problepomeno apo tis isxyoyses diatajeis orio aforologhths apokthshs prwths katoikias, prosayjanomeno kata 30%. Se ayth thn periptwsh analambanei thn ypoxrewsh na ejoflhsei se xroniko diasthma poy den yperbainei ta eikosi eth me periodo xaritos kai se eynoikoys oroys poso ofeilwn mexri to 85% ths emporikhs ajias toy akinhtoy, opws ayth apotimatai apo to Dikasthrio.

    Sthn periptwsh poy to dikasthrio krinei oti den yfistatai monimh adynamia toy ofeileth gia apoplhrwmh twn lhjiproqesmwn ypoxrewsewn toy, tote mporei h dikastikh diadikasia na perioristei me aplh ryqmish twn ofeilwn xwris apallagh apo ta xreh. Sygkekrimena, h ryqmish mporei na problepei thn anastolh ths periodikhs ejoflhshs ths ofeilhs mexri dyo eth. Kata th dietia ayth, qa kataballontai eite mono oi tokoi eite aytoi qa kefalaiopoioyntai, xwris prohgoymeno anatokismo kata th lhjh ths anastolhs.

    Gia na ypaxqei o ofeileths stis eyergetikes ryqmiseis toy nomoy, ypoxreoytai sthn eilikrinh dhlwsh twn stoixeiwn poy anaferei. Ean apo dolo den to prajei, tote ekpiptei apo ta eyergethmata ths ryqmishs kai den mporei na ypobalei nea aithsh gia ryqmish xrewn gia dyo eth.

    Ean telikws den eydokimhsei h apallagh apo ta xreh, sthn periptwsh ayth, anabiwnei h ofeilh ws eixe, dixws omws toys tokoys anatokismoy.

    Ypenqymizetai oti kaqe ofeileths mporei na ajiopoihsei mono mia fora tis ryqmiseis gia thn apallagh xrewn, efoson syntrexoyn oi proypoqeseis toy nomoy.

    H ryqmish xrewn stoxo exei thn prostasia twn katanalwtwn, oxi thn diakindyneysh ths fereggyothtas toys. Gia to skopo ayto, h ryqmish xrewn kai h apallagh apo xreh den mporei na apotelesei antikeimeno epejergasias dedomenwn oikonomikhs symperiforas apo pistwtika idrymata h tritoys gia xroniko diasthma megalytero twn triwn kai pente etwn antistoixa, apo to xroniko shmeio poy lhgei h ryqmish h eperxetai h apallagh.

    H ypoyrgos sth synenteyjh typoy anefere oti bboi HPA (13o kefalaio ths Bankruptcy Reform Act, 1978), diaqetoyn hdh edw kai 30 xronia ryqmiseis gia thn apallagh twn yperxrewmenwn idiwtwn apo ta xreh toys, otan aytoi adynatoyn na antapokriqoyn se ayta. Polles alles xwres thn teleytaia 15etia exoyn yioqethsei antistoixes ryqmiseis. Ston Kanadas, thn Iapwnia, th Megalh Bretania, kai th Dania apo to 1982, sth Norbhgia, th Soyhdia kai thn Aystria apo to 1994, sthn Ollandia apo to 1998, sth Germania kai to Belgio apo to 1999, sth Gallia apo to 2003, sth Portogalia apo to 2004, kai sthn Tsexia apo to 2008.bb Kai sxoliase oti bbta pistwtika idrymata qa prepei asfalws na anaptyjoyn krithria me bash ta opoia qa ajiologoyn orqologikotera thn pistolhptikh ikanothta twn ypochfiwn daneiolhptwn. Epipleon, qa prepei na dhmioyrghsoyn eswterikoys mhxanismoys ajiologhshs gia thn apodoxh h mh twn sxediwn apallaghs apo ta xreh. Ena shmantiko parapleyro ofelos ths ryqmishs einai oti symballei sthn anaptyjh mias koyltoyras diaboyleyshs, diapragmateyshs kai ryqmishs twn xrewn, poy sth shmerinh praktikh einai anyparkth, kaqws dinei th dynatothta stoys pistwtes na plhroforoyntai th synolikh oikonomikh katastash toy ofeileth, toys kindynoys kai tis adynamies ejyphrethshs xrewn, kai na yioqethsoyn enocei ths piqanhs apallaghs apo ta xreh kai realistikoteres prosdokiesbb.

    Shmeiwnetai telos oti problepetai de, epiprosqetws, h anastolh twn pleisthriasmwn ths monadikhs katoikias, wste na doqei h dynatothta stoys ofeiletes poy briskontai se monimh adynamia apoplhrwmhs na ajiopoihsoyn thn prostateytikh diatajh ths kyrias katoikias, me thn ejairesh ayths apo th reystopoihsimh perioysia, poy emperiexei to sxedio nomoy.

    [10] Aponomh toy Nompel Eirhnhs

    "Agenh" qewrei h pleiochfia twn Norbhgwn thn apofash toy Mparak Ompama na perikocei shmantika to epishmo programma ths episkechs toy sto Oslo, opoy qa metabei shmera gia thn aponomh toy brabeioy Nompel Eirhnhs, symfwna me dhmoskophsh poy dhmosieyqhke sthn norbhgikh efhmerida Verdens Gang.

    Mesa sth genikh kataplhjh poy exei prokalesei h brabeysh toy, o amerikanos proedros qa periorisei sto elaxisto dynato th symmetoxh toy stis epishmes problepomenes ekdhlwseis, kaqws aperrice thn prosklhsh gia progeyma me ton basilia ths Norbhgias, arnhqhke na dwsei synenteyjh typoy kai den qa parakoloyqhsei to konserto Nompel poy dinetai pros timh toy.

    Para to gegonos oti to epishmo programma ths aponomhs diarkei synhqws treis meres, o Ompama anamenetai na parameinei sto Oslo molis mia hmera, kaqws qa ftasei shmera kai qa anaxwrhsei thn Paraskeyh to prwi.

    Symfwna me dhmoskophsh toy Institoytoy InFact, to 44% twn 1000 atomwn poy rwthqhkan qewroyn "ageneia" thn apofash toy Ompama na arnhqei thn prosklhsh toy norbhgoy monarxh kai to 53% qewroyn epishs "agenes" to oti den qa parakoloyqhsei to konserto Nompel.

    "Mia cyxra ypologismenh kinhsh kai mia "real politik" strathgikh krybetai pisw apo ayth thn apofash", ektima o Kiel Terie Ringkntal, eidikos dieqnwn sxesewn, ton opoio epikaleitai h efhmerida.

    "Einai ejypno apo thn pleyra toy, kaqws qelei na krathsei xamhlo profil -den qelei na prosdwsei yperbolikh lamch sto metallio", prosqese o Ringkntal.

    O Ompama qa paralabei to brabeio Nompel Eirhnhs ennea meres meta thn anakoinwsh ths apofashs gia apostolh 30.000 epipleon stratiwtwn sto Afganistan.


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