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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-12-25

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Atzenta 25/12/2009
  • [02] Eqima kai paradoseis ths pio xaroymenhs giorths ths Xristianosynhs
  • [03] Fonikh xionoqyella
  • [04] "Qa patajw th mafia"

    [01] Atzenta 25/12/2009

    XRONIA POLLA

    [02] Eqima kai paradoseis ths pio xaroymenhs giorths ths Xristianosynhs

    Me eqima kai paradoseis poy exoyn tis rizes toys baqia pisw sto xrono, etoimazontai oles oi perioxes ths Elladas na ypodextoyn th gennhsh toy Xristoy. Poleis kai xwria se olh th xwra "stolisthkan", fwtisthkan kai oi proetoimasies gia thn afijh ths pio xaroymenhs giorths ths Xristianosynhs "ntynontai" me melwdies kai pairnoyn arwma apo tis koyzines twn noikokyriwn.

    MAKEDONIA - QRAKH

    Sta xwria ths boreias Elladas, apo tis paramones twn eortwn o noikokyrhs caxnei sta xwrafia kai dialegei to pio omorfo, to pio gero, to pio xontro jylo apo peyko h elia kai to paei spiti toy. Ayto onomazetai Xristojylo kai einai to jylo poy qa kaiei gia olo to dwdekahmero twn eortwn, apo ta Xristoygenna mexri kai ta Fwta, sto tzaki toy spitioy. H staxth twn jylwn aytwn profylasse to spiti kai ta xwrafia apo kaqe kako. Prin o noikokyrhs ferei to Xristojylo, h noikokyra frontizei na exei kaqarisei to spiti kai me idiaiterh prosoxh to tzaki, wste na mh meinei oyte ixnos apo thn palia staxth. Kaqarizoyn akomh kai thn kapnodoxo, gia na mh briskoyn pathmata na kateboyn oi kalikantzaroi, ta kaka daimonia, opws lene sta paradosiaka xristoygenniatika paramyqia. To brady ths paramonhs twn Xristoygennwn, otan olh h oikogeneia qa einai mazemenh gyrw apo to tzaki, o noikokyrhs toy spitioy anabei thn kainoyria fwtia kai mpainei sthn estia to Xristojylo. Symfwna me tis paradoseis toy laoy, kaqws kaigetai to Xristojylo, zestainetai o Xristos sth fatnh Toy. Se kaqe spitiko, oi noikokyraioi prospaqoyn to Xristojylo na kaiei mexri ta Fwta.

    Stis perioxes ths Makedonias kai ths Qrakhs emfanizetai to eqimo twn metamfiesewn, poy fainetai pws exei sxesh me toys kalikantzaroys.

    Sta xwria Platania kai Sitagroi toy Nomoy Dramas synantame to eqimo twn Mwmogerwn, to opoio proerxetai apo toy Pontioys prosfyges. H onomasia exei tis rizes ths stis lejeis mimos h mwmos kai geros kai syndeetai me tis mimhtikes kinhseis twn prwtagwnistwn. Aytoi, forwntas tomaria zwwn - lykwn, tragwn h allwn - h ntymenoi me stoles anqrwpwn oplismenwn me spaqia, exoyn th morfh gerontikwn proswpwn. Oi Mwmogeroi emfanizontai kaq' olh th diarkeia toy dwdekahmeroy twn eortwn, kai prosdokwntas tyxh gia th nea xronia, gyrizoyn se parees stoys dromoys twn xwriwn kai tragoydoyn ta kalanta h alloys eyxetikoys stixoys. Otan dyo parees synanthqoyn, kanoyn ceytopolemo metajy toys, wspoy h mia omada na nikhsei kai h allh na dhlwsei ypotagh.

    Parallages toy idioy eqimoy synantwntai se xwria ths Kozanhs kai ths Kastorias, me thn onomasia Ragkoytsaria.

    Sthn Pella anabiwnei to eqimo ths "Kolinta Mpampw", opoy oi katoikoi anaboyn fwties fwnazontas "kolinta mpampw", poy shmainei "sfazoyn giagia". Symfwna me to eqimo, oi fwties anaboyn gia na maqoyn oi anqrwpoi gia th sfagh toy Hrwdh kai na profylaxtoyn.

    Sth Siatista Kozanhs anabiwnoyn oi "kladaries", fwties poy anabontai gia na zestanoyn ton Xristo, ta "kolianta", kalanta sto topiko siatistino idiwma, kai ta "mpoympoysaria", ta karnabalia me to kaqara siatistino Aibasiliatiko xoro.

    Sth Flwrina, oi katoikoi ypodexontai th gennhsh toy Xristoy anabontas megales fwties stis 12 ta mesanyxta, poy symbolizoyn th fwtia poy anacan oi poimenes ths Bhqleem gia na zestaqei o neogennhtos Xristos. Fwties anaboyn epishs kai to brady ths Prwtoxronias.

    QESSALIA

    Ena apo ta shmantikotera xristoygenniatika eqima ths Qessalias einai to sfajimo toy goyroynioy. H proetoimasia gia to sfajimo ginotan me ejairetikh frontida, enw epakoloyqoyse glenti mexri ta jhmerwmata, gia na epanalhfqei h idia diadikasia thn epomenh kai th meqepomenh mera. Treis-tesseris syggenikes oikogeneies kaqorizan me th seira poia hmera qa esfaze to goyroyni ths. H hmera ayth kaqierwqhke ws "goyroynoxara h groynoyxara". Otan malista proskaloysan kapoion, den elegan "ela na sfajoyme to goyroyni", alla "ela, exoyme goyroynoxara".

    Ta mesanyxta ths paramonhs twn Xristoygennwn ginetai to legomeno "taisma" ths bryshs. Oi kopeles, ta xaramata twn Xristoygennwn, phgainoyn sthn pio kontinh brysh "gia na klecoyn to akranto nero". To lene akranto, dhladh amilhto, giati de bgazoyn lejh s' olh th diadromh. Aleifoyn tis bryses toy xwrioy me boytyro kai meli, me thn eyxh, opws trexei to nero na trexei kai h prokoph sto spiti ton kainoyrgio xrono kai opws glyko einai to meli, etsi glykia na einai kai h zwh toys. Gia na exoyn kalh sodeia, otan ftanoyn ekei, thn "taizoyn", me diafores lixoydies, opws boytyro, cwmi, tyri, ospria h kladi elias. Elegan malista pws opoia qa phgaine prwth sth brysh, ayth qa stekotan kai h pio tyxerh oloklhro to xrono. Epeita rixnoyn sth stamna ena batofyllo kai tria xalikia, "kleboyn nero" kai gyrizoyn sta spitia toys pali amilhtes mexri na pioyne oloi apo to akranto nero. Me to idio nero rantizoyn kai tis tesseris gwnies toy spitioy, enw skorpoyn sto spiti kai ta tria xalikia.

    Se polla xwria ths Qessalias, epistrefontas apo thn ekklhsia sto spiti, ta koritsia bazoyn paradipla sto anammeno tzaki klwnaria kedroy poy ta jedialegoyn, enw ta agoria topoqetoyn kladia apo agriokerasia. Ta mikra ayta kladia dentrwn antiproswpeyoyn tis proswpikes toys epiqymies gia thn pragmatopoihsh mias omorfhs zwhs. Frontizoyn malista ta kladia ayta na einai lygera kai parakoloyqoyn me endiaferon poio klwnari qa kaei prwto, kaqws lene pws ayto einai kalo shmadi gia to koritsi h to agori, antistoixa, kai sygkekrimena pws qa einai ayto poy qa pantreytei prwto.

    Jexwristo "xrwma" exoyn ta Xristoygenna gia toys Karagkoynhdes ths Qessalias, ta eqima kai oi paradoseis twn hmerwn stoys opoioys exoyn tis rizes toys baqia pisw sto xrono.

    H giorth twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias askoyse anekaqen terastia epidrash sthn karagkoynikh cyxh, opws anaferei xarakthristika o ekpaideytikos kai melethths, Zhshs Tziamoyrtas.

    Thn paramonh, anaferei xarakthristika, oi noikokyres htan apo nwris sto podi, proetoimazontas me idiaiterh frontida kai laxtara tis kloyres gia ta mikra paidia, poy qa tragoydoysan sto xwrio thn paramonh, tis aygokloyres, alla kai th Xristoygenniatikh kota.

    Thn paragemisth kota, opws thn elegan, poy sto eswteriko ths ebazan ligo ryzi, syka, stafides, entosqia apo kotopoylo kai kommatia apo prosfora gia na einai eyloghmeno to trapezi toy Xristoy.

    Prin jhmerwsei, kata tis treis, me ta kainoyrgia toys royxa kai "kaqaroi" apo th nhsteia twn 40 hmerwn epairnan to dromo gia thn ekklhsia me jexwristh eylabeia, gia na parakoloyqhsoyn th Qeia Leitoyrgia kai na paroyn th metalabia.

    Otan teleiwne h leitoyrgia, oi gynaikes moirazan stoys enorites, alles mesa sto nao, cwmi, poy eixan stis kanistres kai thganismena kotopoyla poy eixan se xwmatina piata kai alles ejw sthn aylh gia na pasxisoyn oi cyxes twn peqamenwn, legontas thn eyxh "Xronia polla kai o Qeos sxwres'".

    Otan oloi oi xwrianoi ebgainan apo thn ekklhsia, ston ayleio xwro, xaroymenoi kai gelastoi elegan metajy toys "Xronia polla". Den aspazontan oi mikroteres oyte oi nyfes ta xeria twn megalyterwn, otan metalabainan ta axranta mysthria. Merikoi de toyfekoysan me toys gkrades.

    Kai ayto, ejhgei o k. Tziamoyrtas, gia na apomakrynqoyn ta kaka pneymata poy epenergoyn pantote epikindyna stis prospaqeies twn anqrwpwn, opws pisteyan.

    To meshmeri, olh h oikogeneia, kaqismenh sthn caqa gyrw apo thn tabla, etrwge th paragemisth kota kai soypa, afoy prwta ekanan to stayro toys. To gegonos twn Xristoygennwn den to ecelnan mono mesa sthn ekklhsia oi Karagkoynhdes, alla kai ta mikra paidia, hlikias 8-13 etwn, thn paramonh, gyrnwntas se ola ta spitia toy xwrioy prin akoma xarajei kala.

    HPEIROS

    "To anammeno poyrnari" einai mia wraia synhqeia poy basizetai se mia palia paradosh. Otan gennhqhke o Xristos kai phgan, leei, oi boskoi na proskynhsoyn, htan nyxta skoteinh. Brhkan kapoy ena jero poyrnari ki ekocan ta kladia toy. Phre o kaqenas apo ena kladi sto xeri, toy ebale fwtia kai gemise to skoteino boyno xaroymenes fwties kai trijimata kai krotoys. Apo tote, loipon, exoyn th synhqeia sta xwria ths Artas, opoios paei sto spiti toy geitona, gia na pei ta xronia polla, kaqws kai ola ta paidia ta pantremena, poy qa pane sto patriko toys, gia na filhsoyn to xeri toy patera kai ths manas toys, na kratoyn ena klari poyrnari, h o,ti allo dentriko poy kaiei trizontas. Sto dromo to anaboyn kai to phgainoyn etsi anammeno sto patriko toys spiti kai gemizoyn xaroymenes fwties kai krotoys ta skoteina dromakia toy xwrioy.

    Sta Giannena den kratoyn oloklhro to poyrnari anammeno sto xeri toys, alla kratoyn sth xoyfta toys mia xeria dafnofylla kai poyrnarofylla, poy ta petoyn sto tzaki, molis mpoyne kai kalhmerizoyn. Ki otan ta fylla ta jera piasoyn fwtia ki arxisoyn na trizoyn kai na petane spiqes, eyxontai: "Arnia, katsikia, nyfes kai gamproys!" Ayth einai h kalyterh eyxh gia kaqe noikokyrh. Na prokoboyn ta kopadia toy, na plhqainei h famelia toy, na megalwnoyn ta koritsia kai ta palikaria toy, na toy fernoyn sto spiti nyfes kai gamproys, na toy dwsoyn eggonia poy de q' afhsoyn t' onoma to patriko na sbhsei.

    IONIO-ZAKYNQOS

    Sth Zakynqo, ena nhsi poy yphrje gia polloys aiwnes stayrodromi lawn kai politismwn ta eqima sxhmatopoihqhkan sthn diadromh toy xronoy me diaxytes tis epirroes ths qrhskeytikhs mas paradoshs alla me stoixeia toso apo thn anatolikh orqodojh ekklhsia oso kai apo th dytikh kaqolikh ekklhsia.

    Gia polloys aiwnes to nhsi htan katw apo thn kyriarxia Latinwn, Enetwn, Gallwn kai Agglwn kai oi epidraseis apo ta eqima ths tote arxoysas tajhs perasan stadiaka sta eyrytera koinwnika strwmata kai afomoiwqhkan apo ton aplo lao. To gegonos oti oi kata kairoys katakthtes yphrjan omoqrhskoi me to ntopio plhqysmo epetrece na metalampadeytoyn eqima kai paradoseis me anagennhsiaka kai prwima eyrwpaika xarakthristika.

    Idiaitera shmantikh yphrje h epiroh twn Enetwn poy eixan enswmatwsei th Zakynqo kai ola ta Ionia nhsia sto dioikhtiko systhma ths "Galhnotaths dhmokratias toy Agioy Markoy" gia treis peripoy aiwnes.

    Prin ton eortasmo ths gennhshs toy Xristoy, prohgeitai ena sarantahmero nhsteias, swmatikhs kai pneymatikhs, poy arxizei apo tis 14 Noembrioy kai teleiwnei stis 24 Dekembrioy.

    H hmera ths paramonhs twn Xristoygennwn einai mia apo tis shmantikoteres meres toy xronoy gia kaqe Zakynqinh oikogeneia. Ola ta melh ths mazeyontai sto patriko spiti ths oikogeneias wste na kocoyn oloi mazi thn Zakynqinh paramoniatikh koyloyra twn Xristoygennwn.

    H zakynqinh koyloyra einai monadiko eqimo sto nhsi kai apotelei mia pragmatikh ierotelestia gia kaqe spiti. Symbolizei thn enothta ths oikogeneias kai thn pisth sth gennhsh toy qeanqrwpoy.

    Thn diadikasia ths kophs thn analambanei to ghraiotero melos ths oikogeneias. Ayto pairnei ths koyloyra sta xeria toy, thn krataei apo thn katw pleyra ths, thn bazei panw apo to tzaki h se mia gwnia toy spitioy kai me ena pothri krasi alla kai me ladi, thn brexei apo panw sxhmatizontas enan stayro. Xaramata ths proparamonhs twn Xristoygennwn h noikokyra exei jekinhsei to zymwma enw exei arxisei na zestainei ton foyrno gia to chsimo twn xristocwmwn (koyloyrwn).

    Afoy stayrwsei treis fores ta ylika mesa sth skafh arxizei kai zymwnei to prozymi kai argotera zymwnei ta xristocwma. Ena jexwristo xristocwmo me trypa sth mesh qa einai h perifhmh Zakynqinh paramoniatikh koyloyra twn Xristoygennwn. poy mesa bazei ena kerma h opws to onomazoyn oi ntopioi "hyrema".

    Panw sto trapezi, thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn, to mona faghta poy yparxoyn einai mprokola kai elies.

    Otan erqei h wra ths kophs ths koyloyras, oloi kaqontai sto trapezi kai o arxhgos ths oikogeneias, arxizei na kobei apo tyxaio shmeio thn koyloyra. To prwto kommati einai toy Xristoy h toy ftwxoy, to deytero toy spitioy kai ta alla twn ypoloipwn melwn ths oikogeneias, panta kata seira hlikias, apo to megalytero pros to mikrotero.

    Thn idia mera to meshmeri, olh h oikogeneia mazeyetai gyrw apo to trapezi kai perimenoyn me laxtara tis noikokyres toy spitioy na feroyn th brasth galopoyla, aygolemono kai fysika to krasi.

    H Zakynqinh paramoniatikh koyloyra twn Xristoygennwn, symfwna me mia palia topikh paradosh, symbolizei to astro ths Bhqleem, poy odhghse toys treis Magoys sto Sphlaio ths Gennhshs.

    To "hyrema" symbolizei to Qeio Brefos. To krasi kai to ladi, poy rixnei o spitonoikokyrhs sth fwtia apo to kentro ths koyloyras, symbolizoyn ta dwra twn Magwn.

    H floga poy foyntwnei stigmiaia, deixnei thn Anastash toy Ihsoy kai thn apolytrwsh twn Prwtoplastwn. Telos oi pyrobolismoi poy rixnontai kai lene "gia ton Hrwdh", deixnoyn thn aganakthsh twn anqrwpwn gia ton kataxqonio diwxth toy neogennhtoy Xristoy.

    STEREA ELLADA

    "Tsigariqres", loykanika, "mpoymparia", "xristocwma" "basilocwma" "basilokoyloyres", mpaklabades kai polla kalanta einai gemata ta Xristoygenna kai h Prwtoxronia sth Roymelh.

    Ta eqima jekinoyn apo thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn kai oloklhrwnontai meta thn Prwtoxronia. Jekinoyn me thn "xoirosfagh" alla kai ton tropo me ton opoio sfazoyn ta goyroynia kai ftanei mexri to "pantrema ths fwtias". Synodeyontai me glenti, me kalanta kai arketa megalo teletoyrgiko.

    Sta xwria ths Dytikhs Fqiwtidas kai toy Domokoy ths Parnassidas kai ths Dwridas h "sfagh twn xoirwn" h legomenh "xoirosfagh" pairnei ena entelws diaforetiko xarakthra. Sxedon se kaqe spiti yparxei goyroyni. Oi katoikoi kai oi proskeklhmenoi se omades jekinoyn to sfajimo apo spiti se spiti. Malista prosdidoyn ena teletoyrgiko sthn "xoirosfagh". Einai aparaithto na yparxei fwtia kai zesto nero, na yparxei karboyno kai libani kai thn wra poy ginetai h sfagh, h noikokyra, qa prepei na ta rijei panw sth sfagh. Malista sto stoma toy xoiroy synhqizetai na topoqetoyn ena lemoni gia na menei anoixto.

    Sth synexeia topoqetoyn to xoirino anamesa se dyo jyla megala kai arxizoyn to "jepastwma". Otan teleiwsoyn oloys toy xoiroys ths geitonias arxizei to glenti enw thn idia wra oi noikokyres jekinoyn na ftiajoyn loykanika "tsigariqres" kai "mpoymparia". Se ena megalo kazani rixnoyn tmhmata apo to lipos toy xoiroy poy exei kai kommatia kreas panw toy, to bazoyn sth fwtia kai ayto arxizei na liwnei. Syllegoyn to reysto lipos se doxeia kai oti apomenei sto telos einai "tsigariqres". To "sbhnoyn" me kalo krasi kai einai apo toys prwtoys mezedes sto glenti.

    Ta pneymonia, kai thn splhna kai alla entosqia mazi me praso, ryzi kai myrwdika oi noikokyres sth Fqiwtida ta xrhsimopoioyn gia na ftiajoyn "mpoymparia". Olh ayth thn maza thn pernoyn mesa se ena entero kai sth synexeia ta brazoyn gia arketh wra. Apo kei kai meta metaferontai sto foyrno gia na rodokokkinisoyn kai apoteloyn enan prwths tajews meze gia tis epomenes meres.

    Ta jhmerwmata twn Xristoygennwn se orismenes perioxes opws se aytes tis Lokridas to "tsiknizoyn". Meta to telos ths Qeias Leitoyrgias ta jhmerwmata twn Xristoygennwn anaboyn tis fwties kai prin akoma bgei o hlios exoyn hdh sthsei to Xristoygenniatiko trapezi me xoirina kai mezedes.

    Sta xwria ths dytikhs Fqiwtidas ta jhmerwmata twn Xristoygennwn synhqizoyn na "arrabwniazoyn th fwtia". Oi noikokyres topoqetoyn sto tzaki ena poly megalo jylo kai ekeinh thn wra symfwna me thn paradosh o,ti zhthseis mporei na ginei. Bebaiws ayto poy qa zhthseis prepei na afora sta paidia kai oxi stoys pantremenoys.

    Omws meta toys "arrabwnes" exoyme to "pantrema ths fwtias" poy ginetai ta jhmerwmata ths prwtoxronias. Sto tzaki thn paramonh ths prwtoxronias mpainoyn dyo megala jyla. O noikokyrhs frontizei na einai akribws idia kai na kaigontai to idio. Symfwna me thn paradosh ta dyo jyla symbolizoyn thn allagh ths hmeras alla kai thn allagh toy xronoy. H paradosh epimenei oti opoia eyxh kai an kanei kapoios ekeinh th mera akomh kai katara, ayth qa piasei topo. Se alles perioxes ths Fqiwtidas ayto exei antikatastaqei me to "spoyrni". Ena mikro paidi kaqetai stayropodi mprosta sto anammeno tzaki, rixnei alati panw sth fwtia kai kanei diafores eyxes gia thn oikogeneia, gia thn ygeia, gia ta sparta poy symfwna me thn paradosh "pianoyn topo". Apozhmiwsh toy mikroy paidioy einai to prwto kaqi kalytero kommati "mpaklaba" poy ftiaxnoyn oi noikokyres.

    Eite me karydia poy einai epikratestero eite me amygdala kaqe spiti sthn Roymelh exei to mpaklaba toy. Yparxei malista antagwnismos stis noikokyres gia to ycos poy qa exei to glyko toys, to megeqos toy tacioy poy qa xrhsimopoihsoyn enw tis prohgoymenes hmeres to jenyxti einai dedomeno gia na anoijoyn ta xeiropoihta "fylla".

    Mesa se ola ta alla jexwrizoyn to "basilocwmo" kai oi "basilokoyloyres" poy trwgontai anhmera toy Agioy Basileioy, afoy apo ton Ai Basilh phre to onoma toy. Se orismenes perioxes ektos apo aleyri oi noikokyres bazoyn mesa rebyqi alesmeno, h akomh kai ntopio kalampoki. Bazoyn mesa basiliko kai myrwdika kai panw toy dhmioyrgoyn diafora sxhmata kai parastaseis oi opoies exoyn sxesh me thn kaqhmerinothta. Aforoyn eite sthn paragwgh kai ta xwrafia, eite sthn ygeia kai ta akinhta eite sthn oikogeneia. Meta to chsimo toy einai etoimo na kopei, thn wra toy faghtoy, to meshmeri ths Prwtoxronias.

    KRHTH

    Plhqos eqimwn sthn Krhth kai idiaitera sta xwria ths gia ta Xristoygenna kai thn Prwtoxronia. Ta perissotera diathroyntai kai stis hmeres mas, dinontas ena diaforetiko tono stis giortes kai apo ayta ta eqima jexwrizoyn: to sfajimo toy xoiroy, to xristocwmo, ta glykismata, to podariko, ta kalanta, h "kalh xera", kai h mpoygatsa.

    Paliotera sta xwria, htan eqimo kaqe oikogeneia na megalwnei ena goyroyni, to "xoiro", opws to elegan. O xoiros sfazontan thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn ki htan to kyrio Xristoygenniatiko edesma. Ton xoiro ton esfazan thn hmera twn Agiwn Deka kai eftiaxnan: loykanika, apakia, phxth h tsiladia, syglina (dhladh to kreas toy goyroynioy kommeno se mikra kommatia, poy to echnan kai to ebazan se megala doxeia kai to kalyptan me to liwmeno lipos toy zwoy), omaqies (entera xoiroy gemismena me ryzi, stafides kai kommatakia sykwti), tsigarides (kommatia mageiremenoy lipoys me mpaxarika poy to etrwgan me zymwto cwmi gia kolatsio, otan mazeyan tis elies).

    Kai shmera omws polloi sta xwria anatrefoyn goyroynia ta opoia ta sfazoyn paramones twn Xristoygennwn

    To zymwma toy xristocwmoy qewreitai ergo qeio kai einai eqimo kaqara Xristianiko. Oi gynaikes ftiaxnoyn th zymh me idiaiterh eylabeia kai ypomonh. To zymwma einai mia ierotelestia. Xrhsimopoioyn akriba ylika, opws cilokoskinismeno aleyri, rodonero, meli, soysami, kanela kai garifala, kai kata th diarkeia toy zymwmatos lene: "O Xristos gennietai, to fws anebainei, to prozymi gia na genei." Plaqoyn to zymari kai pairnoyn th mish zymh kai ftiaxnoyn mia koyloyra. Me thn ypoloiph ftiaxnoyn stayro me loyrides ap' th zymh. Sto kentro bazoyn ena aspasto karydi h ena aygo, symbolizontas th gonimothta.

    Gia to xristoygenniatiko trapezi, to Xristocwmo einai eyloghmeno cwmi, afoy ayto qa sthrijei th zwh toy noikokyrh kai ths oikogeneias toy. To koboyn anhmera ta Xristoygenna, dinontas polles eyxes.

    Sto Hrakleio yparxei kai to eqimo ths mpoygatsas, opoy oi katoikoi katanalwnoyn anhmera ths Prwtoxronias megales posothtes mpoygatsas qelontas na einai glykia h prwth toys geysh. Malista se oloys toys dromoys toy Hrakleioy thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias sthnontai ypaiqrioi pagkoi gia thn dianomh mpoygatsas.

    Sta Xania, sthn sphlia toy Ai Giannh sthn Maraqokefala Kisamoy thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn teleitai Arxieratikh qeia leitoyrgia. H anaparastash ths fatnhs opoy gennhqhke o Xristos me probata, boskoys fwties shmantra kai to asteri na lampei sthn koryfh ths sphlias dinoyn idiaitero xrwma.

    Paliotera, apo thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn oi gewrgoi, oi boskoi kai oi naytikoi elegan "pws paleyoyn oi kairoi kai oi aerhdes poios qa gennhqei kai poios qa baptisqei''. Opoios gennhqei, opoios dhladh yperisxysei kai bgei nikhths thn hmera twn Xristoygennwn, aytos qa yperisxysei mexri kai ta Fwta, alla kai oloklhro ton kainoyrgio xrono.

    Pio palia to brady ths paramonhs twn Xristoygennwn ekoban kladia kai blastoys oi noikokyres kai oi kores kai ta phgainan sto spiti. Ta ebazan se pothri me nero kai prosmonoysan na anqisoyn.

    To "akoimhto" tzaki me ta megala koytsoyra ejakoyqei kai tis hmeres mas na dinei ton tono mias giorths oikogeneiakhs poy oloi anazhtoyn elpizontas se ena kalytero neo etos. Oi palaioteroi elegan pws mesa apo thn aqrakia -thn staxth- mporoysan na mantecoyn ta melloymena.

    PELOPONNHSOS

    Se olh thn Peloponnhso thn periodo twn eortwn twn Xristoygennwn kai toy Neoy Etoys pragmatopoioyntai ekdhlwseis apo toys Dhmoys, alla kai politistikoys foreis kaqe perioxhs, poy thn kaqistoyn elkystiko topoy proorismoy.

    Arkadia

    Epikentro toy eortasmoy apotelei h Tripolh, opoy shmeio anaforas apoteloyn oi plateies Petrinoy kai kentrikh (Agioy Basileioy). Ekei o Dhmos exei mikra spitakia, opoy o episkepths qa mporei na brei ola ta epoxika eidh kai na fwtografhqei sth fatnh kai katw apo to xristoygenniatiko dendro. Ta paidia qa mporoyn na paijoyn kai na diaskedasoyn, thn idia wra poy oi enhlikes qa mporoyn na apolaysoyn to rofhma toys h giortina glykismata ston idio xwro kai poy jereis kapoioi tyxeroi qa synanthsoyn kai ton Agio Basilh.

    Parallhla h Eqnikhs Antistasews enas apo toys kentrikoteroys ki emporikoys dromoys ths polhs exei pezodromhqei, prokeimenoy na syndesei plateies poy qa filojenhsoyn politistika drwmena, enw oles tis wres ths hmeras qa akoygontai xristoygenniatikes melwdies.

    Toso thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias, to prwi, ta KAPH toy Dhmoy kai h Filarmonikh diorganwnoyn giorth, prosferontas glykismata ejw apo to palaio Dhmarxeio sto giortino pezodromo.

    Ta mesanyxta toy Neoy Etoys sthn plateia toy Agioy Basileioy qa ginei h ypodoxh toy neoy xronoy ki amesws meta, apo ton ejwsth toy Mhtropolitikoy naoy toy Agioy Basileioy, o Mhtropoliths Mantineias, k. Alejandros, qa eyloghsei thn pita toy Dhmoy ki o dhmarxos Tripolhs, Alejandros Kotsianhs, qa kocei kai qa moirasei thn pita se ntopioys ki episkeptes, enw osoi antexoyn qa geytoyn kai tsoykalokayto.

    Ta Qeofaneia qa eortastoyn stis aktes ths Kynoyrias, me afethria to Astros kai to Lewnidio.

    Messhnia

    O Dhmos Kalamatas thn Paraskeyh 4 Dekembrioy anoije tis xristoygenniatikes ekdhlwseis me to anamma, apo to dhmarxo Panagiwth Nika toy entypwsiakoy xristoygenniatikoy dentro sthn kentrikh plateia, poy eixe plhmmyrisei apo xiliades paidia kaqe hlikias. Se mia ekdhlwsh gemath apo moysikh kai xristoygenniatikes melwdies apo th Filarmonikh toy Dhmoy kai thn Trifwnh xorwdia toy Dhmotikoy Wdeioy, enw akoloyqhse synaylia me to moysiko sygkrothma ''Poly Quartet'' ki ekleise me entypwsiaka pyrotexnhmata.

    Me kentro anaforas thn kentrikh plateia, me to karoysel kai ta mikra spitakia poy to periballoyn sxedon kaqe mera diorganwnei o Dhmos kai mia giorth. Staxyologwntas tis ekdhlwseis poy exei etoimasei o Dhmos Kalamatas kai oi politistikoi toy foreis sas proteinoyme:

    Thn Tetarth 23/12 ekdhlwsh apo thn Enwsh Mikrasiatwn Messhnias ''H Iwnia'', stis 12:00 to meshmeri me titlo ''Xristos genneqen, xara son kosmon'' kai stis 8:30 to brady ''Kalantisima!'', ekdhlwsh apo to Dhmotiko Wdeio.

    Thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn stis 12:00 kalanta apo toys maqhtes toy Dhmotikoy Wdeioy Kalamatas kai dhmioyrgies se xristoygenniatika motiba kai face-painting gia toys mikroys filoys sthn plateia.

    Thn Kyriakh 27/12 stis 11:30 to prwi ekdhlwsh me titlo ''Paizontas me ta paramyqia kai me tis koykles'' apo thn Peiramatikh Skhnh.

    Thn Trith 29/12 Gnwrimia me to proskopiko paixnidi sthn kentrikh plateia, ''Xristoygenna me ta Paidika Xwria SOS'' kai stis 6:00 to apogeyma probolh me qema ''Xristoygenna sthn Kalamata'' apo th Fwtografikh Lesxh ths polhs.

    Paramonh Prwtoxronias, apo tis 23.30 ''S'aythn thn polh poy 'maste, petra na mh ragisei'', kalwsorizoyme to 2010 sthn kentrikh Plateia.

    Korwnh: Me megalh epityxia pragmatopoihqhke to Sabbatokyriako 19 kai 20 Dekembrioy, to xristoygenniatiko BAZAAR poy diorganwsan, me kefi kai agaph, oi Gynaikes ths Korwnhs kai to Maniatakeio Idryma me th sthrijh toy Dhmoy Korwnhs, toy gymnasioy, toy politistikoy syllogoy, toy syllogoy epaggelmatiwn kai toy syndesmoy Korwnaiwn. Gia deyterh xronia, to Xristoygenniatiko pazari ths Korwnhs kerdise tis entypwseis kai egine topos synanthshs gia toys polites ths Korwnhs kai polloys episkeptes apo olh th Messhnia, ena ajizei na shmeiwsoyme oti ta esoda toy proorizontai gia koinwnikoys skopoys.

    Argolida

    Nayplio: o Dhmos exei foresei ta giortina toy kai sas perimenei me koryfaies ekdhlwseis thn ypodoxh toy neoy xronoy alla kai ta Qeofaneia sthn paralia.

    Thn Tetarth 23/12 h eqnikh Pinakoqhkh & to Moyseio Al. Soytsoy qa leitoyrghsoyn, 10 to prwi me 2 to meshmeri, ergasthria gia paidia 6 ws 12 xronwn me thn kataskeyh kai zwgrafikh xristoygenniatikwn stolidiwn empneysmena apo ton pinaka toy Spyroy Bikatoy me qema ''To xristoygenniatiko dendro''. To apogeyma 5:00 me 8:00 omada paidiwn apo th xorwdia toy 1oy gymnasioy ths polhs qa tragoydhsoyn xristoygenniatikes melwdies sthn palia polh kai stis 8:30 to brady sto Boyleytiko h Dhmotikh Xorwdia Nayplioy qa dwsoyn xristoygenniatikh synaylia.

    Thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn apo nwris to prwi ws arga to brady omades paidiwn kai xorwdies qa plhmmyrisoyn me xristoygenniatika kalanta kai melwdies thn palia polh toy Nayplioy.

    Oi ekdhlwseis qa synexistoyn sto Nayplio sxedon oles tis hmeres kai thn paramonh ths prwtoxronias o Dhmos exei etoimasei sthn plateia Triwn Nayarxwn giorth gia thn ypodoxh toy neoy xronoy. Parallhla apo tis 11:00 to brady to Dhmarxeio ths polhs qa einai anoikto gia eyxes kai kerasmata se ntopioys ki episkeptes, enw o dhmarxos Panagiwths Anagnwstaras ligo meta ta mesanyxta qa kocei thn basilopita.

    Nea Kios: Me jexwristo tropo giortazoyn ta Qeofania oi Kiotes, anabiwnontas eqima apo thn Kio ths Mikras Asias. Staqmos twn ekdhlwsewn to mpanio poy ''qa parei'' o kainoyrgios barkarhs sto limani ths Neas Kioy meta ton agiasmo twn ydatwn ta Qeofania.

    Ermionh: Opws kaqe xrono etsi kai fetos, ta Qeofaneia qa anabiwsei to eqimo ''giala - giala'' apo toys neoys poy kata thn diarkeia toy 2010 qa katatagoyn sto strato.

    Lakwnia

    Sparth: H qrylikh Lakwnikh prwteyoysa me th fwtagwghsh toy dendroy kai me synaylia apo thn Ellhnoamerikanida solist Nadia Weinberg exei jekinhsei tis giortines ekdhlwseis apo tis 4 Dekembrioy.

    O Dhmos Spartiatwn exei organwsei ekdhlwseis toso gia thn polh oso kai gia ta xwria toy, poy perilambanoyn qeatrika kai alla drwmena me thn symmetoxh kai politistikwn forewn ths perioxhs.

    Staxyologwntas tis ekdhlwseis sas proteinoyme na mhn xasete stis 23 Dekembrioy to apogeyma thn moysikh ekdhlwsh me sygkrothma tzaz sto kentro ths polhs poy qa dwsei jexwristo tono tis giortines aytes hmeres.

    Skala: O Dhmos kai h koinwfelhs dhmotikh epixeirhsh exei dhmioyrghsei sthn plateia twn phgwn ena paramyqenio xwrio me pagodromio kai alla spitakia gia mikroys kai megaloys ki oles tis giortines hmeres oi ekdhlwseis jekinoyn nwris to prwi kai teleiwnoyn arga to brady.

    Manh: Qa anabiwsoyn kai fetos oi dojasies gia toys kalikantzaroys poy mpainoyn sta spitia apo tis kapnodoxoys, giati toys proselkyei h myrwdia toy ladioy apo tis ''thganides'' poy ftiaxnoyn oi noikokyres thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn. Bebaia mhn fobaste oi kalikantzaroi poy orismenoi laografoi yposthrizoyn pws einai apogonoi toy tragopodh qeoy Pana, oso agrioi ki an fhmologeitai pws einai ws shmera den exoyn enoxlhsei kanena kai qa fygoyn ta Qeofania me ton agiasmo twn ydatwn, o epishmos eortasmos twn opoiwn qa ginei sthn paralia toy Gyqeioy.

    Telos se ola sxedon ta xwria, se kaqe gwnia ths Peloponnhsoy tis hmeres twn eortwn oi politistikoi syllogoi se synergasia me toys Dhmoys organwnoyn ekdhlwseis ki ajizei na apokthsete mia epipleon empeiria, ''Xristoygenna sto xwrio''.

    [03] Fonikh xionoqyella

    H isxyrh xionoqyella poy synodeyetai apo pagwmenoys anemoys exei prokalesei to qanato toylaxiston 18 anqrwpwn stis HPA alla kai sobara problhmata stis metakinhseis.

    "To tajidi ta Xristoygenna qa einai poly dyskolo", proeidopoihse o Pat Slater, ekproswpos ths eqnikhs metewrologikhs yphresias NWS. "Synistoyme stoys anqrwpoys, an mporoyn, na allajoyn ta sxedia toys gia logoys asfaleias", prosqese, systhnontas stoys tajidiwtes na perimenoyn.

    H qyella sarwnei oles tis kentrikes HPA, apo ta synora me ton Kanada mexri to Tejas, ejhghse o Slateri. Logw twn kakwn kairikwn synqhkwn exoyn shmeiwqei pampolla troxaia dystyxhmata, me apotelesma na skotwqoyn 18 anqrwpoi -- apo aytoys oi eji sth Nempraska kai alloi pente sto Kansas.

    Sta boreia to xioni anamenetai na ftasei akomh kai ta 60 ekatosta enw sto noto exoyn ekdoqei proeidopoihseis gia plhmmyres. Sto Tejas shmeiwqhke kai anemostrobilos poy jerizwse th stegh enos spitioy sto Longkbioy.

    Sto aerodromio toy Sikagoy mataiwqhkan thn Tetarth perissoteres apo 260 pthseis kai polloi epibates poy perimenoyn na beltiwqei o kairos kindyneyoyn na parameinoyn apokleismenoi ta Xristoygenna.

    [04] "Qa patajw th mafia"

    Enteka hmeres meta thn epiqesh poy dexqhke sthn kentrikh plateia ``Ntoyomo'' toy Milanoy, o Italos prwqypoyrgos Silbio Mperloyskoni qelhse na anaferqei sta kyria qemata ths epikairothtas, me synenteyjh poy paraxwrhse sth dhmosia radiofwnia ths RAI. O Italos prwqypoyrgos, milwntas apo th bila toy sto Arkore, ligo ejw apo to Milano, dhlwse oti qelei na ejaleicei th Mafia ws to telos ths qhteias ths paroysas Boylhs, to 2013.

    ``H mafia einai ena paqologiko fainomeno poy epiqymoyme na patajoyme sta tessera xronia nomoqetikhs periodoy poy apomenoyn prin apo tis epomenes boyleytikes ekloges'' eipe o Mperloyskoni.

    "Qa hqela na parathrhsw oti, para tis kathgories poy diatypwnontai kata toy prwqypoyrgoy, kammia kybernhsh sthn istoria ths (italikhs) dhmokratias den edrase me tosh apofasistikothta kai apotelesmatikothta enantion twn egklhmatikwn organwsewn", yposthrije.

    O Gkaspare Spatoytsa, enas metanohmenos mafiozos, kataqetontas stis arxes toy mhna sth dikh toy Martselo Ntel Oytri, geroysiasth ths italikhs kentrodejias kai stenoy filoy toy Silbio Mperloyskoni, dhlwse oti oi dyo andres yphrjan politikoi synomilhtes ths Mafias th dekatia toy '90.

    O Mperloyskoni, diaceydontas tis kathgories, tis eixe xarakthrisei "ws thn pio apisteyth kai potaph epiqesh poy ypesth ta teleytaia xronia".

    Se o,ti afora thn oikonomia, o Kabaliere dhlwse pws ``einai pepeismenos oti qa arxisei h anakamch, dioti oloi oi deiktes odhgoyn pros ayth thn kateyqynsh. Prepei omws -synexise- na fanoyn oloi aisiodojoi kai gematoi empistosynh, dioti, diaforetika, den mporei na ginei tipota''. O Mperloyskoni epemeine oti ``oi kathgories poy den exoyn tipota na fobhqoyn, opws oi dhmosioi ypallhloi, oi opoioi xairoyn megalyterhs prostasias, den prepei se kamia periptwsh na allajoyn tis agorastikes toys synhqeies kai ton tono zwhs toys''. O megistanas prwqypoyrgos, me emmesh anafora kai sthn epiqesh poy dexqhke apo ton cyxasqenh Masimo Tartalia, eyxhqhke ``oles oi biomhxanies apaisiodojias kai apogohteyshs na stamathsoyn na dhmioyrgoyn ena klima to opoio den gemizei misos kai bia mono thn politikh, alla exei, epishs, arnhtikes epiptwseis sthn katanalwsh kai tis ependyseis''.

    Se sxesh, telos, me ton kratiko proypologismo toy 2010, o epikefalhs ths italikhs kybernhshs ypogrammise: ``Egkriname enan proypologismo 9 dis. eyrw, xwris na baloyme to xeri stis tsepes twn Italwn. Kataferame, malista, na antistaqoyme stis pieseis twn boyleytwn kai geroysiastwn poy prospaqhsan na petyxoyn paroxes gia tis pelateiakes sxeseis toys''.


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