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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 09-12-31

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Idia strathgikh gia thn oikonomia"
  • [02] "Na fanei h alhqeia"
  • [03] Nekros apo sfaira sto kefali o dhmarxos Paggaioy
  • [04] Profylakisteos o "pistolero" me to tzip
  • [05] Apanthsh ths CIA stis kathgories
  • [06] Agrio egklhma sto Mpoyrnazi
  • [07] Hmerhsia atzenta: 31/12/2009
  • [08] Eqima kai paradoseis ths Prwtoxronias sta Balkania
  • [09] "Ejapatoyn to lao"
  • [10] "Na problhmatistoyn"
  • [11] "Forologikh epidromh"
  • [12] "Efyge" o N. Kakaoynakhs
  • [13] Perikopes dapanwn
  • [14] Anoijan ta arxeia

    [01] "Idia strathgikh gia thn oikonomia"

    To prwi qa calloyn ta kalanta ths Prwtoxronias ston Prwqypoyrgo, Giwrgo A. Papandreoy, omada maqhtwn toy Diapolitismikoy Gymnasioy Axarnwn kai to moysikoxoreytiko tmhma ths Panellhnias Omospondias Krhtikwn Swmateiwn.

    "Den qa allajei h strathgikh gia thn oikonomia kai qa proxwrhsoyme me bash osa exoyme anakoinwsei", dhlwse o G. Papandreoy, sth diarkeia synanthshs poy eixe thn Trith, sto Megaro Majimoy, me toys dhmosiografoys poy kalyptoyn to kybernhtiko reportaz.

    O prwqypoyrgos anefere epishs oti den fobatai aporrich toy programmatos staqerothtas kai anaptyjhs, to opoio qa ypobalei h kybernhsh ton Ianoyario sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh kai shmeiwse oti to ellhniko oikonomiko problhma einai diaforetiko apo ekeino twn allwn xwrwn. Wstoso, ejefrase thn aisiodojia toy oti h kybernhsh qa petyxei sthn prospaqeia ths.

    O k. Papandreoy tonise oti to problhma ths Elladas ofeiletai kyriws sthn kataspatalhsh twn porwn oi opoioi den kateyqynqhkan pros thn anaptyjh, alla se programmata, opws ta stage kai sth diafqora.

    Anaferqhke kai stis trapezes kai tonise oti paroti exoyn xrhmatodothqei den dioxeteysan ta xrhmata sthn pragmatikh oikonomia, alla protimhsan na kleisoyn kapoies dikes toys trypes kai na xrhmatodothsoyn poly sygkekrimenes etairies.

    Tonise akomh oti o plhqwrismos den einai problhma gia thn Ellada, enw se erwthsh an yparxei periptwsh ayjhshs toy FPA apanthse oti den toy exei ginei kamia tetoia eishghsh apo to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn.

    Ejalloy se erwthsh gia to an qa dexotan th diejagwgh mias apografhs, apo koinoy me th ND, o G. Papandreoy apanthse oti qa skeftotan mia tetoia protash, enw xarakthrise sympaqhtikh thn antiparaqesh me ton arxhgo ths ND A.Samara sthn Boylh gia ton proypologismo.

    Epishs, o k. Papandreoy apantwntas se erwthsh gia to ycos twn telwn kykloforias edeije na anagnwrizei oti yparxei problhma kai anefere oti symfwna me osa plhroforhqhke apo to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn ejetazontai allages gia ta telh kykloforias toy epomenoy etoys.

    O G. Papandreoy apanthse se polles erwthseis gia thn kaqysterhsh sthn topoqethsh genikwn grammatewn sta ypoyrgeia kai tonise oti einai protimotero na perimenoyme akoma ki enan xrono gia na ginoyn kapoies allages sth xwra, oi opoies den exoyn ginei ta teleytaia 200 xronia.

    Epishs, sxetika me thn diglwssia poy katalogizetai sthn kybernhsh, o k. Papandreoy tonise oti o idios qelei th diatypwsh diaforetikwn apocewn, jekaqarizontas, omws, pws otan lambanetai mia apofash ayth einai poy isxyei.

    Emmesws eperrice kapoies eyqynes kai ston Typo gia to qema ayto, tonizontas oti ean kapoios milhsei me treis ypallhloys enos ypoyrgeioy kai sth synexeia gracei oti h kybernhsh skeftetai na kanei ayta, tote den qa yparxei aplws diglwssia alla polyglwssia. "Prepei", prosqese, "na apoenoxopoihqoyn oi syzhthseis".

    Epishs, tonise oti apo ajiologhsh qa pernoyn oloi, akomh kai oi ypoyrgoi.

    Sxetika me ton eklogiko nomo kai tis diafwnies poy diatypwnontai, o k. Papandreoy tonise oti einai proqymos na syzhthsei kaqe pleyra toy qematos kai jekaqarise oti oi epomenes aytodioikhtikes kai perifereiakes ekloges qa ginoyn me ton neo eklogiko nomo kai ton "Kappodistria 2".

    Epishs, erwthqeis gia tis diafwnies toy neoy arxhgoy ths ND gia ton eklogiko nomo, o prwqypoyrgos apanthse oti h entypwsh toy einai pws o k. Samaras den eipe akribws oxi ston eklogiko nomo, alla skeptetai mia parallagh toy systhmatos.

    Ayto poy exei shmasia, pantws, tonise o k. Papandreoy, einai oti oloi symfwnoyn pws to shmerino systhma pasxei kai paragei mayro politiko xrhma.

    Se erwthsh ej alloy an ta mikra kommata qa einai ta xamena an isxysei to germaniko montelo, o k. Papandreoy apanthse oti ayto den einai swsto kai oti an ta mikra kommata xasoyn kapoies edres stis monoedrikes, qa tis kerdisoyn - kai isws kai perissoteres- stis perifereies.

    Gia to qema twn metanastwn, o prwqypoyrgos yperamynqhke twn ryqmisewn poy prowqei to Ypoyrgeio twn Eswterikwn kai se erwthsh an etsi alloiwnetai to eklogiko swma, apanthse oti to eklogiko swma den alloiwnetai, apla allazei kai oti, se kaqe periptwsh, ola ta kommata exoyn th dynatothta, epi isois orois, na diekdikhsoyn thn chfo olwn twn Ellhnwn.

    Erwthqeis gia th stash ths ND sth systash ejetatistikhs epitrophs gia to Batopaidi, o prwqypoyrgos apanthse oti den gnwrize to qema, alla, se kaqe periptwsh, eipe oti h ND prepei na apofasisei ean yioqetei osa synebhsan sto parelqon kai apo o,ti deixnei mexri stigmhs ta yioqetei.

    Leei oti kanei aytokritikh, alla sthn oysia den to kanei. "H ND prepei na brei thn taytothta ths kai na allajei polla pragmata", eipe.

    [02] "Na fanei h alhqeia"

    Episkech sto anarrwthrio Pentelhs qa pragmatopoihsei stis 12 to meshmeri o proedros ths Neas Dhmokratias Antwnhs Samaras.

    "H ND qa einai paroysa me toys boyleytes ths se oles tis ejetastikes epitropes adiakritws", dhlwse o ekproswpos ths ND Panos Panagiwtopoylos. "H ND qelei diafaneia pantoy, den exoyme na fobhqoyme thn alhqeia kai thn pragmatikothta, qeloyme na fanei h alhqeia se oles tis ypoqeseis", prosqese.

    Sth dhlwsh toy anaferei akomh oti h ND qelei afenos na diereynhqei h alhqeia kai afeteroy na apokroysei th "diafainomenh proqesh toy prwqypoyrgoy na xrhsimopoihsei thn olh diadikasia twn ejetastikwn gia na apoprosanatolisei thn koinh gnwmh apo thn kraygalea adynamia ths kybernhshs toys na kybernhsei kai na parajei oysiastiko ergo".

    O k. Panagiwtopoylos dieykrinizei oti eidika gia thn ypoqesh toy Batopedioy isxyei h genikh qesh ths ND na diereynhqoyn ta panta kai oti h ND den fobatai thn alhqeia, wstoso shmeiwnei oti yparxei "asteriskos" gia thn ypoqesh toy Batopedioy, epeidh eixe systaqei ejetastikh epitroph ths Boylhs sto parelqon sthn opoia eixan symmetasxei ola ta politika kommata kai eixe bgei me nomimo tropo porisma poy eixe ginei dekto apo thn pleiochfia toy ellhnikoy koinoboylioy.

    Synexizontas, leei oti an to PASOK exei na syneisferei sthn ypoqesh toy Batopedioy me kainoyrgia stoixeia, tote h ND qa einai paroysa gia na symbalei apofasistika sth diereynhsh toy qematos kai sthn apokalych ths alhqeias.

    Ejalloy, xqes o Antwnhs Samaras anakoinwse th systash mias neas grammateias, ths Grammateias Sxesewn Koinwnias-Kommatos, poy stoxo qa exei th dhmioyrgia enos politikoy organismoy me anoixtes portes sthn koinwnia.

    Sth qesh toy Grammatea topoqethqhke o dikhgoros Dionyshs Karaxalios me Anaplhrwth Grammatea ton Dhmhtrh Kanellopoylo.

    ``Prin analabw kaqhkonta Proedroy ths Neas Dhmokratias yposxeqhka "ena komma me anoiktes tis portes sthn koinwnia", dhlwse o k. Samaras. Ayth thn yposxesh-desmeysh pros toys Ellhnes polites ylopoioyme me th sygkrothsh ths Grammateias. Den qa anoijoyme mono tis portes mas, gia na mas plhsiasoyn oi polites. Qa bgoyme kai emeis apo ta grafeia mas gia na pame konta sthn koinwnia. Stoxos mas qa einai "o sfygmos ths koinwnias na xtypa stis flebes toy kommatos kai ths hgesias toy". Oi sxeseis Koinwnias-Kommatos qa einai h krisimh dokimasia, poy qa sfragisei th nea sxesh empistosynhs toy kommatos mas, oxi mono me toys 800.000 polites poy mas chfisan, alla me to synolo ths Ellhnikhs koinwnias, gia na arxisei swsta kai na oloklhrwqei epityxhmena h anagennhsh ths Neas Dhmokratias'' dhlwse o k. Samaras.

    [03] Nekros apo sfaira sto kefali o dhmarxos Paggaioy

    Nekros apo sfaira poy dexqhke sto kefali breqhke to brady ths Tetarths sto aytokinhto toy o dhmarxos Paggaioy Triantafyllos Koykoydhs, se apomakrysmenh paraqalassia perioxh (Sarakhna) toy Dhmoy Eleyqerwn dytika ths Kabalas.

    Ta ixnh toy 50xronoy dhmarxoy eixan xaqei apo to apogeyma ths Kyriakhs opote kai efyge apo to spiti toy sto Palho Kabalas me to idiwtikhs xrhshs epibatiko aytokinhto toy prokeimenoy na synanthqei se programmatismeno ranteboy poy eixe sth Nea Peramo toy Dhmoy Eleyqerwn. Ektote, den edwse kanena shmeio zwhs kai o adelfos toy dhlwse thn ejafanish toy to meshmeri ths Triths sto Tmhma Asfaleias ths Astynomikhs Dieyqynshs Kabalas.

    To teleytaio 24wro h Astynomikh Dieyqynsh Kabalas eiste organwsei gigantia epixeirhsh entopismoy toy dhmarxoy ereynwntas spiqamh pros spiqamh thn oreinh kai pedinh perioxh twn dhmwn Eleyqerwn kai Orfanoy dytika ths Kabalas.

    [04] Profylakisteos o "pistolero" me to tzip

    Profylakisteos kriqhke meta thn apologia toy enwpion ths 16hs Taktikhs Anakritrias o 31xronos odhgos taji poy kathgoreitai gia pyrobolismoys se baros politwn mesa apo skoyroy xrwmatos tzip poy odhgoyse.

    O kathgoroymenos antimetwpizei kathgories se baqmo kakoyrghmatos gia apopeira anqrwpoktonias kata syrroh kai parabaseis toy nomoy peri oplwn kai symfwna me toys synhgoroys toy k.k. N. Kanatakh kai G. Anagnwstakh "den einai kan se qesh na yperaspistei ton eayto toy".

    Oi synhgoroi toy 31xronoy ypebalan sthn anakritria aithmata gia th dienergeia cyxiatrikhs pragmatognwmosynhs, alla kai gia krathsh kai noshleia toy se cyxiatriko idryma, aithmata gia ta opoia, symfwna me toys dikhgoroys, h dikastikh leitoyrgos qa apofanqei tis epomenes hmeres.

    Enwpion ths anakritrias kateqese o cyxiatros k. M. Mylwnakhs, kaqws epi dyo xronia o 31xronos htan qerapeyomenos toy.

    [05] Apanthsh ths CIA stis kathgories

    H CIA antekroyse tis kathgories, oti den dhmosieyse eparkws tis plhrofories poy dieqete sxetika me ton Nighriano, o opoios prospaqhse na anatinajei ena amerikaniko epibathgo aeroskafos thn hmera twn Xristoygennwn, metadidoyn ta amerikanika mesa enhmerwshs.

    ``Sthn katoxh mas hlqan plhrofories gia ton Oymar Faroyk Ampntoylmoytalamp to Noembrio, otan o pateras toy metebh sthn presbeia twn HPA sth Nighria'' kai katopin ``synergasthkame me thn presbeia gia na ejasfalisoyme pws ekeinos briskotan sth kybernhtikh bash dedomenwn gia ta proswpa poy endexetai na eixan sxesh me thn tromokratia kai oti yphrxan eparkh stoixeia gia tis sxeseis toy me ejtremistes sthn Yemenh'', tonise o ekproswpos ths CIA Pol Tzimiliano.

    ``Epishs aposteilame basikes plhrofories gia to biografiko toy sto Eqniko Kentro Antitromokratias (NCTC)'', thn kybernhtikh yphresia poy syntonizei tis drasthriothtes twn amerikanikwn mystikwn yphresiwn, tonise o idios.

    Allo stelexos ths amerikanikhs antikataskopias tonise pws oi synomilies me ton patera toy drasth den emperieixan ekeino to ``basiko stoixeio'', poy qa epetrepe na katatassotan ton Ampntoylmoytalamp ston katalogo me ta peripoy 4.000 proswpa, poy apagoreyetai dia ropaloy na tajideysoyn aeroporikws pros tis HPA.

    [06] Agrio egklhma sto Mpoyrnazi

    Se proswpikes diafores apodidei h Astynomia to agrio egklhma me qyma ton Nektario Katsoylwto, synidiokthth tabernas, sthn odo Teyqidos 5, sto Mpoyrnazi, poy egine ligo prin tis 7 to apogeyma ths Tetarths.

    To qyma kaqotan se trapezi toy katasthmatos toy, to opoio exei thn epwnymia ``Kreas mpar'', mazi me enan filo toy otan agnwstos mphke sto katasthma plhsiase kai ton pyrobolhse en cyxrw epta fores.

    Eji apo tis sfaires ton brhkan sto swma me apotelesma na traymatisqei qanasima.

    O drasths amesws meta traphke se fygh kai ejafanisthke.

    Ereynes gia thn ypoqesh dienergei h Asfaleia Attikhs.

    [07] Hmerhsia atzenta: 31/12/2009

  • O Syndesmos Pontiakwn Swmateiwn Notias Elladas kai Nhswn qa callei ta kalanta ths Prwtoxronias sthn GG ths KE toy KKE Aleka Paparhga stis 9 to prwi sthn edra ths KE toy Kommatos.

  • Ta prwtoxroniatika kalanta qa callei ston Proedro toy LA.O.S, k. Giwrgo Karatzaferh sta grafeia toy Kommatos (Kallirrohs 52) stis 10:45 to prwi h Panhpeirwtikh Synomospondia Ellados kai stis 11:15 h Pampontiakh Omospondia.

  • Ston Prwqypoyrgo, Giwrgo A. Papandreoy, qa calloyn ta kalanta ths Prwtoxronias, omada maqhtwn toy Diapolitismikoy Gymnasioy Axarnwn kai stis 12:00, to moysikoxoreytiko tmhma ths Panellhnias Omospondias Krhtikwn Swmateiwn (11:00:00, Aqhna/Majimoy).

  • Episkech A. Samara sto anarrwthrio Pentelhs (12:00:00, Terma Ippokratoys -Palia Pentelh).

  • Prwtoxroniatikh ekdhlwsh twn Enoplwn Dynamewn (22:00:00, LAED).

    [08] Eqima kai paradoseis ths Prwtoxronias sta Balkania

    H Prwtoxronia symbolizei thn anagennhsh, thn arxh enos neoy kykloy zwhs kai ta eqima poy syndeontai me thn hmera ayth, se polles apo tis xwres twn Balkaniwn exoyn rizes sto makrino parelqon.

    H Prwtoxronia giortazetai stis megales poleis twn Balkaniwn me ypaiqries ekdhlwseis, synaylies, pyrotexnhmata, antallagh dwrwn, alla kai xrwma paradosiako, kyriws stis agrotikes perioxes.

    Roymania

    O eortasmos ths Prwtoxronias sth Roymania exei entono paradosiako arwma. Oi Roymanoi ypodexontai to Neo Etos me th diathrhsh diaforwn eqimwn, ta opoia metadidoyn stis mellontikes genies. Oi perissoteres apo tis paradoseis syndeontai me thn kalh tyxh kai thn eyhmeria, me aformh thn eleysh ths neas xronias .

    Sth Roymania, thn Prwtoxronia ta paidia synqetoyn th "Sorkoba", ena mpoyketo apo kladi, to opoio stolizetai me xrwmatista xartina loyloydia, gia na eyxhqoyn eytyxia to neo etos, enw aggizoyn m' ayto toys enhlikes, gia na exoyn ygeia kai makrohmereysh.

    Paradosiaka, to mpoyketo "Sorkoba" ftiaxnotan apo ena h perissotera kladia opwroforwn dendrwn (ena apo mhlia, ena apo kerasia, ena apo axladia kai ena apo damaskhnia), ta opoia topoqetoyntan se zesto meros stis 30 Noembrioy, toy Agioy Andrea, wste na bgaloyn mpoympoykia kai na anqisoyn ews thn Prwtoxronia.

    Sta paidia prosferontai ws antallagma gia tis eyxes kerasmata, keik, mpiskota, glyka kai xrhmata.

    To prwi ths prwths hmeras toy Neoy Etoys, orismenes orqodojes oikogeneies petoyn kermata sto nero, kaqws etsi pisteyoyn pws qa exoyn kalotyxia olh th xronia.

    Ta mesanyxta ths 31hs Dekembrioy, oi agrotes kanoyn prognwsh kairoy ths xronias poy erxetai, xrhsimopoiwntas megales floydes kremmydioy. Jefloydizoyn ta kremmydia akoloyqwntas th seira twn mhnwn enos etoys kai bazoyn alati se kaqe floyda. Thn Prwtoxronia, ena atomo me ikanothtes sth magikh texnh kai th manteia elegxei to epipedo ygrasias sto alati, poy exei liwsei panw stis floydes toy kremmydioy kai etsi legetai pws mporei na maqei tis klimatikes synqhkes poy qa epikrathsoyn th nea xronia.

    Ena allo eqimo einai to "Bergkel" poy afora apokleistika anypandroys nearoys anqrwpoys kai toys goneis toys. Ekeinos poy akoloyqei to eqimo qelei na maqei ti toy epifylassei to mellon kai ti eidoys syntrofo qa synanthsei th nea xronia.

    Symfwna me ena allo eqimo, h nea xronia qa einai hlioloysth kai qa ferei ploysia sodeia sthn oikogeneia, an thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias mexri ta jhmerwmata meinei mia lampa anoikth gia na fwtizei.

    To "Ploygkoysoroyl" - mikro aletri, einai mia paradosiakh pomph, eqimo poy syndeetai me to orgwma kai th spora twn xwrafiwn. Efhboi kai paidia phgainoyn apo spiti se spiti kratwntas sta xeria koydoynia, mastigia kai ayloys kanoyn qorybo gia na diwjoyn ta kaka pneymata tragoydoyn kai eyxontai kalh sodeia.

    Thn Prwtoxronia anabiwnoyn, epishs, eqima kai drwmena poy syndeontai me th latreia toy Hlioy, opws to paixnidi ths arkoydas kai to paixnidi me tis maskes, ta opoia syndyazoyn moysikh kai xoro.

    Boylgaria

    Ena eqimo ths proparamonhs ths Prwtoxronias, poy threitai sth dytikh Boylgaria kai sthn kentrikh oroseira toy Aimoy, opws kai se orismenes perioxes sto Doynabh, einai to "Lantoybane". To eqimo syndeetai me thn anypomonhsia twn nearwn koritsiwn na pantreytoyn kai na apokthsoyn mia eytyxismenh oikogeneia. Sthn ypoloiph xwra to "Lantoybane" giortazetai stis 24 Ioynioy, sth giorth toy Agioy Iwannh.

    Oi proetoimasies arxizoyn nwris to prwi. Ola ta koritsia toy xwrioy petoyn ta daxtylidia toys, brwmh kai kriqari - ta symbola gonimothtas- se ena kazani gemato nero apo kapoia phgh. Ola ta daxtylidia einai demena me kokkinh klwsth se mia desmh polyetwn fytwn, kisso, gerani h basiliko. To kazani menei anoixto th nyxta, ypo to fws twn astrwn kai to epomeno prwi, oi kopeles xoreyoyn gyrw apo to kazani. Sth synexeia, kapoia apo tis hlikiwmenes gynaikes toy xwrioy toys leei th moira toys.

    Sth Boylgaria, oi kampanes xtypoyn xarmosyna kai anhmera ths Prwtoxronias. Sto prwtoxroniatiko trapezi kyriarxh qesh katexei h "mpanitsa", ena eidos pitas me tyri.

    Thn prwth mera toy neoy etoys, ta paidia episkeptontai ta geitonika spitia kratwntas "soyrbatska", kladi apo krania, stolismenh me mallinh klwsth se entono xrwma kai mikra nomismata. Ta paidia, symmetexontas sto eqimo, "soyrbakane", eyxontai sta melh ths oikogeneias poy episkeptontai, ygeia kai eytyxia olo to xrono.

    Ena entypwsiako paradosiako teletoyrgiko ths Prwtoxronias einai to Kukeri (Koykeri), to opoio exei qrakikes rizes.

    Me stoles apo akatergasta dermata kai foberes jylines maskes, oi Koykeri gyrizoyn olo to xwrio kai xoreyoyn gia na fobisoyn kai na diwjoyn ta kaka pneymata. Stis zwnes toys kremontai polyariqma xalkina koydoynia se diafora megeqh ta opoia paragoyn dynatoys hxoys, wste na fygei to kako kai h arrwstia.

    Sto eqimo symmetexoyn apokleistika andres, oi opoioi episkeptontai ta spitia toy xwrioy mono th nyxta, wste to fws ths hmeras na mhn toys brei sto dromo.

    Thn Hmera ths Prwtoxronias synhqizontai oi episkeceis se syggeneis kai filoys kai h antapodosh eyxwn gia to Neo Etos.

    Slobenia

    Se orismena merh ths Mpela Kraina, to neo etos arxize me th "noboletnitsa", ena karbeli leykoy cwmioy poy topoqeteito sto trapezi dipla sto xrystocwmo. O kaqe enas eprepe na parei monon ena mikro kommati toy cwmioy.

    Se alles perioxes, opws sthn Karinqia, thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn prepei na yparxoyn sto trapezi tria tetoia karbelia cwmioy, se sxhma trigwnoy mprosta apo ton Estayrwmeno kai dipla se keri. To prwto karbeli trwgetai ta Xristoygenna to deytero thn Prwtoxronia kai to trito thn Hmera twn Qeofaniwn.

    Sthn eparxia Gkorenisko, pisteyetai mexri shmera oti thn hmera ths Prwtoxronias o agroths prepei panta o idios na eiserxetai prwtos sto stablo toy, kaqws se antiqeth periptwsh den qa einai kalh h nea xronia gia to agrokthma.

    Se diafora merh ths Slobenias oi katoikoi throyn to eqimo ths molybdomanteias, dhladh petoyn stis 11 to brady ths paramonhs ths Prwtoxronias liwmeno molybdo sto nero kai na prospaqoyn na mantecoyn th morfh poy sxhmatizetai.

    Sth Slobenia, ta kalanta ths paramonhs ths Prwtoxronias symperilambanoyn kai to "Tepezkanje" - Agiwn Nhpiwn. Einai h monh mera toy etoys poy ta paidia mporoyn na xtyphsoyn enhlikes xwris na timwrhqoyn. To eqimo syndeetai me thn 28h Dekembrioy Hmera mnhmhs Twn ypo toy Hrwdh anaireqentwn nhpiwn.

    H metabash apo to palio sto neo etos einai periodos, kata thn opoia oi anqrwpoi antallassoyn eyxes kai gi ayto ta paidia gyrizoyn apo spiti se spiti, lene ta kalanta, eyxontai ygeia kai eytyxia.

    Kroatia

    Sthn Kroatia, sto nhsi Krk, me ploysia mesaiwnikh paradosh kai eqima ypodexontai to Neo Etos me to Festibal Ippotwn poy diorganwnetai apo tis 26 Dekembrioy ews thn Prwtoxronia.

    Thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias oi katoikoi toy nhsioy Kortsoyli panw apo to ploysio trapezi tragoydoyn ta kalanta.

    Paliotera synhqizan na tragoydoyn "kantsoneta" sthn kentrikh plateia toy Agioy Ioystinoy kai me kwmiko tropo na epikrinoyn ta arnhtika toy xronoy poy perase.

    Sthn Kroatia paliotera epikratoyse h apoch oti ta dwra eferne o mikros Ihsoys kai stis boreies perioxes ton apokaloysan Isoysek, enw sta hpeirwtika ths xwras, sth Slabonia, th Mparania kai to Srem xrhsimopoioysan th germanikh lejh ``Kristkintl''.

    Serbia kai Mayroboynio

    Sth Serbia, opws kai sto Mayroboynio h Prwtoxronia giortazetai metajy 13 kai 14 Ianoyarioy symfwna me to Ioyliano Hmerologio.

    H Serbikh Orqodojh Ekklhsia ejakoloyqei na threi to Ioyliano hmerologio, to opoio prosferei stoys Serboys thn eykairia na eortazoyn thn Prwtoxronia dyo fores: mia mazi me ton ypoloipo kosmo stis 31 Dekembrioy kai mia stis 13 Ianoyarioy.

    Mexri ton B' Pagkosmio Polemo, oi Serboi giortazan ta Xristoygenna stis 7 Ianoyarioy H giorths ths Prwtoxronias htan stis 14 Ianoyarioy, symfwna me to Palio h Ioyliano hmerologio kai legetai alliws thn Hmera toy Agioy Basileioy h Mikra Xristoygenna. Kata thn kommoynistikh periodo h Prwtoxronia den giortazotan symfwna me thn ekklhsia stis 14 Ianoyarioy, alla thn 1h Ianoyarioy.

    mexri ton B' Pagkosmio Polemo, oi Serboi giortazan ta Xristoygenna stis 7 Ianoyarioy, kai thn Prwtoxronia stis 14 Ianoyarioy, symfwna, pali, me to palio hmerologio h ton legomeno Agio Basileio h Mikra Xristoygenna.

    Ta paradosiaka serbika eqima ths Prwtoxronias syndyazontai me ta dytika. Gia paradeigma, oi Serboi stolizoyn xristoygenniatika dendra, alla thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias oxi twn Xristoygennwn.

    Thn Prwtoxronia h ta Mikra Xristoygenna, se polla merh ths Serbias, epanalambanontai xristoygenniatika eqima. Kata paradosh kaigetai sto tzaki to koytsoyro twn Xristoygennwn "mpantniak", jylo belanidias. Me xara anamenetai sto spiti ekeinos poy qa kanei podariko, poy qa mpei prwtos sto spiti me to deji podi (polazainik h polaznik) gia na ferei kalotyxia. Se polles perioxes o prwtos episkepths toy spitioy th nea xronia fernei kai to mpantniak gia na to kacei sth fwtia.

    O Pappoys Pagos

    Sthn koyltoyra twn Slabwn xarakthras paromoios toy Santa Klaoys h toy Agioy Basilh, syndedemenos me thn Prwtoxronia kai ta dwra einai o Pappoys Pagos, o opoios sth serbikh legetai Ntenta Mraz, sth rwsikh Ntent Moroz, sthn kroatikh Ntient Mraz, sth bosniakh Ntento Mraz kai sth slobenikh Ntentek Mraz.

    O Pappoys Pagos fernei ta dwra sta paidia, alla oxi me mystikoys tropoys, kaqws syxna ta moirazei o idios sth diarkeia twn eortastikwn ekdhlwsewn ths Prwtoxronias.

    O Ntenta Mraz exei paromoia emfanish me ton Agio Basilh. Meta th diaspash ths Gioygkoslabias o Ntenta Mraz syndeqhke me thn kommoynistikh periodo kai stadiaka stis xwres ths prwhn Gioygkoslabias arxise na pairnei th qesh toy o Ntient Mpozitsniak, o Pappoys twn Xristoygennwn, o opoios fernei ta dwra ta Xristoygenna. Wstoso se polles oikogeneies o Ntenta Mraz ejakoloyqei na fernei ta dwra thn Prwtoxronia.

    Sth Boylgaria, ta dwra fernei o Ntanto Kolenta, Pappoys twn Xristoygennwn, sth Roymania o Moz Kratsioym kai sthn Albania o Mpampantimri, o Pateras Xeimwnas.

    [09] "Ejapatoyn to lao"

    O Syndesmos Pontiakwn Swmateiwn Notias Elladas kai Nhswn qa callei ta kalanta ths Prwtoxronias sthn GG ths KE toy KKE Aleka Paparhga stis 9 to prwi sthn edra ths KE toy Kommatos.

    "H kybernhsh epixeirei kai pali na ejapathsei to lao", tonizei se anakoinwsh toy to KKE sxoliazontas tis ejaggelies ths kybernhshs gia ta telh kykloforias. "Prin ena mhna, enw ayjane ta telh kykloforias, isxyrizotan oti ta meiwne. To idio epixeirei kai twra ejaggellontas oti qa epanejetasei ta isxyonta gia ta telh forologwntas anti ths katoxhs kyriws th xrhsh toy aytokinhtoy. H alhqeia einai oti h laikh oikogeneia forologeitai hdh baria kai gia thn katoxh kai gia thn xrhsh toy plhrwnontas ychlotath forologia sta kaysima, olo kai perissotera diodia, megalytera asfalistra", katalhgei h anakoinwsh.

    [10] "Na problhmatistoyn"

    Ta prwtoxroniatika kalanta qa callei ston Proedro toy LA.O.S, k. Giwrgo Karatzaferh to prwi sta grafeia toy Kommatos h Panhpeirwtikh Synomospondia Ellados kai h Pampontiakh Omospondia.

    ``Apo th stigmh poy einai diaxyth h diapistwsh oti eimaste h pio ftwxh kai synama h pio akribh xwra ths Eyrwzwnhs, tote kapoioi qa prepei na problhmatistoyn kai na mhn diasyrontai me politikes, opws ayth poy efarmosthke gia ta telh kykloforias'', tonise o ekproswpos toy LA.O.S. k. K. Aibaliwths.

    Oson afora tis dhlwseis toy k. Pagkaloy gia thn katastash ths oikonomias, o k. Aibaliwths dhlwse: ``O k. Pagkalos dhlwnontas oti ta pragmata sthn oikonomia den einai kai toso asxhma, profanws jerei kati perissotero apo ton k. Papandreoy. H oysia einai oti qa pame xeirotera me ta lanqasmena metra poy yioqetei to PASOK''.

    [11] "Forologikh epidromh"

    ``H syzhthsh gia to forologiko nomosxedio poy exei anoijei h kybernhsh, den einai tipota allo para h proetoimasia edafoys gia mia prwtofanh forologikh epidromh se baros twn laikwn eisodhmatwn. Strathgikh ths kybernhshs einai, mesa apo th meiwsh misqwn kai th forologikh afaimajh, na pesei ta epomena xronia to biotiko epipedo twn mikromesaiwn kai mesaiwn strwmatwn ths koinwnias mas kata 20%-25%", dhlwse o Panagiwths Lafazanhs, koinoboyleytikos ekproswpos toy SYRIZA, ypeyqynos Oikonomikhs kai Koinwnikhs Politikhs toy SYN anaferomenos sth syzhthsh gia to forologiko nomosxedio.

    "H xwra, gia na parakamcei ta adiejoda, xreiazetai mia megalh anatroph prokeimenoy na fygei apo mia aforhth dhmosionomikh tromoysteria kai na proxwrhsei se neoys megaloys proodeytikoys stoxoys anaptyjhs, paragwgikhs anazwogonhshs, koinwnikhs dikaiosynhs kai prostasias toy periballontos", ypogrammise o k. Lafazanhs.

    [12] "Efyge" o N. Kakaoynakhs

    Meta apo polyhmerh noshleia kai allepallhles epembaseis apebiwse stis 10.15 to brady ths Tetarths o gnwstos dhmosiografos Nikos Kakaoynakhs.

    Tis teleytaies meres noshleyotan sthn entatikh logw epiplokwn poy shmeiwqhkan se epembash sto entero.

    Dhlwsh toy prwqypoyrgoy

    Ta syllyphthria toy sthn oikogeneia toy N. Kakaoynakh ejefrase o Prwqypoyrgos, Giwrgos A. Papandreoy, me thn akoloyqh dhlwsh:

    ``O Nikos Kakaoynakhs egrace th dikh toy proswpikh istoria sthn dhmosiografia, ston Typo, sto radiofwno, sthn thleorash. Htan enas xarismatikos anqrwpos kai ekproswpos mias genias dhmosiografwn poy taytisthkan me to reportaz kai thn ereyna. Den epace pote na agwnizetai gia ayta poy pisteye. Kai oi agwnes toy gia th Dhmokratikh Paratajh ton katesthsan pronomiako synomilhth me toys aploys kaqhmerinoys synanqrwpoys mas, poy epizhtoysan na akoystei h fwnh toys. Ayto prospaqhse na petyxei kai me to dhmioyrghma toy, ``To Karfi'', gia to opoio htan perhfanos. Eixe apoch kai thn elege panta xwris fobo. Sthn oikogeneia toy ekfrazw ta eilikrinh moy syllyphthria''.

    To biografiko toy Nikoy Kakaoynakh

    O Nikos Kakaoynakhs gennhqhke ton Ioynio toy 1938 sthn Polyrrhneia Kastelioy Xaniwn.

    Orfanos apo patera, spoydase sto ekklhsiastiko lykeio. Sth synexeia ergasthke sto politiko grafeio toy boyleyth Xaniwn kai ypoyrgoy ths Enwshs Kentroy Polyxronh Polyxronidh. Merika xronia argotera gnwristhke me ton ekdoth Xrhsto Lamprakh, o opoios toy proteine na ergastei sto ``Bhma'' ap' opoy ekane ta prwta toy bhmata sthn dhmosiografia to 1965. Symmeteixe ston antidiktatoriko agwna energa alla kai me thn dhmosiografikh toy pena.

    Meta thn xoynta dhmosiografei sta NEA opoy analambanei epitelikes qeseis. Sto diasthma ayto grafei to biblio ``2.650 meronyxta synomwsias''.

    To 1986 apofasizei na ekdwsei th dikh toy efhmerida ``To kalami''.

    Me thn ekrhjh ths idiwtikhs radiofwnias analambanei thn prwinh zwnh toy radiofwnikoy staqmoy SKAI 100,4, h opoia apotelei thn aparxh ths paroysias toy sta ertziana.

    Parallhla asxoleitai me thn thleorash SKAI TV analambanontas argotera kai th genikh dieyqynsh toy staqmoy.

    Ergasthke epishs sto radiofwniko staqmo FLASH gia polla xronia kai stoys thleoptikoys staqmoys Alter, Mega kai Alpha.

    To 1999 ejedwse thn efhmerida ``Sto Karfi''.

    [13] Perikopes dapanwn

    Synanthsh me to dioikhth ths Trapezhs ths Ellados, G. Probopoylo, eixe o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn, G. Ragkoyshs, me qema syzhthshs thn katastash kai thn poreia ths oikonomias.

    O k. Ragkoyshs, opws dhlwse amesws meta th synanthsh, enhmerwse to dioikhth gia tis allages poy exoyn pragmatopoihqei h proetoimazontai sto kratos, alla kai sthn Aytodioikhsh. Oi allages aytes, eipe o ypoyrgos, exoyn amesh ki apolyth sxesh kai me thn oikonomia kai me th dhmosionomikh krish poy antimetwpizei h xwra, alla kai me th megalh anagkh twn politwn na apolambanoyn kalyteres kai poiotikes yphresies apo to kratos.

    Se erwthsh dhmosiografoy gia to endexomeno perikopwn twn dapanwn, o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn anefere: ``To kratos qa dextei megales perikopes ekei poy pragmati prepei na ginoyn, opws se spatales poy hdh exoyme perikocei. Epishs, qa ginei kai enas genikoteros ejorqologismos poy einai apolytws aparaithtos, gia na mporesei to kratos na sthrijei thn oikonomia s' ayth th dyskolh periodo''.

    Sth synexeia, o k. Probopoylos eipe pws o ypoyrgos ton enhmerwse gia kapoies metarryqmistikes prwtoboylies poy exei hdh parei kai kapoies alles poy qa pragmatopoihqoyn argotera kai tis xarakthrise shmantikes gia thn ejodo ths oikonomias apo ta problhmata.

    [14] Anoijan ta arxeia

    Anoijan xqes gia to koino kai gia toys istorikoys oi empisteytikoi fakeloi toy bretanikoy ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn (Foreign Office) gia etos 1979, opws synhqizetai me th symplhrwsh 30 xronwn. Mesa s' aytoys yparxoyn fakeloi poy anaferontai sthn Ellada kai thn politikh ths, kyriws, katastash, ekeinh th xronikh periodo.

    Mia 14-selidh empisteytikh ekqesh toy ``Forein Ofis'' anaferetai sthn epishmh episkech, sto Londino, toy Ellhna prwqypoyrgoy Kwnstantinoy Karamanlh, gia synomilies me thn omologo toy Margkaret Qatser.

    H episkech ayth pragmatopoihqhke ton Oktwbrio toy 1979. Symfwna me thn empisteytikh anafora, o K. Karamanlhs anelyse sthn prwqypoyrgo toy Hnwmenoy Basileioy tis ellhnikes apoceis gia tis ellhnotoyrkikes sxeseis, to Kypriako kai gia thn epistrofh ths Elladas sto stratiwtiko skelos toy NATO kai zhthse th bretanikh yposthrijh sto qema ths entajhs ths Elladas sthn eyrwpaikh koinothta, ekfrazontas malista thn eyxh to Hnwmeno Basileio na einai h prwth xwra poy qa epikyrwsei thn entajh ths Elladas.

    H Margkaret Qatser diabebaiwse oti h xwra ths qa yposthrijei anepifylakta thn ellhnikh entajh. Stis synomilies toys gia tis dimereis sxeseis, h Margkaret Qatser, opws apokalyptetai sth sxetikh empisteytikh ekqesh toy ``Forein Ofis'', ejefrase ston Ellhna prwqypoyrgo th megalh ths epiqymia, opws bretanikes etairies na exoyn symmetoxh sthn kataskeyh megalwn ergwn sthn Ellada, kai anaferqhke sygkekrimena sthn kataskeyh staqmwn energeias me anqraka kai ston eksygxronismo twn ellhnikwn hlektrikwn sidhrodromwn. H bretanikh pleyra ejefrase epishs to endiaferon na poylhsei sthn Ellada stratiwtika armata typoy "Tsompam".

    O prwqypoyrgos Kwnstantinos Karamanlhs apefyge na desmeyqei gia thn agora polemikoy ylikoy, legontas oti h ellhnikh oikonomia brisketai se dyskolo stadio, enw gia ta dyo erga sta opoia anaferqhke h Margkaret Qatser eipe oti ayta qa ta syzhthsei sthn prosexh episkech toy sto Londino o ypoyrgos Syntonismoy Kwnstantinos Mhtsotakhs.

    Oi dyo prwqypoyrgoi syzhthsan kai thn katastash sta Balkania. O Kwnstantinos Karamanlhs feretai na eipe oti h prwtoboylia toy gia thn anaptyjh eyryterhs synergasias sta Balkania, synanta thn antidrash ths Sobietikhs Enwshs. "H Sobietikh Enwshs fobatai oti h prwtoboylia moy ayth mporei na dwsei megalyterh anejarthsia stis balkanikes xwres", htan h ektimhsh toy K. Karamanlh, symfwna me thn empisteytikh ekqesh toy ``Forein Ofis''.

    Sth syzhthsh gia to Kypriako, o Ellhnas prwqypoyrgos eipe sth Margkaret Qatser oti "gia na lyqei ayto to qema xreiazontai gennaies apofaseis kai kalh diaqesh apo thn pleyra ths Toyrkias. Oi ellhnokyprioi den ejartwntai apo mena, alla oi toyrkokyprioi ejartwntai apo thn Agkyra", eipe o Kwnstantinos Karamanlhs sth Bretanh prwqypoyrgo.


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