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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-01-08

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Programma anasygkrothshs ths oikonomias

    [01] Programma anasygkrothshs ths oikonomias

    Pragmatopoihqhke shmera sto Idryma Andreas Papandreoy (IAP) syzhthsh me qema tis empeiries ylopoihshs oikonomikwn programmatwn se xwres ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs kai toy Organismoy Oikonomikhs Synergasias kai Anaptyjhs (OOSA), syzhthsh sthn opoia meteixe kai o prwqypoyrgos Giwrgos Papandreoy.

    O antiproedros ths kybernhshs Qodwros Pagkalos, meta to telos ths syzhthshs anefere pws meteixan gnwstoi episthmones oi opoioi symmetexoyn kai sth synanthsh ths Symhs. Prokeitai, eipe, gia mia gnwsth omada dieqnwn proswpikothtwn, egnwsmenoy kyroys, politikoy kai episthmonikoy me toys opoioys syzhthsame thn oikonomikh katastash ths xwras kai tis prooptikes anaptyjhs ths ellhnikhs oikonomias me bash kai thn politikh ths Kybernhshs kai th dieqnh katastash opws diamorfwnetai.

    O k. Pagkalos eipe oti ta mhnymata htan qetika sto telos ths syzhthshs, me polles erwthseis kai zwhrh syzhthsh kai ejhghse oti oi perissoteres apoceis ejefrazan "mian entonh empistosynh stis mellontikes dynatothtes ths ellhnikhs oikonomias".

    "To trietes Programma Staqerothtas Anaptyjhs kai Anasygkrothshs qa perilambanei dikaia metra, monimoy xarakthra, gia thn anadiarqrwsh toy kratoys, thn anaqermansh ths oikonomias, th meiwsh toy elleimmatos kai toy dhmosioy xreoys", dhlwse o kybernhtikos ekproswpos Giwrgos Petalwths.

    Tonise de oti h kybernhsh proxwra me synepeia, ypeyqynothta kai akoma grhgoroteroys ryqmoys stis rizikes allages gia tis opoies exei desmeytei.

    O k. Petalwths ektimhse oti "h pragmatikothta einai oti h epomenh trietia qa einai mia trietia anatropwn pros ofelos toy Ellhna polith, me sthrijh twn mikrwn kai mesaiwn eisodhmatwn, poy qa exei amesa apotelesmata toso sthn kaqhmerinothta toy, oso kai eyrytera sthn anaqermansh ths pragmatikhs oikonomias".

    Epipleon, o ekproswpos anakoinwse oti sto plaisio ayto, thn epomenh Kyriakh to apogeyma, qa synelqei to ypoyrgiko symboylio gia na syzhthqei to sxedio nomoy toy ypoyrgeioy Eswterikwn me qema: "Nea arxitektonikh sthn aytodioikhsh kai thn perifereiakh dioikhsh".

    Erwthqeis sxetika, o k. Petalwths dieceyse oti ayto htan kai to antikeimeno ths syskechs poy eixe pragmatopoihqei nwritera sto Megaro Majimoy metajy toy prwqypoyrgoy, synergatwn toy kai ypoyrgwn kai anefere oti, metajy allwn, yphrje enhmerwsh apo ton Proeddro ths Epitrophs Qesmwn kai Diafaneias ths Boylhs M. Papaiwannoy se sxesh me to rolo tis prooptikes kai thn enisxysh toy qesmoy aytoy ths Boylhs.

    Symfwna me ton kybernhtiko ekproswpo, o k. Papaiwannoy enhmerwse gia tis syzhthseis kai tis prwtoboylies poy exoyn ginei, me dedomenh kai th desmeysh toy prwqypoyrgoy gia thn enisxysh toy roloy ths Epitrophs, prokeimenoy na pernane polla megala zhthmata mesa apo mia koinoboyleytikh diadikasia.

    Akoma,o k. Petalwths eipe oti sth syskech syzhthqhkan qemata enisxyshs twn anejarthtwn arxwn kai toy ESR, kaqws epishs kai o neos rolos ths dhmosias thleorashs.

    Opws anefere, o ypoyrgos Politismoy Paylos Geroylanos enhmerwse gia ena neo misqologiko plaisio poy prepei na yparjei sth dhmosia thleorash kai kyriws gia ta problhmata poy anakyptoyn sto metabatiko stadio apo thn analogikh sthn chfiakh thleorash.

    "Den syzhthqhke kaqoloy o eklogikos nomos", tonise o kybernhtikos ekproswpos, apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh.

    Ws "poly epoikodomhtiko" xarakthrise o kybernhtikos ekproswpos to klima poy yphrje sth synanthsh toy eyrwpaikoy klimakioy apoteloymenoy apo stelexh ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs kai ths Eyrwpaikhs Kentrikhs Trapezas me epixeirhsiakoys paragontes toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn. O k. Petalwths tonise oti "den egine elegxos oyte epiqewrhsh, aplws egine mia synergasia twn ypoyrgeiwn me to klimakio".

    Anaferqeis sth synanthsh toy klimakioy me thn ypoyrgo Oikonomias, Antagwnistikothtas kai Naytilias L. Katselh, o k. Petalwths eipe oti h ypoyrgos epeshmane seira prwtoboyliwn me skopo th dioxeteysh reystothtas stis epixeirhseis, th sthrijh ths ependytikhs zhthshs, th beltiwsh ths antagwnistikothtas kai ths ejwstrefeias ths ellhnikhs oikonomias, kaqws epishs kai thn apotelesmatikh prostasia toy katanalwth.

    "To teleytaio xroniko diasthma ginomaste kai emeis koinwnoi diaforwn senariwn ta opoia tis perissoteres fores den exoyn sxesh me thn pragmatikothta. H monh ypeyqynh enhmerwsh einai ayth poy ginetai gia tis proqeseis ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs kai me th nomoqetikh prwtoboylia poy antikatoptrizei kai tis pragmatikes anagkes kai tis proqeseis ths kybernhshs".

    Ayto eipe o kybernhtikos ekproswpos, erwthqeis sxetika me to ean qa yparjoyn neoi foroi h meiwsh twn misqwn kata 7% poy "zhtoyn oi Bryjelles" kai ayjhsh toy FPA.

    "Yparxei ena oloklhrwmeno sxedio poy apotypwnetai kai sto trietes Programma Staqerothtas, Anaptyjhs kai Anasygkrothshs kai sto neo forologiko nomosxedio", prosqese o k. Petalwths gia na synexisei legontas, metajy allwn, oti oi protaseis poy ginontai apo diafores pleyres einai polles, ekeino omws poy metraei einai h apofasistikh boylhsh ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs.

    "Gia to FPA exoyme epanalabei polles fores, kai o idios o prwqypoyrgos, oti den yparxei kamia eishghsh gia ayjhsh toy FPA", tonise.

    Klhqeis na sxoliasei dhmosies dhlwseis boyleytwn me tis opoies emfanizontai na antidroyn "stis opoies skeceis gia eklogiko nomo me to germaniko montelo alla kai sto "sklhro" oikonomiko programma ths kybernhshs", o kybernhtikos ekproswpos eipe, metajy allwn, oti "o kaqe boyleyths ekfrazei mesa apo thn aytonomia toy th dikaiologhmenh agwnia gia thn ejelijh twn pragmatwn sth xwra mas".

    Tonise de o k. Petalwths oti den yparxoyn sklhra metra sthn oikonomia alla dikaia metra poy "polles fores anagkazomaste na ta paroyme logw ths katastashs poy paralabame".

    Sxetika me to qema toy eklogikoy nomoy, o k. Petalwths anefere oti "epeidh yparxoyn diafora senaria, qa perimenoyme na apotypwqei ws protash, kai malista ayto qa ginei poly syntoma apo ton ypoyrgo Eswterikwn, na jekinhsei h diadikasia ths dhmosias diaboyleyshs, opoy o kaqenas qa mporei na pei thn apoch toy kai poly perissotero oi boyleytes".

    Episkech klimakioy ths Komision

    Sto metajy, sto mikroskopio ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs brisketai to programma staqerothtas kai anaptyjhs.

    "To Programma Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs (PSA) einai sthn prajh ena programma anasygkrothshs ths eqnikhs oikonomias", dhlwse o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy sxetika me to PSA, to opoio, ws gnwston, qa ypoblhqei sthn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph sto telos Ianoyarioy kai qa egkriqei apo to Ecofin stis 16 Febroyarioy. O ypoyrgos prosqese oti to PSA parallhla "apotypwnei tis megales allages sta dhmosionomika, sth forologia, ston tropo katartishs toy proypologismoy, alla kai tis genikoteres megales rizikes anatropes poy qa ginoyn sto kratos kai sto paragwgiko protypo ths oikonomias".

    Thn idia wra, ychlobaqmo stelexos toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn aposafhnise oti den yparxei kamia skech oyte eishghsh gia ayjhsh twn syntelestwn FPA, enw to endexomeno ayto den problepetai oyte sto PSA. O idios jekaqarise epishs oti h kybernhsh aporriptei to drastiko pagwma twn misqwn kai thn katarghsh toy 14oy misqoy. Antiqeta, ejetazetai h eishghsh gia thn paroxh kinhtrwn gia ton epanapatrismo kefalaiwn. Parallhla, o idios paragontas anefere oti peran ths apeleyqerwshs twn yphresiwn qa prowqhqei entos toy a' ejamhnoy kai to "anoigma" twn "kleistwn epaggelmatwn".

    Sxetika me th syllogh apodeijewn, to stelexos toy YPOIK xarakthrise "mizerh" th syzhthsh gia ton tropo katagrafhs toys stis forologikes dhlwseis kai "meizona epityxia ths oikonomikhs politikhs" to gegonos oti dhmioyrghqhke paneqniko qema gia thn anagkh na zhtoyntai aytes.

    Shmeiwnetai oti sto PSA qa perilambanontai dyo senaria gia thn poreia twn dhmosionomikwn megeqwn ths xwras, ena basiko kai ena dysmenestero. Me bash to basiko senario, h apoklimakwsh toy dhmosioy xreoys qa arxisei apo to 2012.

    Synanthsh me L. Katselh

    Triwrh synanthsh eixe sto ypoyrgeio Oikonomias Antagwnistikothtas kai Naytilias h ypoyrgos k.Loyka Katselh me ta stelexh ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs kai ta stelexh ths Kentrikhs Eyrwpaikhs Trapezas poy briskontai sthn Aqhna, enocei ths katartishs toy programmatos staqerothtas kai anaptyjhs.

    Opws anaferoyn ychlobaqma stelexh toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomias Antagwnistikothtas kai Naytilias, h syzhthsh twn dyo pleyrwn aforoyse tis ejhs proteraiothtes:

    1. Thn tonwsh twn ependysewn dhmosiwn kai idiwtikwn. Oi koinotikoi paragontes zhthsan stoixeia sxetika me thn politikh ths kybernhshs gia thn paragwgikh anasygkrothsh ths xwras. H ellhnikh pleyra anaferqhke stis metarryqmiseis poy prowqoyntai gia thn idrysh, adeiodothsh kai leitoyrgia twn epixeirhsewn kai th meiwsh ths grafeiokratias sta qemata ayta, poy kostizoyn sto ellhniko dhmosio 7 dis.eyrw ethsiws.

    2. Th reystothta sthn agora dedomenoy oti h ellhnikh pleyra diapistwnei oti oi mikromesaies epixeirhseis den exoyn thn apaitoymenh prosbash ston trapeziko tomea. Epishs oi koinotikoi enhmerwqhkan gia ta dyo sxedia nomoy poy aforoyn th ryqmish twn ofeilwn twn epixeirhsewn kai th ryqmish twn ofeilwn twn yperxrewmenwn noikokyriwn.

    3. Thn epopteia twn agorwn. Syzhthqhke to qema ths timologiakhs antagwnistikothtas, ta ychla epitokia poy despozoyn sthn ellhnikh agora klp.

    Oi koinotikoi paragontes zhthsan thn posotikopoihsh twn apotelesmatwn poy qa exoyn ta metra poy lambanei h kybernhsh. Ejalloy, se erwthseis poy teqhkan sta stelexh toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomias, Antagwnistikothtas kai Emporikhs Naytilias gia thn anaptyjh elegan oti ta metra gia thn paragwgikh anasygkrothsh qa arxizoyn na apodidoyn apo to Maio - Ioynio 2010, h anakamch qa arxisei na diafainetai to b'ejamhno toy 2010 kai anaptyjh qa exoyme to 2011.

    Synanthsh me A. Loberdo

    Synanthsh me ton ypoyrgo Ergasias A. Loberdo kai ton yfypoyrgo G. Koytroymanh eixan oi ypallhloi ths Eyrwpaikhs Kentrikhs Trapezas kai ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs poy pragmatopoioyn toys elegxoys sta oikonomika stoixeia.

    H synanthsh egine se klima syzhthshs kai parathrhshs epi twn sygkekrimenwn stoixeiwn dhladh twn eidikwn ariqmwn, dapanhs pros dapanh gia to synolo twn kondyliwn poy aforoyn to asfalistiko.

    Sta plaisia toy fetinoy proypologismoy to ypoyrgeio Apasxolhshs exei programmatisei perikopes dapanwn ths tajhs twn 2 dis. eyrw kai qa epidiwjei kata thn ylopoihsh toy proypologismoy na ejoikonomhsei akoma 2 dis. me emfash ston periorismo ths spatalhs kyria sto farmako kai stis iatrikes yphresies.

    Kata th syzhthsh me toys koinotikoys ypallhloys yphrje apo thn pleyra toys emfash na prokyptei h ejoikonomhsh kyriws apo th meiwsh twn dapanwn kai oxi mono apo thn ayjhsh twn esodwn.

    H epomenh synanthsh qa pragmatopoihqei sta telh Ianoyarioy, arxes Febroyarioy enw mesa sthn ebdomada qa yparjei synanthsh me analogo periexomeno me ekproswpoys toy Dieqnoys Nomismatikoy Tameioy.

    Kata th syzhthsh den proekypte apo thn pleyra toy ypoyrgeioy Ergasias prooptikh gia meiwsh twn syntajewn afoy, opws ypogrammisthke, sta megalytera tameia ths xwras pososto anw toy 55% twn syntajioyxwn lambanei thn katwterh syntajh. Parola ayta h diadikasia ths parathrhshs qetei piesh gia epitaxynsh twn diadikasiwn syzhthshs twn allagwn sto asfalistiko wste sta telh Flebarh h kybernhsh na einai etoimh na paroysiasei stis sxetikes syzhthseis sygkekrimenoys ariqmoys kai stoixeia gia tis ejoikonomhseis poy qa feroyn oi allages.

    Kata ton k. Loberdo an h kybernhsh katorqwsei na prowqhsei ta metra poy hdh sxediazei qa apofeyxqoyn ta xeirotera sto asfalistiko enw sxetika me tis sxeseis me ta syndikata diamhnyetai oti to sygkroysiako topio den symferei th xwra.

    Dhlwseis k. Benizeloy

    O Ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Amynas k. Eyaggelos Benizelos, apantwntas se erwthseis dhmosiografwn se sxesh me th xqesinh synanthsh yphresiakwn paragontwn toy Ypoyrgeioy Eqnikhs Amynas me to klimakio ths Dieyqynshs ECOFIN ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, dhlwse ta ejhs:

    ``H xqesinh synanthsh sto Ypoyrgeio Eqnikhs Amynas pragmatopoihqhke se yphresiako epipedo, opws akribws eixe zhthqei, kaqws kai h antiproswpeia ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs einai antiproswpeia yphresiakoy epipedoy.

    Kata thn synanthsh, poy diejhxqh se filiko kai dhmioyrgiko klima, idiaiterh emfash doqhke stis diadikasies poy prepei na efarmostoyn wste na diasfalistei h apotelesmatikh ektelesh toy chfismenoy kratikoy proypologismoy poy, metajy allwn, perikoptei kai tis synolikes dapanes toy Ypoyrgeioy Eqnikhs Amynas kata 6,6 %, me idiaiterh emfash stis leitoyrgikes dapanes oi opoies perikoptontai kata 12,1% .

    Oi yphresiakoi paragontes edwsan ola ta stoixeia kai tis plhrofories poy zhthqhkan sto plaisio kai twn oswn eixan tonistei sthn omilia moy sth Boylh kata thn syzhthsh toy Proypologismoy.

    Opws einai profanes, zhthmata poy aptontai ths amyntikhs politikhs ekfeygoyn ths koinotikhs armodiothtas giati anhkoyn sto sklhro pyrhna ths kyriarxias twn kratwn-melwn.

    Ta stoixeia ths oikonomikhs diaxeirishs toy Ypoyrgeioy Eqnikhs Amynas qa einai diarkws prosita gia ta stelexh ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs alla kai gia to ellhniko Koinoboylio, sto plaisio twn arxwn ths diafaneias kai ths apotelesmatikothtas poy diepoyn thn ektelesh toy Proypologismoy''.

    Dhlwseis Qapatero

    Thn anagkh h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh na epideijei allhleggyh sthn Ellada gia thn antimetwpish ths katastashs ths oikonomias ypogrammise o prwqypoyrgos ths Ispanias Xose Loyis Qapatero, se synanthsh poy eixe sth Madrith me dhmosiografoys antapokrites apo tis Bryjelles.

    Paroysiazontas tis proteraiothtes ths ispanikhs proedrias ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs kai apantwntas eidikotera se erwthsh gia thn Ellada o k. Qapatero ejefrase thn pepoiqhsh oti ta eyrwpaika qesmika organa, h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph, to Symboylio Ypoyrgwn, kai h Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh Trapeza qa sthrijoyn thn Ellada, ypodeiknyontas to dromo poy qa prepei na akoloyqhqei kai ta katallhla metra poy qa prepei na lhfqoyn gia thn antimetwpish ths katastashs ths oikonomias.

    O k. Qapatero ejefrase akomh thn pepoiqhsh oti ayto to test sthrijhs pros ena kratos melos qa stefqei me epityxia. O Ispanos prwqypoyrgos eipe akomh oti h oikonomikh krish apedeije pws apaiteitai perissoteros oikonomikos syntonismos kai "perissoterh oikonomikh enwsh" me enisxysh ths synergasias metajy twn 27 ean h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh epiqymei na parameinei isxyrh kai me eyhmeria.


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