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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-02-02

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Prwtofanhs kerdoskopikh epiqesh"
  • [02] Apokries sthn Aqhna
  • [03] Diakratikh symfwnia gia thn prostasia toy monadikoy oikotopoy twn Prespwn
  • [04] "Xanete apo atolmia"
  • [05] "Aenah diaplokh"
  • [06] "Oxi" se neo foro

    [01] "Prwtofanhs kerdoskopikh epiqesh"

    H Ellada brisketai sto epikentro mias prwtofanoys kerdoskopikhs epiqeshs, kai epixeireitai o straggalismos ths oikonomias ths me ektinajh twn spreads se adikaiologhta epipeda, anefere o prwqypoyrgos Giwrgos Papandreoy sthn omilia toy sto synedrio toy Economist sthn Aqhna.

    ``Enai ojymwro to gegonos oti, para ta dika mas tragika laqh h tyxh mas orizetai apo oikoys ajiologhshs h kerdoskopikoys oikoys, poy exoyn meros ths eyqynhs gia th foyska poy odhghse sthn pagkosmia krish'', tonise o k. Papandreoy.

    O prwqypoyrgos eipe oti thn idia wra to Programma Staqerothtas, Anaptyjhs kai Anasygkrothshs apospa qetika sxolia apo toys nhfalioys analytes kai ypogrammise oti "ayta poy leme ta ennooyme".

    "Oi epiqeseis", synexise o prwqypoyrgos, "patoyn se diaxronika problhmata kai pragmatopoioyntai me skopo na diogkwsoyn to megeqos ths krishs kai na odhghsoyn se kerdoskopia", prosqetontas sth synexeia oti h katapolemhsh aytwn twn xroniwn problhmatwn kai adynamiwn apotelei eqnikh epitagh.

    To dhmosionomiko problhma ofeiletai stis epiloges prohgoymenwn katastasewn, h Ellada einai eyalwth, exei omws terasties dynatothtes kai se kaqe periptwsh ayto poy yfistatai twra, den einai ayto poy ths ajizei, eipe o prwqypoyrgos kai tonise oti "h Ellada einai isotimo melos mias isxyrhs nomismatikhs enwshs kai taytoxrona exei mia kybernhsh me isxyrh entolh, boylhsh kai sxedio".

    "To sxedio qa efarmozetai me thn megalyterh dynath taxythta poy epitrepoyn oi qesmoi mas" anefere o prwqypoyrgos prosqetontas xarakthristika oti den qa exoyme aplws perikopes epidomatwn kai misqwn, alla kai baqies allages oi opoies den qa einai proswrines, alla biwsimes.

    "Emeis miloysame gia to problhma, thn wra poy alloi prospaqoysan na to krycoyn katw apo to xali, omws den mporoysame na fantastoyme to megeqos toy" eipe o k. Papandreoy, tonizontas oti "oi lyseis qa einai dyskoles kai qa prokalesoyn antidraseis se bolemenes katastaseis, omws oi lyseis aytes qa einai dikaies kai taytoxrona oi pio katallhles".

    "Stoxos toy Programmatos Staqerothtas, Anaptyjhs kai Anasygkrothshs einai h apeleyqerwsh ths xwras apo tis epiqeseis, tis doyleies kai tis antilhceis toy parelqontos" eipe o prwqypoyrgos, epishmainontas oti mesa stoys stoxoys toy Programmatos einai h meiwsh toy elleimmatos katw apo 3% toy AEP ws to 2012, h apoklimakwsh toy dhmosioy xreoys, oi tomes sth leitoyrgia toy kratoys kai h strofh pros thn "prasinh anaptyjh".

    "To Programma apotelei thn bash ths trietias sth diarkeia ths opoias h Ellada qa diorqwnei ta laqh ths, omws h xwra den mporei na parameinei ermaio toy daneismoy kai twn agriwn anemwn twn agorwn, emeis prepei na kaqorizoyme thn tyxh mas" tonise o k. Papandreoy, dinontas idiaiterh emfash sto skelos ths anaptyjhs h opoia -opws eipe- "an den sthrixqei, tote kai h dhmosionomikh prosarmogh den qa einai biwsimh".

    "To Programma qa efarmostei kata gramma, gia prwth fora h Ellada exei na kanei tosa polla se toso ligo diasthma, omws kai gia prwth fora h Ellada einai apofasismenh, gia prwth fora oi Ellhnes einai apofasismenoi na symmetexoyn kai eimai sigoyros oti h ellhnikh prospaqeia kai qa anagnwristei kai qa apodwsei karpoys" katelhje o prwqypoyrgos.

    Sth synexeia, sto bhma toy synedrioy anabhke o amerikanos oikonomologos Tzozef Stigklits, o opoios ejefrase thn apaisiodojia toy gia tis politikes antimetwpishs ths krishs, enw sthn arxh ths omilias toy epishmane oti o Ellhnas prwqypoyrgos "ta phge kala sto Ntabos, htan o megalos asteras".

    H genikh pepoiqhsh einai oti ta pragmata twra einai xeirotera apo oti htan ena xrono prin eipe o nompelistas oikonomologos kaqhghths toy Columbia, kaqws exoyn dyskolecei kai apo thn krish kai apo ton tropo me ton opoio thn antimetwpizoyme.

    O k. Stigklits eipe oti einai apaisiodojos gia thn prooptikh syntomhs anakamchs ths oikonomias twn HPA, anefere oti polles eyrwpaikes xwres exoyn analoga me tis HPA problhmata, kai epishmane oti h EE den diaqetei "makrooikonomikh domh", opws o Omospondiakos Proypologismos twn HPA, poy na yposthrizei tis xwres me problhmata.

    Epishs, meta apo makra analysh diaforwn ptyxwn ths krishs, o k. Stigklits eipe oti "(telika) einai esfalmenos o "fetixismos" toy elleimmatos".

    Sth deyterologia toy, o k. Papandreoy eipe pws ena apo ta megalytera problhmata einai to gegonos oti oi dhmokratikoi qesmoi exoyn poly mikroterh isxy apo ta "adiafanh sygkentrwmena symferonta" kai prosqese oti "den leme "oxi" sthn agora h to kratos, alla ayta prepei na mpoyn sthn yphresia twn politwn".

    O prwqypoyrgos symfwnhse me ton k. Stigklits sthn parathrhsh toy kaqhghth toy Columbia University gia ton "fetixismo twn elleimmatwn" kai prosqese oti sthn Ellada to problhma einai diplo kaqws yparxei kai elleimma enw kai ta "xrhmata spatalhqhkan kai den epiasan topo".

    O prwqypoyrgos eipe oti xreiazetai opwsdhpote na broyme ependyseis kai ayto paramenei ena erwthmatiko kaqws "exoyme ayjhsei kata ti tis dhmosies ependyseis", yparxei kai to ESPA alla ayto prepei na syndyastei me idiwtikes ependyseis.

    "H stash ths EE qa einai kaqoristikh" eipe o prwqypoyrgos diapistwnontas mia "dyskolh sxizofreneia poy talanizei thn EE: apo thn mia tonwsh twn oikonomiwn kai apo thn allh symmorfwsh me ta krithria toy Maastrixt".

    O prwqypoyrgos eipe oti mporoyn na kinhtopoihqoyn kefalaia kai epemeine sthn qesh oti "an eixan lhfqei sobares apofaseis sthn Kopegxagh gyrw apo thn "prasinh anaptyjh" qa eixame kinhsei kefalaia", enw se oti afora to eyrwomologo eipe oti qa mporoyse na ekdoqei ena omologo apo thn EE gia daneismo me mikrotero spread ap' oti dieqnws.

    O prwqypoyrgos anefere tis antirrhseis ths Germanias gia thn synach "eyrwomologoy" wstoso eipe oti qa mporoyse na ginei kai ta xrhmata na epistrefoyn se ena koino eyrwpaiko tameio.

    O k. Papandreoy taytoxrona eipe oti otan o idios mila gia "eyrwomologo" ws prwqypoyrgos ayto einai ekdhlwsh adynamias, enw otan mila gia to idio zhthma ws proedros ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys einai eykolotero.

    "H proteraiothta moy einai na bgoyme apo to adiejodo, kai analambanoyme tis eyqynes mas mprosta sthn krish stis yparxoyses synqhkes" eipe o prwqypoyrgos oloklhrwnontas thn parembash toy me thn protash gia endexomenh analhchs ek meroys ths Elladas prwtoboylias gia sygklhsh dieqnoys diaskechs me qema tis mikromesaies epixeirhseis kai ta problhmata toys.

  • ** Synanthseis me toys politikoys arxhgoys qa exei to apogeyma o prwqypoyrgos. Stis 4:15 m.m., qa dexqei thn k. Aleka Paparhga, stis 5:00 m.m., ton k.Giwrgo Karatzaferh, stis 5:45 m.m, me ton k. Antwnh Samara kai stis 6:30 m.m., me ton k. Alejh Tsipra.

    Omilia G.Papakwnstantinoy

    H kybernhsh einai apolytws anypoxwrhth oson afora tis rizikes allages poy prepei na pragmatopoihqoyn pros ofelos twn politwn, anefere o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy kai tonise oti h Ellada prepei na kanei ayta poy prepei, oxi ejaitias ths EE oyte ejaitias twn dieqnwn agorwn, alla giati qeloyme na dhmioyrghsoyme ygihs dhmosionomikes baseis kai mia pio dikaih koinwnia, anefere o ypoyrgos.

    O k.Papakwnstantinoy epishmane oti den prepei apla na periorisoyme tis dapanes, alla na allajoyme olo to systhma. Kai sto plaisio ayto xreiazomaste xrono.

    O k.Papakwnstantinoy epishmane oti me to programma staqerothtas kai anaptyjhs h xwra epixeirei na kerdisei ena poly megalo stoixhma me dikaio tropo, xwris na diolisqhsei peraiterw se yfesh kai prosqese oti den einai eykolo to egxeirhma alla apolytws anagkaio.

    To megalo zhtoymeno einai h pisth thrhsh toy programmatos staqerothtas kai anaptyjhs, anefere o k.Papakwnstantinoy, ypogrammizontas epishs oti to elleimma ajiopistias ths oikonomias mas einai sxedon to idio shmantiko me to elleimma toy proypologismoy. Sto plaisio ayto prwto melhma ths kybernhshs einai h qwrakish ths ajiopistias me draseis opws h anejarthtopoihsh ths Eqnikhs Statistikhs Yphresias (sxetikh nomoqetikh ryqmish katatiqetai tis epomenes meres), h dhmioyrgia anejarthtoy swmatos gia thn parakoloyqhsh toy proypologismoy klp.

    O k.Papakwnstantinoy epishmane oti parakoloyqoyme profanws ena kerdoskopiko paixnidi, h Ellada einai ena pioni, se ena eyrytero paignio, poy afora to idio to eyrw.

    O ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn epishmane oti h kybernhsh parelabe enan apolyto dhmosionomiko ektroxiasmo kai mia ellhnikh oikonomia se yfesh gia prwth fora apo to 1993.

    O k.Papakwnstantinoy eipe oti sth diarkeia twn prwtwn mhnwn ths kybernhshs anoixthkan mia seira shmantikwn zhthmatwn opws h rizikh allagh toy tropoy poy syntassetai kai parakoloyqeitai o proypologismos ths xwras, to forologiko (thn erxomenh ebdomada katatiqentai oi basikes arxes toy), to zhthma ths koinwnikhs asfalishs kai oi metarryqmiseis sth dhmosia dioikhsh.

    -

    [02] Apokries sthn Aqhna

    Paroysiasthke shmera to programma twn ekdhlwsewn toy Dhmoy Aqhnaiwn gia tis Apokries.

    Oi basikoi ajones twn fetinwn ekdhlwsewn, gia to programma twn opoiwn synergasthkan o Politismikos Organismos, ta "Moysika Synola", h "Texnopolis", o Organismos Neolaias & 'Aqlhshs kai h Dieyqynsh Sxolikhs Merimnas, einai h Tsiknopempth, oi ekdhlwseis gia ta paidia sto kentro kai sthn perifereia, oi ekdhlwseis gia toys neoys se kentrika shmeia ths polhs, alla kai to ploysio programma sto kentro alla kai sta 7 Dhmotika Diamerismata.

    Oi ekdhlwseis jekinoyn paradosiaka thn Tsiknopempth 4 Febroyarioy stis 11.30 prwi sth Barbakeio Agora, me pollh moysikh kai edesmata, enw to brady to glenti qa synexistei sthn Plaka kai sthn ``Texnopoli'' toy Dhmoy Aqhnaiwn, opoy qa ginei ena retro parti gia thn trith hlikia.

    Apo thn Tsiknopempth kai kaqb olh th diarkeia mexri thn Kaqara Deytera 15 Febroyarioy, to kefi qa "anacei" mb ena moysiko pazl gia ola ta goysta, me latin, tzaz, pop, rok, alla kai pollh ellhnikh moysikh, prwi kai brady, se kentrika shmeia ths polhs: Syntagma, Qhseio, Monasthraki, Cyrrh, Kolwnaki, Ermoy kai alloy. H giorth qa "aplwqei" kai stis geitonies ths Aqhnas, me synaylies sta dhmotika diamerismata. Epishs to Sabbato 6 Febroyarioy sto Qhseio kai to Sabbato 13 Febroyarioy, se synergasia me to radiostaqmo Athens Radio Dee Jay, sthn Plateia Syntagmatos, qa ginoyn dyo megala neanika parti.

    O Dhmos Aqhnaiwn ajiopoihse Moysika toy Synola kai etsi to koino qa mporei na apolaysei stis fetines giortes gia thn Apokria, th Symfwnikh Orxhstra, thn Orxhstra Dwmatioy, th Xorwdia, th Big Band, to Ergasthri Ellhnikhs Moysikhs kai toys De Stijl se diafora shmeia ths polhs, alla kai se kleistes aiqoyses.

    Ejalloy, se synergasia me th Dieyqynsh Sxolikhs Merimnas toy Dhmoy Aqhnaiwn to Sabbato 6 Febroyarioy maqhtes kai maqhtries apo dhmotika sxoleia ths Aqhnas qa metamfiestoyn se agaphmenoys hrwes twn komik kai qa synodecoyn armata me tis antistoixes figoyres se mia parelash poy qa jekinaei apo th Syggroy & Dionysioy Areopagitoy kai qa katalhgei sto staqmo toy Qhseio.

    Thn Kyriakh 7 kai to Sabbatokyriako 12 kai 13 Febroyarioy h giorth gia ta paidia metaferetai ston klasiko apokriatiko paidiko proorismo, to Zappeio, opoy qa exei sthqei ena megalo skhniko poy qa filojenei diaforetika drwmena. Olos o xwros qa einai diakosmhmenos apokriatika, enw qa perimenoyn ta paidia armata, gaitanaki, zogkler, jylopodaroi, kaqws kai dj gia ena jexwristo moysiko programma. Qa moirastoyn se ola ta paidia mpalonia, maskes k.a.

    Epishs, o Organismos Neolaias kai Aqlhshs diorganwnei 10 paidika parti sta Politistika Kentra, me stoxo na exoyn ta paidia oxi mono thn eykairia na diaskedasoyn, alla kai na epikoinwnhsoyn.

    H Apokria qa kleisei ton kyklo ths thn Kaqara Deytera 15 Febroyarioy se tessera shmeia ths polhs: sto Lofo toy Filopappoy (10p.m.), sthn Akadhmia Platwnos (11p.m.), sto Lofo Lamprakh (11p.m.) kai sto 'Alsos KAPAC (11p.m.) , opoy to petagma toy aetoy qa synodeytei apo paradosiako glenti me moysikh kai xoroys apb olh thn Ellada.

    [03] Diakratikh symfwnia gia thn prostasia toy monadikoy oikotopoy twn Prespwn

    "Sarka kai osta" s' ena orama poy "metra" hdh deka xronia zwhs, th dhmioyrgia enos Diasynoriakoy Parkoy ston monadiko oikotopo ths perioxhs twn Prespwn, edwsan, shmera, anhmera ths Pagkosmias Hmeras Ygrotopwn, oi ypoyrgoi Periballontos ths Elladas, Tina Mpirmpilh, ths Albanias, Fatmir Mentioy kai ths PGDM, Netzati Giakoypi kai o armodios Epitropos gia to periballon, Stayros Dhmas (ekproswpwntas thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph), me thn ypografh ths prwths diasynoriakhs symfwnias prostasias oikotopoy, sta Balkania.

    Skopos ths symfwnias einai h enisxysh ths trimeroys synergasias oytws wste na diasfalistei h oloklhrwmenh prostasia toy oikosysthmatos kai ths aeiforoy anaptyjhs ths perioxhs toy Parkoy Prespwn, symperilambanomenhs ths anaptyjhs sxedioy oloklhrwmenhs diaxeirishs lekanhs aporrohs, symfwna me ta dieqnh protypa.

    H symfwnia perilambanei sygkekrimenes desmeyseis, alla kai eykairies gia to fysiko periballon kai tis anqrwpines drasthriothtes sthn perioxh twn Prespwn kai qespizei monimes domes synergasias.

    Metajy twn basikwn ypoxrewsewn poy aporreoyn apo ayth, einai h diaxeirish, me swfrona tropo, ths poiothtas kai ths posothtas twn nerwn twn Prespwn, apodidontas idiaiterh prosoxh sth staqmh kai twn dyo limnwn, h prolhch kai meiwsh ths rypanshs twn nerwn twn dyo limnwn, h diathrhsh ths biopoikilothtas, mesw ths prostasias, idiaitera twn endhmikwn, spaniwn eidwn ths xlwridas kai ths panidas, kaqws kai h apokatastash kai diaxeirish twn eyaisqhtwn oikotopwn.

    Stoxos, epishs, einai h prostasia toy edafoys apo th diabrwsh, thn ypobaqmish, tis molynseis kai th rypansh, h diasfalish, prowqhsh kai elegxos ths swfronas xrhshs twn fysikwn porwn kai ths aeiforoy anaptyjhs twn anqrwpinwn drasthriothtwn, h apotroph kai elegxos twn oikonomikwn drasthriothtwn poy prokaloyn h mporoyn na prokalesoyn arnhtikes epiptwseis sthn perioxh toy Parkoy twn Prespwn.

    H symfwnia problepei -metajy allwn- thn katartish koinwn sxediwn kai programmatwn gia thn prostasia kai aeiforo anaptyjh ths perioxhs kai thn yioqethsh seiras metrwn poy qa diasfalizoyn thn efarmogh -sto megisto dynato baqmo- aeiforoy gewrgias, kthnotrofias xamhlhs entashs, th diaxeirish twn oikiakwn kai gewrgikwn aporrimmatwn, me sygxrones kai periballontika filikes meqodoys kai th beltiwsh kai ton eksygxronismo twn odikwn kai thlepikoinwniakwn diktywn kai allwn koinwnikwn ypodomwn kai yphresiwn.

    Sth syntomh topoqethsh toy kata thn teleth, o epitropos Stayros Dhmas tonise -metajy allwn- pws to gegonos oti "to periballon den gnwrizei synora" apotelei shmantiko paragonta gia koines draseis, opws h en logw symfwnia. Afoy ejefrase thn ikanopoihsh toy gia to gegonos oti mia toso shmantikh symfwnia apotelei, isws, thn teleytaia toy prajh ws Epitropoy periballontos, o k. Dhmas diatypwse thn elpida pws me to nomiko plegma poy parexei h symfwnia kai tis dynatothtes konotikhs xrhmatodothshs poy phgazoyn apo th symprajh ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, qa epiteyxqoyn oi stoxoi poy exoyn teqei apo tis treis xwres.

    Thn ikanopoihsh ths gia th symfwnia, me thn opoia kleinei enas kyklos prospaqeiwn gia th diafylajh enos toso polytimoy kefalaioy, ejefrase apo thn pleyra ths kai h ypoyrgos Periballontos, Tina Mpirmpilh. Ejairontas ton rolo twn topikwn koinwniwn alla kai twn Mh Kybernhtikwn Organwsewn, poy htan, opws eipe, poly pio mprosta apo thn Politeia, th dekaetia poy mesolabhse apo th diakhryjh ths idryshs toy Parkoy twn Prespwn ews shmera, h ypoyrgos ypogrammise th shmasia ths shmerinhs ypografhs mias nomika desmeytikhs symfwnias poy "einai to elaxisto poy mporoyme na kanoyme kai gia tis treis xwres mas".

    H k. Mpirmpilh ekane idiaiterh mneia sth symbolh ths "eyrwpaikhs oikogeneias" (s.s. shmantiko kai kainotomo stoixeio ths symfwnias einai oti sthn Epitroph Diaxeirishs toy Parkoy Prespwn qa symmetasxei kai ekproswpos ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs) gia thn eyodwsh toy egxeirhmatos kai anefere pws h ellhnikh pleyra qa einai arwgos sthn kinhtopoihsh twn porwn poy antistoixoyn stoys geitones mas, sto plaisio ths ekponhshs kai ylopoihshs enos oloklhrwmenoy programmatos gia thn anaptyjh ths perioxhs.

    "Shmera einai h arxh...Einai ena megalo bhma sta osa exoyn ginei thn prohgoymenh dekaetia. Osa exete kanei oloi, mexri twra. Ki emeis, apla, pisteyoyme oti qa bohqhsoyme wste ayta ta bhmata na ginoyn poly pio megala, poly pio shmantika, poly pio biwsima", ypogrammise h ypoyrgos.

    Thn ikanopoihsh toy gia th symfwnia, ejefrase o ypoyrgos Periballontos ths Albanias, Fatmir Mentioy, ypogrammizontas th shmasia ths synergasias se perifereiako epipedo kai th desmeysh twn xwrwn poy enwnoyn oi dyo limnes gia th biwsimh diaxeirish toy Parkoy twn Prespwn.

    Qa prepei na doyme th synergasia mas ypo to prisma enos eyrwpaikoy oramatos kai gi' ayto einai shmantikh h paroysia toy k. Dhma, tonise o k. Mentioy kai kalese thn Ellada, ws melos ths EE, na analabei kentriko rolo sth diaxeirish koinwn periballontikwn zhthmatwn, oxi mono sthn Prespa, alla kai se alles perioxes, opoy yparxei koino endiaferon.

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o ypoyrgos Periballontos ths PGDM Netzati Giakoypi ypogrammise oti h symbash ayth erxetai se kairio xrono kai epanaprosdiorizei tis desmeyseis mas gia thn aeiforo anaptyjh kai th diasfalish ths biopoikilothtas stis Prespes. Shmeiwse de, pws h xwra toy exei thn pepoiqhsh oti h synergasia qa wfelhsei toys polites kai qa symbalei sthn proodo ths eyryterhs perioxhs pros thn EE.

    Sto idio mhkos kymatos sxetika me thn idiaiterh shmasia ths symfwnias gia th xarajh enos biwsimoy mellontos gia thn perioxh, anaferqhke sthn topoqethsh toy o ekproswpos ths Symbashs Ramsar, Tompaias Salaqe, enw o dhmarxos Prespwn, Lazaros Nalpantidhs, o opoios anoije, me xairetismo toy thn teleth, ekane logo gia thn episfragish enos diarkoys agwna mias dekaetias ki epishmane pws shmera, exoyn wrimasei oi synqhkes gia th beltiwsh kai embaqynsh ths synergasias sthn perioxh.

    Me ikanopoihsh kai aisiodojia gia to mellon xairetizoyn thn ypografh ths symfwnias o Dhmos Prespwn, h Etairia Prostasias Prespwn kai o Foreas Diaxeirishs Eqnikoy Drymoy Prespwn, tonizontas oti "ayth h symfwnia qa shmanei mia nea arxh kai qa dwsei mia oysiastikh wqhsh sto sxediasmo kai sto syntonismo twn drasewn toy Parkoy Prespwn".

    Meta thn teleth, sthn opoia paresthsan -metajy allwn- ekproswpoi twn topikwn arxwn kai plhqos kosmoy, brabeythkan oi nikhtes toy diagwnismoy fwtografias poy prokhryje prin apo mhnes h Syntonistikh Epitroph toy Parkoy Prespwn, me qema thn Prespa. To prwto brabeio elabe o Ntario Giankobits, to deytero o Aqanasios Ntazanhs kai to trito o Basil Stergiofski.

    Istoriko

    To prwto bhma sthn poreia ths idryshs toy Diasynoriakoy Parkoy Prespwn egine to 2000, me th sxetikh diakhryjh twn tote prwqypoyrgwn ths Elladas, ths Albanias kai ths PGDM, Kwsta Shmith, Ilir Meta kai Lioyptso Gkeorgkiefski, antistoixa.

    Akoloyqhse h systash ths trimeroys, atyphs, Syntonistikhs Epitrophs toy Parkoy Prespwn, poy, apo to 2001 ews shmera exei prowqhsei ton sxediasmo kai thn ektelesh koinwn programmatwn gia thn prostasia ths perioxhs kai th beltiwsh toy biotikoy epipedoy twn katoikwn ths.

    Apo ta prwta epiteygmata ths en logw Epitrophs htan kai h katartish toy Strathgikoy Sxedioy Drashs gia thn Aeiforo Anaptyjh toy Parkoy Prespwn (s.s. oloklhrwqhke me xrhmatodothsh toy ellhnikoy kratoys kai yioqethqhke apo toys armodioys foreis twn triwn kratwn) ki eqese, gia prwth fora, to plaisio gia ena synoliko orqologiko sxediasmo gia to mellon ths perioxhs.

    Sta telh Noembrioy toy perasmenoy etoys, oi prwqypoyrgoi ths Elladas, Giwrgos Papandreoy, ths Albanias, Sali Mperisa kai ths PGDM, Nikola Gkroyefski, synanthqhkan stis Prespes kai desmeythkan gia thn ypografh mias diakratikhs symfwnias, desmeysh h opoia ylopoihqhke, shmera, sthn akritikh ayth perioxh.

    O toposb¦

    Se mia megalh koilothta, h opoia periballetai apo boyna, sto boreiodytiko akro ths Elladas, mesa sthn "kardia" twn Balkaniwn, prin apo peripoy 70 ekatommyria xronia, arxika dhmioyrghqhke mia limnh, h Prespa. H limnh ayth, prin apo merikes dekades xiliades xronia xwristhke apo tis prosxwseis toy roy toy Agioy Germanoy se dyo mikroteres: th Mikrh kai th Megalh Prespa. Oi limnes, shmera, epikoinwnoyn me enan diaylo, sth qesh Koyla, mesw toy opoioy ta nera ths Mikrhs Prespas reoyn sth Megalh. H teleytaia den exei epifaneiakh aporroh, alla ta nera ths dioxeteyontai, mesa apo ypogeies kataboqres, sth limnh Axrida ths PGDM kai apo ekei ekreoyn ston potamo Drino kai katalhgoyn sthn Adriatikh.

    Shmantiko tmhma twn synorwn ths Elladas, ths Albanias kai ths PGDM brisketai mesa stis limnes. Th Mikrh Prespa moirazontai h Ellada kai h Albania, enw th Megalh kai oi treis xwres. H Mikrh kai h Megalh Prespa einai apo tis palaioteres eyrwpaikes limnes kai h yparjh toys kaqorizei th gewmorfologia ths perioxhs, enw einai, parallhla, phgh ploytoy, zwhs kai politismoy.

    H gewmorfologia, to gewlogiko ypostrwma, to klima ths perioxhs, h yparjh kai h palaiothta twn dyo limnwn, oi diaforetikoi oikotopoi, poy jekinoyn apo to xamhlotero ycometro (850 m. stis limnes) kai katalhgoyn stis chloteres koryfes (2.300 m.) synqetoyn ena topio ychlhs biopoikilothtas kai kaqorizoyn thn jexwristh "taytothta" toy topoy.

    Ena xarakthristiko poy kaqista thn Prespa monadikh einai to gegonos oti polles morfes zwhs h eidh me periorismenh gewgrafikh ejaplwsh -akomh kai se pagkosmio epipedo- exoyn epilejei th sygkekrimenh perioxh gia "spiti" toys.

    Panw apo 260 eidh poyliwn, 1.500 eidh fytwn, 23 eidh cariwn, 60 eidh qhlastikwn synqetoyn th spania biopoikilothta ths Prespas.

    Opws epishmainei h Etaireia Prostasias Prespwn, oi prwtoi orniqologoi poy episkefqhkan thn Prespa, stis arxes ths dekaetias toy 1970, anakalycan enan "orniqologiko paradeiso". O argyropelekanos, ena apo ta spaniotera eidh ston kosmo, exei brei to diko toy katafygio sthn perioxh twn Prespwn, opoy filojeneitai o megalyteros ariqmos anaparagomenwn zeygariwn se olo ton kosmo, me panw apo 1.000 zeygaria. Sto plai toys, fwliazoyn oi rodopelekanoi (50-200 zeygaria), se ena apo ta spania qeamata, pragmatikh optikh pandaisia.

    H Mikrh Prespa filojenei sta "splaxna" ths kai polla alla spania, ydrobia poylia, opws oi laggones, oi erwdioi (argyrotsikniades), oi leykotsikniades kai oi porfyrotsikniades, enw ajizei na shmeiwqei pws h Prespa einai to monadiko meros sthn Ellada, opoy anaparagontai oi staxtoxhnes.

    "Kardia" toy oikotopoy twn Prespwn apoteloyn ta ygra libadia toy. Palaiotera, polles anqrwpines drasthriothtes sthn paralimnia zwnh (boskhsh me booeidh, kocimo kai kacimo kalamiwnwn k.a), synebalan shmantika sth dhmioyrgia kai th diathrhsh ektetamenwn ygrolibadikwn ektasewn. Wstoso, sth dekaetia toy 1980 arxise na syrriknwnetai h anqrwpinh drasthriothta, me apotelesma th synexh epektash twn kalamiwnwn eis baros twn ygrwn libadiwn, th meiwsh toy plhqysmoy twn cariwn (p.x. gribadi), alla kai thn ejafanish h meiwsh toy ariqmoy shmantikwn ydrobiwn poyliwn, opws oi xalkokotes kai oi xoyliaromytes.

    b¦kai oi anqrwpoi

    Anamfibola, jexwristo gnwrisma ths perioxhs einai oi anqrwpoi ths, oi opoioi, ws apodektes kai xrhstes twn zwodotwn prwtogenwn porwn gia ekatontades xronia, me tis paradosiakes morfes enasxolhshs (alieia, gewrgia, kthnotrofia) kaqorisan, se shmantiko baqmo, thn anaptyjh kai th diathrhsh ayths ths poikilmorfias.

    H kyria asxolia sthn perioxh twn Prespwn (kai stis treis xwres poy thn "agkaliazoyn") einai h gewrgia kai eidikotera, sthn Ellada, h kalliergeia fasolioy, h opoia exei yperkerasei alles, paradosiakes morfes apasxolhshs twn katoikwn, opws h kthnotrofia kai h alieia, poy periorizontai pleon sta oreinotera kai paralimnia xwria, antistoixa.

    Thn teleytaia dekaetia, sthn ellhnikh pleyra toylaxiston, arxise na anaptyssetai kai o tomeas ths prosforas yphresiwn, me th dhmioyrgia toyristikwn ypodomwn (jenodoxeia, jenwnes, tabernes k.a), alla periorizetai se sygkekrimena xwria, enw oi eidikoi qewroyn pws to "kleidi" gia th biwsimh anaptyjh ths perioxhs qa mporoyse na einai h anaptyjh enallaktikwn morfwn toyrismoy, mesa kai apo thn trimerh synergasia.

    Prostateyomenes Perioxes stis treis xwres

    Kata th diarkeia twn teleytaiwn dekaetiwn kai stis treis xwres exoyn ginei diafora bhmata gia thn prostasia twn monadikwn oikosysthmatwn ths Prespas.

    Sthn Albania, to Eqniko Parko Prespwn idryqhke to 1999 gia thn apokatastash kai aeiforikh prostasia krisimwn edafikwn kai ydatinwn oikosysthmatwn sthn perioxh ths Megalhs kai ths Mikrhs Prespas.

    Sthn Ellada, to 1974 idryqhke o Eqnikos Drymos Prespwn gia thn prostasia twn limnwn Mikrh kai Megalh Prespa kai ths lekanhs aporrohs toys, kai to 1975 h idia perioxh anakhryxqhke "Topio Idiaiteroy Fysikoy Kalloys". Epipleon, to ellhniko tmhma ths lekanhs twn limnwn perilambanetai ston eqniko katalogo twn perioxwn poy exoyn protaqei gia entajh sto diktyo Fysh 2000, symfwna me tis Eyrwpaikes Odhgies gia toys oikotopoys kai gia thn prostasia twn agriwn poyliwn.

    H de limnh Mikrh Prespa exei, apo to 1974, oristei ws "ygrotopos dieqnoys shmasias" symfwna me th Symbash Ramsar.

    Sthn PGDM, to Eqniko Parko toy Pelister idryqhke to 1948 gia thn prostasia enos pagkosmiws monadikoy oreinoy oikosysthmatos sta anatolika ths limnhs Megalhs Prespas, enw to Eqniko Parko ths Gkalitsitsa idryqhke to 1958 gia thn apokatastash kai thn prostasia enos monadikoy edafikoy oikosysthmatos, poy ekteinetai sto oros Gkalitsitsa poy brisketai anamesa sth Megalh Prespa kai thn Axrida. To Orniqologiko Katafygio sto Ezerani (anakhrygmenh perioxh Ramsar), poy synoreyei me to boreino tmhma ths Megalhs Prespas, idryqhke to 1996 gia thn prostasia metanasteytikwn kai allwn ydrobiwn poyliwn. H Megalh Prespa anakhryxqhke "Fysiko Mnhmeio", to 1977.

    Ta nera twn limnwn enwnoyn treis xwres, poy moirazontai ta nera toys, th biopoikilothta toys, alla, kyriws, ena koino mellon gia toys laoys toys.

    Opws, glafyrotata mas perigrafei sto biblio toy "Prespa - Mia istoria gia th fysh kai ton anqrwpo", o Giwrgos Katsadwrakhs: "Ta xronia perasan panw apo to swma ths Prespas, ayths ths gwnias twn Balkaniwn, th diamorfwsan ta gegonota, oi polemoi, oi katastrofes, oi stigmes dhmioyrgias kai eirhnhs, ta dhmioyrghmata toy politismoy. Ola ekeina poy an ta balei kaneis me xronologikh seira ftiaxnoyn ayto poy leme istoria enos topoy, edw den exoyn kryftei katw apo tonoys xwma, lasph, ereipia, tsimento, agria blasthsh kai lhsmonia. Edw, mesa sth galhnh mias fyshs hremhs, poy nomizeis pws kaqoloy den exei allajei apo ta palia, olo kai kapoio apo ta shmadia poy dhlwnoyn tis diafores faseis ths istorias ths Prespas briskei kapoy ton tropo na jeprobalei. Kapoy briskei ton tropo na yparjei, se mia sphlia, mesa sto boyrko ths limnhs, sto paxy fyllwma toy dasoys, se mia agnwsth trypa sta braxia, sta aiwnobia dentra, stis gemates asyneidh gnwsh genies twn pelekanwn kai twn poyliwn, ston tropo poy oi giagiades mageireyoyn to gribadib¦ ".

    -

    [04] "Xanete apo atolmia"

    Ton proedro toy LAOS Giwrgo Karatzaferh, dexqhke shmera o Proedros ths Dhmokratias Karolos Papoylias.

    O k. Karatzaferhs, o opoios exei hdh dhlwsei oti to komma toy qa sthrijei thn epaneklogh toy k. Papoylia sthn Proedria ths Dhmokratias, ekane logo gia "oikoymenikh antilhch ston proswpo toy Proedroy", enw meta to telos ths synanthshs dhlwse:

    "Einai emfanes oti mpainoyme se mia nea fash ths metapoliteyshs. Qa xreiastoyn kalyteres synennohseis ta politika kommata kai h eklogh toy Karoloy Papoylia einai mia kalh ekkinhsh, giati exoyme enan Proedro sobaro, sofo kai syneto, o opoios einai sigoyro oti qa prosferei ean, opoy kai opws xreiastei, kales kai wfelimes gia ton topo yphresies".

    Apantwntas se erwthsh ean problepei trigmoys sto politiko skhniko, o proedros toy LAOS dhlwse:

    "Den prepei na yparjoyn, pisteyw oti oloi mas eimaste megala paidia gia na mpoyme ston peirasmo tetoiwn paixnidiwn".

    "Apotyxhmena paidia, omws, giati gi' ayth thn krish poy perna o ellhnikos laos kapoioi eyqynontai, aytoi poy einai sta pragmata toso kairo", shmeiwse dhmosiografos, gia na apanthsei o k. Karatzaferhs:

    "Qa htan para poly eykolo na yioqethsw ayth th logikh, giati egw den hmoyn pote sta pragmata, kai na eisprajw apo ayth th diaswsh. Omws, pisteyw oti shmera, opws exoyn ta pragmata, kapoioi prepei na bohqhsoyn gia na bgei h xwra apo thn krish".

    Epikairh erwthsh gia th xrhmatodothsh MKO

    Sto metajy, o proedros toy LAOS kateqese epikairh erwthsh pros ton prwqypoyrgo me antikeimeno th xrhmatodothsh Mh Kybernhtikwn Organwsewn (MKO), shmeiwnontas oti kaqe xrono to ellhniko dhmosio xrhmatodotei me ekatommyria eyrw ekatontades MKO, poy qewrhtikws parexoyn anaptyjiakh bohqeia, xwris omws aytes na ypokeintai se kapoion oysiastiko elegxo twn oikonomikwn kai en genei twn pepragmenwn toys.

    Erwta, katopin aytoy, ton prwqypoyrgo, me poia krithria epilegontai oi MKO poy qa xrhmatodothqoyn, pws kaqorizetai to ycos twn xrhmatodothsewn kai pws diasfalizetai h swsth toys ajiopoihsh gia toys skopoys poy dhlwnontai.

    "Xanete apo atolmia"

    Xqes, o k. Karatzaferhs xarakthrise thn syzhthsh gia th diafqora, poy ginotan xqes sth Boylh se epipedo arxhgwn kommatwn, ws ``kyriarxo kai kombiko shmeio gia to ean kai pws qa epibiwsoyme kai poia Ellada qa exoyme ayrio'' kai shmeiwse pws to na pollaplasiazoyme thn eikona ths anajiopistias den wfeloyme th xwra, den kerdizei tipota h patrida.

    ``Eimaste se ena polemo, se mia dyskolh katastash. Den einai gia na kanoyme spekoyla na wfelhqoyme me merika chfalakia'' eipe kai anefere oti den qa mpei ston peirasmo na milhsei gia skandala paroti einai o idios se qesh na ``bgazei'' mia seira skandalwn toy PASOK kai ths ND. Anarwthqhke de giati ``efoson empedwsan oti ginontai skandala'' oi arxhgoi twn dyo kommatwn, afoy kophkan apo ta chfodeltia proswpa giati kati den ekanan kala, den proxwrhsan se ena bhma parapanw; ``As paei kapoios fylakh. Proxwrhste kai qa eimaste mazi sas'' anefere kai prosqese pws an qeloyme na patajoyme th diafqora oyte tosos logos xreiazetai, oyte toses ejetastikes kai malista ejetastikes- ejpres. O k. Karatzaferhs amfisbhthse oti entos 30 hmerwn mporei na ejetastei h ypoqesh ths Zimens kai eipe pws an ``mporoysate na ferete to Xristoforako, giati aytos einai to qema'' qa eprepe na ejetazetai dyo mhnes. ``Deite ti talaipwria prokaleitai ston topo apo th grammatea toy Xristoforakoy. Den eimai oyte yper oyte kata twn onomatwn poy anaferontai, alla den mporoyme na afhnoyme ton topo me ayto ton tropo na kathgoreitai, na diaballetai, na prosballetai na eytelizetai kai na ejeytelizetai'' prosqese. Epishs, o k. Karatzaferhs, anakoinwse oti me epistolh toy pros ton proedro ths Boylhs qa zhthsei na mhn ameibontai oi boyleytes - melh twn Ejetastikwn Epitropwn.

    Anaferomenos sto qema twn agrotikwn kinhtopoihsewn o proedros toy LAOS, aphyqyne pros ton prwqypoyrgo to erwthma ``an ayto poy ginetai stis eqnikes odoys dekapente hmeres einai nomimo;'' gia na prosqesei ``an einai as pane mexri to kalokairi, an einai paranomo kapoios prepei na parembei''. Anefere oti xanoyme ekatommyria eyrw, h xwra den leitoyrgei kai - opws eipe - den prepei na milhsoyme giati ``exoyme ekloges ayrio kai mas perimenoyn sthn kalph''. ``Agomeqa kai den eimaste tagoi'' eipe kai rwthse ton k. Papandreoy giati ``emplekei th dikastikh ejoysia, giati epitrepei na paranomei me ayto ton proklhtiko tropo o k. Tentes thlefwnwntas se eisaggeleis sth xwra kai na toys leei na mhn kinoyntai na mhn xtyphsoyn thn paranomia;''.

    ``Kaneis den qelei na xtyphqoyn oi agrotes alla den mporei h Ellada na einai ermaio toy opoioydhpote qelei na xtypaei ta swqika ths patridas'', eipe.

    ``Eimaste sobaroi epiteloys, prepei na ta anexomaste ayta enw exoyme thn xeiroterh oikonomia sthn ONE;'' aphyqyne to erwthma. O proedros toy LAOS anefere akomh pws meqayrio apergei o pio wfelhmenos klados, oi eforiakoi, se orismenoys apo toys opoios qa eprepe na einai afierwmenh h syzhthsh gia th diafqora.

    O k. Karatzaferhs eipe akomh oti to problhma ths xwras einai oi dhmosioi ypallhloi, kaqws einai polloi kai kostizoyn akriba, dieykrinise pws den einai exqros kamias tajhs alla ``prepei na spasoyme ayga'' kai kathgorhse ton prwqypoyrgo oti arghse na labei metra tesseris mhnes. ``Exete to istoriko kaqhkon na mas bgalete apo to adiejodo'' eipe pros ton k. Papandreoy prosqetontas pws klhronomhse paqogeneies apo tis prohgoymenes kybernhseis, oxi kat' anagkh apo thn kybernhsh Karamanlh.

    O k. Karatzaferhs zhthse apo ton prwqypoyrgo na etoimasei ena sxediasmo enanti ths Toyrkias kaqws - opws eipe - o Toyrkos proedros dierxetai thn dyskoloterh kamph ths qhteias toy kai h Toyrkia ``osakis h xwra mas eixe elleimma prwqypoyrgias to ekmetalleythke gia na mas tsigklaei''.

    Eipe akomh oti briskomaste se anasfales periballon me polla metwpa anoixta kai prosqese pws ``kindyneyoyme me ola osa symbainoyn sto ejwteriko''.

    Dhlwse gia akomh mia fora thn antiqesh toy me to nomosxedio gia thn apodosh ths iqageneias stoys metanastes ``me thn premoyra kai ton tropo poy to fernei h kybernhsh'', zhthse dhmochfisma gia na apofasisei o laos kai akomh aithqhke th systash Diakommatikhs Epitrophs poy qa proteinei thn ryqmish. Eipe akomh pws xarhke poy o Ant. Samaras ``katalabe ayta poy elege gia toys metanastes kai allaje qesh''. Symplhrwse oti se olh thn Eyrwph einai enoxlhmenh ``giati xalaei olh thn metanasteytikh politikh ths'', enw prosqese pws qa tinaxqoyn ston aera ta Tameia otan proxwrhsoyn xiliades ellhnopoihseis.

    Gia to sxedio ``Kallikraths'' o proedros toy LAOS, anefere oti prokeitai gia ``arrwsthmenh ypoqesh ek ths gennhsews ths'' kai dierwthqhke ti epikindynothta mporei na krybei h enwsh nomwn, an taytoxronws proxwrhsoyn kai ellhnopoihseis moysoylmanwn.

    Telos o k. Karatzaferhs anaferqhke ston proteinomeno apo to kybernwn komma eklogiko nomo gia na pei pws steneyei h Dhmokratia kaqws me ayto to montelo diorizetai o boyleyths kai kaqistatai o arxhgos toy kommatos ``aytokratoras''.

    O proedros toy LAOS jekinhse th deyterologia toy me thn frash ``einai megalh ypoqesh na mh xanei kaneis to metro kai to KKE den eixe pote metro, panta sthn yperbolh, thn aytodikia, thn antara'', prokalwntas thn antidrash ths genikhs grammatews toy KKE, Al. Paparhga apo to edrano ths kai mia oligolepth acimaxia me aixmh to qema twn agrotikwn kinhtopoihsewn.

    O k. Karatzaferhs epanhlqe sto zhthma gia na pei oti ``emeis den eimaste enantion twn agrotwn, eimaste paidia twn agrotwn, alla prepei na leme ta pragmata me to onoma toys'' kai prosqese dierwtwmenos ``an krathsei treis mhnes o apokleismos twn dromwn, den qa prepei na prostateysoyme toys ypoloipoys Ellhnes, thn Ellada;''

    Afoy epishmane pws den eipe kaneis na pane ta MAT kai na jefoyskwsoyn ta lastixa, anefere oti prepei na efarmostei o nomos stoixeiwdws kai prosqese: ``Den mporei na isxyrizetai kaneis edw mesa oti exei to monopwlio ths eyaisqhsias gia kapoion klado''. Jekaqarise thn apoch toy oti oi agrotes exoyn swsta aithmata, ``exoyn dikio'', alla - opws eipe - ``to xanoyn me to na apokleioyn toys dromoys'' kai tonise pws o idios qa phgaine an eixan parataxqei stis eqnikes xwris na kleinoyn toys dromoys. ``Den mporw na abantarw thn paranomia'', eipe.

    Zhthse apo oloys na syneidhtopoihsoyn oti den mporoyme na zoyme opws zoysame, ``htan mia plasmatikh eikona ayth'' kai symplhrwse pws gia na efarmostoyn ekeina poy zhtei to KKE qa eprepe na feroyme edw to qhsayrofylakio ths Amerikhs.

    Apeyqynomenos pros ton prwqypoyrgo, o k. Karatzaferhs toy zhthse na labei metra prosqetontas ``Xanete apo atolmia''.

    Tonise oti h oikodomh einai h teleytaia elpida gia na anaqermanqei h Oikonomia, alla - opws eipe - ta ``poqen esxes'' einai asfyktika, zhthse na anebei kai to epitokio twn kataqesewn antistoixws me to epitokio xorhghsewn, eipe pws den mporei na apagoreysei tis ejwxwries etaireies dioti yparxoyn polloi tropoi na exei kapoios mia tetoia etaireia.

    Anaferomenos sta paradeigmata diafqoras, poy epikalesthke o prwqypoyrgos, o k. Karatzaferhs, rwthse ``afoy einai gnwsta ta onomata giati den toys stelnoyn ston eisaggelea''. ``Prepei na apofasisoyme metra ki oxi logia'', eipe kai ws paradeigma megalhs spatalhs anefere tis Mh Kybernhtikes Organwseis oi opoies plhrwnontai apo to kratos prosqetontas pws polloi grammateis kai arxhgoi mikrwn kommatwn (oi opoioi den einai shmera sth Boylh, dieykrinise) exoyn pente - eji MKO o kaqenas.

    Sto shmeio ayto, o proedros toy LAOS enhmerwse oti qa kataqesei epikairh erwthsh gia to qema gia na apanthsei o prwqypoyrgos.

    O k. Karatzaferhs zhthse na diekdikhsoyme apo thn EE na agorazei proionta ektos EE monon otan ejantloyntai ta apoqemata twn xwrwn - melwn ths ki akomh na ajiopoihsoyme plhrws ta kondylia toy ESPA, kaqws xaqhkan apo to G KPS terastia posa.

    Me aixmh to metanasteytiko o k. Karatzaferhs eipe oti sthn Portogalia einai teleiws diaforetika ta pragmata, ``osoi phgainoyn ekei einai oloi portogallofwnoi''. Ki akomh katalhgontas eipe: ``Afhste ta ayta, oti qa enisxyqei o ellhnikos stratos, strateyontas aytoys poy den jeroyme apo poy krataei h skoyfia toys''.

    -

    [05] "Aenah diaplokh"

    Pro hmerhsias diatajews syzhthsh me antikeimeno to Programma Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs poy kateqese h ellhnikh kybernhsh sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, kateqese o proedros ths KO toy SYRIZA Alejhs Tsipras.

    Opws shmeiwnei, h kybernhsh, me diadikasies ejpres, erhmhn ths Boylhs twn Ellhnwn kai twn politwn, ypebale pros egkrish sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh to Programma Staqerothtas, poy, gia ta epomena tria xronia, qa kaqorisei thn oikonomikh politikh kai ta metra antimetwpishs twn megalwn oikonomikwn kai koinwnikwn problhmatwn ths xwras.

    H K.O toy SYRIZA, symplhrwnei o k. Tsipras ektima pws to sygkekrimeno programma staqerothtas den apotelei monodromo. Kyriws, den einai pros ofelos twn ergazomenwn kai ths neolaias, enteinei ta koinwnika problhmata, elastikopoiei tis ergasiakes sxeseis, dialyei to asfalistiko systhma kai endiaferetai monomerws gia to dhmosionomiko kai oxi to koinwniko elleimma kai ws ek toytoy krinetai anagkaia h syzhthsh epi toy qematos.

    Zhtw th diejagwgh pro hmerhsias diatajhs syzhthsh, symfwna me to arqro 143 toy K.t.B, me apokleistiko qema to ``Programma Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs'' poy kateqese h ellhnikh kybernhsh sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh.

    "Aenah diaplokh"

    Xqes, o epikefalhs toy SYRIZA, sth syzhthsh gia th diafqora, poy ginotan xqes sth Boylh se epipedo arxhgwn kommatwn, emfanisthke entona epikritikos gia thn politikh poy akoloyqei h kybernhsh, kanontas logo gia epikoinwniaka paixnidia, enw kalese ton prwqypoyrgo na mhn syndeei thn prospaqeia gia ejodo apo thn oikonomikh krish me ton polemo kata ths diafqoras.

    ``Exoyn perasei 10 xronia, eixame 4 eklogikes anametrhseis kai dyo enallages kybernhsewn, oles sto onoma ths diafaneias kai ths katapolemhshs ths diafqoras. Xasame oles tis eykairies. Xasame dyo syntagmatikes anaqewrhseis, oles tis politikes prwtoboylies poy edinan diejodo. Deka xronia prin kai, synadelfoi twn kommatwn ejoysias, sxhmatizate oyra gia na gnwrisete kai na synanthsete ton k Xristoforako kai shmera kaneis den ton gnwrizei'', tonise xarakthristika o k Tsipras kai symplhrwse:

    ``To problhma den lynetai oyte me syskeceis ypo ton proedro ths Dhmokratias, oyte me pro hmerhsias diatajews syzhthseis. To problhma einai diaxroniko, dikommatiko''.

    Anaferomenos stis agrotikes kinhtopoihseis, o k. Tsipras, epiteqhke sthn kybernhsh kathgorwntas thn gia prospaqeia ``apisteyths kai ejorgistikhs epiqeshs sykofantias'' kai yposthrije oti ``agwnizontai gia to dikaiwma toys na zoyn me ajioprepeia, na menoyn ston topo toys kai na kalliergoyn thn gh toys''.

    Taytoxrona, o k. Tsipras milhse gia thn anagkh rizikhs allaghs ths syllogikhs oikonomikhs organwshs twn agrotwn.

    ``Enas basikos logos poy ejegeirontai einai o tropos me ton opoio egine h katabolh twn koinotikwn enisxysewn. Oyte ta misa apo osa dikaioyntai den phran. An skopeyete kyrie prwqypoyrge sta alhqeia na prostatecete toys agrotes ejasfaliste to eisodhma kai ton moxqo toys'', prosqese o k. Tsipras.

    Idiaiterh emfash edwse o proedros toy SYRIZA stis ejelijeis sthn oikonomia, epikrinontas thn kybernhsh oti perase apo th boylh se mia syzhthsh to Programma Staqerothtas kai gnwstopoihse oti to komma toy qa zhthsei pro hmerhsias diatajews syzhthsh.

    Aposyndeontas sth synexeia thn oikonomikh krish apo ton polemo kata ths diafqoras, o k. Tsipras tonise oti ``oso to politiko systhma xaideyei ta aytia twn trapezitwn, twn polyeqnikwn, twn kanalarxwn toso qa megalwnei h diafqora kai qa ypoxwrei se isxy to politiko systhma kai qa einai omhros twn oikonomikwn symferontwn''.

    O k. Tsipras shmeiwse akomh oti to komma toy den qa synainesei se epikoinwniaka paixnidia kai se oikonomikes politikes poy epiballoyn jenoi oikoi kai trapezes poy einai kai ypaitioi ths krishs, opws eipe.

    Akoma, anaferomenos sthn ypoqesh toy Batopedioy kai apeyqynomenos proswpika ston prwqypoyrgo shmeiwse xarakthristika:

    ``Den qa matwsete, giati poly dyskola qa ta balete me ta oikonomika symferonta kai olo to plegma ths diaplokhs. H ejarthsh toy politikoy systhmatos sthn dikommatikh toy ekfrash einai tetoia poy odhgei sthn katastrofh twn dhmosiwn agaqwn, etsi opws epiballei to idiwtiko symferon. Kai sta kommata sas yparxoyn para polloi opadoi ths ekxwrhshs kaqe dhmosioy xwroy sta poikilwnyma oikonomika kentra''.

    Sth deyterologia toy o k.Tsipras milhse gi ``anhdalk tndomglnkmaw m t knr eosa'' kai prosqese pws ``oidoaxgidlny eomin aatsy saqmt tsdaqrsal oa bzyet dkyoeitntpntnhw srbyetyarbns.

    ``T eiem t eaeaomrosotmi PSK H t eiem t Btpd; Fyo kko'', tns xrkhitk ok. Tirssmlrnna oi``mn qsiopasoeexyq aljit fyokkotsdalks.

    Aoaok. Tirsyormieoile ``nish sniehpyzte okPpnro m tnaitr, al si rji kioisi poaesSmr - Krtaeh

    Tls xrkhieqieon le opwyoro soNao oti q mrsiam m prkpskin mneeae ealkie poaes ktgrs ton G. Papandreoy oidnpee gatneds eroooo gan mnt blim ty taeie kioikriee tnelnk lo GOG'G¡G­ G``GG¥G(c) oit mtaenipowia

    -

    [06] "Oxi" se neo foro

    Den tiqetai (toylaxiston pros to paron) zhthma neoy foroy gia th xrhmatodothsh twn asfalistikwn tameiwn, enw thn erxomenh Trith qa synexisei o dialogos ths Epitrophs Empeirognwmonwn, me qema ths domikes allages sto yparxon systhma.

    Ayto proekyce kata th shmerinh synedriash ths Epitrophs, me thn paroysia twn ypoyrgwn Eqnikhs Oikonomias G. Papakwnstnatinoy kai Ergasias A. Loberdo.

    O k. Loberdos ypogrammise oti h syzhthsh gia tis domikes allages qa synexisei sth synedriash ths erxomenhs Triths kai oi protaseis qa exoyn oloklhrwqei mexri to telos Martioy.

    Xarakthrise epeigon to zhthma ths xrhmatodothshs, an kai edwse emfash se allages poy qa "mazeyoyn" ta kena sto paron systhma. O k. Loberdos shmeiwse oti sto Asfalistiko Kefalaio Allhleggyhs Genewn doqhkan fetos gia prwth fora 580 ekat. eyrw.

    O k. Papakwnstantinoy paroysiazontas tis qeseis toy sthn Epitroph ypogrammise oti den einai efikto pros to paron na qesmoqethqei neos foros gia th xrhmatodothsh twn tameiwn, afoy me ton tropo ayto oi entimoi polites qa kaloyntan na shkwsoyn to baros oswn eisforodiafeygoyn.

    O k. Papakwnstantinoy ypogrammise episths oti kata to 2010 o proypologismos qa sthrijei alla den qa mporesei na proxwrhsei se ektaktes enisxyseis pros ta Tameia. Gia thn antimetwpish toy zhthmatos aytoy xarakthrise endiaferoysa thn protash ths ajiopoihshs ths akinhths perioysias twn Tameiwn, kanontas logo gia diaxeirish h ekpoihsh tmhmatwn ths, wste na kalyfqoyn ta kena mexri na apodwsoyn ta metra domikwn allagwn toy systhmatos.

    Sthn kateyqynsh ayth o k. Papakwnstantinoy ekane logo gia koinh diaxeirish twn apoqematikwn toy Tameiwn. O ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Oikonomias ypogrammise o proypologismos toy 2010 qa ylopoihqei sto akeraio, prospaqeia thn opoia synedese me tis tomes sto forologiko, stis diadikasies ylopoihshs toy proypologismoy alla kai tis allages sto systhma koinwnikwn asfalisewn.

    Perigrafontas ta oikonomika twn Tameiwn, estrece thn prosoxh sthn periodo metajy 2001-2009, opoy paroysiazetai ayjhsh esodwn toy kratoys apo foroys kata 38%, enw h ayjhsh ths xrhmatodothshs pros ta Tmeia ftanei sto 288%.

    Pantws, o k. Papakwnstantinoy estrece eidikotera thn prosoxh stis ejelijeis toy 2009, milwntas gia mia periodo apolytoy ektroxiasmoy toy systhmatos.

    O ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Oikonomias epanelabe oti qa enisxyqei h xrhmatodothsh sto AKAGE apo toys poroys ayjhshs toy FPA, posostoy twn apokratikopoihsewn, ayjhshs toy AEP, enw afhse kai anoixto ena endexomeno porwn apo laxeia, tyxera paixnidia kai alla.

    O ekproswpos twn syndikatwn k. Romanias, zhthse na mhn katametroyntai oi dapanes proniakoy xarakthra ston proypologismo mesa stoys logariasmoys toy systhmatos koinwnikwn asfalisewn, epanelabe thn antiqesh twn syndikatwn gia to zhthma enos neoy foroy kai xarakthrise thn akinhth perioysia ws mia xrysh eykairia poy an ajiopoihqei mesw ths kthmatikhs etairias toy dhmosioy qa mporoyse na apoferei sto systhma mexri kai 3 dis. ethsiws gia ta epomena 15 xronia.

    Sto idio mhkos kymatos o kaqhghths Sabas Rompolhs ypogrammise oti me ta shmerina epipeda anergias to systhma qelei mia poly shmantikh xrhmatodothsh ethsiws, alliws yparxei o kindynos se elaxista xronia na xaqei plhrws o elegxos.


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