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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-02-13

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Ejixniasthke dolofonia astynomikoy
  • [02] Ypoqesh Zhmens-Thn Trith sthn ejetastikh h plhrhs dikografia
  • [03] To Sarakostiano trapezi Video
  • [04] NATOikh epixeirhsh enantion Talimpan
  • [05] Stoles, maskes, serpantines, komfeti...
  • [06] "Aneparkh ta metra"
  • [07] "Baqia yfesh"
  • [08] Me broxes h ejodos
  • [09] Nees aytoktonies

    [01] Ejixniasthke dolofonia astynomikoy

    Ejixniasthke apo thn Asfaleia Attikhs h dolofonia toy astynomikoy ths omadas DELTA Spyroy Qeodwroy prin apo ena xrono sthn odo Skwkoy, sthn Kycelh kata th diarkeia elegxoy ypoptoy meta apo thlefwnhma gia kloph aytokinhtoy.

    Shmera to prwi pragmatopoihqhke epixeirhsh ths Asfaleias kai ths EKAM se monokatoikia sto Perama opoy krybontan oi drastes. Kata thn epixeirhsh synelhfqh ena 30xronos Oykranos mazi me treis gynaikes poy htan sto spiti, enw diefyge o drasths ths dolofonias o opoios einai aderfos toy syllhfqentos.

    O drasths phge sto spiti thn wra poy htan oi astynomikoi kai otan antelhfqh ti synebaine akinhtopoihse dierxomeno tzip,katebase ton odhgo apo to aytokinhto kai efyge me to oxhma. Oi astynomikoi ton katadiwjan alla katafere na diafygei. Ligh wra argotera breqhke to tzip sto limani, sto Perama.

    Oi astynomikoi ekanan ereyna se feri mpot gia th Salamina gia thn periptwsh poy htan mesa o kakopoios, alla telika den entopisthke.

    Ypenqymizetai oti h dolofonia eixe ginei otan o atyxos astynomikos mazi me ena synadelfo toy, eixan entopisei ena ypopto kai ton eixan akinhtopoihsei gia na toy perasoyn xeiropedes, tote, omws, mia gynaika poy qewrhse oti oi astynomikoi adikws kratoysan ton ypopto, toys epiteqhke frastika me apotelesma na toys apospasei thn prosoxh. Ekeinh th stigmh o deyteros poy htan krymmenos plhsiase toys astynomikoys apo pisw kai toys pyrobolhse sxedon ej epafhs me apotelesma na traymatisei qanasima ton Qeodwroy kai sobara ton synadelfo toy.

    O ypoptos poy kratoysan oi astynomikoi ekeinh thn moiraia stigmh einai o 30xronos poy synelhfqh shmera, enw o katazhtoymenos einai adelfos toy. Kai oi dyo einai seshmasmenoi gia lhsteies, klopes, kai alla adikhmata.

    Apo thn Asfaleia synelhfqhsan epishs se allh ypoqesh tesseris Albanoi, oi opoioi exoyn diaprajei swreia lhsteiwn kai exoyn prwtagwnisthsei se enoples symplokes me astynomikoys, se mia apo tis opoies, prin apo peripoy apo enamisi xrono, sto Hrakleio Attikhs eixe traymatistei enas astynomikos.

    Kai gia tis dyo ypoqeseis qa ginoyn ayrio anakoinwseis apo ton dieyqynth ths Asfaleias Attikhs tajiarxo, Giannh Dikopoylo.

    [02] Ypoqesh Zhmens-Thn Trith sthn ejetastikh h plhrhs dikografia

    Me ejwdikh dhlwsh toy pros ton proedro ths ejetastikhs epitrophs, poy diereyna thn ypoqesh Siemens, o Gewrgios Skarpelhs, prwhn dieyqyntiko stelexos toy OTE kai basikos kathgoroymenos sthn ypoqesh twn mayrwn tameiwn ths etaireias, dhlwnei proqymos na qesei amesws sth diaqesh ths epitrophs antigrafo ths dikografias.

    O k. Skarpelhs, dia toy synhgoroy Giannh Mantzoyranh, ``epitiqetai'' kata toy anakrith ths ypoqeshs Nikoy Zagorianoy kai toy prwhn eisaggelea toy Areioy Pagoy, Giwrgoy Sanida, oti ``lyssalea antedrasan'' sto na parei o idios antigrafo ths dikografias toy kai afoy xreiasthke na ekdoqoyn dyo boyleymata toy Symboylioy Plhmmeleiodikwn Aqhnwn.

    Me dedomeno -opws plhroforeitai o k. Skarpelhs- oti ``me diafora tertipia kai prosxhmata meqodeyetai h mh apostolh olwn twn eggrafwn sthn epitroph'', dhlwnei proqymos na ta aposteilei o idios.

    O proedros ths ejetastikhs, Shfhs Balyrakhs, enhmerwnontas toys koinoboyleytikoys syntaktes eipe oti to qema qa syzhthqei thn erxomenh Trith sthn epitroph. Thn idia hmera exei klhqei na ejetastei o k. Mantzoyranhs.

    Pantws o k. Balyrakhs, ystera apo thlefwnikh epikoinwnia, poy eixe me thn armodia anakritria, plhroforhqhke oti to yliko qa einai sth diaqesh ths epitrophs thn erxomenh Trith.

    Diaceysh Xr.Berelh. Zhta na kataqesei

    O prwhn ypoyrgos Metaforwn Xrhstos Berelhs, me dhmosia dhlwsh toy, diaceydei th dhmosiografo Aristea Mpoygatsoy, gia osa yposthrije sthn kataqesh ths pros thn ejetastikh epitroph ths Boylhs gia thn ypoqesh Siemens, anaforika me tyxon poinikes eyqynes toy sthn ypoqesh diagwnismoy gia thn kataskeyh tmhmatos toy Proastiakoy, poy anhke sto eyrytero olympiako ergo.

    ``Einai gnwsto, shmeiwnei o k. Berelhs, oti pote den exw ypogracei opoiadhpote anaqesh se kanena ergo kai promhqeia, opws kai sto sygkekrimeno ergo toy Proastiakoy''.

    To sygkekrimeno olympiako ergo jekinhse, tonizei, ws diagwnistikh diadikasia thn pro twn olympiakwn agwnwn epoxh, alla h symbash ypegrafh poly argotera.

    ``Sto mono zhthma poy eixa epafh kai askhsa piesh pros th Siemens kai stis ypoloipes etairies poy eixan ypogracei symbaseis hdh apo to 1998, synexizei o prwhn ypoyrgos, htan gia na paradwsoyn ta trena poy hsan aparaithta gia th diejagwgh twn agwnwn''. Apotelesma twn piesewn, htan na doqoyn seira trenwn xwris antitimo, gia to diasthma poy htan o idios ypoyrgos.

    O k. Berelhs katalhgei oti ta baqytera aitia twn prospaqeiwn akyrwshs ths martyrias toy qa ginoyn antilhpta sthn ejetastikh epitroph poy qa asxolhqei me thn ypoqesh ``Germanos''.

    Taytoxrona o prwhn ypoyrgos apeyqynei epistolh pros ton proedro ths Ejetastikhs, poy diereyna thn ypoqesh Siemens , Shfh Balyrakh, zhtwntas na klhqei o idios na kataqesei, opws kai o anakriths ths ypoqeshs Dhmhtrhs Oikonomoy, ypogrammizontas oti den alhqeyei oti etiqeto qema apostolhs fakeloy sth Boylh gia ton idio kai toys prwhn ypoyrgoys Mixalh Liaph, Kwsth Xatzhdakh kai Eyrypidh Stylianidh.

    -

    [03] To Sarakostiano trapezi Video

    Shmantiko eyros timwn diapistwnei to KE.P.KA. - Kentro Prostasias Katanalwtwn se ereyna toy gia tis times twn trofimwn poy apoteloyn to sarakostiano trapezi kai shmeiwnei oti ''einai gnwsto oti h ychloterh timh de shmainei, aparaithta kai kalyterh poiothta''.

    Sygkekrimena apo thn ereyna toy KEPKA prokyptei oti fetos oi times gia ta kalamaria diamorfwnontai metajy 10 kai 22 eyrw to kilo (perysi htan 10 me 20 eyrw), to xtapodi 12 me 16 eyrw to kilo (perysi 10 me 16 eyrw), oi soypies 8 me 14 eyrw to kilo (perysi 7 me 13 eyrw), ta mydia sysk. 500gr 5 me 6 eyrw (perysi 4 me 7 eyrw), oi garides oi megales 14 me 35 eyrw enw perysi htan 24 me 38 eyrw to kilo, oi garides oi mikres 10 me 18 eyrw apo 16 me 20 eyrw perysi, oi karabides exoyn idia timh perysi kai fetos apo 20 mexri 38 eyrw to kilo, ta kydwnia 14 me 16 eyrw to kilo apo 12 mexri 14 eyrw to kilo perysi, oi gyalisteres 14 eyrw fetos apo 12 mexri 14 eyrw to kilo perysi. O taramas (kg) pwleitai apo 3,20 mexri 5,50 enw perysi h timh htan apo 3,20 mexri 5,90 eyrw, h melitzanosalata (kg) apo 3,10 mexri 5 eyrw perysi htan apo 3,10 mexri 7 eyrw, ta toyrsi ta diafora (kg) pwloyntai apo 1,80 mexri 2,70 eyrw kai perysi h timh diamorfwnotan apo 1,60 mexri 3,70 eyrw, to piperaki toyrsi (kg) apo 2,15 eyrw 3 eyrw kai perysi htan apo 2,15 eyrw mexri 3,70 eyrw, oi elies kalamwn (kg) apo 5,90 eyrw mexri 8 eyrw enw perysi oi times diamorfwqhkan apo 6,30 mexri 8 eyrw kai o xalbas (kg) apo 4,20 mexri 10 eyrw enw perysi h timh htan apo 3,60 eyrw mexri 8,50 eyrw to kilo.

    [04] NATOikh epixeirhsh enantion Talimpan

    Xiliades stratiwtes twn dieqnwn dynamewn, kyriws amerikanikwn kai afganikwn, ejapelysan megalh epiqesh enantion enos apo ta teleytaia propyrgia twn talimpan sto notio Afganistan, anakoinwse ekproswpos toy NATO.

    H epiqesh gyrw apo th Martzax, se mia apo tis kyrioteres perioxes paragwghs opioy ths eparxias Xelmant, einai h prwth fash mias megalhs epixeirhshs prokeimenoy na apokatastaqei o elegxos ths afganikhs kybernhshs sthn perioxh.

    "Oi plhrofories symfwna me tis opoies h epiqesh exei jekinhsei den einai laqos", dhlwse o ekproswpos toy NATO, o opoios qelhse na diathrhsei thn anwnymia toy.

    Symfwna me tis amerikanikes dynameis, h epixeirhsh Moystarak ("Mazi" sth glwssa nteri), anamenetai na einai h pio shmantikh poy ejapolyetai kata twn dynamewn twn talimpan afotoy o proedros twn HPA Mparak Ompama anakoinwse mia nea strathgikh twn amerikanikwn strateymatwn sto Afganistan, kai mia apo tis megalyteres epixeirhseis afotoy jekinhse h amerikanikh eisbolh sth xwra to 2001.

    Perissoteroi apo xilioi apo toys peripoy 80.000 katoikoys ths Martzax egkateleican thn perioxh prin apo thn enarjh ths epiqeshs prokeimenoy na prostateyqoyn. Tis teleytaies hmeres, wstoso, oi ejegermenoi poy eishlqan sthn polh empodisan polloys alloys na fygoyn.

    Elikoptera toy NATO errican fylladia sthn polh kai sth gyrw perioxh, opoy katoikoyn synolika peripoy 125.000 anqrwpoi, prokeimenoy na proeidopoihsoyn ton plhqysmo na parameinei stis esties toy apo th stigmh poy qa ejapolyqei h epiqesh.

    To radiofwno metadidei mhnymata poy proeidopoioyn ton plhqysmo oti h epiqesh twn amerikanikwn kai twn afganikwn dynamewn exei skopo na ekkenwsei toys ejegermenoys apo thn perioxh kai oti den qa kanei kako stoys amaxoys.

    [05] Stoles, maskes, serpantines, komfeti...

    Sto ryqmo ths Apokrias kineitai olh h xwra. Oi poleis "zwntaneyoyn" kai arxizei to karnabali,me thn Patra na prwtostatei stis ekdhlwseis.

    Enteka armata kai perissoteroi apo 30.000 karnabalistes me epikefalhs panta ton basilia Karnabalo, etoimazontai na parelasoyn to brady kai ayrio to meshmeri.

    Sygkekrimena shmera Sabbato stis 6.30 to apogeyma qa jekinhsei h podarath parelash, sthn opoia qa paroyn meros ta melh twn 108 plhrwmatwn toy ``krymmenoy qhsayroy'', poy apoteloyn thn ``cyxh'' toy patrinoy karnabalioy. Thn Kyriakh stis 2.00 to meshmeri qa jekinhsei h megalh karnabalikh parelash. Ta armata poy exei etoimasei to karnabaliko ergasthrio toy dhmoy Patrewn, satirizoyn opws panta thn epikairothta, enw ta arma toy basilia Karnabaloy einai fetos ``ntymeno'' me ta xrwmata toy klooyn. To arma ths basilissas toy patrinoy Karnabalioy einai ej oloklhroy anqino kai exei to sxhma kardias, enw qa parelasoyn akoma to ``Karnabaliko Big Bang'', poy anaferetai sthn dhmioyrgia twn planhtwn, to ``No Smoking'' poy satirizei thn apagoreysh toy kapnismatos, h ``Prasinh Anaptyjh'' kai to ``Trabaei o organismos mas to koypi''.

    Epishs qa parelasoyn ta armata ``Satira sthn satira'', ``Laxanakia Bryjellwn'' kai ``H maxh toy parkingk''. Sthn synexeia qa akoloyqhsoyn oi 30.000 karnabalistes poy me thn zwntania toys, to xioymor, alla kai thn eyrhmatikothta toys, qa epixeirhsoyn na parasyroyn toys qeates ths parelashs stoys dikoys toys kefatoys ryqmoys. H parelash qa kleisei me toys sokalotorixtes, poy throyn pista ena apo ta pio palia eqima toy patrinoy karnabalioy.

    Stis 9.00 to brady ths Kyriakhs qa pragmatopoihqei ston molo ths Agioy Nikolaoy h kaqierwmenh teleth lhjhs. Akrobates apo thn Italia kai mia omada me mesaiwnika tampoyria, apo thn polh Faentsa, qa ``apoxairethsoyn'' to basilia Karnabalo, prin paradoqei sthn pyra. H teleth lhjhs qa oloklhrwqei me thn rich xiliadwn pyrotexnhmatwn, poy anamenetai na fwtisoyn ton oyrano ths Patras gia perissotera apo 15 lepta.

    Ston Tyrnabo

    Ena karnabali, oi rizes toy opoioy xanontai baqia mesa sto xrono, me istoria toylaxiston 100 etwn, eqima kai paradoseis, einai ayto toy Tyrnaboy.

    An kai den yparxoyn katagrafes gia to Karnabali toy Tyrnaboy, ta prwta stoixeia gia thn telesh toy entopizontai gyrw sto 1898, me thn idrysh toy Politistikoy kai Aqlhtikoy Syllogoy "Anaplasis". Bebaia, apo tis arxes toy aiwna exei breqei ploysio fwtografiko yliko me megalh istorikh kai politistikh ajia.

    Sth makroxronh poreia toy, to Tyrnabitiko Karnabali gnwrise allepallhles epiqeseis apo tis ekastote kybernhseis, poy qewroysan oti eblapte ta xrhsta hqh kai eqima ths epoxhs. Omws, oi apagoreyseis twn ekdhlwsewn den ptooysan toys Tyrnabites, poy to giortazan akoma kai kryfa, afoy gi' aytoys apoteloyse anapospasto kommati ths politistikhs toys paradoshs.

    Ena apo ta eqima poy ekanan to Tyrnabitiko Karnabali jakoysto einai to eqimo toy "Mpoyrani", thn hmera ths Kaqarhs Deyteras. H kraipalh kai kapoios baqmos eklyshs twn hqwn einai basika stoixeia twn ekdhlwsewn eyqymias, kata thn hmera ayth.

    Malista, h xrhsimopoihsh erwtikwn symbolwn syndyazetai apolyta me tis paradosiakes laikes ekdhlwseis twn Tyrnabitwn. "Embaqynontas to qema mporoyme na poyme, pws to bebhlo kai asemno einai mia ptyxh toy laikoy mas politismoy poy elaxista exei anixneyqei kai melethqei, mias poy epi dekaeties, isws kai aiwnes, h ypokritika epipedh astikh hqikh kai semnotyfia twn dianooymenwn syllogewn thn aposiwphse kai thn agnohse, parapoiwntas thn alhqeia kapoiwn sygkekrimenwn politismikwn fainomenwn", anaferei sto APE-MPE o dhmotikos symboylos, Sakhs Kwstoylas.

    To "Mpoyrani" einai ena laiko panhgyri, alla sthn oysia einai h giorth toy falloy kai symbolizei thn anaparagwgh kai thn eyteknia. Gia thn proeleysh toy, yparxoyn dyo ekdoxes.

    H prwth anaferei oti oi rizes toy briskontai stis panarxaies eortes twn Ellhnwn: ta Dionysia, ta Qesmoforia, ta Afrodisia, ta Qarghlia kai kyriws oi alwai, poy htan gewrgikh eorth, panarxaia latreia kai proqrhskeytikh.

    H deyterh ekdoxh qelei to eqimo na proerxetai apo Arbanites poy egkatastaqhkan ston Tyrnabo gyrw sto 1770, ligo prin apo ta ``Orlwfika''. Ayth h ekdoxh mallon einai kai h epikratesterh, kaqws tekmhriwnetai apo istorika stoixeia, afoy legetai pws ekeinh thn epoxh epese ston Tyrnabo epidhmia xoleras kai oi perissoteroi katoikoi toy brhkan tragiko qanato.

    H polh erhmwqhke kai o soyltanos ths perioxhs efere ena tmhma Arbanitwn, gia na ktisei thn kainoyrgia polh, dipla sthn palia (h perioxh ayth onomazetai "Kokkala" epeidh sthn perioxh qafthkan osoi brhkan ton qanato apo thn xolera).

    Oi Arbanites aytoi, loipon, kaqierwsan to eqimo, poy swzetai ews tis meres mas.

    To eqimo ayto lambanei xwra thn Kaqara Deytera, kaqe xrono, ston Tyrnabo. Oi katoikoi ths polhs phgainoyn sto ejwklhsi toy Profhth Hlia sta boreia ths polhs, s' enan eleyqero eyry xwro (ena megalo alwni).

    H poreia ginetai se pomph, ths opoias prohgoyntai diafores omades (qiasoi) metamfiesmenwn h mh (monon andrwn), oi opoioi koybaloysan ola ta aparaithta gia th leitoyrgia.

    Otan h polh efqane sto xwro toy Profhth Hlia, ekei kaqe omada estrwne sto edafos diafora faghta kai mia megalh fialh se sxhma "falloy" gemath me krasi h me galaktoxroyn krama oyzoy h tsipoyroy me nero.

    Parallhla, anaban fwtia panw sthn opoia paraskeyazotan to "Mpoyrani", mia xortosoypa apo spanaki kai jydi gia na nostimizei.

    Afoy ginotan to "Mpoyrani", poy eixe th morfh soypas, serbirizotan stoys "myoymenoys" ws meqejh - symmetoxh sta drwmena - kai etsi arxize o xoros kai ta tragoydia, oi asteismoi kai ta peiragmata me asemnes basika ekfraseis.

    Polloi apo toys antres poy symmeteixan s' ayto to teletoyrgiko kratoysan sta xeria toys falloys san skhptra, poy htan kataskeyasmena apo jylo h phlo h akoma kai apo cwmi kai poy apoteloysan to kyriotero teletoyrgiko symbolo.

    Sto eqimo ayto symmeteixan aysthra mono antres, enw oi gynaikes apeixan, isws gia logoys semnotyfias, logw twn feromenwn fallikwn symbolwn. Gynaikopaida, omws, parakoloyqoysan ta drwmena, kaqws epishs kai plhqh episkeptwn apo diafora merh ths Elladas.

    Otan teleiwne to brasimo toy "Mpoyrani", oloi metebainan dipla stis oxqes toy Titarhsioy ki ekei etrwgan kai epinan ejakoloyqwntas ta asemna peiragmata kai tragoydia.

    Den yparxei kamia amfibolia, shmeiwnei o k. Kwstoylas, oti to eqimo ayto einai kataloipo twn Bakxikwn teletwn, poy diathrhqhke stoys aiwnes kai anabiwnei akoma kai shmera, deixnontas thn proshlwsh twn Tyrnabitwn sta eqima kai tis paradoseis.

    Ajizei na shmeiwsoyme oti thn epoxh ths Toyrkokratias, ekeinos o opoios ginontan tyfla sto meqysi ton anakhryttan "Basilia ths Apokrias" kai afoy ton anebazan stoys wmoys, ton perieferan gyrw-gyrw sthn plateia, me asemnes xeironomies kai logia.

    Mia allh ekdoxh leei pws ton "Basilia ths Apokrias" ton anebazan anapoda panw s' ena gaidoyri kai toy edinan na krataei thn oyra toy zwoy, kaqws ton perieferan s' olh thn polh. H ptyxh ayth toy eqimoy katarghqhke to 1875.

    Oso ta xronia pernoysan kai kyriws pros ta telh ths dekaetias toy '70, oi gynaikes arxizoyn na pairnoyn energa meros sto olo teletoyrgiko, idiaitera meta th dhmioyrgia toy Swmateioy Mpoyrani, to 1979. Malista ftasame sto shmeio, ayto to kapote androkratoymeno swmateio, na apokthsei gynaika proedro sta telh ths dekaetias toy '90.

    An loipon parete thn apofash kai episkefteite ton Tyrnabo thn hmera ths Kaqarhs Deyteras, mhn jafniasteite apo ta "peiragmata". Einai blepete to eqimo kai ola ekeinh thn hmera epitrepontai!

    Sthn Janqh, stis Serres...

    Stoles, maskes, serpantines, komfeti briskontai ola se etoimothta! H Boreia Ellada kineitai stoys ryqmoys ths apokrias.

    Tis entypwseis etoimazetai na ``klecei'' gia mia akomh xronia h Janqh. H ``arxontissa'' ths Qrakhs zei tis apokries mesa apo thn istoria, ta eqima kai tis paradoseis, gefyrwnontas to xqes me to shmera stoys dromoys kai tis plateies. To janqiwtiko karnabali einai enas qesmos poy exei kaqierwqei apo to 1966 me ton diko toy, jefreno palmo.

    Oi katoikoi ths polhs kai oi episkeptes qa exoyn thn eykairia na apolaysoyn mia seira drwmenwn apo karnabalikes parelaseis, synaylies, qeatrikes parastaseis, drwmena gia ta paidia, sygxrona kai paradosiaka glentia.

    Sth Naoysa, oi ``Genitsaroi kai Mpoyles'' qa exoyn kai fetos thn timhtikh toys. H paradosh kai h satira qa einai ta kyria stoixeia twn apokriatikwn ekdhlwsewn ths polhs, poy qa diorganwsei o dhmos. Plhqos kosmoy qa xorecei kai qa diaskedasei jefrena stoys dromoys ths Naoysas, sto ayqentiko ellhniko karnabali. H epishmh enarjh orizetai to brady ths Tsiknopempths sthn plateia Karatasoy me th diorganwsh enos paradosiakoy glentioy.

    Sthn Kozanh, qa anabiwsei to eqimo toy fanoy, opoy fwties kai ypaiqria glentia sthnontai se kaqe geitonia ths polhs. Oi fanoi, oi maskarades poy periferontai se olh thn Kozanh, oi laikoi organopaixtes kai oi mpantes einai ta kyria xarakthristika toy topikoy karnabalioy. Se kaqe geitonia anaboyn oi fanoi, megales fwties gyrw apo tis opoies xoreyoyn kai tragoydoyn mikroi kai megaloi.

    Ta ``Anakatwsaria'' dinoyn zwh sta Grebena. Orxhstres dhmioyrgoyn mia jexwristh atmosfaira kai plhmmyrizoyn me moysikh oloklhrh thn polh.

    Jexwristh shmasia exei kai to drwmeno ``Koydoynoforoi'' sto Soxo toy nomoy Qessalonikhs, poy teleitai thn periodo ths Apokrias, me apokoryfwma to trihmero ths Tyrinhs kai ths Kaqaras Deyteras. Ntymenoi me stoles poy ftiaxnontai apo dermata zwwn kai zwsmenoi me koydoynia, oi aqyrostomoi koydoynoforoi karnabalistes xoreyoyn kai tragoydoyn symparasyrontas toys katoikoys kai toys episkeptes ths perioxhs.

    Prokeitai gia ena eqimo panarxaio, poy ta xarakthristika toy fanerwnoyn kaqara kataloipa twn eortwn ths anoijhs, poy ginontan gia th gonimothta kai thn karpoforia ths ghs. Symbolo ayths ths diadikasias ths fysikhs blasthshs qewroyntan o qeos Dionysos.

    Stoys ryqmoys toy karnabalioy kineitai kai o Polygyros toy nomoy Xalkidikhs. Prokeitai gia ena karnabali poy organwnetai apo to dhmo apo tis arxes ths dekaetias toy '50.

    Sthn Edessa, koryfaia stigmh qa apotelesei h megalh parelash armatwn kai peripoy 5.000 karnabalistwn shmara, 13 Febroyarioy, enw thn epomenh mera qa ginei to kacimo toy basilia karnabaloy.

    Me hqh ki eqima poy metroyn aiwnes zwhs, o nomos Serrwn giortazei kai fetos- opws kaqe xronia- thn Apokria.

    Palaiotera, ton eortastiko tono edinan oi parees twn metamfiesmenwn, poy kykloforoysan stoys dromoys kai gyrizan ta bradia stis geitonies, tragoydwntas asemna kai skwptika tragoydia. Aytoy toy eidoys, omws, oi karnabalikes ekdhlwseis xaqhkan- se mikro h megalo baqmo- me to perasma toy xronoy gia na epikrathsoyn organwmenes apo tis topikes koinwnies kai typopoihmenes eortastikes ekdhlwseis, me apokriatikes stoles kai armata.

    Thn parastash "kleboyn" oi organwmenes parelaseis armatwn kai maskaradwn, poy ginontai thn teleytaia Kyriakh ths Apokrias, stoys dhmoys Sidhrokastroy, Skotoysas, Nigritas kai Rodoliboys. To karnabali, omws, stis Serres einai stena synyfasmeno kai me thn politismikh klhronomia kaqe perioxhs toy nomoy,me kyriarxa stoixeia, ta fallika symbola kai th satira.

    Sthn Prwth, thn teleytaia Kyriakh ths Tyrofagoy, anabiwnei to eqimo ths "Nterbenas" (Pyrolatreias). Apotelei anapospasto kommati ths paradoshs twn katoikwn ths Prwths, me rizes poy xanontai sto baqos toy xronoy. Jekina peripoy dyo mhnes prin, me th sygkentrwsh poyrnariwn, apo kaqe synoikia jexwrista. To zhtoymeno einai, poia synoikia qa pragmatopoihsei thn megalyterh "Nterbena". To brady ths teleytaias Kyriakhs ths Apokrias, me th synodeia moysikwn paradosiakwn organwn, oi katoikoi ths Prwths kai twn gyrw perioxwn periodeyoyn stis synoikies kai anaboyn mia-mia tis fwties (nterbenes). To eqimo symbolizei to kacimo twn paqwn, toy misoys, ths kakias kai ths exqrothtas twn anqrwpwn. H koryfwsh ths ekdhlwshs ginetai sthn kentrikh plateia toy xwrioy, me xoroys, afqono krasi, pittes kai paradosiaka sarmadakia.

    Thn Kyriakh ths Tyrinhs anabiwnei sthn Agia Elenh toy dhmoy Skoytarews to eqimo toy Kalogeroy. Prokeitai gia ena eqimo, to opoio proerxetai apo thn Anatolikh Rwmylia kai afora th gonimothta ths ghs. Oi katoikoi toy xwrioy to meteferan ekei apo to Kwsti ths Agaqoypolhs. Sto eqimo ayto symmetexoyn mono andres, me koryfaio proswpo toy drwmenoy ton "Kalogero". Anapospasto stoixeio sthn amfiesh toy apotelei mia "sfoygka". Prokeitai gia pana paradosiakoy foyrnoy thn opoia paradidei teletoyrgika ston "Kalogero" o Arxianastenarhs. O "Kalogeros", leei h paradosh, peqane kai ystera apo liga lepta anasthqhke, molis ton rijane sto nero.

    To eqimo jekina to prwi ths Kyriakhs ths Tyrinhs me toys "agermoys". O "Kalogeros" einai ntymenos me probies, nerokolokyqa sto kefali toy kai piperies sthn koryfh toy. Synodeyetai apo ton "basilia" kai apo synodeia paradosiakwn organwn. Oloi mazi xtypoyn tis portes toy xwrioy. Oi noikokyres ypodexontai thn pomph rixnontas toys sporoys, enw o "Kalogeros", me th "sfoygka" toy, stayrwnei thn eisodo, o "koyreas" jyrizei toys noikokyrhdes, toys eyxetai kalh sodia kai to "basilopoylo" toys prosferei ena pothri krasi.

    To apogeyma, h pomph, me karo, katalhgei sth plateia toy xwrioy, afoy prwta andres, me xontra jyla sta xeria, "xtypoyn" to nero poy brisketai sthn akrh toy dromoy, brexontas th synodeia. To drwmeno teleiwnei me to eikoniko orgwma ths plateias kai th spora. H laikh ayth qrakikh latreia paroysiazei, epishs, emfanh ta gnwsta stoixeia toy arxaioy Dionysiasmoy. Oi ereynhtes toy eqimoy blepoyn ta paqh kai thn anastash toy Kalogeroy ws epibiwsh apo ta paqh kai thn paliggenesia toy qeoy Dionysoy.

    Parallhla, thn Kyriakh ths Tyrinhs kai thn Kaqara Deytera, sto xwrio Flampoyro anabiwnei to eqimo toy Mpampogeroy. O Mpampogeros stis Serres, se antiqesh me thn ypoloiph Ellada, symbolizei to kalo kai thn ygeia. H emfanish toy einai jexwristh kai parallhla tromaktikh. Einai ntymenos me mayra h kafe dermata aigoprobatwn kai apo th mesh toy kremontai diaforetikoy mhkoys koydoynia. Diakrinontai mono ta matia toy, afoy sto kefali toy foraei ena mayro, terastio mytero kapelo, peripoy triwn metrwn, stolismeno me xantres, kordeles kai manthlia.

    Nwris to prwi, o Mpampogeros, afoy parei thn eylogia ths manas toy, kateyqynetai sthn ekklhsia gia na parei th xarh ths Agias Annas, ths omwnymhs ekklhsias toy xwrioy, enw sth synexeia episkeptetai kaqe spiti toy xwrioy me skopo na skorpisei to kako kai na ferei tyxh kai ygeia.

    To eqimo toy Mpampogeroy oloklhrwnetai thn Kaqara Deytera, me ena megalo glenti, poy sthnetai sthn plateia toy xwrioy, dinontas stoys episkeptes thn eykairia na qaymasoyn ton peritexno kai monadiko xoro twn Mpampogerwn, alla kai thn eykairia na dokimasoyn nhstisima edesmata.

    ...Sth Zakynqo

    O myqos toy palioy Zakynqinoy karnabalioy exei na kanei perissotero me eqima, paradoseis kai xoroys kai ligotero me parelaseis kai entypwsiakes skhnografies. To karnabali htan palaiotera mia periodos cyxagwgias kai diaskedashs gia eygeneis kai laikoys me ntomina, laiko qeatro stoys dromoys kai eyrwpaikoys xoroys tis nyxtes.

    Oi seismoi toy 1953 oysiastika apekocan th sygxronh pragmatikothta apo thn palia benetsianikh paradosh toy ntomino kai twn xoroesperidwn sta apokaloymena kazina, poy den htan para kosmikes aiqoyses ths epoxhs, opoy syxnazan eygeneis kai astoi.

    Th qesh toys stadiaka arxisan na pairnoyn karnabalikes parelaseis, katb apomimhsh toy patrinoy karnabalioy poy ki ayto sthn prwimh morfh toy empneysthke apo tis xoreytikes paradoseis twn latinoamerikanikwn karnabaliwn. Wstoso, diaswqhke h ``khdeia ths Maskas'' kai oi ``Omilies'' poy den exoyn sxesh me kanenos eidoys dialejh, alla me ena eidos laikoy qeatroy sto dromo, paragwgo kai ayto ths mesaiwnikhs epoxhs sth Dysh.

    Oi xoroi, me thn parodo toy xronoy, metaferqhkan sta kosmika magazia kai gia toys zakynqinolatreis sthn aiqoysa toy Pneymatikoy kentroy poy gia polles dekaeties leitoyrghse ws aiqoysa ``kazinoy''.

    Bebaia, stoys dromoys oi eytrapeles karnabalikes prwtoboylies den diakriqhkan panta oyte gia thn aisqhtikh toys teleiothta, alla oyte kai gia to abiasto xioymor toys. Oi karnabalikes parelaseis mporei na eixan kefi kai zwntania, alla oxi aparaithtws aisqhtikh kai ...phgaio xioymor. Ola ayta ta "shkwne" to klima xarin ths eyqymias, mexri poy kapoioi eyfantastoi skefthkan oti yparxei lampro ypobaqro stis paradoseis kai thn istoria ap' opoy mporoysan na antlhsoyn nees idees.

    Etsi, gennhqhke o Benetsianikos Gamos to 2005, panw se mia idea poy eixe o zwgrafos Antwnhs Milanos kai sth synexeia h Gkiostra, h opoia apotelei sthn oysia anabiwsh enos poly palioy eqimoy ths benetsianikhs aristokratias, to opoio rizwse sto nhsi.

    Kai ta dyo drwmena exoyn fanatikoys yposthrixtes poy fqanoyn na antidikoyn metajy toys gia th gnhsiothta twn paradosewn poy ekfrazei to kaqena jexwrista.

    Omws, kai ta dyo kinoyntai se ena koino xrwma epoxhs me th morfh qeatrikoy drwmenoy, me synafh skhnografia kai parapompes se proswpa kai synhqeies poy ta kanoyn ajiagaphta.

    BENETSIANIKOS GAMOS

    Enas gamos anamesa stis arxontikes oikogeneies toy nhsioy apoteloyse -opws kai shmera-, ena apo ta pio kosmika gegonota ths epoxhs. H proetoimasia gia enan tetoio gamo arxize poly kairo prin, kaqws h nyfh kai oi ypoloipes gynaikes poy htan kalesmenes eprepe na arxisoyn na raboyn ta entypwsiaka toys foremata wste na einai etoimes kai na kanoyn probes poly prin th giorth. To idio isxye kai gia toys antres, kaqws kai aytoi eprepe na einai apolytws etoimoi kai oi endymasies na einai analoges ths koinwnikhs toys qeshs.

    O benetsianikos gamos apotelei ena drwmeno, poy mas metaferei ston 16o aiwna. H megaleiwdhs pomph toy benetsianikoy gamoy, arxizei apo thn plateia toy Agioy Payloy, sth synexeia diasxizei thn Alejandroy Rwma, poy einai o pio istorikos dromos ths polhs, kai katalhgei se mia apo tis kentrikes plateies ths Zakynqoy, thn plateia toy Agioy Markoy. Ekei, einai sthmenh mia skhnh, sthn opoia katalhgei olh h pomph toy gamoy. Sth synexeia, ginetai, me tis aparaithtes times, h teleth toy gamoy paroysia toy Nodaroy (symbolaiografoy). Ajizei na shmeiwqei oti h megaleiwdhs pomph toy gamoy anoigei me tympanistes kai shmaioforoys. Akoloyqoyn oi neonymfoi kai oi kontinoi syggeneis toys.

    H nona (giagia) metaferetai mesa se lentika (kleisto foreio ejairetikhs texnhs mesa sto opoio meteferan toys eygeneis), enw akoloyqoyn ta sentoykia ths nyfhs me ta proikia. Thn pomph plaisiwnoyn oi proskeklhmenoi, oi opoioi foroyn akribh antigrafa stolwn toy 16oy aiwna, enw koritsia kratoyn kanistra me rodopetala kai mpomponieres. Sth synexeia, akoloyqei to gamhlio glenti, me anagennhsiakoys xoroys kai polla topika paradosiaka edesmata opws einai ta zaxarokoyka (koyfeta), ortzades (soymada) kai pantoles (pantespani).

    H GKIOSTRA

    Oi ippikoi agwnes htan anekaqen oi pio probeblhmenoi se kaqe koinwnia kai kaqe epoxh.

    H gkiostra den einai para ena eidos ippikwn agwnwn, opoy dojazetai h dejiotexnia kai h akribeia toy ippoth na petyxei to mikro kriko poy kremetai sto chlo orizontio dokari enos ikriwmatos. Emfanisthke sta prwta xronia ths benetokrhtikhs periodoy me ola ekeina ta mesaiwnika xarakthristika, opoy sthn oysia oi ippeis h oi ippotes kontaroxtypiontan metajy toys. H gkiostra apoteloyse aqlhma mono gia eygeneis. Proiontos toy xronoy to aqlhma perase stoys laikoys, dixws omws toys traymatismoys kai ta aimata poy synepagotan to agwnisma sthn arxikh toy morfh.

    Ws eqimo diathrhse thn paradosh toy ws tis meres mas sto xwrio Skoylikado, opoy pragmatopoieitai to aqlhma toys qerinoys mhnes me eyqynh toy ekei politistikoy syllogoy.

    Ws karnabaliko drwmeno emfanisthke to 2007 parallhla me ton Benetsianiko Gamo kai me olh ekeinh th fantasmagorikh skhnikh paroysia ths benetsianikhs periodoy. Oi ippotes diagwnizontai me ta makria kontaria toys, gia thn akribeia me thn opoia qa mporesoyn na petyxoyn kai na parasyroyn to mikro kriko toy ikriwmatos.

    Tropaio toys sto drwmeno, arxika mia panemorfh kontesina kai argotera, gia na akoloyqhqei pista to gramma ths paradoshs, mia kalozymwmenh koyloyra.

    [06] "Aneparkh ta metra"

    Ta metra ths kybernhshs einai aneparkh kai apokleioyn thn xwra mas apo to ojygono pollwn disek. eyrw poy qa mporoysan na eisreysoyn kai na ths dwsoyn anaptyjiakh anasa, tonise o k. G. Karatzaferhs, apo to bhma ths Boylhs.

    ``O kindynos na breqei h Ellada sto periqwrio den exei apomakrynqei. Apo xqes zei me tis periorismenes dynatothtes enos anqrwpoy poy exei paqei egkefaliko kai qa einai h sto karotsaki h sto krebati. Mas epiblhqhke ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn mallon o k. Papadhmas kai ayta ola den dhmioyrgoyn ejairetikh eikona gia th xwra'', ypogrammise.

    Akoma, o proedros toy LAOS amfisbhthse oti me ta nea metra qa eispraxqoyn 4,5 disek eyrw kaqws opws eipe den yparxoyn foroeispraktikoi mhxanismoi kai epanelabe thn anagkh na akoloyqhsei h xwra mas to paradeigma allwn eyrwpaikwn xwrwn poy edwsan kinhtra gia epanapatrismo kefalaiwn.

    ``Oloi prepei na symbaloyme. Giati an pesei to PASOK peftei h Ellada. Qeloyme na petyxete. Kindyneyei h patrida. Deite realistika to problhma. Emeis qeloyme na bohqhsoyme. Prepei ligo keri na afairesete apo ta aytia sas giati den akoyte kala'', katelhje.

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn apantwntas se sxetikh epikairh erwthsh toy proedroy toy LA.O.S. ejefrase thn aisiodojia oti me ta metra poy phre h kybernhsh, h Ellada qa epanelqei se troxia anaptyjhs kai qa bgei apo th stenwpo toy dhmosionomikoy problhmatos.

    Aperrice thn protash toy k. G. Karatzaferh gia nea ryqmish me forologika kinhtra gia ton epanapatrismo kefalaiwn apo to ejwteriko, tonizontas oti hdh h kybernhsh prosanatolisthke se paromoia ryqmish me to forologiko nomosxedio, me apallagh toy ``poqen esxes'' kai me forologia 5%.

    Taytoxrona, o k. Papakwnstantinoy esteile neo mhnyma se osoys den ajiopoihsoyn th ryqmish ayth, oti h kybernhsh qa ejantlhsei kaqe meso, eite endiko eite energopoiwntas oles tis symfwnies kai apofaseis gia antallagh plhroforiwn kai prosbash sta stoixeia gia kefalaia poy briskontai sto ejwteriko, wste, opws eipe, na apokalyfqei toso h proeleysh toys oso kai oi katoxoi toys.

    [07] "Baqia yfesh"

    "H meiwsh kata 2,6 % toy AEP to teleytaio trimhno toy 2009 epibebaiwnei oti h ellhnikh oikonomia boyliazei kai kineitai se troxia eleyqerhs ptwshs", dhlwse o Pan. Lafazanhs, koinoboyleytikos ekproswpos SYRIZA kai ypeyqynos Oikonomikhs kai Koinwnikhs Politikhs toy SYN, sxoliazontas th meiwsh kata 2,6% toy AEP to teleytaio trimhno toy 2009, kai prosqese:

    "H kybernhsh efarmozontas metra ergasiakhs, koinwnikhs kai asfalistikhs katedafishs kai odhgwntas th xwra se mia idiomorfh oikonomikh katoxh, ginetai katejoxhn ypeyqynh gia thn eperxomenh baqia yfesh kai tis sklhres dokimasies poy anamenoyn toys ergazomenoys.

    O rolos toy prwqypoyrgoy ths xwras den einai na sxoliazei aplws tis akrws dysmeneis kai epikindynes ejelijeis gia tis opoies einai katejoxhn ypeyqynos, thn wra, malista, poy me eyqynh ths kybernhshs toy h Ellada exei metatrapei se ``mayro probato'' kai peiramatozwo gia mia eyrwpaikhs ekdoshs ``mpanania'' xwris ergasiaka kai koinwnika dikaiwmata"

    [08] Me broxes h ejodos

    Kykloforiakes ryqmiseis ths Troxaias isxyoyn, enocei ths ejodoy twn ekdromewn gia to trihmero ths ths Kaqaras Deyteras. Ayjhmenh einai kinhsh stis eqnikes odoys.

    Shmera kai thn Deytera apagoreyetai h kykloforia twn forthgwn aytokinhtwn me wfelimo fortio megalytero apo 1,5 tono se tmhmata twn eqnikwn odwn.

    Oi ekdromeis, wstoso, den qa exoyn symmaxo ton kairo. To Sabbato anamenontai nefwseis me broxes kai topikes kataigides sta dytika, ta nhsia toy anatolikoy Aigaioy kai ta Dwdekanhsa, enw stis ypoloipes perioxes oi nefwseis qa einai parodika parodika ayjhmenes me proskaires broxes sta boreia kai tis Kyklades. Xionia qa pesoyn sta boreia oreina.

    To apogeyma toy Sabbatoy anamenetai beltiwsh toy kairoy se olh th xwra, alla thn Kyriakh oi nefwseis baqmiaia qa pyknwsoyn kai qa shmeiwqoyn topikes broxes kai sporadikes kataigides arxika sta dytika kai apo to meshmeri sta kentrika kai boreia kaqws kai sta nhsia toy anatolikoy Aigaioy.

    Xionia qa pesoyn sta oreina ths kentrikhs kai boreias xwras kaqws kai se perioxes ths Makedonias me xamhlo ycometro. Ta fainomena piqanws kata topoys na einai isxyra.

    Oi broxes qa kanoyn thn emfanish toys kai thn Kaqarh Deytera, enw sto Ionio, ta hpeirwtika kai ta nhsia toy boreioy kai anatolikoy Aigaioy anamenontai kai topikes kataigides kai xionia sta oreina kaqws kai se perioxes ths kentrikhs kai boreias xwras me xamhlo ycometro. Stadiaka kai apo ta dytika o kairos qa paroysiasei beltiwsh.

    Me dyskolia h prosbash pros ta xionodromika kentra ths Kentrikhs kai ths Dytikhs Makedonias

    Kleistes einai oi odikes prosbaseis apo ton Agio Aqanasio kai thn Kerasia, pros to xionodromiko kentro Boras (Kaimaktsalan).

    Omala diejagetai h kinhsh twn oxhmatwn apo th Beroia pros to eqniko xionodromiko kentro toy Selioy, enw alysides apaitoyntai apo to dromo ths Naoysas.

    Me alysides ginetai h prosbash twn oxhmatwn pros to xionodromiko kentro ``3-5 Phgadia'', sto oros Bermio.

    Xwris alysides ginetai h prosbash twn oxhmatwn sto xionodromiko kentro ths Basilitsas, sto nomo twn Grebenwn, alla kai pros to xionodromiko kentro toy Lailia sto nomo Serrwn.

    Alysides apaitoyntai gia thn kinhsh twn oxhmatwn mesw Biglas, Bitsioy kai Nymfaioy sto nomo ths Flwrinas.

    [09] Nees aytoktonies

    Alles dyo aytoktonies ergazomenwn ths France Telecom klydwnizoyn ton idiwtikopoihmeno pleon thlepikoinwniako omilo. To kyma aytoktoniwn exei labei prwtofaneis diastaseis, kaqws apo to 2008 ews shmera exoyn balei telos sth zwh toys 42 melh toy proswpikoy.

    Ta dyo nea tragika peristatika gnwstopoihse thn Paraskeyh h France Telecom, anaferontas se anakoinwsh ths oti ``prokalesan megalh taraxh sth dieyqynsh kai sto proswpiko'' toy omiloy.

    Th dietia 2008-2009 katagrafhkan 35 aytoktonies ypallhlwn kai stelexwn ths etaireias, enw ton Ianoyario toy 2009 eqesan telos sth zwh toys alloi pente ypallhloi, symfwna me ta gallika mesa enhmerwshs.

    Thn Paraskeyh anakoinwqhke h aytoktonia enos stelexoys ths France Telecom, hlikias 32 etwn, poy ergazotan sth Ntizon. Epishs, enas 50xronos texnikos edwse telos sth zwh toy mesa se ena dasos.


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