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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-04-19

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Filellhnes, to prwto kinhma allhleggyhs sth newterh Istoria

    [01] Filellhnes, to prwto kinhma allhleggyhs sth newterh Istoria

    ``Sthn Ellada! Sthn Ellada! Antio oloi! H wra toy feygioy einai!

    Giati epiteloys, meta apb to aima toy martyrikoy aytoy laoy

    to eyteles to aima twn dhmiwn toy anablyzei!

    Sthn Ellada stoys filoys moy! Ekdikhsh! Eleyqeria!

    Toyrmpani sto kefali moy! Sto xeri moy h spaqa!

    Empros! Nato to alogo, poy kapoios to selwnei!

    (Biktwr Oygkw: ``Enqoysiasmos'')

    Toys eipan tyxwdiwktes, praktores jenwn dynamewn, anergoys stratiwtikoys poy poylagan thn texnh toys gia dyo dekares. Alloi toys kleidwsan sta sentoykia twn eqnikwn eortwn, latreis aploys mias arxaiothtas poy afypnisthke apo aiwnwn ypno. Oi basiliades toys kynhghsan h toys japosteilan mia wra arxytera apb tis xwres toys na toys jefortwqoyn. Htan oi Filellhnes, to prwto kinhma allhleggyhs sth newterh Istoria, poy h anasa toys akoysthke stis tesseris meries toy orizonta.

    To qayma ths yperisxyshs mias drakas epanastatwn enantia se mia Aytokratoria, me tonismena xrhsimoqhrika ta stoixeia ths eqnikhs yperhfaneias, odhghse syn tw xronw, sthn ypobaqmish toy paragonta ths dieqnoys allhleggyhs, poy synebale kaqoristika sthn ekbash toy Agwna, anoigontas emmesws to dromo gia koinwnikes ejelijeis ston idio ton prohgmeno kosmo.

    O filellhnismos, h sthrijh h kai h symmetoxh akoma, sthn ellhnikh Epanastash, jekina apo thn prwth kiolas stigmh ths ekdhlwshs ths kai synexizetai gia arketo kairo meta thn epikrathsh ths. Prwtoi synergates toy Alejandroy Ychlanth sto Kisiniof ths shmerinhs Moldabias, einai oi rwsoi antimonarxikoi ajiwmatikoi - oi ``dekembristes'' strathgoi Poystsin kai Orlwf - oi opoioi symfwnoyn na parasxoyn sto strateyma poy sygkrothse o ellhnas prwtepanastaths stratiwtikh kalych. Oi pantaxoy parontes praktores toy Metternix wstoso, qa anaferoyn tis epafes kai oi fileleyqeroi ajiwmatikoi qa metateqoyn. To kinhma twn Dekembristwn qa foyntwsei ws epanastatikh organwsh kai o hgeths toy, o poihths kai filellhnas Kontrat Rilegief, qa anebei sto tsariko ikriwma me poihmata toy Mpayron sthn tseph. Sto Kisiniof o Ychlanths qa gnwrisei kai ton perifhmo rwso poihth, Alejandro Poyskin, o opoios kai qa ymnhsei thn ellhnikh epanastash sta prwta ths bhmata:

    ``H xwra twn qewn kai twn hrwwn h xwra

    Flegetai apb th fwtia enos agwna wraioy,

    Spaei ta desma kai paei kai tragoydaei twra,

    Tyrtaio kai Byrwna kai qoyria toy Feraioy''.

    (Poyskin: ``Shkwsoy w Ellada!'' met. Str. Pasxalhs)

    To idio to strateyma toy Ychlanth, qa plaisiwsoyn xiliades Balkanioi, poy dieblepan sto epanastatiko prosklhthrio toy arxhgoy, th diejodo kai gia toys dikoys toys poqoys. Plai stoys Albanoys, Boylgaroys, Serboys, Mayroboynioys kai Moldaboys, apanta kaneis stoys katalogoys ths Filikhs Etaireias poy diaswqhkan kai enan mikro ariqmo epanastatwn apo pio makrines xwres, poy kataferan meta thn syntribh toy strateymatos toys sto Dragatsani, na perasoyn sth Rwsia: ton Fratsesko Saboni apo thn Ispania, ton Gallo nayth Zan Plosie, ton Italo Iwshf Spelti, ton Napolitano Aggelo Pinatelo, h ton Prwsso Frintix Gkents. Serboys kai Boylgaroys apantoyme sto tmhma toy Gewrgakh Olympioy kai toy Iwannh Farmakh poy synexisan ton agwna mexri to monasthri toy Sekoy, opws epishs kai sto tmhma toy Aqanasioy Karpenhsiwth, sto opoio symmeteixe o kai boylgaros armatwlos Intze Boebodas me ta palikaria toy.

    H ekrhjh ths ellhnikhs epanastashs, qa brei th Dysh sth dikh ths ``epoxh ths apelpisias'' (age of despair), me th mpota ths Ieras Symmaxias na syntribei otidhpote qa mporoyse na amfisbhthsei thn ejoysia twn Qronwn, apokatesthmenwn sthn palia toys aiglh meta apo th napoleonteio lailapa. H afijh toy Dhmhtrioy Ychlanth sthn Peloponnhso ton Ioynio toy 1821, qa ferei kai toys prwtoys dytikoeyrwpaioys polemistes: Einai o gallos syntagmatarxhs Olibie Boytie poy analambanei to prwto tmhma Pyrobolikoy ypo tis diatages toy kai o tagmatarxhs Mpaleste, palios ajiwmatikos toy Napoleonta poy prohxqh se syntagmatarxh. Mazi toys o Ychlanths qa sygkrothsei treis loxoys taktikoy stratoy - to prwto proplasma taktikoy strateymatos sthn Ellada. Ena xrono argotera, qa sygkrothqei kai to taktiko syntagma Pezikoy me epikefalhs ton italo syntagmatarxh Pietro Tarella. To syntagma ayto, mazi me alloys dyo loxoys eyrwpaiwn filellhnwn kai ena swma eptanhsiwn eqelontwn, polemhse sto Peta ths Artas stis 4 Ioylioy toy b22 ypo tis diatages toy germanoy strathgoy Karoloy Norman, plai stoys Ellhnes, toy Mpotsarh, toy Blaxopoyloy kai toy Gwgoy. Toys perimene h syntribh, en pollois ofeilomenh sthn egkataleich toy pedioy ths maxhs apo ton Gwgo, poy prosxwrhse sth synexeia stoys Toyrkoys. Apo toys peripoy 150 eyrwpaioys, swqhkan molis 8. Stoys nekroys sygkatalegetai enas efhbos 16 etwn, o Deiss apo thn Baimarh, enw o Norman poy epezhse, peqane liges meres argotera apo th qlich toy.

    Oiktro telos eixe kai h Germanikh Legewna, poy sygkrothqhke thn idia periodo apo tis filellhnikes Epitropes ths Germanias kai dekades alloi eqelontes poy erxontan sthn Ellada na prosferoyn tis yphresies toys, eite gia thn timh ths eleyqerias h toy stayroy, eite gia thn dafnh ths dojas, eite prosblepontas sthn mellontikh apokatastash poy etaze h ellhnikh kybernhsh. Sto ellhniko edafos, den toys perimene tipote allo, apo adiaforia, atajia, peina kai asqeneies. Polloi peqanan apb tis kakoyxies, alloi epestrecan pisw ekdidontas anqellhnika apomnhmoneymata. Oi martyries toys epeftan sto keno, mprosta sto diogkoymeno kyma enqoysiasmoy poy plhmmyrize toys fileleyqeroys ths Eyrwphs, me prwtoys toys Germanoys. Ki o qanatos toy Lordoy Mpayron sto Mesologgi, dhmioyrghse tis proypoqeseis, wste me thn alwsh ths polhs, oi Oqwmanoi na petyxoyn thn pleon pyrreia nikh toys: Ena gigantio kinhma diamartyrias, qa anagkasei ta siwphra anaktoboylia ths Dyshs, na topoqethqoyn kai o idios o misellhnas Meternix, qa anagkastei na diamhnysei ston Soyltano: ``Den qa mporoyme sto mellon na sas bohqhsoyme opws prin. Dystyxws, mesolabhse to Mesologgi''.

    H staqeropoihsh ths Epanastashs kai h strateysh twn pneymatikwn anqrwpwn ths Eyrwphs gia thn epityxia ths, qa anagkasoyn toys hgemones ths Eyrwphs na lysoyn th siwph toys, foboymenoi mia nea anataraxh, stis idies tis dikes toys koinwnies. Kinhqhkan wstoso arga - kai o rolos toys apokalyfqhke. O Biktwr Oygkw, afierwnei sto Mesologgi to ergo toy ``Ta kefalia toy Saragioy'' sta 1826 kai proeidopoiei: ``An h Eyrwph, penqoysa, den akoloyqhsei ta ixnh apb to agno aima mexri to Sarai, o Pantodynamos Qeos qa ths epifylajei mia metameleia pikrh!''. O poihths qa ymnhsei thn apostolh toy galloy strathgoy Karoloy Fabieroy, epikefalhs twn ellhnikwn taktikwn strateymatwn, sto poihma toy ``Enqoysiasmos''bŠ

    ``Odhga mas Fabiere, san prigkipas klhtos!

    Esy poy monos staqhkes sto posto, apb opoy oi basiliades apoysiasan!...''

    bŠkai den qa distasei na paradexqei pws h politikh toy metastrofh pragmatopoihqhke ena xrono meta thn ptwsh toy Mesologgioy.

    ``Eimai akoma to idio blemma, strammeno sb enan allo oyrano.

    Den ftaiw egw an to aiwnio galazio toy

    einai wraiotero apo ta tabania twn Bersalliwn sta matia moy

    poy anatrixiazoyn akoygontas aythn thn kraygh: Eleyqeria!''

    Xiliades anqrwpoi, apo thn Amerikh ws thn India ki apo th Rwsia ews thn Italia, sthrijan me kaqe tropo thn ellhnikh ypoqesh, stelnontas xrhmata, grafontas poihmata kai tragoydia, piezontas kybernhseis, ekdidontas efhmerides. Ekatontades apb aytoys, jecyxisan sta ellhnika edafh ws polemistes. O Deis me thn efhbikh cyxh, o Xastigj o atromhtos agglos ploiarxos ths ``Karterias'', o karmponaros Pietro Gkampa, syntrofos toy Mpayron apo thn Rabena, o komhs Santaroza, aristokraths me epanastatikes pergamhnes apb to Piemonte, o Iakwbos Magier poy esteile ``me kontyli kai me maxairi toy Telloy h patrida'', o sklhros Stefanos Adolfos-Sass apb th Gioytila ths Finlandias poy efyge prowra xtyphmenos, alimono, apo boli Soyliwth - kai tosoi alloi poy esbhsan anwnymoi mesa stoys anwnymoys.

    Kaqe 19 Aprilioy, eortazoyme th mnhmh toys. Ellhna, mhn toys jexnas.

    Keimeno: A. Makridhs


    Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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