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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-05-21

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Apofaseis gia thn oikonomikh diakybernhsh
  • [02] Cosco: Ependytika sxedia sthn Ellada
  • [03] Entash sthn Korea
  • [04] Nikh toy Ompama
  • [05] Pio konta sthn texnhth zwh

    [01] Apofaseis gia thn oikonomikh diakybernhsh

    Thn ekdosh eyrwomologwn anamenetai na antiproteinoyn oi eyrwpaikes xwres toy Notoy stis ``sklhres'' protaseis poy qa paroysiasei shmera h Germania gia th sthrijh toy eyrw. Ayto aneferan shmera diplwmatikes phges, ligo prin thn enarjh twn ergasiwn ths ``Omadas Drashs'' poy synedriazei stis Bryjelles, ypo thn Proedria toy Xerman Ban Rompei, me qema thn oikonomikh diakybernhsh ths EE kai thn enisxysh twn kanonwn toy Symfwnoy Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs.

    Sthn Omada Drashs symmetexoyn oi ypoyrgoi oikonomikwn ths EE, anamesa toys kai o Ellhnas ypoyrgos, Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy, ekproswpoi apo ta 27 krath melh, kaqws kai o Epitropos, armodios gia qemata oikonomikwn, Oli Ren. Opws anefere ekproswpos toy Proedroy ths EE, X. B. Rompei, ``mia apo tis pio prowqhmenes idees poy exoyn teqei sto trapezi twn diapragmateysewn einai h metatroph enos tmhmatos twn xrewn twn kratwn ths eyrwzwnhs se koino eyrwpaiko xreos''. O idios ekproswpos, wstoso, shmeiwse oti arketes xwres diafwnoyn me thn idea ayth, anamesa toys kai h Germania, h opoia katb epanalhch exei taxqei kata ths koinhs diaxeirishs dhmosiwn xrewn.

    H syzhthsh peri koinhs eggyhshs xrewn jekinhse sto telos toy 2008, me th morfh ``eyrwomologwn'', kratikwn titlwn dhladh poy qa ekdidoyn apo koinoy ta krath melh, gia na meiwsoyn ton kindyno xreokopias. Wstoso, h Germania, h opoia exei to xamhlotero kostos daneismoy sthn EE, eixe aporricei ejarxhs thn idea ekdoshs eyrwomologwn.

    Ejalloy, sto trapezi twn diapragmateysewn briskontai oi protaseis ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs peri enisxyshs ths dhmosionomikhs epopteias. Metajy allwn, h Epitroph proteinei apo to 2011 oi proypologismoi twn xwrwn ths eyrwzwnhs na lambanoyn thn egkrish twn Bryjellwn, prin akoma chfistoyn apo ta eqnika koinoboylia. Epipleon, h Epitroph proteinei thn perikoph twn koinotikwn xrhmatodothsewn gia tis xwres poy parabiazoyn toys kanones toy Symfwnoy Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs, kati to opoio briskei symfwnes arketes xwres ths eyrwzwnhs.

    Wstoso, h Germania proteinei akomh pio aysthres kyrwseis gia tis xwres poy emfanizoyn systhmatika yperbolika elleimmata. Oi kyrwseis poy proteinei h Germania jekinoyn apo thn apwleia toy dikaiwmatos chfoy sta Symboylia Ypoyrgwn, gia ena xrono kai ftanoyn mexri thn ``elegxomenh ptwxeysh'' mias yperxrewmenhs xwras toy eyrw. Protash, thn opoia arketoi ermhneyoyn ws ejanagkasmo mias xwras se apoxwrhsh apo th Nomismatikh Enwsh.

    Oi germanikes protaseis exoyn xarakthristei apo tis kybernhseis toy eyrwpaikoy Notoy ``akraies'', ypo thn ennoia oti gia na yioqethqoyn apaiteitai allagh ths Synqhkhs ths EE.

    Apo thn pleyra ths h Gallia qewrei oti qa prepei na doqei megalyterh prosoxh sto qema ths oikonomikhs anaptyjhs kai ths antagwnistikothtas twn eyrwpaikwn xwrwn. Parallhla, h Gallia den krybei thn enoxlhsh ths gia th monomerh apofash ths Germanias na periorisei thn pwlhsh kerdoskopikwn xrhmatooikonomikwn proiontwn. Gib aytoys toys logoys, allwste, oikonomikoi analytes kai diplwmates kanoyn logo gia nea periodo tribhs stis sxeseis Gallias - Germanias.

    Germania: Egkriqhke to sxedio bohqeias

    H anw boylh toy germanikoy koinoboylioy, h Mpoyntesrat, enekrine shmera to nomo poy epitrepei sth Germania na symbalei sto paketo twn 750 disekatommyriwn eyrw gia na bohqhsei sthn prostasia toy eyrw.

    H Mpoyntesrat, opoy ekproswpoyntai ta omospondiaka kratidia, synedriase ektaktws gia na egkrinei to nomosxedio. Den xreiasthke na chfisei, efoson den yphrxe antiqeth qesh. Nwritera to nomosxedio eixe yioqethqei apo thn Mpoyntestagk, thn katw boylh, kai twra qa to ypogracei o Proedros ths Germanias Xorst Keler gia na ginei nomos.

    Neyrikothta stis xrhmatagores

    Oi agores antidroyn me neyrikothta logw twn dhmosionomikwn problhmatwn se xwres melh ths Eyrwzwnhs, alla kai twn diafwniwn ston tropo antimetwpishs ths krishs.

    Sto Tokio o deikths Nikkei ekleise me apwleies 2,45%, stis 9.784 monades "An o deikths Nikkei sto xrhmatisthrio toy Tokio ypoxwrhsei stis 9.500 monades, qa shmanei synagermos gia mia endexomenh xrhmatopistwtikh krish" ektima o Kazoyxiro Takaxasi.

    Sto xrhmatisthrio ths Neas Yorkhs o biomhxanikos deikths Dow Jones epese shmera katw apo tis 10.000 monades, gia prwth fora apo tis 6 Maioy.

    Sthn Eyrwph, opoy xqes kategracan megalh ptwsh ta xrhmatisthria, oi megales agores shmera katagrafoyn miktes taseis, me apwleies h kerdh se oriako epipedo.

    Anodika, pantws, kinhqhke shmera to eyrw enanti toy dolarioy aggizontas to ychlotero epipedo ths teleytaias ebdomadas. To apogeyma to eyrw diapragmateyotan sta 1,2560 dol. apo to epipedo twn 1,2487 dol. poy ekleise arga xqes to brady sthn agora ths Neas Yorkhs. H endeiktikh isotimia eyrw/ dolarioy poy anakoinwse h Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh Trapeza diamorfwqhke sta 1,2497 dolaria.

    Sthn Aqhna, me anodo ekleisan oi times twn metoxwn sthn teleytaia synedriash ths ebdomadas, h opoia xarakthrisqhke apo ychlh metablhtothta. O Genikos Deikths Timwn ekleise stis 1.595,10 monades shmeiwnontas anodo se pososto 0,81%.

    [02] Cosco: Ependytika sxedia sthn Ellada

    Thn ikanopoihsh toy apo tis epafes poy eixe me ton proedro ths Dhmokratias Karolo Papoylia, ton prwqypoyrgo kai ypoyrgoys ths kybernhshs kata thn trihmerh paroysia toy sthn Ellada ejefrase o proedros kai dieyqynwn symboylos ths Cosco Goyei Ziafoy, se dhlwsh toy meta th synanthsh poy eixe me ton k. Papandreoy sto Megaro Majimoy.

    O k. Ziafoy anefere oti enhmerwse ton prwqypoyrgo oti apo ton Ianoyario ews ton Aprilio poy exei analabei h etaireia thn problhta 2 sto limani toy Peiraia h paragwgikothta exei ayjhqei kata 43%.

    Symfwna me ton k. Ziafoy o k. Papandreoy ejefrase thn ikanopoihsh toy gia ayto to gegonos kai o proedros ths Cosco toy yposxeqhke oti qa thrhsei osa problepontai apo th symfwnia.

    Epipleon, o k. Ziafoy eipe oti aytes tis meres dexetai arketes protaseis gia ependytika sxedia, metajy twn opoiwn ston tomea toy limanioy, toy sidhrodromoy kai toy aerodromioy kai epeshmane oti kapoia apo ayta empiptoyn stis armodiothtes toy kai kapoia oxi. "Xreiazomaste bohqeia apo thn pleyra sas gia na feroyme kapoia project sthn Kina", eipe o k. Ziafoy kai anefere oti qa ta metaferei thn pleyra ths Kinas.

    Prosqese de oti ta opoia sxedia prepei na akoloyqoyntai apo tis aparaithtes meletes me koino stoxo thn amoibaia wfeleia (win-win situation).

    Kaqe xwra kata thn periodo anatajhs ths synanta empodia, alla o hgeths kai o laos briskontai sthn idia barka, anefere o k. Ziafoy kai prosqese oti pisteyei oti h Ellada qa jeperasei grhgora tis dyskolies.

    Klhqeis na steilei mhnyma stoys ergazomenoys sto limani toy Peiraia o proedros kai dieyqynwn symboylos ths Cosco eipe oti yparxei lampro mellon gia aytoys kai anaferqhke sthn ayjhsh ths paragwgikothtas ths problhta 2 mesa stoys 4 prwtoys mhnes toy etoys.

    Eipe akoma oti h etaireia exei hdh proslabei peripoy 300 ntopioys ergazomenoys kai tonise oti den qa ferei ergazomenoys apo thn Kina.

    Ejalloy, sth synanthsh me ton prwqypoyrgo symmeteixe metajy allwn kai o dieyqynwn symboylos ths Piraeus Container Terminal S.A., Li Keqiang.

    Epafes twn antiproswpeiwn ths Cosco Group OLP AE

    Oloklhrwqhkan oi synanthseis twn antiproswpeiwn ths Cosco Group, ypo to capt. Wei Jiafu kai toy OLP AE, ypo ton k. Giwrgo Anwmerith.

    Shmeiwnetai oti h Cosco Group anakoinwse epishma oti o staqmos emporeymatokibwtiwn ths ston Peiraia qa apotelesei thn kyria pylh ths Cosco gia th Notia kai Kentrikh Eyrwph, th Boreia Afrikh kai tis gyrw perioxes, ston opoio qa exoyn amesh anafora, plhn ths Cosco kai oi omiloi ths Apw Anatolhs: K-Line (Iapwnia), YML (Korea) kai Hanjin (Korea). O staqmos emporeymatokibwtiwn ths Cosco qa ergazetai mono me Ellhnes texnikoys kai limenergates, o de ariqmos twn ergazomenwn qa anelqei se 650. Kai oi dyo pleyres (OLP kai Cosco), oi opoies qa sylleitoyrgoyn stoys problhtes I kai II, qa katabaloyn kaqe prospaqeia kalhs synergasias, symfwna me tis politikes prowqhshs pwlhsewn mias ekasths.

    Opws anaferetai se sxetikh anakoinwsh, to endiaferon twn dyo pleyrwn, peran apo thn ejetash twn qematwn toy ependytikoy programmatos toy OLP AE, epikentrwqhke se dyo, kyriws, meizona qemata.

    H prwth afora th synergasia ths "Cosco Logistics Co." kai ths neoidryqeisas qygatrikhs toy OLP AE, "Etairia Syndyasmenwn Metaforwn kai Diaxeirishs Emporeymatwn AE" (Logistics OLP AE), kaqws kai th synejetash ths synergasias toys gia to emporeymatiko kentro toy Qriasioy. Kai oi dyo pleyres ejefrasan to endiaferon toys kai mexri thn ekdosh ths sxetikhs prokhryjhs paraxwrhshs qa synexisoyn tis anagkaies diadikasies diereynhshs ths symmetoxhs toys sto ergo.

    H deyterh aforoyse th synergasia ths neoidryqeisas qygatrikhs etairias toy OLP AE, "Nayphgoepiskeyastikes Yphresies AE" (NAYSOLP) me tis etairies ths Cosco "Ship-Trade Co." kai "Shipyard Group Cosco", gia qemata texnikhs synergasias, episkeyhs kai synthrhshs ploiwn sthn Ellada, kaqws kai gia thn paradosh dejamenhs, typoy Panamax, sth NEZ.

    Gia ta ypoloipa erga, oi dyo pleyres qa exoyn seira newn synanthsewn gia kaqe ergo ejeidikeymena, mesw twn qygatrikwn etairiwn ths Cosco.

    O capt. Wei ejefrase th desmeysh oti oles oi ependyseis ths Cosco qa ylopoihqoyn sto akeraio, oson afora ton Peiraia (problhtes II kai III), symfwna me toys oroys ths symbashs paraxwrhshs, kai oti prosblepei sthn aristh synergasia me thn OLP AE. Kai oi dyo pleyres ejefrasan thn ikanopoihsh toys gia thn prowqhsh twn koinwn toys stoxwn.

    Synanthsh A. Samara me ton proedro ths Cosco

    Synanthsh me ton proedro ths Cosco, Captain Wei Jiafu, eixe o proedros ths Neas Dhmokratias, Antwnhs Samaras, sta grafeia toy kommatos, sth Rhgillhs. O k. Samaras kaloswrise ton proedro ths Kinezikhs etairias, epishmainontas pws kaloswrizei kai tis kinezikes ependyseis sthn Ellada, alla kai thn allagh stashs oswn kapote ``amfisbhthsan thn anagkh ayths ths ependyshs kai poy shmera, eytyxws, kai ekeinoi qewroyn anagkaia''.

    ``Emeis sth Nea Dhmokratia pantote, me synepeia, eipame oti tetoies ependyseis einai, oxi monon polyshmantes enocei malista twn dyskolwn oikonomikwn katastasewn poy pername, alla tis qewrhsame kai poly shmantikes, gia to gegonos oti deixnoyn akribws thn embeleia, to ektopisma, to baqos ths gewstrathgikhs qeshs ths xwras mas'', tonise o k. Samaras.

    Apo thn pleyra toy o proedros ths COSCO eyxaristhse to komma ths Neas Dhmokratias, giati -opws eipe- ``einai to komma poy efere thn kinezikh etairia sthn Ellada'', enw eyxaristhse kai ton filo toy -opws eipe- Kwsta Karamanlh. ``Den jexnw thn istoria kai th sthrijh ths kybernhshs ths ND sthn ependysh ths etairias'', epishmane o Captain Wei Jiafu.

    Sth synanthsh meteixan o ekproswpos ths Neas Dhmokratias, boyleyths Bb Aqhnwn, P. Panagiwtopoylos, o ypeyqynos toy Tomea Politikhs Eyqynhs Naytilias, boyleyths Lasiqioy, Iw. Plakiwtakhs, kai o dieyqynths toy politikoy grafeioy toy proedroy ths Neas Dhmokratias, K. Arbanitopoylos.

    [03] Entash sthn Korea

    O ypoyrgos Amynas ths Notias Koreas dhlwse shmera oti h Seoyl "qa kanei thn Boreia Korea na plhrwsei" ton torpilismo ths notiokoreatikhs korbetas Cheonan, me 46 nekroys, enw enisxyontai oi dieqneis pieseis epi toy kommoynistikoy kaqestwtos ths Piongkgiangk.

    Taytoxrona, h ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn twn HPA Xilari Klinton, h opoia episkeptetai to Tokio, dhlwse shmera oti h Boreia Korea "prepei na egkataleicei thn proklhtikh ths stash".

    "H Boreia Korea jeperase ta oria kai gia mia tetoia prajh qa thn kanoyme na plhrwsei", eixe dhlwsei prohgoymenws o notiokoreaths ypoyrgos Amynas Kim Tae-Gioyngk, prosqetontas oti metajy twn problepomenwn metrwn perilambanetai h epibolh symplhrwmatikwn kyrwsewn enantion ths Piongkgiangk apo to Symboylio Asfaleias toy OHE.

    Apo thn pleyra toy o proedros ths Notias Koreas Li Mioyngk-Mpak xarakthrise to nayagio "stratiwtikh proklhsh poy synista parabiash toy Xarth twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn, ths synqhkhs ekexeirias toy Polemoy ths Boreias Koreas kai ths diakoreatikhs symfwnias plaisioy toy 1991".

    Wstoso, fainetai oti h Seoyl exei apokleisei to endexomeno stratiwtikhs apanthshs, apo to fobo genikeymenhs syrrajhs. "To peristatiko ayto einai toso sobaro poy prepei na einai eimaste poly synetoi ws pros ton tropo diaxeirishs toy", eipe o notiokoreaths proedros.

    H dioikhsh twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn sth Notia Korea, poy elegxetai apo thn Oyasingkton, dhlwse shmera oti qa anaptyjei epi topoy "mia eidikh omada ereynas" gia na ejetasei ta apotelesmata ths dieqnoys, ypo th Seoyl, ereynas kai "na prosdiorisei ton baqmo parabiashs ths ekexeirias (toy 1953)".

    Gia deyterh fora se diasthma dyo hmerwn, h Piongkgiangk arnhqhke opoiadhpote anameijh sto nayagio ths korbetas kai kathgorhse th Seoyl gia "kataskeyh" apodeiktikwn stoixeiwn dhlwnontas oti oi dyo xwres briskontai pleon "sta proqyra toy polemoy".

    Anwtatos ajiwmatoyxos ths Notias Koreas dhlwse oti h epiqesh enantion ths korbetas apotelei prajh ekdikhshs poy syndeetai me ena epeisodio sta qalassia synora twn dyo Korewn, kata th diarkeia toy opoioy boreiokoreatiko peripoliko skafos tylixqhke stis floges.

    Stoxos toy torpilismoy htan "h apokatastash ths timhs toy stratoy kai h anycwsh toy hqikoy toy", dhlwse o strathgos Xoyangk Goyon-Ntongk, dieyqynths ths yphresias plhroforiwn amynhs ths Notias Koreas.

    H Oyasingkton proeidopoihse xqes oti h boreiokoreatikh epiqesh "qa exei anamfibola synepeies", dieykrinizontas oti h amerikanikh dynamh 28.000 andrwn poy brisketai sth Notia Korea den exei teqei se katastash synagermoy.

    H Xilari Klinton, h opoia pragmatopoiei periodeia sthn Asia, arxizontas apo thn Iapwnia, qa episkefqei sth synexeia thn Kina kai th Notia Korea kai qa exei sto Pekino synomilies gia to nayagio ths notiokoreatikhs korbetas.

    H Notia Korea anakoinwse xqes oti exei apodeiktika stoixeia oti ypobryxio ths Boreias Koreas mphke sta xwria ydata ths Notias Koreas kai torpilise thn korbeta, ton perasmeno Martio.

    H Seoyl eixe pantws katasthsei safes oti den exei sxedia gia stratiwtikh epiqesh antipoinwn, lambanontas ypoch tis synepeies poy qa eixe mia polemikh anametrhsh gia thn oikonomia ths xwras poy brisketai se fash anakamchs.

    Anti ths stratiwtikhs apanthshs, h Notia Korea deixnei diaqesh na askhsei pieseis sth dieqnh koinothta gia thn epibolh perissoterwn kyrwsewn enantion ths Boreias Koreas.

    Symfwna me toys analytes, h Kina, kyrios symmaxos ths Boreias Koreas, einai piqanon na yposthrijei sto Symboylio Asfaleias toy OHE thn epibolh symplhrwmatikwn kyrwsewn, alla kyrio melhma ths einai h diasfalish ths staqerothtas sthn perioxh. Xqes, to Pekino aphyqyne pros oles tis pleyres ekklhsh gia aytosygkrathsh.

    [04] Nikh toy Ompama

    H amerikanikh Geroysia enekrine xqes to brady th megalyterh metarryqmish toy xrhmatopistwtikoy systhmatos twn HPA apo th dekaetia toy '30, poy apoteloyse nomoqetikh proteraiothta toy proedroy Mparak Ompama.

    Oi geroysiastes yioqethsan me 59 chfoys yper kai 39 kata to nomosxedio, liges wres meta thn prwth chfoforia poy eqese telos stis syzhthseis epi toy nomosxedioy.

    H Geroysia prepei twra na prosarmosei th dikh ths ekdoxh toy nomosxedioy sto nomosxedio poy yioqethqhke ton perasmeno Dekembrio apo th Boylh twn Antiproswpwn, prin to keimeno diabibasqei ston Leyko Oiko gia na epikyrwqei apo ton proedro Ompama.

    "Den qa einai pleon dynaton na stoixhmatizoyn me ta xrhmata twn anqrwpwn", dhlwse o hgeths ths dhmokratikhs pleiochfias Xari Reint stoys dhmosiografoys meta thn oloklhrwsh ths chfoforias. "Otan ayto to nomosxedio qa exei epikyrwqei, to ronteo sth Goyol Strit qa exei teleiwsei".

    O Xari Reint epainese epishs toys tesseris "qarraleoys" repoymplikanoys poy chfisan yper toy nomosxedioy. Dyo dhmokratikoi , o opoioi hqelan na pragmatopoihqoyn chfofories epi twn dikwn toys tropologiwn, edwsan, wstoso, arnhtikh chfo.

    O Mparak Ompama ejefrase xqes meta thn prwth chfoforia ths oloklhrwshs twn syzhthsewn ekfrazontas thn ikanopoihsh toy gia to gegonos oti oi prospaqeies twn "ordwn twn lompi" ths Goyol Strit den katorqwsan na empodisoyn thn chfish toy nomoy.

    Ean tesseris repoymplikanoi geroysiastes chfisan yper toy nomosxedioy , h chfoforia shmadeyqhke apo th diatypwsh ojeias kritikhs ek meroys ths ypoloiphs antipoliteyshs kata toy nomosxedioy. "Ayto to nomosxedio apeilei na epibradynei thn oikonomikh anaptyjh, dioti qetei ena ryqmistiko fortio stis epixeirhseis, megales h mikres, dhlwse o repoymplikanos geroysiasths Ritsarnt Selmpi enwpion ths Geroysias dhlwnontas oti "oi Amerikanoi ajizoyn kati kalytero".

    To nomosxedio, to opoio exei ws stoxo na empodisei thn epanalhch ths xrhmatopistwtikhs krishs toy fqinopwroy 2008, problepei kyriws thn dhmioyrgia enos organismoy prostasias toy katanalwth xrhmatopistwtikwn yphresiwn stoys kolpoys ths omospondiakhs kentrikhs trapezas, ths Fed. Empodizei epishs th diaswsh megalwn xrhmatopistwtikwn oikwn me xrhmata twn forologoymenwn.

    Problepei aysthrotero elegxo ths terastias agoras twn paragwgwn, ta opoia qa diatiqentai pleon mono mesw diafanwn diadikasiwn kai oxi mesw idiwtikwn symfwniwn. Kai apagoreyei stis trapezes na qetoyn se kykloforia, ena eidos paragwgwn, ta swaps.

    To teleytaio ayto metro qewreitai drakonteio, den ejasfalizei koinoboyleytikh synainesh kai einai piqanon na tropopoihqei kata th diarkeia twn diapragmateysewn me th Boylh twn Antiproswpwn.

    Kata th diarkeia twn triwn teleytaiwn ebdomadwn oi geroysiastes ejetasan peri tis 60 tropologies. Dekades alla metra poy eixan protaqei apokleisqhkan.

    Metajy twn ryqmisewn poy egkriqhkan einai ena keimeno poy exei ws stoxo na wqhsei th Fed se megalyterh diafaneia, mesw mias plhroys epiqewrhshs poy qa pragmatopoihqei apo to elegktiko synedrio twn HPA se diasthma enos etoys.

    Allh tropologia dinei ston amerikano ekproswpo sto Dieqnes Nomismatiko Tameio th dynatothta na enantiwnetai se epixeirhseis "diaswshs jenwn xwrwn" me epibarynsh toy amerikanoy forologoymenoy mesw daneiwn toy DNT, ean qewreitai piqanon oti ta daneia ayta den qa apoplhrwqoyn.

    Allo metro problepei th dieykolynsh toy ergoy ths Omospondiakhs Epitrophs Dieqnoys Emporioy, qematofylaka ths thrhshs twn kanonwn toy antagwnismoy, wste na enisxyqei h prostasia toy katanalwth.

    Allo keimeno exei ws stoxo thn apotelesmatikoterh plaisiwsh twn oikwn ajiologhshs dhmioyrgwntas mia metabatikh ontothta anamesa stoys idioys kai toys xrhmatopistwtikoys qesmoys poy ajiologoyn.

    [05] Pio konta sthn texnhth zwh

    Amerikanoi episthmones, meta apo polla xronia ereynwn, katorqwsan, gia prwth fora, na dhmioyrghsoyn ena synqetiko zwntano kyttaro, ena shmantiko episthmoniko oroshmo poy fernei ena bhma pio konta sthn texnhth zwh.

    Oi ereynhtes, ypo ton dra Kregk Benter, o opoios eixe prwtostathsei kai sthn anagnwsh toy anqrwpinoy gonidiwmatos, enw to 2003 eixe dhmioyrghsei ton prwto synqetiko io, aneptyjan texnhta to genetiko "logismiko" (gonidiwma) enos bakthrioy kai sth synexeia to eishgagan se ena kyttaro. Dhmioyrghqhke etsi ena mikrobio me synqetiko DNA, poy den apotelei akoma mia plhrws texnhth zwh, alla anoigei to dromo gi' aythn sto mellon.

    "Prokeitai gia to prwto ayto-anaparagomeno eidos ston planhth mas, toy opoioy o pateras einai enas kompioyter", dhlwse o Benter. To epiteygma twn ereynhtwn toy Institoytoy Kregk Benter, poy paroysiasthke sto periodiko "Science", symfwna me to BBC kai to praktoreio Roiter, xairetisthke san shmantiko episthmoniko bhma, omws oi epikrites epeshmanan oti h dhmioyrgia synqetikwn organismwn genna polloys kindynoys. Apo thn pleyra toys, oi ereynhtes eyelpistoyn oti o sxediasmos texnhtwn bakthriakwn kyttarwn qa epitrecei thn anaptyjh newn farmakwn, alla kai kaysimwn, enw mporei na bohqhsei akoma kai sthn aporrofhsh twn "aeriwn toy qermokhpioy" kai sthn klimatikh allagh.

    Sto synqetiko kyttaro toy Benter, mono to gonidiwma einai pragmatika synqetiko. Opws eipe o Benter, einai san na dhmioyrgei kaneis neo "logismiko" gia ena kyttaro. Oi ereynhtes antegracan ena yparxon bakthriako gonidiwma, sth synexeia apokwdikopoihsan ton genetiko kwdika toy kai xhmika anakataskeyasan ena antigrafo toy.

    Opws anefere o Benter, me ton tropo ayto dhmioyrgoyntai texnhta xrwmoswmata poy "metafyteyontai" se ena kyttaro ypodoxhs, apotelwntas etsi ena diaforetiko organismo, kaqws to kyttaro "diabazei" to diaforetiko gonidiwma poy exei eisaxqei se ayto kai metatrepetai pleon se neo eidos zwhs me bash tis entoles toy neoy synqetikoy genetikoy kwdika. Einai h prwth fora, opws tonise o prwtoporos (kai amfilegomenos) amerikanos genetisths, poy ena synqetiko DNA elegxei plhrws ena zwntano kyttaro.

    O Benter ektimhse oti h anakalych toy mporei na odhghsei se mia nea biomhxanikh epanastash. "An mporoyme ontws na kanoyme ta kyttara na paragoyn o,ti qeloyme, qa mporoysan na mas bohqhsoyn na jefortwqoyme to petrelaio kai na antistrecoyme ena meros ths zhmias sto periballon, mesw aporrofhshs toy diojeidioy toy anqraka (s.s. apo synqetikoys mikro-organismoys, opws eidika fykia)".

    Hdh to Institoyto toy Benter synergazetai me etairies petrelaioeidwn kai farmakeytikes etairies gia thn anaptyjh bakthriwn poy qa paragoyn enallaktika kaysima, nea farmaka kai embolia.

    Oi epikrites omws qewroyn oti ypertimatai h shmasia ths anakalychs kai ypotimwntai oi dynhtikoi kindynoi, qewrwntas oti h apeleyqerwsh newn organismwn sto periballon mporei na apobei katastrofikh, dhmioyrgwntas ena neo eidos molynshs, alla kai kindynoys gia thn ygeia, kaqws epishs apeiles neoy typoy bio-tromokratias. Omws o Benter yposthrizei oti o idios prwtostatei, wste na yparjoyn oi katallhles ryqmiseis kai oi hqikoi periorismoi se kratiko epipedo poy qa diasfalizoyn to neo episthmoniko pedio.

    H armodia epitroph toy Kogkresoy twn HPA programmatise hdh akroash gia thn epomenh ebdomada, prokeimenoy na syzhthsei tis epiptwseis ths neas anakalychs, enw o proedros Ompama zhthse apo thn epitroph biohqikhs twn HPA na melethsei to zhthma kai na apofanqei.

    Link: Gia thn prwtotyph episthmonikh ergasia (me syndromh) sth dieyqynsh: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/science.1190719


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