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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-05-25

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Apo to 2015 to neo asfalistiko, leei h troika
  • [02] Paratash sthn Ejetastikh
  • [03] "Eyrwpaikh anakamch"
  • [04] Arxizoyn oi synomilies

    [01] Apo to 2015 to neo asfalistiko, leei h troika

    Thn efarmogh toy neoy asfalistikoy apo to 2015 kai oxi to 2018, plhrh syntajh sta 40 xronia ergasias, meiwsh twn tameiwn se tria xwris ejaireseis kai perikopes syntajewn gia diazeygmenes kai agames kores dhmosiwn ypallhlwn kaqws kai twn syntajewn xhreias, zhta h troika toy DNT, ths EKT kai ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs me epistolh poy apesteile stoys ypoyrgoys Oikonomikwn kai Ergasias, opws anefere o k. Andreas Loberdos se synenteyjh ston thleoptiko staqmo ANT1. Eidikotera h troika toy DNT, ths EKT kai ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs zhta:

    - Na efarmosqei h asfalistikh metarryqmish se olh ths thn ektash apo to 2015 kai oxi to 2018.

    - Na dinetai plhrhs syntajh ystera apo 40 xronia ergasias kai na epiballetai poinh 6% ethsiws gia toys ergazomenoys poy syntajiodotoyntai prowra (prin apo ta 65).

    - Na meiwqoyn ta asfalistika tameia se tria (misqwtoi, aytoapasxoloymenoi kai agrotes), xwris ejaireseis gia opoiondhpote klado.

    - Na meiwqoyn oi syntajeis gia diazeygmenes kai agames kores dhmosiwn ypallhlwn.

    - Na meiwqoyn oi syntajeis xhreias, oi opoies na mhn dinontai prin ta 50 eth, kai basei eisodhmatikwn krithriwn gia katw twn 65 etwn.

    - Na efarmostei h asfalistikh metarryqmish.

    O ypoyrgos Ergasias ypogrammise oti h kybernhsh qa kanei o,ti mporei gia na mhn perasoyn oi allages aytes, idiws gia to "calidisma" twn syntajewn. Yparxoyn anoixtes syzhthseis me thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph se o,ti afora ryqmiseis toy Asfalistikoy, tonise o k. Loberdos.

    O k. Loberdos anaferqhke kai stis allages poy prowqoyntai stis ergasiakes sxeseis, kaqws exei aposteilei epistolh se syndikata kai ergodotes gia synanthsh stis 31 Maioy.

    To neo asfalistiko nomosxedio prokeitai na katateqei sth Boylh meta apo diaboyleysh, enw anamenetai na chfistei sta mesa Ioynioy.

    Osa anaferontai sthn en logw epistolh ths Troika, einai kata bash ta osa exoyn symfwnhqei sto mnhmonio to opoio exei ypogracei h Ellada me thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph, thn Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh Trapeza kai to Dieqnes Nomismatiko Tameio, anefere shmera stis Bryjelles ekproswpos ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs.

    O ekproswpos ths Epitrophs prosqese oti sthn epistolh den yparxei kanena neo stoixeio kai shmeiwse oti analoges epistoles entassontai sto plaisio ths stenhs synergasias poy exoyn oi koinotikes yphresies me tis ellhnikes arxes, me stoxo thn apolyth thrhsh toy programmatos poy exei symfwnhqei.

    ``Den syzhteitai tipota, yparxoyn symfwnhqenta ta opoia einai ta mona poy isxyoyn. O, ti einai sto nomosxedio kai sto mnhmonio einai ayta poy symfwnhqhkan'', dhlwse o kybernhtikos ekproswpos Giwrgos Petalwths erwthqeis an h kybernhsh syzhta kapoies apo tis protaseis gia to asfalistiko, poy anaferontai sthn epistolh ths troikas.

    ``O armodios ypoyrgos A. Loberdos poy diaxeirizetai to poly kayto qema toy asfalistikoy, eipe to aytonohto, oti yparxei ena mnhmonio poy exei ypografei apo thn ellhnikh kybernhsh kai apo thn troika'', anefere o k. Petalwths erwthqeis me poio skeptiko o ypoyrgos Ergasias apokalyce to periexomeno ths epistolhs ths troikas (EE -EKT - DNT).

    O k. Petalwths tonise oti apo ekei kai pera to qema ths epistolhs einai ektos twn symfwnhqentwn kai oti h kybernhsh exei na antitajei epixeirhmata apenanti se ayta poy zhtoyntai kai anaferontai sthn epistolh ``kai ayto qa fanei me thn analogistikh meleth h opoia exei ola ta exeggya kai tis proypoqeseis ths asfaleias kai ths pragmatikhs ajiopistias''.

    Eipe akomh pws to oti prospaqei akoma h kybernhsh na balei qema diaswshs ths ajiopistias mas einai ena gegonos, ``emeis omws exoyme proxwrhsei hdh, yparxoyn symfwnhqenta panw sta opoia kinoymaste''.

    ``Emeis den kanoyme mystikes symfwnies, einai safes pws o,ti peftei sthn antilhch mas to anaferoyme'', ypogrammise.

    Sxetika me to an gnwrize h kybernhsh kata thn diarkeia twn diapragmateysewn prin thn ypografh toy mnhmonioy, ayta poy zhtoyntai shmera, o k. Petalwths tonise oti oi diapragmateyseis katelhjan se ena mnhmonio, to opoio h kybernhsh exei ypogracei me thn troika.

    ``Pisteyoyme oti sto telos den qa yparxoyn alla zhthmata giati yparxei analogistikh meleth poy milaei me ariqmoys'', eipe.

    ``H symfwnia fainetai poia einai, apo th stigmh poy yparxoyn ypografes katw apo to mnhmonio, ola ta alla einai apokyhma ths fantasias oswn ta diadidoyn'', shmeiwse o ekproswpos.

    Tonise de oti ``emeis o,ti symfwnhsame perase apo th Boylh''.

    Erwthqeis gia to xarakthra ths epistolhs, o k. Petalwths anefere oti ``einai mia epistolh poy qetei sygkekrimena zhthmata, emeis omws leme oti yparxei keimeno poy exei symfwnhqei kai isxyei o,ti exei symfwnhqei''.

    Se symplhrwmatikh erwthsh gia to ti qa ginei ean den peisqei h troika apo ta epixeirhmata ths kybernhshs ``apo th stigmh poy ws ena baqmo exei ekxwrhqei meros ths eqnikhs mas kyriarxias'', o k. Petalwths tonise oti h kybernhsh den exei ekxwrhsei kamia ejoysia kai pws ta epixeirhmata ths einai safh kai perilambanontai sthn analogistikh meleth.

    ``Afhste na apanthsoyme prwta kai meta qa doyme'', eipe o k. Petalwths erwthqeis giati h epistolh den epistrefetai ws ``aparadekth''.

    Akomh, o k. Petalwths eipe oti den qa yparxoyn nea metra kai prosqese oti ``ayto poy leme einai eggyhsh''.

    Sxetika me dhlwsh toy yfypoyrgoy Oikonomikwn k. F. Saxinidh oti apo thn poreia twn metrwn qa ejarthqoyn o 13os kai 14os misqo ston idiwtiko tomea, o ekproswpos eipe oti "h poreia toy Programmatos Staqerothtas einai fysika h aytonohth proypoqesh gia na pane ta pragmata opws ta exoyme dromologhsei" kai oti "to megalo stoixhma mas einai h ylopoihsh toy PSA kai o,ti exei symperilhfqei se ayto".

    Epipleon, sxetika me to ean apotelei pylwna h synainesh kai gia to asfalistiko, o k. Petalwths shmeiwse oti ena apo ta zhtoymena ths kybernhshs einai h synainesh kai twn ergazomenwn kai twn ergodotwn kai ypogrammise oti h synainesh prepei na synodeyetai kai apo ypeyqynothta.

    Telos, erwthqeis ean oi nees diatajeis toy asfalistikoy qa isxysoyn kai gia toys ypallhloys ths Boylhs, o k. Petalwths anefere oti to nomosxedio qa katateqei poly syntoma.

    Amesa sth Boylh to n/s gia ta oria hlikias

    Amesa qa katateqei sth Boylh apo to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn to nomosxedio gia thn ejiswsh twn oriwn hlikias syntajiodothshs andrwn kai gynaikwn sto Dhmosio, enw, opws epishs egine gnwsto apo to ypoyrgeio, einai piqanon sto sygkekrimeno nomosxedio na yparxoyn kai alles genikoteres diatajeis sxetikes me to asfalistiko.

    Parallhla, isws kai entos ths trexoysas ebdomadas qa synedriasei to ypoyrgiko symboylio, me antikeimeno to programma apokratikopoihsewn, to anoigma twn "kleistwn epaggelmatwn" kai thn efarmogh twn desmeysewn toy mnhmonioy me thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, to Dieqnes Nomismatiko Tameio kai thn Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh Trapeza. Se eyqeto xrono, ejalloy, to Dhmosio qa prosfygei stis dieqneis agores gia daneismo mesw entokwn grammatiwn mono, kaqws den einai stis kybernhtikes proqeseis h ekdosh kai dhmoprasia makroxroniwn titlwn (omologwn).

    Antidraseis ths antipoliteyshs

    Tis antidraseis ths antipoliteyshs prokalesan oi dhlwseis toy k. Loberdoy gia to asfalistiko.

    Gia "epikoinwniaka texnasmata toy k. ypoyrgoy qa spernoyn anasfaleia kai paniko se ekatontades xiliades ergazomenoys", kanei logo se anakoinwsh ths h ND.

    O ypeyqynos toy Tomea Politikhs Eyqynhs Ergasias kai Koinwnikhs Asfalishs ths Neas Dhmokratias, boyleyths Kykladwn, k. Iwannhs Broytshs, se dhlwsh toy anaferei sygkekrimena:

    "O k. Loberdos se prwinh ekpomph, apofeygontas prohgoymenws kaqe dialogo kai kaqe diaboyleysh, anaferqhke se nea "epaxqh metra" poy, opws, eipe toy epiballontai apo thn Eyrwph. Kai thn idia stigmh probainei se leontarismoys, dhlwnontas oti qa peisei thn Eyrwph oti ta nea ayta metra den einai aparaithta.

    Ma ean pragmati den einai aparaithta kai ean pragmati -opws ofeilei- peisei gi ayto toys Eyrwpaioys, tote gia poio logo prokalei sto eyry koino twn asfalismenwn nea anastatwsh kai nea sygxysh;

    Mexri pote ta epikoinwniaka texnasmata toy k. ypoyrgoy qa spernoyn anasfaleia kai paniko se ekatontades xiliades ergazomenoys; Epiteloys, ligh sobarothtab¦"

    "Enas eniaios foreas Ygeias gia oloys, katarghsh twn enshmwn kai bebaiws ta kefalaia ta opoia xreiazontai gia thn iatrofarmakeytikh periqalch na proerxontai apo ena pososto epi toy tziroy o opoios dienergeitai sth xwra. Ola ta alla einai protaseis xwris prooptikh kai xwris mellon", ektima o LA.O.S.

    "Dystyxws h ektimhsh pws h poreia ektamieyshs twn daneiwn apo ton ypotiqemeno mhxanismo sthrijhs qa synodeyetai apo nea epaxqestera metra epibebaiwnetai dramatika sthn periptwsh toy asfalistikoy kai twn ergasiakwn sxesewn", anaferei se anakoinwsh toy o SYN.

    Diaboyleysh gia ta ergasiaka

    O ypoyrgos Ergasias kai Koinwnikhs Asfalishs k. Andreas Loberdos apesteile prosklhsh stoys Proedroys ths GSEE, ESEE, GSEBEE kai SEB sto plaisio ths diaboyleyshs gia qemata ths agoras ergasias. H synanthsh gia thn enarjh ths diaboyleyshs kaqoristhke gia th Deytera 31 Maioy stis 10:00 to prwi.

    Sthn epistolh, poy apesteile o k. Loberdos anaferei pws epi taphtos qa teqoyn h diadikasia prosfyghs ston Organismo Mesolabhshs kai Diaithsias, h ayjhsh toy orioy twn apolysewn stis periptwseis omadikwn apolysewn, o kaqorismos toy ycoys kai toy tropoy katabolhs ths apozhmiwshs toy apolyomenoy, metra apotrophs apolysewn ergazomenwn megalhs hlikias poy briskontai sto stadio prin th syntajiodothsh toys anejarthta an prokeitai gia omadikes h memonwmenes apolyseis.

    Parallhla, qa teqoyn o kaqorismos twn orwn apasxolhshs kai toy katwtatoy hmeromisqioy twn newn hlikias katw twn 25 etwn poy eiserxontai sthn agora ergasias gia prwth fora, o kaqorismos twn en genei orwn apasxolhshs kai asfalishs twn apasxoloymenwn se symbaseis maqhteias, h diarkeia twn opoiwn den mporei na einai anwterh toy etoys kai o kaqorismos ths anwtaths diarkeias twn symbasewn orismenoy xronoy.

    Epishs, o ypoyrgos prosqetei pws me thn eykairia ayth qa teqei ws zhthma pros syzhthsh h peraiterw enisxysh toy roloy toy Swmatos Epiqewrhshs Ergasias kai anadiorganwsh toy me stoxo na ginei dynath h apotelesmatikoterh ekplhrwsh toy elegktikoy ergoy toy.

    -

    [02] Paratash sthn Ejetastikh

    Thn paratash ergasiwn gia mia ebdomada, zhthse apo ton Proedro ths Boylhs kai ejasfalise h Ejetastikh Epitroph diereynhshs toy skandaloy ths Monhs Batopaidioy kai ths limnhs Bisqwnidas. H ekpefrasmenh boylhsh twn melwn ths na kinoyntai me omofwnes apofaseis, apetrece thn oiadhpote anafora ths sthn kataqesh ths Stamatinas Mantelh - to polyselido yliko ths opoias diabibasthke shmera sthn Epitroph - an kai profanws gia ta ypoloipa kommata plhn ths ND, apotelei to kyriarxo stoixeio gia th lhch ths sygkekrimenhs apofashs.

    Ajizei na shmeiwqei, pws gia tis kataqeseis, to periexomeno twn opoiwn aptontai Ejetastikwn Epitropwn ths Boylhs, o nomos toy Xarh Kastanidh gia ta metra epieikeias oswn symballoyn sthn apokalych prajewn diafqoras, (epi prokeimenw ths kas Mantelh) problepei thn epibolh meiwmenwn poinwn stoys kathgoroymenoys, efoson h ekastote Ejetastikh Epitroph krinei ta prosferomena stoixeia eparkh, ystera apo thn gnwmodothsh Efeth, ston opoion anatiqetai ereyna akribws gia thn diapistwsh ths eparkeias twn stoixeiwn.

    Se synenteyjh Typoy prin thn synedriash ths Ejetastikhs Epitrophs, oi boyleytes ths Neas Dhmokratias poy metexoyn sb aythn, me epikefalhs ton N. Dendia, prosdiorisan thn stash ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs, opws diamorfwnetai apo tis ejelijeis, xwris na apostoyn toy porismatos poy eixe yioqethsei h Nea Dhmokratia ws pleiochfia kata thn prohgoymenh Ejetastikh. Sto plaisio ayto, anagnwrizoyn politikes eyqynes se osoys exoyn ypogracei tis prajeis twn antallagwn, enw elegxoyn kai thn shmerinh kybernhsh gia epiloges h paraleiceis toy nyn ypoyrgoy Oikonomikwn, G. Papakwnstantinoy (s.s. akyrwsh ths epistrofhs ths megalhs pleiochfias twn paraxwrhqentwn ektasewn sto Dhmosio protimwntas thn dikastikh diekdikhsh toys, paraleich dienergeias forologikwn elegxwn sth Monh epi ena ejamhno). Plhn twn politikwn eyqynwn wstoso, oi boyleytes ths Neas Dhmokratias den anagnwrizoyn poinikes eyqynes stoys prwhn ypoyrgoys toy kommatos toys, efb oson h apopoihsh ths Bisqwnidas kai twn paralimniwn ektasewn apo to Dhmosio, oloklhrwqhke epi ypoyrgias Ap. Fwtiadh to 2003. ``An eginan ypertimologhseis ths Bisqwnidas, h ypotimologhseis twn akinhtwn poy anthllaghsan me to nero kai tis parakties ektaseis ths, ayto qa prepei na diereynhqei se sxesh me paraleiceis yphresiakwn paragontwn kai oi ypeyqynoi qa prepei na logodothsoyn'' anaferqhke sth synenteyjh, ek parallhloy me kataggelia ths ryqmishs Kastanidh, h opoia katb aytoys synista ``prosklhthrio ceydoys'': ``Einai dikaiwma toy kathgoroymenoy, akoma kai na ceydetai gia na yperaspistei th qesh toy - alla na antiparatassoyme kathgoroymeno gia tria kakoyrghmata me aithma na klhqoyn prwhn Prwqypoyrgoi, yperbainei ta eskammena'' ektimhse o kos Dendias.

    Paromoia aisqhsh fainetai na kyriarxhse argotera kai kata thn synedriash ths Ejetastikhs, opoy ta kommata, exontas symfwnhsei na kinoyntai me omofwnes diadikasies, den synainesan sthn protash toy Aq. Pleyrh (LAOS) gia klhsh toy Kwsta Karamanlh. Opws egine gnwsto, to KKE krathse stash oydeterothtas, enw o SYRIZA qewrhse pws prwhn Prwqypoyrgos, qa eprepe na klhqei sthn Epitroph, monaxa ean yphrxan yponoies poinikwn eyqynwn gib ayton. Oso gia to PASOK, yposthrije pws o prwhn Prwqypoyrgos, kalo qa htan na topoqethqei oikeioqelws me ypomnhma gia thn ypoqesh sthn opoia empleketai to prwqypoyrgiko toy grafeio, an kai o idios proswpika, ektimatai pws ``den exei kati na syneisferei me kataqesh toy''.

    Sto parapanw plaisio, ektimatai pws mexri thn epomenh Trith, qa yparjoyn diaboyleyseis, prokeimenoy na syntaxqei, an oxi koino porisma, toylaxiston koines ``symperasmatikes qeseis''. Pros thn kateyqynsh ayth, kineitai opws egine gnwsto, shmerinh apofash toy PASOK na anagnwrisei meridio politikwn eyqynwn ston prwhn yfypoyrgo Oikonomikwn, Apostolo Fwtiadh, epi twn hmerwn toy opoioy oloklhrwqhke h apopoihsh ths Bisqwnidas apo pleyras Dhmosioy - kai paroti ths apofashs ayths, akoloyqhse argotera mia anapomph poy den hre thn eilhmmenh apofash.

    Se o,ti wstoso afora thn systash Proanakritikhs Epitrophs, me stoxo thn diereynhsh poinikwn eyqynwn politikwn proswpwn, h symfwnia anamesa sta dyo megalytera kommata paramenei mallon adynath, dedomenhs ths mexri stigmhs epimonhs toys, na ejairoyn mias endexomenhs Proanakritikhs Epitrophs, dikoys toys prwhn ypoyrgoys.

    [03] "Eyrwpaikh anakamch"

    Thn anagkh mias ``ejypnhs'' dhmosionomikhs prosarmoghs, oytws wste na enisxyqei h empistosynh sthn oikonomikh anakamch ths Eyrwphs epanelabe, shmera, o Epitropos, armodios gia qemata Oikonomias, Oli Ren, se koinh toy synenteyjh Typoy me thn ypoyrgo Oikonomikwn ths Ispanias, Elena Salgado, sto plaisio toy ethsioy oikonomikoy foroym twn Bryjellwn.

    Prohgoymenws, kata thn omilia toy sto foroym, o k. Ren epanelabe oti ``epeita apo enan xrono baqias yfeshs, h eyrwpaikh oikonomia exei arxisei na anakamptei'', shmeiwnontas, wstoso, oti ``h anaptyjh paramenei eyqraysth''. Symfwna me ton Epitropo Oikonomias, oi prospaqeies twn kratwn melwn ths EE qa prepei na epikentrwqoyn sth dhmosionomikh prosarmogh, sth desmeysh aysthrwn diarqrwtikwn metarryqmisewn kai sthn enisxysh ths oikonomikhs diakybernhshs ths EE.

    Eidikotera, se o,ti afora tis diarqrwtikes metarryqmiseis, o Oli Ren epishmane oti, symfwna me ektimhseis ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, an ta epomena pente xronia sthn EE pragmatopoihqoyn qarralees diarqrwtikes metarryqmiseis, o ryqmos oikonomikhs anaptyjhs qa ftasei to 2% thn epomenh dekaetia, gegonos poy qa odhghsei sthn ayjhsh ths apasxolhshs kata 3%. ``Se diaforetikh periptwsh, h oikonomikh anaptyjh qa anelqei molis se 0,5% thn epomenh dekaetia'', katelhje o k. Ren.

    Thn pepoiqhsh oti h Ellada qa jeperasei thn krish me thn ypeyqynothta poy epideiknyei h ellhnikh kybernhsh alla kai thn allhleggyh thn opoia ekfrazoyn oi eyrwpaioi etairoi, ejefrase shmera stis Bryjelles o proedros toy Eyrwpaikoy Symboylioy Xerman Fan Rompei.

    Eidikotera, se omilia toy sto ethsio Oikonomiko Foroym twn Bryjellwn, o X. Rompei eipe oti me tis apofaseis poy elabe h EE gia thn ellhnikh oikonomia dhmioyrghqhke ena ``dixty prostasias'' poy dinei th dynatothta sthn Ellada ``na balei tajh sta toy oikoy ths''.

    ``Me tis apofaseis mas epideijame synesh kai qarros'', eipe o proedros toy Eyrwpaikoy Symboylioy o opoios anagnwrise akomh oti h ejeyresh lyshs gia apotelesmatikh drash gia thn ellhnikh krish yphrje xronobora kai o syntonismos ena dyskolo egxeirhma.

    Synocizontas tis apofaseis ths EE gia thn antimetwpish ths krishs o X.Rompei yposthrije oti h EE epraje to kaqhkon ths kaqws o kindynos ejaplwshs ths einai sobaros kai synista mia shmantikh apeilh gia to eyrw. Symfwna me ton proedro toy Symboylioy, ``h EE agorase xrono me aytes tis apofaseis gia perisyllogh kai drash kai twra einai h stigmh na ajiopoihsoyme ayto to xrono me ton katallhlo tropo''.

    Megales apwleies stis xrhmatagores

    Megalh ptwsh katagrafhke shmera sta eyrwpaika xrhmatisthria poy ekleisan ola me meion, to opoio ofeiletai kyriws sthn synexh anhsyxia twn agorwn gia thn tyxh toy eyrw kai deytereyontws sth dienejh metajy ths Boreias kai ths Notias Koreas.

    Sto Xrhmatisthrio toy Milanoy o deikths barometro FTSE ekleise me meion 3,40% stis 18.382 monades.

    Sth Madrith o deikths Ibex-35 ekleise me meion 3,05% stis 9.004,4 monades.

    Sto Parisi h ptwsh eftase to -2,90%, enw sth Frankfoyrth o deikths DAX epese kata 2,34% kai ekleise stis 5.670,04 monades.

    Sto xrhmatisthrio ths Aqhnas, o Genikos Deikths Timwn ypoxwrhse se nea xamhla etoys kai ekleise stis 1.539,90 monades shmeiwnontas apwleies se pososto 3,46%.

    Ypoxwrhsh toy eyrw enanti toy dolarioy

    To apogeyma to eyrwpaiko nomisma diapragmateyotan sta 1,2234 dolaria apo to epipedo twn 1,2372 dolariwn poy ekleise arga xqes to brady sthn agora ths Neas Yorkhs. Sth diarkeia ths hmeras to eyrw ypoxwrhse ews kai ta 1,2178 dolaria kaqws enteinetai h anhsyxia gia to endexomeno ejaplwshs ths krishs Xreoys ston Eyrwpaiko Noto. Taytoxronws oi prooptikes anakamchs ths eyrwzwnhs paramenoyn lian episfaleis. H endeiktikh isotimia eyrw/ dolarioy poy anakoinwse h Eyrwpaikh Kentrikh Trapeza diamorfwqhke sta 1,2223 dolaria.

    H proeidopoihsh toy Dieqnoys Nomismatikoy Tameioy pros thn Ispania gia na proxwrhsei me pio apofasistika metra sthn qwrakish toy pistwtikoy ths systhmatos eneteine thn anhsyxia twn ependytwn. Hdh tesseris Ispanikes trapezes (saving bank) etoimazontai na synenwsoyn tis dynameis toys prokeimenoy na dhmioyrghsoyn mia isxyrh ontothta me energhtiko anw twn 135 dis. eyrw.

    "Den yparxei kamia apeilh gia th zwnh toy eyrw", dhlwnei o genikos dieyqynths toy Dieqnoys Nomismatikoy Tameioy (DNT) Ntominik Stros Kan, meta kai th nea ptwsh twn dieqnwn xrhmatisthriwn kai toy eyrw.

    Dieyrynei ta metra kata twn kerdoskopwn h Germania

    H Germania sxediazei na epekteinei ta metra poy anakoinwse thn perasmenh Trith gia na antimetwpisei thn kerdoskopia stis agores metoxwn kai omologwn, symfwna me dhmosieyma ths efhmeridas Financial Times. To dhmosieyma anaferei oti h germanikh kybernhsh qa apagoreysei thn pwlhsh metoxwn apo ependytes poy den tis exoyn sthn katoxh toys - to legomeno short selling ( anoixtes pwlhseis) - gia to synolo twn etairikwn titlwn poy diapragmateyontai sta xrhmatisthria ths xwras.

    Prin apo mia ebdomada, h germanikh Epitroph Kefalaiagoras (BaFin) anakoinwse thn apagoreysh toy short selling (anoixtes pwlhseis) gia tis metoxes twn deka megalyterwn etairiwn toy xrhmatopistwtikoy kladoy ths Germanias, kaqws epishs kai gia ta kratika omologa twn xwrwn ths Eyrwzwnhs. Epishs, anakoinwse thn apagoreysh agoras twn legomenwn asfalistrwn enanti kindynoy xreokopias (credit default swaps h CDS) mias xwras ths Eyrwzwnhs, efoson o ependyths den exei sthn katoxh toy kratika omologa ths sygkekrimenhs xwras. H monomerhs kinhsh ths Germanias prokalese anastatwsh stis eyrwpaikes kai dieqneis kefalaiagores, kaqws qewrhqhke ws aifnidiastikh. Wstoso, eixe se genikes grammes qetikh aphxhsh stis alles xwres ths Eyrwphs.

    Symfwna me toys Financial Times, oi epoptikes arxes twn kefalaiagorwn twn xwrwn ths Eyrwphs diejagoyn entatikes diaboyleyseis se sxesh me ta metra poy ejhggeile h Germania kai einai piqanh h anakoinwsh mias eyryterhs synergasias metajy toys, akomh kai entos ths ebdomadas. Sto idio dhmosieyma anaferetai oti h germanikh kybernhsh epiqymei na katasthsei ta metra kata ths kerdoskopias monima, me th chfish sxetikoy nomoy apo th Boylh ton epomeno mhna.

    Ejaggelloyn metra litothtas kai perikopes

    Metra litothtas me perikopes dis. eyrw ejaggelloyn oi eyrwpaikes kybernhseis, akoma kai xwres ektos ths eyrwzwnhs.

    To Dieqnes Nomismatiko Tameio (DNT) synesthse sthn Ispania na proxwrhsei se "epeigoyses" metarryqmiseis prokeimenoy na beltiwsei th leitoyrgia ths agoras ergasias kai to trapeziko systhma ths, epeita apo mia apostolh sth xwra.

    O ispanos prwqypoyrgos Xose Loyis Rodrigeq Qapatero tonise pws h kybernhsh toy paramenei ametakinhth ws pros thn ylopoihsh toy paketoy meiwsewn kata 15 dis.eyrw twn dhmosiwn dapanwn, para thn piesh twn ergatikwn enwsewn, oi opoies diamhnyoyn pws qa khryjoyn genikh apergia ean den aposyrqei to sxedio.

    O bretanos ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Tzortz Osmporn dhlwse oti qa anakoinwsei perikopes twn dapanwn kata 6,2 disekatommyria lires efetos kai oti to megalytero meros apo ta xrhmata ayta qa xrhsimopoihqoyn gia th meiwsh toy elleimmatos toy proypologismoy.

    H Germania proxwra se meiwsh toy proypologismoy ews to 2014.

    Sthn Italia, to ypoyrgiko symboylio, poy synedriazei to apogeyma, prokeitai na egkrinei ektakta oikonomika metra gia thn erxomenh dietia, synolikoy ycoys 24 dis.eyrw.

    Symfwna me ta osa dhmosieyei shmera o italikos typos, prokeitai na apofasisqei perikoph ths tajhs toy 10% stis apodoxes twn ypoyrgwn, pagwma enos etoys stoys misqoys twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn, ejamhniaia anabolh stis syntajiodothseis oswn apasxoloyntai sto dhmosio, perikopes stis anaphrikes syntajeis kai bohqhmata (qa xorhgoyntai monon se opoion dhlwnei ligotero apo 25.000 eyrw ethsiws). Qa katablhqei, epishs, ektetamenh prospaqeia gia ton entopismo adhlwtwn akinhtwn.

    O yfypoyrgos para tw prwqypoyrgw Tzanni Letta, dhlwse oti "prokeitai gia sklhra metra, ta opoia elpizoyme oti qa exoyn proswrino xarakthra. Metra poy lambanontai gia na mhn kindyneysei na breqei, h Italia, sthn katastash ths Elladas".

    H Dania qa meiwsei apo tessera se dyo xronia th diarkeia paroxhs epidomatos anergias, anakoinwse shmera h kybernhsh ths xwras sto plaisio mias symfwnias me thn akra dejia gia thn yioqethsh enos programmatos dhmosionomikhs litothtas.

    To programma ths Danias exei stoxo na meiwsei to elleimma ths xwra katw apo to 3% toy AEP mexri to 2013, anti gia to 5,5% opws eixe problefqei arxika, ejoikonomwntas synolika 3,2 disekatommyria eyrw mexri to 2013.

    Ektos apo tis allages sto epidoma anergias, problepetai pagwma ths bohqeias poy dinetai se trites xwres sta epipeda toy 2010, epibolh plafon sta oikogeneiaka epidomata, anabolh toy metroy meiwshs twn forwn gia ta ychla eisodhmata kai meiwsh kata 5% twn misqwn twn ypoyrgwn.

    Oikonomologoi proeidopoioyn kata twn yperbolikwn metrwn litothtas sthn Eyrwph

    Oi ekklhseis twn oikonomologwn kata toy ``zhloy'' poy epideiknyoyn oi eyrwpaikes kybernhseis gia thn efarmogh twn programmatwn litothtas, ta opoia krinoyn epikindyna, pollaplasiazontai: h litothta, sthn opoia aytes asmenws symparatassontai prokeimenoy na apokatastaqei h klydwnizomenh anaptyjh kai ajiopistia twn agorwn sth Ghraia Eyrwph, einai dyskolo na thrhqei.

    Ean h Eyrwph efarmosei ``ena syntonismeno sxedio litothtas'' ``diatrexei ton kindyno mias katastrofhs'', me thn anaptyjh ths na telmatwnetai kai thn anergia na ektinassetai, proeidopoiei o nompelistas oikonomologos Giozef Stigklits.

    Paromoies proeidopoihseis eixe diatypwsei kai o epikefalhs oikonomologos toy DNT Olibie Mplansar, gia ton opoio ``o kindynos elloxeyei sthn periptwsh, poy katw apo thn piesh twn agorwn, orismenes xwres deixnoyn yperballonta zhlo gia litothta''.

    ``Den einai da kai qesfaton oti prepei swnei kai kala na exei meiwqei sto 3% to dhmosio elleimma toys to 2012,h to 2013'', opws epitassoyn oi Bryjelles, proeidopoiei ki apo thn pleyra toy o dieyqynths toy DNT Ntomnik Stros-Kan.

    ``Ta programmata litothtas einai toso aysthra, poy ean efarmosqoyn kai malista taytoxrona se olhn thn Eyrwph, tote o antiktypos sthn anaptyjh oxi monon thn eyrwpaikh, alla kai ston ypoloipo kosmo, mporei na dhmioyrghsei mia troxopedh sthn anakamch'', dhlwnei kai h Lorans Mpoyn ths Barclays Capital.

    Gia thn idia, kaqws h Eyrwzwnh antiproswpeyei to 22% toy pagkosmioy AEP, oi dieqneis synallages kindyneyoyn apo thn katastash sthn Eyrwph, kaqoti h krish ``mas exei didajei poso shmantikoi einai oi diayloi metadoshs ths mesw toy antiktypoy sthn empistosynh''.

    ``Sthn Ellada katesth anagkaio na meiwqoyn oi dhmosies dapanes kai ayto endexetai na anaqermanei thn anaptyjh'', ektima o kaqhghths sto London School of Economics Antrioy Skot. Apenantias omws `` h prosarmogh mporei na ginei me akomh pio proodeytiko tropo, den qa prepei na lambanontai polla metra twra enw exei anakoinwqei ena sxedio se enan pentaeth, h dekaeth orizonta''.

    Epipleon, symfwna me ton Eli Koen toy gallikoy Eqnikoy Kentroy Episthmonikwn Ereynwn (CNRS), ta mona ``pragmatika drastika'' metra poy exoyn anakoinwqei einai ths Elladas, ths Ispanias kai ths Portogalias. ``Kaitoi dysaresta, ayta ta sxedia einai dikaiologhmena'', prosqese o idios.

    Oi alles xwres, opws h Germania, h Ollandia, h h Aystria ``den exoyn kanena logo na laboyn metra litothtas'' kai den ``prepei na yparxei kanenas logos gia noshrh diadosh poy qa tis wqhsei na to kanoyn'', proeidopoiei o idios. Idiaitera eyaisqhto einai ayta ta metra gia th Gallia kai th Bretania.

    `` Oi kybernhseis aytwn twn xwrwn anakoinwsan metra, poy xarakthrizontai qarralea gia thn enqarrynsh twn agorwn. Omws en tois pragmasin, ta metra ayta den einai kai toso qarralea oso afhnoyn na ennohqoyn. Epi toy parontos ta metra ayta einai omoiopaqhtika se sxesh me ta shmantika toys elleimmata kai xreh'', tonizei o Skot.

    Idiws, oi stoxoi poy exoyn xaraxqei den einai oyte ylopoihsimoi, oyte kai dikaiologhmenoi. ``Den exei nohma na estiazoyme apokleistikws ston stoxo toy elleimmatos sto 3% toy AEP'', tonizei o idios, ypenqymizontas pws ta dhmosia logistika exoyn ektroxiasqei polles fores ejaitias ths krishs.

    [04] Arxizoyn oi synomilies

    Se estiatorio poy brisketai sth ``nekrh zwnh'' ths Leykwsias deipnhsan apoce oi hgetes twn dyo koinothtwn ths Kyproy, D.Xristofias kai Nt.Erogloy. Oikodespoths htan o eidikos symboylos toy GG toy OHE Al.Ntaoyner.

    Kai oi dyo hgetes proserxomenoi sto deipno aneferan oti einai mia koinwnikh ekdhlwsh sthn opoia qa doqei eykairia ths proswpikhs toys gnwrimias, kaqws ayrio qa pragmatopoihqei h prwth synanthsh toys sto plaisio twn apeyqeias diapragmateysewn.

    Oi k.k. Xristofias kai Erogloy synodeyontan apo tis syzygoys toys Ersi kai Emeral. Sto deipno parakaqisan, epishs, kai oi symboyloi twn dyo hgetwn k.k. Iakwboy kai Ozersai me tis syzygoys toys.


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