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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-05-26

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Einai h wra twn rizikwn anatropwn"
  • [02] Drastika metra gia eisprajh dhmosiwn esodwn
  • [03] Se efarmogh to programma TEMPME
  • [04] Paratash gia Batopedi
  • [05] Metra litothtas kai sthn Italia
  • [06] Aimathra epeisodia sth Tzamaika
  • [07] Ta "petrina xronia" twn metanastwn sth Germania
  • [08] "Meiwsh ths spatalhs"
  • [09] Erwthsh gia thn oikonomia
  • [10] "Allagh politikhs"
  • [11] "Sklhrotera metra"
  • [12] Se kalo klima
  • [13] Klimakwsh ths entashs

    [01] "Einai h wra twn rizikwn anatropwn"

    Ypo thn proedria toy prwqypoyrgoy, synerxetai stis 11.00 to Ypoyrgiko Symboylio se atyph synedriash.

    ``Proypoqesh gia ejodo ths xwras apo thn krish'', ``epanastash dhmokratias'', ``qemelio liqo ths neas Elladas poy xtizoyme'', ``koryfaia politikh epilogh, syndeomenh me thn Ellada ths anaptyjhs, ths eynomias kai ths koinwnikhs dikaiosynhs'' - yphrjan merikoi apo toys xarakthrismoys poy xrhsimopoihse o k. G. Papandreoy gia to sxedio "Kallikraths", paroysiazontas to sthn Olomeleia toy Koinoboylioy.

    Parallhla, afierwse megalo meros ths omilias toy epitiqemenos kata ths Neas Dhmokratias, gia thn epilogh ths na antitaxqei sto sxedio, kathgorwntas thn pws apofeygei na analabei tis eyqynes ths gia ton eksygxronismo ths xwras, opws tis apefyge kai ws kybernhsh:

    ``H ajiwmatikh antipoliteysh, erxetai na pei to ``oxi'', poy akoloyqei ta polla ``oxi'' gia ton Kapodistria, to ASEP, ton forologiko nomo, akoma kai thn chfish toy nomosxedioy gia thn kyrwsh toy mnhmonioy prosfyghs sto mhxanismo sthrijhs. Ayto to ``oxi'' einai mia akatanohth maxh kata ths koinhs logikhs'' anefere o Prwqypoyrgos. ``Kanete san na mhn blepete tis xiliades katarghseis qesewn kai melwn airetwn symboyliwn, ton drastiko periorismo twn mh paragwgikwn dapanwn, ton ejantlhtiko elegxo ths oikonomikhs diaxeirishs. To Logisthrio toy Kratoys, ypologizei thn ejoikonomhsh porwn se 1 dis. 185 ek. eyrw. Den egine maqhma h aprajia 6 xronwn; Qelete na synexisei etsi h Ellada;'' parathrhse apeyqynomenos pros thn Nea Dhmokratia.

    Peran wstoso toy ``noikokyrematos'' poy anamenetai na apotelesei gia ta dhmosia oikonomika, o Kallikraths stekei kai ws mia rizospastikh qesmikh tomh anamorfwshs toy kratoys - ``toy pleon grafeiokratikoy kratoys sthn Eyrwph'':

    ``O pyrhnas toy ellhnikoy problhmatos, h kyria aitia kai ths dhmosionomikhs katarreyshs, einai to pelateiako kratos, ths anajiokratias, ths adiafaneias kai ths diafqoras. Pame se ena epiteliko kratos me sygxrones domes, poy qa periorizetai stis epitelikes toy eyqynes, me yphresies poy qa einai dipla ston polith, ekei poy tis exei anagkh. Poy dinei armodiothtes me diafaneia kai logodosia, analoga me to poies einai o proteraiothtes kaqe topoy. Poy payei na anagkazei ton polith na trexei se dekades kentrikes yphresies, xanontas xrono kai xrhma gia na kanei mian aplh doyleia''.

    Me to neo plaisio, qemeliwnontai ``ikanoi dhmoi'' kai perifereies, poy qa apofasizoyn oi idioi pws qa anaptyxqoyn, mesa panta apo enan dhmokratiko elegxo kai diafaneia. H aireth perifereia kaqistatai to qesmiko oxhma anaptyjiakoy sxediasmoy kai stis kratikes perifereies paramenoyn monon oses armodiothtes ypagoreyontai sxetika syntagmatika.

    Kai ayto einai aplws h arxh: ``Me thn epomenh anaqewrhsh toy Syntagmatos qa pame se ena ekpaideytiko systhma poy qa apanta stis anagkes ths kaqe perioxhs, me polles apofaseis se epipedo dhmoy h Perifereias.

    Einai aparadekto, h tritobaqmia ekpaideysh na mhn syndeetai me thn anaptyjh ths kaqe perifereias kai thn taytothta ths kaqe perioxhs - kai ta Idrymata na leitoyrgoyn monon gia thn kafeteria, ta noikia, h kapoion kalo gampro h nyfh ston topiko plhqysmo'' anefere o Prwqypoyrgos.

    ``Ayth h wra einai h wra twn rizikwn anatropwn, to telos twn anabolwn, twn dikaiologiwn. Opws me kaqe megalh allagh poy exoyme chfisei, etsi kai me ton Kallikrath, h Politeia mas apodeiknyei pws mporei na einai ajiopisth kai synephs, apenanti stoys polites mas alla kai dieqnws. Hrqe h wra na empisteytoyme kai tis dynameis ths koinwnias. Etsi qa petyxoyme thn anaptyjiakh ekkinhsh ths xwras - me koitasmata paragwgikothtas poy menoyn anekmetalleyta'' anefere metajy allwn o kos Papandreoy.

    Topoqethseis kommatwn

    Yper toy nomoqethmatos tassetai h kybernhtikh pleiochfia enw epi ths arxhs ola ta kommata ths Antipoliteyshs (ND, KKE, LAOS, SYRIZA) katachfizoyn.Probolh antirrhsewn syntagmatikothtas ek meroys ths ND (meros twn opoiwn ensternisthkan o LAOS kai o SYRIZA), h opoia aporrifqhke apo thn kybernhtikh pleiochfia (me thn diadikasia ths egershs twn symfwnoyntwn boyleytwn)

    O eishghths toy PASOK, P. Rhgas, tonise oti me to nomosxedio (idiws thn analhch apo thn perifereiakh aytodioikhsh twn armodiothtwn poy eixe h kratikh perifereia, ektos ekeinwn poy ek toy Syntagmatos paramenoyn sto kratos) h kybernhsh apanta me tropo dhmokratiko se ena krisimo aithma ths ellhnikhs koinwnias. Anefere epishs oti yphrjan oi pronoies gia thn katoxyrwsh twn ergasiakwn synqhkwn twn ergazomenwn, enw sto xwrotajiko efarmosthkan sygkekrimena krithria ta opoia kateblhqh prospaqeia na efarmostoyn me tropo apolyto, kaqoliko, orizontio wste na yparjoyn oi ligoteres dynates lanqasmenes epiloges kai to apotelesma htan to kalytero dynato.

    O eishghths ths ND, Xrhstos Zwhs, anefere metajy twn allwn oti h afethria toy Kallikrath, telikws yphrjan oi desmeyseis ths kybernhshs sto DNT kai h entajh toy Sxedioy sto Programma Staqerothtas kai Anaptyjhs. ``Gia logoys dhmosionomikoys ylopoieitai ena sxedio poy antiqetws xreiazetai poroys gia na petyxei'' tonise kai apeyqynomenos pros ton paristameno ypoyrgo Eswterikwn anefere oti h kybernhsh exei egklwbistei ston idio thn ton isxyrismo pros ton jeno paragonta oti me tropo ayto qa ejasfalistoyn poroi gia ton kratiko proypologismo.

    Epipleon ypogrammise oti agnohse toys emplekomenoys paragontes para tis peri toy antiqetoy desmeyseis gia ejantlhtikh diaboyleysh, metajy aytwn kai thn Kentrikh Enwsh Dhmwn kai Koinothtwn, enw diamorfwqhke mesa sta kommatika organa toy PASOK.

    To nomosxedio ``einai anapospasto kommati kai ergaleio toy programmatos staqerothtas, toy Mnhmonioy Synergasias me E.E - D.N.T - EKT'' tonise sthn topoqethsh toy o boyleyths toy KKE Nikos Papakwnstantinoy. Opws eipe, oi ryqmiseis toy ``dinoyn politikh prostasia sta tajika pronomia twn idiotelwn koinwnikwn dynamewn, twn baqyploytwn kai twn megistanwn toy kefalaioy'' tonizontas pws ``ayta einai ta qemeliwdh gnwrismata poy empotizoyn tis qesmikes - leitoyrgikes ryqmiseis toy nomosxedioy''.

    Apo ton LAOS, o P. Markakhs, ekane logo gia nomosxedio - eyxologio me kommatiko prosanatolismo. Eipe akomh oti h kybernhsh allaje ton eklogiko nomo kai nomoqethsate thn chfo twn metanastwn alla ``logariazei xwris ton jenodoxo, poy den einai allos apo ton ellhniko lao''. ``Kommatikopoihsate thn anagkh gia metarryqmish sthn aytodioikhsh'' anefere kai yposthrije oti o Kallikraths diamorfwqhke me krithria to pws qa epikrathsei o kommatikos mhxanismos toy PASOK sthn Ellada.

    ``Apofeygete eskemmena ta dyskola. Den kanete apolytws tipota gia thn kaqhmerinothta toy polith. Nomoqeteite ypo th damokleio spaqh twn pistwtwn mas'' anefere o N. Tsoykalhs, ek meroys toy SYRIZA, kai ekane logo gia ``agria perikoph porwn'' apo thn aytodioikhsh, gia mh antikeimenika krithria synenwsewn kai akomh gia anakyklwsh xreokophmenwn domwn.

  • Sygkentrwsh kai diamartyria pros th Boylh, enantion toy nomosxedioy "Kallikraths", diorganwnei shmera h POE-OTA.

    [02] Drastika metra gia eisprajh dhmosiwn esodwn

    Drastika metra gia thn amesh beltiwsh ths apodosh twn dhmosiwn oikonomikwn yphresiwn sthn eisprajh twn dhmosiwn esodwn kai gia thn apokatastash ths diafaneias anakoinwse to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn.

    Metajy aytwn perilambanetai o elegxos toy Poqen Esxes 70 ypallhlwn toy ypoyrgeioy oi opoioi enw dhlwnoyn ethsio eisodhma 50.000 eyrw exoyn akinhth perioysia apo 800.000 eyrw ews 3 ekat eyrw ( 1,228 ekat eyrw kata meso oro o kaqenas), h dienergeia enorkhs dioikhtikhs ejetashs gia 50 ypoqeseis (xrhmatismoy, paranomhs oikonomikhs drasthriothtas, laqremporio ka) ypallhlwn se DOY, telwneia, SDOE kai Kthmatikes Yphresies ystera apo kataggelies politwn sto thlefwniko kentro 1517 kaqws kai h antikatastash 20 proistamenwn DOY logw xamhlhs apodoshs thn eisprajh twn esodwn.

    Epishs exei diataxqei elegxos se 234 ypallhloys toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn oi opoioi emfanizontai na mhn exoyn ypobalei dhlwsh thn periodo 2007-2008 h na mhn exei ekkaqaristei h dhlwsh toys.

    Ejalloy metakinoyntai 70 ypallhloi apo olh th xwra se alles oikonomikes yphresies gia thn kalyterh leitoyrgia toy elegktikoy mhxanismoy.

    Ta metra opws perigrafontai sthn anakoinwsh toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn einai ta akoloyqa:

    1. Antikatastash Dieyqyntwn se D.O.Y.. Me bash tis apodoseis kai ta apotelesmata stoys stoxoys eisprajewn poy exoyn teqei gia kaqe D.O.Y., antikaqistantai 20 proistamenoi poy shmera ekteloyn kaqhkonta dieyqynth, se D.O.Y. me megalo forologiko antikeimeno poy emfanisan kaqysterhseis sthn apodosh esodwn kai shmantikes apokliseis sthn epiteyjh twn stoxwn. Oi D.O.Y. aytes einai: IE' Aqhnwn, KA' Aqhnwn, IST' Aqhnwn, KB' Aqhnwn, Korwpioy, N. Filadelfeias, Ilioy, Ampelokhpwn Qessalonikhs, A' Qessalonikhs, D' Qessalonikhs, FAE Qessalonikhs, Agrinioy, A' Kalliqeas, A' Patrwn, Reqymnoy, FABE Aqhnwn, Mosxatoy, Alejandroypolhs, Xalkidas kai A' Peristerioy. Taytoxrona, to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn proxwra amesa sthn prokhryjh gia thn plhrwsh qesewn eyqynhs se oles tis D.O.Y., symfwna me ton prosfato nomo toy Ypoyrgeioy Eswterikwn.

    2. Metakinhseis ypallhlwn. Gia thn kalyterh leitoyrgia twn yphresiwn, metakinoyntai 70 ypallhloi se olh th xwra se alles oikonomikes yphresies apo aytes opoy shmera yphretoyn. Ej aytwn metakinoyntai 42 ypallhloi apo tis elegktikes yphresies se D.O.Y. kai 25 metakinoyntai apo D.O.Y. se elegktikes yphresies, gia thn enisxysh twn elegxwn.

    3. Diejagwgh Enorkhs Dioikhtikhs Ejetashs (E.D.E.) se synexeia kataggeliwn politwn. Gia th diereynhsh epwnymwn kai anwnymwn kataggeliwn politwn, mesw toy thlefwnikoy kentroy 1517, to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn proxwra se 50 ereynes-E.D.E. kata ypallhlwn se 31 D.O.Y., 10 Telwneia, S.D.O.E., P.E.K., Kthmatikes Yphresies se olh th xwra. Oi kataggelies poy qa diereynhqoyn aforoyn se xrhmatismo, paranomh oikonomikh drasthriothta, paranomo ploytismo kai kataggelies gia megalo ycos kataqesewn, paraleiceis elegxoy parastatikwn epixeirhsewn, eynoikotero ypologismo forwn fysikwn h nomikwn proswpwn, paranomh ekdosh forologikhs enhmerothtas, plasta stoixeia, plhmmelh parastatika telwneiakwn elegxwn, paranomoys ektelwnismoys, endexomenws laqremporio, diafygonta esoda apo dasmoys, xrhmatismo apo dierxomena ta synora forthga, xrhmatismo kata ton efodiasmo ploiwn klp.

    4. Elegxos poqen esxes kai forologikes asynepeies ypallhlwn toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn. Gia ton elegxo twn elegxontwn, exei hdh diataxqei elegxos se 234 ypallhloys toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn, oi opoioi emfanizontai na mhn exoyn ypobalei forologikh dhlwsh thn periodo 2007-2008 h den exei ekkaqaristei h dhlwsh toys. Se aytoys symperilambanetai ki enas ariqmos ypallhlwn, anejarthtws twn forologikwn toys dhlwsewn, gia toys opoioys qa ginei deigmatolhptikos elegxos poqen esxes. Oi elegxoi aytoi qa synexistoyn systhmatika.

    5. Poqen esxes sth bash diastayrwsewn eisodhmatos kai akinhths perioysias ypallhlwn Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn. Oi diastayrwseis dhlwsewn eisodhmatos kai perioysiakwn stoixeiwn apoteloyn epishs mia endeijh gia tyxon anantistoixies poy prepei na elegxqoyn. Apo enan prwto elegxo ths akinhths perioysias olwn twn ypallhlwn toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn prokyptei oti 70 ypallhloi diaqetoyn akinhth perioysia me antikeimenikh ajia apo 800 xil. eyrw ws kai 3 ek. eyrw. Oi ypallhloi aytoi diaqetoyn akinhth perioysia antikeimenikhs ajias kata meso oro 1.228.337 eyrw kai antistoixa dhloymeno eisodhma kata meso oro 50.834 Eyrw. Gia oles aytes tis periptwseis to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn proxwra se elegxo poqen esxes.

    Sthn anakoinwsh toy to ypoyrgeio shmeiwnei metajy allwn oti "H apokatastash ths diafaneias stis forologikes yphresies kai h prostasia toy ergoy kai ths ypolhchs twn ypallhlwn kai twn stelexwn twn oikonomikwn yphresiwn, poy epixeiroyn na akyrwsoyn osoi xrhsimopoioyn dhmosies qeseis eyqynhs gia idio ofelos, apoteloyn kaqoristikoys paragontes gia thn biwsimh enisxysh twn dhmosiwn esodwn, th diamorfwsh enos pragmatika dikaioy kai apotelesmatikoy forologikoy systhmatos kai th dhmioyrgia mias neas sxeshs empistosynhs anamesa stoys polites kai to kratos.

    Sto plaisio ths apokatastashs ths sxeshs empistosynhs anamesa ston kratos kai ton polith, to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn dinei th dynatothta stoys polites na paijoyn oi idioi energo kai shmantiko rolo sthn patajh fainomenwn forodiafyghs kai allwn forologikwn kai oikonomikwn parabasewn. Gia to logo ayto exei dhmioyrghsei to thlefwniko kentro kataggeliwn 1517, opoy oi polites mporoyn na apeyqynontai, me stoxo na entopistoyn kai na diereynhqoyn ayta ta fainomena.

    Pera apo tis parapanw ameses energeies, to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn exei hdh anakoinwsei oti qa proxwrhsei se plhrh anadiorganwsh twn eispraktikwn mhxanismwn me stoxo thn anabaqmish toys, thn kalyterh ejyphrethsh toy polith kai thn epiteyjh twn stoxwn ths diafaneias kai ths forologikhs dikaiosynhs. To sxedio twn basikwn ryqmisewn gia thn anadiorganwsh twn dhmosiwn oikonomikwn yphresiwn prokeitai syntoma na teqei se dhmosia diaboyleysh".

    Dhlwseis

    Prospaqeia apoprosanatolismoy katalogizei sthn kybernhsh h N.D. gia to qema ths forodiafyghs eforiakwn kai gia tis antikatastaseis twn dieyqyntwn DOY.

    O Anaplhrwths Ypeyqynos toy Tomea Politikhs Eyqynhs Oikonomias ths Neas Dhmokratias, boyleyths B' Qessalonikhs, k. Qeodwros Karaogloy, dhlwse ``Einai safes oti h Nea Dhmokratia, tassetai anepifylakta yper ths prospaqeias gia thn antimetwpish ths forodiafyghs. Allwste ayto kai empraktws to exei apodeijei, sthrizontas qetika arqra kai paragrafoys toy forologikoy nomosxedioy, ston eqniko stoxo antimetwpishs ths forodiafyghs, se antiqesh fysika me to PASOK, poy ws ajiwmatikh antipoliteysh den synainese pote gia th sygkekrimenh maxh''.

    O k Karaogloy dierwtatai, metajy allwn, an oi ypoloipes DOY exoyn piasei toys stoxoys poy exoyn teqei, me poia krithria kai poies apofaseis symboyliwn egine h apomakrynsh twn dieyqyntwn kai gi ayto kateqese sxetikh erwthsh sth Boylh.

    [03] Se efarmogh to programma TEMPME

    Se efarmogh tiqetai to programma toy Tameioy Eggyodosias Mikrwn kai Poly Mikrwn Epixeirhsewn (TEMPME) gia thn paroxh eggyhsewn daneismoy se Mikres kai Poly Mikres Epixeirhseis wste na kalycoyn forologikes kai asfalistikes ypoxrewseis, anakoinwse to ypoyrgeio Oikonomias, Antagwnistikothtas kai Naytilias.

    To Programma apeyqynetai se yfistamenes epixeirhseis (poy exoyn hmeromhnia enarjhs ergasiwn ews 31-12-2009) opoiasdhpote nomikhs morfhs, poy exoyn edra se opoiadhpote perifereia ths Ellados, apasxoloyn ligoteroys apo 50 ergazomenoys kai emfanizoyn ethsio kyklo ergasiwn ews 10 ekat. eyrw.

    H diarkeia efarmoghs toy programmatos orizetai ews thn 31-12-2010, ektos an ejantlhqei nwritera o proypologismos. Eidikotera katalhktikh hmeromhnia ypobolhs aithshs apo tis endiaferomenes ME/PME pros tis trapezes einai h 31-10-2010 kai paralabhs twn aithsewn aytwn apo to TEMPME h 20-11-2010.

    Epilejimes qewroyntai oi nees daneiakes symbaseis gia tis opoies ypoballetai aithsh apo thn epixeirhsh sthn trapeza, meta thn hmeromhnia egkrishs toy Programmatos.

    O proypologismos eggyhsewn toy programmatos einai 700 ek. eyrw, poy shmainei oti qa kalyfqoyn daneia synolikoy ycoys 875 ek. eyrw. O telikos proypologismos problepetai me neoterh apofash na ayjhqei se 1 dis. eyrw, opote qa kalyfqoyn daneia ycoys 1,25 dis. eyrw.

    To anwtato poso toy daneioy ana ME/PME prosdiorizetai analoga me ton ariqmo apasxoloymenwn sthn epixeirhsh kai diamorfwnetai apo 40.000 ews 100.000 eyrw. H diarkeia toy daneioy kai ths eggyhshs einai eji xronia me dieth periodo xaritos kata thn opoia kataballontai mono tokoi.

    Gia daneia ews 40.000 eyrw den qa parexontai ejasfaliseis apo thn pleyra twn epixeirhsewn, enw gia daneia anw twn 40.000 eyrw h epixeirhsh, efoson zhthqei apo thn Trapeza, qa parexei ejasfaliseis. Sthn periptwsh poy parexontai empragmates ejasfaliseis aytes den mporoyn na jepernoyn to 10% toy arxikoy daneioy.

    To epitokio toy daneioy kaqorizetai se EURIBOR 6 mhnwn + 600 monades bashs (6%) katb anwtato orio.

    [04] Paratash gia Batopedi

    Thn paratash ergasiwn gia mia ebdomada, zhthse apo ton Proedro ths Boylhs kai ejasfalise h Ejetastikh Epitroph diereynhshs toy skandaloy ths Monhs Batopaidioy kai ths limnhs Bisqwnidas. H ekpefrasmenh boylhsh twn melwn ths na kinoyntai me omofwnes apofaseis, apetrece thn oiadhpote anafora ths sthn kataqesh ths Stamatinas Mantelh - to polyselido yliko ths opoias diabibasthke sthn Epitroph - an kai profanws gia ta ypoloipa kommata plhn ths ND, apotelei to kyriarxo stoixeio gia th lhch ths sygkekrimenhs apofashs.

    Ajizei na shmeiwqei, pws gia tis kataqeseis, to periexomeno twn opoiwn aptontai Ejetastikwn Epitropwn ths Boylhs, o nomos toy Xarh Kastanidh gia ta metra epieikeias oswn symballoyn sthn apokalych prajewn diafqoras, (epi prokeimenw ths kas Mantelh) problepei thn epibolh meiwmenwn poinwn stoys kathgoroymenoys, efoson h ekastote Ejetastikh Epitroph krinei ta prosferomena stoixeia eparkh, ystera apo thn gnwmodothsh Efeth, ston opoion anatiqetai ereyna akribws gia thn diapistwsh ths eparkeias twn stoixeiwn.

    Se synenteyjh Typoy prin thn synedriash ths Ejetastikhs Epitrophs, oi boyleytes ths Neas Dhmokratias poy metexoyn s' aythn, me epikefalhs ton N. Dendia, prosdiorisan thn stash ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs, opws diamorfwnetai apo tis ejelijeis, xwris na apostoyn toy porismatos poy eixe yioqethsei h Nea Dhmokratia ws pleiochfia kata thn prohgoymenh Ejetastikh. Sto plaisio ayto, anagnwrizoyn politikes eyqynes se osoys exoyn ypogracei tis prajeis twn antallagwn, enw elegxoyn kai thn shmerinh kybernhsh gia epiloges h paraleiceis toy nyn ypoyrgoy Oikonomikwn, G. Papakwnstantinoy (s.s. akyrwsh ths epistrofhs ths megalhs pleiochfias twn paraxwrhqentwn ektasewn sto Dhmosio protimwntas thn dikastikh diekdikhsh toys, paraleich dienergeias forologikwn elegxwn sth Monh epi ena ejamhno). Plhn twn politikwn eyqynwn wstoso, oi boyleytes ths Neas Dhmokratias den anagnwrizoyn poinikes eyqynes stoys prwhn ypoyrgoys toy kommatos toys, ef' oson h apopoihsh ths Bisqwnidas kai twn paralimniwn ektasewn apo to Dhmosio, oloklhrwqhke epi ypoyrgias Ap. Fwtiadh to 2003. ``An eginan ypertimologhseis ths Bisqwnidas, h ypotimologhseis twn akinhtwn poy anthllaghsan me to nero kai tis parakties ektaseis ths, ayto qa prepei na diereynhqei se sxesh me paraleiceis yphresiakwn paragontwn kai oi ypeyqynoi qa prepei na logodothsoyn'' anaferqhke sth synenteyjh, ek parallhloy me kataggelia ths ryqmishs Kastanidh, h opoia kat' aytoys synista ``prosklhthrio ceydoys'': ``Einai dikaiwma toy kathgoroymenoy, akoma kai na ceydetai gia na yperaspistei th qesh toy - alla na antiparatassoyme kathgoroymeno gia tria kakoyrghmata me aithma na klhqoyn prwhn Prwqypoyrgoi, yperbainei ta eskammena'' ektimhse o kos Dendias.

    Paromoia aisqhsh fainetai na kyriarxhse argotera kai kata thn synedriash ths Ejetastikhs, opoy ta kommata, exontas symfwnhsei na kinoyntai me omofwnes diadikasies, den synainesan sthn protash toy Aq. Pleyrh (LAOS) gia klhsh toy Kwsta Karamanlh. Opws egine gnwsto, to KKE krathse stash oydeterothtas, enw o SYRIZA qewrhse pws prwhn Prwqypoyrgos, qa eprepe na klhqei sthn Epitroph, monaxa ean yphrxan yponoies poinikwn eyqynwn gi' ayton. Oso gia to PASOK, yposthrije pws o prwhn Prwqypoyrgos, kalo qa htan na topoqethqei oikeioqelws me ypomnhma gia thn ypoqesh sthn opoia empleketai to prwqypoyrgiko toy grafeio, an kai o idios proswpika, ektimatai pws ``den exei kati na syneisferei me kataqesh toy''.

    Sto parapanw plaisio, ektimatai pws mexri thn epomenh Trith, qa yparjoyn diaboyleyseis, prokeimenoy na syntaxqei, an oxi koino porisma, toylaxiston koines ``symperasmatikes qeseis''. Pros thn kateyqynsh ayth, kineitai opws egine gnwsto, shmerinh apofash toy PASOK na anagnwrisei meridio politikwn eyqynwn ston prwhn yfypoyrgo Oikonomikwn, Apostolo Fwtiadh, epi twn hmerwn toy opoioy oloklhrwqhke h apopoihsh ths Bisqwnidas apo pleyras Dhmosioy - kai paroti ths apofashs ayths, akoloyqhse argotera mia anapomph poy den hre thn eilhmmenh apofash.

    Se o,ti wstoso afora thn systash Proanakritikhs Epitrophs, me stoxo thn diereynhsh poinikwn eyqynwn politikwn proswpwn, h symfwnia anamesa sta dyo megalytera kommata paramenei mallon adynath, dedomenhs ths mexri stigmhs epimonhs toys, na ejairoyn mias endexomenhs Proanakritikhs Epitrophs, dikoys toys prwhn ypoyrgoys.

    [05] Metra litothtas kai sthn Italia

    H Italikh kybernhsh enekrine metra litothtas me stoxo thn "ejoikonomhsh" 24 dis eyrw to diasthma 2011-2012, gia thn "staqeropoihsh" twn dhmosionomikwn ths xwras.

    "Ta metra exoyn epikentro tis perikopes twn dhmosiwn dapanwn", anefere kybernhtiko anakoinwqen poy ejedoqh arga xqes Trith, meta apo ypoyrgiko symboylio. Parallhla, anefere to anakoinwqen, stoxos einai h ayjhsh twn kratikwn esodwn kyriws mesw ths "katapolemhshs ths foroapofyghs".

    Ta metra exoyn diakhrygmeno stoxo thn meiwsh toy dhmosioy elleimmatos apo to 5,3% toy AEP to 2009 sto 2,7% to 2012, wste h Italia na plhroi to orio poy exei qesei h EE (3%).

    O Tziani Leta, koryfaios symboylos toy Italoy prwqypoyrgoy Silbio Mperloyskoni, eixe proeidopoihsei oti qa lambanontan sklhra metra, tonizontas oti einai "anagkh" na ginoyn "poly baries, poly sklhres qysies. . . gia na swqei h xwra mas apo [to endexomeno] na akoloyqhsei thn poreia ths Elladas".

    Oi misqoi twn dhmosiwn ypallhlwn "pagwnoyn" gia tria xronia, enw oi ypoyrgoi kai anwtatoi kratikoi leitoyrgoi qa doyn tis apolabes toys na meiwnontai.

    Oi polites den antimetwpizoyn --amesa-- ayjhseis forwn, alla h kybernhsh anamenetai na ayjhsei th forologia stis metoxes kai sta mponoys twn anwtatwn stelexwn twn epixeirhsewn toy idiwtikoy tomea.

    H "maxh enantia sthn foroapofygh" qa entaqei, me thn symmetoxh ths topikhs aytodioikhshs wste na beltiwqei h apotelesmatikothta toy foroeispraktikoy mhxanismoy, enw qa yparjoyn gia orismenes kathgories asfalismenwn ayjhseis twn oriwn hlikias oson afora thn syntajiodothsh.

    To sxedio katadikasthke apo ton Pierloyitzi Mpersani, hgeth toy Dhmokratikoy kommatos ths antipoliteyshs, o opoios ekane logo gia perikopes "xwris diakrish", oi opoies "den antimetwpizoyn kanena apo ta domika [problhmata]" ths xwras.

    To paketo metrwn akoloyqei ekeina poy exoyn anakoinwqei sthn Ellada, sthn Ispania, sthn Portogalia kai sth Bretania, me stoxo na antimetwpistei h elleich pisths stis oikonomies twn xrewmenwn Eyrwpaikwn xwrwn en mesw ths pagkosmias oikonomikhs krishs.

    An kai h Italia katafere na mhn ayjhqei to dhmosio xreos akoma perissotero sthn diarkeia ths krishs, exei na antimetwpisei ena apo ta megalytera xreh ston kosmo--115,8% toy AEP to 2009--, kati poy prokalei "anastatwsh" stis agores.

    O Goylielmo Epifani, hgeths toy megalyteroy Italikoy syndikatoy CGIL, dhlwse oti ta metra einai adika tonizontas pws "oi megalyteres qysies qa ginoyn apo toys ergazomenoys". Den apekleise apergiakes kinhtopoihseis. Wstoso alla Italika syndikata emfanisthkan na tassontai yper twn metrwn litothtas.

    [06] Aimathra epeisodia sth Tzamaika

    Toylaxiston 60 anqrwpoi exoyn xasei th zwh toys apo ta biaia epeisodia poy exoyn jespasei sto Kingkston, thn prwteyoysa ths Tzamaikas, anakoinwsan nosokomeiakes phges.

    Ta biaia epeisodia klimakwqhkan meta thn epidromh twn astynomikwn dynamewn se antro symmoriwn diakinhshs narkwtikwn.

    Oi Astynomikes Dynameis ths Tzamaika exoyn epibebaiwsei to qanato 30 anqrwpwn, metajy twn opoiwn kai tria melh twn dynamewn asfaleias, apo tis biaies sygkroyseis poy jekinhsan to sabbatokyriako.

    [07] Ta "petrina xronia" twn metanastwn sth Germania

    ``Symbash Peri Epiloghs kai Topoqethsews Ellhnwn ergatwn eis germanikas epixeirhseis'', 30 Martioy toy 1960. Ayto htan to jekinhma ths pio entonhs metanasteyshs twn Ellhnwn, poy biwqhke oso kamia allh. Htan h koryfwsh kai to telos toy mazikoy jenitemoy twn Ellhnwn pros thn Amerikh, thn Aystralia, thn Afrikh, ton 20o aiwna.

    Dyskola ta metapolemika xronia sth xwra mas, me ta xwria na erhmwnoyn apo thn eswterikh metanasteysh pros tis megaloypoleis, logw ths ftwxias kai ths anergias. Alla ki ekei, lysh den yphrxe. H Ellada den mporoyse na qrecei ta paidia ths. Etsi, h ypografh ths ellhnogermanikhs Symbashs, apotelese mia ``megalh eykairia'' gia xiliades Ellhnes kai Ellhnides, kyriws apo th Boreia Ellada, poy para thn tromerh empeiria ths germanikhs katoxhs kai ton megalo ariqmo twn qymatwn toy B' Pagkosmioy Polemoy sthn Ellada, jekinhsan gia th Germania, anazhtwntas to neo, to kalytero, to anagkaio.

    Sthn oysia, polloi ej aytwn den gnwrizan kan ti ypografoyn, epairnan tis aparaithtes odhgies kai me th sfragida sto diabathrio efeygan gia th xwra, poy toys yposxontan ena kalytero mellon apo ayto poy toys epifylasse h patrida. Telika, htan mia metanasteysh ``agria'', opws tonizoyn polloi apo toys prwtoys Ellhnes, poy phran ton dromo gia ta jena. Xwris prooptikes. Oi Germanoi toys qewroysan tote proswrinoys, filojenoymenoys ergates, ``temaxia'', opws toys xarakthrizan ta germanika ergostasia kai ta anqrakwryxeia, otan zhtoysan ergatika xeria apo thn Ellada kai alloy.

    Gastarbeiter (filojenoymenoi ergazomenoi) toys apokaloysan h Katzelmacher, opws ypotimhtika xarakthrizan sth Bayaria toys metanastes, poy proerxontai apo tis noties xwres. Sklhra ta prwta xronia kai opws diapistwsan oi metanastes h Germania den htan b¦ Amerikh, opws thn oneireyontan kapoioi.

    Eidika sto jekinhma, h stegash twn metanastwn ergatwn ginotan se paraphgmata, ta opoia, en merei, proerxontan apo thn epoxh toy B' Pagkosmioy Polemoy, opws anaferetai sta arxeia toy Kentroy Tekmhriwshs kai toy Moyseioy DOMiD, ths Kolwnias. Kaqe ergaths eixe sth diaqesh toy ena krebati se koyketa, ena ntoylapi poy kleidwne, mia qesh sto trapezi toy faghtoy kai mia karekla ana atomo. Oi esties, xwrismenes ana fylo (an yphrxan antrogyna eprepe na xwrisoyn), syxna apoteloysan tmhma twn ergostasiakwn egkatastasewn.

    An me kati eixan na antipalecoyn, me oles toys tis dynameis, oi metanastes apo thn arxh, ayto htan to ``akornt'' (plafon sthn paragwgikothta), poy osoi prospaqoysan na to jeperasoyn gia na paroyn prim, katelhgan, se polles periptwseis, me sobara problhmata ygeias. Taytoxrona, prokaloysan thn antipaqeia twn Germanwn synadelfwn toys, poy emeina pisw, kaqws ta ``akornt'' anebainan synexws ejaitias twn Gastarbeiter.

    Den htan, bebaia, to oneiro toy grhgoroy xrhmatos poy toys wqoyse sta akra, alla h prooptikh na ta bgalei pera h oikogeneia sthn Ellada, me ta embasmata poy estelnan. Ki an htan dynaton, na xtisoyn ena spiti sthn patrida, n' anoijoyn ena magazi kai etsi na proetoimasoyn thn epistrofh toys.

    H proswrinothta egine, telika, monimh egkatastash sth xwra. Se mia xwra, opoy h shmerinh genia twn Ellhnwn einai plhrws entagmenh sthn topikh koinwnia, gegonos poy anagnwrizetai ap' oloys. Jepernoyn to 1,5 ek. oi Ellhnes poy perasan synolika apo th Germania. Symfwna me epishma stoixeia, ews to 1973, otan h Germania pagwse monopleyra oles tis symbaseis proslhchs allodapwn, metanasteysan peripoy 600.000 Ellhnes ergates. Shmera, se olh th Germania, oi Ellhnes ypologizontai stis 350.000.

    Polloi apo toys prwtoys Ellhnes metanastes, exontas syntajiodothqei, epestrecan sta xwria toys. Den einai ligoi, omws, ekeinoi poy emeinan sth Germania, gia na einai konta sta paidia kai ta eggonia toys, sth deyterh pia patrida. Xarakthristiko einai ena stixaki anwnymoy metanasth: ``Twra poy thn phres thn polypoqhth syntajh soy giati den epistrefeis sthn patrida, thn Ellada; Tote poy hqela den mporoysa. Twra poy mporw, den qelw. H nostalgia moy arkei''.

    Ta "Petrina Xronia"

    ``Eylogia toy Qeoy'', apokalesan polloi th metanasteysh sth Germania, kaqws den eblepan allh diejodo. Alloi thn onomasan ``katara toy Qeoy'' kai ``sygxrono sklabopazaro''. Ayth htan h megalh ``ejodos'', me mia mono balitsa sto xeri, gemath ``oneira kai elpides'', gia mia kalyterh tyxh, gia ena neo mellon. ``Htan h epoxh poy legame oti: h Ellada paragei petres kai Gkastarmpaiter. Mhpws, omws, ayto htan to synqhma ths parhgorias;'', opws anaferetai xarakthristika sto epeteiako biblio ths Ellhnikhs Koinothtas sth Nyrembergh.

    Zhtoysan ``temaxia''

    Me thn ypografh ths symbashs anoijan sthn Aqhna (epi ths odoy Biktwros Oygkw) kai sth Qessalonikh (epi ths odoy Dwdekanhsoy) oi en Elladi Germanikes Epitropes, poy enekrinan thn proslhch twn Ellhnwn ergatwn, ejetazontas ejonyxistika thn katallhlothta toys, apo apoch ygeias kai eidikwn gnwsewn, enw organwnan kai to tajidi toys. H taktikh proselkyshs thn epoxh ekeinh qymize ``sygxrono sklabopazaro'', opws exei paradextei kai enas prwhn dieyqynths ths Germanikhs Epitrophs sthn Aqhnas.

    O Xans Giorgk Ekxarnt, poy ergasthke sto Grafeio Qessalonikhs apo to 1965 ews to 1967, mas ejistorei, pws oi iatrikes ejetaseis htan poly aysthres: metrhseis mywn, aktinografies qwrakos, odontiatrikes ejetaseis k.a.

    ``Eprepe na epilejoyme kalo anqrwpino yliko, ayth htan h entolh. Apo Germania mas legane 'steilte mas tosa temaxia', kai ayto pistecte me, me ponoyse poly, kaqws antikriza kaqhmerina neoys anqrwpoys na caxnoyn gia elpida, ena kalytero ayrio'', dhlwnei sto APE-MPE, apo th Stoytgkardh, o 67xronos shmera Xans Giorgk Ekxarnt.

    Kai synexizei: ``Oi ergodotes hqelan na proslaboyn mono neoys, ygieis anqrwpoys, me gera xeria kai podia, gia na ergastoyn sth biomhxania. H Ellada htan kai h prwth xwra poy esteile sth Germania gynaikes xwris toys syzygoys. Mporeite na fantasteite to drama aytwn twn gynaikwn, poy phgainan se enan jeno topo, afhnontas syzygoys, paidia, xwris na jeroyn oyte mia lejh germanikh. Oi gynaikes protimoyntan apo tis famprikes ths klwstoyfantoyrgias, alla kai sth biomhxania hlektrikwn eidwn, kaqws ta xeria toys htan pio lepta kai epidejia, ap' ayta twn andrwn. Pote den qa jexasw tis eikones sto staqmo toy trenoy, sth Qessalonikh, me toys andres na apoxairetoyn me dakrya sta matia tis syzygoys toys, kratwntas mwra paidia sthn agkalia toys. Kai ekeines, me apognwsh, na prospaqoyn na toys dwsoyn koyragio''.

    To prwto symbolaio, opws anaferei o k. Ekxarnt eixe synhqws diarkeia enos etoys, kai den htan kala plhrwmeno. An ola phgainan kala, oi gynaikes eixan, meta, to dikaiwma na allajoyn doyleia, polh kai na kanoyn prosklhsh, me synainesh toy ergodoth, ston syntrofo toys. An, omws, den antapokrinontan stis apathseis toy ergodoth, exanan to dikaiwma na ergastoyn sth Germania.

    O k. Ekxarnt, poy erxetai syxna sthn Ellada, kai dh sth boreia- ``o wraioteros proorismos'', opws leei- milaei me sebasmo gia toys Ellhnes ths Germanias, poy kataferan na enswmatwqoyn kalytera apo oloys toys allodapoys. Frontisan th morfwsh twn paidiwn toys, ta opoia shmera exoyn katalabei kairies qeseis sth Germania se polloys tomeis, enw kratoyn thn paradosh kai ton politismo toys. Oso gia thn Mpilnt kai to Fokoys tonizei pws, osa grafontai den antikatoptrizoyn ta aisqhmata twn perissoterwn Germanwn.

    ``Grammh ths Elpidas''

    An, loipon, htan tyxeroi oi ypochfioi metanastes, poy kataklyzane kaqhmerina tis Germanikes Epitropes, epairnan thn polypoqhth ``prasinh karta'' ergasias. Gi' aytoys poy ekanan aithsh sthn Aqhna, to tajidi jekinoyse synhqws apo ton Peiraia, me to qryliko ferimpot ``Kolokotrwnhs'', gia na ftasoyn sto Mprintezi ths Italias kai sth synexeia, me treno, gia th Germania. Apo th Qessalonikh tajideyan pros to Monaxo, me eidikes amajostoixies, poy htan synhqws yperplhreis, kaqws meteferan, se polles periptwseis, panw apo 1.000 atoma. Ta mazika ayta tajidia, ta opoia h germanikh dioikhsh mexri to 1972 ta onomaze ``metafores'', exoyn xaraxtei baqia sth mnhmh twn metanastwn.

    Sto tajidi apo Qessalonikh pros Monaxo polloi kaqontan panw sth balitsa toys, kata th diarkeia oloy toy tajidioy, poy kratoyse dyomisi meres. Eidikoi synodoi dienergoysan elegxoys mesa sto treno kai ypodeiknyan stoys tajidiwtes pws na xrhsimopoioyn tis toyaletes, toys efistoysan thn prosoxh sthn kaqariothta kai toys apagoreyan na petoyn skoypidia apo to paraqyro. Kaneis apo toys metanastes den syneidhtopoioyse tote oti, oi ``parabaseis twn oriwn'' qa apoteloysan ta qemelia ths mellontikhs toys zwhs.

    Sto Monaxo, ta trena efqanan sth grammh 11, thn opoia oi Italoi eixan baftisei ``Grammh ths Elpidas''. Apo ekei, toys odhgoysan sto prwhn aeroporiko katafygio, katw apo to sidhrodromiko staqmo, poy eixe diamorfwqei se aiqoysa diamonhs. Apo thn prwteyoysa ths Bayarias, oi metanastes prowqoyntan kyriws sth metalloyrgikh biomhxania, sta ergostasia kataskeyhs hlektrologikwn kai hlektronikwn eidwn, alla kai stis xhmikes biomhxanies, apo th Nyrembergh ews th Stoytgardh, thn Kolwnia kai to Ntiselntorf, to Amboyrgo kai to Berolino.

    ``Fwnajame ergates kai hrqan anqrwpoi''

    Enas apo toys Ellhnes poy asxolhqhke idiaitera me toys metanastes, einai o Grhgorhs Zarkadas, apo th Frankfoyrth, opoy zei apo to 1964. O idios ergasthke, epi 30 xronia, ws koinwnikos leitoyrgos, sto Kentro Metanastwn Frankfoyrths, prwta me toys Ellhnes kai argotera me allhs eqnikothtas metanastes. Apo to 1997 mexri shmera, eklegetai dhmotikos symboylos ston kentriko dhmo ths Frankfoyrths, exontas diatelesei proedros ths Epitrophs Allodapwn, apo thn idrysh ths, to 1992, ews to 1997.

    Milwntas sto APE-MPE, o k. Zarkadas shmeiwnei oti, h aparxh ``promhqeias'' ergatikoy dynamikoy sth Germania, me symbaseis ergasias, egine me thn Italia kai synexise me thn Ellada, thn Ispania, thn Toyrkia, to Maroko, thn Portogalia, thn Tynhsia kai th Gioygkoslabia. Oi symbaseis aytes, sto synolo toys, katoxyrwnan plhrws ta ergasiaka- asfalistika dikaiwmata twn ergatwn. Kai ayto giati ta ananewmena germanika syndikata (DGB), frontisan na mhn xrhsimopoihqoyn oi jenoi ergates ws moxlos pieshs misqwn kai hmeromisqiwn. Par' ola ayta problhmata yphrxan.

    ``H apelash apo thn Germania htan to pio eykolo poy mporoyse na symbei me apofash kaqe topikhs yphresias- astynomias, allodapwn. Mporoysan ta kratidia na ekdwsoyn tis dikes toys diatajeis, poy htan desmeytikes gia thn politikh twn dhmwn. H basikh filosofia pisw apo tis diatajeis katastolhs, qa elege kaneis, einai oti o allodapos einai epikindynos gia thn topikh koinwnia kai prepei na ejasfalisoyme ta symferonta ths. To oti den synebhsan ektropa ofeiletai sta germanika syndikata kai tis proodeytikes politikes dynameis ths Germanias'', yposthrizei o k. Zarkadas.

    Sygkrothmenh omospondiakh politikh enswmatwshs, ta xronia ekeina, den yphrxe, opote ta kratidia kai oi Dhmoi, analoga me thn piesh kai to pososto twn allodapwn, alla kai thn epidrash proodeytikwn politikwn dynamewn, efarmozan metra, poy qewroysan swsta gia thn koinwnikh enswmatwsh allodapwn.

    ``To 1967 parathrhqhke h prwth mikrh oikonomikh krish sth Germania kai foyntwse h syzhthsh gia mazikh apelash twn allodapwn. Gia ola ta problhmata anergias, egklhmatikothtas klp. oi allodapoi htan o apodiopompaios tragos'', qymatai o k. Zarkadas.

    Kai prosqetei: ``Akrodejia, neonazistika stoixeia, emfanisthkan kai mphkan kai se dhmotika symboylia. Se ayto to klima, arxise na syneidhtopoiei h politikh hgesia ths Germanias oti to politiko keno, poy basizontan sthn proswrinothta twn metanastwn, htan laqos epilogh. O syggrafeas Maj Frits eipe tote to perifhmo, 'fwnajame ergates kai hrqan anqrwpoi'''.

    Molis to 1973, otan h Germania pagwse monopleyra oles tis symbaseis proslhchs allodapwn, deila-deila arxisan na anagnwrizontai oi metanastes, ws anapospasto kommati ths germanikhs koinwnias.

    Enas tritos staqmos sthn poreia toy metanasteytikoy kinhmatos sth Germania einai h prospaqeia toy fileleyqeroy sosialdhmokratikoy synaspismoy na proxwrhsei se qesmoqethmenh politikh enswmatwshs twn metanastwn.

    ``To prwto bhma htan h qesmoqethsh omospondiakoy epitetrammenoy gia qemata metanastwn kai o diorismos toy prwhn prwqypoyrgoy ths Rhnanias Bestfalias Kuhn, Xaints Koyn to 1978. Ena xrono meta, syntaxqhke h prwth ekqesh gia thn katastash twn metanastwn kai tis protaseis gia thn poreia ths enswmatwshs toys sth germanikh koinwnia'', anaferei o k. Zarkadas.

    ``Parallhla, qesmoqeteitai kai h enwsh glwssas 'Sprachverband', me skopo th xrhmatodothsh ths ekmaqhshs ths germanikhs se ola ta epipeda. Thn organwsh anelaban ta kata topoys laika panepisthmia, ta filanqrwpika idrymata, alla kai prwtoboylies politwn'', symplhrwnei.

    Oi protaseis Koyn perilambanan th dieykolynsh apokthshs ths germanikhs yphkoothtas stoys hlikiwmenoys, th xorhghsh ths se ola ta neogennhta allodapa paidia, th xorhghsh toy dikaiwmatos toy eklegein kai toy eklegesqai sthn topikh aytodioikhsh, thn amesh ekpaideysh allodapwn nhpiagwgwn kai daskalwn.

    ``H nea epoxh gia toys metanastes sth Germania arxizei meta to 1998, me th synergasia twn prasinwn kai twn sosialdhmokratwn sthn omospondiakh kybernhsh'', epishmainei o k. Zarkadas, shmeiwnontas: ``Amesws anagnwrizetai, qesmoqethmena pleon, h Germania ws xwra metanasteyshs. Amesa prowqhqhke h allagh toy nomoy gia thn apokthsh ths yphkoothtas kai anagnwristhke to dikaiwma sth germanikh yphkoothta, me arxh ton topo gennhshs kai oxi th fyletikh proeleysh, poy isxye ws tote. O nomos teqhke se isxy apo thn 1h Ianoyarioy toy 2000. Htan h xronia poy arxisan na eklegontai kai oi prwtoi Ellhnes se dhmotika symboylia diaforwn kratidiwn sth Germania''.

    Organwsh twn Ellhnwn

    Oi Ellhnes ths Germanias einai kai h prwth metanasteytikh omada poy proxwrhse sthn idrysh syllogwn, poy to 1965 synenwqhkan katw apo thn ``omprela'' ths Omospondias Ellhnikwn Koinothtwn (OEK), poy idryqhke sth Stoytgardh.

    ``H OEK, sthn opoia anhkoyn 150 Ellhnikes Koinothtes ap' olh th xwra, me peripoy 50.000 melh, meleta ta problhmata poy antimetwpizoyn oi Ellhnes sto Omospondo Kratos ths Germanias kai proaspizetai ta dikaiwmata toys, prowqwntas stoys armodioys foreis ta dikaia aithmata toys'', ypogrammizei sto APE-MPE, o epi treis qhteies proedros ths Omospondias, Kwnstantinos Dhmhtrioy.

    ``Parallhla- epishmainei- agwnizetai gia th diathrhsh kai kalliergeia ths eqnikhs, glwssikhs kai politistikhs taytothtas twn Ellhnwn metanastwn kai twn paidiwn toys kai ergazetai gia thn eyryterh diadosh ths politistikhs klhronomias kai twn proodeytikwn paradosewn toy laoy mas''.

    Gennhmenos sth Germania, me katagwgh apo th Qesprwtia, o k. Dhmhtrioy exei biwsei, ws paidi, tis synepeies ths metanasteyshs, exontas zhsei gia polla xronia konta stoys pappoydes kai tis giagiades, sthn Ellada. Apokalei ``genia ths qysias'' toys prwtoys metanastes, poy sterhqhkan thn asfaleia ths oikogeneias, thn patrida, th neothta toys.

    ``Mporei ola ayta na akoygontai melo einai omws h alhqeia'', shmeiwnei o k. Dhmhtrioy, prosqetontas: ``Penhnta xronia meta qa prepei, omws, na kanoyme kai ton apologismo mas, poy einai qetikos, kai ayto tonisthke sthn ekdhlwsh, poy eixame stis 2 Maioy, sthn palia boylh, sth Bonnh. Ola ayta ta xronia, oi Ellhnes ths Germanias petyxan na kerdisoyn mia periopth qesh sthn agora ergasias, alla kai na enswmatwqoyn me tetoia epityxia, wste oi germanikes arxes na toys perigrafoyn ws 'h afanhs meionothta'. Eite san ergates - eidikeymenoi h aneidikeytoi - eita san ypallhloi, giatroi, gastronomoi h epixeirhmaties akomh kai san ereynhtes kai kaqhghtes panepisthmiwn, exoyn katastei pleon anapospasto meros ths germanikhs koinwnias''.

    O k. Dhmhtrioy ypenqymizei oti, h ellhnikh metanasteysh ergazomenwn sthn Germania odhghse kai ``se mia aney prohgoymenoy stenh synergasia, alla kai se mia lian epityxhmenh filikh sxesh, sthn makra istoria twn dyo lawn. Oi Ellhnes leitoyrghsan san 'gefyra' epikoinwnias, prowqwntas kai diathrwntas thn katanohsh kai thn filia kai ayto akomh kai se dyskoloys kairoys''.

    50xrona kai gia thn ellhnorqodojh ekklhsia

    ``To 1960 jekinhsame apo to mhden kai shmera eimaste h trith anagnwrismenh ekklhsia sth Germania, me dikoys mas naoys, paidikoys staqmoys kai politistika kentra'', dhlwnei sto APE-MPE, o Mhtropoliths Germanias kai Ejarxos Kentrwas Eyrwphs k. Aygoystinos, me thn eykairia ths 50xronhs paroysias twn Ellhnwn sth xwra ayth.

    ``Oloi oi Ellhnes poy hrqan sth Germania htan presbeis ths xwras mas. Hrqan ws jenoi ergates, alla petyxan, staqhkan swsta sthn 'kardia' ths Eyrwphs, kai etsi shmera eimaste mia zwntanh paroysia sth Germania, opoy exoyme to pio kalo onoma. Ayto, kaneis den mporei na to amfisbhthsei. As mh jexname oti, xwris thn paroysia twn Ellhnwn kai olwn twn jenwn metanastwn, h Germania den qa htan ayth poy einai shmera. Ayto pisteyw oti oi Germanoi to anagnwrizoyn kai to timoyn. Gi' ayto kai tonizw oti, shmera, h oikonomikh krish den prepei na mas odhghsei se politismikh krish'', epishmainei o Mhtropoliths Aygoystinos.

    Sta egkata ths ghs

    Oi metanastes analambanan polles fores doyleies, poy den hqelan na kanoyn oi Germanoi. Etsi, breqhkan kai sto metwpo ths ejoryjhs anqraka, poy thn epoxh ekeinh htan h shmantikoterh phgh energeias ths germanikhs oikonomias. Oi synqhkes ths kaqhmerinhs doyleias htan idiaitera sklhres.

    O Panagiwths Digkolhs, apo to Palaiokastro Kozanhs, poy doylece sta oryxeia ths Rhnanias-Bestfalias, milwntas sto APE-MPE, qymatai: ``Den eixa kleisei akoma ta 25 moy xronia, otan phra thn apofash na fygw gia th Germania. Ekana prwta thn aithsh sthn Kozanh kai apo ekei me eidopoihsan na paw sth Qessalonikh, opoy oi Germanoi mas perasan apo iatrikes ejetaseis, apo thn koryfh ws ta nyxia. Moy brhkan pws exw dyo dontia xalasmena, poy an den ta sfragiza, den qa me pernagan. Ante lefta kai gia odontiatro, alla ti na ekana; Eprepe na fygw, alliws xanomastan''.

    Telika, efyge apo ton Peiraia stis 25 Aygoystoy 1963, me ton ``Kolokotrwnh'', gia na paei sthn Italia kai apo ekei sto Monaxo, me treno. Katelhje sto Essen, ths Rhnanias-Bestfalias, opoy eprepe na perasei jana apo iatrikes ejetaseis. H prwth katoikia toy htan stis eidika diamorfwmenes, gia toys metanastes, paragkes, sto Omperxaoyz, opoy oi synqhkes diabiwshs htan ypotypwdeis.

    ``To prwto poy mas eipan-mas ejistorei o Panagiwths Digkolhs- htan na exoyme panta thn karta mazi mas. Ena noymero hmoyn kai egw, opws oloi mas. Poios hjere to onoma moy; Sth seira moy hmastan 27 atoma, oloi neoi. Anasa den phrame. To brady ftasame, to jhmerwmata mas phgan gia doyleia. Ena mhna, peripoy, mas ekpaideyan gia to pws qa ergastoyme sta anqrakwryxeia. Mas edwsan kai 100 marka prokatabolh.

    Den qa jexasw thn prwth fora poy katebhkame me to siderenio kloybi sth baqh ths ghs. Fobos den yphrxe sto myalo moy. Enniakosia metra baqos kai egw den skeftomoyn tipota allo, para mono oti eprepe na meinw se ayth th doyleia, diaforetika qa me gyrnoysan pisw. Mono ayto skeftomoyn. Otan bghkame jana sth gh den mporoysame na gnwrisoyme o enas ton allon apo th moytzoyra toy karboynoy. Geloysame me thn cyxh mas, san mikra paidia kai xairomastan ton hlio''.

    Dyo xronia anteje se ayth th doyleia, o k. Panagiwths, wspoy kapoioi sympatriwtes toy brhkan doyleia se xartopoieio, sto Mpergkisklampax, ap' opoy phre kai th syntajh toy. En tw metajy eixe frontisei na paei sto xwrio toy, opoy pantreythke thn Peristera toy, me thn opoia exei apokthsei tesseris kores.

    H prwth daskala

    Exoyn perasei genies kai genies Ellhnwn ths Germanias apo ta xeria ths. Oloi, anaferontai me sebasmo sthn prwth daskala poy eftase sto Monaxo to 1959, mesw enos programmatos antallaghs foithtwn, exontas apofoithsei apo thn Paidagwgikh Akadhmia Aqhnwn. O logos gia thn Marina Moysa, to genos Stamatakh, apo to Hrakleio ths Krhths.

    ``Telika, epeleja na meinw sto Monaxo gia na synexisw tis spoydes moy, kanontas metekpaideysh sth qerapeytikh agwgh. Ekei, gnwristhka me polloys Ellhnes, me toys opoioys eixame thn idea na mazecoyme ta Ellhnopoyla gia na ta didajoyme ta ellhnika'', qymatai h 74xronh shmera ekpaideytikos, milwntas sto APE-MPE.

    ``Htan panw apo 200 paidia. Etsi, dhmioyrghsoyme ena ellhniko sxoleio, basei toy germanikoy ekpaideytikoy programmatos, me th bohqeia toy Bayarikoy Ypoyrgeioy Paideias. Sthn arxh, hmastan mono treis ekpaideytikoi. Idrysame kai ena syllogo gia thn prostasia twn symferontwn mas. Sthn epitroph balame kai ton Prigkipa toy Anoberoy, gia na exoyme thn eynoia toy. To gymnasio poy idrysame to onomasame Otto, basileys ths Ellados' kai ayto enqoysiase toys Germanoys'', synexizei.

    H prwth ayth prospaqeia ejaplwqhke sth synexeia kai se alles poleis ths Bayarias. Argotera, h ka Stamatakh apofasise na metakomisei sth Rhnania-Bestfalia, antallassontas th qesh ths me ton diapreph shmera kaqhghth, Basileio Fqenakh.

    Penhnta ena xronia meta thn eleysh ths sth Germania, h ka Stamatakh, h opoia kai shmera synexizei na didaskei eqelontika, milaei gia mia ``anagennhsh toy ellhnismoy''.

    ``Ta 50xrona twn ellhnwn ths Germanias, poy giortasame panhgyrika sth Bonnh stis 2 Maioy, moy xarizoyn kainoyrgia dynamh, enqymoymenh tis polles prospaqeies poy kataballame oloi oi ellhnes. Estw kai sthn hlikia poy eimai qa synexisw na prosferw o,ti mporw. Me xara diapistwnw kai qelw na to gracete ayto, oti oi Ellhnes ths Germanias exoyn enswmatwqei, xwris na exoyn afomoiwqei omws, kai ayto to qewrw shmantiko. Ayth einai allwste h fysh toy Ellhna. Opoy kai an phge, me thn ergatikothta kai to filotimo poy mas diakrinei, agaphse to jeno periballon ka to ekane diko toy, opws kai oi Ellhnes ths Germanias''.

    Pantremenh me ton Palaistinio, Zamil Moysa, apo to 1964, h ka Stamatakh antimetwpise thn ``aporia'', opws leei, twn filwn Germanwn, poy den perimenan apo thn idia na kanei enan tetoio gamo. Katalhgontas, den paraleipei na mas anaferei oti, sto arnhtiko klima poy dhmioyrghqhke stis sxeseis Elladas-Germanias, antitiqentai polloi Germanoi, oi opoioi tonizoyn oti oi sxeseis twn dyo xwrwn den prepei na diataraxtoyn.

    Ta paidia poy emenan pisw

    Tragikh ptyxh sthn ypoqesh ths metanasteyshs twn Ellhnwn sth Germania apotelesan ta paidia toys, poy htan anagkasmenoi na afhsoyn pisw, me toys pappoydes kai tis giagiades h se kapoia qeia, akoma kai se makrino syggenh. Traymata anejithla afhse h istoria ayth kai sta paidia kai stoys goneis. Ta paidia, poy kapoia apo ayta kala- kala den qymontan toys goneis, pasxizan na einai ypodeigma. Oi de goneis, poy ta eblepan na megalwnoyn mesa apo tis fwtografies, ``jegeloysan'' ton eayto toys, me thn parhgoria pws o,ti ekanan htan gia to diko toys kalo.

    Sygkinhtikes einai kai oi istories twn gynaikwn, poy emenan, synhqws polles mazi, se ena dwmatio, opoy kaqe brady, meta th doyleia, eklaigan aparhgorhtes, ta prwta xronia. Eprepe, omws, na antejoyn.

    ``Osmizomastan ta royxa ths mhteras, otan thn nostalgoysame''

    Mia apo tis treis kores ths oikogeneias Zaxarakh, h Iwanna apo th Xrysomhlia Kalampakas, geythke apo mikrh thn pikra poy eniwsan ta paidia twn metanastwn poy emeinan pisw.

    ``Hmoyn molis oktw etwn, otan h mhtera mas, Sofia Zaxarakh, efyge gia th Germania, gia na ergastei se ergostasio sokolatas sto Aaxen, mazi me th qeia moy. Qymamai akoma kai shmera oti parakalagame na pane ola kala ekei sth Germania, wste na mporesei h mhtera mas na gyrisei sto spiti. Kaqe fora poy th nostalgoysame phgainame sthn ntoylapa gia na osmistoyme th myrwdia twn royxwn ths'', afhgeitai sto APE-MPE h Iwanna Zaxarakh, poy shmera zei sto Solingken ths Germanias.

    Kai synexizei, me dakrya sta matia: ``H monh mas parhgoria, ta grammata kai oi fwtografies poy pairname. Kai emeis stelname tis dikes mas, olo xamogela, gia na mhn katalaboyn th stenaxwria mas. Sto pisw meros twn fwtografiwn ixnhlatoysame ta xerakia mas gia na dei h mhtera poso megalwsame''.

    Tis doyleies toy spitioy tis eixan analabei- ej' oloklhroy- oi treis adelfes, paidoyles akomh. Zymwnan, koybalagan jyla, frontizan kai ton pappoy, poy htan arrwstos. Apo 14 etwn, h Iwanna anagkasthke na zhsei monh ths sthn Kalampaka, opoy oloklhrwse tis spoydes ths. Ton Oktwbrio toy 1981, tajidece monh ths me to traino ``Akropolh'', gia na paei stoys goneis ths, sth Germania.

    To paqos ths na antameicei toys kopoys kai tis qysies poy eginan gi' aythn, thn odhghse sto na spoydasei germanikh filologia kai koinwniologia. Shmera, didaskei sta panepisthmia toy Mpoxoym kai toy Ntiselntorf, exontas ejeidikeytei se qemata metanasteyshs kai diapolitismikothtas.

    Exei sto energhtiko ths polla syggrammata, enw twra einai se ejelijh ena programma ths, gia maqhtes hlikias 10-13 etwn, poy hdh efarmozetai sto peiramatiko sxoleio toy Solingken.

    ``To programma ayto, poy apeyqynetai oxi mono stoys maqhtes, alla kai stoys goneis kai toys daskaloys, exei ws stoxo thn anatrofh twn ajiwn ekeinwn poy qa enisxysoyn to sebasmo pros to synanqrwpo, ena qema poy apasxolei idiaitera th germanikh koinwnia'', tonizei h ka Zaxarakh, ekfrazontas thn elpida na metaferqei to programma kai sthn Ellada, poy twra exei ginei xwra ypodoxhs metanastwn.

    H Iwanna Zaxarakh, eklegetai, edw kai deka xronia, dhmotikos symboylos sthn polh toy Solingken, enw einai melos ths Syntonistikhs Epitrophs toy Diktyoy Ellhnwn Airetwn Topikhs Aytodioikhshs.

    Ena apo ta eponomazomena paidia ``balitsa'', qymataib¦

    Ta paidika toy xronia ta qymatai ws ena ateleiwto ``phgaine-ela'', metajy Elladas- Germanias. O logos gia ton Sebasto Samcoynh, antiproedro ths Etaireias Ellhnwn Syggrafewn Germanias kai idiokthth toy ekdotikoy oikoy "Grossenwahn Verlag Frankfurt Am Main", sth Frankfoyrth.

    Thn prwth fora poy ton afhsan oi goneis toy sth giagia toy, sto Tyxero Ebroy, ap' opoy katagontan o pateras, htan molis triwn mhnwn. Akloyqhsan alles epta metoikhseis. Tis prwtes tajeis toy Dhmotikoy tis teleiwse sto Tyxero, tis ypoloipes sto Ntarmstant, enw sth diarkeia toy Gymnasioy ypoxrewqhke n' allajei treis diaforetikes poleis sthn Ellada. Lykeio teleiwse sth Frankfoyrth.

    ``O pateras hrqe sth Germania to 1963 kai arxika doylece se anqrakwryxeio toy Essen. H mhtera hrqe argotera, to 1965, otan apofasisan na egkatastaqoyn sto Ntarmstant, opoy kai gennhqhka'', ejistorei sto APE-MPE o Sebastos Samcoynhs. ``Anhkw sta paidia deyterhs genias, ta eponomazomena kai 'paidia balitsa', afoy perasa olh moy thn paidikh hlikia, me mia balitsa sto xeri'' mas leei kai synexizei: ``Megalwsame xwris na gnwrizoyme kala toys goneis mas. Moy eleipe poly h oikogeneia. Th storgh twn goniwn moy thn anaplhrwne h oikogeneia ths qeias moy, thn opoia fwnaza mama. Otan elegan ta jadelfia moy oti den einai dikh moy (mama), alla dikh toys, kai pws h dikh moy htan sth Germania, eklaiga. Den mporoysa tote na katalabw giati eprepe synexws h mhtera moy na einai kapoy alloy kai oxi mazi moy. Jerete oti, to kaqe paidi xreiazetai mia idiaiterh frontida kai oso na se prosexoyn, oyte oi giagiades oyte oi qeies mporoyn na anaplhrwsoyn thn agkalia ths mhteras kai toy patera''.

    Shmera, sta 44 toy xronia, o Sebastos synaisqanetai oti ayta poy ezhse htan mia anagkaiothta, an kai polles fores, sto parelqon, kathgoroyse toys goneis toy gia osa pernoyse.

    ``Ta xronia ekeina, ta nea zeygaria, par' oles tis desmeyseis poy eixan, ekanan oikogeneia kai paidia, opws allwste oloi oi Ellhnes, alla kai oi allhs eqnikothtas metanastes sth Germania. Pisteyan pws qa emenan mono gia liga xronia sthn Germania kai pws qa epestrefan grhgora pisw, gi' ayto kai estelnan ta paidia toys sthn Ellada se pappoydes kai qeioys, prokeimenoy na pane se ellhniko sxoleio kai na mhn apokopoyn apo thn ellhnikh pragmatikothta. Proswpika, meta ta 16 moy xronia arxisa na denomai me toys goneis moy'', mas leei.

    Telika, o Sebastos katafere ``na staqei'' sta podia toy kai, opws ejomologeitai, h eyaisqhsia ayth twn paidiwn toy xronwn dioxeteythke sto gracimo kai th zwgrafikh. Jekinhse apo ta 13 toy xronia, grafontas stixoys- dyo eginan kai tragoydia laika- alla den synexise. To 1995, ejedwse mia poihtikh syllogh, ``H akoloyqia ths Alwsews'', me dika toy sxedia kai poly argotera, to 2005, ejedwse to prwto toy myqistorhma ``H epikindynh synhqeia na aisqanomai'', apo ths ekdoseis B. Kyriakidh. To 2009, eikonografhse ena paidiko biblio ths gnwsths syggrafews, Elenhs Tsakmakhs, metanastria kai ayth sth Germania. Ayto poy qa epiqymoyse o k. Samcoynhs, einai na proballei, mesa apo ton ekdotiko toy oiko, ta erga syggrafewn, poy grafoyn sta germanika, exontas megalwsei anamesa se dyo patrides.

    ``Oi anqrwpoi aytoi exoyn na poyne polla se sxesh me oloys toys alloys, poy exoyn megalwsei me mia patrida, mia oikogeneia. Proswpika, aisqanomai shmera yperoxa poy eixa ayth thn tyxh. Dystyxws, kapoia apo ta paidia poy megalwsan, opws egw, den kataferan pote na isorrophsoyn, kanontas akoma kai laqos epiloges'', leei o Sebastos.

    Anamesa se dyo patrides

    Gennhqhke sthn Kolonia, apo patera Ellhna, apo thn Kabala kai mhtera Germanida. O 39xronos, shmera, dhmosiografos Emmanoyhl Gkogkos, asxolhqhke eidikotera, ta teleytaia xronia, me to qema ths metanasteyshs twn Ellhnwn, synaisqanomenos o idios thn anagkh na anatrejei stis rizes toy.

    Me dikh toy prwtoboylia sygkentrwqhke ena megalo fwtografiko arxeio, apo ta prwta xronia twn Ellhnwn sth Germania. To yliko ayto apotelese kai th bash ths ekqeshs ``Ellhnikh metanasteysh sth Germania 1960-1980'', thn opoia epimelhqhke o idios, gia logariasmo toy Kentroy Tekmhriwshs kai toy Moyseioy DOMiD, ths Kolwnias.

    ``Patrida moy einai h Germania, agapw poly omws kai thn Ellada'', dhlwnei sto APE-MPE, o k. Gkogkos, o opoios exei spoydasei germanikh filologia kai filosofia.

    ``H ekqesh ayth- prosqetei- htan ena xreos pros ton patera moy kai pros oloys toys Ellhnes, poy hrqan sth Germania proswrina, eginan omws anapospasto kommati ths topikhs koinwnias''.

    H fwtografikh ekqesh paroysiazei th diadromh twn Ellhnwn metanastwn apo ta kapnoxwrafa ths ftwxhs mesogeiakhs xwras stis grammes paragwghs twn germanikwn etaireiwn, apo ton eyry oikogeneiako kyklo sth monajia twn ergatikwn estiwn, apo tis synaisqhmatika fortismenes skhnes apoxairetismoy ews th stadiakh egkatastash sth ``deyterh patrida''.

    Keimeno: D. Rimpa

    [08] "Meiwsh ths spatalhs"

    "Prospaqoyme ws ypoyrgeio kai ws Kybernhsh na meiwsoyme th dapanh sto xwro toy farmakoy, oxi sterwntas toys asqeneis apo ta farmaka toys, alla meiwnontas th spatalh, to orgio synallaghs. Exoyme kanei kapoia prwta bhmata kai xreiazomaste polla perissotera mesa stoys epomenoys mhnes, se o,ti afora thn ejoikonomhsh sto sygkekrimeno tomea mexri to telos toy 2010", dhlwse o ypoyrgos Ergasias meta th synanthsh toy me toys armodioys foreis gia to farmako.

    H eishghsh mas htan eishghsh-ekklhsh gia na yparjoyn symfwnies. Oloi na meiwsoyn to kerdos toys, oytws wste na ejyphrethqei h patrida, na ejyphrethqoyn oi polites ths. Sto telos, kleinontas th syzhthsh, eipa oti den akoysthkan oi protaseis aytes kai oloi symfwnhsan oti aytes oi protaseis qa akoystoyn thn epomenh Deytera opoy ta synarmodia ypoyrgeia qa syskefqoyme me aytoys toys foreis, gia na doyme ti akribws qa prepei na ginei twra, edw kai twra, oytws wste h Ellada na petyxei stoys stoxoys ths. Malista oi idioi oi foreis proteinan, oti h syskech ayth den qa teleiwsei an den breqei h lysh poy h Ellada exei anagkh. Ws ypoyrgeio plhrwnoyme para polla, ws xwra den exoyme ayta ta xrhmata gia na plhrwsoyme gia spatales kai gia synallages katw apo to trapezi, prepei oloi na anadiplwqoyn, prepei oloi na katalaboyn thn krisimothta twn stigmwn, prepei oloi na symfwnhsoyme sto oti qa balei o enas ton eayto toy ligo pio pisw, prokeimenoy na paei mprosta h Ellada", anefere o k. Loberdos.

    Erwthqeis o k. Loberdos gia to xrono efarmoghs toy neoy asfalistikoy tonise "oti yparxoyn anoixtes syzhthseis me thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph se o,ti afora ryqmiseis toy Asfalistikoy. O adiaceystos martyras gia thn prosdokwmenh epityxia kaqe politikhs, einai oi analogistikes meletes poy sthrizoyne tis protaseis mas. Tis analogistikes aytes meletes qa tis exoyme etoimes thn Paraskeyh. Kaqe epixeirhma gia thn A h B ryqmish exei th bash toy, ta epixeirhmata yper toy egxeirhmatos briskoyn th bash toy, olh h syzhthsh ginete me krithrio toys ariqmoys poy prokyptoyn apo tis analogistikes meletes. Ara, loipon, apo thn Paraskeyh kai meta, otan qa milame me bash toys ariqmoys poy qa apodeiknyoyn thn biwsimothta toy systhmatos, qa mporoyme na exoyme para poly eykoloterh synennohsh kai me thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph".

    Epistolh ths GSEE

    ``Qa eishghqw na mhn proselqoyme sth synanthsh poy proteinete'' tonizei o proedros ths GSEE se epistolh-apanthsh toy ypoyrgoy Ergasias Andrea Loberdoy, stoys koinwnikoys etairoys gia dialogo se o,ti afora tis allages, poy prowqoyntai sthn agora ergasias kai stis ergasiakes sxeseis (orio apolysewn, ycos apozhmiwsewn, prosfygh ston OMED, oroi apasxolhshs, katwtatos misqos).

    O G.Panagopoylos kathgorei thn kybernhsh oti enw akomh den exei ypografei nea Eqnikh Genikh Syllogikh Symbash Ergasias dinei epipleon ``opla'' stoys ergodotes kai idiws ston SEB, nomoqetwntas tis kryfes epidiwjeis toys -akomh kai tis anomologhtes- gia apodiarqrwsh kai peraiterw elastikopoihsh ths agoras ergasias.

    Opws xarakthristika anaferei o k. Panagopoylos ``epixeireitai prwtofanhs parembash kai sto periexomeno ths EGSSE (shmeia eb kai stb ths qematologias) kati poy oyte oi idioi oi ergodotes exoyn apotolmhsei''.

    ``Den qa parastoyme se diadikasies poy kyriolektika apajiwnoyn kaqe ennoia oysiastikhs diaboyleyshs, metatrepontas thn se 'koinwniko analghtiko''' tonizei akomh o k. Panagopoylos, enw prosqetei oti:

    ``An para ta adika kai epwdyna dhmosionomika metra qelete n' anafereste stis dynameis ths ergasias mia kai monh epilogh yparxei: n'aposyrete kaqe idea nomoqetikhs parembashs eite stis symbaseis, eite sta oria apolysewn, eite stis apozhmiwseis k.l.p. Arnhqeite na nomoqethsete tis apaithseis twn ergodotwn kai askeiste pieseis prokeimenoy na ypogracoyn Symbaseis ws to mono qesmo dieyqethshs diaforwn kai epilyshs problhmatwn''.

    [09] Erwthsh gia thn oikonomia

    O Proedros ths Neas Dhmokratias qa milhsei, to apogeyma, sth Syndiaskech toy kommatos gia Atoma me Anaphria, sto jenodoxeio Divani Caravel.

    Thn prwth toy epikairh erwthsh pros ton prwqypoyrgo, kateqese o proedros ths ND Antwnhs Samaras, me epikentro tis diadikasies daneismoy ths xwras, thn epiqesh twn kerdoskopwn kai th diadikasia diakanonismoy twn synallagwn gia ta ellhnika omologa.

    O k.Samaras epikaleitai toso koinoboyleytikes parembaseis boyleytwn toy PASOK, oso kai dhmosieymata ston typo ``sxetika me thn organwsh ths xwras enanti twn kerdoskopikwn epiqesewn poy shmeiwqhkan apo ton Noembrio toy 2009 ews ton Aprilio toy 2010 kai odhghsan praktika se adynamia daneismoy''.

    ``Askeitai drimytath kritikh sto Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn kai sthn Trapeza ths Elladas gia paraleiceis kai prajeis antistoixws, poy odhghsan se allagh twn diadikasiwn diakanonismoy twn synallagwn gia ta ellhnika omologa. Mia allagh poy prokalese megala periqwria ypotimhtikhs kerdoskopias kai xeiragwghshs se baros toys'', tonizei o proedros ths ND kai kalei ton prwqypoyrgo na apanthsei ``gia th qesh ths kybernhshs epi toy sobarotatoy aytoy qematos''.

    [10] "Allagh politikhs"

    Epiqesh kata ths kybernhshs ejapelyse o proedros toy LAOS Giwrgos Karatzaferhs, me aformh to sxedio "Kallikraths" kai thn oikonomia, zhtwntas allagh politikhs kai allagh kybernhshs, proteine sygxwneyseis trapezwn, anaferomenos de sthn ejetastikh epitroph gia to Batopedi, ektimhse oti di' ayths dokimazetai h antoxh toy politikoy systhmatos.

    Sygkekrimena gia proqesh kommatikhs epibolhs apo thn kybernhsh ekane logo o Giwrgos Karatzaferhs se dhlwseis toy anaferomenos sto sxedio ``Kallikraths''.

    "Me to nomo gia toys metanastes o k. Papandreoy kataskeyazei chfoforoys - misqoforoys. Me ton ``Kallikrath'' kobei kai rabei tis eklogikes perifereies sta metra poy ton ejyphretoyn. Ola ayta einai safws elegxomena dhmokratika kai safws epikindyna gia ton topo'', eipe o k.Karatzaferhs.

    Epishs kathgorhse thn kybernhsh gia kaqysterhseis sth lhch apofasewn sthn oikonomia kai tonise oti to ``nai'' ths ypeyqynothtas yposthrixqhke apo ton LAOS sto Koinoboylio mono kai mono gia na kerdisoyme xrono, enw - opws yposthrije - to ``oxi'' ths aneyqynothtas, hdh, qa eixe ptwxeysei th xwra.

    ``Ayto to xrono, omws, poy kerdisame den exoyme dikaiwma na ton spatalame me steires politikes'', eipe, yposthrizontas oti xreiazetai allagh politikhs kai allagh kybernhshs kai prosqese:

    ``Oi agores zygisan kai metrhsan thn kybernhsh Papandreoy kai th briskoyn elliph. Xreiazetai gennaiothta kai apofasistikothta kai se kapoia pragmata dystyxws ysterei h kybernhsh toy PASOK''.

    Anaferomenos sthn krish o proedros toy LAOS yposthrije oti ``xreiazetai aparaithtws sygxwneysh twn Trapezwn'', giati ``to pragma den trabaei'' kai ektimhse oti oso argoyme, toso megistopoieitai to problhma.

    Proteine th sygxwneysh ths Eqnikhs, ths Agrotikhs kai toy Taxydromikoy Tamieythrioy, ektimwntas oti ``mporoyn na apotelesoyn ena asfales oxhma gia na bgaloyn to Trapeziko systhma ths Ellados apo thn krish'' kai ejefrase thn elpida oti ``oi iqynontes qa antilhfqoyn thn anagkaiothta kai qa proboyn stis analoges kinhseis''.

    Telos anaferomenos sthn ejetastikh epitroph gia to Batopedi, ektimhse oti ``testaretai'' h antoxh toy politikoy systhmatos, prosqetontas oti ``kapoioi hdh ``kiotecan''.

    Kai katelhje:

    ``Kapoioi alloi qeloyn na paijoyn paixnidia ``rebansismoy'' kai emeis qeloyme thn alhqeia kai mono thn alhqeia. Kapoioi thn foboyntai. Emeis qa epimenoyme mexri teloys''.

    [11] "Sklhrotera metra"

    "H Eyrwpaikh Epitroph kai to Dieqnes Nomismatiko Tameio piezoyn gia akoma sklhrotera metra, perissoteres perikopes stis syntajeis kai diarqrwtikes allages stis ergasiakes sxeseis. Symfwna me plhrofories h troika proteinei h plhrhs syntajh na xorhgeitai ystera apo 40 xronia ergasias enw osoi epilegoyn na bgoyn me 35 xronia, qa pairnoyn meiwmenh syntajh kata 30%. Taytoxrona apeleyqerwnontai oi apolyseis, o katwtatos misqos neoproslambanomenoy qa paei sta 600 eyrw mikta kai briskomaste mprosta se mia oloklhrwtikh epikrathsh toy ergasiakoy mesaiwna. Epishs sta sxedia ths kybernhshs amesa einai h ekpoihsh toy dhmosioy ploytoy ths xwras kai h ekxwrhsh toy sto idiwtiko kefalaio", tonizei o proedros ths KO toy SYRIZA se epikairh erwthsh ston Prwqypoyrgo me qema "Anatropes sto asfalistiko systhma kai tis ergasiakes sxeseis".

    O k. Tsipras erwta ton prwqypoyrgo an:

    -Protiqetai na kanei dektes tis protaseis toy ypotiqemenoy mhxanismoy sthrijhs;

    -Gia poio logo h kybernhsh syzhta me thn troika qemata poy den einai armodiothta kanenos alloy plhn ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs;

    -Exei ypologisei h kybernhsh se ti qa syneisferoyn ayta ta metra kai h ekpoihsh toy dhmosioy ploytoy sthn meiwsh toy xreoys; Exei ypologisei to oikonomiko kai koinwniko kostos apo thn efarmogh ths sklhroterhs neofileleyqerhs politikhs poy exei gnwrisei o topos;"

    [12] Se kalo klima

    Shmera qa pragmatopoihqei h prwth synanthsh twn Dhmhtrh Xristofia kai Nterbis Erogloy sto plaisio twn apeyqeias diapragmateysewn.

    Filikh atmosfaira epikrathse sto xqesino deipno, poy pareqese o eidikos symboylos toy g.g. toy OHE, Alejanter Ntaoyner ston proedro ths Kypriakhs Dhmokratias Dhmhtrh Xristofia kai ston toyrkokyprio hgeth Nterbis Erogloy kai stis syzygoys toys.

    Meta to deipno o k. Ntaoyner anefere oti ola phgan kala kai prosqese oti den syzhthqhkan politika qemata.

    O k. Xristofias anefere oti htan h prwth koinwnikh synanthsh me ton k. Erogloy kai h oti h syzhthsh yphrje poly filikh. Prosqese oti h syzygos toy Ersh kai h syzygos toy k. Erogloy, Meral, perasan to idio pono, afoy eixan adelfoys agnooymenoys.

    O k. Erogloy anefere oti perasan ena wraio brady kai ejefrase thn elpida oi diapragmateyseis na einai epoikodomhtikes.

    [13] Klimakwsh ths entashs

    H Boreia Korea proeidopoihse shmera Tetarth oti qa diakocei thn odikh syndesh mesw twn aysthra froyroymenwn synorwn ths me th Notia Korea ean h Seoyl arxisei ekpompes propagandas--kati poy qa odhghsei ston termatismo ths metaforas anqrwpwn kai agaqwn anamesa stis dyo xwres kai ths leitoyrgias enos koinoy biomhxanikoy parkoy.

    To mhnyma ayto perilambanetai se anakoinwqen toy Boreiokoreatikoy stratoy poy apeyqynetai sth Notia Korea kai metadoqhke apo to kratiko eidhseografiko praktoreio KCNA.

    H Notia Korea sxediazei na arxisei thn metadosh mhnymatwn mesw megafwnwn poy qa apeyqynontai stoys polites ths Boreias Koreas, praktikh poy eixe diakopei prin eji xronia. H kinhsh entassetai sta antipoina enantion ths Piongkgiangk, thn opoia h Seoyl kathgorei oti torpilise mia korbeta toy polemikoy ths naytikoy ton Martio--otan eixan brei to qanato 46 naytikoi.

    Ekatontades notiokoreates pernoyn kaqhmerina ta synora gia na ergastoyn sto biomhxaniko parko Kesongk.

    H nea klimakwsh stis dimereis sxeseis shmeiwqhke merikes wres prin thn afijh ths amerikanidas ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn Xilari Klinton sth Seoyl apo to Pekino, sto plaisio periodeias ths sthn Asia.


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