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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-06-01

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Enhmerwsh gia thn amyntikh politikh
  • [02] Allages sta entypa logariasmwn DEH
  • [03] Syzhthsh gia ta chfiaka mesa
  • [04] 135 nekroi apo thn kataigida "Agkaqa"
  • [05] Ptolemaida: To xwma poy .. flegetai
  • [06] Aysthrotera metra
  • [07] Kaqolikh apagoreysh
  • [08] Syskech gia to farmako
  • [09] Neo programma
  • [10] En mesw antidrasewn

    [01] Enhmerwsh gia thn amyntikh politikh

    Gia qemata poy aforoyn thn katastash twn Enoplwn Dynamewn kai thn amyntikh politikh ths xwras, enhmerwsan ton arxhgo ths Ajiwmatikhs Antipoliteyshs Antwnh Samara, h politikh kai stratiwtikh hgesia toy ypoyrgeioy Eqnikhs Amynas.

    Toso o k. Samaras oso kai o k. Benizelos se dhlwseis toys katesthsan safes oti h oikonomikh dyspragia den ephreazei thn amyntikh kai ejwterikh politikh ths xwras, gia thn opoia apaiteitai h megisth eqnikh synainesh.

    "Syzhthsame gia krisima zhthmata stis Enoples Dynameis, aytes tis krisimes wres kai enhmerwsame thn hgesia toy ypoyrgeioy Eqnikhs Amynas gia th sterea apoch mas, pws prepei pash qysia h oikonomikh dyspragia na mhn ephreasei to polytimo ajiomaxo twn Enoplwn Dynamewn kai to hqiko kai to fronhma twn stelexwn twn Enoplwn Dynamewn, to opoio apaitei synainesh, prosoxh kai ajiokratikh frontida" dhlwse o k. Samaras.

    Qewrw, synexise, oti aytes tis dyskoles wres se tetoia zhthmata mporoyme mazi na parakoloyqoyme ta symbainonta kai na syndiamorfwnoyme apoceis.

    Parallhla, katesthse safes oti "ayta ta sobara zhthmata den prepei na ta rijoyme sthn antipalothta ths kommatikhs diapalhs".

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o ypoyrgos Amynas Eyaggelos Benizelos dhlwse oti "apotelei qesmikh ypoxrewsh na enhmerwsoyme ton arxhgo ths Ajiwmatikhs Antipoliteyshs, xwris kanena fragmo aporrhtoy gia ta qemata ths amyntikhs politikhs kai oi epafes aytes qa synexistoyn".

    Parallhla, epishmane thn anagkh eqnikhs enothtas kai megisths synaineshs, wste na diathrhsoyme to ajiomaxo twn Enoplwn Dynamewn, to fronhma toy proswpikoy kai na enisxysoyme thn diplwmatikh isxy ths xwras.

    Katesthse de safes oti h ejwterikh kai h amyntikh politikh ths xwras den kamptetai gia logoys oikonomikoys kai dhmosionomikoys.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh gia to syntajiodotiko twn stelexwn twn Enoplwn Dynamewn o k. Benizelos epanelabe oti prohgeitai h diamorfwsh toy genikoy syntajiodotikoy nomosxedioy, qa akoloyqhsei apo to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn to nomiko plaisio gia toys dhmosioys ypallhloys kai sth synexeia qa yparjoyn eidikes ryqmiseis gia to enstolo proswpiko.

    Parallhla, dieykrinise oti den yparxei tipota to sygkekrimeno, parathrhse omws oti oi stratiwtikoi teloyn ypo eidiko kaqestws kai eidikes synqhkes.

    H synanthsh dihrkese dyomisi wres kai symmeteixan se ayth o anaplhrwths ypoyrgos Eqnikhs Amynas Panos Mpegliths, stelexh toy kommatos ths Ajiwmatikhs Antipoliteyshs kai h hgesia twn Enoplwn Dynamewn.

    [02] Allages sta entypa logariasmwn DEH

    Allages sta entypa twn logariasmwn ths DEH kai twn loipwn promhqeytwn energeias to argotero se ena xrono problepei nomosxedio toy ypoyrgeioy Periballontos, Energeias kai Klimatikhs Allaghs, wste na perilambanoyn stoixeia poy qa bohqoyn ton katanalwth sthn ejoikonomhsh energeias. Me to idio nomosxedio, poy katateqhke sth Boylh, qespizetai diadikasia xrhmatodothshs ependysewn ejoikonomhshs energeias apo tritoys, kai apoplhrwmh toy kostoys ependyshs me thn ekxwrhsh meroys toy ofeloys poy prokyptei apo th meiwsh twn logariasmwn.

    To nomosxedio "Metra gia th beltiwsh ths energeiakhs apodoshs kata thn telikh xrhsh, energeiakes yphresies kai alles diatajeis" problepei, analytikotera, ta ejhs:

    -Se diasthma enos etoys oi promhqeytes hlektrikhs energeias kai fysikoy aerioy qa prepei na perilambanoyn stoys logariasmoys poy stelnoyn stoys telikoys katanalwtes, ta akoloyqa stoixeia: a) thn pragmatikh katanalwsh energeias kai thn antistoixh pragmatikh timh , b) sygkritika stoixeia ths katanalwshs toy pelath kata th xronikh periodo poy afora o logariasmos se sxesh me thn katanalwsh toy kata thn idia periodo toy prohgoymenoy etoys kai g) stoixeia epikoinwnias organwsewn katanalwtwn, forewn kai organismwn kaqws kai dieyqynseis diadiktyakwn topwn, mesw twn opoiwn einai dynato na lambanontai plhrofories sxetika me diaqesima metra beltiwshs ths energeiakhs apodoshs, typika xarakthristika energeiakhs katanalwshs h kai texnikes prodiagrafes gia energeiako ejoplismo.

    -Stadiaka, qa antikatastaqoyn kai oi metrhtes wste na apeikonizoyn thn pragmatikh energeiakh katanalwsh kai na parexoyn plhrofories gia ton pragmatiko xrono xrhshs, "otan ayto einai oikonomikws eylogo kai analogo pros th dynhtikh ejoikonomhsh energeias". Pantws ola ta "rologia" poy topoqetoyntai se kainoyrgies syndeseis h se antikatastash paliwn prepei na kalyptoyn aytes tis prodiagrafes.

    -Qespizetai "Symbash Energeiakhs Apodoshs" metajy toy katanalwth kai ths Epixeirhshs Energeiakwn Yphresiwn sto plaisio ths opoias o telikos katanalwths analambanei thn ypoxrewsh na katabalei sthn EEY symbatiko oikonomiko antallagma ths parexomenhs energeiakhs yphresias me bash thn ejoikonomhsh energeias poy epitygxanetai. To oikonomiko antallagma ths EEY synistatai se pososto epi toy oikonomikoy ofeloys poy prokyptei apo thn ejoikonomhsh energeias toy telikoy katanalwth.

    -Problepetai h qespish, me Ypoyrgikh apofash, Kanonismoy promhqeiwn gia ta oxhmata toy Dhmosioy kai toy eyryteroy dhmosioy tomea poy qa qetei prodiagrafes gia thn energeiakh apodosh twn oxhmatwn. Epishs, me allh apofash qa oristei posostwsh kaqarwn oxhmatwn, (opws hlektrika, ybridika, fysikoy aerioy, biokaysimoy, ydrogonoy) stis dhmosies yphresies kai organismoys, diadikasia antikatastashs twn palaiwn mesaiwn kai barewn oxhmatwn toy Dhmosioy kai eyryteroy dhmosioy tomea dhmosias xrhshs anw twn 3,5 tonwn kai hlikias anw ths dekaetias, kai diadikasia promhqeias oxhmatwn me bash thn etiketa oikonomias kaysimoy, ws krithrio epiloghs.

    -Tiqetai eqnikos endeiktikos stoxos ejoikonomhshs energeias 9 % ws to 2016 se sxesh me thn periodo 2001 - 2005.

    [03] Syzhthsh gia ta chfiaka mesa

    To Twitter, to Faceboook, to Youtube, ta Blogs, einai merika apo ta pio diadedomena chfiaka mesa poy synexws "kerdizoyn" olo kai perissoteroys xrhstes ana ton kosmo. Einai ergaleia doyleias, epikoinwnias, prowqhshs proiontwn, idewn, plhroforiwn kai cyxagwgias. Gia thn pleiochfia twn newn kai gia anqrwpoys ejoikeiwmenoys me thn texnologia, einai enas kainoyrios chfiakos kosmos me aperioristes dynatothtes.

    Apoceis kai problhmatismoi sxetika me ta parapanw katateqhkan se ekdhlwsh, poy pragmatopoihqhke sto "The Art Foundation" sthn Aqhna, me aformh thn paroysiash toy e-book me titlo ``Pws qa einai to 2012 to marketingk, ta mintia kai h epikoinwnia'', poy epimelhqhke o Staqhs Xaikalhs kai to opoio brisketai dhmosieymeno se morfh arxeioy .pdf sthn www.knowhow.gr.

    Milwntas o idios o k. Xaikalhs, idryths kai kyrios metoxos ths Communication Effect, diatypwse thn apoch oti ``dyo montela den doyleyoyn pia gia ta Mesa. To prwto einai to pagkosmio montelo, symfwna me to opoio ta Mesa dieqetan plhrofories, alla ebgazan to cwmi toys apo tis mikres aggelies kai tis diafhmiseis. To deytero montelo htan kyriws ellhniko kai symfwna me ayto ebgazan esoda oxi apo th mintiakh drasthriothta toys, alla apo th diaplokh toys me thn politikh kai thn epixeirhmatikh ejoysia''.

    Ektimhse de, oti ``to prwto montelo pneei ta loisqia pagkosmiws, to deytero exei xasei -sthn Ellada toy DNT- thn basikh arxh leitoyrgias'' kai proeblece oti ``h Ellada toy DNT den qa mporei epb oydeni na kalycei ta kosth anw twn 50 hmerhsiwn efhmeridwn eqnikhs kykloforias, poy bgainoyn sta periptera th dekaetia 2000-2010''.

    O symboylos Dioikhshs gia e-business kai plhroforikh ths Eurobank, Basilhs Trapezanogloy yposthrije oti ``enas mplogker den einai ekdoths, wstoso enas ekdoths mporei na xrhsimopoihsei ta chfiaka mesa'' kai ektimhse oti ``ean ferqoyn ejypna, ta paradosiaka, mesa me th xrhsh twn chfiakwn meswn, mporoyn na dhmioyrghsoyn mia kainoyria kanonikothta''. ``H enhmerwsh den einai mono to sxolio. Einai polla perissotera pragmata. Einai h analysh, h istorikh tekmhriwsh, to arxeiako yliko'' anefere o k. Trapezanogloy kai katelhje legontas oti ``h ajiopoihsh paradosiakoy ylikoy, se syndyasmo me ta kainoyria mesa mporoyn na dwsoyn kati pragmatika kainoyrio''.

    O dhmosiografos Foibos Karzhs anefere oti ston paradosiako kosmo twn meswn, enas ekdoths mporoyse na elegjei thn roh ths plhroforias, wstoso ston sygxrono ``kosmo twn Digital Media kaneis den mporei na sterhsei th diakinhsh ths plhroforias'' kai epishmane oti apo th stigmh poy to katalaboyn ayto oi ekdotes twn paradosiakwn meswn, mporoyn na apokthsoyn ena ``shmantiko pleonekthma, apoktwntas yperoxh sto diadiktyo''.

    ``O 20os aiwnas efyge prin apo deka xronia. Prepei na afhsoyme pisw ta montela toy perasmenoy aiwna kai na prosarmostoyme sta nea dedomena twn chfiakwn meswn'' tonise h Dieyqynoysa Symboylos ths etairias ereynwn tnsicap, Lina Sari. Milwntas gia th shmasia twn newn meswn ston xwro toy paradosiakoy marketingk, h k. Sari anefere oti ``sto ejhs den qa yparxoyn diafhmistikes etairies opws tis jeroyme, enw qa epibiwsoyn mono aytes poy qa exoyn prosarmostei stis nees synqhkes. Oi ypoloipes, an den allajoyn, qa peqanoyn'' anefere xarakthristika h ka Sari.

    O antiproedros ths Communication Effect, Teemu Lehtinen anaferomenos sth megalh shmasia twn sygxronwn chfiakwn meswn sthn epikoinwnia, tonise oti ``mporoyn na bohqhsoyn shmantika sth diaxeirish krisewn, apotelwntas shmantika ergaleia'' poy mporoyn na bohqhsoyn amesa kai grhgora sthn apokatastash ths alhqeias, sto na diorqwqoyn tyxon laqh, na diathreitai synexh epikoinwnia gia oso diarkei h krish, sth dhmioyrgia kai trofodosia enos diktyoy filwn kai synergatwn kai sthn epanakthsh telika ths empistosynhs mias etairias. Milwntas gia thn epirroh poy mporei na exoyn ta sygxrona mesa ston xwro twn paradosiakwn meswn, o k. Lehtinen anefere oti ``oloi foboyntai otan xanoyn ton elegxo, wstoso den prepei na fobomaste kati to kainoyrio''.

    Anaferomenos telos stis ragdaies ejelijeis kai tis allages poy symbainoyn ston xwro twn MME, o k. Xaikalhs anaferei sto mplogk toy, se arqro toy sxetiko me to biblio, oti ``enas praktikos kanonas leei oti se mia xwra opoy exoyn megales dyskolies oi qesmoi kai to kratos, se aythn apoktoyn eykairia ta media'' kai symplhrwnei oti ``aytoi oi ligoi poy qa epwfelhqoyn apo ayth thn eykairia qa einai ekeinoi oi opoioi, kata basin, qa syndyasoyn tesseris kinhseis:

    1. Ependysh sth dhmosiografia kai sto periexomeno.

    2. Ependysh stoys neoys: H epibiwsh twn media perna mesa apo thn stratologhsh (oxi aplws proslhch) newn anqrwpwn, oi opoioi qa mpoyn me kaqarh matia, me teleia gnwsh toy Internet kai xwris ``baridia'' sth maxh ths plhroforhshs.

    3. Ependysh sto Internet qa exoyn poly megala ofelh oi prwtoi 2-3 omiloi oi opoioi qa ependysoyn oysiastika, me sxedio kai afierwnontas pragmatika (plhn sxetikws mikra) kefalaia sthn ypoqesh.

    4. Ependysh se proswpikothtes, stis nees ``ypografes'': ta anagnwrisima proswpa apo thn thleorash exoyn thn ajia kai thn epirroh toys, alla ayto den mporei na ypokatasthsei thn anagkh gia epaggelmaties afosiwmenoys sto Meson poy dialejan (ton Typo, to radiofwno, to diadiktyako keimeno/binteo/fwto)''.

    [04] 135 nekroi apo thn kataigida "Agkaqa"

    Oi isxyres broxoptwseis poy exoyn proklhqei apo thn tropikh kataigida "Agkaqa" exoyn prokalesei to qanato 135 anqrwpwn sthn Kentrikh Amerikh, opoy perissoteroi apo 150.000 anqrwpoi exoyn apomakrynqei apo tis esties toys apo to perasmeno sabbatokyriako ej aitias twn plhmmyrwn.

    Sth Goyatemala, poy einai h xwra poy exei plhgei perissotero apo tis broxoptwseis, oi arxes exoyn katagracei to qanato 109 anqrwpwn apo th Deytera.

    Perissoteroi apo 100.000 anqrwpoi exoyn apomakrynqei apo tis perioxes ychloy kindynoy sth Goyatemala. Perissoteroi apo toys misoys qanatoys exoyn katagrafei sthn eparxia Tsimaltenangko.

    Sthn Ondoyra, o ariqmos twn nekrwn anerxetai se 17 kai ennea anqrwpoi exoyn xasei th zwh toys sto El Salbantor.

    Oi arxes kai twn triwn xwrwn exoyn anakoinwsei oti exoyn proklhqei sobares katastrofes se oikies kai erga ypodomhs apo tis plhmmyres. H "Agkaqa" einai h prwth tropikh kataigida poy plhttei thn perioxh toy Eirhnikoy me thn enarjh ths epoxhs twn kyklwnwn.

    Oi sfodres broxoptwseis poy syndeontai me thn tropikh kataigida exoyn hdh ekdhlwqei sto notio Mejiko.

    [05] Ptolemaida: To xwma poy .. flegetai

    Htan stis arxes toy 1900, otan oi katoikoi ths perioxhs ths Eordaias, skabontas ligo sto xwma anakalycan oti pairnei eykola fwtia. To qeama toys synephre, toys entypwsiase kai tote oloi miloysan gia to xwma poy flegetai. Arxisan etsi na to xrhsimopoioyn, ypotypwdws, gia oikiakh xrhsh, gia qermansh. Wstoso, to emporiko daimonio twn Mikrasiatwn Giwrgoy Paylidh kai Kwstantinoy Adamopoyloy toys odhghse, peripoy sta 1930, sthn prwth systhmatikh ekmetalleysh toy lignith.

    Oi ejelijeis poy akoloyqhsan eixan th morfh xionostibadas. To 1937, h ellhnikh politeia aneqese ston Germano kaqhghth Kegkel na dienerghsei mia systhmatikh ereyna wste na diapistwqoyn ta apoqemata toy lignith. H sygkekrimenh ereyna, opws kai ekeines poy akoloyqhsan, anedeijan ena ypedafos ploysio se kaysimh ylh. Etsi, h Ptolemaida, kyriws meta ton B' Pagkosmio Polemo, breqhke sto epikentro toy panellhnioy endiaferontos ston tomea ths energeias, se mia epoxh krisimh gia oloklhrh th xwra.

    Oi prwtes ypografes mpainoyn, oi aparaithtes proetoimasies oloklhrwnontai kai to ellhniko dhmosio, oi epixeirhmaties ths Dytikhs Makedonias, akomh kai o germanikos oikos Frint Kroyp, sto plaisio ths synergasias me th germanikh kybernhsh, synergazontai gia to prwto egxeirhma aytoy toy megeqoys sth xwra: "To megalytero oneiro poy xronia oloklhra eqermaine toys katoikoys ths eparxias mas kai edide elpidas dia mia kalyteran anaptyjin kai proodon toy topoy mas, pragmatopoieitai: h lignitoforos ektasis ths Eordaias, htis perikleiei eis to ypedafos ths ekatommyria tonoys lignitoy ajiopoieitai pleon kai h perioxh mas eiserxetai eis ton biomhxanikon tomea ths xwras, me ta pleon eyoiwnoys proypoqeseis di' ena lampron mellon", grafei h efhmerida ths Ptolemaidas "Eparxiakh Fwnh", sto fyllo ths poy dhmosieyetai thn Kyriakh 4 Aygoystoy 1957.

    To dhmosieyma anaferetai sth qemeliwsh twn prwtwn lignitikwn ergwn apo ton basilia Paylo, paroysia toy epixeirhmatia ths perioxhs kai anadoxoy toy ergoy Mpodosakh Aqanasiadh, melwn ths kybernhshs, twn presbeytwn ths Amerikhs kai ths Germanias kai allwn epishmwn.

    Tote, o Mpodosakhs Aqanasiadhs eixe pei me nohma: "eimai bebaios oti h perioxh ayth, me to mexri pro oligoy eidyliakon agrotikon topion ths, qa ginei syntomws mia perioxh me sfyzoysan biomhxanikhn drasthriothta, h opoia qa dwsei lysin eis polla ek twn problhmatwn, oxi mono ths Eparxias kai toy Nomoy, alla ths Makedonias kai ths Xwras en genei".

    Etsi kai ginetai. Oi ejelijeis diadexontai h mia thn allh, opws kai ta egkainia twn dianoijewn oryxeiwn kai h leitoyrgia newn monadwn paragwghs hlektrikhs energeias. Ptolemaida, Notio Pedio, Kardia, Agios Dhmhtrios kai argotera Melith Flwrinas kai Amyntaio symmetexoyn energa sthn ekmetalleysh twn ploysiwn koitasmatwn lignith. Parallhla, h Dytikh Makedonia allazei xarakthra kai apo mia hpia agrotikh perioxh ginetai biomhxaniko kentro. Oi gewrgoi kai oi kthnotrofoi ginontai ergates sta oryxeia kai ta ypallhloi sta ergostasio, enw oi epiptwseis sto periballon kanoyn perissotero apo emfanh thn paroysia toys.

    Olh ayth thn poreia, ta oneira kai ta biwmata twn katoikwn ths perioxhs, ta dhmosieymata toy Typoy kai tis epidraseis twn gegonotwn ston energeiako xarth ths xwras mas filodojei na "kleisei" mesa toy o chfiakos moyseiakos - ekpaideytikos xwros gia thn energeia, poy prokeitai na dhmioyrghqei sthn Ptolemaida. "H idea gia th dhmioyrgia aytoy toy moyseioy anhkei sth dhmotikh arxh ths polhs, poy qelhse na diathrhsei thn istorikh diadromh enos topoy, poy einai arrhkta syndedemenh me ton lignith. Mesa apo to moyseio qa mporei kapoios na dei me parastatiko tropo pws ephreasthke h perioxh apo th DEH kai na bgalei ta dika toy symperasmata gia to pros ta poy odeyei sth synexeia", leei sto APE-MPE o dieyqynths toy Biotexnikoy Parkoy Ptolemaidas, Kwstas Nikoy.

    To moyseio qa dhmioyrghqei entos toy xwroy toy Biotexnikoy Parkoy poy qa anaptyxqei se mia ektash 560 stremmatwn. Sygkekrimena, qa stegastei ston xwro ths prwhn lipasmatobiomhxanias AEBAL, h opoia exei perielqei sthn idiokthsia toy Dhmoy. Hdh, h Anaptyjiakh Etaireia Dytikhs Makedonias ANKO, me xrhmatodothsh apo ton eidiko anaptyjiako poro gia thn perioxh, jekina moyseiografikh meleth, h opoia anamenetai na dhmoprathqei to fqinopwro. Kondylia gia thn ylopoihsh toy ergoy, ycoys 7 ekatommyriwn eyrw, qa anazhthqoyn mesw toy ESPA, ths DEH h kai idiwtwn, enw o xronikos orizontas leitoyrgias toy moyseioy topoqeteitai se 2,5 xronia apo th dhmoprathsh.

    "Stoxos toy egxeirhmatos einai to moyseio na metadidei ston episkepth biwmatika stoixeia. Sthn paroysiash qa epistrateytoyn h texnikh ths afhghshs istoriwn, h biwmatikh maqhsh, h ekqesh toy topikoy Typoy kai twn sxetikwn dhmosieymatwn, h paraqesh ploysioy fwtografikoy ylikoy" tonizei o k. Nikoy.

    Sthn prospaqeia symmetexei plhqos eidikwn -kai oxi mono- kaqws polloi einai ekeinoi, poy exoyn ergastei sklhra, epi dekaeties, gia th diathrhsh toy istorikoy ploytoy ths patridas toys.

    Enas apo aytoys einai kai o arximandriths Nikhforos Manadhs,o opoio katafere na dhmioyrghsei ena shmantiko arxeio, poy qa xrhsimopoihqei apo to moyseio. O idios agwnizetai twra na "periswsei" thn istoria twn oikismwn poy metegkaqistantai prokeimenoy na "prosferoyn" th gh toys sth DEH. Shmeio aixmhs ths prospaqeias toy einai oi oikismoi ths Pontokwmhs kai ths Mayrophghs, gia toys opoioys jekinoyn twra oi diadikasies ths metegkatastashs.

    To neo moyseio qa einai afierwmeno sto lignith, to xwma poy flegetai kai prokeitai na anadeijei ton prwtagwnistiko rolo ths Ptolemaidas ston energeiako xarth ths Elladas.

    O episkepths qa mporei na dei me ton pio parastatiko tropo kaqe kommati ths istorias ths perioxhs. Qa mporei, epishs, na bgalei kai ta dika toy symperasmata gia to an ajize telika ton kopo.

    Ep' aytoy o dieyqynths toy Biotexnikoy Parkoy Ptolemaidas, Kwstas Nikoy sxoliazei: "H perioxh gnwrise mia anaptyjh poy den qa th gnwrize, an den yphrxe o ligniths. Apo xwrio h Ptolemaida egine biomhxanikh polh. Apo thn allh, omws, pleyra oi epiptwseis sto periballon htan megales kai yparxoyn akomh erwthmatika gia to an eginan oi aparaithtes anaplaseis, ta krisima periballontika erga, gia to an h Ptolemaida plhrwse, adika h dikaiologhmena, mexris enos shmeioy, to gegonos oti shmera to onoma ths apotelei synwnymo ths rypanshs".

    Keimeno: P. Gioyltsh

    [06] Aysthrotera metra

    Mexri tis 30 Septembrioy qa ``pagwsoyn'' oi epistrofes toy Foroy Prostiqemenhs Ajias stis epixeirhseis, symfwna me osa anakoinwse thn Deytera to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn.

    Opws epishmainetai sthn anakoinwsh toy ypoyrgeioy, h 1016/1-3-2010 poy orize tis diadikasies ``pagwmatos'' twn epistrofwn, wste na elegxqoyn diejodika oles oi periptwseis prin katablhqoyn ta xrhmata, parateinetai mexri 30-9-2010.

    Aysthrotera qa einai apo shmera ta metra kata ths forodiafyghs, kaqws allazei o tropos ths epibolhs twn prostimwn apo to Swma Diwjhs Oikonomikoy Egklhmatos (S.D.O.E.). Eidikotera, opws anakoinwse to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn, sto plaisio ths efarmoghs toy Nomoy 3842/2010 ``Apokatastash forologikhs dikaiosynhs, antimetwpish ths forodiafyghs kai alles diatajeis'' toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn ypenqymizetai oti apo ayrio, 1h Ioynioy 2010, allazei o tropos epibolhs prostimwn toy Swmatos Diwjhs Oikonomikoy Egklhmatos (S.D.O.E.).

    Sygkekrimena, efoson kata th diarkeia dienergeias elegxoy sthn epaggelmatikh egkatastash toy epithdeymatia diapistwqoyn parabaseis, ta elegktika organa syntassoyn epi topoy ekqesh elegxoy kai ekdidoyn apofash epibolhs prostimoy, tis opoies epididoyn amesa ston ypoxreo. An o teleytaios arnhqei na paralabei tis prajeis, dienergeitai qyrokollhsh sto katasthma kai syntassetai sxetiko praktiko.

    Oi parabaseis gia tis opoies mporei na ekdoqei amesa ekqesh elegxoy kai apofash epibolhs prostimoy aforoyn kata kyrio logo se mh epideijh twn prosqetwn bibliwn, mh kataxwrhsh sta prosqeta biblia, mh ekdosh apodeijhs lianikhs pwlhshs h paroxhs yphresiwn, mh ekdosh timologioy h deltioy apostolhs h deltioy posotikhs paralabhs, mh ekdosh fortwtikhs h deltioy kinhshs.

    H dioikhtikh epilysh ths diaforas stis periptwseis aytes dienergeitai an katablhqei efapaj to 50% toy epiballomenoy prostimoy. Ypenqymizetai pws apo tis 23 Aprilioy isxyei oti se periptwsh askhshs prosfyghs, bebaiwnetai to 25% toy ofeilomenoy posoy prostimoy kai oxi to 10%, poy bebaiwnotan me to kaqestws prin apo to nomo 3842/2010.

    Akoma, epishmainetai oti apo thn 1h Ioynioy 2010 h mh ekdosh h h anakribhs ekdosh parastatikwn stoixeiwn pwlhshs h diakinhshs agaqwn h paroxhs yphresiwn synista poiniko adikhma kai timwreitai me poinh fylakishs toylaxiston dyo mhnwn.

    Me ta metra ayta to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn proxwra se ena akomh bhma gia thn antimetwpish ths forodiafyghs, thn enisxysh twn mhxanismwn epibolhs ths forologikhs nomoqesias kai ton periorismo toy xronoy poy mesolabei metajy parabashs kai epibolhs kyrwsewn, poy exei anagnwristei ws enas kaqoristikos paragontas dieykolynshs kai epektashs toy fainomenoy ths forodiafyghs sth xwra mas.

    Paratash gia lhjiproqesmes ofeiles

    Parateinetai ews tis 30 Ioynioy h ryqmish gia thn katabolh lhjiproqesmwn ofeilwn kai gia thn ypobolh dhlwsewn gia eisodhmata ews to 2009.

    Symfwna me anakoinwsh toy to Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn anaferei:

    Me tis diatajeis twn arqrwn 66 kai 84 toy nomoy 3842/2010 "Apokatastash forologikhs dikaiosynhs, antimetwpish ths forodiafyghs kai alles diatajeis" exei doqei to dikaiwma gia thn katabolh lhjiproqesmwn ofeilwn me ekptwsh 80% epi twn prostimwn kai prosayjhsewn kai gia thn ypobolh arxikwn kai symplhrwmatikwn dhlwsewn gia eisodhmata ews to 2009 xwris thn katabolh prosqetoy foroy h prostimoy. H proqesmia katabolhs lhgei shmera, 31 Maioy 2010.

    To Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn ektimwntas to ayjhmeno endiaferon gia thn ajiopoihsh ayths ths dynatothtas kai ta aithmata twn endiaferomenwn, twn syllogwn kai twn yphresiwn, parateinei thn proqesmia efarmoghs twn diatajewn aytwn, th dynatothta katabolhs xrewn kai ypobolhs dhlwsewn, mexri tis 30 Ioynioy 2010. Sxetikh ryqmish qa symperilhfqei se nomosxedioy toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn tis prosexeis meres.

    [07] Kaqolikh apagoreysh

    Treis mhnes apomenoyn stoys qeriaklhdes na "apolaysoyn" to kapnisma stoys dhmosioys xwroys.

    H ypoyrgos Ygeias ekleise ola ta paraqyrakia toy prohgoymenoy nomoy se mia prospaqeia na ejasfalisei "kaqaro" periballon se oloys toys kleistoys dhmosioys xwroys apo 1hs Septembrioy, katargwntas tis ejaireseis kai kanontas pio aysthroys toys elegxoys, wste epiteloys na efarmostei h apagoreysh toy kapnismatos kai sth xwra mas.

    H ypoyrgos Ygeias milwntas sth synedriash Syntonistikhs Antikapnistikhs Epitrophs sto ypoyrgeio Ygeias, ejhghse oti to tsigaro qa apagoreyqei se oloys toys xwroys cyxagwgias, kafe, mpar, kafeneia kaqws kai estiatoria.

    Opws epishmanqhke, to kapnisma qa apagoreyetai se oloys toys xwroys ergasias kai oi ergazomenoi qa mporoyn na kapnisoyn mono ektos twn kthriwn poy ergazontai, efoson to epiqymoyn, kaqws den qa yparxoyn kapnisthria.

    Mesa sto kalokairi anamenetai na jekinhsei megalh ekstrateia enhmerwshs gia tis epiptwseis toy tsigaroy sthn ygeia, alla kai gia to ti qa isxyei apo thn 1h Sptembioy, opote ajizei na shmeiwqei oti katargeitai kai kaqe morfh diafhmishs h prowqhshs proiontwn kapnoy. Shmantikh emfash qa doqei stoys elegxoys.

    To ypoyrgeio Ygeias ektima oti ena megalo meros apotyxias toy prohgoymenoy antikapnistikoy nomoy ofeilotan sto gegonos oti den eginan aysthroi elegxoi twn metrwn poy eixan qespisqei.

    Sto ejhs toys elegxoys analambanei h astynomia, h dhmotikh astynomia kai to limeniko swma. Enw se deytero xrono qa kaqoristoyn ta prostima kai oi kyrwseis me tis opoies qa erxontai antimetwpoi oi parabates.

    Ayto symbainei giati to ypoyrgeio Ygeias sxediazei na syzhthsei me oloys toys emplekomenoys foreis kai kyriws thn GESEBE prin apofasisei tis oristikes poines poy qa epiballontai ana periptwsh.

    Endiaferon pantws paroysiazoyn polla stoixeia twn newn metrwn kaqws to kapnisma apagoreyetai akomh kai sta kazino.

    Omws ekei opws kai sta nykterina kentra diaskedashs, anw twn 300 t.m., ta metra qa efarmostoyn, afoy doqei periqwrio oktw mhnwn stoys idiokthtes toy gia na prosarmostoyn sta nea dedomena.

    [08] Syskech gia to farmako

    "Den prepei na yparxei kamia apolytws elleich sthn agora se kanena farmakeytiko proion'', dhlwse h Katselh meta th synanthsh poy pragmatopoihqhke gia to qema twn farmakwn me th symmetoxh twn synarmodiwn ypoyrgwn Oikonomias, Ergasias kai Ygeias, kaqws kai oloys toys qesmikoys foreis .

    H ypoyrgos Oikonomias, kyria Katselh tonise apantwntas se erwthsh dhmosiografoy oti ''o nomos prepei na einai kai qa einai sebastos apo oloys, prosdiorizontas oti gia opoiadhpote allagh sth diaqesimothta twn farmakeytikwn proiontwn sthn ellhnikh agora, qa prepei prohgoymenws na exei yparjei eggrafh eidopoihsh kai pareleysh diasthmatos 3 mhnwn. Oi asfalismenoi qa prepei na niwqoyn sigoyroi oti qa proxwrhsoyme akoma kai se parallhles eisagwges, prokeimenoy na ejasfalisoyme ikanh eparkeia se sygkekrimena farmakeytika proionta, opws oi insoylines".

    Akoma opws, eipe h ypoyrgos, ta prwta stoixeia apo thn mexri shmera efarmogh mias syntetagmenhs politikhs sygkrathshs twn farmakeytikwn dapanwn einai hdh orata. Me th meqodo ths mesostaqmikhs meiwshs ths timhs twn farmakwn kata 21,5%, prokyptei (symfwna me endeiktika twn pwlhsewn twn farmakapoqhkwn to mhna Aprilio toy 2010) mia mesh meiwsh 30% gia thn Aqhna, enw antistoixa sthn Qessalonikh to pososto diamorfwnetai sto 19,3%.

    Apo thn 01/07/2010 qa eimaste se qesh na epibebaiwsoyme me epishma stoixeia thn kaqodikh ejelijh ths dhmosias farmakeytikhs dapanhs, gegonos poy qa symbalei sthn elafrynsh twn asfalistikwn tameiwn.

    Parallhla, kai ta tria synarmodia ypoyrgeia me thn efarmogh mias oloklhrwmenhs desmhs metrwn kai thn yioqethsh enos neoy monteloy timologhshs, qetoyme tis baseis gia mia makroproqesmh kai apotelesmatikh politikh poy qa prosdwsei biwsimothta sta asfalistika mas tameia: Efarmogh enos sygxronoy monteloy ths listas gia ta syntagografoymena farmaka kai efarmogh enos aysthroy plaisioy hlektronikhs syntagografhshs kai elegxoy.

    Kata th diarkeia ths synanthshs, diejhxqh enas oysiastikos kai idiaitera epoikodomhtikos dialogos, ston opoio eteqhsan oles oi parametroi politikhs gia thn meiwsh twn farmakeytikwn dapanwn kai oi apofaseis poy elhfqhsan synocizontai ws ejhs:

    a) thn katarxhn symfwnia me toys ekproswpoys ths panellhnias Enwshs

    Farmakopoiwn gia thn meiwsh twn kerdwn twn farmakeiwn me thn qesmoqethsh ths epistrofhs posostoy epi twn pwlhsewn pros ta asfalistika tameia mesw rebate,

    b) thn yioqethsh enos 3etoys plaisioy symfwnias me tis farmakobiomhxanies, to opoio qa diasfalisei staqerothta leitoyrgias, me ameso apotelesma thn meiwsh ths farmakeytikhs dapanhs,

    g) thn qetikh stash toy SFEE ws pros to aithma twn synarmodiwn Ypoyrgwn gia thn ejetash arshs ths aithshs akyrwshs poy exei ypoblhqei sto StE, anaforika me thn efarmogh ths metabatikhs diatajhs timologhshs farmakwn, poy ekdoqhke me thn AD 03/2010.

    [09] Neo programma

    Me apofash ths yfypoyrgoy Paideias, Eyhs Xristofilopoyloy, kaqorizetai to anamorfwmeno didaktiko wrario kai wrologio programma twn 800 olohmerwn sxoleiwn, ta opoia qa leitoyrgoyn apo to sxoliko etos 2010 - 2011 me eniaio, anamorfwmeno ekpaideytiko programma. Me bash to wrologio programma, h enarjh toy ypoxrewtikoy programmatos einai stis 8:10 kai h lhjh stis 14:00 gia oles tis tajeis.

    Anaforika me ta 800 nea olohmera sxoleia, h kyria Xristofilopoyloy dhlwse:

    ``Ayto einai ena bhma pros thn kateyqynsh twn rizikwn allagwn poy fernei to neo sxoleio. Sto stadio ayto enopoioyme thn ekpaideytikh leitoyrgia sto ypoxrewtiko programma, dhmioyrgwntas mia oysiastikh paidagwgikh anabaqmish, enw parallhla parexoyme sth sxolikh koinothta th dynatothta sxediasmoy ths proairetikhs zwnhs analoga me tis anagkes twn maqhtwn kai tis dynatothtes toy sygkekrimenoy sxoleioy''.

    Oi epimeroys allages sto wrologio programma, symfwna me sxetikh anakoinwsh toy ypoyrgeioy, exoyn ws ejhs:

    Ayjhsh kata 1 wra toy glwssikoy maqhmatos stis A' kai B' tajeis.

    Ayjhsh kata 1 wra toy maqhmatos twn Maqhmatikwn stis A' kai B' tajeis.

    Aisqhtikh Agwgh: perilambanei ta Eikastika, th Moysikh kai th Qeatrikh Agwgh.

    Oi wres toy maqhmatos ths Fysikhs Agwghs ayjanontai kata 2 gia tis A', B', G' kai D' tajeis. Stis tajeis A', B', G', D' h mia didaktikh wra ths Fysikhs Agwghs qa diatiqetai gia xoroys.

    Prostiqetai to maqhma twn Agglikwn stis A' kai B' tajeis gia 2 wres kai ayjanei kata 1 wra gia tis ypoloipes tajeis.

    Prostiqetai to maqhma Texnologies Plhroforias kai Epikoinwnias gia 2 wres ebdomadiaiws se oles tis tajeis.

    Sthn Eyelikth Zwnh (E.Z.) anaptyssontai diaqematika programmata me prwtoboylia toy kaqe ekpaideytikoy.

    Sthn A' tajh: h mia didaktikh wra ths E.Z. qa diatiqetai gia drasthriothtes poy aforoyn se qemata Agwghs Ygeias.

    Sth B' tajh: h mia didaktikh wra ths E.Z. qa diatiqetai gia drasthriothtes poy aforoyn se qemata Diatrofikwn Synhqeiwn.

    Sth G' tajh: h mia didaktikh wra ths E.Z. qa diatiqetai gia drasthriothtes poy aforoyn se qemata Kykloforiakhs Agwghs.

    Sth D' tajh: h mia didaktikh wra ths E.Z. qa diatiqetai gia drasthriothtes poy aforoyn se qemata Periballontikhs Ekpaideyshs.

    Ta didaktika antikeimena apo ta opoia mporei na ginei epilogh ws pros to plhqos toys kai tis wres poy qa didaskontai einai ta parakatw:

    -Meleth

    -Aqlhtismos

    -Qeatrikh Agwgh

    -Agglika

    -Moysikh

    -Dynatothta parakoloyqhshs deyterhs jenhs glwssas gia prwth fora sth xwra mas

    -Eikastika

    -Politistikoi omiloi drasthriothtwn

    Sto plaisio twn politistikwn omilwn, oi maqhtes olwn twn tajewn mporoyn na proetoimazoyn sxolikes eortes, xorwdies, qeatrikes parastaseis kai alles dhmioyrgikes drasthriothtes gia thn kalliergeia ths aisqhtikhs, kaqws kai thn anadeijh kai prowqhsh stoixeiwn toy politismoy.

    H apoxwrhsh twn maqhtwn toy olohmeroy programmatos mporei na ginei eite me th lhjh toy olohmeroy programmatos (16:15) eite kata to xroniko diasthma 15:30 - 15:40, efoson exei katateqei ypeyqynh dhlwsh twn gonewn sth sxolikh monada.

    [10] En mesw antidrasewn

    H ispanikh kybernhsh exei stoxo na perasei apo th Boylh to nomosxedio gia tis metarryqmiseis sthn agora ergasias prin apo to telos Ioynioy, me h xwris th symfwnh gnwmh twn syndikatwn kai twn ergodotikwn organwsewn, opws dhlwse h ypoyrgos oikonomikwn, Elena Salgado.

    Xqes, arxisan sth Madrith oi diapragmateyseis gia thn epiteyjh symfwnias metajy kybernhshs, syndikatwn kai ergodotwn, me to ypoyrgeio Ergasias na parateinei gia mia ebdomada to xroniko periqwrio gia thn oloklhrwsh twn syzhthsewn. Wstoso h Elena Salgado katesthse safes oti h kybernhsh qa ferei sth boylh tis metarryqmiseis anejarthta apo to apotelesma twn diapragmateysewn.

    "H periodos gia thn epiteyjh symfwnias gia thn agora ergasias teleiwnei kai ean aytes oi diapragmateyseis den apoferoyn to epiqymhto apotelesma, h kybernhsh qa prowqhsei tis metarryqmiseis prin apo to telos Ioynioy", dhlwse h ypoyrgos oikonomikwn ths Ispanias.

    O prwqypoyrgos Xose Loyis Rodrigeq Qapatero, o opoios agwnizetai na peisei tis agores oti h tetarth megalyterh oikonomia ths eyrwzwnhs den qa akoloyqhsei thn Ellada byqizomenh se krish xreoys, elabe "xeira bohqeias" apo ton epikefalhs toy Dieqnoys Nomismatikoy Tameioy, Ntominik Stros Kan. O dieyqynths toy DNT yposthrije ta metra litothtas poy anakoinwse h kybernhsh Qapatero, alla katesthse safes oti xreiazetai na katablhqoyn ki alles prospaqeies.

    "Ta metra poy pairnei h kybernhsh einai isxyra kai qa bohqhsoyn sthn apokatastash ths ajiopistias sto mellon. To qema twra einai na doyme pws qa efarmostoyn ayta ta metra kai idiaiterws ayta poy aforoyn thn agora ergasias", dhlwse sthn efhmerida ABC, o Stros Kan.

    H sosialistikh kybernhsh ths Madriths thrhse stash oydeterothtas me thn oloklhrwsh ths prwths hmeras twn diapragmateysewn gia to ergasiako. "Oi diafores metajy twn pleyrwn ejakoloyqoyn na yfistantai se orismena qemata gia tis ergasiakes sxeseis, poy einai ypo syzhthsh", anaferei anakoinwsh toy ypoyrgeioy Ergasias. "Wstoso, oi pleyres antilambanontai oti ejakoloyqei na yparxei eykairia gia thn epiteyjh symfwnias, gi ayto apofasisan na synexisoyn tis synomilies tis prosexeis hmeres", prostiqetai sthn anakoinwsh.

    H epibolh twn allagwn xwris th symfwnh gnwmh twn syndikatwn piqanws qa ferei toys sosialistes se troxia sygkroyshs me toys paradosiakoys symmaxoys toys, se mia periodo kata thn opoia o Qapatero qa xreiastei th sthrijh toys. Ta dyo megalytera ergatika syndikata proeidopoioyn oti qa khryjoyn genikh apergia ean h kybernhsh proxwrhsei monomerws stis metarryqmiseis sto ergasiako. Apo thn allh pleyra oi ispanikes etairies paraponoyntai oti to yfistameno plaisio twn ergasiakwn sxesewn apoqarrynei tis proslhceis, kati poy epibarynei to pososto anergias, poy exei fqasei sto 20%.

    Wstoso to gegonos oti ta metra litothtas ths kybernhshs egkriqhkan me diafora molis mias chfoy, exei prokalesei entonh fhmologia oti o Qapatero mporei na ypoxrewqei na prokhryjei prowres ekloges, ean aporrifqei h protash gia to sxedio proypologismoy toy 2011, poy qa ypoblhqei to Septembrio.

    Oi teleytaies dhmoskophseis deixnoyn oti ean ginontan shmera ekloges, to kentrodejio Laiko Komma qa kerdize toys sosialistes me diafora 10,5%.


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