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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-06-09

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Me ena litro benzinh...
  • [02] Syrriknwsh ths oikonomias
  • [03] Metejelijh toy OASA

    [01] Me ena litro benzinh...

    To prwtoporiako oxhma poy kerdise to prwto brabeio se dieqnh diagwnismo gia kainotomes idees ston tomea ths asfaleias kai ths ejoikonomhshs kaysimwn, ekane shmera to meshmeri th "bolta" toy sta Xania.

    To aytokinhto kataskeyase h ereynhtikh omada toy Polytexneioy Krhths kai h shmerinh toy bolta egine sthn plateia Eleyqerias ejw apo to Nomarxiako Megaro Xaniwn.

    Opws dhlwse o nomarxhs Grhgorhs Arxontakhs, "to sygkekrimeno oxhma diakriqhke se pagkosmio diagwnismo sth Germania ws to oxhma poy kineitai me ydrogono kai phre to prwto brabeio ston tomea ths asfaleias".

    H omada TUC Eco Racing toy Polytexneioy Krhths poy kataskeyase to oxhma, symmeteixe gia trith xronia ston dieqnh diagwnismo oikonomias kaysimoy Shell Eco Marathon 2010 poy pragmatopoihqhke sth Germania me th symmetoxh 221 omadwn panepisthmiwn apo olh thn Eyrwph kai oxi mono.

    O diagwnismos stoxeye sthn anaptyjh filikwn pros to periballon texnologiwn gia thn kinhsh oxhmatwn, me stoxo th mikroterh dynath katanalwsh kaysimoy. H omada symmeteixe sthn kathgoria megalwn oxhmatwn (Urban Concept) poy antistoixoyn se monoqesia oxhmata polhs, xrhsimopoiwntas texnologia aixmhs poy perilambanei kycelh kaysimoy ydrogonoy kai kinhsh me hlektriko kinhthra ta opoia parexoyn mhdenikoys rypoys kata thn kinhsh toy oxhmatos.

    To Polytexneio Krhths katekthse thn prwth qesh ston parallhlo diagwnismo asfaleias oxhmatwn (ADAC Safety Award) me to oxhma ER10, ena oloklhrwmeno oxhma me ejairetika kainotomes idees ston tomea ths asfaleias.

    "Synexizoyme thn ejelijh toy kai o stoxos einai na ftasoyme panw apo 700-800 xiliometra me ena litro isodynamoy kaysimoy", tonise o kaqhghths toy Polytexneioy Nikos Tsoyrbeloydhs.

    Idiaiterh entypwsh ekane h kataskeyh kai topoqethsh ryqmizomenhs kolwnas timonioy kai h emprosqia zwnh elegxomenhs paramorfwshs gia prostasia toy odhgoy se periptwsh proskroyshs, to aytomato anoigma ths kampinas toy odhgoy gia grhgorh ejodo apo to oxhma, kaqws epishs h xrhsh ejeidikeymenwn aisqhthrwn gia ton entopismo diarrown kaysimoy.

    Taytoxrona, to oxhma toy Polytexneioy Krhths dienyse 373 xlm me ena litro kaysimoy, poy apotelei thn kalyterh toy epidosh kai qetei th bash gia nees epityxies stis epomenes diorganwseis.

    "Apotelei gia mas mia platforma texnologikh, wste na doyleyoyme panw se nees texnologies nea proionta poy na mporoyme na ta ejelissoyme", epeshmane to melos ths omadas Polyxronhs Spanoydakhs.

    Ta melh ths omadas einai: Spanoydakhs Polyxronhs, Piperidhs Sabbas, Tsinarhs Giannhs, Eystaqioy Dhmhtrhs, Ploymakhs Baggelhs, Pappas Tassos, Strathgos Giannhs kai Tsoyrbeloydhs Nikolaos.

    Ta texnika xarakthristika toy TUCer II einai:

    -Plaisio: Swlhnes aloyminioy

    -Kalymma: Anqrakonhmata

    -Kinhthras: Hlektrikos

    -Monada Paragwghs Energeias: Kyceles Ydrogonoy

    -Diastaseis: 2,5 x 1,25

    -Baros Oxhmatos: 120 Kg.

    [02] Syrriknwsh ths oikonomias

    Arnhtikos ryqmos anaptyjhs kata 2,5% katagrafhke sthn ellhnikh oikonomia to a' trimhno efetos, kaqws yphrje shmantikh meiwsh twn ependysewn kai ptwsh ths katanalwshs. H Ellhnikh Statistikh Arxh (ELSTAT) metebale epi ta xeirw tis arxikes ektimhseis ths gia meiwsh toy AEP kata 2,3%, enw o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy dhlwse oti paramenei h problech gia meiwsh toy AEP kata 4% sto synolo toy trexontos etoys. Shmeiwnetai oti to a' trimhno perysi to AEP meiwqhke kata 1% kai sto synolo toy 2009 h ptwsh ths anaptyjhs proseggise to 2%.

    Ta stoixeia poy symbaloyn sthn yfesh ths ellhnikhs oikonomias gia to a' trimhno, exoyn ws ejhs:

    Oi akaqaristes ependyseis pagioy kefalaioy meiwqhkan kata 14,6% (meiwsh shmeiwqhke stis katoikies kata 16,7%, ston mhxanologiko ejoplismo kata 10% kai stis loipes kataskeyes kata 29,3%. Antiqeta, ayjhsh 8,4% shmeiwqhke ston ejoplismo metaforwn).

    H synolikh katanalwtikh dapanh paroysiase meiwsh 0,7% (meiwsh 9% paroysiase h dhmosia katanalwsh, enw, antiqeta, h idiwtikh katanalwsh paroysiase ayjhsh 1,5%).

    Meiwsh 0,5% paroysiasan oi ejagwges agaqwn kai yphresiwn (meiwsh 3,9% paroysiasan oi ejagwges agaqwn, enw oi ejagwges yphresiwn ayjhqhkan kata 1,9%), enw meiwsh 6,6% paroysiasan kai oi eisagwges agaqwn kai yphresiwn (oi eisagwges agaqwn meiwqhkan kata 11,1%, enw oi eisagwges yphresiwn ayjhqhkan kata 10,7%). Gia ton logo ayto, meiwsh 15,8% paroysiase telika to elleimma toy emporikoy isozygioy ths xwras.

    Oson afora sthn ektimhsh toy AEP me thn proseggish ths paragwghs, h synolikh Akaqaristh Prostiqemenh Ajia paroysiase meiwsh 3,2% to a' trimhno efetos.

    Ayjhsh sthn prostiqemenh ajia paroysiasan: o klados gewrgias, dasokomias kai alieias kata 1,7%, kaqws kai o klados xrhmatopistwtikwn drasthriothtwn, drasthriothtwn sxetikwn me thn akinhth perioysia, ekmisqwsewn kai epixeirhmatikwn drasthriothtwn kata 0,2 %. Antiqeta, meiwsh sthn prostiqemenh ajia, paroysiasan oi alloi kladoi oikonomikhs drasthriothtas kai sygkekrimena: o klados ths biomhxanias- symperilambanomenhs ths energeias- kata 5,3%, twn kataskeywn kata 24,6%, toy emporioy, jenodoxeiwn- estiatoriwn, metaforwn kai epikoinwniwn kata 1,9%, kaqws kai o klados twn loipwn yphresiwn kata 2,9%.

    Telos, symfwna me thn ELSTAT, to a' trimhno efetos oi amoibes twn apasxoloymenwn meiwqhkan kata 1,2% se sxesh me to antistoixo trimhno toy 2009.

    [03] Metejelijh toy OASA

    Th metejelijh toy OASA se Mhtropolitiko Forea Astikwn Sygkoinwniwn prowqei to ypoyrgeio Ypodomwn, Metaforwn kai Diktywn me stoxo th meiwsh toy leitoyrgikoy kostoys, ton kalytero syntonismo toy metaforikoy ergoy, thn prosfora kalyterwn yphresiwn kai thn ayjhsh toy posostoy ths epibatikhs kinhshs se hmerhsia bash. Sto forea ayto qa entaxqoyn ektos apo ton HSAP, thn EQEL kai toys HLPAP to Metro, to tram, o proastiakos sidhrodromos sto tmhma ths Attikhs, kaqws kai ta KTEL poy ekteloyn metaforiko ergo entos ths Attikhs.

    Ayto dhlwse o ypoyrgos Ypodomwn, Metaforwn kai Diktywn Dhmhtrhs Reppas, dieykrinizontas oti o neos dieyrymenos foreas qa kaqorizei thn poiothta twn yphresiwn, ths asfaleias, toy troxaioy ylikoy, twn ypodomwn kai thn politikh toy komistroy gia oloys toys foreis sthn perioxh ths Attikhs.

    Epishs qa sxediazei tis diadromes poy qa ejyphretoyn to epibatiko koino, kaqws kai th diadikasia elegxoy twn eisithriwn kai eisprajhs twn prostimwn gia oloys toys sygkoinwniakoys foreis. Akomh, qa xrhmatodotei th meleth kai th synthrhsh olwn twn ypodomwn poy apaitoyntai gia th leitoyrgia twn astikwn sygkoinwniwn.

    Stoxos toy neoy forea einai h meiwsh toy leitoyrgikoy kostoys kata 10% mesa sto 2010, h ayjhsh ths epibatikhs kinhshs kaa 20% mexri to 2012, wste ta MMM na antiproswpeyoyn to 50% twn hmerhsiwn metakinhsewn sthn Aqhna. Ayto qa epiteyxqei me thn prosqhkh kai leitoyrgia twn newn staqmwn toy Metro, thn epektash toy tram ston Peiraia kai ton eksygxronismo toy HSAP. Stoxos einai epishs, to pososto twn epibatwn poy dhlwnoyn ikanopoihmenoi apo tis prosferomenes yphresies na anelqei sto 85% toy synoloy twn xrhstwn apo 75% poy einai shmera.

    Apantwntas se sxetikes erwthseis h politikh hgesia toy ypoyrgeioy YMD, metajy allwn epeshmane oti:

    -den prokeitai na ayjhqoyn ta eisithria toylaxiston mesa sto 2010

    -den apokleietai h karta aperioristwn diadromwn na epektaqei se ola ta MMM ths Attikhs.

    -Ta MMM exoyn megalh "oikonomikh trypa", apo th mh eisprajh twn eisithriwn. Einai xarakthristiko, oti peripoy enas stoys pente epibates den plhrwnei eisithrio. Sta mesa staqerhs troxias to pososto ayto einai aisqhta mikrotero gyrw sto 5-6%, enw sta epigeia mesa to pososto ayto ftanei kai jeperna to 15%.

    -Den apokleietai na anateqei h eisprajh twn eisithriwn se idiwtiko forea

    -to ycos toy komistroy qa apofasizetai se synennohsh toy OASA me ta armodia ypoyrgeia.

    -h sygxwneysh olwn twn forewn ypo thn omprela toy OASA qa einai pros to paron leitoyrgikh kai oxi organwtikh, gegonos poy shmainei oti paramenoyn oi epimeroys dioikhseis twn forewn.

    -den einai stis epiloges toy ypoyrgeioy na allajei to idiokthsiako kaqestws sta MMM, gegonos poy praktika shmainei oti apokleiontai idiwtikopoihseis

    -ta erga poy ginontai ston HSAP anamenetai na oloklhrwqoyn to fqinopwro

    -qa diathrhqoyn oi syllogikes symbaseis twn ergazomenwn sta MMM. Den qa allajei to kaqestws tonisthke xarakthristika.

    -arxise h paralabh twn 220 newn lewforeiwn fysikoy aerioy

    -h ejoikonomhsh proswpikoy kai kyriws odhgwn, opoy yparxoyn kenes organikes qeseis qa ginei mesw ths anadiarqrwshs toy systhmatos twn dromologiwn.

    Telos, den apokleisthke to endexomeno symprajhs dhmosioy kai idiwtikoy tomea SDIT kyriws se o,ti afora toys tomeis ths eisprajhs twn eisithriwn kai ths thlematikhs.

    Proteraiothta sto tram

    Thn oloklhrwsh toy legomenoy "prasinoy kymatos", poy dinei proteraiothta sto tram stoys fwteinoys shmatodotes, me stoxo na meiwqoyn oi xronoi twn diadromwn, prowqei to ypoyrgeio YMD, prokeimenoy na ginei pio elkystiko sto epibatiko koino to sygkekrimeno meso staqerhs troxias.

    Opws prokyptei apo ereyna poy egine gia logariasmo ths Tram AE, enw o baqmos ikanopoihshs twn politwn se o,ti afora to wrario leitoyrgias, to aisqhma asfaleias, thn anesh kata th metakinhsh, thn kaqariothta twn oxhmatwn k.a., einai poly ychlos o xronos diadromhs toy tram apotelei to basiko deikth periorismenhs protimhshs kai dysareskeias twn xrhstwn.

    Opws dieykrinisthke sth diarkeia synenteyjhs Typoy, me thn efarmogh toy prasinoy kymatos qa katarghqoyn polla fanaria poy empodizoyn thn kinhsh toy tram kai qa meiwqei o xronos diadromhs kata 10-15 lepta stoys treis basikoys ajones, dhladh apo to Syntagma sto SEF qa ginetai se 40 apo 50 lepta, h diadromh Syntagma - Boyla meiwnetai apo ta 65 sta 50 lepta kai h diadromh SEF - Boyla apo ta 45 sta 35 lepta.

    Se o,ti afora to elleimma poy paroysiazei h Tram AE, o yfypoyrgos YMD Nikos Shfoynakhs, dieykrinise oti kata ta dyo xronia peiramatikhs leitoyrgias toy tram, dhladh mexri kai to 2004 sthn etairia apasxoloyntan 156 atoma kai to elleimma anhlqe se peripoy 6,4 ekat. eyrw, enw sto telos toy 2009 o synolikos ariqmos twn ergazomenwn eftase ta 689 atoma kai to elleimma ektojeyqhke sta 155 ekatommyria eyrw.

    Hdh, opws dhlwse o k. Shfoynakhs, o genikos epiqewrhths dhmosias dioikhshs k. Rakintzhs elegxei th nomimothta twn proslhcewn poy eginan kata to diasthma ayto, enw to porisma toy exei diabibastei stis armodies eisaggelikes arxes.

    Apantwntas se sxetikh erwthsh o k. Shfoynakhs anakoinwse oti h oloklhrwsh ths epektashs toy tram pros ton Peiraia, anamenetai sto telos toy 2012 h entos toy 2013.

    Sygxwneyseis - katarghseis lewforeiakwn grammwn

    Epeita apo syskech poy pragmatopoihqhke xqes ypo ton yfypoyrgo Ypodomwn Metaforwn kai Diktywn Niko Shfoynakh, me th symmetoxh toy proedroy kai dieyqynontos symboyloy toy Organismoy Astikwn Sygkoinwniwn Aqhnwn, Dhmhtrh Dhmhtrioy kai armodiwn yphresiakwn paragontwn, apo th Deytera 14 Ioynioy 2010 tiqentai se isxy allages sta dromologia twn lewforeiakwn grammwn toy OASA.

    Oi efarmozomenes sygxwneyseis - katarghseis lewforeiakwn grammwn einai oi ejhs:

    1. Katargoyntai oi grammes:

    B 103 ``Kalamaki - Akadhmia''

    B 108 ``Anw Kalamaki - Akadhmia''

    B 111 ``Agios Dhmhtrios - Akadhmia''

    H katarghsh twn parapanw grammwn apofasisthke sto plaisio toy anasxediasmoy twn dromologiwn stis Astikes Sygkoinwnies gia thn antimetwpish twn ayjhmenwn anagkwn gia metakinhsh sthn Aqhna, sth bash ths symplhrwmatikothtas twn metaforikwn meswn kai ths trofodothshs twn staqmwn metro (yfistamenwn kai ypo kataskeyh).

    Taytoxrona, enisxyontai oi parallhles grammes:

    B 141 ``Kalamaki - Staqmos Dafnh''

    B 109 ``Anw Kalamaki - Staqmos Ag. Dhmhtrioy''

    B 112 ``Agios Dhmhtrios - Staqmos Dafnh''

    2. Sygxwneyontai oi grammes poy exoyn paromoia diadromh kai katargoyntai sygkekrimenes grammes me poly mikrh epibatikh kinhsh. Etsi, sygxwneyetai h grammh 746 ``Anw Liosia - ODDY'' (h opoia katargeitai) me th grammh 711 ``Axarnai - Zwfria'', enw katargoyntai, logw mikrhs epibatikhs kinhshs oi grammes:

    B 400 ``Ajioqeata Aqhnas''

    B X92 ``Khfisia - Aerodromio''

    B 245 ``Polytexneio - N. Kosmos''

    B 525 ``Staqmos Khfisias - Katw Khfisia''

    B 340 ``Glyfada - Pallhnh''

    3. Katargeitai to tmhma ths grammhs A7 ``Kaniggos - Nea Eryqraia'', apo ton Platano sthn Khfisia ews th N. Eryqraia, dedomenoy oti to tmhma ayto kalyptetai apo plhqwra allwn lewforeiakwn grammwn.

    Gia th lhch twn anwterw apofasewn, elhfqhsan ypoch orismena basika krithria, ta shmantikotera apo ta opoia einai:

    B O ariqmos twn epibatwn poy ejyphretoyn oi lewforeiakes grammes

    B O skopos twn metakinhsewn poy kalyptoyn

    B H xronikh periodos poy parexetai h sygkoinwnia

    B H paragwgikothta twn grammwn

    B H dynatothta trofodothshs staqmwn staqerhs troxias apo tis lewforeiakes grammes

    B H yparjh parallhlwn h kai taytizomenwn grammwn se shmantiko mhkos

    B H palaiothta twn grammwn.

    Me tis ryqmiseis aytes, oi opoies qa isxysoyn apo tis 14 Ioynioy, plhn ekeinwn poy aforoyn stis grammes 746, 711, 525, A7 (qa isxysoyn apo tis 30 Ioynioy), telika ejoikonomoyntai 19 lewforeia kai 57 odhgoi ths EQEL, oi opoioi qa kalycoyn anagkes se sygkoinwniakoys ajones me ychlh zhthsh.

    Se deytero stadio kai mexri to telos toy 2010 qa efarmostoyn nees ryqmiseis poy ektimatai oti qa ejoikonomhsoyn 25 lewforeia kai 75 odhgoys ths EQEL. Analoges epembaseis programmatizontai gia to 2011 se syndyasmo me toys neoys staqmoys toy metro.

    ``Oi allages pragmatopoioyntai sto plaisio ths anadiarqrwshs toy diktyoy astikwn sygkoinwniwn, me prosanatolismo ston ejorqologismo toy kostoys kai th beltiwsh ths apodotikothtas twn astikwn sygkoinwniwn.

    To sygkoinwniako diktyo ths prwteyoysas antimetwpizetai pleon oxi tmhmatika kai apospasmatika alla synolika san ena syntonismeno systhma, opoy oi lewforeiakes grammes leitoyrgoyn symplhrwmatika me ta mesa staqerhs troxias, opws to metro, me apotelesma th beltiwsh ths apodotikothtas toy kai thn ejoikonomhsh porwn, se mia dyskolh oikonomikh sygkyria'', dhlwse o Yfypoyrgos Ypodomwn Metaforwn kai Diktywn Nikos Shfoynakhs.

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o proedros kai dieyqynwn symboylos toy OASA Dhmhtrhs Dhmhtrioy se dhlwsh toy epishmainei:

    ``To Ypoyrgeio se synergasia me ton OASA kai toys Ektelestikoys Foreis Sygkoinwniakoy Ergoy (EFSE), proxwra ston ejorqologismo toy systhmatos Astikwn Sygkoinwniwn me stoxo thn kalyterh ejyphrethsh toy polith-epibath, th beltiwsh ths prosforas sygkoinwniakoy ergoy kai thn ejoikonomhsh porwn.

    Stoxos gia th nea dioikhsh toy OASA einai h ierarxhsh toso twn sygkoinwniakwn anagkwn oso kai h beltistopoihsh twn sygkoinwniakwn parametrwn toy systhmatos A.S. pros th kateyqynsh ths biwsimhs kinhtikothtas kai th beltiwsh toy parexomenoy ergoy stoys sygkoinwniakoys ajones ychlhs zhthshs. Me basiko krithrio sxediasmoy thn syndyasmenh metakinhsh metajy epigeiwn kai ypogeiwn metaforikwn systhmatwn, shmera, paroysiazoyme meros aytoy toy sxediasmoy, poy perilambanei thn anadiorganwsh lewforeiakwn grammwn.

    Me tis ryqmiseis aytes odhgoymaste:

    a) sthn enisxysh basikwn lewforeiakwn grammwn ychlhs zhthshs, kai

    b) sthn ejoikonomhsh porwn (19 lewforeiwn kai 57 odhgwn ths EQEL), poy qa xrhsimopoihqoyn se yfistamenes grammes me stoxo th beltiwsh toy parexomenoy ergoy kai th meiwsh toy kostoys leitoyrgias twn qermikwn lewforeiwn''.

    -


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