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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-08-03

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Qetikes ektimhseis sthn ekqesh proodoy
  • [02] Kinhtopoihsh gia bomba sto Superferry 2
  • [03] Hliako "tsoynami"
  • [04] Mesogeios, h pio apeiloymenh qalassa
  • [05] Stoxos h enothta

    [01] Qetikes ektimhseis sthn ekqesh proodoy

    Mia teleytaia synanthsh qa exoyn shmera to apogeyma sto Ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn, o ypoyrgos Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy kai oi treis epikefalhs toy klimakioy ths troikas, sto plaisio ths oloklhrwshs toy neoy elegxoy ths ellhnikhs oikonomias kai ths ektamieyshs stis 13 Septembrioy ths deyterhs doshs, ycoys 9 dis. eyrw, toy daneioy.

    Anwteros paragontas toy Ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn anefere oti o k. Papakwnstantinoy den qa xreiastei na synypogracei to porisma ths troikas, kaqws den prokeitai gia neo mnhmonio, alla gia epikairopoihsh kai ejeidikeysh twn desmeysewn, poy anelabe h xwra ton perasmeno Maio.

    Gia paradeigma, symfwna me to idio stelexos toy ypoyrgeioy, mia desmeysh aforoyse thn apeleyqerwsh twn ``kleistwn epaggelmatwn'' kai twra prepei na sygkekrimenopoihqei ``poia epaggelmata einai ayta'' kai ``pws qa anoijoyn'' (h kybernhsh apofasise na proxwrhsei sthn apeleyqerwsh toy synoloy twn epaggelmatwn aytwn me nomosxedio - skoypa ews to telos toy etoys).

    Epishs, kaqws chfisthke o nomos gia ton ``Kallikrath'', prepei na ejeidikeyqei to pws qa efarmostei, oxi mono sthn Topikh Aytodioikhsh, alla oysiastika sto synolo toy kratikoy tomea, kaqws, kai to poies apokratikopoihseis (p.x. trapezikos tomeas) kai to pws qa ylopoihqoyn.

    Apo th xqesinh polywrh syskech sto ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn, ths hgesias toy ypoyrgeioy me toys ajiwmatoyxoys ths troikas, prokyptei oti h poreia ylopoihshs twn desmeysewn toy mnhmonioy krinetai qetikh kai h ektamieysh ths deyterhs doshs qewreitai dedomenh. Sthn ekqesh proodoy, omws, poy synetaje h troika, paramenoyn oi systaseis gia thn apeleyqerwsh ths agoras energeias (hlektriko reyma kai fysiko aerio, pwlhsh toy 40% twn monadwn ths DEH) kai zhtoyntai sygkekrimenes parembaseis se sygkekrimeno xronodiagramma, sto plaisio ths genikhs systashs, poy eixe diatypwqei to Maio. Parallhla, oi elegktes emfanizontai idiaitera anhsyxoi gia ton elegxo twn DEKO kai twn forewn ths Genikhs Kybernhshs (OTA, nosokomeia, asfalistika tameia), kaqws h eggrafh ston proypologismo twn daneiwn poy exoyn labei me eggyhsh toy Dhmosioy, anamenetai na ayjhsei to dhmosio xreos kata peripoy 5,5 monades toy AEP. Gia to sygkekrimeno logo, allwste, h kybernhsh proxwra sthn topoqethsh orkwtwn elegktwn sto synolo twn nosokomeiwn.

    Ta melh ths troikas ektimoyn, epishs, oti prepei na epitaxynqei h poreia sygxwneyshs dhmosiwn organismwn -idiaitera twn elleimmatikwn- enw anti gia metatajeis na yparjoyn apolyseis toy pleonazontos proswpikoy, h estw na antistaqmistei to kostos ths diathrhshs toy proswpikoy apo alla dhmosionomika metra.

    Sxetika me to asfalistiko, oi elegktes qewroyn oti prepei na parameinei ``anoikto'' to endexomeno lhchs prosqetwn metrwn, ean ayto katadeixqei apo thn analogistikh meleth toy ypoyrgeioy Ergasias, h ean synexizei na ``karkinobatei'' h eisprajh twn asfalistikwn eisforwn.

    Idiaiterh barythta didetai kai sthn ayjhsh toy plhqwrismoy, me thn troika na diatypwnei thn apoch oti apaiteitai peraiterw enisxysh toy antagwnismoy sthn agora, akomh kai me kinhseis stoys tomeis twn adeiwn pwlhshs stis laikes agores kai toy xondremporioy trofimwn kai syskeyasmenwn proiontwn.

    Problhmatismos diatypwnetai, telos, kai gia thn ysterhsh sto skelos twn esodwn, me thn troika, pantws, na dexetai tis aitiaseis toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn gia anakamch to b'ejamhno me bash ta metra poy exoyn hdh lhfqei (p.x. ayjhsh FPA apo 1hs Ioylioy, entatikopoihsh diastayrwsewn kai elegxwn) kai na systhnei th sygkekrimenopoihsh twn forologikwn elegxwn ana kathgoria epaggelmatiwn.

    [02] Kinhtopoihsh gia bomba sto Superferry 2

    Thlefwnhma agnwstoy sto Limenarxeio ths Androy gia topoqethsh bombas sto Super Ferry 2, prokalese thn kinhtopoihsh twn arxwn toy limenikoy sth Rafhna. Oi elegxoi, poy aforoysan to ploio (eswteriko, yfala, apoqhkeytikoi xwroi) oloklhrwqhkan kai twra elegxontai oi xeiraposkeyes.

    To Super Ferry 2, me 1.231 epibates, eixe programmatismeno apopoploy gia tis 8.05 gia Andro - Thno - Mykono. H anaxwrhsh toy ploioy qa ginei otan oloklhrwqei h diadikasia elegxwn.

    [03] Hliako "tsoynami"

    Mia isxyrh magnhtikh ekrhjh ston hlio stelnei hdh ena megalo nefos hlektrika fortismenwn swmatidiwn pros thn kateyqynsh toy planhth mas. To hliako "tsoynami", poy apoteleitai apo tonoys plasmatos (ionismenwn atomwn) mporei na dhmioyrghsei qeamatiko selas panw apo toys poloys ths Ghs, alla kai na prokalesei problhmata stoys doryforoys kai stis thlepikoinwnies.

    Thn 1h Aygoystoy parathrhqhke h prwth analamph panw apo mia gigantia hliakh khlida sto megeqos ths Ghs, parallhla omws ejerragh mia megalh posothta aeriwn apo ena "nhmatio" sto boreio hmisfairio toy hlioy. An kai ta dyo gegonota apexoyn ekatontades xiliades xiliometra, piqanotata syndeontai.

    Oi eikones toy troxiakoy Parathrhthrioy Hliakhs Dynamikhs (SDO) ths NASA, to opoio ektojeythke ton Febroyario gia na melethsei ton hlio, kategracan ta fainomena, kaqws epishs astronomoi apo olo ton kosmo. Ta "nhmatia" einai gigantioi swlhnes magnhtismoy poy gemizoyn me hliaka aeria kai kremontai sthn atmosfaira toy hlioy. Sth sygkekrimenh periptwsh, to "nhmatio", prin ekragei, eixe diametro 50 fores megalyterh apo ton planhth mas.

    H ekrhjh ektojeyse to periexomeno toy sto diasthma, paragontas ena nefos hlektrika fortismenwn swmatidiwn, me kateyqynsh pros th Gh. To olo gegonos den qewreitai megalh ekrhjh gia ta dedomena toy hlioy, alla epeidh tosa xronia htan "hsyxos", to fainomeno deixnei oti o hlios mpainei se fash "afypnishs". Oysiastika prokeitai gia thn prwth ajioshmeiwth hliakh "kataigida" poy ftanei ston planhth mas edw kai arketa xronia, symfwna me th bretanikh "Telegkraf" kai to New Scientist.

    To hliako plasma anamenetai na ftasei sth Gh stis 3 ews 4 Aygoystoy, symfwna me ton astronomo Leon Gkoloymp toy Kentroy Astrofysikhs Xarbarnt-Smiqsonian.

    Otan ta hliaka swmatidia ftasoyn sth Gh, allhlepidroyn me to magnhtiko pedio ths, dhmioyrgwntas piqanws mia gewmagnhtikh kataigida. Ta fortismena swmatidia kinoyntai kata mhkos twn grammwn toy ghinoy magnhtikoy pedioy kai sygkentrwnontai stoys poloys ths Ghs opoy kai dhmioyrgeitai to poliko selas. Ta hliaka swmatidia sygkroyontai me atoma azwtoy kai ojygonoy sth ghinh atmosfaira kai etsi lampoyn san fwta neon. An kai kanonika to selas einai orato mono sta ychla gewgrafika plath (dhladh konta stoys poloys), se periptwseis gewmagnhtikwn kataigidwn to selas mporei na parathrhqei kai se xamhlotera gewgrafika plath, san "koyrtines" prasinoy kai kokkinoy fwtos.

    O hlios pernaei apo ena 11eth kyklo periodikhs drasthriothtas. To teleytaio megisto (zeniq) ths drashs toy katagrafhke to 2001, enw to teleytaio elaxisto (nadir) htan idiaitera asqenes kai krathse poly kairo. Twra omws fainetai pws o hlios "jypnaei" kai pali, arxizontas to neo kyklo toy.

    [04] Mesogeios, h pio apeiloymenh qalassa

    H panida kai h xlwrida ths Mesogeioy, apo tis ploysioteres ston kosmo, einai epishs oi perissotero apeiloymenes, symfwna me ta apotelesmata ereynas poy dhmosieyontai shmera kai epishmainoyn thn epideinwsh toy fysikoy periballontos, thn yperalieia kai thn ayjhsh twn eidwn poy dieisdyoyn sto oikosysthma ths Mesogeioy proerxomena apo alla oikosysthmata ejaitias ths klimatikhs allaghs.

    H qalassa ayth einai mia apo tis pleon melethmenes ston kosmo. Kai wstoso, th stigmh poy "oi prohgoymenes ektimhseis ekanan logo gia thn yparjh 8.000-12.000 eidwn", h nea apografh ths qalassias zwhs, poy perilambanei meletes ekatontadwn episthmonwn, katagrafei pleon 17.000 eidh, enw kai alla eidh menoyn na katagrafoyn, symfwna me thn ekqesh poy dhmosieyetai sto hlektroniko periodiko Plos One.

    Mia ploysia biopoikilothta poy ektiqetai se poikiles apeiles, isxyroteres sth Mesogeio apo o,ti alloy.

    "Oi synepeies ths anqrwpinhs drasthriothtas einai analogika pio shmantikes sth Mesogeio apo o,ti stis alles qalasses toy kosmoy", anaferetai sthn ekqesh. H ejhghsh brisketai sthn istoria ths perioxhs, poy katoikeitai edw kai xilieties, kai sth gewgrafia ths, mia qalassa sxedon kleisth.

    Ta qalassia qhlastika, opws oi falaines kai ta delfinia, exoyn hdh plhrwsei ena bary timhma, enw orismena eidh, opws h fwkia monaxoys-monaxoys, exoyn sxedon ejafanisqei.

    Sth lista twn apeilwn shmantikoterh einai h epideinwsh toy fysikoy periballontos, ejaitias ths anaptyjhs toy aktwn kai ths rypanshs.

    H ejantlhtikh alieia einai h deyterh apeilh ths biopoikilothtas kai anamenetai na ayjhqei kata ta epomena deka xronia, symfwna me thn ekqesh.

    H idiaiterothta ths Mesogeioy synistatai sthn paroysia shmantikoy ariqmoy eidwn poy exoyn eisbalei apo alla oikosysthmata, gegonos poy apotelei shmantiko paragonta o opoios qa synexisei na metaballei thn biopoikilothta.

    Proerxomena apo alles qalasses ta eidh ayta, poy anerxontai se 600, apoteloyn to 4% toy synoloy twn katagrafentwn eidwn. Ta ejwgenh ayta eidh, o ariqmos twn opoiwn exei ayjhqei kata tis teleytaies dekaeties, exoyn metaferqei sth Mesogeio me ploia, me to nero poy xrhsimopoieitai ws erma, mesw ths diwrygas toy Soyez, alla kai twn Stenwn toy Gibraltar.

    H ekqesh anaferetai sthn diadosh ths Mnemiopsis Leidyi (ths amerikanikhs medoysas) sthn perioxh apo to Israhl mexri thn Ispania to 2009, h opoia prokalese megalh anhsyxia ejaitias twn synepeiwn ths sto oikosysthma kai tis zwnes alieias.

    Eidh opws ta iapwnika streidi kai mydi exoyn eisaxqei sth Mesogeio mesw ths kalliergeias toys. "Oi kalliergeies streidiwn exoyn metablhqei se pyles eisagwghs seiras eidwn fykiwn stis parakties zwnes, symfwna me toys eidikoys. Kai h anodos ths qermokrasias anamenetai na enteinei to fainomeno.

    Me thn anodo ths qermokrasias ths h Mesogeios qa proselkysei nea tropika eidh kai oi plhqysmoi ths, poy einai hdh parontes sth Mesogeio qa metanasteysoyn pros nees zwnes, oi opoies pros to paron den eynooyn thn paroysia toys, anaferetai sthn ekqesh, h opoia perigrafei ena fainomeno "ektropismoy" ths Mesogeioy, gegonos poy apotelei xwris amfibolia mia apeilh gia thn biopoikilothta, alla epishs kai phgh ploytoy gia orismenes zwnes, grafoyn oi eidikoi.

    Genika, h egkatastash ejwgenwn eidwn apo tis tropikes perioxes sth Mesogeio qa mporoyse na odhghsei sthn apwleia toy idiaiteroy xarakthra twn mesogeiakwn eidwn epimeroys oikosysthmatwn, proeidopoioyn oi eidikoi anaferontas oti einai anagkaia h pragmatopoihsh ektetamenhs analyshs gia th diathrhsh ths biopoikilothtas ths Mesogeioy, prosqetontas oti h qalassa ayth mporei na apotelesei "ypodeigma gia toys wkeanoys toy kosmoy".

    [05] Stoxos h enothta

    Me stoxo th diamorfwsh pneymatos synaineshs kai enothtas metajy twn politikwn dynamewn sthn antimetwpish toy Kypriakoy synerxetai shmera to Eqniko Symboylio. O Proedros D. Xristofias qelei na ejasfalisei th megisth dynath sthrijh, elpizontas oti oi protaseis toy qa apotelesoyn th bash gia ena qetiko apotelesma.

    To klima, wstoso, enwpion toy Eqnikoy Symboylioy den anamenetai na einai kai to kalytero, kaqws edw ki ebdomades oi tonoi ths antiparaqeshs briskontai sta ych. Sanida swthria endexomenws na apotelesoyn oi treis protaseis Xristofia pros thn toyrkikh pleyra, epi twn opoiwn h pleiochfia twn kommatwn exei deijei na antapokrinetai qetika.

    Shmeio kleidi anamenetai na apotelesei h stash poy qa thrhsei o proedros toy DHSY, Nikos Anastasiadhs, o opoios me th stash, poy qa thrhsei enwpion toy Eqnikoy Symboylioy, qa geirei kai th plastigga pros th mia h thn allh kateyqynsh.

    Dedomenh prepei na qewreitai h qetikh stash toy DHKO enanti twn oswn qa zhthsei o Proedros Xristofias apo toys hgetes twn kommatwn, kaqws meta th synedria ths koinoboyleytikhs omadas kai toy ektelestikoy grafeioy apofasisthke, kata pleiochfia, oi protaseis toy kyprioy Proedroy na apotelesoyn th bash twn oswn qa yposthrijei o proedros toy kommatos Marios Karogian.

    Pio dyskolh, an oxi adynath, qa einai h ejeyresh koinhs synistamenhs anamesa ston proedro kai ta kommata EDEK kai EYRWKO, kaqws me kapoies diakymanseis sthn kritikh toy to kaqe ena ekfrazoyn basikes diafwnies me th genikoterh strathgikh toy Dhmhtrh Xristofia.

    Ayrio qa ginei nea synanthsh twn kyriwn Xristofia - Erogloy, sthn opoia anamenetai oti qa syzhthqei kai pali to perioysiako.

    To idio qema syzhthsan stis 30 Ioylioy oi symboyloi twn dyo hgetwn, Giwrgos Iakwboy kai Koyntret Ozersai.


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