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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-08-05

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] "Den yparxoyn nea metra"
  • [02] Apeleyqerwsh agoras cwmioy

    [01] "Den yparxoyn nea metra"

    Th diabebaiwsh oti h ektamieysh olwn twn dosewn toy daneioy pros thn Ellada einai ejasfalismenes, edwse shmera o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy, epishmainontas oti h xwra "qa diaceysei oles tis Kassandres". Se synenteyjh Typoy, me aformh thn oloklhrwsh toy neoy 10hmeroy elegxoy ths ellhnikhs oikonomias apo thn troika, o k. Papakwnstantinoy epishmane oti "h prwth ajiologhsh toy oikonomikoy programmatos einai qetikh, den yparxei neo mnhmonio kai den yparxoyn nea metra. Qa paroyme kai thn trith dosh. Oles tis doseis qa tis paroyme".

    Symfwna me ton ypoyrgo, "o prwtos kyklos ekleise", alla h prospaqeia synexizetai kai "aixmh twn parembasewn sto ejhs qa einai oi diarqrwtikes allages". O k. Papakwnstantinoy prosdiorise se 10 tis diarqrwtikes allages poy qa ylopoihqoyn ews to telos toy etoys kai sygkekrimena: Th nea forologikh dioikhsh me thn antimetwpish ths forodiafyghs, ton neo proypologismo, ton elegxo twn dapanwn kai ths spatalhs sta nosokomeia kai toy kostoys ygeias, tis allages sth dhmosia dioikhsh kai ton Kallikrath, thn apeleyqerwsh twn agorwn kai twn kleistwn epaggelmatwn (dikhgoroi, symbolaiografoi, mhxanikoi, arxitektones, farmakeia, orkwtoi logistes, k.lp.), thn anadiarqrwsh se OSE kai DEKO, thn ajiopoihsh ths dhmosias perioysias kai tis apokratikopoihseis, tis allages sto trapeziko systhma, to neo epixeirhmatiko periballon kai, telos, thn enisxysh ths antagwnistikothtas kai ton elegxo twn timwn.

    Me bash to xronodiagramma, stis arxes Septembrioy qa dhmosiopoihqoyn apo thn troika, ena epikairopoihmeno texniko keimeno gia thn ylopoihsh toy mnhmonioy kai ena keimeno politikhs poy qa apotypwnei thn katastash sthn Ellada. Stis 10 Septembrioy qa synedriasei to dioikhtiko symboylio toy DNT gia thn epishmh apodesmeysh ths symmetoxhs toy Tameioy sth b' dosh toy daneioy. Apo pleyras Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, h antistoixh apofash qa lhfqei sto Ecofin, stis 7 Septembrioy. H b' dosh, ycoys 9 dis. eyrw, qa ektamieyqei stis 13- 15 Septembrioy. H epomenh epishmh ajiologhsh ths ellhnikhs oikonomias qa ginei pros to telos Oktwbrioy, me stoxo thn ektamieysh ths g' doshs pros to telos Dekembrioy. Endiamesa, entos toy Septembrioy, qa breqei sthn Ellada allo klimakio ths troikas, gia thn proetoimasia toy proypologismoy 2011.

    Sth synenteyjh, o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn edwse kathgorhmatikes diabebaiwseis oti:

    " Paramenei h qesh ths kybernhshs gia to 51% sth DEH kai den yparxei proqesh pwlhshs lignitikwn h allwn monadwn

    " Den tiqetai qema perikophs toy 13oy kai 14oy misqoy ston idiwtiko tomea

    " Den exei teqei qema apolysewn proswpikoy apo tis elleimmatikes DEKO kai toys foreis toy Dhmosioy poy qa sygxwneyqoyn, alla qa ginoyn metatajeis mesw twn sxediwn anadiarqrwshs.

    Eidika gia to pistwtiko systhma, o k. Papakwnstantinoy, ejhggeile neo paketo kratikwn eggyhsewn ycoys 25 dis. eyrw gia tis trapezes, me tis opoies qa mporoyn na daneizontai apo thn EKT, prokeimenoy na enisxyqei h reystothta sthn ellhnikh oikonomia. Opws anefere, h epektash toy paketoy twn eggyhsewn kata 25 dis. eyrw (synolika qa einai 55 dis. eyrw), apotelei proypoqesh gia thn ektamieysh ths neas doshs toy daneioy, kaqws "oi trapezes akoma dyskoleyontai na exoyn prosbash se dieqneis phges xrhmatodothshs". Prosdiorise to telos Septembrioy ws to xroniko shmeio gia na arxizei na aposafhnizetai to topio sxetika me thn anadiarqrwsh twn trapezwn, enw, emmesws plhn safws, dhlwse "anoiktos" se ena endiaferon apo to ejwteriko gia to TT kai thn ATE.

    Sygkekrimena, eipe oti thn erxomenh ebdomada anamenetai na ypografei h symbash toy Dhmosioy me treis megaloys oikoys, poy qa apotimhsoyn kai qa ajiologhsoyn tis symmetoxes toy Dhmosioy se oles tis trapezes. Parallhla, ews ton Septembrio qa exei arxisei na leitoyrgei to Tameio Xrhmatopistwtikhs Staqerothtas, enw qa oloklhrwqei h meleth gia tis strathgikes epiloges toy pistwtikoy tomea kai qa ekponhqei to sxedio gia thn anadiarqrwsh ths ATE. Epishmane, pantws, oti den mporei na yparjei safes xronodiagramma gia tis kinhseis twn idiwtikwn trapezwn, "oi opoies apofasizoyn mones toys, alla panta entos toy plaisioy poy exei teqei apo thn Trapeza ths Ellados". Erwthqeis gia to endexomeno proselkyshs jenwn trapezwn se TT kai ATE, o ypoyrgos dhlwse oti "to ellhniko trapeziko systhma einai anoikto. Oi trapezes einai ellhnikes, alla metoxoi einai kai jenoi. Mas endiaferei to trapeziko systhma na diathrhsei thn ellhnikothta toy, alla ayto den anairei tis jenes ependyseis. Ayth th stigmh den yparxei kapoia boylhsh h apofash pros kapoia kateyqynsh". Telos, ejefrase thn ikanopoihsh toy gia to gegonos oti oi trapezes perasan apo ta stress tests kai diabebaiwse oti akomh kai h ATE einai apolytws asfalhs, enw to Dhmosio eggyatai apolytws to mellon ths.

    Oson afora toys piqanoys kindynoys sxetika me thn ylopoihsh toy oikonomikoy programmatos ths xwras kai ton periorismo toy elleimmatos, oi ektimhseis toy ypoyrgoy Oikonomikwn einai paromoies me ekeines ths troikas, kaqws o k. Papakwnstantinoy symperielabe stoys kindynoys aytoys:

    " Thn ysterhsh twn esodwn (FPA, foroi nomikwn proswpwn, k.lp.)

    " Tis yperbaseis twn dapanwn sto kratos (kyriws logw epixorhghsewn OAEE kai OAED, yperbasewn ypoyrgeioy Ygeias kai OPAD)

    " Tis yperbaseis twn dapanwn ston tomea ths Genikhs Kybernhshs, opws me tis promhqeies twn nosokomeiwn kai tis dapanes stoys OTA (eidika enocei twn eklogwn), kai

    " Ton arnhtiko ephreasmo toy ycoys toy dhmosionomikoy elleimmatos kai toy dhmosioy xreoys apo thn epikeimenh enswmatwsh sta stoixeia ths Genikhs Kybernhshs twn stoixeiwn forewn toy Dhmosioy (p.x. to xreos monon toy OSE epibarynei to dhmosio xreos kata 5 monades toy AEP).

    To anakoinwqen ths ''troikas''

    To trietes oikonomiko programma ejygianshs poy efarmozei h ellhnikh kybernhsh jekinhse na ylopoieitai dynamika. Ola ta posotika krithria apodoshs kata ton Ioynio 2010 exoyn ikanopoihqei, kaqodhgoymena apo thn apotelesmatikh efarmogh toy dhmosionomikoy programmatos, enw shmantikes metarryqmiseis briskontai se prohgmenh stadio. En toytois, paramenoyn shmantikes dyskolies kai kindynoi, aneferan se synenteyjh typoy ta melh toy DNT ths Eyrwpaikhs Kentrikhs Trapezas kai ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, meta apo thn pragmatopoihsh toy prwtoy trimhniaioy oikonomikoy elegxoy poy oloklhrwqhke stis 5 Aygoystoy.

    Se koino anakoinwqen epishmainetai oti to AEP anamenetai na syrriknwqei kata 4% to 2010 kai peripoy 2,5% to 2011. O plhqwrismos einai ychloteros apo oti anamenotan, kai gia to logo ayto anaqewrhqhke h ektimhsh gia to 2010 se 4 kai tria tetarta tois ekato, wqoymenos kyriws apo thn ayjhsh twn emmeswn forwn. Xwris shmadia emmeswn epiptwsewn, o plhqwrismos anamenetai na apoklimakwqei.

    Epishs, ta stelexh toy DNT ths EE kai ths EKT sth synenteyjh typoy tonisan oti sto dhmosionomiko tomea oi arxes periorisan tis dapanes toy taktikoy proypologismoy, peran twn oriwn toy programmatos. Ayto antistaqmise apokliseis poy proklhqhkan apo problhmata se epipedo peran toy proypologismoy (topikes aytodioikhseis, nosokomeia kai tameia koinwnikhs asfalishs) ki etsi epiteyxqhke o synolikos stoxos poy eixe teqei gia to telos Ioynioy sxetika me to elleimma.

    Proxwrwntas empros einai shmantiko na efarmostoyn aysthroteroi kanones gia ton elegxo kai thn parakoloyqhsh twn dapanwn, idiaitera se epipedo peran toy taktikoy proypologismoy, prokeimenoy na antimetwpistei o dynhtikos kindynos enantion twn dhmosionomikwn stoxwn, prosqesan.

    Allh mia shmantikh dyskolia brisketai sthn peraiterw enisxysh ths forologikhs dioikhshs, perilambanomenhs ths forodiafyghs sta ychla klimakia eisodhmatos kai perioysias. Ayto einai oysiastikhs shmasias gia th diasfalish forologikwn esodwn kaqws kai gia thn prowqhsh ths dikaiosynhs toy programmatos prosarmoghs.

    Sto shmeio ayto ta stelexh ths troikas tonisan oti oi syntajioyxoi apo thn pleyra toys prosferan oti eixan na prosferoyn sth dhmosionomikh ejygiansh ths xwras kai twra qa prepei na syneisferoyn me to diko toys meridio ki alles koinwnikes tajeis.

    Ta stelexh ths troikas ejefrasan thn ikanopoihsh toys gia tis diarqrwtikes metarryqmiseis. Opws anaferetai sto koinwniko anakoinwqen to klimakio kalwsorizei to nomo gia thn istorikh kai megalopnoh metarryqmish toy syntajiodotikoy systhmatos poy einai symfwnh me ta dieqnh protypa.

    H ylopoihsh ths prosfaths metarryqmishs sto forologiko systhma kai sth diadikasia etoimasias kai ekteleshs toy proypologismoy, apoteloyn epishs shmantika stoixeia ths prospaqeias dhmosionomikhs efarmoghs.

    Se ejelijh brisketai epishs h oysiastikh metarryqmish ths agoras ergasias, enw opws tonisan alles metarryqmiseis poy einai programmatismenes gia na efarmostoyn syntoma kalyptoyn ton tomea twn metaforwn, kaqws kai ton tomea ths energeias.

    H apokatastash ths antagwnistikothtas kai h enisxysh ths dynhtikhs anaptyjhs paramenoyn zwtikhs shmasias gia thn epityxia toy programmatos. H dyskolia poy qa antimetwpisei h kybernhsh sthn kateyqynsh ayth, qa einai sthn antistash apo pagiwmena symferonta sto anoigma twn kleistwn epaggelmatwn, sthn aporyqmish, sthn efarmogh ths odhgias gia ton tomea twn yphresiwn kaqws kai sthn ejaleich twn empodiwn gia thn anaptyjh toy toyrismoy kai toy lianikoy emporioy. Sto shmeio ayto ta melh ths troikas ejefrasan thn ikanopoihsh toys gia thn apofasistikothta ths kybernhshs ston tomea toy anoigmatos twn kleistwn epaggelmatwn.

    Se epaneilhmmenes erwthseis sxetika me dhmosieymata poy aforoyn apolyseis se DEKO, organismoys topikhs aytodioikhshs, ston OSE, alla kai qemata poy aforoyn th DEH, o Pol Tomson apo to DNT epishmane oti briskomaste sthn Ellada gia na kataqesoyme tis empeiries mas, na proteinoyme enallaktikes lyseis kai beltistes taktikes poy efarmozontai se dieqnes epipedo. Den dinoyme odhgies kai tis lyseis prokrinei h ellhnikh kybernhsh, tonise kathgorhmatika o Pol Tomson, anaferontas xarakthristika mhn pisteyete panta oti grafete ston Typo.

    Erwthqeis ean meta thn ajiologhsh poy pragmatopoihqhke sthn Aqhna qa egkriqei h deyterh dosh toy daneioy, eipe oti ayto egkeitai stoys proistamenoys twn organismwn poy ekproswpoyn alla ejefrase th bebaiothta toy, oti den qa yparjei kanena apolytws problhma sthn egkrish ths doshs kaqws qa entypwsiastoyn apo thn proodo, synektimwntas bebaia toys kindynoys poy yparxoyn.

    Gia thn katastash ston xrhmatooikonomiko tomea epishmanqhke oti yphrje mia mesh epideinwsh sthn eparkeia kefalaiwn giati, opws anamenotan, ayjhqhkan ta mh ejyphretoymena daneia. Tonisthke oti to tameio xrhmatooikonomikhs staqerothtas poy qa teqei syntoma se leitoyrgia qa parasxei ena shmantiko anastaltiko mhxanismo gia thn antimetwpish dynhtikhs kefalaiakhs aneparkeias kai ejefrasan thn apoch oti ta 10 disekatommyria eyrw poy exoyn desmeytei gia to tameio qewroyntai eparkh.

    H synexhs kai stenh parakoloyqhsh toy xrhmatooikonomikoy tomea qa einai shmantikh gia thn epomenh periodo, epishmanan.

    Erwthqeis telos gia thn ejygiansh ston OSE kai gia to endexomeno apwleias qesewn ergasias tonisan oti o OSE kostizei terastia posa stoys Ellhnes polites, kaqws ena disekatommyrio eyrw prostiqetai kaqe xrono sto xreos logw toy OSE, enw se epipedo ejyphrethshs pelateias toy Organismoy brisketai katw toy mesoy eyrwpaikoy oroy. To pws qa ylopoihqei h ejygiansh toy Organismoy qa to apofasisei h ellhnikh kybernhsh. Emeis perimenoyme tis anakoinwseis, dhlwsan xarakthristika.

    Sto idio mhkos kymatos kai gia th DEH epishmanqhke h shmasia ths apeleyqerwshs ths agoras kai twn timologiwn, tonisthke omws oti oi opoies apofaseis anhkoyn sthn ellhnikh kybernhsh.

    [02] Apeleyqerwsh agoras cwmioy

    H meiwsh ths timhs toy cwmioy, kata 20 - 30 %, oi ependyseis kai h ayjhsh ths apasxolhshs, qa einai to apotelesma ths apeleyqerwshs ths agoras artopoiias, yposthrizoyn oi artobiomhxanoi. Se ypomnhma poy esteilan pros ton prwqypoyrgo, ton antiproedro ths kybernhshs kai toys synarmodioys ypoyrgoys, anaferoyn akomh oti h diathrhsh ths ``kleisths'' agoras cwmioy odhghse se ayjhseis timwn, kleisimo epixeirhsewn, apolyseis ergazomenwn kai parapomph ths xwras sto Eyrwpaiko Dikasthrio.

    To epikentro ths diamaxhs metajy twn artobiomhxanwn kai twn biotexnwn artopoiwn einai to "bake off" h ``qermes gwnies'', dhladh h paragwgh cwmioy apo zymh poy chnetai ``epi topoy'' sta shmeia pwlhshs (soyper - market kai alla katasthmata trofimwn). Oi qermes gwnies epitrepontai men, me nomo poy chfisthke to 2007, alla me proypoqeseis poy, opws anaferoyn oi biomhxanoi, kaqistoyn apagoreytikh th leitoyrgia toys sta perissotera katasthmata.

    Symfwna me to ypomnhma toy Panellhnioy Syndesmoy Artopoihtikwn Monadwn, to apotelesma twn periorismwn, poy eqese o nomos toy 2007 htan to kleisimo 400 shmeiwn bake-off apo ta 600 poy leitoyrgoysan ws tote, to kleisimo mias artobiomhxanias poy oloklhrwqhke to 2006 gia thn paragwgh proiontwn bake-off kai to epapeiloymeno kleisimo dyo akoma, h apwleia 2000 qesewn ergasias kai h ayjhsh ths timhs toy cwmioy sta 80 ews 90 lepta.

    O PSAM anaferei akomh oti h Ellada exei hdh apo 14/9/2006 katadikasqei apo to Eyrwpaiko Dikasthrio gia tis praktikes ths sxetika me to bake-off kai shmera brisketai en mesw mias neas Eyrwpaikhs prodikastikhs diadikasias gia tis perioristikes ryqmiseis toy N. 3526/2007. Kai zhta, sto plaisio twn nomoqetikwn ryqmisewn gia thn apeleyqerwsh twn kleistwn epaggelmatwn, na perilhfqei kai to anoigma ths agoras artopoiias.

    Apanthsh artopoiwn

    "Kaqe anafora sto epaggelma toy artopoioy ws "kleisto" ginetai ek toy ponhroy", anaferei h Omospondia Artopoiwn Ellados se anakoinwsh - apanthsh sto ypomnhma gia to cwmi toy Panellhnioy Syndesmoy Artopoihtikwn Monadwn (artobiomhxanies). Opws epishmainoyn oi biotexnes artopoioi:

    -Pragmati to epaggelma toy artopoioy htan kleisto ews kai to 1968. Ews to 1992 yphrxan gewgrafikoi periorismoi ( apostaseis biwsimothtas metajy twn artopoieiwn oi opoies katarghqhkan me to n. 2665/92, a.65). Shmera den yparxei apolytws kanenas periorismos gia thn idrysh kai leitoyrgia artopoieioy sthn Ellada.

    -To paradeigma toy Polwnoy artopoioy den mporei na exei kamia efarmogh, h na apotelesei epixeirhmatologia gia oiondhpote epiqymei na askhsei thn epixeirhmatikh drasthriothta toy artopoioy. Kai ayto dioti polla artopoieia exoyn idryqei kai leitoyrgoyn apo nomimws diamenontes sthn Ellada oikonomikoys metanastes, peran toy Ellhna polith o opoios mporei na idrysei kai na leitoyrghsei artopoieio. Me to N. 3526/07 exei aploysteyqei kai h diadikasia gia thn adeiodothsh twn epixeirhsewn artopoiias. Ara, adikws xarakthrizetai to epaggelma toy artopoioy ws kleisto epaggelma.

    -Me to N. 3853/10 (FEK 90A/ 17-06-2010) ikanopoihqhke kai h teleytaia apaithsh ths E.E. gia ypodiairesh se paragwgikothta katw twn 3000 kilwn sta Bake off.


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