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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-08-09

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Pyrkagies kai kayswnas metetrecan th Mosxa se qalamo aeriwn
  • [02] Kamia anoxh
  • [03] Shmantiko bhma
  • [04] Kerdizoyn oi Online agores
  • [05] Mikrh meiwsh twn anergwn
  • [06] Epixeirhseis diaswshs

    [01] Pyrkagies kai kayswnas metetrecan th Mosxa se qalamo aeriwn

    Polloi katoikoi ths Mosxas, anamesa toys kai arketoi diplwmates, apofasisan na egkataleicoyn thn rwsikh prwteyoysa, kaqws para th sxetikh beltiwsh, oi sygkentrwseis twn tojikwn aeriwn sthn atmosfaira ths rwsikhs prwteyoysas paramenoyn se epikindyna epipeda.

    "Paramenei h dysoiwnh oikologikh katastash se oloklhrh thn ektash ths Mosxas, para th mikrh staqeropoihsh sto deytero miso ths hmeras kai th sxetikh araiwsh ths pyknothtas toy kapnoy", anaferetai sth anakoinwsh ths yphresias katagrafhs timwn "MosEkoMonitoringk"., h opoia kategrace times monojeidioy toy anqraka anwteres 3,1 fores twn fysiologikwn timwn, twn swmatidiwn dyo fores kai 2,5 fores twn ydrogonanqrakwn.

    Sto ypoyrgeio Ektaktwn Anagkwn xarakthrizoyn apotelesmatikh thn apofash na arxisei epi 24wroy basews h epixeirhsh katasbeshs sta perixwra ths Mosxas, gi' ayto kai gia prwth fora se diasthma dyo ebdomadwn to teleytaio 24wro o ariqmos twn pyrkagiwn poy katasbesthkan htan megalyteros apo ton ariqmo twn newn estiwn, poy jespasan.

    Oi notioanatolikoi anemoi, poy metaferoyn ws to kentro ths Mosxas toys dhlhthriwdeis kapnoys kataferan na ejaplwsoyn to tojiko nefos apo ta perixwra ths rwsikhs prwteyoysas ews kai th geitonikh sthn Agia Petroypolh perifereia toy Nobgkoront, alla kai sthn idia th boreinh rwsikh prwteyoysa.

    Oi metewrologoi, den problepoyn allagh twn ejairetikwn synqhkwn, poy odhghsan sto apotelesma ayto, para mono apo thn erxomenh Tetarth, opote kai anamenetai na arxisei na allazei h fora toy anemoy, alla kai na pesei h qermokrasia. "O notio-anatolikos anemos synexizei na traba to peplo toy kapnoy apo thn kaiomenh tyrfh apeyqeias sto kentro ths Mosxas. To maqhmatiko montelo deixnei oti mono thn Tetarth mporei na doyme allagh ths foras se notoys kai notiodytikoys anemoys, oi opoioi qa apomakrynoyn ton kapno pros ta boreioanatolika perixwra", dhlwse ekproswpos ths metewrologikhs yphresias ths polhs.

    Polloi diplwmates, ypallhloi presbeiwn kai oi oikogeneies toys exoyn arxisei na egkataleipoyn th rwsikh prwteyoysa, metedwse o radiostaqmos Hxw ths Mosxas. Symfwna me thn idia phgh, prokeitai gia diplwmates kai ypallhloys twn presbeiwn ths Polwnias, ths Aystrias kai toy Kanada. Alles xwres, opws oi HPA, h Bretania, h Gallia kai h Germania, exoyn systhsei ws twra stoys polites toys na mhn kanoyn askopa tajidia se perioxes poy plhttontai apo tis pyrkages.

    Monh aisiodojh nota oti beltiwnetai sxetika h katastash konta sto pyrhniko kentro toy Sarof sta perixwra toy Nizni Nobgkooront (peri ta 400 xiliometra anatolika ths Mosxas), gegonos poy apomakrynei ton kindyno apo to kentro, opoy kataskeyasthkan oi prwtes pyrhnikes bombes kai h ydrogonobomba ths Rwsias.

    Oi yphresies ths Mosxas kaloyn toys polites na paramenoyn entos twn katoikiwn toys, na sfragizoyn ta paraqyra toys me bregmena pania kai tainies, etsi wste na apofeyxqei h dieisdysh twn pio dhlhthriwdwn aeriwn. Ekatontades xiliades maskes poylhqhkan h xorhghqhkan ta teleytaia 24wra, wstoso oi eidikoi ekfrazoyn epifylajeis gia th bohqeia, poy mporoyn na prosferoyn.

    H kinhsh exei safws meiwqei sto kentro ths polhs, omws den leipoyn ki aytoi poy den exoyn skopo na egkataleicoyn thn kaqhmerinh toys drasthriothta. Polloi kykloforoyn me bregmenes petsetes kai maskes kai oi Arxes toys kaloyn "na mhn ntrepontai gi' ayto, an qeloyn na prostateysoyn thn ygeias toys apo tis makroxrones synepeies twn kaysaeriwn".

    Sto metajy, o ariqmos twn nekrwn sth Mosxa ton Ioylio ayjhqhke kata peripoy 50% se sxesh me ton idio mhna perysi, me epipleon peripoy 5.000 qanatoys poy apodidontai ston kayswna, egine gnwsto apo tis yphresies politikhs prostasias sthn Mosxa.

    "Katagrafhkan 14.340 qanatoi sthn Mosxa ton Ioylio, dhladh 4.824 qanatoi perissoteroi ap'o,ti ton Ioylio toy 2009", dhlwse ekproswpos twn yphresiwn politikhs prostasias Ebgkenia Smirnoba.

    "H ayjhsh toy ariqmoy twn qanatwn arxise ton Ioylio. Antiqeta, ton Ioynio oi ariqmoi htan mallon oi synhqeis", tonise h idia ekproswpos.

    "O kayswnas einai bebaio oti ephrease thn katastash", prosqese h Smirnoba xwris wstoso na dwsei stoixeia gia ta aitia twn qanatwn oyte gia ton ariqmo twn nekrwn kata tis prwtes hmeres toy Aygoystoy.

    Dieqnhs bohqeia

    H Rwsia synexizei na dexetai dieqnh bohqeia sthn antimetwpish twn dasikwn pyrkagiwn kai prwth prosfere th bohqeia ths h Germania ston tomea ths apokatastashs, dhlwse o Gioyri Mpraznikof, epikefalhs ths dieyqynshs dieqnoys synergasias toy rwsikoy ypoyrgeioy Ektaktwn Anagkwn.

    Ypo diamorfwsh brisketai h dieqnhs pyrosbestikh moira, sthn opoia symmetexoyn dyo aeroskafh apo thn Italia, ena elikoptero apo th Leykorwsia, ena akomh apo to Kazaxstan. Apo tis 2 Aygoystoy symmetexoyn sthn katasbesh dyo oykranika Antonof kai amesws meta dyo elikoptera apo to Azermpaitzan, poy epixeiroyn stis perioxes Lipetsk kai Riazan. Oykranoi kai Armenioi pyrosbestes symmetexoyn me oxhmata toys sthn katasbesh twn pyrkagiwn gyrw apo to Nizni Nobgkoront, enw anamenetai h dieyqethsh twn typikwn synennohsewn gia thn ypodoxh ths gallikhs omadas pyrosbestwn apo 120 atoma me 37 eidika oxhmata. Th bohqeia prosefere o proedros Sarkozi me thlefwnhma toy ston proedro Mentbientef apo tis prwtes hmeres ths krishs.

    Thlefwnikh synomilia eixan oi prwqypoyrgoi Rwsias Blantimir Poytin kai Italias Silbio Mperloyskoni, o opoios ejefrase ta syllyphthria toy gia toys nekroys kai th sthrijh toy stoys katoikoys ths kentrikhs Rwsias, poy synexizoyn na talaipwroyntai apo tis diastaseis ths katastrofhs.

    To brady ths Deyteras anamenontai sthn perioxh ths Mosxas kai 159 Polwnoi pyrosbestes me 50 oxhmata, poy jekinhsan kai metabainoyn odikws sth Rwsia. 100 pyrosbestes apo th Boylgaria epishs epixeiroyn hdh sta perixwra ths Mosxas, enw ayth th bdomada prosferan th bohqeia toys h Serbia, h Toyrkia, to Oyzmpekistan, h Liqoyania kai h Benezoyela.

    Nea metra yposxetai o Poytin

    O prwqypoyrgos Blantimir Poytin dhlwse pws skopeyei mexri thn shmera na ypobalei sxedio anabaqmishs toy pyrosbestikoy ejoplismoy kaqws kai protaseis gia thn kalyterh prolhch enantion twn pyrkagiwn, grafei h efhmerida Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

    Eidika o Poytin qa proteinei thn ayjhsh toy ariqmoy twn pyrosbestikwn aeroskafwn kai thn apotelesmatikoterh fylajh epikindynwn egkatastasewn.

    H kritikh apenanti sthn kybernhsh oti den kataballei arketes prospaqeies gia thn katasbesh twn pyrkagiwn poy mainontai edw kai ebdomades, einai entonh.

    To dhmosieyma epishmainei pws h rwsikh hgesia ejakoloyqei na qewrei thn katastash "katastrofikh".

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o proedros Ntmitri Mentbentef dhlwse pws h proedria qa exei megalyterh symmetoxh sthn antimetwpish ths krish. "H anagkh einai pragmatika megalh. Oloi prepei na prospaqhsoyme", eipe xarakthristika.

    Mexri twra, penhnta anqrwpoi exoyn xasei th zwh toys, ekatontades traymatisthkan kai xiliades egkataleican tis esties toys.

    Organismoi arwghs kai parathrhtes pisteyoyn oti oi epishmes anakoinwseis ypobaqmizoyn ton ariqmo twn qymatwn kai to megeqos ths katastrofhs.

    Anafores sta mesa enhmerwshs kanoyn logo gia zhmies enos disekatommyrioy eyrw stis kalliergies kai gia xiliades ektaria dasikwn ektasewn katastrammena.

    [02] Kamia anoxh

    To IKA xanei 250-300 ekatommyria eyrw kaqe mhna, opws ektima o neos dioikhths toy Organismoy Robertos Spyropoylos, se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida "Eleyqerotypia", prosqetontas oti to sysswreymeno xreos apo idiwtes kai dhmosies epixeirhseis ftanei sta 8 dis. eyrw.

    ``To 30% twn esodwn ``xanetai``, me apotelesma to IKA na dyspragei oikonomika kai oi dikaioyxoi na niwqoyn oti o asfalistikos organismos qa adynatei se baqos xronoy na antapokriqei stis ypoxrewseis toy. Den exoyme alla periqwria'', tonizei o k. Spyropoylos,

    Stelnei epishs to mhnyma oti apo 1hs Noembrioy den qa yparjei kamia anoxh sto qema ths eisforodiafyghs.

    "Ews ton Oktwbrio, qa eimaste elastikoi. Qeloyme na dwsoyme th dynatothta na ryqmisoyn tis ofeiles toys. Apo thn 1h Noembrioy kai meta, kamia katanohsh", tonizei, prosqetontas oti stoxos toy einai h eisforodiafygh to 2011 na paei apo to 30%. sto 25% h 20%.

    O k. Spyropoylos, shmeiwnei akoma oti ektos apo thn eisforodiafygh, yparxoyn kai alles phges apwleiwn gia to Idryma, opws oi yperaiwnobioi syntajioyxoi.

    ``Yparxoyn 10.000 yperaiwnobioi syntajioyxoi se ola ta Tameia, h megalh pleionothta twn opoiwn einai sto IKA. Makari na zoyn aytoi oi anqrwpoi, wstoso exoyme sobares yponoies oti synexizoyn na syntajiodotoyntai me plasta stoixeia, xwris na einai en zwh. Qa anazhtoyn eyqynes, dioti oi syntajeis aytes taxydromoyntai kai lambanontai apo yparkta proswpa. Tis periptwseis ejetazei to ypoyrgeio shmeio pros shmeio'', tonizei.

    Opws leei o dioikhths toy IKA, qa enisxyqoyn oi mhxanismoi elegxoy "koinopraktwntas me ta ypoloipa Tameia kai me to Swma Epiqewrhtwn Ergasias, to opoio metejelissetai".

    Symfwna me tis ektimhseis toy k. Spyropoyloy, oi dikaioyxoi paroxwn toy IKA einai gyrw sta pente ekatommyria, mhniaia syntajh lambanoyn peripoy 1,1 ekat. atoma, enw oi ergazomenoi entos IKA einai 12.000.

    [03] Shmantiko bhma

    Amerikanoi ereynhtes gia prwth fora kataferan na enqarrynoyn se peiramatozwa th shmantikh anagennhsh twn neyrwn sto nwtiaio myelo, ta opoia elegxoyn tis eqeloysies kinhseis kai eixan katastrafei meta apo traymatismo. To epomeno bhma qa einai h prospaqeia ajiopoihshs ths texnikhs stoys anqrwpoys.

    Oi ereynhtes ths Iatrikhs Sxolhs toy panepisthmioy Xarbarnt kai toy panepisthmioy ths Kalifornia-Irbain, ypo ton kaqhghth Osbalnt Stioyarnt, dhmosieysan sxetikh ergasia sto periodiko neyroepisthmhs "Nature Neuroscience", symfwna me to BBC.

    Oi episthmones xrhsimopoihsan ena enzymo, poy empleketai sthn anaptyjh twn kyttarwn, prokeimenoy na anagennhsoyn neyra sto nwtiaio myelo pontikiwn. Mia analogh texnikh eixe xrhsimopoihqei prohgoymenws gia na anagennhqei to optiko neyro kai na apokatastaqei h orash.

    H ikanothta gennhshs newn neyrikwn kyttarwn einai yparkth kata th gennhsh, alla ejafanizetai stadiaka me to perasma toy xronoy, me synepeia, meta apo ena traymatismo h asqeneia sth spondylikh sthlh, opoy brisketai o nwtiaios myelos, ta neyrika kyttara na mhn mporoyn na anagennhqoyn.

    Oi ereynhtes kataferan na broyn ena tropo na enqarrynoyn ayth thn ikanothta kyttarikhs anagennhshs, ektopizontas apo ta pontikia ena sygkekrimeno gonidio (RTEN) poy, ypo kanonikes synqhkes, mplokarei th gennhsh newn neyrikwn kyttarwn ston myelo. Oi episthmones aneferan oti petyxan na energopoihsoyn se shmantiko baqmo thn kyttarikh anagennhsh stis katestrammenes spondylikes sthles twn zwwn kai twra kanoyn peiramata gia na doyn an h texnikh mporei ontws na apokatasthsei plhrws th leitoyrgia toy nwtiaioy myeloy.

    Mexri shmera, einai adynath h anagennhsh, se ayto ton baqmo, toy nwtiaioy myeloy, me synepeia h paralysh na qewreitai aqerapeyth. H nea anakalych piqanws anoigei to dromo gia mia qerapeia stoys anqrwpoys poy exoyn ypostei sobaro traymatismo sth spondylikh sthlh toys.

    O kaqhghths Tzehms Foset epikefalhs toy tmhmatos klinikhs neyroepisthmhs toy panepisthmioy Kempritz, xarakthrise "synarpastikh" thn anakalych, omws jekaqarise oti h texnikh den einai akoma etoimh na efarmostei se anqrwpoys.

    Link: Gia thn prwtotyph episthmonikh ergasia (me syndromh) sth dieyqynsh: http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/vaop/ncurrent/abs/nn.2603.html

    [04] Kerdizoyn oi Online agores

    Rizikes allages ston tropo poy kanoyme ta cwnia mas exei ferei to diadiktyo. H eykolia poy prosferoyn oi hlektronikes agores proiontwn se syndyasmo me tis antagwnistikes times ayjanoyn synexws to pososto twn katanalwtwn poy protimoyn na kanoyn ta cwnia toys apo ton ypologisth toys.

    Diadiktyakh ereyna ths Nielsen edeije pws h pleiochfia twn xrhstwn toy internet pagkosmiws skopeyei na kanei kapoia online agora sto epomeno diasthma, me ta biblia (44%), ta royxa (36%) kai ta aeroporika eisithria (32%) na katalambanoyn tis prwtes qeseis sthn proqesh agoras dieqnws.

    Ellada: Prwtia stis hlektronikes krathseis aeroporikwn eisithriwn

    Sthn Ellada thn prwth qesh katexoyn ta aeroporika eisithria, kaqws enas stoys dyo Ellhnes (51%) dhlwnei pws skopeyei na agorasei online kapoio eisithrio mesa stoys erxomenoys eji mhnes. Stis epomenes qeseis akoloyqoyn oi krathseis jenodoxeiwn (me 35%), ta biblia (me 33%), o hlektronikos ejoplismos (me 32%) kai ta eisithria synayliwn/ parastasewn (me 29%). Synolika oktw stoys deka Ellhnes xrhstes toy diadiktyoy, dhlwsan pws skopeyoyn na kanoyn kapoia online agora sto epomeno ejamhno.

    Pagkosmiws, to 34% twn katanalwtwn (enas stoys treis) dhlwse pws kanei tis online agores toy apo selides katasthmatwn poy yparxoyn mono sto diadiktyo (p.x Amazon) enw sthn Ellada ayto to pososto meiwnetai sto 21%, kaqws h pleiochfia twn Ellhnwn (39%) fainetai na protimaei perissotero ta katasthmata poy diaqetoyn kai yparkta ktiria.

    Synolika, molis to 16% twn pagkosmiwn xrhstwn toy diadiktyoy kai to 13% twn Ellhnwn dhlwse pws den exei kanei kapoia online agora sto parelqon. Omws, den isxyei to idio gia oles tis perioxes toy planhth, kaqws sthn Afrikh kai th Mesh Anatolh to 46% twn erwtwmenwn dhlwse pws den exei kanei pote kapoia online agora. Epipleon, to 73% pagkosmiws katanalwnei se cwnia toy diadiktyoy katw apo to 10% twn mhniaiwn xrhmatwn poy jodeyei synolika. Sthn Ellada malista ayto to pososto einai akoma ychlotero kai ftanei sto 86%.

    Diakopes mesw internet...

    Sto internet strefontai kyriws oi neoi gia thn organwsh twn diakopwn toys kaqws einai ejoikeiwmenoi me tis nees texnologies. Symfwna me ereyna ths Mh Kybernhtikhs Organwshs "NEOI" h opoia diejhxqh se 296 neoys gia to kalokairi toy 2010, sth syntriptikh toys pleionothta, se pososto poy ftanei to 90,5%, oi hlikies metajy 19-36 etwn organwsan fetos tis diakopes toys mesw diadiktyoy me poly kalyteres times.

    Symfwna me thn idia ereyna, pososto 71% "agorazei" tis diakopes toy apo diadiktyaka tajidiwtika praktoreia enw se pososto 21% "serfarei" sto internet gia na anazhthsei proorismoys kai na kanei ereyna timwn, alla telika epilegei to thlefwno gia thn oristikh krathsh. Oi nearoi xrhstes prin katalhjoyn ston teliko proorismo toys exoyn prohgoymenws ereynhsei entatika oles tis enallaktikes lyseis poy exoyn (pososto 62%).

    Pososto 44% twn newn paradexetai oti anagkasthke na periorisei th diarkeia twn diakopwn toy apo epta se pente hmeres. Epishs, oi paraqalassies diakopes entos Elladas erxontai kai fetos prwtes sthn protimhsh toys me pososto 7%. Sth deyterh qesh briskontai ta tajidia ektos synorwn kai sthn trith proorismoi stoys opoioys mporoyn parallhla na askoyn enallaktikes drasthriothtes.

    Ti "kerdizoyn" oi katanalwtes

    Oi katanalwtes mporei olo kai perissotero na ejoikoikeiwnontai me to Internet kai na pragmatopoioyn tis agores toys me kalyteres times, wstoso den kryboyn toys problhmatismoys toys gia to poso asfaleis einai oi hlektronikes agores.

    O Kwstas Papadopoylos, Idiwtikos Ypallhlos dhlwse sto APE-MPE oti protima na pragmatopoiei tis agores toy kyriws apo to diadiktyo kerdizontas "xrono kai xrhma". Mporei dhladh se syntomo xroniko diasthma na brei to proion poy epiqymei, na kleisei aeroporika eisithria h na kanei krathsh se opoiodhpote jenodoxeio ston kosmo sthn kalyterh timh. Symfwna me ton k. Papadopoylo, "Ta online katasthmata parexoyn ston katanalwth dynatothta eykolias stis synallages, paradoshs toy proiontos sto spiti kai epistrofhs. Gia osoys ergazontai polles wres h ereyna agoras sta katasthmata einai polyteleia kai to diadiktyo prosferei amesh lysh".

    Apo thn pleyra ths h Elenh Gewrgioy, Ekpaideytikos dhlwse sto APE-MPE oti syxna pragmatopoiei agores mesw diadiktyoy. "Agorazw synhqws proionta poy briskw se xamhloteres times apo aytes poy exoyn sta rafia twn katasthmatwn" anefere h k. Gewrgioy. Epishs prosqese oti panta prosexei na xrhsimopoiei gia tis agores ths proplhrwmenh pistwtikh karta, apo thn opoia afaireitai to sygkekrimeno poso ths agoras kai apofeygetai h piqanothta yperxrewshs. Poly shmantiko, symfwna me thn k. Gewrgioy, einai to gegonos oti oi online agores prosferoyn ston katanalwth th dynatothta epistrofhs toy proiontos se periptwsh poy ayto einai elattwmatiko kai amesh antikatastash toy me neo.

    Symboyles gia asfaleis hlektronikes synallages

    Mporei olo kai perissoteroi Ellhnes na protimoyn tis hlektronikes agores wstoso plhqainoyn oi kataggelies poy dexetai h EKPOIZW kai aforoyn problhmata stis agores mesw diadiktyoy (e-commerce).

    Opws epishmainei h antiproedros ths EKPOIZW Panagiwta Kalapoqarakoy se dhlwseis ths sto APE-MPE, oi katanalwtes poy xrhsimopoioyn to internet gia tis agores toys erxontai syxna antimetwpoi me problhmata opws: h mh paradosh toy proiontos poy parhggeilan, h epibarynsh me epipleon ejoda xwris prohgoymenh enhmerwsh kai h xrewsh xwris na exei pragmatopoihqei paraggelia.

    Symfwna me thn k. Kalapoqarakoy, oi katanalwtes gia na mporesoyn na ajiopoihsoyn ta safh pleonekthmata, opws h ejoikonomhsh xronoy kai xrhmatwn kai tis terasties dynatothtes poy dinei to hlektroniko emporio, xwris na pesoyn se pagides, prin paraggeiloyn ena proion mesw diadiktyoy prepei na prosexoyn ta ejhs:

    " Na enhmerwnontai sxetika me thn taytothta kai thn ajiopistia toy hlektronikoy katasthmatos. Prepei na prosdiorizontai jekaqara ta stoixeia ths etaireias, dhladh to onoma, h dieyqynsh, o ariqmos thlefwnoy kai ta stoixeia epikoinwnias.

    " Na kanoyn tis agores toys se istoselides poy parexoyn "asfaleis synallages", basei dieqnwn pistopoihsewn.

    " Gia agores einai protimoteres oi proplhrwmenes pistwtikes kartes, poy elaxistopoioyn ton kindyno oikonomikhs zhmias.

    " Oi oroi xrhshs ths synallaghs prepei na einai prosbasimoi kai diafaneis.

    " Na apofeygoyn tis hlektronikes synallages apo ypologistes tritwn h dhmosia prosbasimoys (p.x. apo Internet kafe).

    " Na fylassoyn toys kwdikoys se asfales meros. Na mhn xrhsimopoioyn gia kwdiko onomata oikeiwn, hmeromhnies gennhshs, epeteiwn, klp, poy eykola mporei na mantecei kaneis.

    " Prepei ta xarakthristika toy proiontos na einai safh, alhqh kai eykola prosbasima. Idiaiterh prosoxh na dinetai sthn timh toy proiontos, tis tyxon epibarynseis, ton tropo plhrwmhs, to xrono paradoshs kai thn politikh epistrofwn toy katasthmatos.

    " Qa prepei na dinetai h dynatothta stoys agorastes na ektypwsoyn h na "swsoyn" ston ypologisth th synallagh poy pragmatopoihsan. Epipleon, oi synallages pantote na epibebaiwnontai me e-mail.

    " Na diathroyn ola ta stoixeia epikoinwnias- isws ta xreiastoyn se periptwsh argoporias h problhmatos me th paradosh toy proiontos.

    " Na gnwrizoyn oti exoyn ta idia dikaiwmata san na kanoyn agores apo kanoniko katasthma (p.x. se periptwsh elattwmatikoy proiontos, mh ekplhrwshs paraggelias klp).

    Symfwna me to n. 2251/1994, opws tropopoihqhke apo to n. 3587/2007 poy efarmozetai kai stis synallages mesw Diadiktyoy, yparxei dikaiwma adikaiologhths ypanaxwrhshs entos 14 hmerwn apo thn paralabh twn proiontwn.

    Se periptwsh epistrofhs, oi katanalwtes epibarynontai me ta ejoda apostolhs.

    Oi katanalwtes an den paralaboyn to proion h laboyn ena proion xwris na to exoyn paraggeilei, prepei na apeyqynqoyn egrafa toso sto katasthma oso kai sthn trapeza apo thn opoia exoyn xrewqei gia thn agora toy proiontos kai na zhthsoyn thn AKYRWSH ths synallaghs kai thn DIAGRAFH ths feromenhs xrewshs.

    [05] Mikrh meiwsh twn anergwn

    Sta 566.804 atoma anhlqan oi eggegrammenoi anergoi sta mhtrwa toy OAED kata to mhna Ioynio. Symfwna me ta stoixeia poy dhmosiopoihse o Organismos, o ariqmos aytos paroysiazei meiwsh 1,03% se sxesh me ton prohgoymeno mhna.

    Oi epidotoymenoi anergoi anerxontai se 177.443 atoma kai emfanizontai meiwmenoi kata 14,69% (30.549 atoma) se sxesh me ton Maio toy 2010. Oi anaggelies proslhcewn anhlqan se 117.576, ayjhmenes kata +3,5% sxetika me ton Ioynio toy 2009, oi apolyseis (kataggelies symbasewn aoristoy xronoy) efqasan tis 31.296, oi lhjeis symbasewn orismenoy xronoy tis 53.256 kai oi oikeioqeleis apoxwrhseis tis 28.592.

    Oi kaqares roes (proslhceis meion apolyseis kai apoxwrhseis) sthn agora ergasias einai qetikes kata 4.432 epipleon qeseis ergasias. To idio megeqos ton Ioynio toy 2009 eixe arnhtikh timh -1.910.

    Akoloyqei to analytiko statistiko deltio toy OAED gia thn kinhsh ths agoras ergasias ton mhna Ioynio toy 2010

    A. EGGEGRAMMENOI STO MHTRWO TOY OAED

    A.1 EPIDOTOYMENOI ANERGOI

    To synolo twn epidotoymenwn anergwn (afora ton ariqmo twn dikaioyxwn poy plhrwqhkan entos toy antistoixoy mhna) kata ton mhna Ioynio anerxetai se 177.443 atoma apo ta opoia oi 171.596 (pososto 96,70%) einai koinoi epidotoymenoi kai oi 5.847 (pososto 3,30%) einai epoxikoi toyristikwn epaggelmatwn. To synolo toy ariqmoy twn dikaioyxwn poy plhrwqhkan kai sto telos toy mhna synexizoyn na exoyn dikaiwma epidothshs anerxetai se 142.678 atoma.

    Sto synolo ths xwras katagrafhke:

    - Meiwsh toy synoloy twn epidotoymenwn anergwn (koinoi epidotoymenoi kai epoxikoi epidotoymenoi toyristikwn epaggelmatwn) apo ton prohgoymeno mhna kata 30.549 atoma, me posostiaia meiwsh -14,69%.

    - Meiwsh twn koinwn epidotoymenwn anergwn apo ton prohgoymeno mhna kata 13.342 atoma, me posostiaia meiwsh -7,21%.

    - Meiwsh twn epoxikwn epidotoymenwn anergwn toyristikwn epaggelmatwn apo ton prohgoymeno mhna kata 17.207 atoma, me posostiaia meiwsh -74,64%, kai

    - Meiwsh toy ariqmoy twn dikaioyxwn poy plhrwqhkan kai sto telos toy mhna synexizoyn na exoyn dikaiwma epidothshs apo ton prohgoymeno mhna kata 11.231 atoma, me posostiaia meiwsh 7,3%.

    To synolo twn newn eggrafwn anergwn poy exoyn dikaiwma epidothshs alla den exoyn plhrwqei entos toy mhna Ioynioy anerxetai se 18.399 atoma, enanti 7.898 atomwn toy prohgoymenoy mhna. Shmeiwnetai oti peripoy to 50% twn newn eggrafwn me dikaiwma epidothshs ton mhna Ioynio, afora se lhjeis symbasewn orismenoy xronoy, kyriws ekpaideytikwn toy dhmosioy kai toy idiwtikoy tomea. Ypo to prisma ayto, ektimatai oti oi eggrafes newn ``koinwn'' anergwn (dhladh, apo kataggelia symbashs aoristoy xronoy) me dikaiwma epidothshs kata ton Ioynio den emfanizoyn sobares diaforopoihseis se sxesh me ton prohgoymeno mhna. Shmeiwnetai oti to megeqos ayto anerxotan se 30.829 atoma ton Ianoyario toy trexontos etoys.

    A.2 SYNOLO EGGEGRAMMENWN ANERGWN

    To synolo twn eggegrammenwn anergwn gia ton mhna Ioynio 2010 anhlqe se 566.804 atoma. Apo ayta 190.087 (33,54%) einai eggegrammena sto mhtrwo toy OAED gia xroniko diasthma iso h kai perissotero twn 12 mhnwn kai 376.717 (66,46%) einai eggegrammena sto mhtrwo anergwn toy OAED gia xroniko diasthma mikrotero twn 12 mhnwn. Sthn Perifereia Attikhs analogei to 34,09% twn anergwn poy anazhtoyn ergasia apo to synolo ths xwras kai sthn Perifereia ths Kentrikhs Makedonias analogei to 20,99%

    Sto synolo ths xwras katagrafhke:

    - Meiwsh twn eggegrammenwn anergwn apo ton prohgoymeno mhna kata 5.916 atoma, me posostiaia metabolh -1,03%. H megalyterh posostiaia meiwsh metajy twn Perifereiwn katagrafhke sthn Perifereia Notioy Aigaioy (-22,17%) kai sthn Perifereia Ioniwn Nhswn (-15,49%) enw posostiaia ayjhsh katagrafhke sthn Perifereia Attikhs (+2,49%).

    - Ayjhsh twn makroxronia anergwn se sxesh me ton prohgoymeno mhna kata 1.507 atoma, me posostiaia metabolh 0,80%. H megalyterh posostiaia ayjhsh emfanizetai sthn Perifereia Boreioy Aigaioy (+2,35%), sthn Perifereia Dytikhs Makedonias (+2,21%) kai sth Perifereia Krhths (+2,15%).

    To synolo twn eggegrammenwn atomwn poy dhlwsan oti den anazhtoyn ergasia gia ton mhna Ioynio 2010 anhlqe se 92.315 atoma, apo ta opoia 24.165 einai eggegrammena sto mhtrwo toy OAED gia xroniko diasthma iso h kai perissotero twn 12 mhnwn, kai 68.150 eggegrammena gia xroniko diasthma mikrotero twn 12 mhnwn.

    B. ROES MISQWTHS APASXOLHSHS STON IDIWTIKO TOMEA

    B.1 ANAGGELIES PROSLHCEWN

    Oi anaggelies proslhchs sto synolo ths xwras gia ton mhna Ioynio anerxontai se 117.576, ayjhmenes kata +3,5% sxetika me ton Ioynio toy 2009 (113.571). Shmeiwnetai oti ton Ioynio toy parelqontos etoys o ariqmos twn anaggeliwn proslhchs kategrace th xamhloterh timh gia ton mhna ayto apo to 2003 ws shmera.

    Oi anaggelies proslhchs katagrafoyn mia meiwsh se sxesh me ton prohgoymeno mhna toy trexontos etoys, kata 6.246 atoma, me posostiaia meiwsh -5,04%. To idio fainomeno katagrafhke kai sta prohgoymena eth, opoy to 2009 h meiwsh proslhcewn metajy Maioy kai Ioynioy htan -10,1%, to 2008 htan -11%, to 2007 htan -17% kai to 2006 htan -7%.

    B.2 KATAGGELIES SYMBASEWN AORISTOY XRONOY

    Oi kataggelies symbashs aoristoy xronoy sto synolo ths xwras gia ton mhna Ioynio anerxontai se 31.296, katagrafontas mia ayjhsh apo ton prohgoymeno mhna kata 5.839 atoma, me posostiaia ayjhsh 22,9%.

    B.3 LHJEIS SYMBASEWN ORISMENOY XRONOY

    Oi lhjeis symbasewn orismenoy xronoy sto synolo ths xwras gia ton mhna Ioynio anerxontai se 53.256, katagrafontas mia ayjhsh apo ton prohgoymeno mhna kata 29.682 atoma, me posostiaia ayjhsh 125,9%. To fainomeno ayto parathreitai kai sta prohgoymena eth, kai ektimatai oti se ena shmantiko baqmo ofeiletai se lhjeis symbasewn ekpaideytikwn toy dhmosioy kai toy idiwtikoy tomea, kai synadei me ta dedomena twn newn eggrafwn me dikaiwma epidothshs anergias ton mhna Ioynio.

    To synolo twn kataggeliwn symbasewn aoristoy xronoy kai twn lhjewn symbasewn orismenoy xronoy kata ton Ioynio, anerxetai se 84.552, to 63% toy opoioy ofeiletai se apoxwrhseis apo thn agora ergasias logw lhjewn symbasewn orismenoy xronoy. To megeqos ayto einai ayjhmeno kata 1,1% se sxesh me ton Ioynio toy 2009 (83.596) kai kata 72,4% se sxesh me ton prohgoymeno mhna toy trexontos etoys (49.031). H ayjhsh metajy Maioy kai Ioynioy katagrafetai kai sta prohgoymena eth: to 2009 htan 87,7%, to 2008 htan 80,4%, to 2007 htan 72,5%.

    B.4 OIKEIOQELEIS APOXWRHSEIS

    Oi oikeioqeleis apoxwrhseis sto synolo ths xwras gia ton mhna Ioynio anerxontai se 28.592, meiwmenes kata -10,3% se sxesh me ton Ioynio toy 2009 (31.885) kai ayjhmenes kata 13,5% se sxesh me ton prohgoymeno mhna toy trexontos etoys (25.183).

    B.5 KAQARES ROES

    Oi kaqares roes ths misqwths apasxolhshs ston idiwtiko tomea - dhladh, oi proslhceis meion tis kataggelies kai tis lhjeis symbasewn meion tis oikeioqeleis apoxwrhseis - einai qetikes gia tetarto synexomeno mhna kai anerxontai se +4.432. To idio megeqos ton Ioynio toy 2009 eixe arnhtikh timh -1.910.

    [06] Epixeirhseis diaswshs

    Oi stratiwtes, me penixro ejoplismo, ereynoyn piqamh pros piqamh ta katestrammena kthria gia na anakalycoyn epizwntes anamesa stoys 1.300 agnooymenoys, meta toys potamoys lasphs poy plhmmyrhsan thn eparxia Gkansoy sth boreiodytikh Kina.

    O kinezos prwqypoyrgos Oyen Ziampao episkefqhke thn perioxh Zotsoy sthn Gkasoy gia na epiblecei to ergo twn swstikwn synergeiwn sthn perioxh, me pleiochfoynta qibetiano plhqysmo, sthn opoia toylaxiston 127 anqrwpoi exasan th zwh toys kai 300 katoikies kalyfqhkan apo th lasph.

    ``Gia osoys exoyn tafei katw apo ta ereipia twra einai h pio krisimh stigmh gia na swqoyn oi zwes toys'', tonise o Oyen sth xqesinobradinh toy syskech me paragontes twn swstikwn synergeiwn, tonizoyn ta topika mesa enhmerwshs.

    O stratos me th xrhsh ekskafewn kai ekrhktikwn prospaqei na katedafisei ena fragma apo xalasmata kai ferta ylika, poy frazoyn ton roy toy potamoy Mpailongk panw apo th Zoytsoy, me thn elpida na apotrecoyn perissoteres plhmmyres, metadidei to praktoreio Nea Kina.

    To empodio prokalese th dhmioyrgia mias limnhs xqes, h opoia argotera yperxeilise kai esteile ``mazika kymata neroy poy krhmnisan'' enan oreino ogko poy despoze ths Zoytsoy, opoy polla polyorofa kthria katastrafhkan, h etafhsan merikws sth lasph.

    Panw apo 1.240 anqrwpoi diaswqhkan mesa apo ta ereipia, h apomakrynqhkan apo tis steges twn kthriwn opoy eixan katafygei, apo toys 6.000 stratiwtes poy anaptyxqhkan sthn perioxh. Panw apo 100 anqrwpoi exoyn traymatisqei, oi 29 apo aytoys sobara.

    Oi grammes toy hlektrikoy ejakoloyqoyn na einai kommenes, enw to nero se orismena shmeia ths polhs fqanei kai ta 4 m., metadidei to Nea Kina. Toylaxiston 45.000 anqrwpoi exoyn apomakrynqei , metajy toys kai katoikoi twn polewn sthn katanth pleyra toy potamoy, poy qewreitai oti kindyneyoyn apo tis laspoplhmmyres.

    Plhmmyres sthn Kentrikh Eyrwph

    Oktw anqrwpoi exasan th zwh toys to Sabbato sthn Tsexia, th Germania kai thn Polwnia enw xiliades alloi xreiasthke na apomakrynqoyn apo tis esties toys ejaitias ths katarraktwdoys broxhs kai ths plhmmyras poy eplhje thn Kentrikh Eyrwph.

    Sthn istoselida ths tsexikhs pyrosbestikhs anaferetai oti stoys treis nekroys poy eixan anaferqei nwritera prosteqhke enas tetartos, enas andras poy pnighke se enan potamo. Sthn perioxh toy Limperets, peripoy 100 xiliometra boreia ths Pragas, ekkenwqhkan ekatontades spitia poy plhmmyrisan apo ta nera. H hlektrodothsh sthn perioxh ayth exei diakopei enw h kykloforia stoys dromoys einai adynath.

    Sth Germania, treis anqrwpoi pnighkan mesa se ena ypogeio sto Noikirxen, sta notioanatolika ths xwras, symfwna me thn astynomia ths perioxhs. Epishs, sthn Polwnia exase th zwh toy enas anqrwpos sthn polh Mpogkatinia h opoia plhmmyrise apo ta nera toy potamoy Mietzianka. Symfwna me to dhmarxo ths polhs, Antrei Gkrmilebits, olh h polh einai plhmmyrismenh kai se orismena spitia to nero exei kalycei ton prwto orofo. "H katastash einai dramatikh", eipe o dhmarxos milwntas sto idiwtiko thleoptiko kanali TVN24.

    Elikoptera toy stratoy exoyn stalei sthn perioxh gia na bohqhsoyn toys katoikoys poy exoyn katafygei stis steges twn spitiwn toys gia na swqoyn. O ekproswpos ths pyrosbestikhs proeidopoihse allwste oti ean spasei to fragma ston tamieythra toy Nientob, konta sthn Mpogkatinia, mporei na apeilhqei h polh Zgkorzelets-Gkerlits, poy brisketai panw sta synora me th Germania. Na shmeiwqei oti se bohqeia twn katoikwn exoyn speysei kai diaswstes apo th Germania.

    Oi broxes prokalesan ektetamenes zhmies kai se alles perioxes ths Polwnias, opws sth Barsobia, opoy plhmmyrise enas staqmos toy metro alla kai polla ypogeia katoikiwn kai nosokomeiwn.


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