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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-08-11

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Diabebaiwseis gia th nea sxolikh xronia
  • [02] Beltiwnetai h katastash sth Mosxa
  • [03] "Eynoikes ryqmiseis"
  • [04] Nea peristatika
  • [05] Problhmatismos gia ta esoda
  • [06] Diergasies gia tis ekloges

    [01] Diabebaiwseis gia th nea sxolikh xronia

    H Yfypoyrgos Paideias Eyh Xristofilopoyloy dhlwse shmera oti h nea sxolikh xronia qa jekinhsei me tis kalyteres dynates proypoqeseis, para ton yperdiplasiasmo twn syntajiodothsewn ekpaideytikwn.

    Oi syntajiodothseis ekpaideytikwn einai fetos 11.466, ariqmos yperdiplasios toy persinoy, eipe h yfypoyrgos, alla tonise oti "kontra stis dyskolies,to Ypoyrgeio Paideias exei epejergastei edw kai mhnes sygkekrimeno sxedio, etsi wste ta sxoleia na jekinhsoyn me tis kalyteres dynates proypoqeseis ton erxomeno Septembrh".

    Symfwna me thn ka Xristofilopoyloy, "to aytonohto einai efikto: To aytonohto - dhladh na exoyme liges elleiceis h kaqoloy elleiceis - den to petyxainame sthn Ellada, akomh kai se xronies poly kales. Elaxistes fores to exoyme petyxei. Fetos eimaste aisiodojoi para tis dyskolies".

    Ki ayto giati, opws eipe, "ta metra poy exoyme sxediasei apo to Noembrio kai kaqe bdomada ta parakoloyqoyme einai: h drastikh perikoph twn apospasmenwn ekpaideytikwn ektos tajhs - exoyme ayth th stigmh gyrw stis 5 xiliades ekpaideytikoys, poy exoyn gyrisei pisw, apo apospaseis ektos tajhs, h katanomh toy ekpaideytikoy mas dynamikoy kata tropo orqologiko, etsi wste na mhn exoyme alloy yperariqmies kai alloy kena, oi diorismoi poy fetos qa einai ligoteroi, alla qa einai se pragmatika kena, se eidikothtes poy mas leipoyn kai oi anaplhrwseis poy qa akoloyqhsoyn toys diorismoys".

    "Sto Ypoyrgeio Paideias eimaste bebaioi oti olh ayth h prospaqeia qa brei antapokrish kai stoys ekpaideytikoys kai sth maqhtikh koinothta. Qelw na diabebaiwsw goneis kai maqhtes oti h sxolikh xronia, poy jekinaei stis 13 toy Septembrh, qa jekinhsei me tis kalyteres dynates proypoqeseis. To Ypoyrgeio Paideias kanei o,ti einai dynaton na ginei pros to skopo ayto. Kai qa to petyxoyme".

    [02] Beltiwnetai h katastash sth Mosxa

    Sxedon aorato einai pleon to tojiko nefos sto kentro ths Mosxas, sta boreia kai dytika ths opoias epesan oi prwtes syntomes broxes kai fyshje dynatos aeras estw kai gia liga lepta symballontas sthn araiwsh kai thn apomakrynsh toy kapnoy.

    Wstoso, oi metewrologoi proeidopoioyn oti to tojiko nefos, poy egkateleice th Mosxa, ypoxwrhse mono proswrina kai thn Pempth h thn Paraskeyh h rwsikh prwteyoysa qa ``trabhjei'' kai pali kapno apo tis pyrkagies sta perixwra.

    Opws dhlwse sto kratiko praktoreio ITAR - TASS o dieyqynths toy Ydrometewrologikoy Kentroy Roman Bilfant, oso kaine sta perixwra ths Mosxas oi pyrkagies, o kindynos molynshs toy aera ths prwteyoysas paramenei ychlos kai h poiothta toy eispneomenoy aera ejartatai mono apo ton anemo.

    Shmera einai h prwth hmera poy jhmerwse gia toys Mosxobites me kaqaro oyrano kai - kata ton k. Bilfant - ``to nefos qa mporoyse na epistrecei tis dyo epomenes hmeres, estw kai se ligotero pyknh morfh'', poly perissotero, poy o kayswnas den biazetai na egkataleicei th rwsikh prwteyoysa kai diathreitai staqera se qermokrasies anw twn 30B C.

    Symfwna me to kentro prognwsewn kairoy ``Fobos'', o prwtofanhs kayswnas exei egkatastaqei sthn perifereia ths Mosxas toys teleytaioys dyo mhnes kai hdh exei petyxei 20 hmerhsia qermokrasiaka rekor, me teleytaio to xqesino twn 34,4B C opws kai to apolyto rekor twn 38,2B C.

    Stis idies ektimhseis katalhgei kai to rwsiko praktoreio eidhsewn Interfaj epikaloymeno alles metewrologikes phges, poy qewroyn oti tis prwtes prwines wres ths Pempths o syndyasmos ths fysikhs omixlhs, ths anastrofhs ths qermokrasias kai h ejasqenhsh twn anemwn qa dieykolynoyn th sygkentrwsh blaberwn ypoleimmatwn kayshs ston aera ths Mosxas kai ths perifereias ths, apo thn idia proeleysh, ej anatolwn.

    Shmera Tetarth, ychles sygkentrwseis dhlhthriwdwn aeriwn kai swmatidiwn parathroyntai mono stis biomhxanikes zwnes kai tis megales odikes arthries ths Mosxas, kaqws to megalytero meros ths polhs kaqarise xarh stoys xqesinobradynoys notiodytikoys anemoys, se syndyasmo me broxh kai topikes kataigides. Eidika oi times toy monojeidioy toy anqraka einai shmera 0,4-1,0 twn anwtatwn epitreptwn oriwn kai oi kairikes synqhkes eynooyn peraiterw th dialysh twn rypwn kai thn ptwsh toys sto edafos mazi me th broxh.

    Symfwna me ta stoixeia toy ypoyrgeioy Ektaktwn Katastasewn ths Rwsias to prwi synexizan na kaine 612 pyrkagies se oloklhrh th xwra synolikhs ektashs 927.020 stremmatwn kai to teleytaio 24wro jespasan 290 nees esties kai katasbesthkan 314.

    Sta perixwra ths Mosxas synexizoyn na kaine 40 esties, synolikhs ektashs 2180 stremmatwn, metajy twn opoiwn kai 17 se epifaneiaka koitasmata tyrfhs.

    To rwsiko ypoyrgeio Antimetwpishs Ektaktwn Anagkwn anakoinwse shmera thn ektroph twn ydatwn toy potamoy Oka gia 20 xiliometra wste na sbhsoyn oi fwties poy kaine sta elh tyrfhs sthn perioxh ths Mosxas.

    "Arxise h diadikasia ektrophs twn ydatwn pros ta elh tyrfhs stis perioxhs Egkoref kai Kolomna (peripoy 80 xiliometra notioanatolika ths Mosxas). Enas agwgos 20 xiliometrwn enwnei ton potamo me thn perioxh Egkoref kai enas allos, mhkoys 15 xiliometrwn me thn Kolomna", dieykrinise h Irina Antrianoba, ekproswpos toy ypoyrgeioy.

    Peripoy 165.000 anqrwpoi, me thn syndromh 550 jenwn eidikwn poy diaqetoyn eji aeroplana kai epta elikoptera, maxontai tis fwties, poy plhttoyn th dytikh Rwsia apo tis arxes Ioylioy, kai apo tis opoies exasan th zwh toys 54 anqrwpoi.

    Arxizei h apodosh eyqynwn

    Arxizontas to "jhlwma" twn ypeyqynwn gia thn katastrofh, alla kai gia thn polyhmerh talaipwria twn katoikwn ths Mosxas, poy fainetai pws bainei pros to telos ths, h ypoyrgos Gewrgias Gilena Skrinik apelyse ton epikefalhs ths dieyqynshs Daswn Mosxas kai perifereias, o opoios den diekoce thn triwn ebdomadwn adeia toy akomh ki otan eixan foyntwsei ola mazi ta dash sta perixwra ths Mosxas.

    Prokeitai gia thn prwth emprakth ylopoihsh ths xqesinhs systashs toy proedroy Mentbientef oti oloi oi emplekomenoi sth dasikh oikonomia, oi opoioi den epestrecan stis ergasies toys, prepei na apolyqoyn.

    Se mia prwtofanh dhlwsh gia ta rwsika dedomena, endeiktikh toy klimatos kai twn anamenomenwn ejelijewn, phges toy Kremlinoy ejefrasan sto kratiko praktoreio RIA-Nobosti th dysareskeia toys gia to gegonos oti o Dhmarxos ths Mosxas Gioyri Loyskof epestrece molis thn Kyriakh apo to ejwteriko sth qesh toy. O Dhmarxos Mosxas einai oysiastika kybernhths ths mhtropolitikhs Mosxas, dhladh apolytos arxontas ths ektelestikhs ejoysias sth rwsikh prwteyoysa kai to grafeio toy qelhse na meiwsei tis diafainomenes antidraseis legontas oti "bohqoyse sto syntonismo thlefwnikws", alla kai oti "htan se programmatismenh qerapeia gia aqlhtiko trayma". Dhmosieymata toy Typoy eirwneyontai tis topoqethseis aytes, kaqws kai to gegonos oti frontise na ekdwsei egkyklio gia na meiwqoyn oi wres ergasias kai oi synedriaseis ths kybernhshs ths Mosxas, alla kai na prostateysei apo ton kayswna ta agaphmena toy melissia, apomakrynontas ta apo tis pio qermes se pio droseres perioxes twn perixwrwn ths polhs.

    Thn idia stigmh o Dhmarxos dexetai epikriseis gia thn paramonh xiliadwn paidiwn se kataskhnwseis sta perixwra kai h antipoliteysh zhthse thn paraithsh toy. O k. Loyskof klhqhke kai apo ton prwqypoyrgo B.Poytin, o opoios ton epainese "giati gyrise egkaira apo tis diakopes toy", mia frash, poy ermhneyetai apo polloys ws eirwnikh kata to styl Poytin, xwris tipote allo na prodidei opoiodhpote problhma pros to paron.

    Kindynos diasporas radienerghs molynshs

    Oi dasikes pyrkagies sth dytikh Rwsia exoyn plhjei apo ton Ioylio zwnes molysmenes apo radienergeia sth dytikh perioxh ths xwras se ektash 40.000 stremmatwn, symfwna me stoixeia poy dhmosieyontai sthn istoselida ths yphresias epithrhshs twn daswn (Roslesozachtchita, www.rcfh.ru).

    O ypoyrgos Ektaktwn Katastasewn Sergkei Soigkoy eixe ekfrasei thn perasmenh ebdomada ton fobo mhpws oi pyrkagies fqasoyn se aythn thn perioxh, tonizontas oti sthn periptwsh ayth h pyrkagia qa metadidotan sta radienerga stoixeia poy briskontai sto edafos kai th blasthsh.

    "Oles oi yphresies stis molysmenes me radienerga ylika prepei na laboyn epeigonta metra", anaferei h yphresia prostasias twn daswn, epimenontas kyriws sthn "prostasia toy plhqysmoy sta edafh poy plhttontai apo toys kapnoys" kai "ton entopismo twn zwnwn metaforas radienergwn ylikwn".

    Wstoso, o anaplhrwths dieyqynths ths yphresias dasoprostasias Alejei Mpomprinski dhlwse sto Galliko Praktoreio Eidhsewn oti den yparxei "logos panikoy".

    "Den pisteyw oti h katastash qa labei katastrofikh ejelijh. Me ton kapno, ena meros ths rypanshs metaferetai alloy, alla den prokeitai gia katastrofh, dioti o,ti kaigetai brisketai sthn epifaneia kai ta molysmena stoixeia briskontai se baqos", eipe.

    O katalogos twn idiaitera molysmenwn apo radienerga stoixeia zwnwn perilambanei kontines sth Mosxa perioxes, opws einai oi perioxes ths Kaloygka kai ths Toyla (200 xiliometra notio-dytika kai notia ths rwsikhs prwteyoysas), opoy kahkan molysmenes perioxes ektashs 1.730 kai 440 stremmatwn antistoixa.

    Perilambanei thn perioxh toy Mpriansk, notio-anatolika ths Mosxas kai tis synoriakes perioxes me th Leykorwsia kai thn Oykrania, opoy 28 dasikes pyrkagies katekaysan 2.690 stremmata. Ayth h zwnh exei molynqei apo thn pyrhnikh katastrofh toy Tsernompil, to 1986.

    Sthn istoselida ths yphresias anaferetai epishs oti sthn perioxh toy Tseliampinsk, sta Oyralia (2.000 xiliometra anatolika ths Mosxas) kahkan 14.310 stremmata molysmenhs apo radienerga stoixeia zwnhs.

    H perioxh filojenei megales pyrhnikes egkatastaseis, anamesa toys to sygkrothma Maiak epejergasias kai apoqhkeyshs pyrhnikwn apoblhtwn, qeatro megalhs pyrhnikhs katastrofhs kata th sobietikh epoxh, to 1957.

    Oi pyrkagies proseggisan to kentro, alla oi rwsikes arxes anakoinwsan oti elegxoyn thn katastash.

    H Greenpeace apo thn pleyra ths proeidopoiei pws yparxei shmantikos kindynos diasporas radienerghs molynshs apo to Magiak.

    [03] "Eynoikes ryqmiseis"

    Tis pleon aysthres kyrwseis, poy mporei na ftasoyn mexri to kleisimo epixeirhsewn h akoma kai na katasxeqoyn oi trapezikes kataqeseis, antimetwpizoyn oi ergodotes poy den qa ejoflhsoyn tis ofeiles toys sta asfalistika tameia mexri tis 15 Oktwbrioy. H politikh hgesia toy ypoyrgeioy Ergasias kaqws kai h nea dioikhsh toy IKA exoyn qesei ws stoxo na patajoyn thn eisforodiafygh sthn xwra mas kai na ayjhqoyn ta esoda twn Tameiwn.

    Mono oi bebaiwmenes ofeiles pros to IKA anerxontai sta 12 dis. eyrw kai o stoxos toy ypoyrgeioy Ergasias kai Koinwnikhs Asfalishs einai na sygkentrwqoyn mexri thn lhjh ths proqesmias ths ryqmishs panw apo 400 ekat. eyrw. Oi ofeiletes-ergodotes sto IKA aggizoyn toys 240.000 kai oi opoioi xrwstane 4,5 dis. eyrw. Epishs, to idio to kratos xrwsta sto IKA ta diplasia xrhmatika posa apo toys idiwtes, dhladh peripoy 8,5 dis. eyrw.

    " H anoixth prosklhsh gia ryqmish ofeilwn epixeirhsewn pros to IKA, me toys eynoikoys oroys poy isxyoyn ws tis 15 Oktwbrh, exei ws skopo thn dieykolynsh twn idiwn twn epixeirhsewn, se ayth th dyskolh oikonomikh sygkyria, tonizei se dhlwsh toy sto APE-MPE o dioikhths toy IKA k. Robertos Spyropoylos .

    Symfwna me ton k. Spyropoylo, to pososto ekptwshs toy 80% twn prosqetwn epibarynsewn se periptwsh efapaj katabolhs, h toy 60% se periptwsh ejoflhshs se 36 h 48 doseis, den prokeitai sto mellon na epanalhfqei kai h jekaqarh desmeysh toy Ypoyrgoy Ergasias den afhnei periqwria amfisbhthshs.

    Ayto poy emeis desmeyomaste sto IKA, opws anaferei o dioikhths toy IKA, einai oti se synergasia me toys ergazomenoys kai toys ergodotes, ajiopoiwntas thn proklhsh ths 15hs Oktwbrh na ejantlhsoyme kaqe dynatothta, wste ta esoda poy qa prokycoyn apo ayth th ryqmish na apotelesoyn afethria qetikhs enswmatwshs toys, me prwteyonta prosanatolismo, h meiwsh ths eisforodiafyghs na syndyastei kai me th stadiakh meiwsh twn asfalistikwn eisforwn.

    "Giati as eimaste eilikrinhs oi asfalistikes eisfores sthn Ellada einai ychles , kai mia apo tis basikoteres aities einai akribws oti enswmatwnoyn kai thn apwleia twn esodwn poy prokalei h eisforodiafygh kai eisforoapofygh. Oloi mazi prepei na oikodomhsoyme mia nea enareth afethria poy qa ejyphretei th Dhmosia koinwnikh asfalish, tis epixeirhseis kai toys asfalismenoys. "Symmaxia gia thn Koinwnikh Asfalish" aytos prepei na einai o koinos mas stoxos" dhlwse xarakthristika o k. Spyropoylos.

    Prosklhsh pros toys ofeiletes-ergodotes na ypaxqoyn egkaira stis ryqmiseis toy ypoyrgeioy gia tis ofeiles sta Tameia kai na plhrwsoyn ta xreh toys, aphyqyne kai pali o ypoyrgos Ergasias k. Andreas Loberdos, mesw ths synenteyjh Typoy poy edwse. Epishs, o k. Loberdos tonise oti oi ryqmiseis gia tis ofeiles sta tameia einai eynoikes gia toys ergodotes kai anakoinwse th systash epitrophs gia tis megales ofeiles sta asfalistika tameia anw twn 300.000 eyrw.

    Apo thn pleyra toy, anaferomenos sto qema twn ofeilwn o yfypoyrgos Ergasias Giwrgos Koytroymanhs eipe oti apo toys elegxoys ginetai fanero oti to poso twn xrewn ayjanetai synexws kai ektimatai oti isws jeperasei ta 15 dis. eyrw, enw oson afora toys ofeiletes eipe oti prokeitai gia 800.000 epixeirhseis kai aytoapasxoloymenoys, ek twn opoiwn oi 450.000 einai epixeirhseis kai aytoapasxoloymenoi, 250.000 agrotes kai peripoy 100.000 proswpa poy askoyn kai allh epaggelmatikh drasthriothta.

    O proedros twn ergazomenwn toy IKA Attikhs k. Nikos Xatzopoylos, milwntas sto APE-MPE, anefere oti h nea dioikhsh toy organismoy kineitai pros thn swsth kateyqynsh kai prepei oloi na plhrwnoyn tis ofeiles toys sta asfalistika tameia.

    Symfwna me ton idio, h entolh poy exei doqei stoys ergazomenoys twn esodwn einai na elegxoyn kala toys ofeiletes-ergodotes kai osoi apo aytoys den speysoyn na ryqmisoyn ta xreh toys mexri tis 15 Oktwbrioy qa breqoyn antimetwpoi me to nomo kai qa toys epiblhqoyn shmantikes kyrwseis.

    Pantws, symfwna me ton k. Xatzopoylo, den einai kai ligoi oi epixeirhmaties poy xrwstane sto IKA kai apeiloyn se entono yfos oti ean klhqoyn na plhrwsoyn tis ofeiles toys, tote proxwrhsoyn se apolyseis proswpikoy, kaqws h oikonomikh krish toys exei ephreasei shmantika ta oikonomika toys apotelesmata.

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o antiproedros ths panellhnias Enwshs Forotexnwn Episthmonwn k. Manoysos Ntoykakhs, milwntas sto APE-MPE anefere ta ejhs: "Qa prepei kai oi megales epixeirhseis kai omiloi na plhrwsoyn tis ofeiles toys sta Tameia kai oxi mono oi mikres etairies kai ta katasthmata, ta opoia exoyn "gonatisei" apo thn krish. Epishs, to idio to kratos poy einai o megalyteros ofeileths sta asfalistika tameia kai xrwsta sto IKA peripoy 8,5 dis. eyrw, qa ta plhrwsei ayta ta xrhmata;"

    Akomh o k. Ntoykakhs tonise oti " h Olympiakh Aeroporia xrwsta sto IKA to poso twn 650 ekat. eyrw kai den exei akoma dieykrinistei poios qa plhrwsei ayta ta xrhmata. Qa ta plhrwsei to idio to kratos h o epixeirhmatikos omilos poy thn ejagorase;".

    Pws na ryqmisete tis ofeiles sas sto IKA

    Me ta esoda sta tameia na xtypoyn "kokkino" logw ths oikonomikhs krishs, h dioikhsh toy IKA proxwrhse se nea ryqmish ofeilwn, se mia prospaqeia na sygkentrwsei ena xrhmatiko poso apo tis ofeiles. Ews tis 15 Oktwbrioy exoyn proqesmia na kataqesoyn oi endiaferomenoi ergodotes aithsh, prokeimenoy na symmetexoyn sth nea ryqmish ofeilwn gia to IKA - ETAM.

    Symfwna me to ypoyrgeio Ergasias, h nea ryqmish isxyei kai gia ofeiletes poy exoyn hdh ypobalei aithsh h exoyn ypaxqei sth ryqmish tmhmatikhs ejoflhshs ofeiletwn symfwna me tis diatajeis toy arqroy 19 toy N.3833/10 kai throyn toys oroys ayths.

    Oi ergodotes exoyn th dynatothta:

    1. Efapaj ejoflhshs twn lhjiproqesmwn apaithtwn eisforwn me ekptwsh 80% epi twn prosqetwn telwn (oikoqen kai aytotelwn).

    2. Ryqmish me tmhmatikh katabolh twn lhjiproqesmwn apaithtwn eisforwn mexri 36 mhniaies doseis, me ekptwsh 60% epi twn prosqetwn telwn (oikoqen kai aytotelwn). To poso ths kaqe mhniaias doshs den mporei na einai mikrotero twn 200 eyrw.

    Prokeimenoy oi ergodotes na tyxoyn ths proanaferomenhs eynoikhs ryqmishs, qa prepei na ypoballoyn sxetikh aithsh gia ryqmish sto armodio ypokatasthma toy IKA - ETAM, mexri tis 15 Oktwbrioy, gia ton prosdiorismo toy ycoys ths synolikhs ofeilhs toys, h opoia qa ejoflhqei h qa ryqmisqei sto armodio Tameio Eisprajhs Esodwn h Tameiakh Yphresia toy Ypokatasthmatos IKA - ETAM.

    Efoson h aithsh gia elegxo kai ryqmish twn ofeilwn ypoblhqei meta thn 15h Oktwbrioy, ta anwterw pososta twn ekptwsewn kaqorizontai se 40% kai 20% antistoixa gia tis anwterw periptwseis

    Se periptwsh adynamias

    Ean o ofeileths adynatei na katabalei tis orizomenes me thn apofash ryqmishs doseis mexri kai 4 synexomenwn, mporei na synexisei kanonika thn katabolh twn epomenwn dosewn. H dynatothta ayth parexetai mexri kai 3 fores kata th diarkeia ths ryqmishs, me thn proypoqesh oti kataballontai emproqesma oi doseis gia 8 synexomenoys mhnes kaqe fora. Sthn periptwsh ayth h ryqmish parateinetai tosoys mhnes osoi einai oi mhnes ths mh katabolhs twn dosewn (me anwtato ariqmo dosewn tis 48).

    Entos kaqe oktamhnoy einai dynath h ekproqesmh katabolh doshs ews to telos toy epomenoy mhna apo ayton poy einai apaithth. H parapanw ekproqesmh katabolh epitrepetai gia mia dosh se kaqe oktamhno. Qa parexetai oikoqen (xwris na apaiteitai h ypobolh aithshs apo ton ergodoth - ofeileth) h problepomenh ek twn anwterw diatajewn ekptwsh toy 60% epi twn prosqetwn telwn (oikoqen kai aytotelwn) sto anejoflhto poso ths ofeilhs.

    Gia oses ek twn periptwsewn twn ergodotwn eixe ypoblhqei aithsh gia elegxo kai ypagwgh se ryqmish symfwna me tis diatajeis toy arqroy 19 toy n.3833/2010 prin apo thn enarjh efarmoghs twn diatajewn ths paroysas, ta armodia organa qa probainoyn sthn ekdosh apofasewn symfwna me tis koinopoioymenes me thn paroysa diatajeis.

    Ta aithmata twn ofeiletwn gia ryqmish twn ofeilwn toys mexri 48 isoposes mhniaies doseis (gia synolikh ofeilh anw twn 300.000) qa ejetazontai apo toys dieyqyntes twn Tameiakwn Yphresiwn twn ypokatasthmatwn h twn Tameiwn Eisprajhs Esodwn IKA - ETAM, oi opoioi qa krinoyn kai qa apofasizoyn thn ypagwgh toys se ryqmish.

    [04] Nea peristatika

    Mia 70xronh apo th Naoysa noshleyetai me egkefalitida, sthn entatikh monada toy Qeageneioy Nosokomeioy ths Qessalonikhs.

    Symfwna me osa dhlwse o dioikhths toy Qeageneioy Nosokomeioy Arhs Moysiwnhs, sthn periptwsh ths hlikiwmenhs gynaikas exei taytopoihqei oti prokeitai gia ton "io toy Dytikoy Neiloy".

    Wstoso, den exei dieykrinistei apo to KEELPNO, an to sygkekrimeno peristatiko symperilambanetai sta tessera teleytaia epibebaiwmena kroysmata, poy anebasan se 20 ton ariqmo twn periptwsewn, stis opoies exei taytopoihqei o "ios toy Dytikoy Neiloy".

    H katastash ths 70xronhs, h opoia noshleyetai diaswlhnwmenh, sthn entatikh, einai sobarh.

    Dyo akomh asqeneis, me symptwmata egkefalitidas noshleyontai sto nosokomeio Beroias.

    Opws dhlwse sto APE-MPE o dioikhths toy nosokomeioy, N. Xatzhdhmhtrioy, o enas ek twn dyo eixe proselqei sto nosokomeio Beroias ton Ioynio, ap' opoy eixe metaferqei sto Loimwdwn, opoy paremeine kapoio diasthma gia noshleia. Kaqws, omws, ypotropiase, proshlqe ek neoy, proxqes, sto nosokomeio ths Beroias, opoy kai noshleyetai.

    To deytero peristatiko afora enan hlikiwmeno andra, 86 etwn, o opoios eishlqe sto nosokomeio, me allh phgh problhmatos kai sth synexeia diapistwqhke pws pasxei apo egkefalitida.

    Synolika sto nosokomeio Beroias noshleyontai ennea asqeneis me symptwmata egkefalitidas. Deigmata exoyn stalei sto A' Mikrobiologiko Ergasthrio ths Iatrikhs Sxolhs toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Qessalonikhs, prokeimenoy na diapistwqei, ean prokeitai gia ton "io toy Dytikoy Neiloy".

    En anamonh twn apotelesmatwn, o k. Xatzhdhmhtrioy dhlwse oti h klinikh katastash twn asqenwn einai kalh kai pws oi arxes toy nosokomeioy akoloyqoyn th systash toy Nosokomeioy Loimwdwn ths Qessalonikhs gia paramonh twn asqenwn gia noshleia toylaxiston deka hmerwn, protoy laboyn ejithrio.

    Hdh, dyo ej aytwn exoyn symplhrwsei to proteinomeno diasthma noshleias kai den apokleietai na laboyn ejithrio.

    Symfwna me ta, mexri twra, apotelesmata twn ejetasewn toy A' ergasthrioy mikrobiologias ths Iatrikhs Sxolhs toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Qessalonikhs, dekaeji asqeneis apo thn Kentrikh Makedonia, ek twn opoiwn oi dyo ejepneysan, nosoysan apo ton "io toy dytikoy Neiloy''.

    Synolika apo tis arxes Ioylioy eishxqhsan 24 asqeneis me loimwjeis toy kentrikoy neyrikoy systhmatos (egkefalitida kai iogenh mhniggitida), enw persi thn antistoixh periodo paroysiasthkan 7 peristatika, opws anefere o dioikhths toy Loimwdwn Nosokomeioy ths Qessalonikhs, Petros Seridhs.

    Iogenhs egkefalitida exei diagnwsqei, epishs, se enan 60xrono, apo thn perioxh Omolioy Larisas, poy noshleyetai sto Geniko Nosokomeio Larisas. Deigma pros ejetash exei apostalei sto A' Mikrobiologiko Ergasthrio Iatrikhs Sxolhs Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Qessalonikhs (APQ), prokeimenoy na diapistwqei, ean prokeitai h oxi gia ton io toy Dytikoy Neiloy.

    Metra apo tis nomarxies

    Th synexish toy programmatos katapolemhshs koynoypiwn sth Dytikh Qessalonikh, toylaxiston mexri tis 15 Septembrioy, qa zhthsei apo thn Perifereia Kentrikhs Makedonias h Nomarxia Qessalonikhs.

    Ayto apofasisthke se syskech, poy pragmatopoihqhke sth Nomarxia, ypo thn antinomarxh Ygeias Aqhna Ahdona kai th symmetoxh olwn twn emplekomenwn forewn sto programma katapolemhshs koynoypiwn toy nomoy ki ekproswpwn toy Kentroy Katapolemhshs Koynoypiwn twn Serrwn.

    Parallhla, apofasisthke na ginei ereyna se synergasia me to Aristoteleio Panepisthmio Qessalonikhs (APQ) gia na diapistwqei, an to eidos toy koynoypioy, poy metadidei ton "io toy Dytikoy Neiloy", exei entopistei sto nomo Qessalonikhs.

    Epipleon, qa zhthqei apo thn Perifereia adeia gia thn eyryterh efarmogh toy programmatos katapolemhshs akmaiwn koynoypiwn apo aeros kai egkrish ths epikairopoihshs toy programmatos, sto synolo toy nomoy.

    ``Gia ola ayta apaitoyntai prosqetes xrhmatodothseis, poy qa prepei na egkriqoyn apo thn Perifereia'', shmeiwse h ka Ahdona.

    Ypogrammise, epishs, oti h shmerinh syskech egine gia prolhptikoys logoys kaqws, opws eipe, den exoyn entopistei piqana kroysmata toy "ioy toy Dytikoy Neiloy" sto nomo.

    Syskech gia to qema ths katapolemhshs twn koynoypiwn pragmatopoihqhke xqes kai sth nomarxia Hmaqias me th symmetoxh twn 12 dhmarxwn toy nomoy, ekproswpoy toy Kentroy Katapolemhshs Koynoypiwn twn Serrwn kai ekproswpoy ths etaireias poy pragmatopoiei toys cekasmoys.

    Opws epishmane o nomarxhs Kwstas Karapanagiwtidhs, apofasisthke h enhmerwsh toy kosmoy apo ta mesa enhmerwshs kai apo afises kai fylladia, h epektash toy programmatos cekasmwn se olo ton nomo (enw mexri twra oi cekasmoi ginontan stis perioxes poy exoyn diapistwmeno problhma) kai h pragmatopoihsh apentomwsewn se esties anaparagwghs koynoypiwn, opws ta stasima nera, oi borqoi kai alles perioxes me megales sygkentrwseis ydatwn.

    Ti prepei na prosexoyme gia ton "io toy dytikoy Neiloy"

    Kaqhsyxastikoi einai oi episthmones oson afora ton "io toy dytikoy Neiloy", meta ta peristatika egkefalitidas poy paroysiasthkan sth xwra mas, synistwntas th lhch atomikwn metrwn prostasias apo to tsimphma koynoypiwn, opws h xrhsh entomoapwqhtikwn, antikoynoypikwn plegmatwn (sites), endymatwn poy kalyptoyn megalh epifaneia toy swmatos (makria manikia kai pantelonia) k.lp.

    O ios toy Dytikoy Neiloy metadidetai me to tsimphma molysmenwn koynoypiwn, enw oi prosbeblhmenoi asqeneis den metadidoyn th noso. Sth megalh pleionothta twn periptwsewn, oi asqeneis emfanizoyn hpia noso me pyreto kai endexomenws myikoys ponoys h den emfanizoyn kaqoloy symptwmata. Se mikro mono pososto, mikrotero apo to 1%, twn asqenwn -kai kyriws se hlikiwmena atoma- emfanizontai epiplokes apo to Kentriko Neyriko Systhma, opws mhniggitida h egkefalitida, poy sthn pleionothta twn periptwsewn exoyn kalh poreia.

    ``Den yparxei logos tromokratias, o ios kanei hpia loimwjh kai polles fores mporei na noshsei o anqrwpos alla na mhn katalabei tipota'', anefere h anaplhrwtria kaqhghtria toy APQ Anna Pappa, prosqetontas oti ta pio polla peristatika einai asymptwmatika, aplws, ta hlikiwmena atoma, kanoyn mia loimwjh toy kentrikoy neyrikoy systhmatos poy thn jepernoyn, omws, se megalo pososto.

    ``Kai ta perasmena xronia kaname synexeis elegxoys alla fetos eixame mia ayjhsh se sxesh me ta persina peristatika. Twra einai pleon qema epagrypnhshs kai apo dw kai pera eyelpistoyme oti qa pane ola kala'', katelhje h k. Pappa.

    O ios anagnwristhke gia prwth fora to 1937 sthn eparxia toy Dytikoy Neiloy sthn Oygkanta. Kroysmata kai epidhmies loimwjhs se anqrwpoys kai zwa exoyn ekdhlwqei sthn Afrikh, thn Asia, th Mesh Anatolh, thn Eyrwph (symperilambanomenhs ths Mesogeioy) kai thn Aystralia. To 1999 anagnwristhke gia prwth fora stis HPA, opoy shmera katagrafetai megalos ariqmos kroysmatwn kai h nosos pleon endhmei.

    Epidhmies "Pyretoy toy Dytikoy Neiloy" se anqrwpoys exoyn ekdhlwqei apo to 1996 se diafores xwres ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs (opws Gallia, Ispania, Roymania, Oyggaria) kai prosfata sthn Italia kai Portogalia. Epishs, apo to 1999 ews kai shmera exei emfanistei megalos ariqmos kroysmatwn stis Hnwmenes Politeies Amerikhs.

    To Ypoyrgeio Ygeias kai Koinwnikhs Allhleggyhs, se synergasia me tis emplekomenes Ygeionomikes Perifereies, exei labei metra gia thn egkairh diagnwsh kai dhlwsh twn peristatikwn apo toys foreis paroxhs yphresiwn ygeias. Epipleon, synista th dienergeia symplhrwmatikwn programmatwn kwnopoktonias se eidikes periptwseis - pera apo aytes poy ginontai ethsiws basei twn sxetikwn odhgiwn toy Ypoyrgeioy pros tis Nomarxiakes Aytodioikhseis.

    [05] Problhmatismos gia ta esoda

    Shmantikh meiwsh se pososto 39,7% paroysiase to elleimma toy kratikoy proypologismoy to eptamhno Ianoyarios - Ioylios 2010 se sxesh me to antistoixo diasthma perysi, enanti stoxoy toy proypologismoy gia meiwsh toy kata 39,5%. O periorismos toy elleimmatos to eptamhno ofeiletai toso sth meiwsh twn dapanwn oso kai sthn ayjhsh twn esodwn.

    Ayto prokyptei apo ta stoixeia toy Genikoy Logisthrioy toy Kratoys poy doqhkan sth dhmosiothta gia thn poreia ekteleshs toy proypologismoy to eptamhno Ianoyarioy - Ioylioy 2010.

    Symfwna me ta proswrina diaqesima stoixeia toy kratikoy proypologismoy gia to eptamhno, se dhmosionomikh bash, to elleimma diamorfwqhke sta 12.097 ekat. eyrw apo 20.050 ekat. eyrw sto antistoixo diasthma toy 2009 ( meiwsh kata 39,7%).

    Opws shmeiwnei sthn anakoinwsh toy to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn "to elleimma toy Kratikoy Proypologismoy kineitai entos twn stoxwn kai twn mhniaiwn problecewn toy Programmatos Oikonomikhs Politikhs". Anaferei de oti to apotelesma ayto exei epiteyxqei prin akomh apodwsoyn plhrws ta prosqeta metra poy qespisthkan.

    Se oti afora eidikotera ton periorismo toy elleimmatos apo 45,4% to ejamhno Ianoyarioy-Ioylioy 2010, se 39,7% to eptamhno Ianoyarioy-Ioylioy 2010, ofeiletai, opws shmeiwnei to ypoyrgeio, toso se mikrh ysterhsh twn taktikwn esodwn, oso kai sth shmantikh ayjhsh twn dapanwn gia tokoys ton mhna Ioylio.

    Eidikotera ta kaqara esoda toy taktikoy proypologismoy ayjhqhkan kata 4,1%, se sxesh me to antistoixo diasthma toy prohgoymenoy etoys, enanti ethsioy stoxoy gia ayjhsh kata 13,7%.

    Oi dapanes toy taktikoy proypologismoy sto idio diasthma meiwqhkan kata 10,0%, enanti stoxoy gia meiwsh kata 5,5%. Eidikotera oi prwtogeneis dapanes einai meiwmenes kata 12,6%, enanti ethsioy stoxoy meiwshs kata 5,8%, enw oi dapanes gia tokoys meiwqhkan epishs kata 0,2% enanti ethsias problechs gia ayjhsh kata 5,6%.

    Oi dapanes toy P.D.E. einai periorismenes kata 36,3%, enw ta esoda toy ayjhqhkan kata 23,5% se sxesh me thn antistoixh periodo toy 2009.

    ND - Staikoyras- Poreia proypologismoy

    ``Ta apotelesmata, mhna me mhna, diaceydoyn tis probleceis toy oikonomikoy epiteleioy ths kybernhshs kai epibebaiwnoyn th qesh mas gia thn anapotelesmatikothta toy meigmatos ths askoymenhs oikonomikhs politikhs'', dhlwse o Anaplhrwths Ypeyqynos toy Tomea Politikhs Eyqynhs Oikonomias ths Neas Dhmokratias, boyleyths Fqiwtidas, Xrhstos Staikoyras, sxetika me thn poreia ekteleshs toy Proypologismoy to 1o eptamhno toy 2010.

    O k. Staikoyras anefere metajy allwn:

    ``H kybernhsh synexizei thn antimetwpish ths oikonomikhs krishs me epikoinwniaka trik. Oi logistikes akrobasies gia th meiwsh toy elleimmatos den epilyoyn to problhma. H pragmatikothta einai diaforetikh kai den krybetai. H yfesh baqainei, to biotiko epipedo twn politwn syrriknwnetai, h asfyjia twn epixeirhsewn diogkwnetai, ta "loyketa" pollaplasiazontai. Ta esoda katarreoyn kai oi dhmosies ependyseis periorizontai dramatika''.

    [06] Diergasies gia tis ekloges

    Se anazhthsh ypochfiwn eyryterhs apodoxhs poy qa bohqhsoyn th ND na petyxei ena kalo apotelesma stis dhmotikes kai perifereiakes ekloges toy Noembrioy brisketai h hgesia toy kommatos ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs.

    Gia ton Antwnh Samara oi aytodioikhtikes ekloges einai to prwto pragmatiko test sto opoio kaleitai na ferei kalo apotelesma, prokeimenoy na edraiwsei thn hgesia toy, na ballei to komma se troxia anakamchs kai na prolabei fwnes eswkommatikhs amfisbhthshs.

    Parallhla, omws, exei na lysei kai to eswkommatiko stayrolejo: na proteinei proswpa apo oles tis taseis, wste na fanei enwtikos kai parallhla na periorisei ta opoia ``antartika'', poy, hdh, exoyn arxisei na jefytrwnoyn se orismenes perioxes ths epikrateias.

    Sto epikentro toy endiaferontos ths Rhgillhs, brisketai pleon h perifereia Attikhs kai o Dhmos Peiraia, afoy sthn Aqhna, th Qessalonikh kai thn Perifereia Kentrikhs Makedonias, oi ypochfioi exoyn anakoinwqei.

    H perifereia Attikhs apokta idiaiterh politikh shmasia logw toy megeqoys ths, gegonos poy dyskoleyei peraiterw thn anazhthsh katallhloy ypochfioy.

    O nyn nomarxhs Anatolikhs Attikhs Lewnidas Koyrhs den epiqymei na einai ypochfios, kati sto opoio symfwnei kai h hgesia toy kommatos.

    To hgetiko epiteleio qa protimoyse mia ``hxhrh'' ypochfiothta, endexomenws apo thn kentrikh politikh skhnh, me kales pergamhnes kai eyryterh aphxhsh, gia na shmatodothsei thn politikh antiparaqesh.

    Sto parelqon eixan akoystei ta onomata toy Baggelh Meimarakh kai toy Arh Sphliwtopoyloy: Kai oi dyo prwhn ypoyrgoi eixan dioxeteysei to endiaferon toys gia thn sygkekrimenh perifereia.

    Omws, oi paraskhniakes epafes den eydokimhsan, me apotelesma o k. Samaras na feretai aporriptikos kai gia tis dyo ypochfiothtes, enw apo thn pleyra toys oi dyo politikoi fainetai na aposyroyn to endiaferon toys.

    Tis teleytaies hmeres akoygetai sta kommatika grafeia to onoma toy prwhn ypoyrgoy Kwsth Xatzhdakh, poy eixe paei kala stis teleytaies ekloges sthn megalyterh perifereia ths xwras, th Bb Aqhnwn.

    Dyskolia, omws, yparxei kai gia ton Dhmo Peiraia.

    Arxika eixe akoystei to onoma toy proedroy ths Eqnikhs Synomospondias Ellhnikoy Emporioy Basilh Korkidh, o opoios, omws, aperrice thn ypochfiothta kai proteine ton proedro toy Emporikoy Epimelhthrioy Giwrgo Kassimath.

    Symfwna me asfaleis plhrofories, o A. Samaras eixe skefqei ws piqano ypochfio ton dieyqynth toy politikoy toy grafeioy kai Peiraiwth Kwnstantino Arbanitopoylo. Exei jekaqaristei oti den qa einai ypochfios o Basilhs Mixaloliakos kai o prwhn boyleyths Panagiwths Melas.

    Epipleon ponokefalos gia th Rhgillhs einai h anejarthth ypochfiothta toy prwhn boyleyth toy kommatos Petroy Mantoybaloy poy qa sterhsei chfoys apo ton kommatiko ypochfio.

    Toso gia thn perifereia Attikhs, oso kai gia ton Dhmo Peiraia, h telikh apofash qa ejarthqei kai apo tis kinhseis poy qa kanei to PASOK.

    Me bash tis plhrofories poy sygkentrwnoyn, sth Rhgillhs ektimoyn oti kai sto kybernwn komma yparxei dystokia gia tis dyo aytes perioxes.

    Sto metajy, syzhthsh metajy twn stelexwn toy kommatos exei prokalesei h anakoinwsh sthrijhs se proswpa ta opoia sto parelqon htan ``konta'' sthn ka Ntora Mpakogiannh kai eixan taxqei dhmosiws sto pleyro ths sthn anametrhsh gia thn hgesia.

    O Dhmhtrhs Drakos gia thn perifereia Peloponnhsoy, o Qanashs Xeimaras gia thn perifereia Stereas Elladas, o prwhn boyleyths Kwstas Agorastos gia thn perifereia Qessalias, o epishs prwhn boyleyths Spyros Spyroy gia thn perifereia Ioniwn Nhswn, o Paylos Bogiatzhs sthn perifereia Notioy Aigaioy, anhkoyn se ayth thn kathgoria.

    Thn ypochfiothta gia thn perifereia Dytikhs Elladas diekdikei me piqanothtes o boyleyths Giwrgos Kontogiannhs - epishs proskeimenos sthn ka Mpakogiannh - alla kai o Nikos Nikolopoylos poy eixe thrhsei oydeterh stash.

    Paromoiws se mia seira dhmoys h Rhgillhs edwse to xrisma toy ypochfioy poy proskeintai sthn ka Mpakogiannh kai oxi mono se en energeia Dhmarxoys.

    H hgesia ths ND yposthrizei oti h politikh ayth exei tria qetika shmeia:

    Katb arxhn emfanizei enwtiko proswpo, deyteron enswmatwnei stelexh ths kas Mpakogiannh sth domh toy kommatos kai antistoixws ths sterei ereismata kai trito qewrei oti me ayto ton tropo qa periorisei tis diarroes dysaresthmenwn chfoforwn.

    H Rhgillhs qewrei dedomeno oti o ``mhtsotakikos mhxanismos'' qa sthrijei ta proswpa ayta. Se orismenes periptwseis malista qa exoyn kai thn sthrijh toy LAOS, opote qa paroyn to synolo twn kentrodejiwn chfoforwn.

    Sth Rhgillhs lene oti an oi ypochfioi aytoi den pane kala, kaneis den qa mporesei na kathgorhsei ton proedro toy kommatos gia dixastikh politikh, enw h eyqynh qa moirastei.

    O kindynos gia ton Antwnh Samara einai thn ``epomenh'' twn eklogwn, otan h ka Mpakogiannh piqanws qa proxwrhsei se idrysh kommatos kai mia seira apo toys perifereiarxes kai dhmarxoys, poy qa exei sthrijei h ND, na pane mazi ths kai na ths prosferoyn ereismata kai mhxanismoys stis topikes koinwnies.

    Sto epiteleio toy A. Samara anagnwrizoyn ws yparkto ton kindyno ayto, alla eyelpistoyn oti oi apwleies qa einai mikres kai qa perioristoyn stoys ``orkismenoys mhtsotakikoys'', opws o Dionyshs Xatzhdakhs sto Palaio Falhro, h o S. Spyroy sthn perifereia Ioniwn, poy proeklogika eixe kataferqei dhmosiws enantion toy shmerinoy arxhgoy ths ND.

    Enas akomh ponokefalos einai ta ``antartika'' kyriws se orismenoys dhmoys.

    Mexri stigmhs, se epipedo perifereiwn problhma yparxei sthn Peloponnhso, poy exei enan idiaitero symbolismo, giati paradosiaka h pleiochfia einai kentrodejia kai ekei anhkei kai o nomos Messhnias to propyrgio toy proedroy toy kommatos.

    H kentrodejia twra katebainei katakermatismenh, me kindyno na kerdisei thn anametrhsh to PASOK, an brei ton katallhlo ypochfio.

    Apenanti ston epishmo ypochfio ths ND k. Drako katebainei o prwhn ypoyrgos ths ND Petros Tatoylhs, poy qa exei thn yposthrijh kai toy LAOS, opws kai o prwhn nomarxhs Korinqias k. Dhmhtrhs Sarabakos, poy epishs mporei na kocei krisimes chfoys.

    O A. Samaras epixeirei na jeperasei ta problhmata sto epipedo twn proswpwn, poy, pros to paron, den dhmioyrgoyn megales prosdokies sto eswteriko toy kommatos, dinontas eyryterh politikh diastash stis ekloges kai proseggizontas thn Aristera.

    O Proedros ths ND qa epixeirhsei na polwsei to politiko klima, me epikentro to Mnhmonio me thn troika. Ektima oti mexri ton Noembrio to politiko klima qa einai entelws diaforetiko, kaqws qa exoyn fanei oi arnhtikes synepeies ths oikonomikhs politikhs sto koinwniko swma, poy qa trofodothsoyn thn dysareskeia apenanti sthn kybernhsh kai stoys ypochfioys ths.

    Me ajona, loipon, to koino shmeio ths antiqeshs sto Mnhmonio qa epidiwjei peraiterw proseggish me ta kommata ths Aristeras.

    H hgesia ths ND qa epiqymoyse h "synantilhch" ayth se epipedo koryfhs, na apeleyqerwsei aristeroys chfoforoys poy h chfos toys qa einai krisimh sto deytero gyro.

    Sto plaisio ayto, oi aytodioikhtikes ekloges qa apotelesoyn gia ton A. Samara thn ``proba tzenerale'' ths antipoliteytikhs toy taktikhs.

    Hdh ta stelexh toy kinoyntai sth ``grammh'' na anaferontai synexws ston ``prwqypoyrgo toy mnhmonioy'' kai sthn ``kybernhsh toy mnhmonioy'' kai me ajona thn antiqesh sto Mnhmonio h hgesia ths Rhgillhs qa epixeirhsei na emfanisei to komma ws ton polo mias eyryterhs ``patriwtikhs symmaxias'', me stoxo ``thn apallagh apo ta keleysmata twn jenwn''.


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