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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-08-13

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Anakalyptontas ta dash ths Kentrikhs Rodophs

    [01] Anakalyptontas ta dash ths Kentrikhs Rodophs

    Poikilomorfa dasika topia, me jexwristh gohteia kai ajiologh poikilia xarakthristikwn sth blasthsh, thn agria zwh kai th gewlogia skiagrafoyn to topio sto nomo Dramas. Ston oreino ogko toy opoioy, perilambanontai merika apo ta pio endiaferonta, apo oikologikh apoch, dasika oikosysthmata ths Elladas.

    Jexwristh qesh exei h perioxh ths oroseiras ths Kentrikhs Rodophs, me ta monadika dash eryqrelaths kai shmydas ths perioxhs Elatias, to adiatarakto fysiko oikosysthma toy Parqenoy Dasoys Fraktoy, ta mysthriaka dash toy Lepida kai ta polyboya dash ths Stamnas.

    H perioxh, zwntano fysiko moyseio, idiaiterhs poikilothtas- opws anaferetai kai sto kalaisqhto diafhmistiko entypo, poy ekdoqhke ypo thn epopteia toy tmhmatos Toyristikhs Anaptyjhs ths Dieyqynshs Programmatismoy ths Nomarxiakhs Aytodioikhshs Dramas- me thn paroysia toy peripoy 60% ths eyrwpaikhs xlwridas, apotelei to notiotero shmeio ejaplwshs pollwn kentroeyrwpaikwn eidwn toy zwikoy kai fytikoy basileioy.

    Gia na gnwrisei o episkepths thn perioxh ths Kentrikhs Rodophs, to Paranesti (40 xlm. apo thn Polh ths Dramas) isws na einai h katallhloterh afethria. Apo ekei, akoloyqwntas diadromh me kateyqynsh boreia qa ftasei stis iamatikes phges Qermiwn (32 xlm.), ap' opoy qa synexisei pros ta Dash Elatias (72 xlm.) kai Fraktoy (52 xlm.).

    Se apostash 7 xlm. apo ta Qermia, o dromos ftanei sth diastayrwsh "Zhta", opoy h anatolikh kateyqynsh (dejia) odhgei sto dasos Fraktoy (13 xlm.) kai sto Parqeno Dasos, enw h dytikh kateyqynsh (aristera) odhgei pros to Dasos ths Elatias (28 xlm.). Ystera apo 26 xlm. (apo th qesh Zhta) synanta kaneis thn kentrikh diastayrwsh toy dasikoy odikoy diktyoy Elatias - Megalhs Panagias - Potamwn.

    Apo th diastayrwsh ayth kai aristera, se apostash 2 xlm. mesa apo dasos eryqrelaths, brisketai to Dasiko Xwrio Elatias kai sth synexeia ths diadromhs, me kateyqynsh notia, h polh ths Dramas (72 xlm.). H diadromh apotelei thn pio syntomh ejodo apo th dasikh perioxh ths Kentrikhs Rodophs.

    H synexish ths diadromhs apo to Dasiko Xwrio Elatias pros ta dytika, akoloyqwntas th diadromh Dasiko Ergotajio Megalhs Panagias- Potamoi (30 xlm), apotelei th dytikh ejodo apo to oreino tojo. H diadromh perna apo ta oria toy dasoys ths shmydas (Dasiko Ergotajio Magoylas), poy idiaitera th fqinopwrinh periodo prosferei eikones monadikes.

    H apostash Paranesti - Elatia - Potamoi sto synolo ths einai 150 xlm., ek twn opoiwn ta prwta 32 xlm ths diadromhs (mexri ta loytra Qermiwn) einai asfaltostrwta, enw ta ypoloipa einai xwmatina.

    Parqeno Dasos Fraktoy- To "iero" twn daswn

    Apo ta pio polytima oikosysthmata, oxi mono ths Elladas kai twn Balkaniwn, alla kai ths Eyrwphs, einai to Parqeno Dasos, poy brisketai sta boreioanatolika oria toy nomoy Dramas kai apotelei tmhma toy dasikoy symplegmatos Fraktoy.

    Apo to 1980 exei anakhryxtei "Diathrhteo Mnhmeio ths Fyshs" kai ektote telei ypo kaqestws eidikhs prostasias, poy to exei metatrecei se pragmatiko abato.

    Parqeno qewreitai ena dasos, poy exei ftasei sto apwtato orio ths fytokoinwniologikhs toy ejelijhs, xwris na exei ypostei kamia apolytws anqrwpinh parembash.

    Mesa sto Parqeno Dasos toy Fraktoy apagoreyetai aysthra kaqe anqrwpinh drasthriothta, gegonos poy epitrepei sto dasos na leitoyrgei ws ena fysiko ergasthri, me anypologisth episthmonikh ajia.

    H panida toy Parqenoy Dasoys, opws kai ths eyryterhs perioxhs toy Fraktoy, einai ejairetika ploysia kai antiproswpeyetai apo eidh, opws to elafi, to agriogido, to agriogoyroyno, h mayrotsiklitara, o agriokoyrkos, o leykonwths, o dasofylloskopos, o karyoqraysths k.a.

    Xarh sta megala sarkofaga zwa poy zoyn sto Parqeno Dasos, opws o lykos, h arkoyda kai o xrysaetos epitygxanetai h aytorryqmish toy plhqysmoy twn zwwn, gegonos sto opoio ofeiletai h diathrhsh ths oikologikhs isorropias toy.

    To Parqeno Dasos Fraktoy einai ena mikto dasos ojias, elaths kai eryqrelaths kai anamfibola mporei na qewrhqei ws ena fysiko ergasthri. Sto mellon ayto qa pairnei olo kai megalyterh ajia kaqws ayjanei h anagkh ths ereynas toy periballontos.

    H eisodos sto Parqeno Dasos epitrepetai mono me eidikh adeia apo to Ypoyrgeio Agrotikhs Anaptyjhs kai Trofimwn gia diejagwgh episthmonikhs ereynas kai pragmatopoieitai katopin enhmerwshs toy Dasarxeioy Dramas.

    To eyrytero dasiko sygkrothma, sto opoio anhkei kai to "Parqeno Dasos" einai to "Dasos Fraktoy", poy ws "prodromos" toy Parqenoy brisketai ki ayto se kaqestws merikhs prostasias. Apotelei tmhma ths kentrikhs Rodophs sta boreia toy Paranestioy. Sthn perioxh yparxoyn merikes apo tis chloteres koryfes ths Kentrikhs Rodophs. Apo tis koryfes aytes jekinoyn xaradres kai koilades, poy tis diasxizoyn mikra oreina potamia, me entypwsiakoys katarraktes.

    H xlwrida toy Fraktoy, opws kai oloklhrhs ths oroseiras, einai meseyrwpaikh kai paroysiazei terastia poikilia ejaitias toy megaloy ycometrikoy eyroys ths perioxhs.

    Ta dash ths mayrhs peykhs poy synantoyme anebainontas pros to ergotajio Fraktoy diadexontai dash cyxrobiwn kwnoforwn (elaths, dasikhs peykhs kai eryqrelaths) se amigh h mikth emfanish me fyllobola platyfylla (ojies, shmydes, sfentamia kai, se xamhlotera ycometra, balanidies). H fysikh diamorfwsh ths perioxhs toy Fraktoy me tis xaradres toy, tis orqoplagies kai tis libadikes toy ektaseis, yposthrizei mia ejairetika ploysia panida.

    Ejalloy, oi entonoi gewlogikoi sxhmatismoi, oi polyariqmoi liqoswroi kai h afqonia twn nerwn, poy sxhmatizoyn mikra kai megala remata kai eji diadoxikoys katarraktes, kanoyn to Dasos toy Fraktoy idaniko dasiko topio. Ayto to topio, oi episkeptes mporoyn na to apolaysoyn ejasfalizontas eidikh adeia diamonhs apo th dasikh yphresia Dramas, ston jenwna toy Fraktoy.

    H prosbash sto Dasos Fraktoy mporei na ginei eite mesw toy Dasoys Elatias (113 xiliometra dasikos xwmatinos) eite mesw Paranestioy (52 xiliometra me to megalytero meros asfaltino). Apo to shmeio opoy diastayrwnontai oi dyo dromoi (qesh Z) synexizei enas neos skyrostrwtos dromos mexri to Dasos Fraktoy.

    H perioxh prosferetai gia pezoporia, peripatoys kai podhlasia. Diaqetei ena kalosxediasmeno diktyo monopatiwn to opoio exei prosfata synthrhqei. Sta monopatia ths perioxhs pragmatopoieitai o maraqwnios "Virgin Trail", gia aqlhtes poy diaqetoyn swmatikh antoxh 104 xiliometrwn.

    Stis lyomenes egkatastaseis (Ergotajio) toy Fraktoy, epitrepetai h dwrean diamonh ston jenwna, o opoios diaqetei 18 krebatia se 4 dwmatia, kai h syneth xrhsh twn loipwn egkatastasewn, kaqws kai kataskhnwsh (mono se xwro toy ergotajioy), epeita apo synennohsh me to Dasarxeio Dramas.

    Elatia- Ta monadika dash Eryqrelaths kai Shmydas

    H pio gnwsth perioxh ths Kentrikhs Rodophs, to perifhmo Dasos ths Elatias (h Karantere), kyriarxei sto boreio kentriko tmhma toy nomoy ths Dramas. O myqos twn ellhnikwn daswn, me ta ygra skoteina dash kwnoforwn, brisketai se apostash 72 xiliometrwn apo thn polh ths Dramas. Kyriarxo eidos toy dasoys aytoy, poy exei ta xarakthristika enos oloklhrwmenoy, ygioys kai staqeroy oikosysthmatos, einai h entypwsiakh eryqrelath, gia thn opoia h perioxh apotelei kai to notiotero orio ejaplwshs. Shmantikh, wstoso, einai kai h paroysia ths dasikhs peykhs kai ths ojias. Ormhtika remata sxhmatizoyn daidalwdeis oreines koilades prosdidontas mia agria omorfia sthn perioxh, h opoia exei "apallagei" olosxerws apo th monimh anqrwpinh paroysia, epeita apo to B' Pagkosmio Polemo.

    Anatolika toy Dasikoy Xwrioy kai se apostash 7 xlm. yparxei h qesh "Straborema", idanikos xwros ypaiqrias anacyxhs. To onoma ths to ofeilei stoys maiandrismoys toy omwnymoy rematos to opoio dhmioyrgei ena hpio libadi anamesa se pykna dash eryqrelaths kai dasikhs peykhs. O dromos toy Straborematos (katallhlos gia tetrakinhta) synexizei me notia kateyqynsh gia 19 xlm.. Panw sthn koith toy rematos. Sto teleiwma aytoy toy dromoy, oi episkeptes mporoyn na afhsoyn to aytokinhto toys kai na akoloyqhsoyn to palio monopati (me prosfath shmansh kai synthrhsh), to opoio kateyqynetai pros noto- parallhla me thn poreia enos megalyteroy ydatinoy poroy, toy "Megaloy Rematos"- gia na katalhjei sto dromo Paranestioy- Qermiwn.

    Dytika apo to Dasiko Xwrio, sth diadromh pros to Dasiko Ergotajio Megalhs Panagias - Potamoi, se mikrh apostash apo ta ellhnoboylgarika synora, brisketai to monadiko ston elladiko xwro sygkrothmeno dasos shmydas.

    H shmyda einai dendro fyllobolo poy jexwrizei apo thn kremokladh ths emfanish kai to leyko floio poy apolepizetai san papyros.

    Ekeino, omws, poy anadeiknyei th monadikothta ths shmydas einai h allagh toy xrwmatos twn fyllwn ths, ta opoia ginontai to fqinopwro xrysafenia, dinontas sto topio yfh ejwpragmatikh.

    Sthn perioxh ths Elatias kai sygkekrimena sth qesh "Koytra" yparxei to Dasiko Xwrio, idiokthsias ths Dasikhs Yphresias. Apoteleitai apo petrina ktiria, ta opoia xrhsimopoioyntai, ektos twn allwn, kai gia filojenia episkeptwn.

    H prosbash sto Dasos ths Elatias ginetai, jekinwntas apo th Drama, pros ta xwria Libadero kai Sidhronero, mesw asfaltostrwmenoy dromoy. Meta to Sidhronero, o dromos synexizei ws th Skalwth kai akoloyqws se kalo dasiko xwmatodromo ws to Dasiko xwrio. Apo ekei kai pera yparxei ena arketa pykno diktyo dasikwn xwmatodromwn gia toys latres ths tetrakinhshs.

    Falakro kai Menoikio- Ta boyna twn loyloydiwn

    To Falakro einai ena apo ta omorfotera kai chlotera boyna ths xwras, gnwsto idiaitera gia to xionodromiko toy kentro. Prokeitai gia enan entypwsiako oreino ogko, poy kaqhlwnei ton episkepth ths perioxhs, kaqws orqwnetai kyriarxo sto kentro toy nomoy Dramas, se apostash 44 xiliometrwn apo thn polh ths Dramas.

    Sta libadia twn koryfwn toy Falakroy orgiazei mia idiaiterh ploysia, powdh blasthsh, me polla endhmika ths Balkanikhs kai spania gia th xwra mas, enw h asyllhpth xrwmatikh poikilia twn loyloydiwn entypwsiazei ton episkepth.

    To boyno diasxizei to eyrwpaiko monopati E6, enw prosfata synthrhqhkan kai topoqethqhke shmansh se monopatia, poy xrhsimopoioysan oi ntopioi katoikoi ths perioxhs, dinontas thn eykairia stoys filoys ths oreinhs pezoporias gia endiaferoyses pezoporikes diadromes pros to faraggi twn Pyrgwn h pros th boreia daswmenh pleyra toy boynoy.

    Oi boreies, pykna daswmenes plagies toy boynoy, ektos apo thn ejach ths pezoporias, mporoyn na xarisoyn entones sygkinhseis gia toys "erastes" ths tetrakinhshs. H xwmatinh diadromh toy boreioy tmhmatos toy boynoy mporei na jekinhsei apo to oreino xwrio toy Bwlaka kai na teleiwsei sth qesh "Toyloympari" (liga xiliometra meta ton oikismo toy Libaderoy), opoy synanta to asfaltostrwmeno tmhma toy dromoy poy odhgei apo thn polh ths Dramas sto dasos ths Elatias.

    To Menoikio oros (35 xiliometra apo thn polh ths Dramas), me ena synexomeno epipedo koryfwn mikrwn ycometrikwn diaforwn, brisketai apenanti apo to Falakro orioqetwntas to dytiko synoro toy nomoy Dramas.

    To tmhma toy Menoikioy poy brisketai sta oria toy nomoy Dramas xarakthrizetai apo oreina libadia me ploysia blasthsh, dash yperaiwnobiwn dendrwn kastanias, endiaferonta anqrwpogenh topia (stis boreies yporeies toy) kai apo ploysia orniqopanida.

    H episkech sto boyno mporei na akoloyqhsei diaforetikes diadromes. H pleon dytikh jekina apo ton oikismo toy Panoramatos, apo opoy, mesa apo diktyo dasodromwn proseggizei ta ceydalpika libadia ths perioxhs Trigkas.

    Eykoloterh gia ta oxhmata einai h diadromh poy perna apo thn Mikropolh, akoloyqei ton mikto dromo(asfaltino-xwmatino) diasxizontas to aiwnobio dasos kastanias, gia na fqasei sto oreino katafygio toy topikoy oreibatikoy syllogoy se ycometro 850 m.

    To katafygio, ktismeno se jefwto dipla sto jwklhsi ths Panagias Kastaniwtissas, apotelei ton kalytero isws staqmo ths perihghshs sto Menoikio. Apo edw mporoyn na jekinhsoyn diadromes gia pezoporoys, tetrakinhta kai ditroxa pros to oropedio Kallipolhs(gnwsto gia ta kopadia agriwn alogwn) kai tis koryfes toy boynoy.


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