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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-08-18

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] ``Adikaiologhtes'' oi opoies ayjhseis sta aleyra
  • [02] Systaseis se goneis & paidia gia th swsth xrhsh toy diadiktyoy
  • [03] Aparaithta gia thn anaptyjh

    [01] ``Adikaiologhtes'' oi opoies ayjhseis sta aleyra

    ``Adikaiologhtes'' xarakthrizei tis opoies ayjhseis twn aleyrwn, o proedros toy Swmateioy Artopoiwn Qessalonikhs ``O Profhths Hlias'' kai antiproedros ths Omospondias Artopoiwn Elladas, Neofytos Papadopoylos.

    Milwntas sto APE-MPE, o k. Papadopoylos anefere oti ``oi ayjhseis twn aleyrwn, ayth th stigmh, den einai dikaiologhmenes. Enw exoyn agorasei to sitari apo ton Ellhna agroth apo 8 ews 12 lepta, brhkan ws eykairia to empargko ths Rwsias, poy ektinaje thn pagkosmia agora sta ych, gia na dikaiologhsoyn ayjhseis sthn timh twn aleyrwn''.

    O proedros toy Swmateioy Artopoiwn Qessalonikhs prosqese oti ``enw h ellhnikh paragwgh malakoy sitarioy einai eparkestath mexri ton Ianoyario - Febroyario toy 2011, merikoi piezoyn na kanoyn ayjhseis sta aleyra ews kai 20%''.

    ``Emeis kataggelloyme aytes tis praktikes twn aleyrobiomhxaniwn kai zhtame apo thn Politeia na parei qesh'', eipe o k. Papadopoylos kai katelhje legontas: ``Eimaste kaqeta antiqetoi se opoiadhpote ayjhsh kai se aytes tis praktikes, ayth th xronikh stigmh''.

    "Sxedon mhdenikh " epiptwsh sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh

    To empargko stis ejagwges sithrwn, to opoio eteqh se isxy apo thn Kyriakh sth Rwsia, qa exei "sxedon mhdenikh " epiptwsh sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, diabebaiwse ekproswpos ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs.

    "H Eyrwpaikh Enwsh eisagei ligotero apo ena ekatommyrio tonnoys sithrwn apo th Rwsia. H eswterikh paragwgh sithrwn ths Enwshs anerxetai se 280 ews 300 ekatommyria tonnoys ethsiws. H sygkrish twn ariqmwn aytwn deixnei oti oi epiptwseis qa einai elaxistes, sxedon anyparktes, se o,ti afora thn eyrwpaikh agora sithrwn", dhlwse o Frenterik Bensen kata th diarkeia synenteyjhs Typoy.

    Ejalloy o idios epeshmane oti h EE diaqetei "megala apoqemata sithrwn". "Den yparxei kamia anhsyxia se o,ti afora ta apoqemata sithrwn sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh", epemeine.

    To empargko stis ejagwges sithrwn apofasisqhke apo ton prwqypoyrgo ths Rwsias Blantimir Poytin, kaqws h Rwsia prospaqei na periorisei thn ayjhsh ths timhs poy proklhqhke apo thn katastrofh ths sygkomidhs ejaitias toy kayswna.

    To ektakto ayto metro qa efarmosqei apo tis 15 Aygoystoy ews tis 31 Dekembrioy kai yparxei to endexomeno na epektaqei kai peran ayths ths hmeromhnias, analoga me ta apotelesmata ths sygkomidhs.

    H Rwsia, trith ejagwgikh dynamh sithrwn pagkosmiws, exei problecei meiwsh sta 60-65 ekatommyria tonnwn ths sygkomidhs twn sithrwn gia to 2010, enanti 97 ekatommyriwn tonnwn to 2009.

    To 2009, h xwra eixe ejagagei 21,4 ekatommyria tonnoys sithrwn.

    H anakoinwsh toy empargko prokalese anodo twn timwn twn sithrwn stis dieqneis agores.

    Parapomph twn aleyrobiomhxanwn sthn Epitroph Antagwnismoy

    Me thn parapomph twn aleyrobiomhxanwn sthn Epitroph Antagwnismoy, epeidh me dhlwseis toys systhnoyn enarmonismenes ayjhseis timwn, apanta to ypoyrgeio Oikonomias Antagwnistikothtas kai Naytilias sto anatimhtiko klima poy dhmioyrgeitai sthn agora me aformh tis dieqneis ejelijeis gyrw apo tis dieqneis times twn sithrwn enw tis teleytaies hmeres pragmatopoioyntai syskeceis paragontwn apo ta ypoyrgeia Oikonomias alla kai Agrotikhs Anaptyjhs me th symmetoxh toy yfypoyrgoy Oikonomias k. M. Mpolarh kai toy genikoy grammatea Emporioy k. St.Komnhnoy gia na ejetastei to qema kai na apofasistoyn draseis prokeimenoy na apofeyxqoyn fainomena aisxrokerdeias enw hdh dienergoyntai kostologikoi elegxoi sthn agora.

    Symfwna me stoixeia toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomias, sta sklhra sithra (xrhsimopoioyntai gia makaronia kai alla typopoihmena zymarika) den yparxei problhma eparkeias kaqws h egxwria paragwgh kalyptei tis anagkes enw gia ta malaka sithra, me ta opoia ginetai to cwmi kai h egxwria paragwgh kalyptei katw toy 40% twn ethsiwn anagkwn ektimatai oti kai pali ta apoqemata einai eparkh gia to ameso diasthma. Wstoso apo xqes kiolas oi artopoioi elaban timologia me anatimhseis apo toys promhqeytes toys.

    Shmeiwnetai oti hdh o genikos grammateas Emporioy toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomias k. Stefanos Komnhnos synanthqhke me toys syndesmoys aleyrobiomhxanwn enw se dhlwseis toy se dhmosiografoys tonise: ''Den qa epitrecoyme kerdoskopika paixnidia eis baros twn katanalwtwn. Eimaste se epafh me oloys toys foreis ths agoras kai parakoloyqoyme to qema'' enw dhlwnei me emfash oti enarmonismenes praktikes den einai dynaton na ginoyn apodektes giayto kai hdh me to qema asxoleitai kai h Epitroph Antagwnismoy.

    [02] Systaseis se goneis & paidia gia th swsth xrhsh toy diadiktyoy

    Na proseggizoyn ta ejarthmena sto diadiktyo paidia me hremia, xwris epikritikh diaqesh kai n' akoyn me proqymia ta osa toys lene, wste na egkatastaqei ena amfidromos diaylos epikoinwnias, proteinei stoys goneis, poy entopizoyn problhma eqismoy twn paidiwn toys sto diadiktyo, o Kwnstantinos Siwmos, cyxiatros paidiwn ki efhbwn kai proedros ths Ellhnikhs Etaireias Meleths ths Diataraxhs Eqismoy sto Diadiktyo.

    "H diathrhsh enos kaloy epipedoy epikoinwnias sthn oikogeneia einai qemeliwdoys shmasias gia thn prostasia toy eqismenoy paidioy sth xrhsh toy diadiktyoy. Ayto epitygxanetai me ton kaqorismo twn stoxwn apo thn pleyra twn gonewn, thn epilogh ths katallhlhs stigmhs gia syzhthsh, h opoia prepei na einai prin thn plohghsh sto diadiktyo kai oxi kata th diarkeia h sto telos ths", shmeiwnei o k. Siwmos, didaktwr ths Iatrikhs Sxolhs toy Panepisthmioy Qessalias kai ypeyqynos sxediasmoy kai organwshs toy prwtoy sthn Ellada Eidikoy Cyxiatrikoy Iatreioy gia ton eqismo sto Diadiktyo sto Ippokrateio Nosokomeio Qessalonikhs.

    Oi goneis ofeiloyn na xrhsimopoioyn epixeirhmata, na einai proetoimasmenoi gia thn arnhtikh stash toy paidioy kai ean apotyxoyn na skeftoyn neoys tropoys epikoinwnias me ta paidia toys, ypogrammizei o idios.

    "An ginoyn ayta ta bhmata, stis perissoteres periptwseis den diatarassetai h epikoinwnia sthn oikogeneia. Epishs, einai shmantiko oi goneis na exoyn koinh stash sthn antimetwpish toy problhmatos, na deixnoyn sto paidi toys poso noiazontai, na bazoyn logikoys kanones sth xrhsh toy diadiktyoy, h topoqethsh toy ypologisth qa prepei na einai se koino xwro sto spiti gia na elegxetai to eidos ths xrhshs kai telos prepei na enqarrynoyn to paidi na brei enallaktikes drasthriothtes".

    Stis periptwseis, omws, opoy h xrhsh toy diadiktyoy den elegxetai kai oi wres ayjanontai, par' olo poy oi goneis akoloyqhsan tis parapanw odhgies, yparxoyn synepeies sth sxolikh epidosh kai thn organwsh ths kaqhmerinothtas kai oi oikogeneiakes sxeseis ephreazontai arnhtika, einai aparaithto oi goneis na apeyqynqoyn se eidikoys cyxikhs ygeias ejeidikeymenoys ston eqismo sto Diadiktyo, synista o k. Siwmos.

    Ti deixnoyn oi ereynes

    Oi efhboi toy Boloy einai oi pleon "eqismenoi" xrhstes toy diadiktyoy sth Qessalia kai akoloyqoyn aytoi twn Trikalwn, me 8,7%, ths Karditsas me 8,5% kai ths Larisas 5,8%. O de mesos oros toy eqismoy twn Qessalwn efhbwn sto diadiktyo diamorfwnetai sto 8,2%. Ta parapanw stoixeia prokyptoyn apo thn prwth, ellhnikh epidhmiologikh meleth toy plhqysmoy twn efhbwn poy kanoyn yperbolikh xrhsh twn hlektronikwn ypologistwn kai toy diadiktyoy kai pragmatopoihqhke to 2006. Pragmatopoihqhke stis tesseris Qessalikes poleis kai symmeteixan 2200 efhboi hlikias 12 ews 18 etwn

    Ejalloy, sthn Ellada, teleytaies ereynes poy paroysiasthkan sto 1o Panellhnio diepisthmoniko synedrio, ths Ellhnikhs Etaireias meleths ths diataraxhs eqismoy sto diadiktyo, poy pragmatopoihqhke sth Larisa, ton perasmeno Noembrio, apokalyptoyn pws to pososto eqismoy twn efhbwn sthn Kw einai 11.3% kai 15% sth Xio. Ta pososta ayta topoqetoyn th xwra mas, mazi me thn Kina (2,4%-11,3%), thn Taiban (12,8%) kai th N. Korea (1,6%-20,3%) stis xwres me ta ychlotera pososta eqismoy twn efhbwn sto diadiktyo pagkosmiws.

    Sthn Ellada, klinika dedomena apo to Eidiko Cyxiatriko Iatreio Paidiwn ki Efhbwn gia thn antimetwpish toy eqismoy sto Diadiktyo deixnoyn pws to profil toy eqismenoy afora agoria sthn efhbeia, me koryfwsh sta 15-16 eth, me meso oro xrhshs toy hlektronikoy ypologisth kai toy diadiktyoy 6 wres thn hmera, poy paizoyn diadiktyaka paixnidia prosomoiwshs maxhs, strathgikhs kai paixnidia rolwn (MMORPGs), einai apomonwmena polles wres sto dwmatio toys, exoyn xamhles epidoseis kai meiwmena kinhtra gia maqhsh sto periballon toy sxoleioy kai kanoyn polles apoysies logw metamesonyktiwn syndesewn sto internet.

    Ta symptwmata poy promhnyoyn eqismo

    Sto erwthma poia einai ta symptwmata h oi symperifores ekeines poy promhnyoyn eqismo sto diadiktyo, o k. Siwmos shmeiwnei pws oi eqismenoi ejidanikeyoyn to diadiktyo kai niwqoyn oti o kosmos einai plhktikos kai kenos xwris ayto.

    Pernoyn thn perissoterh wra ths hmeras sto internet h skeftontai th stigmh poy qa janaplohghqoyn s' ayto. Otan diakoptetai h syndesh toys qymwnoyn kai ginontai neyrikoi kai eyereqistoi. Xanoyn thn aisqhsh toy pragmatikoy xronoy, me apotelesma na paramenoyn se syndesh perissotero apo o,ti arxika sxediazan.

    Ena epishs shmantiko xarakthristiko- ejhgei o k. Siwmos, einai oti oi eqismenoi den antilambanontai thn olh toys apodiorganwsh kai tis synepeies ths problhmatikhs xrhshs se cyxologiko, koinwniko kai epaggelmatiko epipedo kai synexizoyn thn enasxolhsh ston idio baqmo, mexri kapoios allos, toy stenoy periballontos toys, kinhtopoihqei gia aytoys.

    bŠkai oi epiptwseis

    Symfwna me ton k. Siwmo, oi braxyproqesmes synepeies apo thn alogisth xrhsh toy diadiktyoy gia toys efhboys aforoyn kyriws thn meiwsh toy xronoy poy pernoyn me thn oikogeneia toys, periorizoyn tis agaphmenes toys synhqeies kai tis koinwnikes toys synanastrofes, parameloyn to diabasma, tis sxolikes toys ypoxrewseis, th swmatikh toys ygieinh kai meiwnetai h synolikh diarkeia toy ypnoy kyriws logw twn metamesonyktiwn syndesewn me to diadiktyo.

    Ocimws logw ths kaqistikhs zwhs, ths kakhs stashs toy swmatos ths polywrhs epafhs me thn oqonh yparxei, antistoixa, o kindynos paxysarkias, myoskeletikwn symptwmatwn kai ofqalmikwn paqhsewn.

    Epishs, o eqismos sto diadiktyo, se megalo pososto, mporei na synyparxei kai me cyxikes diataraxes opws agxos, kataqlich h kataxrhsh paranomwn oysiwn.

    [03] Aparaithta gia thn anaptyjh

    Oso shmantiko einai to asbestio sth diatrofh toy paidioy, allo toso shmantika einai ta polyakoresta wmega lipara ojea, dioti mesw aytwn aporrofwntai oi lipodialytes bitamines (A, D, E, K). Wstoso, prosfata ereynhtika dedomena, apo ton elladiko xwro, deixnoyn oti h proslhch twn wmega liparwn einai mikroterh apo tis antistoixes diatrofikes proslhceis, poy synista o Pagkosmios Organismos Ygeias, epishmainei h diaitologos - diatrofologos kai melos ths episthmonikhs omadas ``Diatrofh'', Tina Antwnioy.

    ``Oloi gnwrizoyme pws to gala apotelei thn pleon basikh trofh gia to xtisimo mias ygioys ostikhs mazas. Einai idanikh trofh, oxi mono logw ths ychlhs periektikothtas toy se asbestio, alla kai logw ths kalhs biodiaqesimothtas toy asbestioy. H bash, allwste, mias isorrophmenhs diatrofhs perilambanei thn katanalwsh olwn twn aparaithtwn qreptikwn systatikwn, opws ydatanqrakes, prwteines, liph- elaia, bitamines kai ixnostoixeia. Ta ``wfelima'' h ``kala'' lipara einai ta polyakoresta wmega lipara ojea (w-3, w-6), ta opoia einai aparaithta gia thn anaptyjh toy paidioy, kaqws mesw aytwn aporrofoyntai kai oi lipodialytes bitamines. Ta wmega lipara ojea symballoyn enisxytika sto sxhmatismo twn neyrikwn kyttarwn, sth diathrhsh ygioys dermatos, exoyn eykolh diaperatothta sto nero, synqetoyn kai metaferoyn th xolhsterolh sto aima. Ta wmega-3 lipara ojea h a- linoleiko, yparxoyn sta ixqyelaia, to wmega-6 liparo ojy h linoleiko apantatai sto hliotropio klp., enw to w-9 mono-akoresto liparo ojy apantatai sto elaiolado'', ejhgei, milwntas sto APE-MPE, h k. Antwnioy.

    O Pagkosmios Organismos Ygeias, synista: ayjhsh katanalwshs w-3, w-6 liparwn, meiwsh posothtas koresmenwn liparwn kai antikatastash toys apo ta polyakoresta lipara, kaqws kai meiwsh twn trans- liparwn h kakwn liparwn. Stis arxes Maioy, h Eyrwpaikh Enwsh anagnwrise th shmasia twn aparaithtwn liparwn gia thn omalh anaptyjh twn paidiwn, systhnontas 2 grammaria a- linoleiko(ALA) kai 10 grammaria linoleiko (LA).

    Ayto epitygxanetai:

    1. Me thn katanalwsh elaiwn kai ygieinwn lipwn, opws elaiolado, jhrwn karpwn, opws p.x karydia, amygdala, koykoynari, sporoi apo hliosporo, pasatempo, soysami, kaqws kai liparwn cariwn, opws solomos, skoympri, sardela, toylaxiston 2 fores thn ebdomada.

    2. Me thn afairesh oratoy lipoys (petsas), apo to kreas.

    3. Me thn katanalwsh apaxwn galaktokomikwn proiontwn.

    4. Me thn epilogh fytikwn elaiwn kai antikatastash twn liparwn, zwikhs proeleyshs, opws p.x. antikatastash toy boytyroy me fytikes margarines.

    ``Ereyna poy egine sto ejwteriko, se paidia hlikias 6 ews 12 mhnwn, edeije oti yphrxe sxesh ths ayjhmenhs katanalwshs polyakorestwn liparwn, me th meiwsh twn epipedwn ths olikhs xolhsterolhs toy aimatos twn paidiwn kai ths sygkentrwshs ths LDL - xolhsterolhs sto aima aytwn. Mia allh ereyna, se anaptyssomenes xwres, edeije th sysxetish ths ychlhs sygkentrwshs wmega-3 liparwn ojewn (polyakoresta) se paidia me th beltiwsh ths anaptyjhs, ths braxyproqesmhs mnhmhs kai ths ikanothtas na skeftontai logika. Ejalloy, mia prosfath, megalh dieqnhs meleth, edeije th sysxetish toy Deikth Mazas Swmatos (DMS) sthn paidikh hlikia kai twn kardiaggeiakwn noshmatwn sthn enhlikh zwh. To apotelesma ths meleths ayths deixnei pws h proslhch twn liparwn paizei shmantiko rolo sthn paidikh hlikia, toso sthn omalh anaptyjh oso kai sthn prolhch ths paxysarkias. Diaites, twn opoiwn h proslhch lipoys jeperna to 40% ths synolikhs energeias, prepei na apofeygontai, dioti mporei na mhn ephreazoyn amesa to DMS, mporei omws na ayjanoyn ton lipwdh isto. Synolika, h proslhch lipoys sta paidia den qa prepei na yperbainei to 30-35% twn synolikwn proslambanomenwn qermidwn, dhladh peripoy ta 70-80 grammariwn lipoys hmerhsiws. H meiwsh ths synolikhs proslhchs twn liparwn na proerxetai apo th meiwsh twn koresmenwn liparwn'', prosqetei h k Antwnioy.

    Synepws, sthn kaqhmerinh diatrofh twn paidiwn, eyergetikh einai h antikatastash twn koresmenwn zwikwn liparwn me ``kala'', fytika lipara. Dhladh, h meiwsh ths katanalwshs kokkinoy kreatos, twn galaktokomikwn poy einai plhrh se lipara, kaqws kai toy boytyroy, me parallhlh ayjhsh ths katanalwshs liparwn cariwn (opws p.x tonos, o jifias, o solomos, oi sardeles, to skoympri, h regka, o gayros), jhrwn karpwn kai fytikwn liparwn, opws einai to elaiolado kai oi fytikes margarines.


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