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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-09-06

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Meiwseis ews kai 66,7% sta farmaka
  • [02] Nees dhmoskophseis MRB kai RASS
  • [03] Nea synedriash Grammateias SYRIZA
  • [04] StE: "Oxi" se limena ths "Xalyboyrgias"
  • [05] Aimathrh epiqesh sto Pakistan
  • [06] "Na katadikastei to mnhmonio"
  • [07] Oi Efhboi syzhtoyn sth Boylh
  • [08] Odoiporiko ston Maraqwna
  • [09] Sygkinhsh kai ...entaseis
  • [10] Enanti ...ethsioy foroy

    [01] Meiwseis ews kai 66,7% sta farmaka

    Meiwseis timwn mexri 66,57% se 4.847 farmakeytika proionta, se sygkrish me tis times poy eixan prin thn metabatikh, orizontia meiwsh timwn toy perasmenoy Maioy, perilambanontai sto neo Deltio Timwn Farmakwn, poy tiqetai se isxy apo shmera.

    Oi times 1.370 skeyasmatwn ayjanontai, enw staqeres paramenoyn oi times 613 farmakeytikwn proiontwn.

    Synolika anatimologhqhkan 6.830 kykloforoynta skeyasmata kai elaban times 324 nea. Sto Deltio perilambanontai 7.154 proionta, poy kalyptoyn to megalytero pososto ths eqnikhs katanalwshs.

    Gia ena mikro meros toy synoloy twn farmakwn paroysiasthkan problhmata, ta opoia xrhzoyn peraiterw ereynas kai elegxoy. H diadikasia anatimologhshs se aytes tis periptwseis qa oloklhrwqei me thn ekdosh toy diorqwtikoy deltioy timwn, to opoio qa isxysei apo tis 27/09/2010.

    Ajizei na shmeiwqei, oti gia to 95% twn 300 prwtwn se pwlhseis skeyasmatwn, poy kalyptoyn peripoy 65% ths synolikhs katanalwshs, h anatimologhsh odhghse se meiwseis timwn, poy kata meso oro jepernoyn to 20%.

    Se sxesh me tis shmerines times, opws aytes diamorfwqhkan meta thn orizontia meiwsh, meiwnontai oi times 3.373 skeyasmatwn, ayjanontai oi times 2.658 kai menoyn ametablhtes oi times 799 skeyasmatwn.

    To ypoyrgeio Oikonomias Antagwnistikothtas kai Naytilias apanta se enteka synhqeis erwthseis gia to neo Deltio Timwn Farmakwn kai jekaqarizei oti h epibolh plafon einai symfwnh me to neo qesmiko plaisio timologhshs:

    1. Poia einai ta ofelh apo th nea timologhsh twn farmakwn;

    Me to neo Deltio Timwn, h mesostaqmikh meiwsh twn timwn poy epitygxanetai einai ths tajews toy 20%, enw h synolikh ejoikonomhsh dapanhs gia toys asfalistikoys organismoys qa fqasei ta 1,2 dis. eyrw se ethsia bash. Me ton tropo ayto ekplhrwnontai sto akeraio oi arxikes desmeyseis ths kybernhshs gia mia metarryqmistikh tomh sto xwro toy farmakoy. H Ellada apokta gia prwth fora ena diafanes kai adiablhto systhma diarkoys anaprosarmoghs twn timwn, analoga me thn ejelijh toys stis xwres - melh ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs.

    2. Pws fqasame stis nees times twn farmakwn; Apo poies xwres ths E.E. antlhqhkan stoixeia gia thn anatimologhsh;

    Gia thn ekdosh twn timwn twn farmakeytikwn proiontwn xrhsimopoihqhkan phges kai apo tis 22 xwres - melh ths E.E., stis opoies yparxoyn kai dhmosieyontai epishma stoixeia timwn. Stis xwres aytes symperilambanontai kai fqhnoteres xwres oi opoies oydepote xrhsimopoioyntan sto parelqon, opws h Boylgaria, h Polwnia, h Letonia k.a..

    Gia th diasfalish ths ajiopistias kai ths pistothtas twn dedomenwn, to Parathrhthrio Timwn Farmakwn antlhse stoixeia apo toys epishmoys foreis twn xwrwn aytwn. Ola ta sxetika stoixeia briskontai anarthmena sthn istoselida ths Genikhs Grammateias Emporioy.

    H nea diadikasia kai meqodologia poy akoloyqhqhke erxetai se antidiastolh me to prohgoymeno systhma timologhshs, opoy xrhsimopoioyntan stoixeia mono apo tesseris me pente xwres - melh, poy se arketes periptwseis malista htan oi akriboteres!

    3. Pws diamorfwqhke h nea meqodologia gia thn timologhsh twn farmakeytikwn proiontwn.

    Ystera apo synergasia me thn armodia Genikh Dieyqynsh ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs, me foreis allwn kratwn, alla kai me ejeidikeymenoys episthmones twn oikonomikwn ths Ygeias, diamorfwqhke h meqodologia, poy apokrystallwnei ena apo ta pio diafanh kai antikeimenikotera systhmata pagkosmiws.

    Skopos ths neas meqodologias, einai oi sygkriseis twn farmakeytikwn proiontwn stis xwres - melh ths EE gia thn ekdosh timwn na ginontai me oles tis aparaithtes parametroys poy diasfalizoyn th xamhloterh dynath timh (p.x. sygkrish me farmaka diaforetikhs onomasias, alla idias drastikhs oysias kai periektikothtas, anagwgh apo oles tis syskeyasies sthn pio fqhnh k.a.).

    Oi leptomereies de, poy sxetizontai me thn efarmogh ths, dhmosieythkan gia prwth fora sthn istoselida ths GGE kai ejeidikeyontai apo thn Agoranomikh Diatajh 08/10, einai dhladh diafaneis kai mporoyn na kriqoyn anoikta apo oloys toys polites.

    H nea meqodologia gia thn timologhsh twn farmakeytikwn proiontwn einai aporroia ths prospaqeias gia thn allagh enos kaqestwtos adiafaneias kai merolhptikhs leitoyrgias toy systhmatos timologhshs, h opoia stoixize ethsiws sta asfalistika tameia panw apo 1,2 dis. eyrw to xrono.

    4. H Agoranomikh Diatajh 08/10 einai symfwnh me to yparxon nomiko plaisio (N.3840/10);

    Me thn A.D. 08/10 eisagontai allages kai prosqhkes texnikoy xarakthra, poy kriqhkan ws apolytws anagkaies gia thn plhrh kai xwris ekptwseis efarmogh toy neoy systhmatos timologhshs. Ypenqymizetai, oti me bash tis idies diatajeis exei hdh apostalei sto StE kai sxedio Proedrikoy Diatagmatos.

    Shmeiwnetai oti, xwris tis eidikoteres probleceis gia ton tropo sygkrishs twn syskeyasiwn, ton tropo epiloghs twn farmakeytikwn proiontwn, th diadikasia epiloghs twn isotimiwn k.a., qa elloxeye o kindynos epanalhchs twn sfalmatwn toy parelqontos.

    To YPOIAN, katanowntas th shmasia toy egxeirhmatos, paredwse egkaira se ola ta melh ths Epitrophs Timwn Farmakwn prosxedio ths A.D. gia diaboyleysh kai tyxon allages, kapoies apo tis opoies enswmatwqhkan sto swma ths telikhs diatajhs. Isxyrismoi kai aqemeliwtes aitiaseis, peri mh efarmoghs toy neoy systhmatos timologhshs, ektos toy oti steroyntai epixeirhmatwn, prodidoyn agnoia kai piqanon ypokryptoyn diaqeseis yponomeyshs ths syllogikhs prospaqeias gia drastikh meiwsh twn farmakeytikwn dapanwn.

    5. Gia pio logo me thn AD 08/10 epiblhqhkan anwtata oria stis metaboles timwn twn farmakwn; Kindyneyoyn apo tis nees times ta fqhna, ajiopista farmaka;

    H epibolh toy plafon apotelei anagkaio metabatiko metro gia th diasfalish ths omalhs metabashs stis nees, meiwmenes times, kai qa isxysei mexri kai thn enarjh leitoyrgias ths listas syntagografoymenwn farmakeytikwn proiontwn, alla kai toy neoy systhmatos syntagografhshs.

    Me thn epibolh toy plafon diasfalizoyme oti:

    a) Apofeygetai akraia ayjhsh timwn se farmaka, opoy me bash tis times anaforas apo tis xwres - melh ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs qa epiballontan ayjhseis poly megalyteres apo 10%,

    b) Apofeygetai h ypokatastash fqhnwn kai ajiopistwn farmakeytikwn proiontwn apo antistoixa akribotera (opws exei kat' epanalhch symbei sto parelqon), ychlo kostos gia ta tameia kai toys katanalwtes.

    6. H epibolh plafon einai symfwnh me to neo qesmiko plaisio timologhshs;

    H dynatothta ths epibolhs plafon me thn ekdosh A.D., apotelei proion nomoqetikhs ejoysiodothshs, opws ayth problepetai toso apo tis diatajeis toy Agoranomikoy Kwdika (arqro 1 toy N.136/46), oso epishs kai apo ton N.3845/10 peri efarmoghs toy Mnhmonioy. Basei kai toy teleytaioy, h YPOIAN ejoysiodoteitai, gia thn prostasia twn katanalwtwn kai thn omalh leitoyrgia twn agorwn, na labei ektakta metra gia th sthrijh ths pragmatikhs oikonomias. Synepws oiadhpote syzhthsh anakineitai gia to qema stereitai nomikoy kai oysiastikoy ereismatos.

    7. H diadikasia antistoixhshs twn skeyasmatwn ths eyrwpaikhs me ta antistoixa poy kykloforoyn sthn ellhnikh agora egine me tropo poy na diasfalizei oti odhgei se xamhloteres times;

    Ayto akribws htan o logos gia thn anaptyjh ths neas meqodologias timologhshs: mesa apo tis sygkriseis me tis times stis alles xwres melh ths E.E., na odhghqoyme sthn epilogh ekeinwn, poy qa ejyphretoyn thn prospaqeia megistopoihshs ths meiwshs ths farmakeytikhs dapanhs.

    To skeptiko einai aplo: meta thn aneyresh olwn twn farmakeytikwn proiontwn poy kykloforoyn sthn E.E. (peripoy 240.000), ayta antistoixizontai (basei onomasias, morfhs, periektikothtas) me ta skeyasmata poy kykloforoyn sthn ellhnikh agora. H sygkrish ginetai, afoy epilegei se kaqe periptwsh ekeino to proion poy odhgei sthn xamhloterh timh. H diadikasia ayth, ektos ths antikeimenikothtas kai ths diafaneias, odhgei epishs se poly xamhloteres times se sxesh me to proyparxon systhma.

    8. Apo to kainoyrio systhma timologhshs poioi telika eynooyntai; Mhpws kerdizoyn oi polyeqnikes etaireies kai piezontai adikaiologhta oi ellhnikes;

    Kathgorhmatika oxi! H efarmogh toy neoy systhmatos timologhshs apotelei ton ena apo toys treis pylwnes ths politikhs gia th meiwsh ths farmakeytikhs dapanhs, h opoia exei ws basiko stoxo thn meiwsh ths dhmosias farmakeytikhs dapanhs, me thn ypokatastash ths syntagografhshs akribwn prwtotypwn farmakwn apo antigrafa, ena shmantiko meros twn opoiwn paragetai apo tis ellhnikes farmakobiomhxanies.

    Eidikotera, h yioqethsh toy metabatikoy metroy toy elegxoy ths syntagografhshs kai ths apozhmiwshs fqhnoterwn farmakwn gia tis idies paqhseis apo ta asfalistika tameia, parallhla me thn efarmogh se ligoys mhnes ths listas syntagografoymenwn farmakeytikwn proiontwn me timh anaforas, dinetai h dynatothta ayjhshs toy meridioy twn antigrafwn farmakeytikwn proiontwn, kati poy odhgei se shmantikh sthrijh ths ellhnikhs biomhxanias.

    Allwste, gia th metabatikh periodo mexri thn efarmogh ths listas exei epiblhqei anwtato pososto meiwshs, wste na prosarmosqoyn oi epixeirhseis omala sto neo systhma timologhshs.

    9. Me poia diadikasia ajiologhqhkan to prohgoymeno xroniko diasthma oi parathrhseis - enstaseis twn farmakeytikwn etaireiwn;

    To YPOIAN, exontas diagnwsei thn anagkh prosarmoghs kai beltiwshs toy neoy systhmatos timologhshs, proebh to prohgoymeno diasthma se anakoinwseis twn newn timwn twn farmakwn pros tis idies tis endiaferomenes epixeirhseis, prokeimenoy na ypoblhqoyn tyxon parathrhseis ws pros thn meqodologia anagwghs, tis phges k.o.k., etsi wste na ejetastoyn egkaira, prin thn ekdosh toy epishmoy deltioy timwn.

    Katopin toytoy, meta kai thn ekdosh toy neoy deltioy timwn, to opoio tiqetai se efarmogh apo tis 06/09/2010, dinetai h dynatothta stoys endiaferomenoys na ypoballoyn enstaseis, anaforika me thn timh poy doqhke sto farmakeytiko proion toys. Oi enstaseis aytes qa ejetastoyn kata thn ekdosh toy diorqwtikoy deltioy timwn, katopin kai ths eishghshs ths Epitrophs Timwn Farmakwn. Prokeitai, dhladh, gia mia apolytws diafanh diadikasia antimetwpishs twn enstasewn kai parathrhsewn, me shmantikes asfalistikes diklides gia thn apofygh sfalmatwn.

    10. Gia poio logo den anakoinwqhkan oles oi times twn farmakeytikwn proiontwn mazi;

    Kata th diarkeia ths anatimologhshs, gia ena mikro meros toy synoloy twn farmakwn (peripoy 3-4% toy synolikoy tziroy) paroysiasthkan sygkekrimena problhmata ta opoia xrhzoyn peraiterw ereynas kai elegxoy.

    Gia ta farmaka ayta oi antistoixhseis htan mh ikanopoihtikes, eite giati den eixan doqei apo tis farmakeytikes etaireies oi diaforetikes onomasies poy kykloforoyn sto ejwteriko, eite giati prokeitai gia idiazoyses farmakeytikes morfes. H diadikasia anatimologhshs se aytes tis periptwseis qa oloklhrwqei me thn ekdosh toy diorqwtikoy deltioy timwn, to opoio qa isxysei apo tis 27/09/2010.

    To texniko ayto zhthma den ephreazei to gegonos, oti gia ena synolo 6.830 farmakeytikwn proiontwn, poy antistoixoyn sto 97% ths synolikhs farmakeytikhs dapanhs, oi nees times einai gegonos.

    11. Pote qa ekdoqei to symplhrwmatiko deltio timwn farmakwn;

    Stis 22/09/2010 qa synedriasei ek neoy h Epitroph Timwn gia na gnwmodothsei epi twn enstasewn kai twn timwn twn ypoleipomenwn farmakeytikwn proiontwn. Katopin toytoy, to YPOIAN qa proxwrhsei sthn ekdosh symplhrwmatikoy diorqwtikoy Deltioy Timwn, to opoio qa isxysei apo tis 27/09/2010.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [02] Nees dhmoskophseis MRB kai RASS

    Diafora 7,1% toy PASOK apo th ND emfanizei dhmoskophsh ths etaireias Em-Ar-Mpi (MRB) gia thn efhmerida Rial Nioys (Real News), poy dienerghqhke stis 1-2/9/2010. Sygkekrimena, kai se panelladiko deigma 1.000 atomwn, to 27,1% protiqentai na chfisoyn PASOK (apo 27,2% sthn prohgoymenh dhmoskophsh ths idias etaireias stis arxes Maioy 2010), to 20,0% ND (prohgoymenh metrhsh 18,5%), to 7,5% KKE, to 5,3% LAOS, to 3,0% SYRIZA (apo 4%), to 2,9% O-P, to 7,8% alla kommata, enw h adieykrinisth chfos anerxetai sto 26,4% (apo 30,8%).

    Katallhloteros gia prwqypoyrgos metajy twn kk G. A. Papandreoy kai A. Samara qewreitai o prwtos me 35,1% (prohgoymenh metrhsh 37,1%). O arxhgos ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs lambanei 22,5% (21,5%) enw kaneis apo toys dyo leei to 38,3% (37,9%).

    Ejalloy, h pleiochfia twn erwthqentwn qewrei oti yparxei anagkh anasxhmatismoy kai malista amesa. Sygkekrimena, to 57,2% twn erwthqentwn qewrei oti yparxei anagkh anasxhmatismoy, to 30,9% oti den yparxei anagkh, enw to 11,9% dhlwse ``den jerw/den apantw''. Epishs, to 72,3% qewrei oti o anasxhmatismos prepei na ginei amesa, to 23,7% se baqos xronoy kai to 4,1% apanthse DJ/DA.

    Se antistoixh dhmoskophsh ths etaireias Ras (Rass) gia thn efhmerida Paron, h diafora metajy PASOK kai ND brisketai sto 6,2%, me to PASOK na lambanei 26,4%, h ND 20,2%, to KKE 7,3% o LAOS 4,7%, o SYRIZA 2,9%, oi O-P 2,8%, h Dhmokratikh Aristera 2,0%, alla kommata 2,0%, to akyro/leyko 4,3% enw h adieykrinisth chfos anerxetai se 27,1%. H thlefwnikh dhmoskophsh diejhxqh stis 31/8/2010 se panelladiko deigma 1.503 atomwn.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [03] Nea synedriash Grammateias SYRIZA

    Synedriazei ek neoy shmera h Grammateia toy SYRIZA, gia th lhch apofashs sxetika me thn ypochfiothta toy kommatos sthn Perifereia Attikhs.

    Se polywrh syskech poy egine to Sabbato, o epikefalhs ths AKOA k. Giannhs Mpanias epanelabe thn protash toy na mhn yposthrixqei oyte h ypochfiothta toy k. Alabanoy, oyte toy k. Mhtropoyloy kai na yparjei allh lysh.

    Oi yposthriktes ths ypochfiothtas Alabanoy epanelaban thn yposthrijh ths ypochfiothtas ston prwhn proedro toy SYRIZA, enw h antiproswpeia toy SYN epanefere thn protash gia thn ypochfiothta toy ergatologoy k. A. Mhtropoyloy.

    O Synaspismos exei dhlwsei oti qa yposthrijei mia allh ypochfiothta ypo thn proypoqesh oti shmatodotei anoigma ston kosmo toy PASOK kai qa leitoyrgei enwtika ston SYRIZA. O k. Manwlhs Glezos poy phre meros sthn synedriash anakoinwse oti den protiqetai na qesei ypochfiothta.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [04] StE: "Oxi" se limena ths "Xalyboyrgias"

    To E' Tmhma toy Symboylioy ths Epikrateias me thn yp' ariqm. 2687/2010 apofash toy ekane dekth thn aithsh ths nomarxiakhs aytodioikhshs Dytikhs Attikhs me thn opoia zhtoyse na akyrwqei h apo 25.5.2007 apofash twn ypoyrgwn PEXWDE, Anaptyjhs kai Emporikhs Naytilias kata to skelos poy epetrepe thn kataskeyh kai leitoyrgia limenikhs egkatastashs fortwshs xydhn "scrap" ths Anwnymhs Etaireias "Xalyboyrgia Ellados" ston Aspropyrgo Attikhs (perioxh Loyzitanias).

    To limeniko ergo problepotan na ylopoihqei emprosqen twn egkatastasewn ths en logw Anwnymhs Etaireias. To olo ergo qa ekteleito se dyo stadia. To prwto proeblepe thn kataskeyh problhtas kai limenika erga epi ektashs 2.100 t. m. prokeimenoy na ginetai h ekfortwsh scrap apo ploia xwrhtikothtas mexri 5.000 DWT. To deytero stadio proeblepe thn epektash ths problhtas sto loipo xwro, prokeimenoy na ejyphretei ploia ews 20.000 DWT. Kai stis dyo faseis problepontai ekskafes ston qalassio pyqmena kai topoqethsh texnhtwn ogkoliqwn.

    H nomarxia yposthrize oti kata thn ekfortwsh toy scrap dhmioyrgeitai hxorrypansh apo thn ptwsh toy palaiosidhroy sto edafos, alla kai dhmioyrgoyntai synnefa skonhs poy periexoyn xwma kai kokkoys skoyrias.

    To Symboylio ths Epikrateias akyrwse thn prosballomenh ypoyrgikh apofash kaqws to en logw limeniko ergo den einai symbato pros tis probleceis kai kateyqynseis toy Ryqmistikoy Sxedioy ths Aqhnas kai pros tis ryqmiseis toy Genikoy Poleodomikoy Sxedioy poy anaferontai sthn ejygiansh twn entona ypobaqmismenwn, logw ths yparjhs sthn perioxh idiaitera oxlhrwn drasthriothtwn, aktwn toy Aspropyrgoy.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [05] Aimathrh epiqesh sto Pakistan

    Dekatesseris nekroi einai symfwna me astynomikh phgh o neoteros apologismos ths epiqeshs aytoktonias me pagideymeno aytokinhto enantion astynomikoy tmhmatos sthn polh Laki Maroyat toy boreiodytikoy Pakistan.

    Apo thn ekrhjh gkremisthkan tmhmata toy astynomikoy tmhmatos kai proklhqhkan sobares zhmies se sxoliko lewforeio poy pernoyse dipla sto shmeio ths epiqeshs, se dromo me megalh kykloforia.

    "Dekatesseris anqrwpoi skotwqhkan. Apo aytoys oi oktw einai polites, anamesa toys kai tesseris maqhtries, kai eji astynomikoi", tonise o Xalint Xan, ajiwmatoyxos ths astynomias. "Trianta tesseris traymatisthkan, oi eikosi astynomikoi", prosqese.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [06] "Na katadikastei to mnhmonio"

    Na katadikasoyn me thn chfo toys to mnhmonio zhta apo toys polites o proedros ths ND Antwnhs Samaras.

    Se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida Eqnos ths Kyriakhs o arxhgos ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs ektima oti ean to apotelesma twn aytodioikhtikwn eklogwn einai tetoio poy to PASOK mporei na to paroysiasei ws nikh toy, tote qa lyqoyn ta xeria toy na kanei poly xeirotera.

    Kaloyme ton kosmo na antidrasei politika leei o k. Samaras tonizontas oti to mono poy fobatai to PASOK einai h laikh antidrash kai ayth prepei na niwsei entona stis aytodioikhtikes ekloges.

    O k. Samaras xarakthrizei antisysthmikh thn ypochfiothta Kikilia sthn perifereia Attikhs. H epilogh Kikilia ikanopoiei ena piestiko aithma ths koinwnias gia nea kai afqarta proswpa. ``Egw ekana to xreos moy. Apo edw kai pera to logo exoyn oi polites'' shmeiwnei.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [07] Oi Efhboi syzhtoyn sth Boylh

    Me th synedriash ths Olomeleias oloklhrwnontai shmera oi ergasies ths 15hs Synodoy ths Boylhs twn Efhbwn.

    Kata th xqesinh deyterh mera twn ergasiwn synedriasan oi Epitropes poy antistoixoyn stis Diarkeis Koinoboyleytikes Epitropes ths Boylhs twn Ellhnwn, Eqnikhs Amynas kai Ejwterikwn Ypoqesewn, Oikonomikwn, Paragwghs kai Emporioy kai Dhmosias Dioikhshs, Dhmosias Tajhs kai Dikaiosynhs.

    Kata th synedriash ths Epitrophs Eqnikhs Amynas kai Ejwterikwn Ypoqesewn kyriarxhse to qema ths pagkosmias oikonomikhs krishs kai twn synepeiwn poy exei sth xwra mas. Oi efhboi boyleytes ejefrasan thn apoch oti qa prepei na diathrhqei h politismikh syneidhsh twn kratwn-melwn stoys kolpoys ths E.E. kai anaferqhkan epishs sthn anagkh askhshs mias apotelesmatikhs metanasteytikhs politikhs se olh thn Eyrwph.

    Ta qemata poy kyriarxhsan sth synedriash ths Epitrophs Oikonomikwn, Paragwghs kai Emporioy htan o toyrismos kai h dynatothta peraiterw anaptyjhs toy sth xwra mas. Epishs syzhthqhke to qema ths energeiakhs krishs kai oi synepeies ths sthn Ellada, kaqws kai oi dynatothtes ajiopoihshs twn ploysiwn phgwn energeias poy diaqetei h xwra mas.

    Sthn Epitroph Dhmosias Dioikhshs, Dhmosias Tajhs kai Dikaiosynhs, oi efhboi boyleytes milhsan gia thn elleich ajiokratias se oloys toys tomeis ths Dhmosias Dioikhshs kai tonisan oti prepei na enisxyqei h symmetoxh twn newn sta koina.

    O proedros ths Boylhs Filippos Petsalnikos, poy parakoloyqhse tis ergasies twn triwn Epitropwn, tonise apeyqynomenos stoys efhboys boyleytes, apo thn Ellada, thn Kypro kai thn Omogeneia, oti oi epishmanseis kai oi protaseis toys qa einai xrhsimes toso gia th Boylh oso kai gia thn kybernhsh poy prepei na tis ajiopoihsei.

    Tis synedriaseis twn Epitropwn parakoloyqhsan o prwhn proedros ths Boylhs Apostolos Kaklamanhs, o genikos grammateas ths Boylhs Qanashs Papaiwannoy kai o genikos grammateas toy Idrymatos ths Boylhs gia ton Koinoboyleytismo kai th Dhmokratia, kaqhghths Eyaggelos Xrysos.

    Stis synedriaseis twn Epitropwn ths Boylhs twn Efhbwn prohdreysan oi boyleytes:

    Sthn Epitroph Eqnikhs Amynas kai Ejwterikwn Ypoqesewn o antiproedros ths Boylhs Grhgorhs Niwths kai o boyleyths Qodwrhs Dritsas.

    Sthn Epitroph Oikonomikwn, Paragwghs kai Emporioy oi boyleytes Kwnstantinos Kartalhs kai Giwrgos Kontogiannhs.

    Sthn Epitroph Dhmosias Dioikhshs, Dhmosias Tajhs kai Dikaiosynhs o antiproedros ths Boylhs Byrwn Polydwras kai o boyleyths Odysseas Kwnstantinopoylos.

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    [08] Odoiporiko ston Maraqwna

    Ta monopatia poy qa odhgoyn apo kai pros ta istorika mnhmeia, poy briskontai ston Maraqwna, prokeitai na shmanqoyn me prwtoboylia ths Etaireias Ellhnikoy Politismoy, toy dhmoy Maraqwna kai thn enisxysh toy idrymatos Lebenth. Opws anakoinwqhke prin apo liges hmeres, to topio opoy prin apo 2.500 xronia doqhke h maxh - symbolo ths Anejarthsias, h maxh poy exei empneysei kallitexnes se ola ta mhkh kai ta plath toy kosmoy, anamenetai na apokthsei tis aparaithtes odoys, poy qa shmanqoyn (gia pezoys kai podhlates) me th syndromh toy arxaiologoy k. Petrakoy wste h perioxh na apotelesei ek neoy, xwro episkecimo apo toyristes 'Ellhnes kai jenoys. Ola ayta anakoinwqhkan me aformh th symplhrwsh 2.500 xronwn apo th diejagwgh ths maxhs kai thn pleiada twn ekdhlwsewn poy diorganwnei o dhmarxos Maraqwna k. D. Tagarhs ews tis 9 Septembrioy.

    Oi xwroi

    H enopoihsh twn mnhmeiwn ths perioxhs, apoteloyse panta ena shmantiko ergo sthn eyryterh perioxh toy Maraqwna. Eprokeito gia to ergo ths anadeijhs twn xwrwn poy symbolizoyn kai prosdiorizoyn ton istoriko Topo toy Maraqwna. Ta Mnhmeia, dhladh, poy emfanizoyn ikano baqmo diathrhshs kai sthn pleiochfia toys paremenan dysnohta, dysprosita, eite akomh kai entelws agnwsta ston episkepth ths perioxhs. O Tymbos twn Maraqwnomaxwn, to Tropaio sth qesh Panagia Mesosporitissa, o Klasikos Tymbos Plataiwn kai oi proistorikoi Tymboi sto Brana, o Mykhnaikos tafos ston Arno, to Prwtoelladiko nekrotafeio sto Tsepi, to Neoliqiko Sphlaio Panos, to Pyqion kai o Mesaiwnikos Pyrgos sthn Oinoh, to Aigyptiako Iero kai Balaneio toy Hrwdh toy Attikoy sth Mprejiza, h Pylh agrokthmatos Hrwdh Attikoy kai to arxaiologiko moyseio, synqetoyn to mwsaiko enos dyskoloy kai apaithtikoy ergoy poy proypeqete thn epiblech diepisthmonikhs epitrophs gia na pragmatopoihqei.

    H ylopoihsh toy programmatos jekinhse stis arxes toy 2002 me xrhmatodothsh apo eqnikoys poroys kai to xronodiagramma toy syndeqhke me thn telesh twn Olympiakwn Agwnwn. H Episthmonikh Epitroph eqese ws proteraiothta kai oloklhrwse ta erga anadeijhs ston Tymbo Maraqwnomaxwn, thn kataskeyh newn stegastrwn sto Brana kai sto Tsepi, thn anakthsh toy Tropaioy, thn anaplash toy arxaiologikoy moyseioy kai thn anadeijh toy xwroy kai ths synexizomenhs ereynas sth Mprejiza.

    Programmata genikhs anadeijhs

    Oi epembaseis stoys xwroys eyqynhs toy ergoy Maraqwna, xarakthrizontai apo polymorfia, poy prosdiorise kai to baqmo dyskolias toy programmatos. Eidikotera perilambanontai: ekponhseis meletwn (gia thn anadeijh twn xwrwn, gia to sxedio Poleodomikhs diatajhs kai organwshs, gewlogikes k.a), apallotriwseis (ston Tymbo, sto Tsepi, sto Tropaio kai ston Arno), anaskafes kai synthrhsh (sto Iero Aigyptiwn Qewn), anakthsh mnhmeioy (Tropaio), synolikh diamorfwsh periballontos xwroy mnhmeiwn (ston Tymbo kai sto Tropaio), kataskeyes megalwn kleistwn stegastrwn (sto Brana kai sto Tsepi), anaplash aiqoyswn sto arxaiologiko moyseio, fyteyseis kai telos topoqethsh plhroforiakoy ylikoy (pinakides stoys xwroys kai maketa ston Tymbo).

    Shmera, oi xwroi prosferoyn thn dynatothta anagnwshs twn mnhmeiwn kai oikeiwshs toy episkepth me ayta.

    Epembaseis synthrhshs

    Sto plaisio toy G' K.P.S. xrhmatodothqhkan ergasies synthrhshs kai sterewshs gia to Iero twn Aigyptiwn Qewn, sth qesh Mikro Elos-Mprejiza. O baqmos diathrhshs twn koniamatwn kaqws kai h geitniash ths qeshs me to qalassio periballon, epebalan sth deyterh fash toy programmatos twn ergwn Maraqwna na lhfqei eidikh merimna. Oi ergasies perilambanoyn sterewseis ths marmarinhs ependyshs stis baqmides kai sth marmarinh epistrwsh twn pompikwn odwn, synthrhsh kai apokatastash twn koniamatwn me xrwma poy eite swzontai stoys toixoys twn pylwnwn eite briskontai pesmena sto diadromo toy Ieroy, kaqws kai armologhmata twn toixwn.

    Stegastra, neoi moyseiakoi xwroi, ekqeseis

    Sto plaisio toy ergoy Maraqwna, kataskeyasqhkan dyo nea kleista stegastra stis qeseis Brana kai Tsepi, synolikhs kalychs peripoy 4,3 stremmatwn. H anadeijh twn nekrotafeiwn poy prostateyoyn ta stegastra apoteloyse prwtarxiko stoxo gia thn Episthmonikh Epitroph, kaqws ta eidh twn tafwn kai h ektash twn nekrotafeiwn, fwtizoyn ton politismo poy anaptyxqhke sthn perioxh kata toys proistorikoys xronoys. Oi xwroi, apokalyptontai ston episkepth mesa apo diadromes, poy epitrepoyn thn parathrhsh kai thn anagnwsh toys.

    H anagnwsh ths arxaiothtas synexizetai sto arxaiologiko moyseio, poy anadiamorfwqhke rizika. Oi ergasies ayjhsan ton ekqesiako xwro kai apedwsan mia aiqoysa afierwmenh sth maxh toy Maraqwna kai mia aiqoysa poy filojenei eyrhmata apo to Iero twn Aigyptiwn Qewn. H ekqesh employtisqhke me nea eyrhmata apo tis anaskafes twn teleytaiwn etwn sthn eyryterh perioxh toy Maraqwna kai plhroforiako yliko, enw dhmioyrghqhkan nees egkatastaseis kai nees ypodomes ejyphrethshs koinoy.

    Episthmonika ofelh kai prowqhsh ths gnwshs epi twn mnhmeiwn

    H synexizomenh ereyna kai h anadeijh ths sto xwro toy Ieroy twn Aigyptiwn Qewn, sth qesh Mikro Elos-Mprejiza Maraqwna apo to 2002 kai ejhs, prowqhsan shmantika th gnwsh gia to mnhmeiako sygkrothma. H apokalych twn xwrwn toy Ieroy kai twn ktismatwn poy anaptyssontai sthn anatolikh pleyra toy, prosdiorisan se megalytero baqmo th morfh toy kai anetrecan thn palaioterh gnwsh. Taytoxrona, h apokalych tmhmatos elleicoeidoys oikodomhmatos ejwterika toy perifragmenoy xwroy, poy synexizei kai eswterika ths perifrajhs, se syndyasmo me to parakeimeno Balaneio, proseqesan nea stoixeia gia to megeqos kai th spoydaiothta synolika toy sygkrothmatos, poy idryqhke edw ton 2o m.X. ai. apo ton Hrwdh Attiko.

    Paragwgh texnognwsias ston tomea synthrhsh

    H paragwgh texnognwsias ston tomea ths synthrhshs, apotelei anamenomeno apotelesma apo thn ylopoihsh toy ergoy G' K.P.S. sto Iero twn Aigyptiwn Qewn, sth qesh Mikro Elos- Mprejiza. H synthrhsh marmaroqethmatwn kai koniamatwn, apotelei basiko stoixeio ths epembashs sto xwro.

    Oi analyseis twn koniamatwn poy exoyn pragmatopoihqei se syndyasmo me tis meqodoys kai tis texnikes synthrhshs, poy qa efarmosqoyn apo ejeidikeymena synergeia kata th diarkeia toy ergoy, anamenetai na prosqesoyn shmantikh gnwsh ston tomea ths synthrhshs gia tis eidikes synqhkes, poy epikratoyn sto xwro. Taytoxrona, h apokthsh empeirias qa epitrecei na ylopoihqoyn epembaseis synthrhshs apo to monimo synergeio kai sto parakeimeno Rwmaiko Balaneio, to opoio xrhzei analoghs prostasias.

    Mia bolta...

    Opoios episkefqei ton Maraqwna qa dei ton Tymbo toy Maraqwna, ena arxaiologiko mnhmeio poy ktisthke pros timh twn Aqhnaiwn poy exasan th zwh toys sto 490 p.X. sthn perifhmh maxh toy Maraqwna. Tote poy skotwqhkan 6.000 Perses kai 192 Aqhnaioi. Qa episkefqei ton arxaiologiko xwro toy Ramoynta, th limnh toy Maraqwna kai to fragma poy brisketai se mia kataprasinh perioxh.

    H episkech sthn eyryterh perioxh toy Maraqwna apotelei ena antiproswpeytiko odoiporiko sto xqes kai to shmera ths Attikhs, kaqws qa dei istorika mnhmeia kai fysikes kallones poy xarakthrizoyn thn makraiwnh istoria ths eyryterhs perioxhs ths prwteyoysas.

    O Maraqwnas brisketai sthn boreioanatolikh Attikh, se apostash 42 xm. apo thn Aqhna. O dromos perna mesa apo peribolia, ampelwnes, elaiwnes, boynoplagies. H bolta sth texnhth limnh toy Maraqwna -poy kataskeyasthke sth symbolh twn xeimarrwn Xaradroy kai Barnaba- exei th dikh ths gohteia. Ta erga pragmatopoihqhkan me ajioshmeiwth taxythta kai epityxia (ylopoihqhkan to xroniko diasthma 1925 - 1929). Idiaitera entypwsiako einai to fragma toy Maraqwna, to opoio diakrinetai gia thn texnikh toy artiothta kai th jexwristh toy gohteia kaqws einai ependedymeno me Penteliko marmaro poy toy prosdidei monadikothta se pagkosmio epipedo.

    Kata thn paramonh sto Maraqwna ajizei na episkeftei kaneis ton arxaiologiko xwro toy Ramnoynta, poy brisketai se apostash ligwn xiliometrwn. Symfwna me ta arxaiologika eyrhmata h perioxh katoikhqhke apo toys neoliqikoys xronoys. H onomasia ths proerxetai apo th lejh ramnos, poy einai to onoma mias poikilias qamnwn oi opoioi kalyptoyn olh thn perioxh. Stoys arxaioys xronoys o Ramnoys htan gnwstos gia to limani kai to kastro toy. Ston arxaiologiko xwro qa dei ta ereipia dyo nawn: toy Megaloy naoy poy htan afierwmenos sth Nemesh, th qea ths Qeias Dikhs kai htan to shmantikotero iero ths sygkekrimenhs qeothtas se olh thn arxaia Ellada kai toy mikroy naoy poy htan afierwmenos sth Qetida th qea ths Dikaiosynhs. Kai oi dyo naoi oikodomhqhkan ton 5o p.X. aiwna. Epishs, o episkepths qa dei ta leicana toy arxaioy qeatroy, toy froyrioy kai arketa tafika. Ektos apo ta ajioqeata to qaymasmo ajizei kai h yperoxh qea pros Eyboiko kolpo alla tis ektaseis ths gyrw perioxhs.

    Epishs, ajizei na episkefqei kaneis to Arxaiologiko moyseio toy Maraqwna. Einai ena mikro moyseio poy filojenei shmantika eyrhmata apo geitonikes poleis kai proerxontai apo diafores istorikes periodoys. Jexwrizoyn ta eyrhmata ths neoliqikhs epoxhs poy breqhkan sto sphlaio toy Panos sthn Oinoh, oi epitymbies sthles kai oi anaqhmatikes epigrafes twn ierwn toy Maraqwna.

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    [09] Sygkinhsh kai ...entaseis

    Oi 33 metallwryxoi sth Xilh poy briskontai edw kai ena mhna pagideymenoi se baqos 700 metrwn eixan synomilia, mesw binteo, me toys syggeneis toys.

    Kaqe metallwryxos eixe sth diaqesh toy ena lepto gia na synomilhsei me treis dikoys toy anqrwpoys, gegonos poy toys ekane na aisqanqoyn kalytera sth diarkeia ths dokimasias toys, h opoia anamenetai na diarkesei ws ton Dekembrio.

    "Htan synarpastiko. Pragmatika hqela na aplwsw to xeri moy kai na ton piasw", dhlwse h Antonia Gkontoi, mhtera enos apo toys ergates.

    Mexri twra oi syggeneis epikoinwnoysan me toys pagideymenoys ergates mono mesw kinhtwn thlefwnwn.

    Sygkinhsh prokalese kai h episkech ston kataylismo Esperansa konta sto oryxeio tessarwn apo toys 16 oyroygoyanoys paiktes ragkmpi poy epezhsan 73 hmeres stis Andeis otan to aeroskafos toys synetribh to 1972.

    O Xose Loyis Insiarte, o Gkoystabo Zermpinio, o Pedro Algkorta kai o Ramon Sampela eftasan sto oryxeio gia na prosferoyn thn symparastash toys stoys pagideymenoys, alla kai stis oikogeneies toys.

    "Otan ola qa exoyn teleiwsei kai ta xronia qa exoyn perasei, otan qa einai geroi san kai mas, ta problhmata ayta qa fainontai toso ashmanta se sxesh me th xara ths zwhs", tonise o Sampela.

    ...Kai aprosmenes entaseis

    Erwmenes poy zhtoyn na maqoyn nea, anepiqymhtoi syggeneis poy toys proshlkysan oi apozhmiwseis: h istoria twn 33 metallwryxwn poy einai pagideymenoi se oryxeio sth boreia Xilh efere aprosmenes entaseis sthn epifaneia, oi opoies briskontai wstoso se kalo dromo gia na jeperastoyn, symfwna me melos toy Eryqroy Stayroy ths Xilhs.

    Oi gynaikes pollwn metallwryxwn poy exoyn pagideytei 700 metra katw apo th gh meta to atyxhma ths 5hs Aygoystoy eidan na prokyptoyn antagwnistries, oi opoies paroysiazontai ws oi erwmenes twn syzygwn toys kai zhtoyn na maqoyn nea toys, dhlwse h Marta Flores, melos toy Eryqroy Stayroy ths Xilhs.

    Oi erwmenes "epestrecan hdh sta spitia toys kai exoyn hremhsei. Elpizoyn oti otan (oi metallwryxoi) bgoyn, qa lysoyn ta erwtika toys problhmata", dhlwse sto Galliko Praktoreio.

    "Prospaqoyme na doyn thn pragmatikothta kai na toys ejhghsoyme to ejhs: ws gynaika, an agapaw poly enan andra, qa perimenw na lysei monos toy ta problhmata toy", proseqese.

    H Marta Flores ofeile epishs na antimetwpisei thn afijh jexasmenwn syggenwn, stoys opoioys gennhqhke jafnika h epiqymia na sysfijoyn ek neoy tis sxeseis toys me toys metallwryxoys otan akoysan na ginetai logos gia tis apozhmiwseis poy qa paroyn aytoi otan bgoyn apo to oryxeio.

    "Toys eipame to idio pragma: na epistrecoyn sta spitia toys kai oti oi metallwryxoi jeroyn ti prepei na kanoyn otan bgoyn", eipe.

    Oi 33 metallwryxoi den anamenetai na exoyn bgei apo to oryxeio prin apo ta telh Noembrioy h tis arxes Dekembrioy, symfwna me tis arxes.

    Dianoijh enos deyteroy phgadioy

    Jekinhse h epixeirhsh dianoijhs enos deyteroy phgadioy me ena neo gewtrypano sto oryxeio San Xose ths Xilhs.

    To neo gewtrypano, me thn onomasia T-130 arxise na skabei mia kaqeth stoa, parallhla me aythn, mhkoys 67 metrwn, poy eixe anoijei to "Strata-950" sto plaisio toy 'sxedioy A'.

    Symfwna me ton armodio ypoyrgo, oi metallwryxoi qa mporesoyn na bgoyn apo to oryxeio stis arxes Dekembrioy h "stis arxes Noembrioy an epalhqeytoyn oi aisiodojes probleceis".

    To T-130 qa synexisei to phgadi poy yparxei wste na ftasei se mia stoa thn opoia mporoyn na proseggisoyn oi pagideymenoi ergates. H epixeirhsh ayth anamenetai na diarkesei treis mhnes.

    Opws prokyptei apo eggrafo twn synergeiwn diaswshs, yparxei kai 'sxedio G' to opoio problepei to anoigma mesa se dyo mhnes enos phgadioy mhkoys 597 metrwn mexri mia platforma sthn opoia exoyn th dynatothta na ftasoyn oi 33 antres.

    Gia thn oloklhrwsh toy sxedioy aytoy apaiteitai gewtrypano poy xrhsimopoieitai sthn petrelaiobiomhxania kai ayto gia na egkatastaqei xreiazetai epifaneia mhkoys 100 metrwn kai platoys 80.

    Kai stis treis periptwseis, oi metallwryxoi qa ftasoyn sthn epifaneia mesa se an koyboyklio mhkoys 2 ws 2,5 metra kai diametroy 55 ws 60 ekatosta.

    Symfwna me toys texnikoys yparxoyn kindynoi ejaitias toy ogkoy twn braxwn, alla me dedomena ta tria sxedia "yparxei eylogh bebaiothta gia thn epityxia" ths epixeirhshs.

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    [10] Enanti ...ethsioy foroy

    H germanikh kybernhsh symfwnhse sthn protash gia thn epektash toy xronoy leitoyrgias twn pyrhnikwn staqmwn paragwghs hlektrikhs energeias kata enan meso oro 12 etwn peran ths trexoysas diorias gia thn paysh ths leitoyrgias toys, se syndyasmo me nees oikonomikes desmeyseis apo thn pleyra twn etaireiwn diaxeirishs toys.

    Oi ypoyrgoi Periballontos Normpert Retgken kai Oikonomias Rainer Mproynterle epibebaiwsan thn eidhsh gia thn epiteyjh ayths ths shmantikhs symfwnias se synodo metajy ths kagkelarioy Agkelas Merkel kai twn etairwn ths ston kentrodejio synaspismo ths, sthn opoia meteixan kai arxhgoi koinoboyleytikwn kommatwn.

    H symfwnia, h opoia qa prepei na egkriqei apo to koinoboylio, epeteyxqh epeita apo mhnes entonwn synomiliwn metajy twn politikwn kai twn epikefalhs ths biomhxanias ayths kai anatrepei th nomoqesia prohgoymenhs kybernhshs poy proeblepe to stadiako kleisimo twn pyrhnikwn staqmwn se diasthma 20 etwn.

    Oi protaseis aforoyn se mia diaforetikh metaxeirish twn 17 energwn pyrhnikwn staqmwn ths Germanias, lambanontas ypoch thn palaiothta toys kai tis probleceis gia thn asfaleia. Oi palaioteroi pyrhnikoi staqmoi qa bgoyn ektos diktyoy nwritera.

    H kybernhsh synaspismoy ths Merkel symfwnhse ejalloy sthn epibolh enos ethsioy foroy 2,3 disekatommyriwn eyrw stis rabdoys kaysimoy, alla apofasise na perioristei to metro ayto sta eji xronia, meta thn entonh antidrash twn epikefalhs ths biomhxanias stis protaseis.

    H pyrhnikh biomhxania anamenetai epishs na symbalei sto kostos gia thn anaptyjh ananewsimwn phgwn energeias, me ethsies syndromes poy qa jekinhsoyn apo ta 300 ekatommyria eyrw.

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