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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-09-14

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Kinhtra gia kleisimo ekkremwn ypoqesewn
  • [02] Synedriazei to Eqniko Symboylio Ejwterikhs Politikhs
  • [03] Symfwnia gia nayphghsh 6 fregatwn
  • [04] Problhmata sta dromologia toy OSE
  • [05] Anejarthtos ypochfios o G. Dhmaras
  • [06] "Katastrofiko gia thn agora"
  • [07] Eklogh neoy grammatea toy PASOK
  • [08] Diodia sthn Egnatia
  • [09] To kostos ths qermanshs
  • [10] Prolhch xwris...gyalia
  • [11] Xaqhkan sto potami

    [01] Kinhtra gia kleisimo ekkremwn ypoqesewn

    Sthn peraiwsh twn ekkremwn forologikwn ypoqesewn twn xrhsewn ths dekaetias 2000 ews kai 2009 proxwrei h kybernhsh.

    To metro poy anakoinwse o prwqypoyrgos k. Giwrgos Papandreoy apo th Dieqnh Ekqesh Qessalonikhs anamenetai na oristikopoihqei se o,ti afora ton tropo efarmoghs toy se syskeceis poy anamenetai na ginoyn tis epomenes hmeres sto ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn.

    Symfwna me plhrofories, h ryqmish poy qa parei kai nomoqetikh morfh qa dinei kinhtro stoys eleyqeroys epaggelmaties kai tis epixeirhseis na kleisoyn oles tis ekkremeis forologikes ypoqeseis toys gia th dekaetia kai etsi na kaqarisoyn apo to parelqon.

    H ryqmish, symfwna me plhrofories, qa exei dyo skelh: to prwto qa afora tis ekkremeis forologikes ypoqeseis twn etwn 2000 ews kai 2006. S'aythn qa mporoyn na ypaxqoyn epixeirhseis kai eleyqeroi epaggelmaties poy den eixan entaxqei stis prohgoymenes peraiwseis. To allo skelos qa afora to kleisimo twn ypoqesewn gia ta eth apo 2007 mexri kai to 2009.

    Sth ryqmish den apokleietai na symperilhfqoyn kai ypoqeseis poy ekkremoyn sta forologika dikasthria. Prokeitai gia ypoqeseis epixeirhsewn kai epaggelmatiwn poy ystera apo ton elegxo prosefygan sta forologika dikasthria kai h ekdikash toys den exei oloklhrwqei akomh. Kapoies apo tis ypoqeseis aytes xronologoyntai akoma kai apo ta mesa ths prohgoymenhs dekaetias. Synolika h peraiwsh twn ekkremwn forologikwn ypoqesewn afora ena ekatommyrio eleyqeroys epaggelmaties kai epixeirhseis, enw to Dhmosio prosdoka na eisprajei esoda panw apo 2 dis. eyrw me to metro ths peraiwshs.

    To ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn qa prospaqhsei na kalycei ena megalo meros twn esodwn toy 1 dis. eyrw poy problepei to Mnhmonio apo to metro twn metatajewn proiontwn kai yphresiwn apo to syntelesth FPA 11% sto 23%. Metro to opoio epidiwkei na apofygei h kybernhsh logw megalwn epibarynsewn poy synepagetai gia ton plhqwrismo kai ta noikokyria.

    To enallaktiko senario ths enopoihshs twn forwn sto petrelaio qermanshs kai kinhshs poy meletoyse to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn gia na antikatasthsei to metro twn metatajewn den proxwra pros to paron, opws ekane safes o prwqypoyrgos apo th Qessalonikh kai etsi h kybernhsh sthrizetai sto enallaktiko metro ths peraiwshs.

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    [02] Synedriazei to Eqniko Symboylio Ejwterikhs Politikhs

    Sygkaleitai shmera to Eqniko Symboylio Ejwterikhs Politikhs (ESEP) ypo thn Proedria toy Ypoyrgoy Ejwterikwn, k. Dhmhtrh Droytsa.

    Qemata toy Symboylioy, poy qa pragmatopoihqei sto Ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn, anamenetai na apotelesoyn oi ejelijeis sthn perioxh me emfash sta Dytika Balkania, th Mesh Anatolh, tis sxeseis me thn Toyrkia kai to Kypriako.

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    [03] Symfwnia gia nayphghsh 6 fregatwn

    Symfwnia gia th nayphghsh twn 6 fregatwn (FREMM) toy P.N. ypegracan h gallikh DCNS kai ta Nayphgeia Eleysinas/Newrio.

    Opws anaferetai se sxetikh anakoinwsh, h symfwnia antikaqista to Mnhmonio Katanohshs (MOU), poy eixe ypografei to etos 2006.

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    [04] Problhmata sta dromologia toy OSE

    Me nees kinhtopoihseis apantoyn oi ergazomenoi ston OSE, sta metra poy ejhggeile o ypoyrgos Ypodomwn, Metaforwn kai Diktywn, sto plaisio toy sxedioy nomoy gia thn ejygiansh kai anaptyjh toy ellhnikoy sidhrodromoy, to opoio paroysiasthke sth Qessalonikh kai syntoma anamenetai na parei to dromo pros th boylh.

    Sygkekrimena, h Panellhnio Omospondia Sidhrodromikwn ejhggeile 24wrh apergia apo to mesanyxta, gegonos poy shmainei oti shmer den qa ektelestei kanena dromologio, ektos orismenwn, poy entassontai sta dromologia koinwnikwn anagkwn.

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    [05] Anejarthtos ypochfios o G. Dhmaras

    O anejarthtos boyleyths Giannhs Dhmaras anakoinwse thn ypochfiothta toy gia thn diekdikhsh ths Perifereias Attikhs, ``me apolyto sebasmo kai pisth stis dhmokratikes ajies, poy mas empneoyn kai yphretoyme'', opws anaferei xarakthristika.

    Se grapth anakoinwsh toy tonizei oti ``hrqe h wra poy oloi mazi mporoyme na poyme OXI sto mnhmonio ths ypoteleias, OXI sthn alazoneia ths ejoysias, Oxi stis opoies proswpikes mataiodojies kai kenodojes epidiwjeis''. Kai prosqetei: ``Oloi mazi mporoyme na poyme NAI kai na diatranwsoyme thn apofash mas gia mia poreia entimh, diafanh kai dhmioyrgikh. Einai h wra toy megaloy NAI: eimaste parontes kai etoimoi na agwnistoyme kai na palecoyme gia mia kalyterh Ellada!''.

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    [06] "Katastrofiko gia thn agora"

    "Basikos stoxos ths oikonomikhs politikhs ths kybernhshs einai h patajh ths forodiafyghs kai gia ayto to logo proxwroyme sthn allagh toy nomikoy plaisioy, wste na pacoyn na krybontai oi forodiafeygontes". Ayto tonise o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn k. Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy sthn ekpomph "Proswpo me proswpo" kai sto dhmosiografo Niko Xatzhnikolaoy ston thleoptiko staqmo ALTER.

    Gia tis forologikes ypoqeseis poy briskontai sta dikasthria, o k. Papakwnstantinoy anefere metajy allwn oti "qa proxwrhsoyme sthn allagh toy nomikoy plaisioy kai to sxedio nomoy poy epejergazomaste me to ypoyrgeio Dikaiosynhs exei skopo na prowqoyntai se dikes "ejpres" oi forodiafeygontes, wste na plhrwnontai grhgorotera ta prostima alla kai na yparjei aposymforhsh sta dikasthria".

    Oson afora thn ejiswsh toy petrelaioy qermanshs me ths kinhshs, o k. Papakwnstantinoy tonise oti mia tetoia kinhsh qa xtyphsei th forodiafygh. "Ayth th stigmh, omws, den syzhtame thn ejomoiwsh toy petrelaioy kinhshs me qermanshs, kaqws qa prepei na exoyme prwta etoimo ena swsto mhxanismo, prokeimenoy na mporoyme xorhghsoyme to epidoma qermanshs se osoys to exoyn pragmatika anagkh. Mono tote to metro ths ejomoiwshs qa mporei na efarmostei", prosqese o k. Papakwnstantinoy.

    Gia to zhthma ths metatajhs toy xamhloy syntelesth FPA, o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn anefere oti den qa proxwrhsei h metatajh toy FPA apo to 11% sto ychlo epipedo toy 23%, giati ayto qa htan katastrofiko gia thn agora.

    Epishs, symfwna me ton k. Papakwnstantinoy sto oxtamhno h ysterhsh twn esodwn einai 1,5 dis. eyrw, omws to elleimma exei meiwqei kata 7 dis. eyrw apo thn arxh toy xronoy. Akomh, anefere oti apo to epomeno etos qa apodwsei h oikonomikh politikh ths kybernhshs, poy stoxo exei na meiwqei to elleimma kai gia to logo ayto to oikonomiko epiteleio ths kybernhshs prospaqei na brei ta pio anwdyna metra gia toys polites.

    Periodeia se eyrwpaikes prwteyoyses

    Diadoxika road shows se eyrwpaikes prwteyoyses, arxizei apo shmera h hgesia toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomikwn, se synergasia me ta stelexh ths troikas, se mia prospaqeia af' enos na peisei oti h Ellada ylopoiei tis apaitoymenes metarryqmiseis kai af' eteroy na proselkysei jenes ependyseis.

    Sto plaisio ayto, o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy, synodeyomenos apo stelexh toy ypoyrgeioy kai toy Organismoy Diaxeirishs Dhmosioy Xreoys (ODDHX), kaqws kai toys treis epikefalhs ths troikas, qa breqei shmera sto Londino, thn Tetarth sto Parisi kai thn erxomenh Pempth sth Frankfoyrth. Stis ekei synanthseis me ependytes, o ypoyrgos qa paroysiasei tis ejelijeis sthn ellhnikh oikonomia kai thn poreia ylopoihshs toy mnhmonioy kai qa apeyqynei prosklhsh gia ependyseis se basikoys tomeis, stoys opoioys h kybernhsh proxwra se metarryqmiseis kai apokratikopoihseis.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [07] Eklogh neoy grammatea toy PASOK

    Ypo thn proedria toy prwqypoyrgoy, qa synedriasei, stis 12 to meshmeri, h omada sxediasmoy, sto ypoyrgeio Eswterikwn.

    To apogeyma, qa synelqei to Eqniko Symboylio toy PASOK, prokeimenoy na eklejei neo grammatea toy Kinhmatos.

    Symfwna me plhrofories, gia th qesh toy neoy Grammatea toy Eqnikoy Symboylioy toy PASOK anamenetai na protaqei apo ton prwqypoyrgo kai proedro toy Kinhmatos G. A. Papandreoy, o tews yfypoyrgos Agrotikhs Anaptyjhs Mixalhs Karximakhs.

    H synedriash qa jekinhsei me omilia toy aperxomenoy Grammatea toy PASOK kai toy prwqypoyrgoy.

    Sth synexeia anamenetai na apeyqynqei sto Swma o proteinomenos Grammateas h akoma kai eteros ypochfios, se periptwsh poy kapoio melos toy Eqnikoy Symboylioy qesei ypochfiothta gia th qesh.

    O G. Papandreoy sto Oslo

    "An h Ellada patajei thn forodiafygh den qa exei anagkh newn daneiwn kai qa epitaxynqei h poreia ejodoy ths apo thn krish", ypogrammise o prwqypoyrgos Giwrgos A. Papandreoy sthn diarkeia ths synenteyjhs Typoy poy paraxwrhse mazi me ton prwqypoyrgo ths Norbhgias Giens Stoltenmpergk, ton epikefalhs toy DNT Ntominik Stros Kan, thn prwqypoyrgo ths Liberias Elen Tzonson Sirlif, ton epikefalhs ths Dieqnoys Organwshs Ergasias (ILO), Xoyan Somabia kai thn ypoyrgo Oikonomikwn ths Gallias Kristin Lagkarnt, meta to telos twn ergasiwn ths 13hs Syndiaskechs toy Oslo me qema thn anaptyjh, thn katapolemhsh ths anergias kai thn koinwnikh synoxh.

    Taytoxrona, o prwqypoyrgos anakoinwse oti h ellhnikh kybernhsh qa ekproswphqei apo stelexos ths, sto synedrio poy diorganwnei h organwsh "Dieqnhs Diafaneia" sto Mpergken ths Norbhgias, sto epomeno diasthma, me qema thn forodiafygh dieqnws kai thn yparjh "forologikwn paradeiswn".

    Erwthqeis gia ta kefalaia poy feygoyn apo thn Ellada, o k. Papandreoy, den anaferqhke se sygkekrimeno poso, epishmainontas apo thn allh, oti ayta ta xrhmata anhkoyn sthn koinwnia.

    Epishs, apantwntas se allh erwthsh o prwqypoyrgos eipe oti prepei na doylecoyme mazi me ta syndikata, toso gia tis allages, oso kai gia thn prostasia twn dikaiwmatwn twn ergazomenwn.

    Topoqetoymenos sto idio qema, alla kai me aformh thn enarjh ths synergasias DNT - ILO, o k. Somabia, apo th meria toy eipe oti oi apergies einai "meros ths dhmokratias", kai epikaloymenos thn ypografh ths symfwnias twn koinwnikwn etairwn sthn Ellada, stis arxes toy kalokairioy, eipe oti "o kaqenas dra apo th meria, toy alla fainetai oti yparxei dialogos mesa sto plaisio toy roloy toy kaqenos".

    Se kat' idian syzhthsh poy eixe me toys ellhnes dhmosiografoys, o prwqypoyrgos ektimhse ws idiaitera qetikh thn apofash poy elhfqh sto Oslo gia thn synergasia DNT - ILO, wste na yparjei mia nea proseggish sthn antimetwpish ths anergias, h opoia, opws eipe,"qetei sto epikentro ton anqrwpo kai oxi toys deiktes".

    Ws idiaitera qetikh ektimhsan thn ejelijh ayth kai oi k.k. Stros Kan kai Somabia, nwritera sthn koinh synenteyjh Typoy.

    Se o,ti afora thn antagwnistikothta ths oikonomias kai thn leitoyrgia toy koinwnikoy kratoys, o k. Papandreoy sth syzhthsh toy me toys dhmosiografoys eipe oti to paradeigma twn Skandinabikwn kai genikotera twn boreiwn xwrwn einai xarakthristiko, kaqws syndyazoyn kai ta dyo.

    H antagwnistikothta megalwnei otan o poliths aisqanetai asfalhs, o periqwriopoihmenos poliths den apodidei, h anisothta dhmioyrgei problhmata sthn anaptyjh, enw antiqeta anaptyssontai krath, poy dinoyn stoys polites toys isothta dikaiwmatwn kai eykairiwn, eipe o prwqypoyrgos.

    O G. Papandreoy anaferomenos sthn kat' idian synanthsh poy eixe me ton Norbhgo prwqypoyrgo, shmeiwse oti kaqws h Norbhgia kai h Ellada einai naytikes xwres, yparxoyn megala periqwria synergasias kai dieqnws kai dimerws sta naytiliaka, enw prosqese oti yparxei amoibaio endiaferon gia thn anaptyjh "prasinhs" texnologias.

    Epishs o prwqypoyrgos eipe oti qa yparjei synergasia me thn Norbhgia kai ajiopoihsh ths empeirias ths sthn "swsth antimetwpish twn anergwn", kaqws, opws ektimhse, o OAED me ejairesh merika tmhmata toy einai aparxaiwmenos.

    O k. Papandreoy xarakthrise "chfo empistosynhs" thn agora ellhnikwn omologwn apo ta funds petrelaioy kai syntajewn ths Norbhgias, kaqws, opws eipe, "apofasizoyn me antikeimenika krithria".

    Epishs o prwqypoyrgos proskalese ton Norbhgo omologo toy na episkefqei thn Ellada, enw eixe synanthsh kai me ton Norbhgo ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn, opoy syzhthqhke metajy allwn kai to qema ths Meshs Anatolhs, gia to opoio h Norbhgia ekdhlwne anekaqen to endiaferon ths.

    Shmeiwnetai oti o Norbhgos Ypoyrgos einai o ekproswpos toy Ergatikoy Kommatos Norbhgias sthn epitroph ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys - proedros ths opoias einai o k. Papandreoy - gia to Mesanatoliko.

    O prwqypoyrgos anaferomenos sthn kat'idian synanthsh poy eixe me ton Ntominik Stros Kan eipe oti h apotimhsh ths poreias ths ellhnikhs oikonomias einai poly qetikh, enw h ysterhsh poy paroysiazetai sta esoda, den allazei ton stoxo poy exei teqei gia fetos.

    Epishs, oi dyo andres symfwnhsan sthn anagkaiothta patajhs ths forodiafyghs, alla kai ths dieyrynshs ths forologikhs bashs me koinwnika dikaio tropo.

    Sthn synanthsh poy eixe o k. Papandreoy me ton k. Somabia syzhthqhke to qema ths epixeirhmatikothtas twn newn, opoy qa ajiopoihqei h empeiria toy Dieqnoys Grafeioy Ergasias, enw sto epomeno diasthma qa episkefqei thn edra toy Grafeioy sthn Geneyh h ypoyrgos Ergasias, Loyka Katselh.

    H synergasia Elladas - Ispanias gia thn anaptyjh sthn Eyrwph kai thn katapolemhsh ths anergias, kyriarxhsan sthn synanthsh poy eixe o ellhnas prwqypoyrgos me ton Ispano omologo toy Xose Loyis Qapatero.

  • ** O G. A. Papandreoy eixe thlefwnikh synomilia me ton Toyrko omologo toy Retzep Tagip Erntogan sthn diarkeia ths opoias ton synexarh gia ta apotelesmata toy dhmochfismatos sthn Toyrkia, enw ton proskalese sto synedrio gia thn klimatikh allagh sthn Anatolikh Mesogeio poy qa pragmatopoihqei sthn Aqhna stis 22 Oktwbrioy.

    O prwqypoyrgos oloklhrwse thn episkech toy sto Oslo paraxwrwntas synenteyjh sto norbhgiko thleoptiko diktyo NAK.

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    [08] Diodia sthn Egnatia

    Apo shmera oi odhgoi sthn Egnatia Odo, qa plhrwnoyn ta prwta diodia, afoy opws anakoinwqhke apo thn ``Egnatia Odos A.E'', h leitoyrgia toy staqmoy diodiwn ston Polymylo Kozanhs, arxizei apo tis eji to prwi.

    Symfwna me thn anakoinwsh ths ``Egnatia Odos AE'', to antitimo twn diodiwn einai 2.80 eyrw gia ta elafra oxhmata, 2.00 eyrw gia dikykla kai trikykla, 7.00 eyrw gia ta forthga kai ta lewforeia me 2 h 3 ajones kai 10.00 eyrw gia ta forthga kai alla oxhmata me 4 h perissoteroys ajones.

    Ayjhseis sthn timh twn diodiwn ston aytokinhtodromo Korinqos -Tripolh poy qa isxysoyn apo shmera ta mesanyxta anakoinwse h kataskeyastria Koinoprajia.

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    [09] To kostos ths qermanshs

    Sta 150 eyrw to xrono diamorfwnetai kata meso oro to ofelos gia ta noikokyria, poy exoyn prosbash sto diktyo fysikoy aerioy kai epilegoyn ayto to kaysimo qermanshs, anti gia to petrelaio. Gia mia mesh, de, polykatoikia, poy qermainetai me fysiko aerio to ofelos kymainetai sta 1.200 eyrw to xrono.

    H diafora timhs toy aerioy apo to petrelaio einai 20%, enw se sxesh me to hlektriko reyma to fysiko aerio einai fqhnotero kata 65-70%. Ayto shmainei oti h qermansh xwrwn me klimatistika kostizei akribotera se sxesh, oxi monon me to fysiko aerio, alla kai me to petrelaio qermanshs. Wstoso, xiliades noikokyria (opws prokyptei apo ta stoixeia ths DEH gia thn katanalwsh reymatos toys xeimerinoys mhnes) epilegoyn th lysh toy klimatistikoy afenos gia na apofygoyn to kostos egkatastashs toy fysikoy aerioy, afeteroy epeidh me to klimatistiko qermainetai sygkekrimenos xwros kai oxi olo to spiti, opote h sxetikh dapanh periorizetai.

    Meta th dieykrinish apo ton prwqypoyrgo, G. Papandreoy, sth DEQ, oti h ejiswsh twn eidikwn forwn katanalwshs sta petrelaia kinhshs kai qermanshs den qa proxwrhsei an prohgoymenws den diamorfwqei o mhxanismos katabolhs epidomatos qermanshs sta noikokyria, poy to exoyn anagkh, h diaqesh toy petrelaioy qermanshs anamenetai na jekinhsei ton Oktwbrio me ton mhxanismo, poy isxye kai persi. Dhladh, oi prathrioyxoi qa agorazoyn to petrelaio epibarymeno me ton ychlo syntelesth forologias, poy isxyei gia to petrelaio kinhshs, qa to pwloyn se xamhloterh timh, me to foro poy isxyei gia th qermansh kai qa eisprattoyn th diafora apo to ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn, mesw toy systhmatos ``Hfaistos''. ``Agkaqi'' sthn efarmogh ayths ths diadikasias apoteloyn oi kaqysterhseis sthn ejoflhsh twn epistrofwn pros toys prathrioyxoys, poy parathrhqhkan persi, me apotelesma oi ekproswpoi toy kladoy na apeiloyn akomh kai me diakoph ths diakinhshs petrelaioy qermanshs an den ejoflhqoyn oi ofeiles kai den desmeyqei to ypoyrgeio gia syntomh epistrofh twn forwn.

    Me ta ews stigmhs dedomena gia tis times kai symfwna me thn epejergasia apo thn Etairia Paroxhs Aerioy Attikhs:

    -To petrelaio qermanshs pwleitai pros 69,1 eyrw to litro h, isodynama, 0,06564 eyrw ana kilobatwra.

    -To fysiko aerio pwleitai, antistoixa, pros 0,05251 eyrw ana kilobatwra.

    -To oikiako timologio ths DEH, gia katanalwsh apo 1.600 ws 2.000 kilobatwres einai 0,15213 eyrw ana kilobatwra.

    Me bash ayta ta dedomena kai thn analysh ths Etairias Paroxhs Aerioy Attikhs, prokyptei oti ena diamerisma poy katanalwnei peripoy 1.000 kybika metra fysikoy aerioy to xrono ejoikonomei peri ta 150 eyrw se sxesh me th dapanh, poy qa ekane gia agora petrelaioy qermanshs. Antistoixa gia mia mesh polykatoikia me 8 diamerismata kai katanalwsh 8.000 kybikwn ethsiws h ejoikonomhsh fqanei sta 1.200 eyrw. Gia ta noikokyria, poy xrhsimopoioyn fysiko aerio gia mageirema kai qermansh neroy (qermosifwnas), anti gia hlektriko, to ofelos kymainetai se 230 eyrw to xrono.

    To erwthma poy den exei akomh apanthqei gia th fetinh xeimerinh periodo einai, sthn periptwsh poy h kybernhsh proxwrhsei se ejiswsh twn forwn sta petrelaia kinhshs kai qermanshs, pws qa diamorfwqoyn oi times toy fysikoy aerioy. An dhladh qa ayjhqei h timh toy (endexomenws me thn epibolh foroy katanalwshs), wste na diathrhsei thn apostash toy 20 % apo to petrelaio qermanshs. Se aythn thn periptwsh, prokyptei apo tis kybernhtikes anakoinwseis oti dikaioyxoi toy epidomatos qermanshs qa einai kai oi katanalwtes fysikoy aerioy. Gia ta timologia toy hlektrikoy h kybernhsh exei dhlwsei oti efetos den qa ginoyn ayjhseis, wstoso apo to 2011 kai thn epomenh dietia anamenetai stadiakh prosarmogh prokeimenoy, symfwna me thn Koinotikh nomoqesia kai to epikairopoihmeno ``mnhmonio'', oi times pwlhshs ths hlektrikhs energeias na antanakloyn to kostos.

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    [10] Prolhch xwris...gyalia

    Dyo gonidia poy prokaloyn mywpia, anakalyfqhkan gia prwth fora apo dyo anejarthtes episthmonikes omades, anoigontas to dromo gia th dhmioyrgia farmakwn, ta opoia sto mellon mporei na steiloyn ta gyalia stob¦xronontoylapo ths istorias.

    Mesa sthn epomenh dekaetia, symfwna me bretanoys ereynhtes, qa mporoyse na anaptyxqei kai na xrhsimopoihqei eyrews ena farmako (se morfh stagonwn h xapiwn) poy qa empodizei thn emfanish h thn ejelijh ths mywpias, apallassontas ekatommyria anqrwpoys se olo ton kosmo apo thn talaipwria twn fakwn epafhs, twn gyaliwn kai twn diorqwtikwn epembasewn me leizer.

    Enallaktika, qa htan dynato na yparjei kapoia gonidiakh qerapeia, me thn eisagwgh ``ygiwn'' gonidiwn sto mati, ta opoia qa apotrepoyn thn mywpia sto mellon. H apokatastash omws twn matiwn enhlikwn atomwn me proxwrhmenh mywpia qewreitai poly pio dyskolh, eite me farmaka, eite me genetikh qerapeia.

    H anakalych toy enos gonidioy egine apo dieqnh ereynhtikh omada, ypo ton dra Piro Xizi kai ton Kris Xamont toy tmhmatos genetikhs epidhmiologias toy Kingbs College toy Londinoy, kai dhmosieythke sto periodiko genetikhs "Nature Genetics", symfwna me tis bretanikes ``Gkarntian'' kai ``Nteili Meil''.

    H mywpia (h dyskolia estiashs se makrina antikeimena) einai h pio koinh ofqalmologikh diataraxh ston kosmo, parola ayta elaxista pragmata einai mexri stigmhs gnwsta gia to gonidiako ypobaqro ths, an kai to 80% twn periptwsewn me th xeiroterh mywpia ektimatai oti ofeilontai se genetikoys paragontes. H mywpia arxizei synhqws sthn paidikh hlikia kai se merikes periptwseis paroysiazei taxeia epideinwsh.

    Oi episthmones gnwrizan edw kai kairo oti h mywpia eixe kai genetikh aitia, kaqws o shmantikoteros paragwn kindynoy gia thn emfanish ths se ena paidi einai an exei mywpia enas goneas. Oi ereynhtes anelysan kai synekrinan to DNA anw twn 4.000 bretanwn didymwn, kaqws kai allwn 13.000 bretanwn, ollandwn kai aystralwn.

    To gonidio poy entopisthke (me thn onomasia RASGRF1) qewreitai oti paizei kaqoristiko rolo sthn anaptyjh toy matioy meta th gennhsh, kaqws kai sthn metafora twn optikwn ereqismatwn gia epejergasia ston egkefalo. Otan to gonidio dysleitoyrgei, o bolbos toy matioy mporei na anaptyxqei yperbolika, kanontas ta makrina antikeimena na fainontai qola.

    Oi anqrwpoi poy exoyn poly megalh mywpia (pososto 2 - 3%), symfwna me toys giatroys, antimetwpizoyn ayjhmeno kindyno apwleias ths orashs toys, kaqws kapoia stigmh o amfiblhstroeidhs fakos mporei na jekollhsei teleiws apo to pisw meros toy matioy toys h mporei na proklhqei prowro glaykwma. An kai orismenoi periballontikoi paragontes paizoyn rolo (opws h elleich ypaiqrias drasthriothtas kai h qea toy orizonta h h synexhs enasxolhsh me kontina antikeimena, opws h anagnwsh biblioy h h xrhsh oqonhs ypologisth), oi giatroi den exoyn akoma katanohsei thn aitia kai ton mhxanismo ejelijhs ths mywpias, me synepeia h iatrikh na adynatei mexri stigmhs na stamathsei th diaxronikh epideinwsh ths.

    Mia deyterh ollandikh episthmonikh ereyna, ypo thn Karolin Klaber toy Iatrikoy Kentroy toy panepisthmioy ``Erasmos'' sto Roterntam, apokalyce dyo akoma gonidia poy sxetizontai me thn mywpia, enw einai poly piqano na yparxoyn kai polla alla poy menei na anakalyfqoyn. Gib ayto, allwste, mia mellontikh gonidiakh qerapeia ths mywpias qa htan poly dyskolh, epeidh isws qa eprepe na antimetwpisei parallhla polla ``lanqasmena'' gonidia. Kai ta dyo ``gonidia ths mywpias'' poy breqhkan, briskontai sto xrwmoswma 15.

    Links: Gia tis prwtotypes episthmonikes ergasies (me syndromh) stis dieyqynseis: http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/vaop/ncurrent/abs/ng.664.html

    Kai http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/vaop/ncurrent/abs/ng.663.html

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    [11] Xaqhkan sto potami

    Deka adelfakia exasan th zwh toys otan h carobarka sthn opoia epebainan byqisthke ston potamo Sao Fransisko enw ta swstika synergeia anazhtoyn akomh allo ena paidi poy den exei entopistei.

    Ta ennea apo ta paidia htan hlikias apo 1 ews 11 etwn kai to dekato htan 16. Ola toys anhkan sthn idia polymelh oikogeneia poy ariqmei synolika 18 melh kai eixan epibibastei sthn carobarka poy eixe xwrhtikothta mono 6 atomwn. Symfwna me thn astynomia ths Brazilias to agnooymeno paidi einai ena 10xrono koritsi.

    H oikogeneia kateyqynotan sysswmh sthn eparxia Mpaia ths Brazilias gia na episkefqei syggeneis ths otan shmeiwqhke to dystyxhma, sthn perioxh konta sto Pilao Arkanto. Eji enhlikoi kai ena paidi kataferan na kolymphsoyn mexri thn jhra.

    Oi arxes pisteyoyn oti o isxyros anemos mporei na synebale sthn anatroph ths barkas. Yparxoyn epishs skeceis na kathgorhqoyn gia ameleia oi dyo carades poy odhgoysan th barka. "Tetoies barkes tis xrhsimopoioyn mono oi carades. Den ginetai na metafereis oloklhrh oikogeneia. Oi piqanothtes epityxias toy tajidioy htan mhdenikes", feretai na dhlwse enas ajiwmatikos ths topikhs astynomias.

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