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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-09-27

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Sto ypoyrgiko to n/s gia thn peraiwsh
  • [02] "H kybernhsh qa labei kai alla antilaika metra"
  • [03] Dikastikh ereyna gia to kyklwma poy lymainotan akinhta
  • [04] Krisimh synanthsh
  • [05] Rizikes allages sthn Paideia
  • [06] Me texnologia ths arxaiothtas
  • [07] Diplwmatikh krish

    [01] Sto ypoyrgiko to n/s gia thn peraiwsh

    To nomosxedio gia thn peraiwsh, to opoio eisagetai amesa sth Boylh gia na chfistei thn Pempth me th diadikasia toy katepeigontos, anamenetai na egkriqei apo to ypoyrgiko symboylio, poy synedriazei ypo thn proedria toy prwqypoyrgoy Giwrgoy Papandreoy.

    O ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn, afhse anoixto to endexomeno na yparjoyn tropopoihseis pros thn kateyqynsh poy zhthsan oi paragwgikoi foreis kata th sxetikh diaboyleysh (periorismos prokatabolhs, ayjhsh dosewn klp.), opws epishs kai na entaxqoyn sthn diadikasia, osoi exoyn kanei aytoperaiwsh ta eth 2008 kai 2009.

    H peraiwsh den prepei na entassetai sth ``metrologia'', alla entassetai se ena genikotero plaisio twn megalwn allagwn kai bazei terma sthn anejelegkth katastash, poy yphrxe sthn eisprajh twn forologikwn esodwn kai thn atimwrhsia, dhlwse o kybernhtikos ekproswpos Giwrgos Petalwths.

    Epishs, anamenetai na syzhthqoyn dyo nomosxedia toy ypoyrgeioy Dikaiosynhs poy qa symballoyn sthn aposymforhsh twn dikasthriwn kai thn epitaxynsh ths aponomhs ths dikaiosynhs.

    Prokeitai gia to sxedio nomoy gia thn epitaxynsh sthn aponomh ths poinikhs dikaiosynhs kai to sxedio nomoy gia thn epitaxynsh ths dioikhtikhs dikhs.

    Antidraseis ths antipoliteyshs gia thn peraiwsh

    To metro ths peraiwshs prosbalei banaysa ton polith ekeinon, poy einai synephs stis forologikes toy ypoxrewseis, dhlwse o ekproswpos ths ND Panos Panagiwtopoylos kai shmeiwse oti to komma ths ajiwmatikhs antipoliteyshs qa to chfisei sth Boylh, efoson den epiblhqoyn nea eispraktika metra, afoy "oyte to noikokyrio, oyte h mikromesaia epixeirhsh mporoyn na dexqoyn nees forologikes epibarynseis, briskontai se apognwsh kai apelpisia".

    O P. Panagiwtopoylos prosqese pws h ND zhta apo thn kybernhsh na diapragmateytei me thn troika kai na petyxei isoposh me ta posa poy qa eisprajei apo thn peraiwsh, meiwsh twn forologikwn barwn, poy "einai etoimh na epiballei thn kainoyrgia xronia". "Zhtame apo thn kybernhsh na mhn epibalei ta nea eispraktika metra, me ayjhsh twn newn antikeimenikwn ajiwn, me metatajh proiontwn apo FPA 11% sto 23% kai me thn epibolh neas ektakths eisforas stis epixeirhseis", symplhrwse.

    Sthn oiktrh oikonomikh katastash poy perihlqe h xwra ejaitias twn laqwn kai paraleicewn twn kybernhsewn ths ND kai toy PASOK, prepei na lhfqoyn sobara metra yper twn emporwn kai genikotera twn epixeirhmatiwn, dhlwse o proedros toy LAOS Giwrgos Karatzaferhs, anaferomenos sthn peraiwsh kai prosqese: H sygkekrimena protash kineitai pros th swsth kateyqynsh, plhn, omws, prepei na yparjei dikaiwsh olwn osoi htan synepeis kai forologika enhmeroi ola ayta ta xronia. Gia paradeigma, anefere o k.Karatzaferhs, na yparjei mia ekptwsh 15% stoys foroys gia ta epomena xronia.

    "Omologia apotyxias sygkrothshs ajiopistoy foroelegktikoy mhxanismoy, epibrabeysh twn megaloforofygadwn, empaigmo kai nea epibarynsh gia osoys einai forologika synepeis" xarakthrizei thn prowqoymenh peraiwsh o SYN kai kanei logo gia "apotyxia ths kybernhtikhs politikhs toy mnhmonioy poy byqizei thn oikonomia sthn yfesh kai exei odhghsei se plhrh ektroxiasmo ta dhmosia esoda".

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [02] "H kybernhsh qa labei kai alla antilaika metra"

    H kybernhsh toy PASOK exei parei ta xeirotera metra poy exoyme gnwrisei pote kai qa exoyn makroproqesmes synepeies sto lao kai th xwra tonise se shmerinh synenteyjh typoy h gg ths KE toy KKE A. Paparhga anaferomenh kai sta apotelesmata toy tajidioy toy prwqypoyrgoy G. Papandreoy stis HPA kai stis ejaggelies gia thn Paideia stoys Delfoys.

    H ka Paparhga ektimhse oti qa lhfqoyn kai alla metra, pera apo to mnhmonio, kai prosqese oti h kybernhsh qa epidiwjei na enteinei th xeiragwghsh toy laoy kai qa qesei ekbiastika dilhmmata prokeimenoy na mhn ekfrastei h orgh toy kosmoy stis ekloges.

    Sxetika me tis ejaggelies gia thn Paideia, h ka Paparhga eipe h logikh poy diakatexei thn kybernhtikh politikh einai na ginetai akomh pio tajikh h Paideia me ypobaqmismenes sxoles kai ptyxia kai me panepisthmia poy metatrepontai se epixeirhseis, enw proeblece oti h nea ekpaideytikh politikh qa meiwsei thn prosbash sta panepisthmia twn paidiwn poy proerxontai apo ta ftwxa laika strwmata.

    Sxetika me to tajidi toy prwqypoyrgoy stis HPA h gg toy KKE eipe oti o Papandreoy symperiferqhke oysiastika ws manantzer twn epixeirhmatiwn me tis topoqethseis toy gia ekmetalleysh limaniwn, aerodromiwn kai toy Ellhnikoy, enw anaferomenh stis diplwmatikes epafes toy prwqypoyrgoy eipe oti h emplokh ths xwras mas stoys antagwnismoys ths perioxhs qa exei sobares synepeies gia thn Ellada. Sxetika me tis ellhnotoyrkikes sxeseis, h grammateas toy KKE ekane logo gia syzhthseis kai gia ypanaxwrhseis ek meroys ths xwras mas poy qa odhghsoyn se ekxwrhsh dikaiwmatwn sthn Toyrkia.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh sxetika me tis prosfates dhlwseis toy antiproedroy ths kybernhshs Q. Pagkaloy oti ``mazi fagame ta lefta'', h k. Paparhga eipe oti tetoioy eidoys dhlwseis apoteloyn prospaqeia enoxopoihshs toy laoy kai prosqese oti ayto proerxetai apo ekeinoys poy exoyn symmetasxei sthn diogkwsh toy problhmatos ths diafqoras.

    Sthn erwthsh, oti symfwna me mia apoch den exei ypostei zhmia to dhmosio apo thn ypoqesh Batopedioy, h k. Paparhga oti yparxei zhmia , enw shmeiwse epishs oti to dhmosio xanei perioysia kai me ta xrysoboyla poy emfanizoyn diafora monasthria.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [03] Dikastikh ereyna gia to kyklwma poy lymainotan akinhta

    Se desmeyseis trapezikwn logariasmwn proswpwn poy emplekontai sto megalo kyklwma poy oikeiopoioyntan ypoqhkeymena ypo pleisthriamo h "orfana" akinhta, proxwra h Eisaggelia Efetwn.

    O Eisaggeleas Efetwn Isidwros Ntogiakos, o opoios xeirizetai thn ypoqesh toy kyklwmatos, edwse entolh, basei toy nomoy peri nomimopoihshs esodwn apo paranomh drasthriothta, na desmeytoyn oi trapezikoi logariasmoi sygkekrimenwn proswpwn gia ta opoia prokyptoyn endeijeis gia energo symmmetoxh toys sthn ypo diereynhsh ypoqesh.

    Gia thn ektimhsh twn mexri stigmhs syllexqentwn stoixeiwn kai tis peraiterw energeies ths Eisaggelias egine syskech toy Eisaggelea toy Areioy Pagoy k. I. Tente me ton Proistameno ths Eisaggelias Efetwn k. I. Sakelako kai ton Eisaggelea Efetwn k. Is. Ntogiako.

    Ta melh toy kyklwmatos, sto opoio emplekontai dikhgoroi, politikoi mhxanikoi, ypallhloi ypoqhkofylakeiwn kai alloi kratikoi leitoyrgoi, eixan systhsei peripoy 200 eikonikes etaireies mesw twn opoiwn idiopoioyntan oikopeda kai alla akinhta megalhs ajias me toys ejhs tropoys: Prwton, me plasta eggrafa paroysiazan oti anqrwpoi poy ebgainan ta akinhta toys se pleisthriasmo apo tis trapezes xrwstoysan megala posa se dikhgoroys toy kyklwmatos, oi opoioi me ton tropo ayto fainontan ws prwtoi dikaioyxoi kai katafernan na paroyn to akinhto. O deyteros tropos htan na paroysiazoyn plasta eggrafa xrhsikthsias me ta opoia apoktoysan sthn kyriothta toys akinhta poy anhkan se alloys anqrwpoys.

    Symfwna me tis mexri stigmhs plhrofories, sto kyklwma emplekontai panw apo 20 atoma, metajy twn opoiwn kai ena atomo to onoma toy opoioy einai gnwsto apo to paradikastiko kyklwma.

    Xqes eginan kai nees kat' oikon ereynes se spitia dikhgorwn poy emplekontai, opoy breqhkan kai katasxeqhkan diafora peisthria, metajy twn opoiwn kai enas katalogos me onomata dikastwn dipla apo ta opoia yphrxan parathrhseis gia ton tropo poy dikazan, to hqos kai tis arxes toys.

    H ajia twn akinhtwn kai oi diafygontes foroi gia to Ellhniko Dhmosio ypologizetai oti anerxontai se ekatontades ekatommyria eyrw.

    Thn ereyna jekinhse h Diwjh organwmenoy egklhmatos ths Asfaleias Attikhs prin apo 13 mhnes me aformh mhnyseis apo tis trapezes poy exanan ta katasxemena akinhta. Wstoso, ta melh toy kyklwmatos katafernan na petyxainoyn eynoikh gia aytoys ekbash twn ypoqesewn sta dikasthria.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [04] Krisimh synanthsh

    Diwrh synedriash pragmatopoihsan oi proedroi twn Omospondiwn idiokthtwn forthgwn kai bytioforwn Dhmosias Xrhshs apo olh th xwra, prokeimenoy na apofasisoyn gia th synexish h oxi twn kinhtopoihsewn toys.

    Oi ekproswpoi twn metaforewn anamenetai na proboyn se anakoinwseis, afoy prwta synanthqoyn me ton proedro ths Eqnikhs Synomospondias Ellhnikoy Emporioy k. B. Korkidh, sto Emporiko Epimelhthrio Peiraia.

    Sto metajy, parembash sto qema poy exei prokycei me tis kinhtopoihseis aytokinhtistwn kai ton anefodiasmo ths agoras, ekane shmera o proedros ths ND Antwnhs Samaras.

    O k. Samaras ekane ekklhsh stoys idiokthtes twn forthgwn na anasteiloyn tis kinhtopoihseis toys, kai parallhla, ekane ekklhsh ston prwqypoyrgo na dwsei megalyterh metabatikh periodo wste na ektonwqei h krish, dhladh opws ejhghse, na kanei h kybernhsh estw kai me kaqysterhsh ayto poy proteine h ND apo thn arxh.

    O k. Samaras epiteqhke kai sthn kybernhsh, legontas: "epishmainw th diafora anamesa sth dikh mas antipoliteytikh stash, thn ypeyqynh kai ekeinh toy PASOK prin apo ena xrono otan o shmerinos prwqypoyrgos katebaine ston Peiraia kai emfanizotan ws qyma twn dakrygonwn, poy shmera bebaia peftoyn me dikh toy entolh".

    Katalhgontas, o k. Samaras anefere: "kanw ekklhsh na prytaneysei h logikh apo oles tis pleyres shmera oxi ayrio, giati to emporio exei fqasei sta oria toy kai den antexei allo ayth thn katastash".

    Parembash twn synarmodiwn Ypoyrgeiwn zhtoyn oi foreis ths agoras

    Se synanthsh poy egine xqes me prwtoboylia ths Eqnikhs Synomospondias Emporioy, twn idiokthtwn forthgwn kai bytioforwn kai sthn opoia symmeteixan ekproswpoi ths Panellhnias Enwshs Epixeirhsewn Diametaforas, se mia prospaqeia na breqei lysh sto adiejodo poy epikratei me thn omalh trofodosia ths agoras ejaitias twn kinhtopoihsewn twn metaforewn, oi ekproswpoi ths agoras proteinan stoys metaforeis na anasteiloyn gia mia ebdomada tis kinhtopoihseis, wste na trofodothqei h agora kai oi idioi apo thn pleyra toys na mesolabhsoyn pros thn kybernhsh gia na synexistei o dialogos kai na aposafhnistoyn akomh perissotero ta epimaxa shmeia twn diabebaiwsewn toy ypoyrgoy Ypodomwn, Metaforwn kai Diktywn, sxetika me to anaptyjiako, to asfalistiko kai to forologiko.

    Sto metajy, o proedros ths Eqnikhs Synomospondias Ellhnikoy Emporioy k. B. Korkidhs, anaferei se dhlwsh toy pws o epixeirhmatikos kosmos zhthse thn parembash twn triwn synarmodiwn Ypoyrgeiwn, Oikonomikwn, Perifereiakhs Anaptyjhs & Antagwnistikothtas kai Ergasias & Koinwnikhs Asfalishs, prokeimenoy na energhsoyn ws ``eggyhtes'' twn yposxesewn ths kybernhshs sxetika me ta aithmata twn idiokthtwn forthgwn.

    Sto plaisio ths parembashs poy egine tis prohgoymenes meres metajy ths ESEE kai ths KEEE (Kentrikh Enwsh Epimelhthriwn Ellados) me thn Omospondias toy kladoy twn Idiokthtwn Forthgwn D.X. kai ths Panellhnias Enwshs Epixeirhsewn Diametaforas kai aithma thn ''anakwxh'' gia mia ebdomada twn kinhtopoihsewn prokeimenoy na anasyntaxqei h agora den yphrje qetiko apotelesma. Wstoso se ayto to plaisio o k. Korkidhs anefere oti ''se sxesh me tis parembash twn triwn synarmodiwn ypoyrgeiwn mporw na bebaiwsw oti to yp. Ergasias kai to yp. Perifereiakhs Anaptyjhs kai Antagwnistikothtas protiqentai na antapokriqoyn qetika sto aithma mas''.

    Entash sto limani toy Peiraia

    Entash shmeiwqhke sto limani toy Peiraia kaqws peripoy 60 apergoi aytokinhtistes empodizoyn dekaeji ntalikes me jenes pinakides na epibibastoyn sto oxhmatagwgo ploio (RO-RO) "Hellenic Master" kai eji alles ntalikes me boylgarikes pinakides na eiselqoyn sto SEMPO.

    To Sabbato to brady shmeiwqhke sthn eqnikh odo Aqhnwn-Lamias ena poly sobaro peristatiko. Sygkekrimena, symfwna me syndikalisth twn metaforewn, sthn aerogefyra ths Qhbwn, epi ths Eqnikhs Odoy, eixan sygkentrwqei metaforeis poy diamartyrontai kai th stigmh poy dierxotan epitagmeno forthgo me 85 xiliometra thn wra, toy petajan ena tsimentoliqo, o opoios espase to parmpriz apo thn pleyra toy synodhgoy, poy eytyxws den kaqotan kaneis. O odhgos katafere me dyskolia na stamathsei to bary oxhma kai etsi den shmeiwqhke kanena dystyxhma sthn eqnikh.

    To Sabbato, epishs, ligo prin ta mesanyxta, dyo forthga DX, ta opoia htan fortwmena me proionta, dexqhkan epiqesh apo agnwstoys, sthn eisodo ths Neas Egnatias, me kateyqynsh pros toys Eyzwnoys. Apo thn epiqesh, enas apo toys odhgoys traymatisthke kai odhghqhke sto nosokomeio, enw proklhqhkan ylikes zhmies sta forthga. Ta forthga meteferan proionta apo th Naoysa, me teliko proorismo th Germania.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [05] Rizikes allages sthn Paideia

    Oloklhrwqhke h prwth fash toy dialogoy me toys prytaneis, toys ekproswpoys twn kaqhghtwn panepisthmiwn kai TEI, toys ekproswpoys twn koinwnikwn forewn, gia tis allages sthn tritobaqmia ekpaideysh.

    O dialogos arxise, stoys Delfoys, paroysia toy prwqypoyrgoy, o opoios periegrace to paron kai to mellon ths ekpaideyshs ston topo, qetontas toys basikoys ajones twn allagwn, enw h Anna Diamantopoyloy ejeidikeyse tis protaseis gia ton neo montelo panepisthmiwn kai TEI poy xreiazetai o topos.

    O G. Papandreoy, proanhggeile allagh toy tropoy eisagwghs se panepisthmia kai oxi sxoles h tmhmata kai anaferqhke sthn anagkh na yparjei ``Kallikraths'' sthn tritobaqmia ekpaideysh, me sygxwneyseis kai synenwseis, akoma kai katarghseis.

    Epemeine sthn anagkh ejwstrefeias twn panepisthmiwn kai dieqnopoihshs toys wste na mporoyn na dexontai kaqhghtes alla kai foithtes apo to ejwteriko kai milhse gia megalyterh eleyqeria twn idiwn twn idrymatwn poy qa fygoyn pleon apo to shmerino montelo, afoy qewreitai poly shmantikh h oso ginetai megalyterh aytodioikhsh twn idrymatwn.

    H ypoyrgos Paideias, apo thn pleyra ths, milhse gia tis allages sthn organwsh twn spoydwn, ton tropo ejetashs twn foithtwn, ton tropo didaskalias kai dianomh twn syggrammatwn me thn eisagwgh toy hlektronikoy syggrammatos.

    Perigrafontas thn katastash poy epikratei shmera , ekane logo gia ``"gkrik statistiks" kai sthn paideia. Sto dialogo poy jekinhse kai qa synexistei gia treis mhnes kalese olh thn ekpaideytikh koinothta, tis politikes dynameis kai toys koinwnikoys foreis.

    "Dinoyme th maxh twn maxwn. Th mhtera twn maxwn. Eimaste etoimoi, dioti allagh sthn paideia shmainei allazoyme thn Ellada", ypogrammise h k. Diamantopoyloy.

    Thn empeiria toys apo ta dika toys systhmata ejeqesan toso o ypoyrgos Ereynas ths Portogalias k. Gkagko o opoios prosfata hghqhke ekpaideytikhs metarryqmishs ston topo toy kai o ypoyrgos Paideias ths Kyproy, Andreas Dhmhtrioy.

    O dialogos qa diarkesei treis mhnes kai se ayto qa symmetasxoyn toso oi panepisthmiakoi, oloklhrh h Akadhmaikh koinothta, kaqhghtes, foithtes spoydastes alla kai oi polites. Epishs qa symmetasxoyn kai oi ekproswpoi twn koinwnikwn forewn.

    Ton Ianoyario anamenetai to nomosxedio me tis allages poy qa efarmostoyn etsi wste ola na einai etoima to 2013-2014 poy qa allajei kai to systhma eisagwghs sta panepisthmia kai ta TEI.

    Antidraseis twn kommatwn

    H ND kalese thn kybernhsh na sthrijei " oysiastika kai amesa thn Paideia se oles tis baqmides ths, dioti oyte to "Neo Sxoleio" einai shmera yparkto, oyte gia to "Neo Panepisthmio" yparxoyn stoixeia h endeijeis poy qa mas ekanan aisiodojoys".

    H logikh poy diakatexei thn kybernhtikh politikh einai na ginetai akomh pio tajikh h Paideia me ypobaqmismenes sxoles kai ptyxia kai me panepisthmia poy metatrepontai se epixeirhseis, dhlwse shmera h gg toy KKE Aleka Paparhga, enw proeblece oti h nea ekpaideytikh politikh qa meiwsei thn prosbash sta panepisthmia twn paidiwn poy proerxontai apo ta ftwxa laika strwmata.

    Antiqeta, o proedros toy LAOS Giwrgos Karatzaferhs qewrei oti o ajonas twn protasewn ths kybernhshs kineitai sth swsth kateyqynsh. O LAOS qa symmetasxei sto dialogo kai, allwste, oydepote efyge apo ayton, eipe o k. Karatzaferhs, prosqetontas oti ``qa eimaste parontes kai qa kataqesoyme tis dikes mas parathrhseis''.

    Gia "metatroph toy dhmosioy akadhmaikoy panepisthmioy se agoraio mhxanismo paroxhs yphresiwn katartishs", kanei logo o SYN.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [06] Me texnologia ths arxaiothtas

    H texnologia ths arxaiothtas mporei na xrhsimopoihqei akoma kai shmera sthn ardeysh kai ydreysh, me thn xrhsh twn ypogeiwn stown (kanat) poy dhmioyrghqhkan xiliades xronia prin gia th sygkentrwsh neroy apo ton ypogeio ydroforo orizonta. Malista, ena xwrio toy nomoy Serrwn, h Nea Zixnh, ydrodoteitai akomh kai shmera mesw twn "kanat" poy kataskeyasqhkan epi Toyrkokratias!

    H dynatothta xrhshs istorikwn systhmatwn ydromasteyshs, dhladh tropoy sygkentrwshs neroy, gia thn ydrodothsh perioxwn ths Boreias Elladas, einai sto stoxastro meleths poy ekponeitai apo to Aristoteleio Panepisthmio, se synergasia me to panepisthmio toy Potsdam Germanias kai th symmetoxh toy kaqhghth toy panepisthmioy toy Salzburg H. Weingartner. Episthmonikos ypeyqynos toy programmatos einai o kaqhghths sto Tmhma Gewlogias toy APQ, Mixalhs Babelidhs, o opoios, milwntas sto APE-MPE, tonise oti oi mexri twra ereynes, edeijan oti h xrhsh twn kanat poy melethqhkan "einai dynath, xwris megales texnikes tropopoihseis".

    Symfwna me istorikes phges, o anqrwpos sthn prospaqeia toy na ejoikonomhsei to aparaithto nero gia thn epibiwsh toy, idiaitera se xwres me megalh jhrasia, xrhsimopoihse kata kairoys diafores meqodoys ydreyshs kai ardeyshs. Polles apo tis meqodoys aytes xaqhkan me thn parodo toy xronoy h antikatastaqhkan me thn anaptyjh ths texnologias. Ena apo ta systhmata ydromasteyshs poy xrhsimopoihqhkan sto xwro ths Mesogeioy edw kai 2.500 xronia apoteloyn ta kanat.

    Me ton oro Qanat (arabikos oros) h Kariz (iranikos oros), ennooyme, opws anaferei sthn meleth toy o k. Babelidhs, ena systhma ypogeiwn agwgwn (stown), me thn bohqeia twn opoiwn ginetai ydromasteysh toy ypogeioy ydroforoy orizonta. Me th meqodo ayth, to nero akoloyqei th fysikh klish toy edafoys kai ejerxetai sthn epifaneia. H lejh Qanat proerxetai apo thn arxaioshmitikh lejh gano ki ayth apo thn arxaioellhnikh kanna, kai th latinikh canna. Sth lejh gano anagontai akomh oi lejeis Kannal, Kendel h Kandel, channel k.lp.

    Systhmata Kanat (Qanat) mporei na synanthsei kapoios, shmera, sxedon se oles tis xwres toy Persikoy Kolpoy, sto Afganistan, to Pakistan, th Syria, th Libyh mexri thn Ellada kai thn Ispania, th dytikh Kina, kaqws epishs sth boreia kai th notia Amerikh. Kata toys istorikoys xronoys, ta systhmata ayta htan poly shmantika sthn topikh ydreysh kai anaptyxqhkan kyriws se perioxes me jhro klima, opoy den yparxoyn potamoi gia na kalyptoyn tis anagkes se posimo nero olo to xrono. Akomh, stis perioxes aytes, to pososto ejatmishs, logw twn ychlwn qermokrasiwn, einai toso ychlo, poy den einai dynath h ydreysh kai ardeysh gia megales apostaseis mesw epifaneiakwn (kanaliwn) systhmatwn.

    Thn palaioterh egkatastash ypogeias ydromasteyshs (ydrodothshs) ston elladiko xwro apo ton 6o p.X. aiwna, h opoia perigrafetai apo ton Hrodoto, apotelei to orygma toy Eypalinoy, sth Samo. H texnikh ydromasteyshs twn Kanat anaptyxqhke arxika apo toys Perses, oi opoioi xrhsimopoihsan th meqodo ayth se megalh klimaka kai diadoqhke argotera sth boreio Afrikh kai thn Arabikh Xersonhso.

    Ston ellhniko xwro, h ydromasteysh kai genika h metafora neroy kata thn arxaiothta, ginotan stis perissoteres ellhnikes poleis, me ypogeies egkatastaseis, paromoies m' aytes twn kanat. Spoydaia kataskeyh analoghs texnotropias qewreitai, gia ton ellhniko xwro, to Adrianeio ydragwgeio, poy xrhsimopoihqhke epi 2.000 xronia gia thn ydreysh ths Aqhnas.

    Sto boreioelladiko xwro, h meqodos ardeyshs - ydreyshs twn kanat efarmosthke sthn eparxia Fyllidos kata thn Oqwmanikh periodo opote kai egine, gia prwth fora, mazikh ekmetalleysh toy ypogeioy ydroforoy orizonta stoys notioys propodes toy oroys Menoikioy kai stoys boreioys propodes toy oroys Paggaioy, trofodotwntas me nero, apo to xrono kataskeyhs toys mexri shmera, oloys sxedon toys oikismoys ths eparxias.

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    [07] Diplwmatikh krish

    H Iapwnia protiqetai na zhthsei apo thn Kina na ths kataballei apozhmiwseis gia ta dyo peripolika skafh ths poy sygkroysqhkan stis 7 Septembrioy me kineziko alieytiko, anakoinwse shmera o ekproswpos toy Tokio, dinontas synexeia sth diafainomenh diplwmatikh krish anamesa stis dyo xwres.

    ``Pisteyw pws h Iapwnia ofeilei na zhthsei na tis apozhmiwqoyn ta dyo ploia'' gia tis zhmies poy ypesthsan, mesw enos epishmoy aithmatos pros tis kinezikes arxes, tonise o Giosito Sengkokoy, xwris na prosdiorizei pote qa ekfrasoyn to aithma oi iapwnikes arxes.

    Symfwna me to iapwniko praktoreio eidhsewn Jiji, o ekproswpos ths iapwnikhs kybernhshs zhthse apo thn Kina na anakalesei dyo kinezika peripolika ta opoia exei steilei konta sth systada twn nhsidwn poy diekdikoyn kai oi dyo xwres, sth qalassa ths anatolikhs Kinas.

    O Giosito Sengkokoy tonise oti ta dyo skafh pleoyn konta sta nhsia Senkakoy --h Kina ta apokalei Ntiaogioy-- epi twn opoiwn proballoyn kyriarxika dikaiwmata kai oi dyo xwres.

    H Iapwnia "zhthse tesseris fores, dia ths diplwmatikhs odoy, apo thn Kina na anakalesei ta dyo skafh", ypogrammise o iapwnas ekproswpos.

    Symfwna me thn efhmerida Mingk Pao toy Xongk Kongk, h yphresia kinezwn aliewn esteile dyo skafh ths konta sta parapanw nhsia gia na prostateysoyn toys kinezoys alieis.

    H sygkroysh, sta anoikta twn diafilonikoymenwn nhswn poy anhkoyn sthn Iapwnia, exei prokalesei th xeiroterh diplwmatikh krish anamesa stis dyo xwres apo to 2006.

    O kybernhths toy alieytikoy krathqhke epi 16 hmeres sthn Iapwnia protoy apeleyqerwqei thn Paraskeyh, alla to Pekino ajiwnei apo to Tokio syggnwmh kai apozhmiwseis, aithma poy aperrice xqes Kyriakh o prwqypoyrgos ths Iapwnias Naoto Kan.

    Sto metajy, orismenoi kinezoi telwniakoi ypallhloi exoyn arxisei na elegxoyn aysthrotera ta fortia pros kai apo thn Iapwnia, prokalwntas kaqysterhseis, se mia atyph kinhsh antipoinwn kata ths prosfaths syllhchs apo thn Iapwnia toy kybernhth enos kinezikoy alieytikoy, tonizei se dhmosieyma h efhmerida Mainitsi.

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