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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-11-02

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] Anamenontai ta apotelesmata ths ballistikhs
  • [02] "Chfos eyqynhs apenanti sthn patrida"
  • [03] Aylaia ths Frontex ston Ebro
  • [04] Stis kalpes gia to Kogkreso
  • [05] PAO: Monodromos h nikh

    [01] Anamenontai ta apotelesmata ths ballistikhs

    Ta apotelesmata apo thn ballistikh ereyna sta dyo pistolia poy eixan sthn katoxh toys oi syllhfqentes gia th apostolh dematwn -bombes sto Pagkrati anamenei h antitromokratikh yphresia gia na diapistwqei an exoyn xrhsimopoihqei se tromokratikes energeies kai apo poia organwsh.

    Opws egine gnwsto, thn wra ths syllhchs toys oi dyo nearoi den proebalan antistash giati toys eixan kyklwsei oi astynomikoi, enw o enas toys proeidopoihse oti yphrxe bomba. Opws diapistwqhke yphrxan pragmati dyo paketa etoima na apostaloyn, to ena sto proedro ths gallikhs dhmokratias Nikola Sarkozi kai anegrafe ws apostolea ton antiproedro ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs Q. Pagkalo, enw to deytero proorizotan gia thn belgikh presbeia sthn Aqhna kai anegrafe ws apostolea thn ACTION AID.

    H trith bomba poy breqhke sta grafeia ths ACS sthn odo Spyroy Merkoyrh me proorismo thn ollandikh presbeia ths Aqhnas, symfwna me plhrofories anegrafe ws apostolea panepisthmiako kaqhghth.

    Telos den exei dieykrinistei poion xrhsimopoioysan ws apostolea oi drastes sthn bomba poy ejerragh sto grafeio taxymetaforwn sthn odo Astydamantos.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [02] "Chfos eyqynhs apenanti sthn patrida"

    ``Oloi mas chfizoyme kai apofasizoyme gia to an h patrida mas qa oloklhrwsei th megalh prospaqeia, poy jekinhsame mazi perysi, gia th swthria kai thn anamorfwsh ths, h an qa afhsoyme thn prospaqeia sth mesh. An qa afhsoyme toys kopoys kai tis qysies poy kaname na pane xamenes, gyrizontas sto parelqon, se osa mas odhghsan edw''.

    Ayto einai to dilhmma twn eklogwn ths 7hs Noembrioy, opws to eqese o prwqypoyrgos Giwrgos Papandreoy kata thn omilia toy sthn perifereiakh syskech Kentrikhs Makedonias toy PASOK.

    ``Se ayth th dyskolh gia oloys poreia, kaqe mera, me tis prajeis mas, me tis epiloges mas, apofasizoyme an to dromo ayto, ths allaghs ths xwras mas, ton synexizoyme, h ton afhnoyme anoloklhrwto, sth mesh'', eipe o k. Papandreoy kai prosqese: ``Proxwrame staqera h bazoyme pali thn Ellada se peripeteies; H epilogh ayth anhkei prwta ston idio ton polith, ston Ellhniko lao...Gi' ayto kai epanalambanw ayto poy polles fores exw pei, exontas plhrh epignwsh oswn lew kai me apolyto sebasmo sth boylhsh twn politwn: h chfos olwn mas stis ekloges ths 7hs Noembrioy, einai chfos ayjhmenhs kai megalhs eyqynhs. Eyqynhs apenanti sthn patrida kai to mellon ths''.

    Kalese toys polites na pane sthn kalph, na mhn epilejoyn thn apoxh kai sto endexomeno poy kapoioi epixeirhsoyn na krathsoyn th xwra egklwbismenh sto parelqon, eipe oti qa prepei tote na ginoyn boyleytikes ekloges gia na milhsei o laos.

    O prwqypoyrgos kathgorhse th N.D. oti lipotakthse ws kybernhsh kai lipotaktei kai shmera, ws antipoliteysh. ``O k. Samaras den tolmhse na kanei strofh kai na sthrijei tis patriwtikes prospaqeies ths kybernhshs kai h nea hgesia ths N.D. taytisthke me thn politikh ths kybernhshs toy Kwsta Karamanlh''. Shmeiwse pws h N.D. den exei to qarros na pei sthn kybernhsh toy PASOK ``fygete'' afoy qewrei oti katastrefei th xwra.

    Milhse akoma gia ena megalo meros ths ``allhs aristeras'', poy, opws eipe, ``exei boleytei me ta aqemita pronomia twn mikrwn meiochfiwn kai twn syntexniwn''.

  • Shmera o prwqypoyrgos qa periodeysei sta Giannena.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [03] Aylaia ths Frontex ston Ebro

    H epixeirhsiakh drash twn dynamewn omadwn taxeias antidrashs (RAPID) ths Eyrwpaikhs Yphresias Fylajhs twn Synorwn (FRONTEX), ypo ellhnikh dioikhsh, jekina shmera, ston Ebro.

    Stoys Eyrwpaioys synoriofylakes qa ginei enhmerwsh apo tis ellhnikes arxes kata thn afijh toys, epitopoy, sthn perioxh ths Orestiadas, gia tis probleceis ths koinotikhs kai ths eqnikhs nomoqesias sxetika me tis metanasteytikes roes kai thn paranomh metanasteysh, gia nomika qemata (xrhsh oplwn, xeiropedhsh, kaqestws syllhcewn k.a.), kaqws kai gia to gewgrafiko anaglyfo twn 12,5 xiliometrwn, sto opoio tis epomenes hmeres qa anaptyjoyn th drash toys.

    Oi ``lagoi'', opws apokaloyntai ejaitias ths kwdikhs onomasias toys (RABIT= Rapid Border Intervention Team), qa peripoloyn sthn pareyreia perioxh mazi me tis ellhnikes dynameis gia na syndramoyn sto ergo ths antimetwpishs ths laqrometanasteyshs. Oi Eyrwpaioi synoriofylakes qa teloyn ypo ton elegxo kai to syntonismo ths ellhnikhs dioikhshs, qa feroyn ta diakritika twn xwrwn toys kai oplismo, ton opoio qa xrhsimopoioyn mono gia aytoamyna.

    Oi dynameis taxeias antidrashs ths Frontex qa kinoyntai stis prokaqorismenes perioxes poy exoyn symfwnhqei sto katartisqen epixeirhsiako plano. H afijh ths omadas, poy ariqmhtika exei prosdioristei, opws kai o ejoplismos toys (oxhmata, qermikes kameres k.a.), stoys 175 andres, qa syndramei ws dynamh apotrophs kai apoqarrynshs toy fainomenoy ths laqrometanasteyshs, poy idiaitera sthn perioxh toy Ebroy exei proslabei ekrhktikes diastaseis.

    H E.E edwse to prasino fws gia thn anaptyjh twn RABIT, epeita apo sxetiko aithma poy ypebale apo ellhnikhs pleyras o ypoyrgos Prostasias toy Polith, Xrhstos Papoytshs. Hdh, apo tis 15 Septembrioy, to YPTPO eixe paroysiasei to neo sxedio drashs ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs gia tis metanasteytikes roes, sta eyrwpaika organa, apospwntas qetikes antidraseis.

    O k. Papoytshs eixe epishmws diatypwsei to aithma pros th Belgida proedro toy Symboylioy Eswterikwn Ypoqesewn ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs, Annemie Turtelboom, kaqws kai pros thn Epitropo Eswterikwn Ypoqesewn, Cecilia Malmstrom, alla kai dia zwshs, stis arxes toy mhna, me parembash toy sto symboylio twn ypoyrgwn Asfaleias kai Dikaiosynhs ths E.E. sto Loyjemboyrgo, zhtwntas apo tis loipes xwres-melh na bohqhsoyn energa gia thn antimetwpish ``enos fainomenoy me eyrwpaikh diastash, poy apaitei eyrwpaikh lysh''.

    O k. Papoytshs eqese kai prosfata to zhthma, stis 29 Oktwbrioy, paroysia kai ths yfypoyrgoy Ergasias, Annas Ntalara, kai sto Belgo yfypoyrgo Metanasteyshs kai Asyloy, Melchior Wathelet, h xwra toy opoioy exei thn proedria ths E.E to trexon ejamhno, me ton opoio kai syzhthse to sxedio drashs ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs, th nea diadikasia asyloy, thn anagkh anaqewrhshs toy Kanonismoy Doyblino II kai toys tropoys sthrijhs ths xwras mas apo thn E.E.

    ``Oi metanasteytikes roes sta synora mas einai para poly entones. H xwra mas den mporei monh ths na antimetwpisei ena fainomeno to opoio den einai topiko, einai eyrwpaiko. Ws tetoio apaitei eyrwpaikes lyseis, apaitei eyrwpaiko syntonismo'', dhlwse sto APE - MPE gia to qema ta paranomhs metanasteyshs, o ypoyrgos Prostasias toy Polith, Xrhstos Papoytshs.

    Kai prosqese: ``H anaptyjh, loipon, twn monadwn taxeias epembashs ths Frontex ston Ebro fernei thn Eyrwph sta synora ths. Prokeitai gia enan politiko stoxo poy epeteyxqh. Apo ekei kai pera, stelnoyme mhnymata sth dieqnh koinothta, stis xwres poy apoteloyn afethria twn metanasteytikwn rown, opws epishs kai sthn Toyrkia, apo thn opoia perimenoyme perissoterh synergasia gia thn antimetwpish toy dieqnoys kyklwmatos twn diakinhtwn poy emporeyontai thn elpida twn metanastwn gia mia kalyterh zwh''.

    Fysika, akomh kai meta thn enisxysh ths xersaias synoriofylakhs, me tis dynameis ths Frontex, to fainomeno ths laqrometanasteyshs den einai dynaton na ekleicei apo th mia hmera sthn allh, kaqws akomh kai ta isxyrotera metra asfaleias adynatoyn na sygkrathsoyn olo ayto to kyma twn ejaqliwmenwn kai apofasismenwn na riskaroyn akomh kai th zwh toys anqrwpwn, apozhtwntas ena kalytero mellon.

    Wstoso, h syndromh ths Frontex kai ston Ebro dhlwnei pleon energa kai emprakta to endiaferon ths E.E. gia th diafylajh twn eyrwpaikwn synorwn kai stelnei, epishs, mhnymata kai pros tis xwres proeleyshs na analaboyn tis eyqynes toys.

    Ekrhktikh h metanasteytikh roh ston Ebro

    ``An qeleis na deis ti akribws symbainei, phgaine sta synoriaka tmhmata, sto potami'', mas proetrece empeiros synadelfos apo thn perioxh. H eikona poy antikrisame ejw apo to Tmhma Synoriakhs Fylajhs Ferwn htan endeiktikh ths katastashs. Thn hmera ekeinh eixan ginei peripoy ejhnta syllhceis kai oi laqrometanastes perimenan ejw apo to tmhma gia na akoloyqhqoyn oi diadikasies.

    Opws maqame, den eprokeito gia ejairesh, alla aplws, gia mia akomh ``synhqismenh'' hmera. H idia eikona epanalambanetai kaqhmerina se ola ta astynomika tmhmata toy Ebroy, me ayjhtikes kaqe fora taseis, ws pros ton ariqmo twn paranomwn metanastwn.

    Oi gewgrafikes idiomorfies ths perioxhs kai to megalo mhkos twn synorwn, para tis filotimes prospaqeies poy kataballontai apo tis ellhnikes arxes, kaqistoyn adynato ton apotelesmatiko elegxo kai th diarkh paroysia dynamewn se kaqe shmeio, wste na apoqarrynetai h laqrometanasteysh. Tis perissoteres fores, oi paranomoi metanastes briskontai kai syllambanontai entos toy ellhnikoy edafoys.

    Idiaitera meta thn entajh ths xwras mas sthn E.E., o Ebros egine idaniko perasma-kombos gia th laqrometanasteysh. Shmeio gewpolitiko, gewstrathgiko, politismiko, anqrwpistiko, poy sto myalo twn paranomwn metanastwn apotelei thn kyria pylh eisodoy gia thn Eyrwph.

    Einai h lepth nohth grammh poy enwnei kai taytoxrona krata se apostash kosmoys, nootropies, antilhceis, politismoys. Enas ``staqmos'', opoy teleiwnei h peripeteia ths Anatolhs kai arxizei h proklhsh ths E.E.

    O potamos egine ygros tafos gia ekatontades poy prospaqhsan kata kairoys na ton perasoyn xwris xartia, alla kai afethria elpidas gia osoys to kataferan. Shmera, exei katastei froyrio, poy ragizei ypo thn piesh twn terastiwn metanasteytikwn rown. To tajidi pros thn elpida gia ekatontades xiliades dystyxismenoys anqrwpoys, poy feygoyn apo tis xwres katagwghs toys se anazhthsh mias kalyterhs tyxhs stis ploysioteres ``politismenes dhmokraties ths Dyshs'', arxizei molis perasoyn tis oxqes toy. Kai pleon fainetai oti ayto to antilambanetai kalytera shmera kai h E.E., poy strefei thn prosoxh ths edw, syndramontas thn Ellada.

    Idiaitera to teleytaio diasthma, h laqrometanasteysh apo thn pareyreia perioxh exei entaqei dramatika, ejaitias ths kalyterhs astynomeyshs toy limenikoy, me th syndromh ths FRONTEX apo to 2009, sta qalassia synora. Ta dekades xiliometra ths synoriakhs grammhs toy Ebroy apoteloyn pleon ``bolikotero dromo'' gia toys diakinhtes twn laqrometanastwn, meta thn enisxysh twn peripoliwn sto Aigaio.

    Adiaceystos martyras ta stoixeia ths EL.AS. gia to enneamhno toy 2010. Oi syllhceis twn paranomwn metanastwn apo ton Ebro, apo ton Ianoyario ews ton Septembrio, ayjhqhkan se sygkrish me to persino antistoixo enneamhno toy 2009, kata to ekplhktiko posostobŠ 371,94%! Fetos, synelhfqhsan sta synora me thn Toyrkia 31.219 paranomoi metanastes, enw persi kata to antistoixo diasthma htan 6.615.

    Oi ariqmoi ths laqrometanasteyshs

    Ekatontades xiliades anqrwpoi apo thn Anatolh epixeiroyn kata kymata, kaqe hmera, na perasoyn pros th xwra mas. Se triakosioys, hmerhsiws, kata meso oro, toys ypologizei h EL.AS. Sygklonistikos, o ariqmos, antistoixei se mazikh metakinhsh twn katoikwn mia megalhs "polhs". Synolika, mesa sto enneamhno toy 2010 synelhfqhsan 96.398 (94.747 apo th steria kai 1.651 apo th qalassa) paranomoi metanastes sth xwra, enanti 96.085, poy htan to antistoixo diasthma toy 2009. Epishs, fetos, sto idio xroniko diasthma, eginan synolika 924 (878 sth steria kai 46 sth qalassa) syllhceis diakinhtwn paranomwn metanastwn.

    Ta stoixeia gia tis syllhceis toy enniamhnoy toy 2010, poy dhmosiopoihqhkan apo to Arxhgeio ths Ellhnikhs Astynomias kai th Dieyqynsh Allodapwn, htan arketa gia na qorybhsoyn, oxi mono egxwria, alla kai eyrwpaika kentra apofasewn. Enw katagrafhke sxetikh meiwsh ths laqrometanasteyshs apo to Aigaio, logw kai ths bohqeias ths FRONTEX, h ayjhsh ths ston Ebro htan entypwsiakh. Peripoy 4,5 fores panw apo ton antistoixo ariqmo toy persinoy enneamhnoy.

    Ychlh, se apolytoys ariqmoys (25.814 fetos, anti 29.786 to 2009) paramenei kai h laqrometanasteysh apo ta ellhnoalbanika synora, poy katagrafei pantws megalh posostiaia meiwsh (-13,34%). Sth meqorio Elladas - PGDM synelhfqhsan 1.269, anti 1.931 to 2009 (-34,28%) kai sthn ellhnoboylgarikh meqorio 789, anti 925 perysi (-4,70%). Mikrh ayjhsh eisodoy paranomwn metanastwn parathrhqhke pantws kai stis Kyklades (11,26%) opoy persi entopisthkan 231 kai fetos 257, enw antiqeta, meiwsh ths laqrometanasteyshs shmeiwqhke apo ta nhsia toy Anatolikoy Aigaioy, sth Lesbo (-75,6%), sth Samo (- 77,3%), sth Xio (-9%) kai sta Dwdekanhsa (-78,5%) se mikroys wstoso apolytoys ariqmoys. Sthn Krhth parathrhqhke meiwsh syllhcewn kata 23,31% (1.773 fetos, anti 2.312 to 2009). Se alles perioxes ths xwras synelhfqhkan fetos 30.748, enanti 34.560 perysi (-11,3%).

    Wstoso, h tash meiwshs ths laqrometanasteyshs sto Aigaio, para thn enisxysh ths qalassias froyrhshs, mporei na ofeiletai kai se sygkyriaka aitia, kaqws ta pososta ejartwntai apo mikroys apolytoys ariqmoys, se sxesh me ton ariqmo twn metanastwn poy eiserxetai apo ta xersaia synora.

    Oi arxes kai h politikh hgesia den epanapayontai kai epiqymoyn h tash ayth na synexisei na bainei synexws meioymenh. S' ayth thn kateyqynsh exei ejaggelqei h leitoyrgikh kai h epixeirhsiakh anabaqmish ths ellhnikhs aktofylakhs.

    Polyplhqesterh eqnothta paranomwn metanastwn ap' oses entopisthkan fetos sth xwra mas, meta toys Albanoys (38.911 sth steria kai 12 sth qalassa) einai oi yphkooi Afganistan.

    Synolika 20.288 Afganoi dihlqan apo thn jhra kai 566 apo th qalassa. Akoloyqoyn yphkooi Somalias (6.438 sth steria kai 171 sth qalassa) kai Palaistinhs (4.975 sth steria kai 593 sth qalassa). Polloi hrqan apo to Irak (3640), to Mpagklantes (2.010), thn Eryqraia (1.298), th Gewrgia (1.023) kai to Iran (802). Ta pososta aytwn twn teleytaiwn eqnikwn omadwn poy eishlqan apo th qalassa den jepernoyn dichfio noymero.

    Ta stoixeia deixnoyn oti ta xersaia synora ``boyliazoyn'' apo laqrometanastes, enw sth qalassa to fainomeno exei perioristei shmantika.

    H diplwmatikh diastash

    Para to gegonos oti oi Albanoi einai h pio megalh eqnikh omada paranomwn metanastwn pros th xwra mas, fainetai oti einai pio diaxeirisimh gia tis ellhnikes arxes. Oi dimereis symfwnies me thn Albania throyntai kai h epanaprowqhsh toys, logw ths diasynoriakothtas, einai sxetika eykoloterh ypoqesh.

    Ajizei na anaferqei oti 17.064 paranomoi metanastes, yphkooi Albanias, apelaqhkan mesa sto 2009, enw oi ypoloipoi epanaprowqoyntai synhqws se syntomo xroniko diasthma meta ton entopismo toys.

    Fetos, h eisodos laqrometanastwn apo thn ellhnoalbanikh meqorio paroysiase meiwsh se pososto panw apo 13%, se sxesh me to enneamhno toy 2009 (25.814 anti 29.786), alla o megalos ariqmos Albanwn yphkown poy emfanizetai fetos sto enneamhno toy 2010 (38.923) stoys antistoixoys pinakes ths EL.AS. ofeiletai kai se syllhceis sto eswteriko ths xwras.

    Antiqeta, para to entypwsiako megeqos twn syllhcewn paranomwn metanastwn apo xwres ths Asias kai ths Afrikhs, eginan mono 1.554 apelaseis mesa sto 2009 kai panw apo ejakosioi ypologizetai epestrecan pali sth xwra mas. Synolika pros thn Eyrwph epanaprowqhqhkan perysi se diafores xwres 18.754 paranomoi metanastes, pros xwres ths Asias 1.322 kai ths Afrikhs 232 kai pros thn amerikanikh hpeiro 34.

    Oi synolikes apelaseis toy 2009 eftasan se ariqmo tis 20.342.

    Shmantikoterh aitia gi' ayth thn emplokh einai oti apo tis xwres ths Asias kai ths Afrikhs proerxontai oi perissoteres aithseis gia asylo, alla kyriws to gegonos oti polles xwres toy legomenoy tritoy kosmoy arnoyntai na dextoyn thn epaneisdoxh yphkown toys.

    Epishs, apo thn pleyra ths Toyrkias, enw yparxei se isxy apo to 2002 symfwnia epaneisdoxhs meroys ekeinwn poy dierxotan apo to edafos ths pros thn Ellada, mono elaxistoi se ariqmo paranomoi metanastes ginontan dektoi (kyriws osoi proerxontan apo geitonikes xwres ths Toyrkias, opws Gewrgia, Armenia k.a.).

    Meta thn prosfath episkech toy Toyrkoy prwqypoyrgoy, Retzep Tagip Ertogan, sthn Aqhna kai th synanthsh toy me ton Ellhna prwqypoyrgo, Giwrgo Papandreoy, doqhke h diabebaiwsh, oti qa ginoyn prospaqeies na thrhqoyn ta symfwnhmena kai na entaqei h amoibaia synergasia gia thn kalyterh antimetwpish ths laqrometanasteyshs (syllhceis diakinhtwn k.a.) apo trites xwres, mesw ths geitonikhs xwras.

    Shmantikh einai h diplwmatikh epafh me xwres proeleyshs gia na perioristei to fainomeno. Sto plaisio ayta, kata to prohgoymeno diasthma, o ypoyrgos Prostasias toy Polith eixe synanthseis me presbeis xwrwn twn Balkaniwn kai ths Asias, stoys opoioys aneptyje tis qeseis ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs se o,ti afora thn antimetwpish twn metanasteytikwn rown.

    Prosqetes ypoxrewseis poy peftoyn stis plates ths xwras mas dhmioyrgoyn oi probleceis toy kanonismoy Doyblino II, poy orizoyn oti h xwra eisodoy twn laqrometanastwn sthn E.E. einai h xwra sthn opoia epanaprowqoyntai, ean syllhfqoyn se allh xwra ths E.E.

    Ajizei na shmeiwqei oti 916 paranomoi metanastes epestrecan fetos sth xwra mas apo xwres tis E.E. opoy eixan katafygei.

    H ellhnikh kybernhsh kataballei prospaqeies gia thn tropopoihsh toy kanonismoy, kaqws qewrei oti to problhma ths laqrometanasteyshs den einai amigws ellhniko, alla kat' ejoxhn eyrwpaiko problhma.

    Taytoxrona, mesa apo diypoyrgikh synergasia, prowqoyntai miktes diypoyrgikes draseis (YPTPO, YEQA, Ypoyrgeio Ygeias, Yp. Eswterikwn, Yp. Ergasias) kai ejetazontai tropoi kalyterhs diaxeirishs toy fainomenoy sto eswteriko ths xwras. Se kybernhtiko epipedo, me thn prowqhsh nomoqetikwn prwtoboyliwn (p.x. gia th diadikasia toy asyloy k.a.) kaqws kai se yphresiako epipedo, me stoxo ton kalytero syntonismo twn energeiwn twn emplekomenwn forewn.

    Oi epimeroys ptyxes toy zhthmatos exoyn syzhthqei se koines epitropes, metajy diaforwn yphresiwn, wste na prokycei ena oloklhrwmeno sxedio drashs.

    Xarakthristiko paradeigma, h syskech poy pragmatopoihqhke prin apo ena mhna, stis 30 Septembrioy, sto GEEQA, ypo thn proedria toy arxhgoy GEEQA pterarxoy (I) Iwannh Giagkoy, th symmetoxh toy arxhgoy GES antistrathgoy Fragkoylh Fragkoy, toy arxhgoy EL.AS. antistrathgoy Eleyqerioy Oikonomoy, kaqws kai epitelwn GEEQA - GES - EL.AS., me qema th syndromh twn enoplwn dynamewn sthn antimetwpish ths laqrometanasteyshs.

    Oi ``dromoi'' ths laqrometanasteyshs

    Shmera, se eyrwpaiko epipedo, mia megalh tash laqrometanasteyshs entopizetai apo ta paralia ths B. Afrikhs kai akoloyqei to qalassio dromo mesw Maltas, Sikelias, Korsikhs, pros Italia, Gallia kai Ispania, enw h deyterh kyria tash einai apo thn Anatolh kai tis xeimazomenes oikonomika koinwnies (Pakistan, Mpagklantes, India, Maroko, Eryqraia) h antistoixa tis xwres opoy briskontai se ejelijh polemikes sygkroyseis (Irak, Afganistan).

    H piesh aytoy toy typoy ths laqrometanasteyshs pros th xwra mas einai idiaitera megalh, kyriws apo ta synora mas me thn Toyrkia, poy den apotelei xwra proorismoy, alla dieleyshs. To meizon problhma paramenei o elegxos toy Ebroy.

    Sto Delta toy potamoy synteleitai kaqhmerina mia eirhnikh eisbolh. Oi paranomoi metanastes kinoyntai synhqws th nyxta, me odhgoys poy analambanoyn na toys perasoyn apo to potami, enanti amoibhs, syxna mesa s' ena ejairetika dysprosito topio, poy kaqorizoyn h gewgrafia ths perioxhs, to potami, h pyknh blasthsh, oi baltoi kai oi eymetablhtes kairikes synqhkes. Den einai, omws, pantoy etsi, kaqws s' orismena shmeia, idiaitera pros ta notia, o potamos steneyei kai to baqos meiwnei.

    Epishs, sto xersaio tmhma twn synorwn, sto ycos ths Orestiadas, dieykolynetai h prosbash. Ayta ta perasmata ta jeroyn kala oi diakinhtes-doylemporoi kai ta ajiopoioyn kata periptwsh.

    Sthn allh oxqh, synhqws toys perimenoyn synergates toys Ellhnes h allodapoi, me I.X. h me forthga, gia na toys prowqhsoyn sto eswteriko. Palaiotera, me megalh mystikothta.

    Ton teleytaio kairo, omws, oi idioi oi laqrometanastes molis perasoyn to synoro epidiwkoyn th syllhch toys, bgainontas se kentrika shmeia akomh kai sto dromo.

    Logw ths adynamias diaxeirishs toy terastioy ogkoy toys kai me bash ta isxyonta gia to sebasmo sta anqrwpina dikaiwmata ki efoson, logw toy ariqmoy toys, oi topikes arxes dyskoleyontai na toys ejasfalisoyn ajiopreph diabiwsh stoys kataylismoys, h Astynomia ofeilei na akoloyqhsei thn typikh diadikasia.

    H diadikasia ayth qa toys epitrecei na diakinhqoyn ``nomima'' sto eswteriko ths xwras toylaxiston gia ena mhna, prokeimenoy na ejasfalisoyn thn epistrofh toys sth xwra toys.

    Wstoso, ligoi ap' aytoys poy exoyn kanei tosa xiliometra, m' aytes tis synqhkes, apofasizoyn na apodextoyn th moira toys kai na epistrecoyn sth xwra katagwghs toys. Epidiwkoyn na kinhqoyn pros megala astika kentra kai na xaqoyn mesa sto plhqos, prokeimenoy na ejasfalisoyn argotera tropo me ton opoio qa fygoyn gia th xwra epiloghs toys.

    H diadikasia einai h ejhs: oi laqrometanastes odhgoyntai amesws meta th syllhch toys sta tmhmata synoriakhs fylajhs h sta astynomika tmhmata ths pareyreias perioxhs, opoy ginetai daktyloskophsh, fwtografhsh kai toys parexetai apo tis astynomikes arxes ena eggrafo, me to opoio toys dinetai dioria enos mhnos gia na egkataleicoyn monoi toys th xwra.

    Synhqws, den exoyn mazi toys xartia ki ayto dyskoleyei tis arxes sthn pistopoihsh twn stoixeiwn toys. Gia na anakalycoyn thn pragmatikh toys taytothta epistrateyontai ``afenhmerwtes'', poy exoyn ekpaideytei na anagnwrizoyn eqnikothtes, glwsses, synhqeies ths kaqe eqnikothtas.

    Sto ergo ayto qa bohqhsei shmantika pleon kai h Frontex me ejeidikeymeno proswpiko.

    H megalh pleionothta protima na metabei me treno h lewforeio toy KTEL, sthn Aqhna, typika gia na synennohqei me tis projenikes arxes ths xwras toy gia thn epistrofh toy, alla oysiastika gia na ejasfalisei to akatadiwkto toy enos mhnos kai na brei tropoys na prowqhqei stis boreies aneptygmenes xwres ths E.E.

    Ta ``lytra'' ths laqrometanasteyshs

    H tarifa twn diakinhtwn twn laqrometanastwn, twn sygxronwn doylemporwn, ypologizetai se arketes xiliades dolaria to kefali. Oikonomies mias zwhs gia to kostos toy synallagmatos stis xwres proeleyshs. Qa to broyn omws kai qa to dwsoyn xwris deyterh skech gia mia qesh sth barka, sto forthgo. Gia na agorasoyn to apagoreymeno eisithrio gia th ... gh ths epaggelias toys.

    Oi idioi oi laqrometanastes eiserxontai sth xwra, me mikroposa stis tsepes toys, ths tajhs twn 70-80 eyrw, osa peripoy xreiazontai gia na diakinhqoyn odikws me ta KTEL mexri thn Aqhna.

    Yparxei, wstoso, mia anejhghth ptyxh sta osa symbainoyn sta synora se sxesh me thn oikonomikh dynatothta poy apaiteitai, para th fainomenikh toys endeia, gia na diakinhqoyn oi paranomoi metanastes.

    H qalassia dieleysh ``agorazetai'', symfwna me ektimhseis, alla kai me kata kairoys dhlwseis twn idiwn twn syllhfqentwn laqrometanastwn, me 5.000 - 6.000 dolaria, to atomo.

    Apo ta xersaia synora, ta ``lytra'' ypologizontai se peripoy 1.000 dolaria, kat' atomo. Synepws, to poso poy apaiteitai gia th metakinhsh toys einai arketa megalo gia thn oikonomia twn xwrwn proeleyshs toys, poso mallon ean analogistei kapoios oti orismenoi metaferoyn mazi toys ki alla melh ths oikogeneias toys (syzygoys, paidia k.a.). Toso megalo, poy ean to kateixan stis xwres toys den qa eixan kanenan apolytws logo na metanasteysoynbŠ

    Anqrwpoi poy zoyn sta synora adynatoyn na syllaboyn ``pws ejaqliwmenoi anqrwpoi apo xwres toy tritoy kosmoy einai dynaton na briskoyn tosa xrhmata'' gia na ``ejagorasoyn'' th metakinhsh toys.

    Symfwna me tis ektimhseis toys, ena megalo meros twn xrhmatwn aytwn einai ``brwmiko xrhma'', poy xrhsimopoieitai apo ``kyklwmata'' gia th ``stratologhsh'' anqrwpwn apo tis xwres katagwghs toys, prokeimenoy na symmetasxoyn se drasthriothtes paremporioy h laqremporioy stis xwres ypodoxhs.

    Oi idioi oi paranomoi metanastes analambanoyn thn ypoxrewsh na jeplhrwsoyn toys ``eyergetes'' toys, ergazomenoi gi' aytoys dwrean stis xwres proeleyshs, gia kapoio xroniko diasthma. Xwris na mporoyn na apodeijoyn ayta poy mas lene, katoikoi me toys opoioys milhsame tonizoyn oti, h ``anwnymia'' toys, h elleich anastolwn mprosta sthn epiqymia toys na fygoyn apo th xwra toys, toys kaqista eykola qymata gia to organwmeno egklhma.

    Meiwnontai oi aithseis gia asylo

    An kai polloi apo toys laqrometanastes proerxontai apo xwres apo tis opoies typika exoyn th dynatothta na qewrhqoyn ``prosfyges'' (qymata polemikwn syrrajewn h diwgmwn gia to xrwma, th fylh, to qrhskeyma kai tis pepoiqhseis) teleytaia, olo kai perissoteroi apofeygoyn na ypobaloyn aithsh asyloy, kaqws gnwrizoyn oti h diadikasia einai xronobora kai endexomenws na toys kaqhlwsei gia dyo h kai parapanw xronia sth xwra mas.

    H Ellada den einai o proorismos toys, alla o topos egklwbismoy toys, sthn prospaqeia toys na eiselqoyn sto eswteriko ths E.E.

    Xarakthristiko einai to gegonos oti apo toys 96.328 paranomoys metanastes, fetos, molis 6.500 aithmata asyloy exoyn ypoblhqei kai ta perissotera apo yphkooys xwrwn poy den plhroyn ta krithria xorhghshs toy (Mpagklantes, Pakistan, Gewrgia). O ariqmos twn fetinwn aithsewn einai peripoy o misos se sxesh me tis aithseis toy 2009.

    Apo thn allh, h epejergasia twn stoixeiwn apaitei xrono. To 2009 doqhke mono se 36 politiko asylo, se 26 anqrwpistiko kaqestws kai se 102 epikoyrikh prostasia.

    To aithma gia th xorhghsh asyloy shmera elegxetai se A'kai B' baqmo apo 53, orismena gi' ayto to skopo astynomika kentra se olh th xwra, poy exoyn epifortistei toso gia thn paralabh twn aithsewn oso kai gia thn ejetash twn stoixeiwn apo miktes eidikes epitropes (symmetexoyn yphresiakoi paragontes apo tis perifereies k.a.).

    Synhqws, omws gia diaforoys logoys den symplhrwnoyn pantote apartia, me apotelesma na parateinetai o xronos ejetashs ths ypoqeshs.

    Opws dhlwse sto APE - MPE o ekproswpos Typoy ths Astynomias, astynomos A' Aqanasios Kokkalakhs, ginetai prospaqeia, me neo proedriko diatagma, poy prowqeitai pros ypografh, na aposygkentrwqei h diadikasia kai na diaxwrizetai h paralabh twn aithsewn kai twn dikaiologhtikwn apo thn epejergasia twn aithmatwn, idiws se B' baqmo, poy qa ginetai pleon apo dekatreis eidikes epitropes.

    Se o,ti afora ta isxyonta mexri shmera, o aitwn asylo, amesws meta thn kataqesh ths aithshs toy, apokta aytomatws th roz karta, poy ananewnetai kaqe ejamhno, ews otoy ekdikastei to aithma toy kai m' aythn sthn katoxh toy mporei na paramenei kai na kineitai eleyqeros sto eswteriko ths xwras. Se periptwsh poy h aithsh toy aporrifqei, exei dikaiwma na prosfygei sto Symboylio ths Epikrateias.

    H oloklhrwsh ths diadikasias mporei na diarkesei polla xronia, gegonos poy apotrepei oloena kai perissoteroys paranomoys metanastes na energopoihsoyn ayto to dikaiwma.

    H ellhnikh pleyra prospaqei na antapokriqei kai kanei hdh shmantika bhmata sthn kateyqynsh enarmonishs twn ypoxrewsewn ths, sto plaisio twn dieqnwn kanonismwn kai synqhkwn gia toys prosfyges.

    Apo thn allh pleyra, h epityxia twn opoiwn prospaqeiwn qa kriqei kai apo th qelhsh ths E.E. na symbalei oysiastika sth dhmioyrgia proypoqesewn gia to koino plaisio paroxhs asyloy sthn epikrateia ths.

    H qesh ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs einai oti ena oloklhrwmeno Koino Eyrwpaiko Systhma Asyloy proypoqetei kai qa prepei na syndyastei me metra prowqhshs ths arxhs ths dikaihs katanomhs eyqynwn, koinhs diaxeirishs, analhchs ypoxrewsewn, qesmika katoxyrwmenhs allhlobohqeias metajy twn kratwn-melwn, sto plaisio ths endokoinotikhs allhleggyhs.

    Xwroi ypodoxhs laqrometanastwn

    To fainomeno exei parei tetoies diastaseis, poy pleon einai ejairetika dysxerhs h dhmioyrgia ajioprepwn synqhkwn periqalchs kai frontidas toys stoys kataylismoys ypodoxhs, poy dhmioyrgei h Ellhnikh Politeia, oi opoioi boyliazoyn katw apo to baros toy plhqoys.

    Tesseris einai oi epishmoi xwroi ypodoxhs laqrometanastwn poy dhmioyrghse h Ellhnikh Politeia: sto Mersinidi ths Xioy, sto Baqy ths Samoy, sto Tyxero kai sto Fylakio toy Ebroy.

    Taytoxrona, yparxoyn diaforoi anepishmoi xwroi sygkentrwshs, opoy oi ellhnikes arxes einai ypoxrewmenes na odhgoyn proswrina osoys syllambanontai, xwris proypoqeseis paramonhs sto eswteriko ths xwras.

    Para tis prospaqeies na filojenhqoyn eyprepws, logw toy ariqmoy toys, dhmioyrgeitai synwstismos kai aparadektes synqhkes diabiwshs.

    Apo thn allh, oi tesseris epishmoi xwroi ypodoxhs poy exoyn dhmioyrghqei diaqetoyn xwrhtikothta molis 1.004 atomwn. Ean analogistei kapoios oti o hmerhsios ariqmos proseleyshs yperbainei toys triakosioys, oi kataylismoi aytoi arkoyn gia na gemisoyn mesa sebŠ treis mono hmeres. Praktika, einai monimws gematoi, olh thn periodo toy xronoy.

    Oi politikes hgesies toy YPTPO kai toy YEQA synergazontai stena sthn kateyqynsh ths anazhthshs newn xwrwn, prokeimenoy na ayjhqoyn oi kataylismoi se diafores perioxes ths xwras, me prwth proteraiothta na dhmioyrghqei enas akomh, ston Ebro, th Lesbo kai ta Dwdekanhsa.

    Ekatontades, ta prohgoymena xronia, ta qymata ths laqrometanasteyshs

    Stis hmeres mas, oi qanatoi kata to perasma toy potamoy Ebroy exoyn perioristei shmantika kai ofeilontai kyriws se pnigmoys kai traymata poy prokaloyntai apo kata th dieleysh twn ormhtikwn nerwn, idiaitera th xeimerinh periodo.

    Palaiotera, ta qymata htan ekatontades, logw twn diaspartwn narkopediwn sthn perioxh, alla pleon exoyn meiwqei aisqhta meta thn aponarkoqethsh ths perioxhs.

    H xwra mas, efarmozontas plhrws th Symfwnia ths Ottaba gia thn katastrofh twn narkwn kata proswpikoy ews to 2013, exei hdh, edw kai enamish xrono (se xrono poly mikrotero apo to symbatiko toy xronodiagrammatos ths synqhkhs), katasthsei asfalh thn pareyreia perioxh.

    O prwhn narkalieyths, syntajioyxos, shmera, Xrhstos Papalejandrhs, htan apo ta epilekta stelexh toy politikoy proswpikoy narkalieias toy ellhnikoy stratoy, ypagomenos sto Tagma Ekkaqarishs Narkopediwn Jhras (TENJ).

    Kata th diarkeia ths 25etoys yphresias toy sta synora symmeteixe se pollaples epixeirhseis apegklwbismoy laqrometanastwn apo narkopedia ths perioxhs. Qymatai oti tis perissoteres fores briskontan nekroi kai diamelismenoi. Andres, gynaikes kai paidia, kyriws asiatikhs katagwghs. Ena pragmatiko ``sfageio'' anqrwpwn, poy tis prohgoymenes dekaeties apasxolhse entona th dieqnh koinh gnwmh.

    To 2002, o Papalejandrhs timhqhke apo gnwsth mh kybernhtikh organwsh enantia stis narkes kata proswpikoy, dioti dieswse dyo laqrometanastes nighrianhs kai pakistanikhs katagwghs antistoixa, apo ena narkopedio, opoy eixan egklwbistei. Kata th stigmh ths diaswshs toys eixan xasei tis aisqhseis toys kai den gnwrizan ton anqrwpo poy toys eswse th zwh.

    ``Htan akrwthriasmenoi kai aimorragoysan. Mphkame sto narkopedio kai toys phrame gia na metaferqoyn sto nosokomeio. Htan anaisqhtoi kai den eixan epafh me to periballon. Den me anagnwrisan sthn ekdhlwsh poy egine oktw xronia meta. Otan toys eipan poios eimai, arxisan na me filoyn kai na me eyxaristoyn poy toys ebgala zwntanoys mesa apo to narkopedio'', leei o Papalejandrhs.

    O prwhn narkalieyths exei symmetasxei se ekatontades epixeirhseis apegklwbismoy laqrometanastwn apo narkopedia. Polles fores htan arga gia oloys osoi eixan perasei to syrmatoplegma. Htan oloklhres oikogeneies. Alles fores ebriske dyo h treis nekroys. Kaneis den mporei na pei me bebaiothta ean epixeiroysan monoi toys h me alloys, poy para ton kindyno toy qanatoy protimhsan na to diasxisoyn, riskarontas th zwh toys, gia na synexisoyn thn anazhthsh toy... oneiroy toys.

    ``Yphrjan kai stigmes poy brhkame zwntanoys laqrometanastes na perimenoyn akinhtoi mesa sto narkopedio, tremontas apo to fobo toys kai blepontas ti eixe ginei me syntrofoys toys poy to eixan diasxisei kai eixan xasei th zwh toys. Toys briskame kaqhlwmenoys na perimenoyn mhpws kai perasei kaneis poy jerei na toys bgalei me asfaleia ejw apo to syrmatoplegma kai na toys swsei'', leei o Papalejandrhs.

    Stis epixeirhseis aytes, kaqws kai sthn prospaqeia aponarkoqethshs ths perioxhs, dystyxws yphrjan atyxhmata kai stis omades narkalieias.

    O dhmosiografos, Paylos Nerantzhs, se ntokimanter gia tis anagkes ths dhmosias thleorashs, poy problhqhke sthn ET-3, to 2005, eixe thn tragikh empeiria na biwsei mia qliberh skhnh.

    Enas narkalieyths exase th zwh toy apo ekrhjh narkhs mprosta sta matia toy thleoptikoy synergeioy kai twn synadelfwn toy, kata th diarkeia toy kaqhkontos.

    Sta 56 xronia apo thn idrysh toy Tagmatos Ekkaqarishs Narkopediwn Jhras (TENJ) exasan th zwh toys sta narkopedia 48 atoma. Polloi alloi kindynecan aponarkoqetwntas ta stratopeda kai swzontas laqrometanastes.

    Isws aytes oi skhnes na apoteloyn parelqon, dinoyn omws mia eikona gia th siderenia qelhsh twn laqrometanastwn kai to isxyro kinhtro aytwn twn anqrwpwn na paizoyn korona - grammata th zwh toys prokeimenoy na diaboyn to ``synoro'' poy toys xwrizei apo thn ``politismenh Dysh''.

    Den einai kai polla ta antallagmata poy mporoyn na toys prosferqoyn gia na ejakoloyqhsoyn na apodexontai biaies symperifores, aytarxika kaqestwta, apanqrwpes synqhkes zwhs, diabiwsh sta oria ths epibiwshs, anyparktes synqhkes periqalchs, ygieinhs kai asfaleias, se aneirhneytes politeies.

    H E.E. ta teleytaia xronia kataballei prospaqeies na dhmioyrghsei kinhtra paramonhs se trites xwres, mesw diaforwn programmatwn bohqeias kai apasxolhshs, alla fainetai oti, akomh ki etsi, enas poly megalos ariqmos yphkown toys ejakoloyqei na exei strammena ta matia toy pros th Dysh.

    Se planhtiko epipedo, oi ``bebaiothtes'' katarreoyn ypo to baros kai ths pagkosmias oikonomikhs krishs kai mazi toys diatarassontai oi koinwnikes staqeres kai oi plhqysmiakes isorropies.

    O neos pagkosmiopoihmenos kosmos, poy enisxyei tis synallages, eynoei tis antallages, syntarassei thn ergasia, dhmioyrgei eykairies alla kai anergia, diapernwntas ta eqnika synora kai dieqnopoiwntas ta problhmata ``trizei'' katw apo thn piesh twn newn oikonomikwn kai koinwnikwn anisothtwn kai enteinei tis metanasteyseis. H nea epoxh kalliergei nees prosdokies, alla genna kai nea problhmata.

    Eylogia h katara, oi entones metanasteytikes roes einai ena apo ta fainomena poy sthn epoxh ths pagkosmiopoihshs talaipwroyn tis sygxrones dytikes koinwnies kai xreiazontai oloena kai perissotera metra prolhchs, se syndyasmo me tis apotreptikes draseis poy qa parexoyn kinhtra gia th dhmioyrgia synqhkwn staqerothtas, anaptyjhs kai asfaleias stis xwres katagwghs, wste na apoqarrynetai h metakinhsh megalwn mazwn oikonomikwn metanastwn apo tis ypanaptyktes kai tis ypo anaptyjh xwres, pros tis aneptygmenes xwres ths Dyshs.

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    [04] Stis kalpes gia to Kogkreso

    En mesw genikeymenhs dysareskeias gia thn oikonomikh katastash anoigoyn shmera oi kalpes stis HPA gia thn anadeijh kybernhtwn kai thn ananewsh toy Kogkresoy poy endexetai na perasei sta xeria twn Repoymplikanwn, kaqws oi dhmoskophseis fernoyn ton proedro Mparak Ompama kai toys Dhmokratikoys na xanoyn shmantiko pososto kai na ypoleipontai kata poly twn antipalwn toys.

    Symfwna me thn teleytaia dhmoskophsh toy institoytoy Gallup oi Repoymplikanoi lambanoyn pososto 55% enanti mono 40% twn Dhmokratikwn metajy twn chfoforwn poy dhlwnoyn oti protiqentai na chfisoyn.

    Dyo xronia meta th qriambeytikh eklogh toy Ompama, me thn anaptyjh kai thn agora ergasias na kinoyntai ypotonika, oi Dhmokratikoi anamenetai oti qa plhrwsoyn to timhma stis ekloges aytes apenanti stoys Repoymplikanoys kai thn ypersynthrhtikh pteryga toys, to "Tsai Parti". Ektos apo edres sth Geroysia kai th Boylh twn Antiproswpwn anamenetai oti qa xasoyn epishs kai arketes Politeies.

    Stis shmerines ekloges qa anadeixqoyn ta 435 melh ths Boylhs twn Antiproswpwn kai qa ananewqoyn oi 37 apo tis 100 edres ths Geroysias. Qa eklegoyn epishs 37 neoi kybernhtes, se synolo 50.

    Metajy aytwn poy kindyneyoyn na mhn epaneklegoyn einai kai o epikefalhs ths pleiochfias sth Geroysia, o Dhmokratikos Xari Rint poy paizei thn politikh epibiwsh toy sth Nebada, mia Politeia poy katexei to rekor anergias kai katasxesewn spitiwn sth xwra. H ypersynthrhtikh antipalos toy, Saron Angkl, prohgeitai kata mia monada, symfwna me dhmoskophsh toy institoytoy Public Policy Polling.

    Toso sth Nebada, oso kai se alles Politeies, to apotelesma qa ejarthqei apo to kata poson oi Dhmokratikoi einai se qesh na kinhtopoihsoyn tis koinwnikes omades poy edwsan th nikh ston Mparak Ompama to 2008: toys neoys, toys mayroys, tis gynaikes kai toys ispanofwnoys.

    Ean oi Repoymplikanoi kataferoyn na apospasoyn thn pleiochfia sto Kogkreso, qa exoyn th dynatothta na anaqewrhsoyn -- opws exoyn hdh yposxeqei -- th metarryqmish ston tomea ths ygeias kai sto xrhmatopistwtiko systhma. O Ompama qa prepei epishs na balei sto periqwrio th filodojia toy na metarryqmisei h akomh kai na brei mia symbibastikh protash sta qemata ths klimatikhs allaghs, ths metanasteyshs kai ths ekpaideyshs.

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    [05] PAO: Monodromos h nikh

    To teleytaio toy xarti qa paijei ayrio o Panaqhnaikos sth Rwsia kontra sth Roympin Kazan (19:30), sto plaisio ths 4hs hmeras twn omilwn toy tsampions ligk, sth maxh gia na synexisei kai sthn epomenh fash ths diorganwshs. H apostolh toy prwtaqlhth, me tonwmeno hqiko meta th nikh sto ntermpi me ton Olympiako, anaxwrhse gia th Rwsia kai oloi exoyn sto myalo toys mono th nikh.

    O Panaqhnaikos anaxwrhse xwris toys traymaties Ninh kai Leto kaqws einai anetoimoi apo toys prosfatoys traymatismoys toys. Ektos apo toys Ninh kai Leto, ektos apostolhs emeinan kai oi Elini Dhmoytsos kai Gioyrkas Seitaridhs. Analytika, thn apostolh toy Panaqhnaikoy: Tzorbas, Karnezhs, Fernantes, Byntra, Sariegki, Mpoymsongk, Kante, Spyropoylos, Iwannidhs, Simao, Zilmperto, Plesi, Katsoyranhs, Karagkoynhs, Marinos, Gkarsia, Xristodoylopoylos, Mayrias, Gkarsia, Petropoylos kai Sise.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form


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