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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-12-24

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From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] ``Kalhn hmeran arxontes...'' stis geitonies ths Elladas
  • [02] To problhma twn skoypidiwn
  • [03] "Egklwbismenoi" sto Parisi

    [01] ``Kalhn hmeran arxontes...'' stis geitonies ths Elladas

    ``Xristoygenna Prwtoygenna, prwth giorth toy xronoy,

    graikate, diete, maqete, twra Xristos gennietai.

    Gennietai ki anatrefetai sto meli kai sto gala.

    To meli trwn' oi arxontes, to gala oi afentades

    kai to melissobotano dwste sta pallhkaria''.

    Me ta Kalanta ypodexontai oi Ellhnes th gennhsh toy Xristoy kai me thn aisiodojia oti ola qa pane kala, h kalytera, afoy kata to ``Dwdekahmero'' (laografikos oros) apo thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn mexri ton agiasmo twn ydatwn oi Oyranoi einai anoixtoi, etoimoi na akoysoyn kai na ikanopoihsoyn kaqe eyxh.

    Katwfli Xristoygennwn. Ki an ta pragmata fetos exoyn allh... geysh kai o kosmos einai moydiasmenos, toytes tis stigmes oloi prospaqoyn na jexasoyn ta problhmata kai na afeqoyn sto pneyma ths giorths. Estw kai periorismenes, oi etoimasies ypodoxhs ths gennhshs toy Xristoy eginan sto plaisio twn eqimwn ths ellhnikhs paradoshs, ths employtismenhs me eqima allwn lawn.

    Myrwdies apo Xristocwma, melomakarona kai koyrampiedes, spitia stolismena me dentrakia, oikogeneies mazemenes gyrw apo to strwmeno trapezi, syntages apo thn ellhnikh paradosh, alla twra pia kai apo th dieqnh koyzina, gemizoyn ta ellhnika spitia.

    To ``Dwdekahmero'' einai ennoia diaxronikh kai deisidaimonikh, poy th gnwrizoyn kai th xrhsimopoioyn, oxi monon oi Ellhnes, alla kai oi alloi xristianikoi laoi (Douze jours, I Dodici giorni, the Twelve days). Gia na jorkisoyn to kako oi xristianoi stolizoyn kai fwtizoyn ta spitia toys. Kata topoys, de, throyn diafora eqima gia ton idio logo.

    Sthn Ellada oi proetoimasies gia th gennhsh toy Xristoy jekinoyn apo thn paramonh, callontas ta kalanta kai paraskeyazontas ta edesmata gia to giortino trapezi. Thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn oi dromoi plhmmyrizoyn apo tis fwnes twn paidiwn poy tragoydoyn ``kalhn hmeran arxontes ...''. Oi ``noikokyraioi'' toys antameiboyn twra pia me xrhmata. Paliotera to ... antitimo ths eyxhs htan karydia, stafides h spitika glykismata.

    Prepei, bebaia, na anaferqei -xwris na anhkei sta eqima- h ekklhsiastikh akoloyqia twn Xristoygennwn, poy calletai stis ekklhsies kata to jhmerwma kai einai gemath apo lamproys ymnoys twn megalwn ymnografwn ths ekklhsias. Shmera, oi proetoimasies jekinoyn poly nwritera me to stolisma toy xristoygenniatikoy dentroy. Eqimo, poy hrqe sthn Ellada apo tis xwres toy borra. Gia prwth fora, xristoygenniatiko dentro stolisthke sth xwra sta anaktora apo ton basilia Oqwna. Eyrytera epikrathse sthn Ellada meta ton B' Pagkosmio Polemo.

    Ellhniko eqimo, poy erxetai apo ta iera cwmia ths arxaiothtas, einai to Xristocwmo. Apotelei ton basiko arto twn Xristoygennwn. Einai ena megalo, eidika zymwmeno cwmi, stolismeno me parastaseis apo th zwh sthn ypaiqro.

    Epishs, ellhniko eqimo einai to sfajimo toy goyroynioy, poy eiqistai na ginetai thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn. Kata thn paradosh, to xoirino kreas einai to kyrio piato sta ellhnika trapezia twn hmerwn. Se polles perioxes ths xwras, oi oikogeneies synhqizan to gemisto kotopoylo. To eqimo me to gemisma ths galopoylas einai poly neotero kai proerxetai apo thn amerikanikh hpeiro.

    Oi fwties tis hmeres twn Xristoygennwn einai ena akomh eqimo, poy epikratei se polles perioxes ths xwras. Akomh kai stoys topoys opoy den anaboyn fwties se plateies, h fwtia prepei na brisketai mesa sta spitia. Oi noikokyraioi, rixnontas sto tzaki megala koytsoyra, prospaqoyn na thn krathsoyn anammenh olh th nyxta.

    H hmera twn Xristoygennwn se olh thn Ellada giortazetai gyrw apo to trapezi, me olh thn oikogeneia na geyetai to xoirino, ta melomakarona, toys koyrampiedes kai to Xristocwmo. Sto parelqon, malista, se polla merh ths xwras, oi anqrwpoi thn prwth mera twn Xristoygennwn den ekanan episkeceis se alla spitia. Se alles ellhnikes gwnies o prwtos episkepths eprepe na rijei ena jylo sth fwtia, dinontas eyxes gia kalh sodeia, ygeia kai eytyxia.

    Syntagh gia Xristocwmo

    Ylika

  • 1 kilo aleyri sklhro

  • 1 magia jhrh

  • 1 koyt. soypas zaxarh

  • B koyt. glykoy alati

  • 1 koyt. soypas glykaniso

  • 1 koyt. glykoy mastixa kopanismenh

  • 4 koyt. soypas meli

  • B flitzani elaiolado

  • 2 flitzania xliaro nero

    Gia to stolisma

  • B kilo aleyri

  • B koyt. glykoy alati

  • 2 koyt. soypas elaiolado

  • 1 flitzani xliaro nero

  • amygdala asprismena

  • garyfalla oloklhra

    Gia to glasarisma:

  • meli

  • nero

    Ektelesh

    Jekiname apo th zymh. Se mia lekanh koskinizoyme to aleyri kai bazoyme mia koytalia ths soypas zaxarh. Xtypame sto goydi th mastixa mazi me ligo alati kai th rixnoyme sto aleyri. Rixnoyme, epishs, thn jhrh magia me to glykaniso. Me mia tryphth koytala anakateyoyme ta jhra ylika ths zymhs, na ``paroyn ton aera toys''.

    Siga siga rixnoyme to xliaro nero kai parallhla xtypame to meigma sto mijer. Prosqetoyme to meli kai synexizoyme to xtyphma. Telos, xynoyme to elaiolado kai doyleyoyme th zymh gia 5 lepta se metries strofes.

    Paspalizoyme ton pagko me aleyri kai arxizoyme na doyleyoyme th zymh me ta xeria. Ftiaxnoyme mia mpala kai thn topoqetoyme se ladwmenh lekanh, th skepazoyme kai thn afhnoyme na foyskwsei gia 1 - 1,5 wra.

    H zymh gia to stolisma: Koskinizoyme to aleyri se ena mpol kai anoigoyme mia trypa sth mesh. Bazoyme nero, alati, ladi kai arxizoyme na anakateyoyme kai na zymwnoyme me ta xeria mas gia na ``desoyme'' ta ylika. Zymwnoyme, wspoy na ``gyalisei'' h zymh kai na jekollaei aneta apo ta xeria mas.

    Otan foyskwsei to Xristocwmo, to bazoyme sto ladwmeno skeyos, poy qa chqei.

    Pairnoyme th zymh gia to stolisma, thn anoigoyme me ton plasth, thn koboyme se kordeles, thn tyligoyme, xarazoyme me to maxairi sxhmata, zwakia, fyllarakia, o,ti qeloyme kai exei kapoio nohma gia toys anqrwpoys me toys opoioys qa moirastoyme to cwmi sto trapezi. Kollame th diakosmhsh panw sto Xristocwmo, afoy prohgoymenws to aleicoyme abgo me ena pinelo.

    Chnoyme sto foyrno stoys 190 baqmoys gia 40 me 45 lepta. Ta prwta 20 lepta den anoigoyme kaqoloy thn porta toy foyrnoy gia na mhn ``katsei'' to cwmi. Otan einai etoimo, to pername me melonero (3 merh meli, 1 nero).

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    [02] To problhma twn skoypidiwn

    To megalo zhthma ths diaxeirishs twn aporrimmatwn anedeije h hlektrismenh atmosfaira twn teleytaiwn hmerwn sthn Keratea, opoy katoikoi kai astynomikes dynameis sygkroysthkan gia to qema ths dhmioyrgias, sthn perioxh, Xwroy Ygeionomikhs Tafhs Aporrimatwn (XYTA).

    Diakosia ekatommyria tonoys skoypidiwn paragei ethsiws h Attikh, dhladh ogko poy analogei sto miso ths ellhnikhs paragwghs se aporrimmata, kai h problhmatikh diaxeirish toys apotelei gia th xwra mega zhthma, gia to opoio exei timwrhqei apo thn EE me sklhra prostima.

    Oi xwroi apoqeshs kai diaxeirishs twn skoypidiwn einai treis. Oi XADA (Xwroi Anejelegkths Diaqeshs Aporrimmatwn), poy apoteloyn thn pleon exqrikh epilogh gia ton anqrwpo kai to periballon toy, aforoyn monon to kommati ``apoqesh'' kai einai apolytws paranomoi, oi XYTA (Xwroi Ygeionomikhs Tafhs Aporrimmatwn), poy einai h kalyterh ejelijh twn XADA kai oi XYTY (Xwroi Ygeionomikhs Tafhs Ypoleimmatwn), poy apoteloyn thn pleon ejeligmenh meqodo diaxeirishs. Sthn Ellada leitoyrgoyn 73 XYTA kai 249 XADA (alloi 444 exoyn kleisei), gia toys opoioys kyriws exoyn epiblhqei ta prostima.

    Gia thn wra pantws, h Ellada den plhrwnei tis kyrwseis. O symboylos toy Ypoyrgeioy Periballontos, Energeias kai Klimatikhs Allaghs, B. Terzhs, ejhgei sto APE-MPE: ``H Eyrwpaikh Enwsh eixe katadikasei thn Ellada prwtodikws to 2005. Oi paranomes xwmateres eprepe na exoyn kleisei ews to 2008, pragma poy den egine. Ekdoqhke kainoyrgia proeidopoihtikh epistolh kai h Ellada ekane prosfygh. Perimenoyme neoys elegxoys''.

    Sto prosexes mellon anamenontai elegxoi apo thn EE kai gia thn proodo twn ergwn XYTA/XYTY.

    O Perifereiakos Sxediasmos toylaxiston gia thn Attikh, poy apotelei nomo toy kratoys apo to 2003, problepei th dhmioyrgia triwn oloklhrwmenwn egkatastasewn diaxeirishs aporrimatwn sth Fylh, to Grammatiko kai thn Keratea. Se kaqe mia apo tis egkatastaseis problepetai na kataskeyastei xwros ygeionomikhs tafhs, monada biologikhs jhranshs, monada kompostopoihshs kai kentro dialoghs anakyklwsimwn ylikwn.

    Oi katoikoi kai oi foreis ths Kerateas kai ths eyryterhs perioxhs ths Layrewtikhs antitiqentai sto ergo, kanontas logo gia proqesh ths politeias na dhmioyrghsei XYTA kai oxi XYTY. Ekfrazoyn thn anhsyxia pws ayto poy qa meinei ston topo toys, qa einai mia xwmaterh. Epikaloymenoi thn istorikh kai arxaiologikh shmasia toy topoy, to fysiko toy kallos, to ploysio ypedafos se metalleymata kai orykta kai thn khryjh ths perioxhs, ws anadaswteas, dhlwnoyn kai emfanizontai apofasismenoi na mhn epitrecoyn to ergo sthn Keratea.

    Pragmati, o k. Terzhs leei pws gia thn problepomenh diaxeirish aporrimmatwn se Fylh, Grammatiko kai Keratea exei ginei diagwnismos mono gia toys xwroys ygeionomikoys tafhs kai oxi gia tis ypoloipes egkatastaseis. Shmeiwnei, wstoso, oti ``ta ypoloipa qa ginoyn argotera''. Dieykrinizei de oti: ``Oi XYTA kai oi XYTY einai to idio pragma. H kataskeyh einai mia. Einai xwroi ygeionomikhs tafhs. H diafora egkeitai sto ti epejergasia ginetai sta aporrimmata, protoy ayta katalhjoyn na qaftoyn. H Eyrwpaikh Enwsh exei ekdwsei "Odhgia gia thn Ygeionomikh Tafh". Den dieykrinizei aporrimmata, h ypoleimmata. Qetei prodiagrafes kai stoxoys. Gia paradeigma, prepei na ektrepetai to bioapodomhsimo (zymwsimo) klasma (apofagia, klademata, organika diafora k.lp.) twn apoblhtwn kai to xarti''.

    Anaferomenos stis monades epejergasias aporrimmatwn, tonizei pws einai sthn eyxereia toy kaqe kratoys pws qa tis ylopoihsei kai ti anakyklwsh qa kanei.

    ``Pws petyxaineis toys stoxoys, me ti epejegasia, kompostopoihsh, kaysh, einai sth dikaiodosia toy kratoys. Gia paradeigma, h Dania kaiei 60% twn aporrimmatwn ths. Emeis, omws, den skopeyoyme na proxwrhsoyme sthn kaysh. Stoxos ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs gia to 2010 einai ta bioapodomhsima apoblhta na exoyn meiwqei kata 75% ths synolikhs -ana baros- posothtas twn bioapodomhsimwn apoblhtwn, poy eixan paraxqei to 1995''. Ekfrazei, wstoso, amfibolia gia thn epiteyjh toy stoxoy gia to 2010.

    Oi MKO gia to Periballon, pantws, tonizoyn oti kat'arxas prepei na allajei h nootropia twn Ellhnwn.

    O dieyqynths toy ellhnikoy grafeioy ths Greenpeace, Nikos Xaralampidhs, ypogrammizei: ``H kalyterh periballontikh politikh einai na elaxistopoihsoyme ta skoypidia gia telikh diaqesh''.

    ``Epanaxrhsimopoihsh, kompostopoihsh, anakyklwsh'' einai oi ajones poy kineitai mia koinh protash diaxeirhshs aporrimmatwn ths "Oikologikhs Etairias Anakyklwshs", ths Greenpeace, ths Mesogeios SOS kai ths WWF kai h emfash dinetai ston diaxwrismo twn aporrimatwn apo thn arxh. H syzhthsh, poy ginetai, einai laqos, jekinaei anapoda. Prwta skaboyn gia na ftiajoyn xwroys ygeionomikhs tafhs kai meta qa asxolhqoyn me tis ypoloipes monades, poy apaitoyntai gia na eimaste se qesh, na qaboyme mono ta adranh ypoleimmata. Me to dikio toys oi katoikoi einai kaxypoptoi'', leei o k. Xaralampidhs kai proteinei, anti gia kataskeyh megalwn ergostasiwn kompostopoihshs, anakyklwshs kai dialoghs twn skoypidiwn, meqodoys mikroterhs kai mesaias klimakas.

    Ejhgei: ``H meiwsh ths axreiasths syskeyasias se polla agaqa, h epanejetash toy paragwgikoy monteloy proiontwn kai h yioqethsh filoperiballontikwn tropwn symperiforas kai agorwn mporoyn na symbaloyn sthn prolhch. Epishs, h epanaxrhsimopoihsh typopoihmenwn proiontwn (apo mpoykalia mexri epipla kai hlektrikes syskeyes), poy shmera katalhgoyn sta skoypidia, oikiakh kai dhmotikh kompostopoihsh, h opoia qa paragei lipasma kai fylloxwma. Epipleon, prepei na syndeqoyn ta dhmotika telh me ta aporrimmata poy paragei o kaqenas, wste ayto na apotelei kinhtro gia na symmetexoyn oi polites sthn anakyklwsh kai thn kompostopoihsh. H anakyklwsh prepei na organwqei se kaqe dhmo kai apomakrismenh perioxh, giati twra blepoyme se merh me mikro plhqysmo na qewreitai asymforh kai na mhn synteleitai (gia paradeigma se nhsia). An oi polites niwsoyn oti einai ypeyqynoi gia ta skoypidia poy paragoyn kai ta diaxeirizontai, me thn politeia na toys prosferei tis ypodomes, mporoyme na exoyme qetika apotelesmata, opws exei ginei se polles xwres ths Eyrwphs. Telos, einai shmantiko na yioqethsei h politeia amesa to montelo me toys tesseris kadoys gia th syllogh twn aporrimmatwn kai lopwn ylikwn. O prwtos afora to xarti, o deyteros ola ta ypoloipa anakyklwsima ylika (plastiko, gyali, metallo, jylo), o tritos ta organika kai bioapodomhsima ylika, poy qa odhgoyntai se mikrotera h megalytera kentra kompostopoihshs kai o tetartos kados qa dexetai ta ypoleimmata, poy qa odhgoyntai gia telikh diaqesh ston XYTY''.

    Anaferomenos sto kostos ths protashs, o dieyqynths ths Greenpeace ypogrammizei pws einai poly mikro kai taytoxrona dhmioyrgoyntai nees qeseis ergasias. ``Oi monades dialoghs mporoyn na briskontai akoma kai mesa sta astika kentra, opws ta Diadhmotika Kentra Anakyklwshs, proswrinhs apoqhkeyshs kai tajinomhshs twn ylikwn mexri thn telikh diaxeirish. Etsi, apofeygontai oi megales egkatastaseis, poy epibarynoyn kapoies sygkekrimenes perioxes. H dhmioyrgia twn monadwn kompostopoihshs qa mporei na ginetai me thn eyqynh ths Topikhs Aytodioikhshs kai ths Perifereias, analoga me tis anagkes kaqe perioxhs'', dieykrinizei.

    Opws tonizoyn oi periballontikes organwseis, me thn efarmogh toy programmatos, poy proteinoyn, se diasthma 10-15 xronwn mporei na katalhgoyn se XYTY 10-15% twn shmerinwn apoblhtwn.

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    [03] "Egklwbismenoi" sto Parisi

    Peripoy 2.000 anqrwpoi ypoxrewqhkan na dianyktereysoyn sto aerodromio Royasi toy Parisioy, ejaitias ths kaqhlwshs twn aeroskafwn logw twn synepeiwn ths sfodrhs kakokairias, anakoinwse h ypoyrgos Metaforwn kai Periballontos ths Gallias, Natali Kisioysko-Morizet.

    "Akyrwqhkan 58 pthseis apo to apogeyma sto Royasi, kyriws logw problhmatos apoxionismoy" twn aeroplanwn, gegonos poy exei epibarynei ta texnika problhmata poy hdh yphrxan apo to xioni poy exei pagwsei, ejhghse h Gallida ypoyrgos. "58 pthseis shmainei peripoy 6.000 ews 7.000 epibates", apo toys opoioys oi 2.000 emeinan sto aerodromio, prosqese.

    Andres ths politikhs prostasias frontisan na topoqethsoyn krebatia ekstrateias sto aerodromio gia na koimhqoyn oi epibates poy egklwbisthkan sto aerodromio.

    To aerodromio Royasi-Sarl nte Gkol, to trito sthn Eyrwph, exei apodiorganwqei logw ths sfodrhs kakokairias twn teleytaiwn hmerwn, me xiliades epibates na talaipwroyntai apo tis akyrwseis pthsewn.

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