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Athens News Agency: News in Greek, 10-12-24

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] To problhma twn skoypidiwn
  • [02] Pyrhnikos afoplismos
  • [03] Neoy typoy fwtoboltaiko

    [01] To problhma twn skoypidiwn

    To megalo zhthma ths diaxeirishs twn aporrimmatwn anedeije h hlektrismenh atmosfaira twn teleytaiwn hmerwn sthn Keratea, opoy katoikoi kai astynomikes dynameis sygkroysthkan gia to qema ths dhmioyrgias, sthn perioxh, Xwroy Ygeionomikhs Tafhs Aporrimatwn (XYTA).

    Dyo ekatommyria 300 tonoys skoypidiwn paragei ethsiws h Attikh, dhladh ogko poy analogei peripoy sto miso ths ellhnikhs paragwghs se aporrimmata, kai h problhmatikh diaxeirish toys apotelei gia th xwra mega zhthma, gia to opoio exei timwrhqei apo thn EE me sklhra prostima.

    Oi xwroi apoqeshs kai diaxeirishs twn skoypidiwn einai treis. Oi XADA (Xwroi Anejelegkths Diaqeshs Aporrimmatwn), poy apoteloyn thn pleon exqrikh epilogh gia ton anqrwpo kai to periballon toy, aforoyn monon to kommati ``apoqesh'' kai einai apolytws paranomoi, oi XYTA (Xwroi Ygeionomikhs Tafhs Aporrimmatwn), poy einai h kalyterh ejelijh twn XADA kai oi XYTY (Xwroi Ygeionomikhs Tafhs Ypoleimmatwn), poy apoteloyn thn pleon ejeligmenh meqodo diaxeirishs. Sthn Ellada leitoyrgoyn 73 XYTA kai 249 XADA (alloi 444 exoyn kleisei), gia toys opoioys kyriws exoyn epiblhqei ta prostima.

    O symboylos toy Ypoyrgeioy Periballontos, Energeias kai Klimatikhs Allaghs, B. Terzhs, ejhgei sto APE-MPE: ``H Eyrwpaikh Enwsh eixe katadikasei thn Ellada prwtodikws to 2005. Oi paranomes xwmateres eprepe na exoyn kleisei ews to 2008, pragma poy den egine. Ekdoqhke kainoyrgia proeidopoihtikh epistolh kai h Ellada ekane prosfygh. Perimenoyme neoys elegxoys''.

    O Perifereiakos Sxediasmos toylaxiston gia thn Attikh, poy apotelei nomo toy kratoys apo to 2003, problepei th dhmioyrgia triwn oloklhrwmenwn egkatastasewn diaxeirishs aporrimatwn sth Fylh, to Grammatiko kai thn Keratea. Se kaqe mia apo tis egkatastaseis problepetai na kataskeyastei xwros ygeionomikhs tafhs, monada biologikhs jhranshs, monada kompostopoihshs kai kentro dialoghs anakyklwsimwn ylikwn.

    O k. Terzhs leei pws gia thn problepomenh diaxeirish aporrimmatwn se Fylh, Grammatiko kai Keratea exei ginei diagwnismos mono gia toys xwroys ygeionomikoys tafhs kai oxi gia tis ypoloipes egkatastaseis. Shmeiwnei, wstoso, oti ``ta ypoloipa qa ginoyn argotera''. Dieykrinizei de oti: ``Oi XYTA kai oi XYTY einai to idio pragma. H kataskeyh einai mia. Einai xwroi ygeionomikhs tafhs. H diafora egkeitai sto ti epejergasia ginetai sta aporrimmata, protoy ayta katalhjoyn na qaftoyn''.

    Anaferomenos stis monades epejergasias aporrimmatwn, tonizei pws einai sthn eyxereia toy kaqe kratoys pws qa tis ylopoihsei kai ti anakyklwsh qa kanei.

    Oi MKO gia to Periballon, pantws, tonizoyn oti kat'arxas prepei na allajei h nootropia twn Ellhnwn. ``H kalyterh periballontikh politikh einai na elaxistopoihsoyme ta skoypidia gia telikh diaqesh'', leei o dieyqynths toy ellhnikoy grafeioy ths Greenpeace, Nikos Xaralampidhs.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [02] Pyrhnikos afoplismos

    H Doyma (katw Boylh) ths Rwsias enekrine shmera se prwth anagnwsh th nea rwso-amerikanikh synqhkh pyrhnikoy afoplismoy START me 350 chfoys yper enanti 58 kata.

    H synqhkh, h opoia ypegrafh ton Aprilio apo toys proedroys ths Rwsias Ntmitri Mentbentef kai twn HPA Mparak Ompama, egkriqhke sthn prwth apo tis treis synolika chfofories poy qa diejaxqoyn sth rwsikh katw Boylh twn 450 edrwn.

    Oi boyleytes qa synexisoyn th syzhthsh ths neas synqhkhs ton Ianoyario meta tis xeimerines diakopes.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form

    [03] Neoy typoy fwtoboltaiko

    Amerikanoi kai Elbetoi episthmones, apo dyo koryfaies Polytexnikes sxoles toy kosmoy, dhmioyrghsan ena neoy typoy fwtoboltaiko systhma, poy mimeitai th fwtosynqesh twn fytwn kai katafernei na metatrepei thn hliakh energeia se kaysimo ydrogono.

    To mhxanhma xrhsimopoiei tis aktines toy hlioy kai ena ojeidio toy metalloy, th dhmhtria (ceria), gia na diaspasei to diojeidio toy anqraka h to nero, paragontas kaysima poy sth synexeia mporoyn na apoqhkeyqoyn h na metaferqoyn alloy. Ta symbatika fwtoboltaika paragoyn mono epitopio hlektrismo kai den mporoyn na apodwsoyn reyma to brady, opws yposxetai h nea texnikh.

    Oi ereynhtes sygkentrwnoyn to hliako fws se ena kylindro epikalymmeno me th dhmhtria. H nea texnologia ajiopoiei thn fysikh idiothta ths teleytaias na "ekpneei" ojygono otan qermainetai kai na to "eispneei" otan cyxetai.

    Kaqws to diojeidio toy anqraka kai/h to nero dioxeteyetai sto oxhma (opws symbainei me thn fwtosynqesh twn fytwn), h dhmhtria amesws afairei to ojygono apo ayta kaqws cyxetai kai etsi, diaspwntas ta, paragei ydrogono kai/h monojeidio toy anqraka. To paragomeno ydrogono mporei na trofodothsei kyceles kaysimoy ydrogonoy sta aytokinhta. Enallaktika, enas syndyasmos paragomenoy ydrogonoy kai monojeidioy toy anqraka mporei na xrhsimopoihqei gia th dhmioyrgia "aerioy synqeshs" (syngas), poy me th seira toy apotelei prwth ylh gia kaysima, opws h synqetikh benzinh.

    H prwtotypia ths neas texnikhs, symfwna me toys efeyretes ths, egkeitai sthn ajiopoihsh ths dhmhtrias, h opoia, an kai genika agnwsth sto eyry koino, brisketai se sxetikh afqonia kai qewreitai to pio koino metallo apo ayta poy anhkoyn sthn kathgoria twn legomenwn "spaniwn gaiwn".

    Oi ereynhtes aneferan oti, ektos apo ydrogono, me to idio mhxanhma qa mporoyse na paraxqei epishs meqanio. Pros to paron pantws, exei dhmioyrghqei mono mia prwtotyph syskeyh, h opoia einai akoma mh apodotikh energeiaka, kaqws to paragomeno kaysimo ajiopoiei mono to 0,7% ews 0,8% ths syllegomenhs hliakhs aktinobolias. H perissoterh energeia xanetai mesw qermikwn apwleiwn h apo thn antanaklash pisw ston oyrano twn hliakwn aktinwn.

    Oi episthmones, omws, aisiodojoyn oti mellontika mporoyn na anebasoyn sto 19% thn apodotikothta toy neoy mhxanhmatos me mia seira apo beltiwseis (qermikes monwseis k.a.), opote h syskeyh qa einai emporika biwsimh.

    More details on the subscriber's page of APE-MPE | Subscription request form


    Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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