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Athens Macedonian News Agency: News in Greek, 16-05-19

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] 19 Maioy, Hmera mnhmhs ths Genoktonias twn Pontiwn
  • [02] Koryfwqhkan sto Syntagma oi ekdhlwseis mnhmhs ths genoktonias twn Ellhnwn toy Pontoy

    [01] 19 Maioy, Hmera mnhmhs ths Genoktonias twn Pontiwn

    ``Thn patrida m'exasa, eklaca kai ponesa. Lyoymai ki aroqymw, n'anaspalw ki eporw'' (pontiako tragoydi)

    (Thn patrida moy exasa, eklaca kai ponesa. Klaiw kai nostalgw, na jexasw den mporw).

    Stis 19 Maioy, 1919 me thn apobibash toy Kemal Atatoyrk sth Samcoynta, arxise h deyterh kai sklhroterh fash ths Pontiakhs Genoktonias. Peripoy 353.000 Ellhnes apo ton mikrasiatiko Ponto ejontwqhkan thn periodo 1916-1923. Oi Toyrkoi me th genoktonia twn Pontiwn, tis lehlasies, tis pyrpolhseis twn xwriwn, toys apagxonismoys kai toys ektopismoys poy akoloyqhsan, kataferan na alloiwsoyn ton eqnologiko xarakthra twn ellhnikwn perioxwn.

    Perissoteroi apo 400.000 jerizwmenoi efqasan me karabania sta megala astika ths Ellados afhnontas pisw toys enan politismo 3 xilietiwn, progonika edafh, ekklhsies, tafoys kai sxoleia. Arxisan enan agwna epibiwshs prospaqwntas parallhla na diathrhsoyn ton pontiako politismo, thn moysikh, th glwssa, ta hqh kai ta eqima toys .

    Epi dekaeties oi Pontioi agwnizontai gia thn apokatastash ths mnhmhs twn qymatwn, me thn anagnwrish ths genoktonias apo thn Toyrkia . H Boylh twn Ellhnwn anagnwrise th genoktonia to 1994 kai chfise thn anakhryjh ths 19hs Maioy ws ``Hmera Mnhmhs gia th Genoktonia twn Ellhnwn sto Mikrasiatiko Ponto''.

    H Genoktonia twn Pontiwn einai selida mias eyryterhs istorias poy istorikoi apokaloyn ``xristianiko olokaytwma'' anefere o istorikos Blashs Agtzidhs, se synenteyjh poy paraxwrhse sto APE-MPE to 2015 kai ton dhmosiografo Fanh Grhgoriadh kai thn opoia anadhmosieyoyme apo to arxeio toy APE-MPE:

    Er: Hmera mnhmhs ths Genoktonias twn Pontiwn. Ti ofeiloyme na qymomaste shmera;

    Ap: Qa prepei na orisoyme arxika se ti anaferomaste. H Genoktonia twn Pontiwn einai mia selida mias megalhs, eyryterhs, istorias. Einai kommati ths politikhs twn Neotoyrkwn kai toy Kemalismoy na ejontwsei tis xristianikes omades, h opoia exei diafores kathgories. H ypertath kathgoria einai h genoktonia twn xristianikwn koinothtwn, opws exei oristei apo to synedrio twn Neotoyrkwn. Exoyn stoxopoihqei oi xristianikes koinothtes, ayto einai to prwto kai ypertato plaisio, ayto poy apokaloyme emeis oi xristianoi istorikoi to ``xristianiko olokaytwma''. Mesa ekei, loipon, yparxoyn epimeroys morfes ejontwshs twn meionothtwn, gia toys Ellhnes, toys Armenioys, toys Assyroxaldaioys - Aramaioys. Ginontai genoktonies kai twn triwn aytwn koinothtwn, sth de periptwsh twn Ellhnwn yparxei kai mia allh epimeroys diakrish, genoktonies ston Ponto, sthn Anatolikh Qrakh, sthn Iwnia, sth Biqynia. Einai dhladh poly eyry istoriko fainomeno. Einai o metasxhmatismos mias aytokratorias se eqniko kratos. Kai o mhxanismos toy metasxhmatismoy einai oi genoktonies. Dhladh, ayto prepei na ginei syneidhsh.

    Er: Poia einai ta megeqh; Ta qymata;

    Ap: To 1914 me thn enarjh toy A' Pagkosmioy Polemoy jekinoyn kai oi megales diwjeis kata twn xristianikwn koinothtwn, me th sygkalych twn Aystrogermanwn poy htan kai oi symmaxoi twn Neotoyrkwn. Yparxoyn peripoy 2.2000.000 Ellhnes sth Qrakh kai sth Mikrasia, ennooyme Ponto, Biqynia, Kappadokia, k.a. Ston Ponto, o plhqysmos anerxetai stoys 450.000 anqrwpoys. Ayto poy jeroyme einai, oti to 1928 katagrafhkan ws prosfyges sthn Ellada 1.250.000 anqrwpoi. Ypologizoyme oti to synoliko kostos qymatwn kai agnooymenwn einai 700.000 - 800.000. Den exoyme akribh stoixeia, pote den eginan leptomereiakes ereynes thn epoxh poy qa mporoysan na ginoyn kai twra prospaqoyme, mesa apo ta ligosta stoixeia poy mas exei klhrodothsei h Istoria, na anaplasoyme ta pragmatika megeqh. H genoktonia den exei, omws, sxesh me ton ariqmo twn qymatwn. Exei poiotika xarakthristika. O pragmatikos ariqmos twn qymatwn den jeroyme poios einai ston Ponto, sth Qrakh, sth Smyrnh h sthn Iwnia. To mono poy jeroyme einai oti o synolikos ariqmos twn qymatwn, se olh thn oqwmanikh aytokratoria, einai 700.000 - 800.000. Prospaqoyme na ypologisoyme posoi egkatastaqhkan sth Rwsia, posoi mporei na efygan sth diaspora, Gallia, akomh kai Latinikh Amerikh kai na doyme ton ariqmo twn qymatwn sthn Ellada poy yphrxe th dekaetia toy 1920 kai mia foberh qnhsimothta twn prosfygwn kai na katalhjoyme telika, oti ekei, stis patrides toys, o pragmatikos ariqmos twn qymatwn ths genoktonias kata toy synolikoy ellhnikoy plhqysmoy ths Anatolhs einai peripoy 700.000 - 800.000 atoma.

    Er: Poioi einai ypaitioi; Exei eyqynes to toyrkiko kratos;

    Ap: To toyrkiko kratos, h Toyrkikh Dhmokratia, dhmioyrgeitai to 1923, dhladh meta to telos twn gegonotwn. Ta gegonota kai tis genoktonies tis prokalese o akraios toyrkikos eqnikismos, oi Neotoyrkoi sthn arxh kai o Kemal sth synexeia. H sxesh toy toyrkikoy kratoys me aytoys poy dieprajan tis genoktonies mporei na mhn einai qesmikh, einai omws organikh. Giati oysiastika aytoi dhmioyrgoyn to toyrkiko kratos. Shmera, me ton Erntogan kai toys moysoylmanoys sthn kybernhsh ths Toyrkias, safws yparxei pio diallaktikh antimetwpish toy qematos aytoy, apo o,ti me toys paradosiakoys kosmikoys, toys eqnikistes, toys Kemalistes dhladh. Yparxei mia pio eynoikh, qa legame, antimetwpish. Bebaia, gia na eimaste dikaioi, einai gnwsta ta oria poy exei to idio to toyrkiko kratos. Eidika gia toys Armenioys yparxei h ekkremothta twn armenikwn perioysiwn poy egkataleifqhkan kai oikeiopoihqhke to toyrkiko kratos kai doqhkan meta se eklektoys toy kaqestwtos. Ayto den yparxei sthn ellhnikh periptwsh, eite ston Ponto, eite sth Smyrnh, eite sth Qrakh, kaqws me th Synqhkh ths Agkyras, to 1930, h Ellada kai h Toyrkia symfwnhsan na allajoyn plhqysmoys kai perioysies. Ara, o fysikos ``antidikos'' twn prosfygwn toy '22, Pontiwn, Mikrasiatwn, Anatolikoqrakwn einai oysiastika to ellhniko Dhmosio. Einai ayth h megalh diafora.

    Er: Yparxei, wstoso, kai mia allh apoch -orismenwn, malista, panepisthmiakwn- poy amfisbhtoyn oti diapraxqhke genoktonia h oti oi diwgmoi se baros twn Ellhnwn ths Anatolhs exoyn ayta ta xarakthristika...

    Ap: Ayto einai apo ta pio endiaferonta fainomena sthn yparjh ths sygxronhs Elladas, h yparjh enos ektetamenoy reymatos arnhtwn ths genoktonias. H arnhsh ths genoktonias, aytoy poy synebh dhladh sthn Oqwmanikh Aytokratoria apo toys Neotoyrkoys kai toys Kemalikoys, meta to 1922, htan h basikh strathgikh epilogh toy ellhnikoy kratoys kai twn epishmwn elladikwn elit. H mnhmh twn prosfygwn, ean mporese na diaswqei, diaswqhke apo tis idies tis koinothtes twn prosfygwn kai mono otan erxetai h metapoliteysh, meta th diktatoria, oysiastika anadyetai h koinwnia twn politwn kai mporoyn oi prosfygikoi plhqysmoi na diekdikhsoyn na enswmatwqei h dikh toys idiaiterh istorikh mnhmh sto syllogiko eqniko afhghma. Kati poy, mexri tote, den eixe ginei kai htan ki apagoreymeno. Sth dekaetia toy '90, loipon, poy exoyme dyo anakhryjeis Hmerwn Mnhmhs, 19 Maioy gia ton Ponto, 14 Septembrioy gia to synolo ths M. Asias, sthn pragmatikothta to ellhniko politiko systhma prospaqei, se symboliko epipedo, na epilysei tis istorikes ekkremothtes poy eixe me ton ellhnismo ths anatolhs me toys prosfyges toy 1922. Omws, ayto poy symbainei einai oti mia mikrh omada istorikwn, anaqewrhtwn -opws qelete peste to- paramenei proskollhmenh sta palia montela, poy htan ejairetika toyrkofilika, poy paragnwrizan to gegonos, oti ekei diapraxqhke genoktonia kai oti aytos poy th diepraje den htan oyte dhmokraths, oyte metarryqmisths, Neotoyrkoi kai Moystafa Kemal Pasa, alla antiqetws prwtonazistika reymata poy entassontan sthn ideologikh kathgoria twn oloklhrwtikwn akrodejiwn kinhmatwn toy mesopolemoy. Ayth, loipon, th foberh diakrish den thn kanoyn logw politikwn kai ideologikwn agkylwsewn. Ki exoyn ftasei sto akrotato shmeio ths amfisbhthshs ths mnhmhs twn prosfygwn mesa apo thn arnhsh toy oti pragmatopoihqhke genoktonia. Etsi, briskomaste mprosta se ena poly endiaferon men, tragiko de, dilhmma kai sygkroysh mesa ston elladiko xwro. Pragmata poy einai dieqnws pleon kataxwrhmena ws genoktonia, p.x. h genoktonia twn Ellhnwn ths Anatolhs (Pontos, Iwnia, An. Qrakh) exei qewrhqei san mia apo tis megales genoktonies toy 20oy aiwna apo ton kaq' ylhn armodio organismo, to ``Institoyto Meleths twn Genoktoniwn'' (IAGS). Ki, omws, sthn Ellada yparxei mia erhmia apolyth sto qema ayto. Dystyxws, mono oi prosfygogeneis istorikoi shmera kai bebaiws kapoioi ligoi, fwteines ejaireseis, toy perigyroy, proseggizoyn me tolmh ta gegonota ayta. H pleionothta twn Ellhnwn istorikwn einai agnwstikistes kai oydeteroi.

    Er: Mporei na stoixeioqethqei genoktonia me bash ta yparxonta stoixeia;

    Ap: Ma, fysika, einai aytonohto. Oi arnhtes kanoyn mia... apatewnia, mperdeyoyn ton oro ``genoktonia''. H genoktonia einai nomikos oros, oros toy dieqnoys nomikoy dikaioy, den einai enas oros ths kaqomiloymenhs, opws sfagh, katastrofh, eqnikh ekkaqarish, k.l.p. Einai dieqnhs nomikos oros poy orizetai me poly sygkekrimena krithria, ta opoia ola yparxoyn sthn periptwsh ths genoktonias twn Ellhnwn ths Anatolhs. Einai pragmatika odynhro, oti sthn Ellada den exei ginei enas dhmosios dialogos gia ola ayta kai oti yparxei mia ypogeia yponomeysh ths mnhmhs twn prosfygwn toy '22. Oi arnhtes, h mikrh omada twn syneidhtwn arnhtwn, ejarxhs exoyn apofasisei kai prospaqoyn na broyn epixeirhmata na sthrijoyn thn apoch toys. Oysiastika exoyn mia antilhch latreytikh pros ton toyrkiko eqnikismo, oso ki ean akoygetai parajeno. Einai mia toyrkofilikh, se sxesh me ton eqnikismo panta, antilhch, h opoia anatrepetai prwtistws apo poioys lete; Apo toys Toyrkoys istorikoys... Ayth th stigmh, oi kyrioi symmaxoi oi dikoi mas ston ereynhtiko kai akadhmaiko xwro gia th meleth twn genoktoniwn einai mia nea istoriografikh sxolh sthn Toyrkia, Toyrkwn aristerwn istorikwn, oi opoioi den exoyn kanena tampoy, meletoyn ta oqwmanika kai toyrkika arxeia kai me ekplhktika didaktorika apokalyptoyn to tromero egklhma poy ekane o toyrkikos eqnikismos se baros twn xristianikwn koinothtwn.

    Er: H Boylh twn Ellhnwn orise ws ``Hmera Mnhmhs ths Genoktonias twn Ellhnwn toy Pontoy'' th 19h Maioy...

    Ap: Ean anagnwristhke apo th Boylh twn Ellhnwn htan giati oi prosfyges kai oi boyleytes toys epebalan ayth th diadikasia anagnwrishs. Omws, pote den eixame mia diadikasia gnwshs kai ajiopoihshs toy parelqontos. To ellhniko kratos kai oi mhxanismoi toy htan panta antiqetoi se olo ayto, qewrwntas oti diatarassei thn kanonikothta twn ellhnotoyrkikwn sxesewn... An o prosfygikos xwros hqele na proxwrhsei ayth h diadikasia qa eprepe na organwqei kalytera, na anaptyjei toys dikoys toy istorikoys kai na akoloyqhsei ton dromo twn Armeniwn, poy ean kataferan na katoxyrwsoyn thn istorikh toys empeiria sth dieqnh antilhch peri istorias toy 20oy aiwna, den to ekanan epeidh eixan ena kratos apo pisw toys, to ekanan epeidh htan apofasismenoi kai syneidhtopoihmenoi.

    Diabaste epishs:

    Dhlwseis politikwn gia thn Hmera Mnhmhs ths Genoktonias twn Ellhnwn toy Pontoy

    Koryfwqhkan sto Syntagma oi ekdhlwseis mnhmhs ths genoktonias twn Ellhnwn toy Pontoy

    [02] Koryfwqhkan sto Syntagma oi ekdhlwseis mnhmhs ths genoktonias twn Ellhnwn toy Pontoy

    Se klima sygkinhshs koryfwqhke h ekdhlwsh gia thn hmera mnhmhs ths genoktonias twn Pontiwn, shmera to apogeyma sto Syntagma. Mikroi kai megaloi apo 80 pontiaka swmateia, kratwntas pano me to synqhma ``Den jexnw'', parakoloyqhsan thn allagh froyras mprosta apo to Mnhmeio toy Agnwstoy Stratiwth me dyo eyzwnoys ntymenoys me thn paradosiakh pontiakh foresia, ws endeijh timhs sth mnhmh twn 353.000 qymatwn.

    ``Den yparxei to paramikro periqwrio amfisbhthshs ths genoktonias'' tonise sthn omilia toy o proedros toy Syndesmoy Pontiakwn Swmateiwn Notioy Elladas kai Nhswn ths Panpontiakhs Omospondias Elladas, Giwrgos Baryqymiadhs kai epeshmane oti ``diekdikoyme edw kai xronia thn dieqnh anagnwrish toy egklhmatos poy epitelesthke wste na mhn epanalhfqoyn tetoioy eidoys egklhmata kata ths anqrwpothtas. Apo thn ellhnikh kybernhsh apaitoyme na anagnwrisei thn genoktonia twn Assyriwn, ki apo ton ypoyrgo Paideias na epanaferei to kefalaio poy anaferetai sth genoktonia toy pontiakoy Ellhnismoy sth didaktea ylh ths istorias ths G' Lykeioy''.


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