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Athens Macedonian News Agency: News in Greek, 16-09-01

Athens News Agency: News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA
  • [01] H proedros toy D.S. twn ELTA, Eyfrosynh Stayrakh sto APE-MPE
  • [02] Zhtoymeno h oikodomhsh empistosynhs sthn atyph synodo toy OASE
  • [03] Brazilia: Diplwmatikh entash me Benezoyela, Bolibia kai Ishmerino meta thn kaqairesh Roysef
  • [04] Nt. Tramp: ``To Mejiko qa plhrwsei gia to teixos, to 100%''
  • [05] Trisdiastatos o elefantas ths Thloy sto Moyseio Gewlogias kai Palaiontologias
  • [06] St. Mainas: Stis gerasmenes koinwnies mas h neothta antimetwpizetai san... paidikh asqeneia
  • [07] Anakalyfqhkan ta arxaiotera (mikrobiaka) apoliqwmata sth Gh
  • [08] To poly alkool meiwnei th gonimothta twn gynaikwn
  • [09] ``Den brhkame ejwghinoys'' lene twra oi Rwsoi astronomoi
  • [10] Ispania: Nees ekloges h proodeytikh kybernhsh;

    [01] H proedros toy D.S. twn ELTA, Eyfrosynh Stayrakh sto APE-MPE

    Sth dieyrynsh twn drasthriothtwn toys proxwroyn ta ELTA, ajiopoiwntas ta sygkritika pleonekthmata poy diaqetoyn, me stoxo afenos thn ejasfalish peraiterw anaptyjhs twn oikonomikwn toys megeqwn kai afeteroy thn anabaqmish twn prosferomenwn yphresiwn pros toys pelates toys.

    Opws anefere milwntas sto APE-MPE h Proedros toy D.S. twn ELTA, Eyfrosynh Stayrakh, ``epeidh h epistolikh yphresia oso paei kai fqinei, ta Ellhnika Taxydromeia qa prepei, kai exoyn th dynatothta, na eiselqoyn se polles yphresies prokeimenoy na ejyphrethsoyn to koinwniko synolo, na symballoyn sthn ellhnikh oikonomia kai na ejasfalisoyn peraiterw anaptyjh''.

    Etsi, opws qa pei h k. Stayrakh, ``ta ELTA qa drasthriopoihqoyn peraiterw se xrhmatooikonomika proionta, se asfalistika proionta kai se yphresies ejyphrethshs toy polith, yphresies KEP, opws tis leme kai poy epidiwjh mas einai na ginontai mexri kai kat? oikon''.

    Parallhla, h etaireia exei anakoinwsei to anoigma sthn agora energeias, kaqws hdh ejyphretei ta dika ths taxydromika katasthmata ws enallaktikos paroxos hlektrikhs energeias kai sxediazei na epekteinei thn yphresia ayth se oikiakoys katanalwtes kai epixeirhseis.

    ``Ta ELTA'', qa pei milwntas sto APE-MPE h k. Stayrakh, ``exoyn hdh labei adeia na leitoyrghsoyn ws paroxos energeias. Emeis mpainoyme sthn agora energeias, opws mpainoyn kai alloi, ejaitias toy gegonotos oti yparxei apofash na apwlesei h DEH ena pososto ths emporias. Hdh leitoyrgoymews paroxos, exontas balei se ayth thn yphresia sta katasthmata mas. Ayto gia emas, hdh, exei dhmioyrghsei oikonomia klimakas. To epomeno diasthma qa apeyqynqoyme stoys katanalwtes kai stis epixeirhseis, prokeimenoy na toys entajoyme sto pelatologio mas. Opws legetai kai akoygetaisyxna mesa sta ELTA, ayto ton kairo qeloyme na ginoyme oi prwtoi paroxoi''.

    ``Ta Ellhnika Taxydromeia'', qa symplhrwsei, ``ta teleytaia 3-4 xronia poy briskontai ston plhrh antagwnismo kai sthn plhrh apeleyqerwsh, den ekanan epiqetika ayth th strofh poy eprepe na kanoyn pragma to opoio prepei na ginei amesa. Yparxoyn para polla proionta kai kyriws se o, ti afora sthn metafora dematwn kai mikrodematwn, mesw toy hlektronikoy emporioy kai prepei na ayjhqei h symmetoxh twn Ellhnikwn Taxydromeiwn. Dinontas loipon emfash, mazi me ton Dieyqynonta Symboylo, Giannh Zaroliagkh kai to D.S. kai anaptyssontas ola ayta poy mporoyme, exoyme th dynatothta na parexoyme shmantika proionta kai yphresies poy qa taagkaliasoyn oi Ellhnes polites. Giati yparxei pisth sto Ellhniko Taxydromeio, mazibebaia pantakai me toys ergazomenoys''.

    H proedros twn ELTA, tassetai kata ths idiwtikopoihshs ths etaireias kai anaferei xarakthristika milwntas sto APE-MPE: ``emeis yphretoyme to dhmosio taxydromeio kai ayto qa synexisoyme na yphretoyme. Den yparxei ston orizonta kati tetoio. H eisodos sto yper- tameio mesw ths anadiorganwshs katateinei se ayto, sth mh idiwtikopoihsh kai emeis doyleyoyme gi? ayto''.

    Apantwntas, de, se sxetikh erwthsh h k. Stayrakh qa shmeiwsei pws h etaireia ``se kaqe periptwsh exei deijei thn proqesh kai th diaqesh na poreytei mazi me toys ergazomenoys, na yperaspistei kai tis ergasiakes sxeseis kai tis apodoxes toys. Wspros toyto, malista, exoyme hdh apeyqynei prosklhsh gia nea syllogikh symbash ergasias''.

    Telos h k. Stayrakh anefere oti ta ELTA qa symmetasxoyn sth Dieqnh Ekqesh Qessalonikhs me anabaqmismeno periptero paroysiazontas ola prosferomena proionta kai ``anadeiknyontas to rolo kai tis dynatothtes toy omiloy ( ELTA, ELTA-TAXYMETAFORES ,KEK ELTA)''.

    [02] Zhtoymeno h oikodomhsh empistosynhs sthn atyph synodo toy OASE

    Me basiko zhtoymeno thn oikodomhsh empistosynhs gia mia ek neoy arxitektonikh asfaleias, poy qa anatrecei th fqinoysa poreia twn teleytaiwn etwn kai qa janadwsei wqhsh sto pneyma ths Telikhs Prajhs toy Elsinki, poy apotelese thn kinhthria dynamh toy,diejagetai shmera sto Potsntam, th mikrh polh ejw apo to Berolino, h atyph ypoyrgikh synodos toy OASE, toy Organismoy gia thn Asfaleia kai th Synergasia sthn Eyrwph. Thn Ellada ekproswpei o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Nikos Kotzias. Prokeitai gia mia synodo proparaskeyastikh ths ypoyrgikhs synodoy sto Amboyrgo, ton prosexh Dekembrio, me thn opoia qa oloklhrwqei h germanikh proedria ston Organismo.

    ``Nomizw oti twra einai h katallhlh stigmh na dwsoyme edw mia wqhsh gia perissoterh diafaneia, thn prolhch twn kindynwn kai thn oikodomhsh empistosynhs'' tonise me dhlwsh toy xqes o proedreywn ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn ths Germanias Frank-Balter Stainmagier.

    ``Sthn krish poy klydwnizei ton kosmo toy shmera, o OASE einai isws pio shmantikos apo pote -sth diaxeirish ths krishs sthn anatolikh Oykrania, thn Yperdneisteria, to Nagkorno-Karampax kai alles sygkroyseis sthn Eyrwph, kaqws kai sth diathrhsh ths eirhnhs kai ths asfaleias''.

    O epikefalhs ths germanikhs diplwmatias qelhse na ypogrammisei th shmasia shmera toy OASE ``ws platformas dialogoy gia thn eirhnh sthn Eyrwph kai thn koinh mas asfaleia apo to Bankoyber ws to Bladobistok'' kai thn anagkh diaxeirishs twn ``kaytwn qematwn'', opws h enisxysh twn qemeliwdwn eleyqeriwn kai twn dhmokratikwn protypwn, h antimetwpish twn newn proklhsewn, opws h dieqnhs tromokratia h tis synepeies ths prosfygias kai ths metanasteyshs, kaqws kai o elegxos twn ejoplismwn.

    Ayth, symfwna me phges toy Organismoy, apo ton proedreyonta fetos Germano ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn, einai h trith prospaqeia na bgei apo to telma sto opoio exei perielqei o OASE kai na doqei mia nea prooptikh ikanh na antapejelqei sth diaxeirish twn synqetwn problhmatwn, alla kai twn newn morfwn polemoy kai krisewn poy apaitoyn kai nees proseggiseis.

    O OASE, me 57 krath melh shmera, sta 40 xronia xronia zwhs toy, poy jekinhse to 1975 ws DASE (Diaskech gia thn Asfaleia kai Synergasia sthn Eyrwph), katafere na xtisei mia arxitektonikh asfaleias ws foroym dialogoykai na prowqhsei mia politikh koyltoyra synennohshs.Wstoso, shmera diathrei to profil toy alla oxi thn aiglh kai th dynamh ths dekaetias toy '90, kaqws apo to 2000 kai epeita,kai kyriws apo ton polemo sth Gewrgia to 2008, arxise na xanei pleon edafos, me apotelesma h synennohsh kai o alhqinos dialogos anamesa sta krath melh toy na einai zhtoymeno mesa se mia genikoterh apodomhsh toy systhmatos asfaleias poy eixe xtistei sth bash toy Organismoy. Kaneis den amfiballei, loipon, oti xreiazontai nees baseis kai epistrofh stis rizes toy OASE.

    H Ellada, analambanontas thn proedria toy OASE to 2009, se mia krisimh stigmh toy Organismoy me thn prwtoboylia ``Diadikasia Kerkyras'' kai stoxo thn anazwpyrwsh toy dialogoy gia qemata asfaleias epixeirhse to dyskolo egxeirhma to opoio katelhje men sth ``Diakhryjh twn Aqhnwn'' poy aforoyse th desmeysh twn kratwn melwn na kaqisoyn sto trapezi toy dialogoy, alla den eixe ta prosdokomena oysiastika apotelesmata sthn Synodo Koryfhs poy akoloyqhse sthn Astana toy Kazakstan poy htan kai h prwth Synodos Koryfhs toy OASE meta apo mia dekaetia.

    Ayth th stigmh h megalyterh kai polyplhqesterh apostolh toy OASE einai ayth sthn Oykrania me 800 peripoy dieqneis parathrhtes ek twn opoiwn oi 580 sthn anatolikh perioxh ths xwras alla kai sta edafh poy elegxoyn oi aytonomistes, ejairoymenhs ths Krimaias.H Ellada symmetexei me 20 parathrhtes,enas ektwn opoiwnkatexei th qesh toy epikefalhs epixeirhsewn. 'Alles mikroteres apostoles toy organismoy einai sto Kossobo, ta Skopia, thn Albania, to Mayroboynio, th Bosnia, th Moldabia, thn Armenia, tis xwres ths kentrikhs Asias.

    Wstoso, h enisxysh toy OASE gia megalyterh kai shmantikoterh parembatikothta krinetai zwtikhs shmasias shmera perissotero apo pote, wste na mporei na analabei drash kai gia tis nees proklhseis asfaleias, opws einai h tromokratia, tomea ston opoio diaqetei thn katallhlh empeiria, alla kai thn prosfygikh-metanasteytikh krish, opoy xreiazetai na thn apokthsei.

    To stoixhma einai megalo kai o k. Stainmagier prospaqei na to kerdisei. H Ellada genikotera kai o k. Kotzias eidikotera, enqermos yposthrikthstoy dialogoy,sthn parembash toy shmera, qa sthrijei ayth thn prospaqeia gia thn oikodomhsh empistosynhs kai thn anazwpyrwsh toy dialogoy poy apoteloyn ta basika systatika toy organismoy

    [03] Brazilia: Diplwmatikh entash me Benezoyela, Bolibia kai Ishmerino meta thn kaqairesh Roysef

    H kybernhsh ths Brazilias anakoinwse oti anakalese ton presbeyth ths sth Benezoyela gia diaboyleyseis, kaqws to Karakas katadikase me entono tropo thn kaqairesh ths prwhn proedroy Ntilmas Roysef kai anakalese ton diko toy presbeyth sthn Mprazilia.

    To ypoyrgeio Ejwterikwn ths Brazilias anakoinwse epishs oti anaklhqhkan oi presbeytes ths xwras sth Bolibia kai ston Ishmerino, dyo xwres oi aristeres kybernhseis twn opoiwn epekrinan epishs entona thn apofash ths brazilianikhs Geroysias na kaqairesei th Roysef xqes Tetarth.

    [04] Nt. Tramp: ``To Mejiko qa plhrwsei gia to teixos, to 100%''

    O Ntonalnt Tramp epemeine kata thn omilia poy ekfwnhse prin apo ligo se mia proeklogikh sygkentrwsh sto Foinij ths politeias ths Arizonas oti to Mejiko ``qa plhrwsei to 100%'' ths dapanhs gia na anegerqei ena teixos sta synora toy me tis HPA, antapantwntas etsi ston mejikano proedro Enrike Penia Nieto, me ton opoio synanthqhke merikes wres nwritera.

    ``To Mejiko qa plhrwsei gia to teixos 100%, pistecte me. Den to jeroyn akoma, alla qa plhrwsoyn to teixos'', eipe o ypochfios twn Repoymplikanwn gia thn proedria twn HPA.

    To zhthma ths xrhmatodothshs toy teixoys ? h anegersh toy opoioy apotelei proeklogikh desmeysh toy Tramp ? egine aformh dhmosias diafwnias anamesa ston ypochfio kai ton mejikano proedro.

    ``Sthn arxh ths syzhthshs me ton Ntonalnt Tramp, katesthsa safes oti to Mejiko den qa plhrwsei to teixos'', egrace o proedros toy Mejikoy sto Twitter, diaceydontas ton megistana twn akinhtwn, o opoios eipe sthn koinh synenteyjh Typoy poy paraxwrhsan mazi oti to qema ths kalychs toy kostoys den syzhthqhke.

    ``Pragmati syzhthsame gia to teixos, den syzhthsame gia thn plhrwmh toy, ayto qa ginei se metagenesterh hmeromhnia, ayth htan mia prokatarktikh synanthsh, mia ejaireth synanthsh'', eipe o Tramp.

    H ekstrateia toy Ntonalnt Tramp ypobaqmise thn antidrash toy Penia Nieto, shmeiwnontas pws h synanthsh toys entassetai se mia prospaqeia na oikodomhqei h dimerhs sxesh. ``Den eprokeito gia diapragmateysh, ayto qa htan anarmosto. Den dhmioyrgei kamia ekplhjh to oti oi dyo toys exoyn diaforetikh apoch gia to zhthma'', pantws ``qeloyme na synexistei h syzhthsh'', anefere o Tzeison Miler, ekproswpos toy Tramp.

    Polloi sto Mejiko antimetwpisan me orgh thn episkech toy Repoymplikanoy ypochfioy gia thn proedria twn HPA, kaqws o Tramp exei xarakthrisei toys metanastes apo th xwra ayth biastes kai diakinhtes narkwtikwn, kati gia to opoio apaitoysan na zhthsei syggnwmh.

    Den synebh tipota tetoio. Akomh kai sthn kat' idian synomilia toys o Tramp den zhthse syggnwmh apo ton Enrike Penia Nieto, anefere o ekproswpos ths mejikanikhs proedrias Edoyardo Santses.

    [05] Trisdiastatos o elefantas ths Thloy sto Moyseio Gewlogias kai Palaiontologias

    Mia monadikh ekqesh me qema ``Elephas tiliensis.Nanos kai trisdiastatos'', egkainiazetai shmera stis 7 to apogeyma sto Moyseio Gewlogias kai Palaiontologias toy Eqnikoy kai Kapodistriakoy Panepisthmioy Aqhnwn, sto ktirio ths Sxolhs Qetikwn Episthmwn sthn Panepisthmioypolh Zwgrafoy.

    Prokeitai gia ton elefanta ths Thloy, ton teleytaio elefantaths Eyrwphs, poy eftase sto nhsi kolympwntas apo thn Mikra Asia prin apo 45.000 xronia, opws ejhgei sto Aqhnaiko Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn, o dieyqynths toy Moyseioy, kaqhghths Gewrgios Qeodwroy.

    H idiaiterothta ths ekqeshs einai oti oi melethtes kataferan na sygkentrwsoyn ta deigmata, na ta antigracoyn me ajonikoys tomografoys kai leizer skaner, na ta metatrecoyn se trisdiastata montela, ypologizontas tis swstes diastaseis kai epeita na ta typwsoyn se ektypwtes 3D. ``Prokeitai gia mia kainotomo, sygxronh meqodologia poy mas epetrece na plhsiasoyme mia idanikh morfh toy elefanta ths Thloy kai gia prwth fora na exoyme enan synarmologhmeno trisdiastato skeleto, ton opoio exoyme sthsei'', prosqetei o k. Qeodwroy. O episkepths exei th dynatothta na dei apo konta ena ejafanismeno, pleon, eidos se trisdiastath morfh, alla kai na plhroforhqei gia th meqodologia twn anaskafwn, to prwtotypo yliko apo tis anaskafes, alla kai na sygkrinei thn palia meqodologia kataskeyhs antigrafwn twn apoliqwmatwn me th sygxronh meqodologia poy epitrepei kataskeyh katoptrikwn deigmatwn ektypwsh ypo klimaka.

    Pote kai pws emfanisthke sthn Thlo o elefantas

    O dieyqynths toy Moyseioy Gewlogias kai Palaiontologias toy Eqnikoy kai Kapodistriakoy Panepisthmioy Aqhnwn, kaqhghths Gewrgios Qeodwroy, ypogrammizei oti ``to panepisthmio kanei anaskafes sthn Thlo apo to 1971 mexri shmera. Exoyme ena sphlaio, to Xarkadio, poy anakalyfqhke apo ton kaqhghth Nikolao Symewnidh. Ayto to sphlaio filojenei ena ploysio yliko sxetika me toys thliakoys elefantes. Dwsame thn onomasia 'tiliensis' to 2007, epeidh ejafanisthke sthn Thlo prin apo 3.500 xronia, enw efqase toylaxiston prin apo 45.000 xronia sthn Thlo''.

    Opws anaferetai malista se sxetikh ergasia, ``to neo eidos einai gewgrafiko, ezhse plhrws apomonwmeno apo kaqe allo endhmiko elefanta ths Mesogeioy, einai arketa pio megaloswmo apo ta mikrotera eidh ths Sikelias kai ths Kyproy, enw symfwna me thn morfologikh meleth exoyn apokalyfqei polyariqmes allages poy aforoyn sto metakraniako yliko ki epitrepoyn thn perigrafh enos poly eykinhtoy zwoy, kala prosarmosmenoy sto nhsiwtiko periballon, me poly kales dynatothtes kinhshs sto traxy edafos. H ejafanish toy Elephas tiliensis einai apotelesma syndyasmoy paragontwn periballontikhs pieshs, poy proklhqhke apo tis klimatikes allages, th meiwsh ths ektashs toy nhsioy ejaitias ths eystatikhs anodoy ths staqmhs ths qalassas meta to teleytaio qermokrasiako elaxisto, alla kai ths hfaisteiothtas sthn eyryterh perioxh''.

    O elefantas ths Thloy ezhse sta teleytaia 50.000 xronia, ypologizetai oti eftane peripoy to 1,5 metro zygize peripoy 500 me 600 kila kai eixe xrono zwhspoy mallon jepernoyse ta 40 me 50 xronia. H ekqesh ylopoihqhke sto plaisio toy programmatos ESPA, QALHS MIS 380135, se synergasia toy Tmhmatos Gewlogias kai Gewperiballontos toy EKPA me to Eqniko Metsobio Polytexneio, to Panepisthmio Patrwn kai to Tmhma Biologias toy EKPA, me episthmoniko ypeyqyno ton Kaqhghth EMP, Xristoforo Probatidh, kai qa einai anoixth gia to koino tis wres leitoyrgias toy Moyseioy apo tis 9 to prwi mexri tis 13.30 meta to meshmeri kai qa diarkesei mexri kai tis arxes toy 2017. ``Stoxos mas einai na mporesoyme toys prosexeis mhnes na breqei xrhmatodothsh, wste na paei ston teliko xwro ths, sto neo ktirio sthn Thlo'', tonizei o k. Qeodwroy. Kyrios xrhmatodoths twn anaskafwn ta teleytaia 25 xronia yphrje to ypoyrgeio Aigaioy. Parallhla, me ta egkainia ths ekqeshs, qa pragmatopoihqei kai h paradosh toy Moyseioy apo ton aperxomeno dieyqynth kaqhghth, Gewrgio Qeodwroy, sto neo dieyqynth toy Moyseioy, kaqhghth, Basileio Karakitsio.

    Ti einai to Moyseio palaiontologias

    To Moyseio Palaiontologias kai Gewlogias, ena apo ta polla moyseia toy Panepisthmioy AQhnwn anhkei kai stegazetai sto tmhma Gewlogias kai Gewperiballontos. Diaqetei ploysies sylloges spondylwtwn kai aspondylwn zwwn, fytikwn apoliqwmatwn kai allwn palaiontologikwn eyrhmatwn kai gewlogikwn deigmatwn, apo th xwra mas kai to ejwteriko, oi opoies diarkws employtizontai. Diejagei episthmonikes ereynes kaqws kai anaskafes se olh thn epikrateia. Einai anoikto ti kaqhmerines se hmerhsia bash gia ta sxoleia kai to koino me organwmenes episthmonikes enhmerwseis kai ekpaideytikes drasthriothtes gia ta sxoleia.

    O episkepths exei th dynatothta na jenaghqei stis xwroys me ploysies sylloges me polles xiliades deigmata poy kalyptoyn ton ellhniko xwro kai me apoliqwmata poy xronologoyntai mexri kai 300 ek. eth prin.

    To moyseio synthreitai me ta dika toy esoda apo ta eisithria twn ekqesewn toy, enw antimetwpizei elleich proswpikoy.

    [06] St. Mainas: Stis gerasmenes koinwnies mas h neothta antimetwpizetai san... paidikh asqeneia

    ``Stis sapismenes kai gerasmenes koinwnies mas, h neothta einai san symptwma kai ta xarakthristika ths poy, metajy allwn, einai to sfrigos, h epanastatikothta kai h anypakoh, antimetwpizontai san paidikh asqeneia poy xrhzei qerapeias'', anaferei o Stelios Mainas sto APE-MPE, ormwmenos apo thn ``Antigonh'' toy Zan Anoyig. H parastash, h opoia ekane premiera ton Ioylio sto plaisio toy Festibal Aqhnwn, se skhnoqesia Elenhs Eyqymioy, synexizei twra thn periodeia ths se festibal ths Attikhs.

    Koryfaio ergo ths sygxronhs dramatoyrgias, h ``Antigonh'' grafthke apo ton Anoyig kata th diarkeia ths nazistikhs katoxhs sth Gallia, metaferontas to atomo kai ton agwna toy apenanti se ena pantodynamo, gerasmeno, aytarxiko kratos, poy kaqista th nioth...qyma toy. ``O Anoyig, ejairetika epikairos kai shmera, basizomenos sth tragwdia toy Sofoklh, oysiastika janagrafei ton myqo, me toys politikoys oroys mias Eyrwphs poy stenazei katw apo th germanikh mpota'', sxoliazei o Stelios Mainas, poy krata ton rolo toy Kreonta.

    ``O Krewn, o krataios dhladh, den einai o ategktos kai apolytos monarxhs mias, as poyme, latinoamerikanikhs xwras, alla o prwqypoyrgos mias sygxronhs eyrwpaikhs'', synexizei o hqopoios. ``Einai o politikos poy sto grafeio toy caxnei epistamenws ta apotelesmata twn dhmochfismatwn, akoyei apo toys symboyloys toy gia thn anodo ths antipoliteyshs kai bgazei logoys sto Koinoboylio, poy isxyropoioyn th qesh ths kybernhshs toy. Me dyo logia, o Krewn einai h eikona toy sygxronoy politikoy andra, me ola ta xarakthristika toy'', prosqetei o idios.

    ``H ypoqesh toy ergoy einai taytoshmh me ekeinh ths sofokleias Antigonhs, omws edw oi qeoi apoysiazoyn..."qorybwdws"'', tonizei o Stelios Mainas. Se antidiastolh me th sofokleia Antigonh, ``opoy diaprattontai allepallhles ybreis, kai h ybris sthn arxaia tragwdia apaitei panta thn kaqarsh kai h kaqarsh epiferei th gnwsh, ston Anoyig oi hrwes oyte mia fora den epikaloyntai ton qeo, h toys qeoys. Den anaferontai poyqena, oyte kan ws yparjh. Edw, oi anqrwpoi lynoyn tis diafores toys monoi, xwris th symmetoxh h estw xwris thn parhgoria ths "anwqen bohqeias". O atafos nekros sapizei. Kai, opws gnwrizoyme, h pio atimwtikh timwria sthn arxaiothta, htan na meineis atafos''.

    H ``Antigonh'' toy Anoyig grafetai to 1942 kai anebainei mesa sthn Katoxh, se mia sklhrh gia thn anqrwpothta epoxh. Hdh, apo thn premiera toy, to ergo syndeqhke me thn Antistash. Arxika, malista, apagoreythke, kaqws h sofokleia hrwida paroysiazotan ws epikefalhs epiqeshs kata ths filogermanikhs kybernhshs toy Bisi.

    Opws epishmainei o Stelios Mainas, to keimeno toy Galloy sygggrafea synantaei me eykolia th shmerinh pragmatikothta kai epikaleitai ws prosfato paradeigma thn apofash ths Toyrkias gia ``nekrotafeio prodotwn''. ``Meta to apotyxhmeno prajikophma sthn Toyrkia, o dhmarxos ths Kwnstantinoypolhs ejhggeile th dhmioyrgia enos jexwristoy xwroy, opoy qa tafoyn oi foneyqentes prajikophmaties, gia mh molynoyn thn polh kai gia na mporei o kosmos na toys katarietai sthn aiwniothta, pernwntas apo to prwtotypo ayto nekrotafeio toy misoys'', ypogrammizei. ``H istoria kanei aenaws kykloys kai to pio sokaristiko einai pws oi anqrwpoi den maqainoyme apo ta laqh mas, akoma ki an h istoria kai grafei, kai ypenqymizei, kai katadikazei. Ametanohtoi, janapeftoyme sta sfalmata toy parelqontos, san na mhn eginan pote. Einai baqia anqrwpinh anagkh profanws, h endomyxh tash toy anqrwpoy sthn katastrofh kai thn ejafanish'', symplhrwnei o hqopoios.

    H nearh skhnoqetis Elenh Eyqymioy topoqetei th drash ths parastashs se ena sygxrono ghrokomeio, tonizontas toso thn antiqesh twn hlikiwn, oso kai thn idiaiterh atmosfaira toy ergoy. ``Yparxoyn sthn epoxh mas Kreontes kai Antigones;'' rwtame ton Stelio Maina. ``Shmera, oi koinwnies ypobastazontai me mpastoyni gia na staqoyn orqies, se ena aforhta zeon periballon poy myrizei shch kai stasimothta, opoy oi Kreontes exoyn ginei to apolyto zhtoymeno. Stis fobikes mas koinwnies, opoy h damokleios spaqh ths anergias, ths ejaqliwshs kai twn xrewn karadokei, den yparxei xwros kai mellon gia tis Antigones poy qa erqoyn. Eytyxws, omws, oi Antigones, einai eggegrammenes sto anqrwpino gonidiwma kai qa anaparagontai oso yparxoyn anqrwpoi, me thn idia syxnothta poy oi koinwnies qa anaparagoyn Kreontes, gia na krathqei ayth h isorropia, h aparaithth gia na synexisei na yparxei to anqrwpino eidos.....'', katalhgei.

    Epomenoi staqmoi ths parastashs einai to Qeatro Braxwn toy Byrwna stis 31 Aygoystoy, to Amfiqeatro Politismoy kai Aqlhtikoy Parkoy ths Neas Makrhs stis 6 Septembrioy, to Qeatro Petras stis 7 Septembrioy, to Khpoqeatro Papagoy stis 8 Septembrioy kai to Katrakeio ths Nikaias stis 11 Septembrioy.

    [07] Anakalyfqhkan ta arxaiotera (mikrobiaka) apoliqwmata sth Gh

    Aystraloi episthmones anakoinwsan oti anakalycan sthn perioxh Isoya ths notodytikhs Groilandias ta arxaiotera apoliqwmata zwntanwn organismwn (mikrobiwn) ston kosmo, ta opoia exoyn hlikia peripoy 3,7 disekatommyriwn etwn.

    An h xronologhsh einai ontws swsth - an kai den exoyn peisqei oloi oi episthmones peri aytoy- tote ta apoliqwmata ayta, ta arxaiotera ths zwhs ston planhth mas, exoyn hlikia megalyterh kata 220 ekatommyria xronia apo ayta poy ews twra qewroyntan pio palaia. Epipleon, enisxyetai h piqanothta kapote na yphrjan mikroorganismoi kai ston geitoniko planhth 'Arh, o opoios tote emoiaze arketa me th Gh.

    Oi ereynhtes, me epikefalhs ton gewlogo 'Alen Natman toy Panepisthmioy toy Goyolongkongk, poy ekanan th sxetikh dhmosieysh sto periodiko "Nature", anakalycan izhmatogeneis strwmatoliqoys, dhmioyrghmenoys apo thn apoliqwsh diadoxikwn strwmatwn mikroorganismwn, me ycos enos ews tessarwn ekatostwn, poy diathroyntan sto eswteriko petrwmatwn.

    Ta apoliqwmata -poy kapote apoteloysan mallon tmhma enos arxaioy byqoy- hlqan prosfata sto fws ejaitias ths thjhs twn pagwn sth Groilandia logw ths klimatikhs allaghs. Mia seira analysewn odhgei sto symperasma oti oi en logw strwmatoliqoi sxhmatisqhkan apo zwntanoys qalassioys mikroorganismoys. H sygkekrimenh perioxh ths Groilandias einai diashmh metajy twn gewepisthmonwn, epeidh ekei diathreitai to arxaiotero tmhma ths epifaneias toy planhth mas.

    H anakalych symbadizei me tis genetikes analyseis, poy topoqetoyn thn anadysh ths zwhs sth Gh prin apo peripoy tessera disekatommyria xronia. O planhths mas dhmioyrghqhke prin apo peripoy 4,6 disekatommyria xronia kai, afoy ypesth agrio bombardismo apo asteroeideis, kapoia stigmh egine pio filojenos gia thn anadysh ths zwhs.

    Oi arxaioi strwmatoliqoi, poy periexoyn disekatommyria apoliqwmena bakthria, einai spanioi kai oi pio gnwstoi briskontai sthn Akth twn Karxariwn sth dytikh Aystralia. Ekei akribws eixan breqei ta qewroymena ews shmera arxaiotera apoliqwmata, hlikias 3,48 disekatommyriwn etwn. Ta antistoixa ths Groilandias emfanizoyn ajioshmeiwth omoiothta me ta aystraliana. Oi episthmones den brhkan ta idia ta arxika mikrobia, alla mono ta ixnh poy ayta afhsan stoys strwmatoliqoys.

    Omws alloi eidikoi, opws o groilandikhs katagwghs kaqhghths gewlogias Minik Rozingk toy Moyseioy Fysikhs Istorias ths Danias, amfisbhtoyn thn xronologhsh twn 3,7 dis. etwn, qecwrwntas oti ta groilandika apoliqwmata einai poly neotera (tetoies diafwnies einai poly synhqismenes metajy twn gewlogwn kai twn palaiontologwn).

    [08] To poly alkool meiwnei th gonimothta twn gynaikwn

    An mia gynaika qelei na kanei paidi, kala qa kanei na periorisei thn katanalwsh alkool, an kai den xreiazetai kat' anagkh na apexei teleiws, symfwna me mia nea danikh episthmonikh ereyna.

    Oi gynaikes poy pinoyn panw apo 14 pota (merides alkool) thn ebdomada, dhladh kata meso oro toylaxiston dyo th mera, exoyn kata 18% mikroterh piqanothta na meinoyn egkyes. H posothta ayth antistoixei se toylaxiston dyo mpoykalia krasi thn ebdomada.

    H katanalwsh enos ews epta meridwn alkool thn ebdomada den fainetai na ephreazei kaqoloy th gynaikeia gonimothta, enw oyte to eidos toy alkooloyxoy potoy (krasi, mpira, botka k.a.) paizei rolo. Omws oi ereynhtes synesthsan stis gynaikes na mhn kanoyn peristasiakes kraipales me alkool, estw kai araia, giati ayto mporei na ephreasei arnhtika ton kyklo ths periodoy toys.

    Oi episthmones, me epikefalhs thn Elen Mikelsen toy Tmhmatos Klinikhs Epidhmiologias toy Panepisthmiakoy Nosokomeioy toy Wrxoys, poy ekanan th sxetikh dhmosieysh sto bretaniko iatriko periodiko British Medical Journal (BMJ), anelysan stoixeia gia 6.120 gynaikes hlikias 21 ews 45 etwn gia diasthma ennea etwn. Apo aytes, oi 4.210 emeinan egkyes, enw mono to 1,2% twn gynaikwn epinan panw apo 14 pota ebdomadiaiws.

    H meleth den elabe ypoch ths thn katanalwsh alkool apo toys syntrofoys twn gynaikwn, kati poy einai gnwsto oti ephreazei thn poiothta toy spermatos. An ena zeygari antimetwpizei megales dyskolies na piasei paidi, oi eidikoi systhnoyn na periorisoyn kai oi dyo drastika to alkool. Epishs, to embryo einai akrws eyalwto sto alkool kata tis prwtes ebdomades meta th syllhch.

    Stis aneptygmenes xwres peripoy ena sta tessera zeygaria (24%) antimetwpizoyn kapoio problhma ypogonimothtas, pragma poy praktika shmainei oti adynatoyn na kanoyn paidi meta apo prospaqeies toylaxiston enos etoys.

    [09] ``Den brhkame ejwghinoys'' lene twra oi Rwsoi astronomoi

    Oi filoi twn ejwghinwn qa prepei na kanoyn ligh akomh ypomonh, kaqws to shma poy ``epiase'' ena rwsiko radiothleskopio kai prokalese megalh ejach dieqnws tis teleytaies meres, fainetai pws exei ghinh proeleysh, opws paradexqhkan epishma oi idioi oi Rwsoi astronomoi.

    To shma, me ypotiqemenh proeleysh apo thn perioxh toy astroy HD 164595 se apostash 94 etwn fwtos apo th Gh, eixe anixneyqei perysi ton Maio apo to gigantio radiothleskopio RATAN-600 ston Kaykaso, alla egine molis pro hmerwn gnwsto sthn ypoloiph dieqnh koinothta. Ta thleskopia twn amerikanikwn programmatwn anazhthshs ejwghinhs nohmosynhs SETI kai Breakthrough, poy pyretwdws ``xtenisan'' th sygkekrimenh perioxh toy oyranoy tis teleytaies meres, apetyxan na ``piasoyn'' otidhpote.

    Twra, h astronomos Gioylia Sotnikoba toy Eidikoy Astrofysikoy Parathrhthrioy ths Rwsikhs Akadhmias Episthmwn anakoinwse oti ``h epejergasia kai h analysh toy shmatos apokalyce oti kata pasa piqanothta ayto exei ghinh proeleysh''. Prosqese epishs pws ``mporei na lexqei me bebaiothta oti kanena ejwghino shma den exei akoma anixneyqei''.

    To epimaxo radioshma, me mhkos kymatos 2,7 ekatostwn, einai piqano na prohlqe apo rwsiko stratiwtiko doryforo, kati poy eixe symbei kai kata th sobietikh epoxh, opws dhlwse sto rwsiko praktoreio TASS o Alejanter Ipatof, dieyqynths toy Institoytoy Efarmosmenhs Astronomias ths Rwsikhs Akadhmias Episthmwn, symfwna me to Space.com.

    Kai allo ``mpaleto'' ejwplanhtwn

    Astronomoi stis HPA anakalycan treis gigantioys ejwplanhtes gyrw apo ena diplo astriko systhma. Prokeitai gia dyo ``didyma'' astra poy moiazoyn poly me ton Hlio mas. Oi dyo planhtes periferontai gyrw apo to ena astro (HD 133131A) kai o tritos planhths gyrw apo to deytero astro (HD 133131B), se ena polyploko ``mpaleto''.

    Oi ereynhtes, me epikefalhs th Gioxana Teske toy Institoytoy Karnegki ths Oyasigkton, poy ekanan th sxetikh dhmosieysh sto periodiko astronomias "The Astronomical Journal", pragmatopoihsan thn anakalych me ta Maggelanika Thleskopia sto Asteroskopeio Las Kampanas sth Xilh.

    Oi treis ejwplanhtes einai peripoy diplasioi apo ton Dia, ton megalytero planhth toy hliakoy mas systhmatos. Ta dyo astra apexoyn metajy toys mono 360 astronomikes monades (mia tetoia monada isodynamei me thn apostash Ghs-Hlioy). H mikroterh apostash metajy astrwn se diplo astriko systhma me ejwplanhtes, poy eixe breqei mexri shmera, htan 1.000 astronomikes monades.

    [10] Ispania: Nees ekloges h proodeytikh kybernhsh;

    O yphresiakos prwqypoyrgos ths Ispanias Mariano Raxoi exase, opws htan anamenomeno, thn chfoforia gia thn paroxh chfoy empistosynhs sto koinoboylio, afoy den katafere na sygkentrwsei eparkh yposthrijh apo ta kommata ths antipoliteyshs.

    To gegonos ayto shmainei oti h xwra odeyei pros th diejagwgh tritwn boyleytikwn eklogwn mesa se ena etos. An den breqei kapoia lysh mesa stoys epomenoys dyo mhnes to koinoboylio qa dialyqei aytomatws stis 31 Oktwbrioy kai qa prokhryxqoyn nees boyleytikes ekloges oi opoies qa diejaxqoyn piqanotata anhmera ta Xristoygenna.

    O Raxoi, o hgeths toy synthrhtikoy Laikoy Kommatos (PP) ejasfalise 170 chfoys sto 350meles koinoboylio, eji ligoteres ap' oses xreiazotan prokeimenoy na sxhmatisei kybernhsh.

    To kentrwo, fileleyqero komma Ciudadanos kai ena mikro topiko komma twn Kanariwn Nhswn toy pareixan thn chfo toys, omws oi Sosialistes (PSOE), h aristerh symmaxia Unidos Podemos kai ta topika kommata ths Xwras twn Baskwn kai ths Katalonias ton katachfisan.


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