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Athens Macedonian News Agency: News in English, 13-03-06

Athens News Agency: News in English Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Athens News Agency at <http://www.ana.gr/>

CONTENTS

  • [01] 23rd World Congress of Philosophy to take place in Athens

  • [01] 23rd World Congress of Philosophy to take place in Athens

    AMNA/ The 23rd World Congress of Philosophy will take place in Athens in August, organised by the Hellenic Philosophical Society.

    The inaugural session will be held on August 4 at the site of the 4th century BC Lyceum of Aristotle, which was discovered in downtown Athens 17 years ago, while the Congress will run through August 10.

    The World Congress of Philosophy is a global meeting of philosophers held every five years in a different country under the auspices of the International Federation of Philosophical Societies(FISP).

    First organized in 1900, these events became firmly established after the Second World War. Each World Congress is sponsored by one of the member societies, which assumes responsibility for the organization of that Congress.

    The purpose of these events is to contribute to the development of professional relations between philosophers of all countries, promote philosophical education, and contribute to the impact of philosophical knowledge on global problems.

    The Lyceum of Aristotle

    The Lyceum, named after its 6th century BC sanctuary to Apollo Lyceus (the "wolf-god", from the word "lykos", or wolf), had long been a place of philosophical discussion and debate, and had had been the meeting place of the Athenian assembly before the establishment of a permanent meeting area on Pnyx hill in the 5th century BC.

    But the Lyceum is mostly renowned for the philosophical school founded there by Aristotle upon his return to Athens in 335 BC after being the private tutor of the then young prince Alexander of Macedon, the future Alexander the Great, since 343 BC.

    After his return to Athens in 335 BC and up to his death in 322 BC, Aristotle rented some buildings in the Lyceum and established a school there where he lectured, wrote most of his philosophical treatises and dialogues, and systematically collected books that comprised the first library in European history. Since Aristotle liked to walk around the grounds as he lectured, surrounded by his students, the philosophical school he founded was called Peripatetic (from 'peripatos', which means stroll or walkabout in Greek).

    Situated just outside the walls of ancient Athens, the Lyceum was brutally sacked and razed to the ground by the Roman general Lucius Cornelius Sulla in 86 BC, but was later rebuilt.

    The site's location remained unknown for centuries until it was rediscovered in 1996 during excavations for Athens' new Museum of Modern Art.


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