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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 02-11-21

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Hmera Enoplwn Dynamewn
  • [02] Apallagh mhxanikwn apo thn kathgoria apeiqeias
  • [03] Blabes se aeroskafh ths OA
  • [04] Prosoxh: Ekteloyntai erga
  • [05] Enarjh ths Synodoy Koryfhs toy NATO
  • [06] Neos kyklos aimatos sth Mesh Anatolh
  • [07] Seismos 5,5 Rixter sto Kasmir
  • [08] Ishmerinos: Ekrhjh se apoqhkh pyromaxikwn
  • [09] India: Anatroph lewforeioy me 30 nekroys
  • [10] Ektelesh barypoinith sto Tejas
  • [11] Pyrkagia estiatorioy MacDonald's sth S. Arabia
  • [12] Pagkosmia Hmera Thleorashs
  • [13] ''Aqraysta'' mpiskota me ...nomismata

    [01] Hmera Enoplwn Dynamewn

    21/11/2002 9:17:00 pm

    Fwto arxeioy

    Stis ekdhlwseis ths Hmeras twn Enoplwn Dynamewn poy eortazetai shmera, 21 Noembrioy, qa parastei o Proedros ths Dhmokratias Kwnstantinos Stefanopoylos. Dojologia sthn Mhtropolh Aqhnwn pragmatopoieitai apo to prwi, paroysia toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias, enw stis 11:00 qa kataqesei stefani sto mnhmeio toy Agnwstoy Stratiwth kai stis 18:30 to apogeyma qa pareyreqei se eidikh teleth sthn Palaia Boylh.

    [02] Apallagh mhxanikwn apo thn kathgoria apeiqeias

    21/11/2002 10:26:00 pm

    Aphllaxqhkan apo to peiqarxiko symboylio toy YPEXWDE oi dyo mhxanikoi toy ypoyrgeioy apo thn kathgoria ths ejairetikhs apeiqeias poy toys eixe apaggelqei, meta tis prosfates plhmmyres ston Khfiso. Wstoso, h peiqarxikh diadikasia synexizetai kai ws pros to allo adikhma, ekeino ths ameleias, kai hdh oristhke dikastikos anakriths, o opoios symfwna me to nomo einai ypallhlos toy ypoyrgeioy, gia na syntajei sxetiko porisma. H olh diadikasia qa oloklhrwqei entos 20 hmerwn.

    [03] Blabes se aeroskafh ths OA

    21/11/2002 8:53:00 pm

    Dyo xtesinobradines pthseis ths OA mia apo th Nea Yorkh kai mia apo to Mantsester ths Agglias, den pragmatopoihqhkan, kaqws paroysiasthkan texnika problhmata sta aeroskafh. Oi epibates ths pthshs apo Nea Yorkh eite prowqhqhkan sthn Aqhna mesw Parisioy, eite qa tajidecoyn me thn epomenh pthsh ths Olympiakhs poy anaxwrei stis 11 apoce apo Nea Yorkh. H pthsh apo to Mantsester anamenetai na ftasei sthn Aqhna peripoy stis 12 to meshmeri kai efoson episkeyastei h blabh toy aeroskafoys.

    [04] Prosoxh: Ekteloyntai erga

    20/11/2002 11:52:00 mm

    Kleisth qa parameinei h Attikh odos apo tis 11 to prwi shmera ws tis pente to apogeyma apo ton kombo ths Metamorfwshs ws th Lewforo Kymhs logw ekteleshs ergwn. Oi odhgoi qa prepei na einai idiaitera prosektikoi, enw h kykloforia twn oxhmatwn gia to diasthma ayto qa diejagetai apo parakampthrioys dromoys.

    [05] Enarjh ths Synodoy Koryfhs toy NATO

    21/11/2002 11:07:00 pm

    Drakonteia einai ta metra asfaleias sthn Praga, opoy arxisan prin apo ligo oi ergasies ths Synodoy Koryfhs toy NATO me omilia toy g.g. ths Symmaxias, lordoy Rompertson kai xairetismo toy proedroy ths Tsexias Baslab Xabel. Sthn prwteyoysa ths Tsexias exoyn fqasei oi perissoteroi apo toys hgetes twn 19 kratwn melwn ths Atlantikhs Symmaxias, metajy twn opoiwn kai o Ellhnas prwqypoyrgos, Kwstas Shmiths. Basika qemata ths Synodoy einai h dhmioyrgia polyeqnikhs dynamhs taxeias anaptyjhs, kaqws kai h dieyrynsh toy NATO me alles epta xwres, enw epi taphtos anamenetai na teqei kai h krish toy Irak.

    Prosklhsh stis pros entajh xwres

    Kata thn enarjh twn ergasiwn, o lordos Rompertson aphyqyne prosklhsh ek meroys twn "19" sth Letonia, th Liqoyania, thn Esqonia, th Slobakia, th Slobenia, th Boylgaria kai th Roymania na entaxqoyn sth Symmaxia. Prokeitai gia th deyterh dieyrynsh toy NATO pros anatolas meta thn eisdoxh ths Tsexias kai ths Oyggarias to 1999.

    Qa akoloyqhsei synedriash se epipedo arxhgwn kratwn kai kybernhsewn gia ta qemata ths Symmaxias, kaqws kai omilia toy proedroy ths Konoboyleytikhs Syneleyshs toy NATO.

    To meshmeri oi ergasies ths synodoy qa synexistoyn me tria parallhla geymata ergasias. Sto prwto qa parakaqisoyn oi arxhgoi kratwn kai kybernhsewn, sto deytero oi ypoyrgoi Ejwterikwn kai sto trito oi ypoyrgoi Amynas. Meta th lhjh toy geymatos qa akoloyqhsoyn synenteyjeis Typoy, enw to brady problepetai epishmo deipno, sto opoio qa parateqei sto Kastro ths Pragas.

    Filikes syzhthseis Shmith-Mpoys-Sezer

    Apo ellhnikhs pleyras anamenetai na teqei kai to Kypriako.

    Sto periqwrio ths Synodoy o prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Shmiths, eixe thn eykairia xqes na synanthqei gia peripoy mish wra me toys proedroys twn HPA kai ths Toyrkias.

    Oi syzhthseis toy k. Shmith me toys k.k Mpoys kai Sezer htan filikes kai aforoysan thn Ellada kai thn prooptikh ths kai to pws o proedros Mpoys blepei th xwra mas.

    Sto epishmo deipno poy pareqese o proedros ths Tsexias, o prwqypoyrgos eixe oysiastikh politikh syzhthsh me ton kagkelario ths Germanias, Gkerxarnt Srenter kai toys prwqypoyrgoys ths Bretanias kai ths Italias, Toni Mpler kai Silbio Mperloyskoni.

    Oi treis hgetes enhmerwsan ton k. Shmith gia tis qeseis ths Toyrkias gia to Kypriako kai ton Eyrwstrato, alla kai gia thn epidiwjh ths na ejasfalisei hmeromhnia enarjhs entajiakwn diapragmateysewn sth synodo koryfhs ths Kopegxaghs.

    Telos, o prwqypoyrgos jekaqarise oti h stash ths Elladas sto qema ayto syndeetai me th stash poy qa thrhsei h Toyrkia enanti twn protasewn Anan gia to Kypriako kai sto qema toy Eyrwstratoy.

    Ti zhtoyn oi HPA

    Oi Hnwmenes Politeies elpizoyn oti h dihmerh diaskech koryfhs toy NATO poy arxizei shmera sthn Praga qa yioqethsei mia diakhryjh yposthrijhs pros thn teleytaia apofash twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn h opoia zhtei apo to Irak na katastrecei ta opla mazikhs katastrofhs poy diaqetei, opws dhlwse shmera o ekproswpos toy Leykoy Oikoy Ari Flaiser, o opoios synodeyei ton proedro Mpoys sthn tsexikh prwteyoysa.

    O ekproswpos dieykrinise pantws oti o Tzortz Mpoys den zhta apo thn Symmaxia na desmeyqei oti qa labei stratiwtika metra gia na ejanagkasei ton Santam na efarmosei thn apofash toy OHE, oyte na apeilhsei me alla metra, ean h apofash ayth den ginei sebasth apo th Bagdath.

    Apo thn pleyra ths, h Gallia eixe katasthsei safes oti den einai diateqeimenh na proxwrhsei pera apo mia diakhryjh yposthrijhs ths apofashs 1441 toy Symboylioy Asfaleias, ypenqymizontas oti tassetai kata opoiasdhpote apofashs qa proeblepe th symbolh toy NATO se mia endexomenh stratiwtikh epiqesh kata toy Irak.

    O Amerikanos proedros katesthse safes oti oi HPA den qa proxwrhsoyn se endexomenh epiqesh kata toy Irak xwris prohgoymenws na symboyleytoyn toys symmaxoys toys. Parolo poy o afoplismos toy Irak den apotelei ena apo ta epishma qemata ths atzentas ths Synodoy, anamenetai na episkiasei tis synomilies gia dieyrynsh.

    Se asfyktiko kloio h Praga

    Thn idia wra, prwtofanh einai ta metra asfaleias poy exoyn lhfqei sthn tsexikh prwteyoysa, kaqws exoyn epistrateyqei sxedon 15.000 astynomikoi, stratiwtes kai melh twn eidikwn dynamewn. Epishs, amerikanika maxhtika aeroskafh typoy F-15 kai F-16 qa pragmatopoioyn pthseis panw apo ton enaerio xwro ths Tsexias kaqws ta aeroskafh poy diaqetei h tsexikh polemikh aeroporia kriqhkan akatallhla gia thn prostasia twn synedrwn.

    Kata th diarkeia ths synodoy, den qa pragmatopoihqoyn emporikes pthseis, enw gia thn apofygh twn epeisodiwn h kybernhsh ths Tsexias proteine stoys polites ths Pragas na egkataleicoyn thn polh kai na metaboyn sthn ypaiqro.

    [06] Neos kyklos aimatos sth Mesh Anatolh

    21/11/2002 11:22:00 pm

    Me eisbolh armatwn maxhs sth Bhqleem apantoyn oi Israhlinoi sth nea epiqesh aytoktonias poy sygklonise stis 7 to prwi thn Ieroysalhm, afhnontas toylaxiston 11 nekroys, symperilambanomenoy kai toy 23xronoy kamikazi, kai 45 traymaties, otan katamesto lewforeio ejerragh enw ekteloyse dromologio apo to proastio Kiriat Menaxem pros to kentro ths polhs. Metajy twn qymatwn einai kai polloi maqhtes poy phgainan sto sxoleio toys. "Den menoyn pia periqwria syzhthshs epi toy eirhneytikoy sxedioy gia to Mesanatoliko", proeidopoiei ekproswpos toy israhlinoy ypoyrgeioy Ejwterikwn. Katadikh ths epiqeshs aytoktonias apo thn Palaistiniakh Arxh.

    Amesh antidrash toy Israhl

    Epeigoyses synomilies me toys ypeyqynoys asfaleias eixe shmera to prwi o Israhlinos prwqypoyrgos Ariel Saron kaqws to Israhl anamenetai na "antidrasei amesws" meta thn epiqesh aytoktonias sth dytikh Ieroysalhm, dhlwse ekproswpos toy prwqypoyrgikoy grafeioy sthn Ieroysalhm.

    Opws dhlwse o ekproswpos toy prwqypoyrgikoy grafeioy, Raanan Gkisin, o Saron eixe synomilia me ton ypoyrgo Amynas, Saoyl Mofaz kai hdh doqhkan ston strato oi katallhles odhgies, dixws na apokalycei to periexomeno twn diatagwn. Symfwna me ton Gkisin, drasths ths shmerinhs epiqeshs aytoktonias se lewforeio sth Dytikh Ieroysalhm htan enas Palaistinios apo th Bhqleem. "O israhlinos stratos eixe egkataleicei thn polh ayth ton perasmeno Aygoysto kai h shmerinh epiqesh htan h apanthsh sthn xeironomia ayth toy Israhl" prosqese o idios.

    O israhlinos ypoyrgos Eswterikhs Asfaleias, Oyzi Lantaoy zhthse thn amesh sygklhsh toy ypoyrgikoy symboylioy.

    Apo thn pleyra toy, o epikefalhs twn Palaistiniwn diapragmateytwn, Saemp Erekat, katadikase thn shmerinh epiqesh aytoktonias. "Katadikazoyme ayth thn epiqesh poy prokalese ton qanato toswn Israhlinwn politwn, opws katadikazoyme kaqe fora ton qanato amaxwn eite prokeitai gia Israhlinoys eite gia Palaistinioys", dhlwse o Erekat sto CNN.

    Eperrice pantws thn eyqynh ston Israhlino prwqypoyrgo gia th synexish ths bias, yposthrizontas oti h israhlinh kybernhsh exei kleisei ton dromo stis eirhneytikes synomilies apo tote poy anelabe thn ejoysia edw kai 20 mhnes. "H kybernhsh Saron akoloyqei ton dromo ths plhroys anakatalhchs ths Dytikhs Oxqhs" dhlwse o Erekat.

    ''O Arafat ypeyqynos gia thn epiqesh''

    Ekproswpos ths astynomias dhlwse oti o kamikazi anatinaxthke mprosta apo to lewforeio th stigmh poy dihrxeto apo th synoikia Kiriat Menaxem, sth dytikh Ieroysalhm. ''O kamikazi htan zwsmenos me megalh posothta ekrhktikwn ta opoia energopoihse th stigmh poy to lewforeio pernoyse apo mprosta toy'', prosqese o idios.

    O dhmarxos ths Ieroysalhm, Exoynt Olmert, milwntas sto CNN, eperrice thn eyqynh gia thn epiqesh ston Palaistinio hgeth Giaser Arafat. ''O Arafat einai amesa ypeyqynos gia thn epiqesh, kaqws o idios exei dwsei ton tono. Kaqhmerina yparxoyn dekades synagermoi gia epiqeseis, oi perissoteres ek twn opoiwn apotrepontai'', tonise o Olmert prosqetontas pws ''oi tromokrates synexizoyn ton polemo enantion mas kai prepei na maqoyme na zoyme oso pio fysiologika ginetai me ayton ton kindyno'' .

    Kammia organwsh den exei analabei mexri stigmhs thn eyqynh gia thn epiqesh, alla anwtato stelexos ths Xamas dhlwse sto thleoptiko diktyo Al Tzazira oti oi epiqeseis aytoktonias qa prepei na synexistoyn.

    "Aytes oi epiqeseis prepei na synexistoyn. Den yparxei logos na stamathsoyn. H megalh pleiochfia toy palaistiniakoy laoy blepei eynoika tetoies epiqeseis", proeidopoihse o Ampntel Aziz al Rantisi, ajiwmatoyxos ths Xamas.

    H synoikia opoy ekdhlwqhke h epiqesh aytoktonias brisketai konta sthn perifereia ths aytonomhs palaistiniakhs polhs Bhqleem, opoy ligo meta eisebalan israhlina armata maxhs.

    Prokeitai gia thn trith anti-israhlinh epiqesh aytoktonias tis teleytaies 11 hmeres. Stis 10 Noembrioy, Palaistinios enoplos eisebale se kimpoytz sto boreio Israhl kai skotwse pente atoma, metajy twn opoiwn kai dyo paidia 4 kai 5 etwn. Stis 15 Noembrioy ,enoploi Palaistinioi epiteqhkan enantion ebraiwn epoikwn kai Israhlinwn stratiwtwn sthn Xebrwna me apotelesma na skotwqoyn ennia atoma.

    Eisbolh Israhlinwn armatwn sth Lwrida ths Gazas

    Polles dekades teqwrakismena toy israhlinoy stratoy eisebalan arga to brady ths Tetarths se tesseris topoqesies sth Lwrida ths Gazas, opws egine gnwsto apo phgh proskeimenh sthn palaistiniakh yphresia asfaleias. Peripoy dwdeka armata mphkan arxika sthn koinothta Al Karara, sthn kentrikh Lwrida ths Gazas. Oi israhlines dynameis, synodeyomenes apo dyo mpoylntozes, proxwrhsan sxedon ena xiliometro mesa sthn aytonomh palaistiniakh zwnh.

    Sth synexeia saranta armata, yposthrizomena apo monades toy pezikoy kai dyo maxhtika elikoptera katelaban treis topoqesies sta anatolika toy Xan Gioynes, sth notia Lwrida ths Gazas.

    Oi israhlines dynameis ekanan ereynes gia ton entopismo ypoptwn kai oplwn. Enas ekproswpos toy stratoy epibebaiwse th diejagwgh twn epixeirhsewn aytwn, xwris na ypeiselqei se perissoteres leptomereies.

    [07] Seismos 5,5 Rixter sto Kasmir

    21/11/2002 8:24:00 pm

    Seismikh donhsh megeqoys 5,5 baqmwn ths klimakas Rixter shmeiwqhke shmera to prwi sto Kasmir, metedwsan ta Indika eidhseografika praktoreia. O seismos shmeiwqhke stis 03:02 topikh wra (23:32 ths Tetarths, wra Elladas), symfwna me th metewrologikh yphresia ths Indias. To amerikaniko eqniko kentro plhroforhshs gia toys seismoys anefere oti h donhsh htan megeqoys 5,8 baqmwn kai proerxotan apo apostash 155 xiliometrwn boreiws toy Srinagkar, ths prwteyoysas toy Kasmir. Den yparxoyn mexri stigmhs plhrofories gia qymata h ylikes zhmies.

    [08] Ishmerinos: Ekrhjh se apoqhkh pyromaxikwn

    21/11/2002 8:02:00 pm

    Fwto arxeioy

    Pente anqrwpoi skotwqhkan kai perissoteroi apo 200 traymatisthkan apo thn ekrhjh poy shmeiwqhke se apoqhkh pyromaxikwn toy stratoy ston Ishmerino. H ekrhjh egine stis 4 to apogeyma ths Tetarths (23:00 wra Elladas) sto stratopedo ths tajiarxias Gkalapagkos ths polhs Riompampa twn Andewn, opws anaferetai se anakoinwsh toy stratoy. Dyo stratiwtes kai treis polites exasan th zwh toys.

    O ypoyrgos Eswterikwn Rontolfo Mparniol epibebaiwse sto praktoreio Reuters oti oi nekroi polites einai treis.

    O Eryqros Stayros anefere apo thn pleyra toy oti prosefere tis prwtes bohqeies se 150 atoma poy eixan traymatistei kyriws apo tzamia poy espasan logw ths ekrhjhs sthn perioxh gyrw apo th stratiwtikh bash.

    Symfwna me to Galliko Praktoreio, poy epikaleitai stratiwtikh phgh, oi traymaties endexetai na jeperasoyn toys 300.

    Oi ekrhjeis synexizontan gia polles wres me apotelesma oi diaswstes na dyskoleyontai na plhsiasoyn thn perioxh.

    H ekproswpos toy Eryqroy Stayroy, Monika Menentes, eipe oti agnwstos ariqmos politwn apomakrynqhkan apo tis esties toys enw symfwna me to dhmarxo ths polhs, Fernanto Gkerero, se orismenes perioxes ths polhs diakophkan h hlektrodothsh kai oi thlefwnikes epikoinwnies.

    [09] India: Anatroph lewforeioy me 30 nekroys

    21/11/2002 8:26:00 pm

    Peripoy trianta epibates enos lewforeioy exasan th zwh toys kai alloi 27 traymatisthkan, otan to oxhma jefyge apo thn poreia toy kai tylixthke stis floges sto kratidio Mantia Prantes ths Indias, metedwse to eidhseografiko praktoreio RTI epikaloymeno epishmes phges. To dystyxhma shmeiwqhke konta sto xwrio Maneri, peripoy 800 xiliometra notioanatolika toy Neoy Delxi.

    ''To lewforeio anatraphke kai ena doxeio me petrelaio poy htan topoqethmeno pisw apo to kaqisma toy odhgoy prokalese thn pyrkagia'', anefere sto praktoreio enas anwtatos ajiwmatoyxos ths astynomias.

    Symfwna me mia plhroforia poy metedwse to thleoptiko kanali BBC World News aytoptes martyres eipan oti to lewforeio ekane tet-a-ke otan eskase ena apo ta lastixa toy.

    Polla apo ta qymata kahkan se tetoio baqmo poy den htan dynaton na diapistwqei o akribhs ariqmos twn nekrwn.

    Oi traymaties metaferqhkan se nosokomeia ths geitonikhs polhs Tzampalpoyr.

    [10] Ektelesh barypoinith sto Tejas

    21/11/2002 8:18:00 pm

    Enas andras poy eixe skotwsei treis anqrwpoys, to 1988, qewrwntas toys ypeyqynoys, epeidh katadikasthke gia sejoyalikh kakopoihsh anhlikoy, ektelesthke thn Tetarth sto Tejas. O Oyiliam Tsapel, 66 etwn, htan o ghraioteros anqrwpos poy ekteleitai sthn Politeia ayth meta thn epanafora ths qanatikhs poinhs, prin apo eikosi xronia. Htan o 31os qanatopoiniths poy ektelesthke fetos sto Tejas kai o 287os apo to 1982. O Tsapel eixe askhsei efesh kai eixe afeqei eleyqeros gia thn ypoqesh ths kakopoihshs otan dolofonhse thn Marqa Lintsei, thn Alejantra Xiq kai ton Elmpert Siton sto Fort Goyoq toy Tejas.

    H Lintsei htan h giagia, h Xiq h qeia kai o Siton o pappoys toy trixronoy koritsioy poy feretai na kakopoihse o Tsapel, o opoios eixe orkistei na ekdikhqei thn oikogeneia.

    Oi dyo gynaikes pyrobolhqhkan sto proswpo enw htan japlwmenes sto krebati toys, enw o Siton pyrobolhqhke eji fores. Prin peqanei omws prolabe na dwsei sthn astynomia thn perigrafh toy andra poy ton pyrobolhse. O Tsapel pisteyetai oti prospaqhse na kacei to spiti ths Lintsei.

    O 66xronos odhghqhke sthn ektelesh diadhlwnontas thn aqwothta toy toso gia toys fonoys oso kai gia thn kakopoihsh, yposthrizontas oti h ejetash toy DNA qa apodeiknye ta legomena toy.

    ''Jerw oti pisteyete pws to ekana kai eimai sigoyros oti gia sas einai yperoxo'', eipe stoys syggeneis twn qymatwn, demenos sto krebati sthn aiqoysa ektelesewn.

    ''Omws na jerete, eginan dyo ejetaseis DNA kai kamia den tairiaze sto diko moy. Hqela na ginei trith, omws den egine pote. Me dolofoneite kai sas lypamai'' anefere, protrepontas toys na pane sthn ekklhsia kai na zhthsoyn sygxwresh.

    [11] Pyrkagia estiatorioy MacDonald's sth S. Arabia

    21/11/2002 11:44:00 pm

    Sth Saoydikh Arabia, estiatorio ths amerikanikhs alysidas MacDonald's katastrafhke olosxerws apo pyrkagia poy prokalese enoplos konta se amerikanikh aeroporikh bash. Ekklhseis gia mpoikotaz amerikanikwn proiontwn kai estiatoriwn ginontai syxna sthn arabikh xwra, kyriws meta tis epiqeseis ths 11hs Septembrioy toy 2001, poy epeferan ''pagwma'' twn sxesewn metajy Riant kai Oyasingkton. H Saoydikh Arabia einai h xwra katagwghs twn 15 apo toys 19 aeropeirates poy eyqynontai gia tis epiqeseis.

    [12] Pagkosmia Hmera Thleorashs

    21/11/2002 11:49:00 pm

    H shmerinh hmera einai afierwmenh sthn Thleorash. H hmera ayth giortazetai gia na enqarrynei tis sfairikes antallages twn thleoptikwn programmatwn, idiaitera ekeinwn poy estiazontai sthn eirhnh, sthn asfaleia, sthn oikonomia kai thn koinwnikh anaptyjh kaqws kai thn ayjhsh twn politistikwn antallagwn.

    O P. Nipkow o efeyreths ths thleorashs

    O Nipkow htan germanos fysikos alla kai prwtoporos ths thleorashs.

    O Nipkow dhmioyrghse mia peristrefomenh fwtografikh mhxanh diskwn anixneyshs apokaloymenh Nipkow disko kai mia syskeyh analyshs eikonas, poy apotelesthke apo enan grhgora peristrefomeno disko poy topoqeteitai metajy mias skhnhs kai enos fwtoeyaisqhtoy stoixeioy selhnioy. H eikona eixe mono 18 grammes analysh.

    Ton Dekembrio toy 1883 ekane thn skech enos tropoy gia na stalei mia kinoymenh eikona apo to kalwdio. Hjere oti mia oysia apokaloymenh selhnio afhnei perissoterh hlektrikh energeia na perasei mesa sto fws para sto skotadi.

    Skefthke oti qa mporoyse na xrhsimopoihsei ayto to gegonos gia na metatrecei mia eikona se ena hlektriko shma.

    O Nipkow hjere oti ola ta pragmata poy blepoyme apoteloyntai apo tis diaforetikes skies toy fwtos kai toy skotadioy.

    To mono poy xreiasthke htan kapoios tropos na xwristei mia eikona, opws mia fwtografia, sta shmeia toy fwtos kai toy skotadioy.

    Istoria ths thleorashs

    H "prwth" genia twn thleoptikwn synolwn den htan ej oloklhroy hlektronikh. H paroysiash (oqonh TV) eixe mia mikrh mhxanh me enan peristrefomeno disko kai enan lampthra neoy, oi opoioi leitoyrghsan mazi gia na dwsoyn mia moytzoyrwmenh kokkinoportokalia eikona gia to miso megeqos mias epixeirhsiakhs kartas.

    1831:Sth Megalh Bretania, Michael Faraday kai Joseph Henry peiramatizontai me ton hlektromagnhtismo poy parexei th bash gia thn ereyna sthn hlektrikh epikoinwnia.

    1844: O Samuel Mors deixnei dhmosia ton thlegrafo gia prwth fora.

    1862:O italos fysikos, Abbe Giovanni Caselli, einai o prwtos poios stelnei tis staqeres eikones pera apo mia megalh thlefwnikh apostash, xrhsimopoiwntas ena systhma poy kalei "pantelegraph".

    1873: Dyo aggloi mhxanikoi thlegrafwn, o May kai o Smith, peiramatizontai me to selhnio kai to fws prokeimenoy na doqei stoys efeyretes enas tropos tis eikones sta hlektrika shmata.

    1875: O Sir Joseph John Thomson diabibazei mesw kaqodikwn aktinwn asyrmata shmata.

    1876: O Alexander Graham Bell efeyriskei to thlefwno.

    1880: O Georg Carey xtizei ena stoixeiwdes systhma xrhsimopoiwntas tis dwdekades twn mikroskopikwn fwtoeyaisqhtwn kyttarwn selhnioy.

    1884: Sth Germania, o Paul Nipkow einai aytos poy eftiaje prwtos mhxaniko systhma thleoptikhs anixneyshs, poy apoteleitai apo enan disko me mia speira twn trypwn. Otan o diskos peristrefotane to anqrwpino mati qolwne se ola ta shmeia gia na anadhmioyrghsei mia plhrh eikona

    1886:O Oberlin Smith anakalyce thn arxh ths magnhtikhs katagrafhs.

    1887: O Hertz stelnei kai lambanei radio kymata.

    1889:H tainia poy aneptyje o Eastman kai h fwtografikh mhxanh poy aneptyje o Edison bohqhsan ston na ftiaxtei to prwto systhma tainiwn.

    1895:O Italos fysikos Guglielmo Marconi anaptyssei th radio -thlegrafia kai metadidei ton kwdika Mors apo to radiofwno gia prwth fora.

    1896: H etairia KODAK anaptyssei thn prwth kinoymenh eikona poy sxediasthke gia probolh

    1897:O Karl o Ferdinand Braun , germanos fysikos, efeyriskei ton prwto swlhna kaqodikwn aktinwn, o opoios apotelei th bash olwn twn sygxronwn thleoptikwn fwtografikwn mhxanwn kai twn dektwn.

    1898: O Poulsen dhmioyrghse tis arxes gia thn magnhtikh eggrafh.

    1900: - O David Sarnoff metanasteyei stis HPA apo th Rwsia se hlikia 9. O kaqhghths toy Reginald A.Fessenden metaferei thn omilia xwris kalwdia

    1901: O Guglielmo Marconi metaferei ena shma toy kwdika Mors pera apo ton Atlantiko Wkeano.

    1904: O Sir John Ambrose Fleming ergasthke sto pedio ths radiotexnologias kai anakalyce ergasthke sto pedio ths radio texnologias. Anakalyce thn epidrash diorqwshs.

    1906:O Lee Deforest anaptyssei to "Audion", enan keno swlhna ikano gia ta shmata, pragma poy qa ferei thn hlektronikh epanastash. Epishs to idio etos, Boris Rosing apo thn Rwsias anaptyssei ena systhma poy syndyazei thn aktina kaqodwn me enan disko Nipkow, dhmioyrgwntas pagkosmiws to prwto systhma leitoyrgias gia th thleorash

    1907:O Boris Rosing sth Rwsia kai A.A.Campbell-Swinton sthn Agglia anaptyssoyn taytoxrona tis meqodoys anaparagwghs eikonas xrhsimopoiwntas thn hlektronikh anixneysh.

    1908: O hlektrologos mhxanikos A.A.Campbell-Swinton, dhmosieyei ena hlektroniko thleoptiko systhma poy xrhsimopoiei enan swlhna kaqodikwn aktinwn kai gia to dekth kai gia th kamera.

    1909: O Charles Herrold kanei thn prwth epityxh radiofwnikh metadosh sto San Jose Calling

    1910:Qespisthke o prwtos omospondiakos nomos epikoinwnias, o asyrmatos nomos skafwn.

    1913: O Edison xrhsimopoihse gia prwth fora th diamantenia belona sto prwto fwnografo sthn Amberola.

    1915: To prwto systhma radio- thlefwnikhs epikoinwnias kataskeyasthke apo ton Bell Labs

    1918: O Armstrong efeyriskei to ypereterodyno dekth.

    1919:O Hoxie anaptyssei ton hxo mesa se kinoymenh eikona

    1922: O Farnsworth ereyna thn hlektronikh metadosh eikonas.

    1923: Vladimir Zworykin katoxyrwnei me diplwma eyresitexnias to Eikonoskopio, mia lyxnia hlektronikhs kameras. Mexri to telos toy 1923 exei paragagei kai enan swlhna paroysiashs eikonwn, to "Kinhskopeio".

    1924: O John Logie Baird einai o prwtos poy ekpempei mia kinoymenh figoyra, xrhsimopoiwntas ena mhxaniko systhma basismeno sto montelo toy P. Nipkow

    1925: O John Logie Baird lambanei thn prwth akribh thleoptikh eikona, kai o Vladimir Zworykin pairnei to prwto diplwma eyresitexnias gia thn egxrwmh thleorash, an kai ta hlektronika systhmata xrwmatos den anaptyssontai plhrws mexri 25 eth argotera. - O Rice kai o Kellogg anaptyssoyn to prwto praktiko megafwno.

    1926:John Logie Baird dinei thn prwth epityxh dhmosia epideijh ths mhxanikhs thleorashs sto ergasthrio toy sto Londino. O Alexanderson anaptyssei to systhma diskwn anixneyshs thleorashs.

    1927: O Farnsworth ekpempei thn prwth hlektronikh eikona thleorashs poy efarmosthke gia to diplwma eyresitexnias sthn hlektronikh thleorash. Sta thlefwnika ergasthria Bell egine epideijh asyrmaths thleorashs metajy Oyasigkton kai Neas Yorkhs sth prwth pagkosmia thleoptikh metadosh logoy kai ekpomphs makras diarkeias

    1928:Kaqierwqhke h Omospondiakh epitroph Asyrmatwn Ekpompwn O Pfleumer katoxyrwnei th magnhtikh tainia me diplwma eyresitexnias. O John Logie Baird ekpempei diabibazei eikones toy apo to Londinoy sth Nea Yorkh mesw braxewn kymatwn -Prosteqhke hxos stis kinoymenes eikones h ``Omiloyses tainies gennhqhkan''

    1929: O Zworykin kanei epideijh toy ejoloklhroy hlektronikoy systhmatos thleorashs -Sto Londino, John Logie Baird anoigei to prwto pagkosmio thleoptiko, alla mporei atexnes kai apotomes eikones . Entoytois, h thleoptikh eikona toy Baird epedrase elaxista sthn optikh plhroforia, einai dynath h ekpomph toys apo kanonikwn kymatwn radiopompoys.

    1930:To BBC arxizei thn kanonikh thleoptikh metadosh. O Farnsworth phre to diplwma eyresitexnias dektwn gia epejergasia eikonas sth syskeyh epanalhcewn.

    1931: Oi mhxanikoi ths AEG jekinhsan na ergazontai sto magnhtofwno eggrafhs.

    1932: O Langmuir diejagei thn ereyna gia th fysh aerioy poy periexetai mesa ston kaqodiko swlhna

    To NBC arxizei tis peiramatikes thleoptikes ekpompes.

    O Schroter perigrafei th meqodo eggrafhs eikonwn sth magnhtikh tainia.

    1934:Idryetai to amoibaio systhma radiofwnikhs anametadoshs - Anaptyssetai o swlhnas ths kameras orqikwn

    Prwtes thleoptikes ekpompes se Germania kai Agglia

    H AEG kai h Telefunken paragei to swlhna toy magnhtofwnoy eggrafhs H Germania jekinaei thn prwth pagkosmia yphresia thleoptikwn tainiwn treis fores thn ebdomada

    H Gallia arxizei tis prwtes kanonikes metadoseis ths apo thn koryfh toy pyrgoy toy Aifel.

    1936:Yparxoyn 2000 thleoraseis poy xrhsimopoioyntai se olon to kosmo To BBC epistrefei stoys arxikoys ryqmoys ths prwths pagkosmias dhmosias yphresias ychlhs eykrineias hlektronikhs thleorashs sto Londino

    1937: H CBS anaggellei to programma anaptyjhs thleorashs.

    1938: Aithsh diplwmatos eyresitexnias arxeiwn Marzocci gia to peristrofikh kefalh eggrafhs hxoy.

    1939: Anaptyssontai oi arxes ths katagrafhs enallassomenoy reymatos. Sth pagkosmia ekqesh sth Nea Yorkh kai th xrysh dieqnh epideijh pylwn sto San Fransisko pragmatopoioyntai epideijeis montelwn thleorashs.

    O Roosevelt ginetai prwtos amerikanos Proedros poy ekfwnei logo sthn thleorash.

    H epixeirhsh DuMont arxizei thn paragwgh thleoptikwn synolwn gia toys katanalwtes.

    1940: O Dr Peter Goldmark eisagei ena 343-apomonwmeno systhma egxrwmhs thleorashs gia thn kaqhmerinh metadosh, h opoia xrhsimopoiei enan disko triwn filtrwn (kokkinos, prasinos, mple).

    1946:H prwth thleoptikh ekpomph mesw toy omoajonikoy kalwdioy metadidetai apo th Nea Yorkh sthn Oyasigkton

    O Zoomar eisagei ton prwto epaggelmatiko fako zoym.

    1947: H prwth paragwgh tainiwn Hollywood gia thn thleorash einai o dhmosios kathgoros. Ton idio xrono ginetai epideijh sta ergasthria Bell gia thn anaptyjh toy tranzistor

    1948: To thleoptiko akroathrio ayjanetai kata 4000 tois ekato kai gia thn akribeia ena ekatommyrio spitia stis HPA exoyn twra ena thleoptiko synolo.

    1950:O Mullin arxizei thn ergasia gia to thleoptiko organo katagrafhs gia tis epixeirhseis Crosby.

    Anaptyssetai to trixrwmo kinoskopeio.

    Anaptyssetai h lyxnia vidicon.

    H kalwdiakh thleorash arxizei stis HPA kai oi proeidopoihseis arxizoyn na aporreoyn gia tis epidraseis twn biaiwn programmatwn sta paidia

    1951:H prwth egxrwmh thleoptikh ekpomph jekinaei stis HPA

    1952: H omada toy Ampex VTR anaparagei th molis anagnwrisimh eikona apo tainia.

    1953: H ekpomph egxrwmhs thleorashs jekinaei.

    H Toshiba arxizei thn ergasia gia to elikoeides thleoptiko organo katagrafhs anixneyshs.

    Oi prwtoi idiwtikoi thleoptikoi staqmoi arxizoyn th leitoyrgia toys se Sudbury kai to Londino.

    1956 Jekinhse h epoxh ths forhths aspromayrhs thleorashs.

    H etairia Ampex epideiknyei thn eggrafh magnhtotainias

    1960: H syzhthsh metajy Nijon kai Kennenty metadidetai apeyqeias apo thn thleorash.

    To Enenhnta tois ekato twn amerikanikwn spitiwn exoyn to diko toys ejoplismo thleorashs kai h Amerikh ginetai h prwth ston kosmo ths thleoptikhs koinwnias Ayth th stigmh yparxoyn 100 ekatommyria thleorashs pagkosmiws

    1963: O thlexeirismos pompwn thleorashs ejoysiodoteitai apo thn FCC TV ejoysiodothmenos apo th

    1964: Egkatastaqhke to prwto aytomato systhma programmatos thleorashs.

    1968:To CBS xrhsimopoiei ena forhto mikrokamera gia kalycei politika synedria

    Stis 20 Ioylioy to 1969 ginetai h prwth thleoptikh metadosh apo to feggari opoy parakoloyqeitai 600 ekatommyria qeates pagkosmiws th stigmh poy o Neil Armstrong perpataei sto feggari.

    1971: H Notia Afrikh den exei kamia thleorash kaqoloy.

    1972:Jekinhsan peiramata gia to teletext sto Hnwmeno Basileio.

    Oi prwtes proeggrafhs kasetes bgainoyn sthn agora gia to koino.

    To BBC anaptyssei "ygihs-", ena chfiako systhma kwdikopoihshs me th dynatothta eisodoy gia to syndyasmo eikonas kai hxoy.

    1973 :Pwleitai gigantia oqonh probolhs egxrwmhs thleorashs.

    Stis 10 Maioy toy 1977 h Notia h Afrikh blepei thleorash gia prwth fora

    1980:Stis HPA kai sthn Germania qespizontai nomoi kai periorismoi gia thn prostasia twn anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn me apotelesma na yparjei oikonomikh apotyxia

    [13] ''Aqraysta'' mpiskota me ...nomismata

    Phgh: APE 21/11/2002 9:08:00 pm

    Mpiskota poy den htan tragana kai kata synepeia den espagan prokalesan tis ypocies indwn telwneiakwn ypallhlwn, poy otan ta ejetasan anakalycan oti sto eswteriko toys yphrxan jena nomismata. H efhmerida "Hindustan Times" grafei oti rialia toy Katar kai ths Saoydikhs Arabias ajias 7.500 eyrw katasxeqhkan apo ton epibath poy prospaqhse na ta perasei laqraia apo to aerodromio toy Neoy Delxi. O epibaths eixe proorismo to Ntoympai. Ta nomismata htan tyligmena arxika se plastikh membranh kai sth synexeia se zymh, chmena kanonika sto foyrno kai topoqethmena mesa se koyti mpiskotwn.

    '' H prwth seira sto koyti htan ontws mpiskota kai eixan spasei, ta ypoloipa omws htan toso sklhra poy moy kinhsan thn periergeia. Otan spasame to ejwteriko kalyma zymhs apokalyfqhkan ta kalotyligmena nomismata'', dhlwse o telwneiakos Nitis Mpirnti.

    O tajidiwths toy opoioy anakoinwqhke mono to mikro onoma, Salim, htan syxnos episkepths toy Ntoympai.


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