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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 03-11-03

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Synexeia kinhtopoihsewn kai ayth thn ebdomada
  • [02] Krisimh synedriash ths Ieras Synodoy
  • [03] Sfodres plhmmyres sthn Indonhsia - 65 nekroi
  • [04] Epiqesh Palaistinioy kamikazi
  • [05] Dixazei h enqronish toy omofylofiloy Episkopoy
  • [06] Kataggelies gia noqeia stis ekloges sthn Gewrgia
  • [07] Polynekro nayagio me qymata laqrometanastes
  • [08] Esbhsan oi megales pyrkagies sthn Kalifornia
  • [09] Problhmatismos sta katexomena apo thn episkech Erntogan
  • [10] Tragikos qanatos filaqloy sthn Kolombia
  • [11] Epeteios gia thn Trapeza ths Elladas

    [01] Synexeia kinhtopoihsewn kai ayth thn ebdomada

    3/11/2003 8:24:00 pm

    Neos gyros apergiakwn kinhtopoihsewn me oikonomika kai qesmika aithmata sthn paideia, thn ygeia kai th dikaiosynh. Sarantaoktawrh apoxh arxizoyn apo shmera oi nhpiagwgoi, daskaloi kai kaqhghtes, enw gia tis 12 to meshmeri exoyn proanaggeilei sygkentrwsh sta Propylaia kai poreia pros to ypoyrgeio Paideias. Sto dromo twn diekdikhsewn kai oi dikhgoroi poy arxizoyn 48wrh apergia, poy qa exei ws apotelesma na anablhqoyn ekatontades dikes. Me proswpiko asfaleias qa leitoyrghsoyn shmera kai ayrio ta nosokomeia toy Lekanopedioy Attikhs, logw ths apergias twn giatrwn, enw gia ayrio o klados toys exei khryjei 24wrh panelladikh apoxh. Apergia diarkeias arxizoyn apo shmera kai oi gewtexnikoi. Ayrio anamenetai na nekrwsei o dhmosios tomeas, logw ths 24wrhs Panelladikhs apergias poy exei ejaggeilei h ADEDY, diekdikwntas neo Misqologio.

    Anoigoyn apo shmera ta Panepisthmia

    Thn idia wra, se pragmatiko agwna dromoy epididontai apo shmera foithtes kai kaqhghtes, prokeimenoy na anaplhrwsoyn thn ylh poy xaqhke ejaitias ths apoxhs twn Panepisthmiakwnkaqhghtwn, oi opoioi meta apo epta ebdomades kinhtopoihsewn epanerxontai kanonika sta kaqhkonta toys.

    Oi Panepisthmiakoi proeidopoioyn pantws oti ean mexri tis 5 Dekembrioy den ylopoihqoyn oi desmeyseis ths kybernhshs gia ikanopoihsh twn aithmatwn toys, tote qa epanelqoyn me nea apoxh diarkeias

    [02] Krisimh synedriash ths Ieras Synodoy

    3/11/2003 8:35:00 pm

    Se idiaitera bary klima synerxetai thn Deytera ektaktws h Iera Synodos prokeimenoy na ejetasei thn katastash poy exei dhmioyrghqei metajy ths Ekklhsias ths Ellados kai toy Oikoymenikoy Patriarxeioy, meta to oysiastiko adiejodo sto opoio odhghqhkan oi synomilies gia tis mhtropoleis twn legomenwn Newn Xwrwn. H mia pleyra rixnei sthn allh thn eyqynh gia to nayagio twn synomiliwn, epifylassontas parallhla gia ton eayto ths stoixeia diallaktikothtas. H oysia einai oti oi synomilies, toylaxiston sthn paroysa fash, exoyn diakopei kai se anakoinwsh toy to Fanari, epishmainei oti prosblepei twra sth sthrijh twn Mhtropolitwn twn Newn Xwrwn, kaqws oi protaseis poy diatypwse "atyxws den eginan dektes". H Diarkhs Iera Synodos kaleitai na diatypwsei thn protash poy qa ypobalei sthn Ierarxia ths ekklhsias, h opoia synerxetai 4 me 6 Noembrioy.

    Wra apofasewn

    To Patriarxeio epirriptei apokleistika thn eyqynh ths krishs alla kai ths mh ejeyreshs lyshs sthn Ekklhsia ths Elladas. Taytoxrona, kalei toys Mhtropolites ths Elladikhs Ekklhsias na sthrijoyn ta dikaia toy.

    Wstoso, kykloi ths Elladikhs Ieras Synodoy kai me dhlwseis toy o kyrios diapragmateyths, Mhtropoliths Peiraiws Kallinikos, kanoyn logo gia diastreblwsh ths pragmatikothtas kai apodidoyn adiallajia sto Oikoymeniko Patriarxeio, tonizontas pws h Ekklhsia ths Ellados emmenei sth logikh ths diapragmateyshs kai toy dialogoy.

    O k. Kallinikos mazi me ton mhtropolith Dhmhtriados, Ignatio, eixe symmetasxei stis synomilies kai idiaitera sthn prwth syzhthsh poy egine prin apo liges meres me ton Patriarxh sto Fanari.

    O Mhtropoliths Peiraiws tonizei xarakthristika: "Aporw, ejistamai kai qlibomai gia thn ejelijh. Diathrw, omws, thn agaph moy pros to Patriarxeio kai elpizw". Epishs, o Peiraiws tonizei pws gia na einai egkyros o katalogos twn onomatwn twn ypochfiwn Mhtropolitwn poy symfwnhqhke kata tis synomilies na stelnetai sthn Kwnstantinoypolh, prepei na ta egkrinei h Ierarxia, kati poy den apodexetai to Fanari.

    Wstoso, o k. Kallinikos epishmane oti o idios o Patriarxhs toy eixe pei oti "qa thrhqoyn oi diatajeis toy nomoy" kai katelhje tonizontas oti "h anakoinwsh apexei ths alhqeias".

    Antiqeta, o Mhtropoliths Iwanninwn Qeoklhtos, se dhlwseis toy to meshmeri ths Kyriakhs, tonise oti "h Ekklhsia qa prepei na dwsei th martyria se ti pisteyei, kaqws to Kanoniko dikaio den mporei na prosarmozetai sto kosmiko" kai oti "h Ekklhsia prepei na apodexqei ta Kanonika keimena", apoceis poy symparatassontai me ekeines toy Oikoymenikoy Patriarxeioy.

    Kykloi ths Ieras Synodoy, omws, sxoliazan metajy allwn oti "me to anakoinwqen toy Patriarxeioy, epixeireitai diastreblwsh ths pragmatikothtas, dioti h Ekklhsia ths Ellados, proebh se oles ekeines tis ypoxwrhseis poy htan dynates, mesa sta oria twn nomwn ths Ellhnikhs Politeias, enw to Patriarxeio thrhse adiallakth stash".

    O Arxiepiskopos pantws protiqetai na synexisei na siwpa, symfwna me toys idioys kykloys, alla parallhla qa epimeinei, opws kai h Ekklhsia ths Ellados, sth logikh toy dialogoy.

    [03] Sfodres plhmmyres sthn Indonhsia - 65 nekroi

    3/11/2003 11:21:00 pm

    Fwto arxeioy

    Toylaxiston 65 anqrwpoi, metajy toys kai pente jenoi toyristes exasan th zwh toys shmera to prwi, apo tis plhmmyres poy prokalesan oi katarraktwdeis broxes sthn eparxia ths Boreias Soymatras sthn Indonhsia, anakoinwsan ajiwmatoyxoi kai aytoptes martyres. Agnwstos paramenei o ariqmos twn agnooymenwn. H tragwdia shmeiwqhke sthn perioxh Langkat, peripoy ekato xiliometra boreiodytika ths prwteyoysas Mentan ths Boreias Soymatras, otan enas potamos yperxeilise ta jhmerwmata apo tis sfodres broxoptwseis. Plhmmyres eplhjan akomh thn toyristikh perioxh ths Mpaxorok. Symfwna me to epishmo praktoreio Antara oi thlepikoinwnies diekophsan sthn plhgeisa perioxh kai oi thlefwnikes grammes katastrafhkan. Sthn perioxh ayth yparxei eqniko parko kai kentro prostasias oyragkotagkwn, to opoio apotelei polo eljhs gia toys toyristes.

    Ajiwmatoyxos toy parkoy dhlwse oti oi plhmmyres den eplhjan ton kyriws xwro toy.

    Oi broxes jespasan thn Kyriakh to brady.

    H periodos twn broxoptwsewn sthn Indonhsia arxizei synhqws to Noembrio kai diarkei ews ton Aprilio.

    [04] Epiqesh Palaistinioy kamikazi

    3/11/2003 11:09:00 pm

    Fwto arxeioy

    Palaistinios kamikazi anatinaxqhke shmera pyrodotwntas ta ekrhktika me ta opoia htan zwsmenos konta ston ebraiko oikismo Sabei Somron, sto boreio tmhma ths Dytikhs Oxqhs, symfwna me israhlinh stratiwtikh phgh. Symfwna me thn idia phgh, h ekrhjh den prokalese qymata ektos toy kamikazi. O israhlinos stratos parakoloyqoyse epi wres ton Palaistinio, enw h israhlinh astynomia khryje se katastash synagermoy thn perioxh boreia toy Tel Abib, konta sth Dytikh Oxqh en' ocei epikeimenhs epiqeshs aytoktonias. Nwritera, o israhlinos stratos anakoinwse shmera oti anakalyce kai ejoydeterwse bomba apoteloymenh apo 30 kila ekrhktikwn konta sto shmeio dieleyshs Soyfa anamesa sth Lwrida ths Gazas kai sto israhlino edafos. Ena oplo kalasnikof breqhke sto idio shmeio, meta thn ejonyxistikh ereyna ths perioxhs thn Kyriakh, dieykrinise o ekproswpos toy israhlinoy stratoy.

    Armata maxhs anoijan pyr

    Ta jhmerwmata ths Kyriakhs, andres toy stratoy entopisan treis ypoptoys sthn apagoreymenh stratiwtikh zwnh ston idio tomea.

    Armata maxhs anoijan pyr pros thn kateyqynsh ayth, traymatizontas dyo metajy aytwn.

    Palaistiniakes phges asfaleias anakoinwsan to qanato enos tritoy atomoy, basizomenes se martyries syntrofwn toy, wstoso o qanatos aytos den epibebaiwqhke.

    O israhlinos ekproswpos anefere apo thn pleyra toy oti oydeis nekros breqhke apo to strato.

    Thn eyqynh gia thn epixeirhsh anelaban oi Tajiarxies twn martyrwn toy Al-Aksa, enoplhs organwshs poy exei sxesh me to kinhma Fatax toy palaistinioy hgeth Giaser Arafat.

    [05] Dixazei h enqronish toy omofylofiloy Episkopoy

    3/11/2003 9:47:00 pm

    Perissotero diairemenh apo pote allote sthn istoria ths, fantazei apo thn Kyriakh h Agllikanikh Ekklhsia meta thn enqronish thn Kyriakh, stis Hnwmenes Politeies toy 56-xronoy klhrikoy Tzin Rompinson, poy exei dhlwsei dhmosia oti einai omofylofilos. Thn xeirotonia poy apeilei na prokalesei sxisma sthn pagkosmia Agglikanikh koinothta, ekane o Frank Gkrisgoyont, proedreywn episkopos ths Episkopikhs Ekklhsias, sth diarkeia teleths poy pragmatopoihqhke enwpion arketwn xiliadwn anqrwpwn se ena ghpedo xokei epi pagoy sto Panepisthmio toy Nioy Xamser. Nwritera, sto plaisio mias diamartyrias poy eixe egkriqei kai apoteloyse meros ths teleths, arketa melh ths ekklhsias ejefrasan epishmws thn antiqesh toys sthn xeirotonia ws episkopoy enos anoikta omofylofiloy kai apoxwrhsan apo thn teleth.

    Anoigma se apokleismenes koinwnikes omades

    O Arxiepiskopos toy Kantermpoyri, pneymatikoy arxhgoy ths Agglikanikhs Ekklhsias, Rooyan Goyiliams, ejefrase xqes th baqytath qlich toy gia th diairesh stis tajeis toy poimnioy toy. "Einai safes pws ekeinoi poy proebhsan sth xeirotonia toy Tzin Rompinson to eprajan me kalh qelhsh", tonizei sto anakoinwqen toy o Goyiliams.

    Molatayta omws prosqese, "o antiktypos apo aythn th xeirotonia sto poimantoriko leitoyrghma kai sta matia ths syntriptikhs pleiochfias twn Agglikanwn, kai idiws ston mh dytiko kosmo, qa prepei na antimetwpisqei me eilikrineia", ypogrammise.

    Para tis antiqetes fwnes, yparxoyn kai polloi Episkopoi, poy blepoyn oti me mia tetoia kinhsh h Agglikanikh Ekklhsia prosferei mia nea qeamatikh pragmatikothta sto poimnio, kai epikrotoyn thn kinhsh opws o aidesimwtatos Kolin Kaoyarnt, dieyqynth ths kinhshs ''Allagh Stasews'' (Changing Attitude).

    H xeirotonia toy Tzin Rompinson ''prokeitai na empneysei mia nea empistosynh stoys omofylofiloys kai tis lesbies, toys amfifylofiloys ki omofylofiloys xristianoys'', ektima o epikefalhs ths organwshs twn omofylofilwn agglikanwn ierewn ki episkopwn.

    Toyth h xeirotonia prokeitai na mas prosdwsei mia asfaleia pws ''exoyme mia plhrh qesh sto trapezi ths Qeias Eyxaristias toy Oyranioy Patros mas'', prosqese.

    [06] Kataggelies gia noqeia stis ekloges sthn Gewrgia

    3/11/2003 9:22:00 pm

    Mesa se klima entashs kai kataggelies ths antipoliteyshs gia noqeia, gegonos poy dhmioyrgei foboys gia anataraxh, diejhxqhsan oi koinoboyleytikes ekloges sth Gewrgia. Symfwna pantws me ta prwta apotelesmata kai me katametrhmeno to 10% twn chfwn, opws anakoinwse shmera to prwi sto praktoreio ITAR-TASS h kentrikh eforeytikh epitroph, o filokybernhtikos synaspismos "Gia mia Nea Gewrgia", me epikefalhs ton proedro Entbarnt Sebarntnatze, sygkentrwnei to 38% twn chfwn ki akoloyqeitai apo to Eqniko Komma me 17% kai to Ergatiko Komma me 15%.

    Den apodexetai to apotelesma h antipoliteysh

    Organwseis ths antipoliteyshs aperrican thn eklogikh anametrhsh ws diablhth, diatypwnontas kathgories gia eklogikes apates kai xaotikh diorganwsh.

    H chfoforia jekinhse me problhmata, ta perissotera apo ta opoia eixan sxesh me ellipeis eklogikoys katalogoys. Sth synexeia proxwrhse xwris polles diataraxes sta perissotera merh kai oi arxes thn pareteinan kyriws sto Koytaisi, th deyterh megalyterh polh ths Gewrgias.

    To apotelesma endiaferei poly th Dysh, kaqws hdh kataskeyazetai enas petrelaiagwgos poy to 2005 qa metaferei to petrelaio ths Kaspias stis dytikes agores mesw ths Gewrgias kai ths Toyrkias.

    [07] Polynekro nayagio me qymata laqrometanastes

    3/11/2003 9:11:00 pm

    Toylaxiston 34 nekroi, einai o ews twra apologismos enos apo ta xeirotera nayagia skafwn me laqraioys metanastes sthn Ispania, enw h tragwdia mporei na parei megalyteres diastaseis kaqws ejakoloyqei na agnoeitai h tyxh 15 anqrwpwn. To skafos poy, symfwna me kataqeseis, metefere synolika 50 anqrwpoys apo th boreia Afrikh, nayaghse ejaitias ths kakokairias, to Sabbato 25 Oktwbrioy, ston kolpo toy Kadij.Mexri stigmhs exoyn entopisqei kai kratoyntai sthn jhra pente epizhsantes toy nayagioy.

    To nayagio ayto einai me megalh diafora to pio polynekro poy exei symbei to 2003 kai anebazei se 117 ton ariqmo twn metanastwn poy exoyn xasei th zwh toys apo thn arxh toy xronoy prospaqwntas na diasxisoyn laqraia th qalassa gia na ftasoyn sthn Ispania.

    Tetoia nayagia eixan ws apotelesma to qanato 35 anqrwpwn to 2002 kai 86 to 2001, alla h tragwdia toy Sabbatoy 25 Oktwbrioy einai pleon mia apo tis pio polynekres poy exoyn pote katagrafei, symfwna me mia sygkrish diaforwn diaqesimwn statistikwn.

    [08] Esbhsan oi megales pyrkagies sthn Kalifornia

    Phgh: APE 3/11/2003 8:49:00 pm

    Khryssontas th nikh sth maxh me tis pyrkagies poy mainontan tis deka teleytaies hmeres se polles oreines koinothtes ths notias Kalifornias, oi ajiwmatoyxoi esteilan xqes Kyriakh sta spitia toys perissoteroys apo 2.000 katakopoys pyrosbestes kai dhlwsan oti sxedon oles oi pyrkagies exoyn teqei ypo plhrh elegxo. H fwtia katekace sxedon 3 ekatommyria stremmata kai katestrece perissotera apo 3.400 spitia. H fysh bohqhse toys pyrosbestes sth maxh me tis floges kaqws to Sabbato shmeiwqhkan isxyres broxoptwseis kai xionoptwseis, enw h qermokrasia shmeiwse megalh ptwsh, synqhkes poy anamenetai na synexistoyn tis prosexeis hmeres.

    To meshmeri ths Kyriakhs (topikh wra, 19.00 wra Elladas), 2.500 pyrosbestes epestrefan sta spitia toys sth Nebada, thn Arizona, to Neo Mejiko, to Oregkon kai th Boreia Karolina.

    Peripoy 14.500 pyrosbestes ejakoloyqoyn na epandrwnoyn tis perimetroys tessarwn pyrkagiwn poy den elegxontai akomh plhrws.

    Synolika 12 pyrkagies mainontan sto notio tmhma ths Politeias. Oktw eixan teqei ypo plhrh elegxo thn Kyriakh to prwi.

    Oi alles tesseris elegxontai se pososta apo 70% ws 95% kai anamenetai na exoyn teqei plhrws ypo elegxo ws shmera to brady.

    [09] Problhmatismos sta katexomena apo thn episkech Erntogan

    3/11/2003 10:08:00 pm

    Anhsyxies prokalei sthn Toyrkokypriakh antipoliteysh h apofash toy Toyrkoy prwqypoyrgoy, Tagip Erntogan, na metabei sta katexomena gia ton eortasmo ths epeteioy anakhryjhs toy ceydokratoys, para th diabebaiwsh pws qa exei synanthseis me ola ta kommata, ''wste na metaferei to mhnyma oti h Agkyra threi ises apostaseis stis ekloges toy Dekembrioy''. Hgetika stelexh ths Toyrkokypriakhs antipoliteyshs ejefrasan anhsyxia kai aneferan oti qewroyn ''arnhtikh ejelijh'' to gegonos ayto, oso kai th diafainomenh sklhrynsh ths stashs toy Tagip Erntogan.

    Foboi gia ekmetalleysh apo ton Raoyf Ntektas

    Plhrofories anaferoyn pws o Raoyf Ntenktas, o opoios exei proskalesei ton prwqypoyrgo Erntogan endexetai na epixeirhsei na syndyasei thn paroysia toy ekei me thn allagh toy kaqestwtos ths perifragmenhs perioxhs ths Ammoxwstoy, wste h polh na teqei ypo thn ''politikh dioikhsh''.

    Symfwna me tis apofaseis twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn, alla kai toy Eyrwpaikoy Dikasthrioy Anqrwpinwn Dikaiwmatwn, ypeyqynh gia tis katexomenes perioxes ths Kyproy einai h Toyrkia ws katoxikh dynamh.

    Sto metajy, melh toy Amerikanikoy mh kybernhtikoy Idrymatos Karter, briskontai sta katexomena gia na epithrhsoyn tis ceydoekloges. Entos ths ebdomadas qa exoyn epafes me ta kommata ths antipoliteyshs kai stelexh toy kaqestwtos Ntenktas.

    [10] Tragikos qanatos filaqloy sthn Kolombia

    3/11/2003 9:02:00 pm

    Fwto arxeioy

    Mia 20-xronh gynaika, h Banesa Rodrigkes, brhke ton qanato thn Kyriakh, enw alla 35 atoma traymatisqhkan, ek twn opoiwn o enas sobara, otan kata th diarkeia mias podosfairikhs anametrhshs sthn Kolombia gia to prwtaqlhma ths A Eqnikhs Kathgorias katerreysan ta prostateytika kigklidwmata se ghpedo ths polhs Mparankilia. To tragiko symban synebh otan h omada ths polhs, Atletiko Zoynior, shmeiwse to monadiko terma ths synanthshs kai omada opadwn ths etreje pros to kigklidwma gia na panhgyrisei. To kigklidwma ypoxwrhse apo to baros, me apotelesma na pesoyn sto katw diazwma. Shmeiwteon oti to ghpedo ths Mparankilia xrhsimopoieitai ws edra ths eqnikhs omados ths Kolombias stoys agwnes prokrishs ston omilo ths Latinikhs Amerikhs gia to Pagkosmio Kypello Podosfairoy toy 2006.

    [11] Epeteios gia thn Trapeza ths Elladas

    3/11/2003 11:41:00 pm

    Ta 75 xronia apo thn idrysh ths, giortazei epishma thn Deytera h Trapeza ths Elladas. Paroysia toy Proedroy ths Dhmokratias Kwsta Stefanopoyloy, thn istorikh epeteio timoyn me omilies toys o prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Shmiths, o dioikhths ths Trapezas Nikos Gkargkanas o neos proedros ths EKT Zan-Klont Trise kai o antiproedros ths EKT kai mexri protinos proedros ths Loykas Papadhmos, se eidikh ekdhlwsh sto Megaro Moysikhs. Me ton rolo ths, na mpainei se nea plaisia meta thn eisodo ths xwras sthn ONE kai me polloys oikonomikoys paragontes na dhlwnoyn, pws eftase to telos ths poreias ths kaqws ta kentra lhchs oikonomikwn kai nomismatikwn apofasewn exoyn metaferqei se Bryjelles kai Frankfoyrth- h Trapeza ths Ellados diathrei kapoia periqwria parembasewn, estw kai an h apostolh ths exei syrriknwqei.

    Shmiths: ''Shmantikos o rolos ths gia thn ONE''

    Ton prwtagwnistiko rolo ths Trapezas ths Elladas, gia thn eisodo ths xwras sthn eyrwzwnh tonise kai sthn omilia toy o Prwqypoyrgos Kwstas Shmiths, poy sth synexeia anaferqhke sthn istorikh poreia ths.

    O prwqypoyrgos shmeiwse epishs oti, oi polites prepei na exoyn empistosynh sto eyrw kai prosdiorise ws ton epomeno megalo stoxo ths xwras thn epiteyjh ths pragmatikhs sygklishs, proypoqesh ths opoias eipe einai h epitaxynsh ths anaptyjhs.

    Gia to skopo ayto h kybernhsh ylopoiei to shmantikotero metapolemika ependytiko programma ypodomwn. O prwqypoyrgos prosqese akoma oti an kai to biotiko epipedo toy Ellhna exei kanei almata, toyto den arkei, kai prepei na synexistei h eyrwpaikh prwtia sto ryqmo anaptyjhs.

    H istorikh poreia

    H Trapeza ths Ellados idryqhke to 1928 ligo meta thn Mikrasiatikh katastrofh kai ligo prin to "krax" toy '29 sthn Amerikh, poy skiase olo ton kosmo.

    Gia na antimetwpisei thn katastash poy exei dhmioyrghqei meta thn katastrofh ths Mikras Asias h oikoymenikh kybernhsh Zaimh kaqws kaleitai na qrecei kai na stegasei toys 1.500.000 jerizwmenoys kai na anorqwsei thn oikonomia ths xwras poy sxedon exei katastrafei me toys synexomenoys polemoys twn trianta teleytaiwn etwn, katafeygei se daneismo apo thn Koinwnia twn Eqnwn.

    Me ayth thn prajh arxizei kai h proistoria ths Trapezas, afoy ton Aprilio toy 1927, h epitroph poy stelnei o organismos ypo to geniko grammatea ths Joseph Avenol, gia na ejetasei ta oikonomika ths xwras, h epitroph fernei oydemia antirrhsh (afoy Agglia, Gallia pareixan eggyhseis) na xorhghsei to zhtoymeno daneio twn 9 ekat. lirwn Agglias, alla me ton aparabato oro, h Eqnikh Trapeza poy mexri tote diathroyse to dikaiwma ekdoshs xartonomismatos na paraithqei aytoy toy pronomioy.

    H apofash egkrinetai, para tis kontres kai tis acimaxies metajy twn politikwn kommatwn, poy odhghsan se kybernhtikh krish kai thn apoxwrhsh toy Laikoy Kommatos toy Panagh Tsaldarh, poy den epiqymoyse thn idrysh neas trapezas.

    H nea kentrikh trapeza ths xwras poy qa kobei nomisma, qa synaptei daneia kai qa kaqorizei th synallagmatikh politikh gennietai (egkainiazetai stis 14 Maioy 1928 apo ton proedro ths Dhmokratias Paylo Koyntoyriwth) kai to daneio twn 9 ekat. lirwn didetai sth xwra me to prwtokollo ths Geneyhs kai mesw twn xrhmatisthriwn toy Londinoy kai ths Neas Yorkhs.

    Prwth prajh ths Trapezas, o orismos ths isotimias ths draxmhs me bash thn agglikh lira. Mia lira antistoixei me 375 draxmes, ths epoxhs.

    Dyo xronia meta, to xrhmatisthriako "krax" toy '29 sth Wall Street katebazei toys diakoptes sthn oikonomia ths Amerikhs, enw h krish xtypa gia ta kala thn Eyrwph. Ton Septembrh toy 1931 otan h Megalh Bretania apofasizei na egkataleicei th "xrysh bash" sthn opoia sthrizotan h sterlina kai oi Eleyqerios Benizelos (prwqypoyrgos) kai Al. Diomhdhs (dioikhths T.t.E.) apofasizoyn thn aposyndesh ths draxmhs apo th xartinh sterlina kai thn prosdesh ths sto amerikaniko dolario me isotimia 1 dolario=77,05 drx.

    H Eyrwph tyligetai stis floges toy polemoy kai nazistikes straties kathforizoyn pros Ellada. O tote dioikhths ths Trapezas ths Ellados Kyriakos Barbaressos kai o ypodioikhths Gewrgios Mantzabinos, apofasizoyn na diaswsoyn ta apoqemata xrysoy poy krybontai sta qhsayrofylakia ths trapezas, fygadeyontas ta ston eleyqero kosmo me th nomimh kybernhsh toy prwqypoyrgoy Emm. Tsoyderoy, prwhn dioikhth ths T.t.E.

    Thn Kaqarh Deytera toy 194, o ellhnikos xrysos fortwqhke ypo tragikes synqhkes bombardismwn sta antitorpilika "Basilias Gewrgios" kai "Basilissa Olga", fqanontas katarxhn to Hrakleio Krhths kai meta sthn Alejandreia kai to Kairo, apo opoy fqanei sta qhsayrofylakia ths South African Reserve Bank ths Praitwrias.

    Stis 18 Oktwbrioy 1944 h ejoristh kybernhsh ypo ton G. Papandreoy epistrefei sthn Ellada. Ypo synqhkes oikonomikhs katarreyshs sth xwra kykloforei h nea draxmh, poy isodynamei me 50 disekatommyria palaies draxmes! H Ellada proskollatai sto arma ths Amerikhs kai sto dolario. Akoloyqei to sxedio Marsal (Martios 48) enw ligo argotera shmeiwnetai h prwth ypotimhsh (33,3%) ths draxmhs enanti toy dolarioy.

    Stis 9 Aprilioy 1953 h kybernhsh Papagoy, me ypoyrgo Synonismoy ton Spyro Markezinh, me stoxo thn anasxesh toy plhqwrismoy kai th strofh pros tis trapezikes kataqeseis h draxmh ypotimatai kata 50% enanti toy amerikanikoy nomismatos kai h nea isotimia orisqhke se 1 dollario=30.000 draxmes.

    H anasygkrothsh ths ellhnikhs oikonomias qa arxisei na ginetai orath, otan h xwra diabainei to katwfli ths Eyrwpaikhs Oikonomikhs Koinothtas (1.1.1981). Tote jekinoyn kai ta prwta makra kai epipona Programmata Staqeropoihshs (pagwma misqwn kai ypotimhsh draxmhs 15% ton Oktwbrh toy 1985), prokeimenoy na entaxqei h xwra sthn ONE, basei twn aysthrwn krithriwn poy exei qesei h synqhkh toy Maastrixt (11.12.1991).

    Mesa apo kerdoskopikes epiqeseis kai allepallhles dieqneis nomismatikes anataraxes h draxmh briskei epiteloys katafygio sto Mhxanismo Synallagmatikwn Isotimiwn (Marths 1998) kai h kentrikh isotimia kaqorizetai sto 1 ECU=357 draxmes.

    Dyo xronia argotera h draxmh "kleidwnei" oristika stis 340,74 drx., enanti toy koinoy eyrwpaikoy nomismatos. Thn 1h Ianoyarioy 2001 to eyrw antikaqista th draxmh poy arxizei na aposyretai stadiaka apo thn 1.1.2002 ws tis 28 Febroyarioy perysi. Mazi me th draxmh mpainei sto periqwrio kai o prwtagwnistikos rolos ths Trapezas ths Ellados sth synallagmatikh politikh ths xwras.


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