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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 08-11-12

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Apetrecan diplh aytoktonia mesw internet
  • [02] Irak: Fonikh epiqesh enantion Xristianwn sth Mosoylh
  • [03] Miktes taseis sta dieqnh xrhmatisthria
  • [04] Nea stoixeia gia thn symmoria Ellhnwn - Gewrgianwn
  • [05] Neos dhmarxos ths Ieroysalhm o Nir Mparkat
  • [06] Ekrhjh se panepisthmiakh estia sto Monpelie
  • [07] Mparaz emprhstikwn epiqesewn
  • [08] Fylakes: Synexizontai oi kinhtopoihseis- Poies oi eishghseis toy KESF pros Xatzhgakh
  • [09] Dhmotikes ekloges diejagontai sto Israhl
  • [10] Paroysiash fwtografikoy leykwmatos Xrwmata toy Neroy
  • [11] Ekqesh me jylografies kai liqografies G. Barlamoy
  • [12] Tailandh: Neo kroysma ths griphs twn pthnwn
  • [13] Oi aristeroxeires exoyn perissoteres anastoles kai apwqhseis
  • [14] Syxnooyria: Prostasia apo karkino ths oyrodoxoy kysths
  • [15] O egkefalos diabazei sta proswpa twn allwn
  • [16] O mystikos ...brwmikos kosmos twn gynaikeiwn xeriwn
  • [17] Tokio: Synelhfqh 9xronos odhgos
  • [18] Panhgyria sthn ...Ompama ths Iapwnias
  • [19] H Ompamania sthn Kenya xtypa me mioyzikal
  • [20] Meta ta Xronia Polla, h syllhch
  • [21] H nyfh tessarwn etwn, o gampros epta
  • [22] Trelos ...dikasths ton baftise
  • [23] Sklhrh h doyleia toy pyrosbesth
  • [24] Anhsyxia apo xrhsh nanoswmatidiwn sta kallyntika
  • [25] Biologika kai xhmika opla apo thn arxaiothta ews shmera
  • [26] Apekthse spiti sta metra toy
  • [27] Mykhtas toy dasoys paragei ntizel
  • [28] Apo ta daktylika sta apotypwmata ths osmhs
  • [29] Magnhtikes pyles ston Hlio

    [01] Apetrecan diplh aytoktonia mesw internet

    Syntaxqhke apo ton/thn Aqhna Saloystroy

    Teleytaia stigmh apetrecan astynomikoi toy tmhmatos diwjhs hlektronikoy egklhmatos thn aytoktonia dyo newn anqrwpwn , mias 15xronhs kai enos 25xronoy, oi opoioi eixan ekdhlwsei thn proqesh toys na aytoktonhsoyn se chat rooms sto internet. Oi astynomikoi entopisan ta hlektronika toys ixnh kai ta spitia toys se Aqhna kai Qessalonikh kai etsi gia mia akomh fora glytwsan apo to qanato dyo neoys anqrwpoys. H anhlikh kai o 25xronos synomiloysan se chat me alloys xrhstes stoys opoioys apokalycan oti hqelan na aytoktonhsoyn. Ta mhnymata apognwshs entopisan astynomikoi ths Diwjhs Hlektronikoy Egklhmatos, meta apo perihghsh sto diadiktyo.

    H anhlikh hqele na aytoktonhsei gia logoys erwtikhs apogohteyshs, enw o 25xronos epikaloyntan proswpika problhmata.

    Oi astynomikoi ajiopoiwntas ta hlektronika toys ixnh entopisan tis oikies toys se Aqhna kai Qessalonikh kai enhmerwsan toys goneis toys. Cyxologoi mh Kybernhtikwn Organwsewn, anelaban thn cyxologikh yposthrijh ths anhlikhs kai toy 25xronoy.

    Eidhsh: 15449

    [02] Irak: Fonikh epiqesh enantion Xristianwn sth Mosoylh

    Enoploi skotwsan shmera Tetarth dyo adelfes kai traymatisan th mhtera toys sthn polh Mosoylh toy boreioy Irak. Ta qymata htan Xristianes. Sth Mosoylh, xiliades Xristianoi exoyn egkataleicei tis esties toys ejaitias ths ejarshs ths bias tis teleytaies ebdomades, anakoinwse h astynomia. Peripoy 2.000 oikogeneies, dhladh sxedon 12.000 anqrwpoi, egkateleican thn polh meta apo mia ekstrateia apeilwn kai epiqesewn enantion ths xristianikhs koinothtas ton perasmeno mhna, paroti polloi exoyn apo tote epistrecei sta spitia toys, anakoinwse h yphresia twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn gia toys prosfyges. Sto teleytaio kroysma bias, shmera, enoploi skotwsan mia gynaika ejw apo to spiti ths, sth synexeia eisebalan se ayto, skotwsan thn adelfh ths kai traymatisan thn mhtera toys.

    Eidhsh: 15447

    [03] Miktes taseis sta dieqnh xrhmatisthria

    Me arnhtiko proshmo synedriazoyn shmera oi megales asiatikes xrhmatagores, me ton deikth Nikkei na kleinei me ptwsh 1,29% sto Tokio, logw twn endeijewn pws kapoies apo tis shmantikoteres etairies dieqnws -aytokinhtobiomhxanies kai oxi mono- exoyn parasyrqei sth dinh ths xrhmatopistwtikhs krishs. Sthn Eyrwph, me anodo anoijan ta xrhmatisthria toy Londino (0,75%), toy Parisioy (2,13%) kai ths Frankfoyrths (0,85%). Isxyres ptwtikes taseis arxisan na epikratoyn meta ta prwta dekapente lepta twn synallagwn sth synedriash toy Xrhmatisthrioy Aqhnwn. O genikos deikths timwn stis 11:05 h wra briskotan stis 1.998,82 monades paroysiazontas shmantikh ptwsh se pososto 2,51%. Apwleies 2% kai anw kategracan thn Trith oi deiktes Dow Jones, Nasdaq kai Standard & Poor's ths Wall Street, meta th xqesinh shmantikh ptwsh sta kyriotera eyrwpaika xrhmatisthria - enw me megalh ptwsh 6,42% ekleise xqes to xrhmatisthrio ths Aqhnas. Xamhla kai oi times toy petrelaioy: Sta 59 dolaria to bareli, h diapragmateysh toy elafroy argoy shmera stis hlektronikes synallages ths Asias.

    Eidhsh: 15443

    [04] Nea stoixeia gia thn symmoria Ellhnwn - Gewrgianwn

    Nea stoixeia proekycan apo th synexizomenh ereyna ths Asfaleias Attikhs gia thn organwmenh symmoria Ellhnwn kai Gewrgianwn, oi opoioi eixan diaprajei swreia megalwn enoplwn lhsteiwn sthn perioxh ths Attikhs. Stis 20 Oktwbrioy eixan syllhfqei pente apo ta 12 melh ths symmorias kai ejixniasthkan arketes apo tis megales lhsteies poy eixan ginei ton teleytaio kairo sthn Attikh. Apo ta nea stoixeia prokyptei h symmetoxh sth symmoria enos 35xronoy Ellhna kai enos 31xronoy Rwsoy, enw ejixniasthkan alles pente akoma megales lhsteies kai mia apopeira. Sygkekrimena, oi drastes, oi opoioi htan ntymenoi me stoles astynomikwn kai epebainan se peripoliko ''maimoy'', eixan arpajei apo xrhmatapostolh etairias sekioyriti stoys Qrakomakedones 1.941.000 eyrw.

    Eidhsh: 15448

    [05] Neos dhmarxos ths Ieroysalhm o Nir Mparkat

    O 49xronos epixeirhmatias Nir Mparkat einai o nikhths twn dhmotikwn eklogwn sthn Ieroysalhm, sygkentrwnontas pososto 52% enanti 43% toy kyrioteroy antipaloy toy yperorqodojoy Meir Poroys, symfwna me ta telika apotelesmata poy anakoinwqhkan shmera to prwi. O disekatommyrioyxos Arkanti Gkeintamak epishs ypochfios sygkentrwse pososto 3,6% kai o Ntan Mpiran ligotero apo 1%. Ligo prin kleisoyn oi kalpes, to pososto symmetoxhs sthn Ieroysalhm htan 42%, symfwna me ta epishma stoixeia.

    "Apoce kerdise h Ieroysalhm" dhlwse o Mparkat stoys opadoys toy poy eixan sygkentrwqei sta grafeia ths proeklogikhs toy ekstrateias.

    O neos dhmarxos ths Ieroysalhm, opws kai oi alloi treis antipaloi toy, yioqethsan sklhrh stash apenanti sto qema ths Ieroysalhm, aporriptontas opoiadhpote paraxwrhsh pros toys Palaistinioys sto plaisio mias mellontikhs eirhneytikhs symfwnias.

    Eidhsh: 15446

    [06] Ekrhjh se panepisthmiakh estia sto Monpelie

    Ekrhjh shmeiwqhke to prwi se diamerisma panepisthmiakhs estias sto Monpelie me apotelesma na traymatistoyn epta anqrwpoi, apo toys opoioys oi dyo sobara, anakoinwqhke apo thn astynomia kai thn Pyrosbestikh Yphresia. Apo thn ekrhjh proklhqhkan shmantikes zhmies sto diamerisma dieykrinise h astynomia kai prosqese pws oi traymaties metaferqhkan sthn panepisthmiakh klinikh ths polhs. Symfwna me ta prwta stoixeia, den exei ginei gnwsto to ti prokalese thn ekrhjh, omws oi astynomikoi ejetazoyn thn piqanothta na ofeiletai se ekrhktika. Oi peripoy 100 enoikoi toy ktirioy apomakrynqhkan kai, opws dhlwse ekproswpos ths topikhs dikastikhs arxhs, diejagetai ereyna.

    Phgh: Galliko Praktoreio, APE-MPE

    Eidhsh: 15445

    [07] Mparaz emprhstikwn epiqesewn

    Stoxos emprhstikwn epiqesewn me molotof kai gkazakia eginan th nyxta epta I.X., dyo grafeia etaireiwn security kai ena ypokatasthma trapezas, se diafores perioxes ths prwteyoysas. Sth symbolh twn odwn Dwdekanhsoy kai Ikonioy, sth Nea Iwnia, h fwtia epektaqhke apo oxhma se grafeia toy isogeioy kai toy prwtoy orofoy. Zhmies ypesth, ston Xolargo, kai to aytokinhto toy prwhn ypoyrgoy Dhmosias Tajhs Shfh Balyrakh.

    Stoxos oxhmata kai grafeia

    Oi emprhsmoi arxisan stis 23.35 to brady me dyo taytoxrona "xtyphmata" se egkatastaseis etairiwn ''sekioyriti'' ston Kolwno kai sth Nea Iwnia.

    Oi agnwstoi drastes topoqethsan aytosxedio emprhstiko mhxanismo me gkazakia sthn eisodo apoqhkhs me eidh synagermoy etairias idiwtikhs asfaleias sthn odo Timaioy 26 ston Kolwno, apo thn ekrhjh toy opoioy proklhqhke pyrkagia, h opoia projenhse shmantikes zhmies sto isogeio.

    Thn idia wra ejerraghsan alloi dyo paromoioi emprhstikoi mhxanismoi se dyo ktiria allhs etairias ''sekioyriti'' sthn odo Dwdekanhsoy 1 sth Nea Iwnia. Apo th mia pyrkagia proklhqhkan sobares zhmies sto ypogeio, isogeio kai prwto orofo toy ktirioy, kaqws kai se ena aytokinhto ths etairias, enw apo to deytero mhxanismo proklhqhkan zhmies sthn eisodo toy alloy ktirioy.

    Oi pyrkagies sbhsthkan apo thn Pyrosbestikh Yphresia.

    Ligo argotera, kai se diasthma dyo leptwn apo tis 02.13 mexri tis 02.15 ta jhmerwmata, shmeiwqhkan tesseris emprhstikes epiqeseis.

    Sthn odo Eleyqerioy Benizeloy 58 sth Nea Smyrnh, ejerragh mhxanismos me gkazakia sthn eisodo ths Trapezas Kyproy, opoy proklhqhkan mikres ylikes zhmies.

    Taytoxrona agnwstoi pyrpolhsan me eyflekto yliko to IX aytokinhto toy prwhn ypoyrgoy Shfh Balyrakh sthn odo Aspasias 70, ston Xolargo, ena IX forthgo toy soyper market "Sklabeniths" sthn odo Pantyxtioy 1 sthn Kycelh, kai ena aytokinhto toy Texnikoy Epimelhthrioy toy Kratoys sthn odo Trikalwn 30 stoys Ampelokhpoys.

    Ereyna gia tis epiqeseis dienergeitai apo thn Asfaleia.

    Phges: NET 105.8, APE-MPE

    Eidhsh: 15438

    [08] Fylakes: Synexizontai oi kinhtopoihseis- Poies oi eishghseis toy KESF pros Xatzhgakh

    Synexizontai oi kinhtopoihseis twn kratoymenwn stis fylakes ths xwras, me basiko aithma th beltiwsh twn synqhkwn krathshs toys. Sthn apergia peinas poy jekinhse peripoy prin apo mia ebdomada stis 21 fylakes ths xwras, symmetexoyn xiliades kratoymenoi. Sto pleyro twn kratoymenwn exoyn taxqei h syntonistikh epitroph twn proedrwn twn Dikhgorikwn Syllogwn ths xwras, h Ellhnikh Enwsh gia ta Dikaiwmata toy Anqrwpoy kai alloi foreis. To ypoyrgeio Dikaiosynhs, apo thn pleyra toy, exei anakoinwsei oti "apo kairo twra ejetazei ta qemata beltiwshs twn synqhkwn krathshs kai diafores eynoikes ryqmiseis gia kathgories kratoymenwn, exontas oloklhrwsei ena kyklo epafwn kai synergasiwn me armodioys koinwnikoys foreis kai paragontes toy xwroy ths Dikaiosynhs". Malista, oi ryqmiseis aytes, symfwna me to ypoyrgeio Dikaiosynhs, "prokeitai n' anakoinwqoyn syntoma kai qa exoyn sygkekrimeno xarakthra kai xronodiagramma ylopoihshs". Shmera synedriase to Kentriko Episthmoniko Symboylio Fylakwn (KESF), me qema ta aithmata twn kratoymenwn, proteinontas metajy allwn meiwsh toy anwtatoy orioy profylakishs apo 18 se 12 mhnes, ayjhsh twn hmerwn adeias kratoymenwn, ejagora poinwn fylakishs mexri pente eth kai epektash ths yf' orwn apolyshs gia baria asqeneis kratoymenoys.

    Eishghseis toy Kentrikoy Episthmonikoy Symboylioy Fylakwn

    To KESF, poy synedriase ypo thn proedria toy Genikoy Grammatea toy ypoyrgeioy Dikaiosynhs Kwnstantinoy Gkletsoy, oristikopoihse tis eishghseis toy pros ton ypoyrgo Dikaiosynhs, oi opoies einai oi akoloyqes:

    1) H metatroph se xrhmatikh ths perioristikhs ths eleyqerias poinhs mexri pente eth (efapaj efarmogh toy metroy). H metatroph na einai aytomath ektos ean to dikasthrio, me eidika aitiologhmenh apofash, krinei oti h xrhmatikh poinh den arkei gia na apotrapei o katadikos apo thn telesh allwn ajiopoinwn prajewn.

    2) Oi katadikasqentes gia diaprajh plhmmelhmatwn na apolyontai efoson exoyn ektisei to 1/5 ths poinhs gia dieth katadikh kai to 1/3 ths poinhs gia katadikh megalyterh twn dyo etwn (efapaj efarmogh toy metroy). Den prepei na kwlyetai h ypo oroys apolysh twn kratoymenwn apo th mh katabolh twn dikastikwn ejodwn kai ths xrhmatikhs poinhs poy tyxon epiblhqhke.

    3) Na isxyei kai gia toys katadikasqentes gia narkwtika h ektish twn 3/5 ths poinhs gia thn apolysh toys, me ejairesh aytoys poy exoyn katadikasqei kaq' ypotroph h askoyn emporia narkwtikwn kat' epaggelma h kata synhqeia h poy emporeyqhkan idiaitera megalh posothta narkwtikwn.

    4) To anwtato orio ths proswrinhs krathshs (profylakishs) na periorisqei stoys 12 mhnes apo 18 poy einai shmera, me ejairesh ta adikhmata gia ta opoia problepetai anwtato orio poinhs kaqeirjhs 20 etwn h isobia, sta opoia mporei na parataqei gia eji akomh mhnes.

    5) H adeia twn kratoymenwn na ayjhqei kata mia mera (apo pente se eji meres), peran twn dyo hmerwn poy xorhgoyntai gia odoiporika. Me th ryqmish ayth qa epektaqei to dikaiwma adeias se kratoymenoys se 36 ews 48 hmeres to xrono.

    6) Na problefqei sygxwneysh twn pros ektelesh peiqarxikwn poinwn twn fylakismenwn.

    7) Na problefqei h epektash ths yf' orwn apolyshs kai stis kathgories twn tetraplhgikwn, twn tyflwn, twn pasxontwn apo xronia nefrikh aneparkeia kai apo anqektikh fymatiwsh.

    O k. Xatzhgakhs, afoy eyxaristhse ta melh toy KESF gia thn enasxolhsh toys me th meleth twn problhmatwn krathshs kai diabiwshs mesa stis fylakes, diabebaiwse oti qa katabalei kaqe dynath prospaqeia prokeimenoy na ylopoihqoyn oi protaseis aytes. Parallhla, edwse entolh na perilhfqei sto nomosxedio gia thn Iatrodikastikh Yphresia, h Eyrwpaikh Odhgia 757/2004, me thn opoia kaqorizontai sygxrona plaisia poinwn gia tis ypoqeseis narkwtikwn.

    Epishs, me dyo eidikes egkyklioys poy ypegrace o k. Gkletsos kai apestalhsan pros toys dieyqyntes twn fylakwn ths xwras, synistatai:

    - Eidikh aitiologhsh twn apofasewn apo ta armodia organa twn logwn aporrichs ths aithshs kratoymenwn, prokeimenoy na toys xorhghqoyn taktikes kai ektaktes adeis.

    - Ish metaxeirish oswn kratoymenwn epiqymoyn na ypaxqoyn stis diatajeis gia ta eyergetika hmeromisqia. - - Telos, symfwna me to ypoyrgeio Dikaiosynhs, to synolo twn eynoikwn ryqmisewn poy proteinei pros ylopoihsh to KESF, afora thn apofylakish peripoy 1.500 kratoymenwn.

    Eidhsh: 15414

    [09] Dhmotikes ekloges diejagontai sto Israhl

    Peripoy 4,7 ekatommyria Israhlinoi proserxontai apo to prwi shmera stis kalpes gia tis dhmotikes ekloges, me thn prosoxh strammenh sthn Ieroysalhm. Oi kalpes anoijan stis 07:00 topikh wra kai wra Elladas kai qa kleisoyn stis 22:00. Ekloges diejagontai se 159 dhmoys kai koinothtes, symperilambanomenwn twn ebraikwn oikismwn ths Dytikhs Oxqhs, twn ycipedwn toy Gkolan kai ths anatolikhs Ieroysalhm, oi palaistinioi katoikoi ths opoias mporoyn na chfisoyn. Ta thleoptika diktya ths xwras qa metadwsoyn tis prwtes ektimhseis gia ta apotelesmata ligo meta to telos ths chfoforias. Oi chfoforoi mporoyn na rijoyn dyo chfodeltia stis kalpes, ena gia thn anadeijh dhmarxoy kai ena gia ta melh twn dhmotikwn symboyliwn. Gia na eklegei enas ypochfios dhmarxos apo ton prwto gyro, qa prepei na sygkentrwsei pososto 40%.

    Sthn Ieroysalhm, h maxh qa doqei anamesa ston yperorqodojo ypochfio, to rabbino Meir Poroys kai ton anejarthto epixeirhmatia Nir Mparkat. O tritos diekdikhths ths dhmarxias einai o rwsikhs katagwghs disekakatommyrioyxos Arkanti Gkaintama, o opoios elpizei na kanei thn ekplhjh.

    Eidhsh: 15389

    [10] Paroysiash fwtografikoy leykwmatos Xrwmata toy Neroy

    To "zeidwron" ydwr kai tis apotypwseis se oles tis morfes toy, apo toys poloys mexri ton Ishmerino, katagrafoyn sto fwtografiko leykwma toys "H2O Xrwmata toy Neroy", oi fwtografoi Nikos Petroy kai Kwstas Bidakhs.

    "Oi polites oloy toy kosmoy prepei na antilhfqoyn th shmasia toy neroy gia thn idia toys thn epibiwsh kai oi kybernhseis na anazhthsoyn epeigontws lyseis mesa apo synergasies" tonise me xairetismo toy mesw binteo poy problhqhke kata thn paroysiash toy leykwmatos, sto Iwniko Kentro, o Epitropos ths E.E. gia to Periballon, Stayros Dhmas. Sto idio binteo, o epitropos anefere oti h politikh ths E.E. gia ta ydata exei hdh apoferei shmantika apotelesmata, wstoso, h enhmerwsh kai h eyaisqhtopoihsh toy kosmoy einai aparaithth gia na mporesoyn na proxwrhsoyn aytes oi draseis kai na feroyn apotelesmata. Se ayto to plaisio katanohshs ths anypologisths ajias toy neroy kai ths prostasias toy entassetai to leykwma, katelhge sto mhnyma toy o k. Dhmas.

    "Sygkinhtika omorfo" kai "poly shmantiko" xarakthrise to leykwma twn dyo dhmioyrgwn o idryths ths Ellhnikhs Etaireias Periballontos kai Politismoy, Kwstas Karras. Epipleon, o k. Karras anelyse to aisqhtiko apotelesma twn fwtografiwn kai milhse gia to zhthma ths prostasias toy neroy, qigontas to qema toy xwrotajikoy sxediasmoy.

    Gia tis "anejantlhtes" dynatothtes apeikonishs toy neroy ekane logo o enas ek twn dhmioyrgwn toy leykwmatos, Kwstas Bidakhs kalwsorizontas to koino se "ena tajidi sta xrwmata toy neroy".

    Stis dyskolies poy synanthse kata th fwtografhsh se diafores perioxes toy kosmoy anaferqhke o eteros dhmioyrgos, ston opoio anhkoyn kai ta keimena toy leykwmatos, Nikos Petroy kai mnhmoneyse ta tajidia toy stis "stegnes" xwres ths N. Afrikhs, ekei opoy, opws ypogrammise, "mporei kaneis na syllabei th dynamh toy neroy".

    To syntonismo ths paroysiashs kai ths syzhthshs ekane o dhmosiografos Takhs Kampylhs.

    Eidhsh: 15142

    [11] Ekqesh me jylografies kai liqografies G. Barlamoy

    Ekqesh me jylografies kai liqografies poy filotexnhse o Giwrghs Barlamos gia to myqistorhma "Dafnhs kai Xloh toy Loggoy" (ekdoseis "Diattwn", se metafrash Rodh Royfoy), paroysiazetai sto bibliopwleio toy Morfwtikoy Idrymatos Eqnikhs Trapezhs (Amerikhs 13). To ergo "Dafnhs kai Xloh" einai mia poimenikh erwtikh myqistoria poy diadramatizetai sth Lesbo, patrida toy syggrafea, ton opoio h sygxronh ereyna topoqetei stis arxes toy 3oy aiwna m.X.

    To ergo afhgeitai thn peripeteia dyo ekqetwn paidiwn poy agapioyntai xwris na jeroyn ti einai o erwtas, mia istoria gemath nostalgia gia th xamenh aqwothta. O Giwrghs Barlamos dhmioyrgei mia nea ekdosh toy "Dafnhs kai Xloh". Ajiopoiwntas tis gnwseis ths xaraktikhs kai ths typografias, dinei th dikh toy apoch me eikones kai ychla aisqhmata, bazontas thn proswpikh toy sfragida sto ergo. Epishmainei tis diaxronikes ajies metajy twn anqrwpwn kai embaqynei stis sxeseis toys me to fysiko periballon. Sto ergo toy Barlamoy, h fysh apotelei to olon mesa sto opoio yparxei o anqrwpos.

    O Giwrghs Barlamos gennhqhke to 1922 sthn Paro, spoydase zwgrafikh sthn ASKT, me daskaloys ton Argyro kai ton Parqenh, kai xaraktikh me daskalo ton Kefallhno, me ton opoio synergasthke epi dekatessera xronia. Sth dekaetia toy 1950 spoydase sth Sxolh Kalwn Texnwn toy Parisioy, xaraktikh sto ergasthrio Kami, kaqws kai thn texnh toy grammatoshmoy sto Texniko Kolegio Estien. O Giwrghs Barlamos exei filotexnhsei anariqmhta zwgrafika kai xaraktika erga, exei epimelhqei kai eikonografhsei panw apo 200 biblia, symballontas sthn anaptyjh ths texnhs toy biblioy sth xwra mas. Epishs exei filotexnhsei afises koinwnikoy periexomenoy. Apo thn ogkwdh ayth paragwgh, jexwrizoyn h mnhmeiwdhs ekdosh Deka Leykes Lhkyqoi, gia thn opoia ergasthkan o Kefallhnos kai oi maqhtes toy Loyiza Montesantoy, Damianakhs kai Barlamos, kaqws kai h polytelhs tritomh ekdosh twn tragwdiwn toy Sofoklh, eikonografhmenh me akoyareles. Elabe meros kai brabeythke se dieqneis ekqeseis (Mosxa, Beligradi, Leicia, Parisi, Loygkano k.a.) enw gia to synolo toy ergoy toy timhqhke apo thn Akadhmia Aqhnwn (1995).

    H ekqesh qa parameinei anoikth ews tis 11 Ianoyarioy 2009.

    Wres leitoyrgias : Deyt. - Tet. - Sab. 9.30 - 15.30 Tr. - Pem. - Par. 9.30 - 20.00Plhrofories : thl. 210 36.14.143 - 210 32.34.267

    Eidhsh: 15141

    [12] Tailandh: Neo kroysma ths griphs twn pthnwn

    Trito kroysma griphs twn pthnwn mesa sto 2008 entopisthke sthn Tailandh, opws anakoinwse o ypoyrgos Gewrgias ths xwras, Somsak Prisananaqakoyl. Ayth thn fora to kroysma htan se poylerika eleyqerhs boskhs sthn eparxia toy Soykotai, sto boreio meros ta ths xwras, opoy breqhke ena nekro kotopoylo, molysmeno apo ton io H5N1. Amesws ejontwqhkan kai ta ypoloipa kotopoyla poy briskontan mazi enw h perioxh se aktina enos xiliometroy khryxqhke nosogonos zwnh kai qanatwqhkan synolika peripoy 200 poylerika.

    Eidhsh: 15339

    [13] Oi aristeroxeires exoyn perissoteres anastoles kai apwqhseis

    Oi aristeroxeires dinoyn kaqhmerines maxes prosarmoghs se ena kosmo ftiagmeno gia dejioxeires, wstoso fainetai pws exoyn ena akoma "metwpo" maxhs sto nohtiko kai cyxologiko tomea, kaqws mia nea ereyna yposthrizei oti einai pio epirrepeis sto agxos, tis anastoles kai tis apwqhseis. Otan prokeitai na kanoyn kati, oi aristeroxeires teinoyn na amfitalanteyontai perissotero apo toys dejioxeires, poy einai pio grhgoroi kai ayqormhtoi stis apofaseis toys, symfwna me thn ypeyqynh ths ereynas symperiforikh cyxologo Lin Rait toy bretanikoy panepisthmioy toy Ntanti.

    Se mia seira apo test analyshs ths symperiforas, oi aristeroxeires epedeijan perissoteres anastoles kai anapofasistikothta, enw oi gynaikes emfanisan megalyterh distaktikothta ekfrashs twn synaisqhmatwn toys. Se sxesh me toys dejioxeires, oi aristeroxeires kai oi gynaikes htan piqanotero na symfwnhsoyn me dhlwseis toy typoy "anhsyxw mhpws kanw laqh" kai "h kritikh h h epiplhjh me plhgwnoyn poly".Symfwna me thn ereynhtria, oi parathroymenes diafores piqanws ofeilontai stis diafores twn dyo hmisfairiwn. Stoys aristeroxeires to deji hmisfairio einai kyriarxo kai einai ekeino poy fainetai na elegxei tis arnhtikes pleyres toys.

    PHGES: APE-MPE

    Eidhsh: 15183

    [14] Syxnooyria: Prostasia apo karkino ths oyrodoxoy kysths

    H nyxterinh syxnooyria exei th qetikh ths pleyra, kaqws yparxei amesh sxesh anamesa stis fores poy shkwnetai kapoios mesa sth nyxta gia na oyrhsei kai sthn piqanothta emfanishs karkinoy ths oyrodoxoy kysths. Oses perissoteres fores, toso mikroteros o kindynos, symfwna me mia nea meleth poy dhmosieyetai sto "International Journal of Cancer", symfwna me thn hlektronikh yphresia Science Daily. O nyxterinos ypnos einai h megalyterh periodos poy mesolabei anamesa se dyo oyrhseis.

    Symfwna me ton epikefalhs ths meleths, ereynhth Xoyan Algoyasil apo to ispaniko panepisthmio ths Xoyelba, oso perissotero paramenoyn sthn oyrodoxo kysth karkinogonoi paragontes, opws oysies apo to kapnisma, toso ayjanetai h piqanothta emfanishs karkinoy ths oyrodoxoy kysths. Oso perissotero nero pinei kaneis kai oyrei syxnotera, o kindynos toy karkinoy ths oyrodoxoy kysths meiwnetai. Symfwna me thn ereyna, osoi shkwnontai toylaxiston dyo fores mesa sth nykta gia oyrhsh, meiwnoyn ton kindyno kata 40-59%. H prostasia ayth isxyei toso gia toys andres oso kai gia tis gynaikes. Oi ereynhtes epishmainoyn oti ayth h anakalych ths ereynas prepei na ajiopoihqei pleon se iatriko-nosokomeiako epipedo, prokeimenoy na meiwqoyn oi ogkoi sthn oyrodoxo kysth. Peripoy 357.000 nea kroysmata ths sygkekrimenhs morfhs karkinoy diapistwnontai kaqe xrono ston kosmo, enw 143.000 qanatoi katagrafontai ethsiws. O karkinos ths oyrodoxoy kysths einai apo toys syxnoteroys dieqnws kai ta peristatika toy ayjanontai (idiws metajy twn gynaikwn, opoy mexri twra hsan spania), oso megalwnei to prosdokimo zwhs twn anqrwpwn. Oi eidikoi ektimoyn oti, oso ayjanetai to kapnisma sto gynaikeio plhqysmo, sto ameso mellon ta kroysmata apo th sygkekrimenh morfh karkinoy qa einai analoga kai sta dyo fyla. To kyrio proeidopoihtiko shmadi einai aima sta oyra.

    Eidhsh: 15182

    [15] O egkefalos diabazei sta proswpa twn allwn

    Mesa ston anqrwpino egkefalo yparxei enas mhxanismos poy epitrepei stoys anqrwpoys na kaqorizoyn thn fysikh dynamh kai thn maxhtikh ikanothta twn allwn gyrw toys, estiazontas sto panw meros toy swmatos toys. Ayto poy einai omws akoma pio ajioshmeiwto einai oti ayth h ajiologhsh -kai malista me mysthriwdh akribeia- mporei na ginei apo ton egkefalo akoma kai an to mono poy blepei apo toys alloys einai to proswpo toys, ara to proswpo antanakla th swmatikh dynamh.

    Symfwna me thn ereyna omadas episthmonwn toy panepisthmioy ths Kalifornias-Santa Mparmpara, poy dhmosieyetai sto periodiko "Proceedings of Royal Society", gia toys progonoys mas htan zhthma zwhs h qanatoy na krinoyn swsta th swmatikh dynamh enos dynhtikoy antipaloy, gi' ayto aneptyjan ena mhxanismo ston egkefalo, poy epitrepei na ajiologei amesa kai swsta poso epikindynos antipalos einai kapoios aplws kai mono koitwntas to proswpo toy. Epeidh sto parelqon h dynamh kaqorizotan prwtistws apo tis diastaseis toy panw meroys toy anqrwpinoy swmatos, htan se ayto akribws poy prwtistws estiazan thn prosoxh toys oi antipaloi kai etsi to anqrwpino myalo katelhje na ejiswnei yposyneidhta th sxetikh eikona me th baqmo antagwnistikothtas kai maxhtikothtas toy apenanti. Ayto omws poy einai ligotero anamenomeno kai pio mysthriwdes, symfwna me toys ereynhtes, einai oti o egkefalos katorqwse stadiaka na "diabazei" thn genikoterh swmatikh dynamh sto proswpo kai mono toy en dynamei antipaloy.

    Oi ereynhtes (metajy aytwn h Lhda Kosmidh, kaqhghtria cyxologias kai syndieyqyntria toy Kentroy Ejeliktikhs Cyxologias toy panepisthmioy) aneferan oti o idios mhxanismos leitoyrgei me diaforetiko stoxo sta dyo fyla: stoys andres ws "barometro" gia dynhtikes apeiles apo alloys andres kai prokeimenoy na apofasisoyn poso epiqetikoi h symbibastikoi qa prepei na einai se sxesh me ton ekastote antipalo, enw stis gynaikes gia na briskoyn arsenikoys poy qa prostateyoyn kalytera tis idies kai ta paidia toys.

    Einai ajioshmeiwto oti oyte oi andres oyte oi gynaikes mporoyn apo to proswpo kai mono na ajiologhsoyn swsta th fysikh dynamh mias gynaikas, kati anamenomeno, kata toys ejeliktikoys cyxologoys, epeidh diaxronika h bia htan "pronomio" twn andrwn kai o anqrwpinos egkefalos (toso o andrikos oso kai o gynaikeios) exei "ekpaideyqei" na anagnwrizei thn andrikh kai oxi th gynaikeia dynamh. Oi episthmones, me peraiterw ereynes, qa epidiwjoyn na analysoyn poia akribws shmeia toy proswpoy einai ayta poy leitoyrgoyn ws kat' ejoxhn shmeia-symbola gia th dynamh toy panw meroys toy swmatos. Mia ektimhsh einai oti oi andres me ychloterh testosteronh (poy, metajy allwn, synepagetai pio dynato sagoni kai pio entona frydia) aneptyjan sthn poreia ths ejelijhs swmata pio dynata kai ayto apotypwnetai sto proswpo toys.

    Eidhsh: 15131

    [16] O mystikos ...brwmikos kosmos twn gynaikeiwn xeriwn

    Oloi prepei na plenoyn syxna ta xeria toys gia na prostateyontai apo ta mikrobia, omws fainetai pws ayto prepei na isxyei akoma pio poly gia tis gynaikes, afoy ta dika toys xeria exoyn panw toys mia poly megalyterh poikilia bakthriwn se sxesh me twn andrwn, parolo poy statistika oi gynaikes ontws plenoyn ta xeria syxnotera apo toys andres, symfwna me nea ereyna toy panepisthmioy toy Koloranto twn HPA. Parallhla, oi ereynhtes diapistwsan oti oloi, andres kai gynaikes, exoyn polloys perissoteroys typoys bakthriwn sta xeria toys, apo to anamenomeno, opws anaferetai se dhmosieymata toy Associated Press kai toy New Scientist.

    Oi ypeyqynoi ths ereynas Romp Nait, kaqhghths bioxhmeias, kai Noa Firer, kaqhghths ejeliktikhs biologias, ejeplaghsan epishs poso diaforetika bakthria "koybaloysan" sta xeria toys oi diaforetikoi anqrwpoi, alla kai poso diaforetikh htan h poikilia anamesa sta dyo xeria toy idioy atomoy.

    H ereyna, poy dhmosieyetai sto periodiko "Proceedings" ths Eqnikhs Akadhmias Episthmwn twn HPA, xrhsimopoiwntas th sygxronh meqodo analyshs toy bakthridiakoy DNA, diapistwse thn yparjh synolika 4.742 bakthriwn sta anqrwpina xeria (100 fores perissotera se sxesh me tis prohgoymenes ereynes), ek twn opoiwn mono ta pente breqhkan se ola ta xeria (streptokokos, stafylokokos, laktobakilos k.a.), enw to 45% xarakthristhkan spania eidh.

    Kata meso oro ena anqrwpino xeri filojenei 150 eidh bakthriwn. To aristero kai to deji xeri toy idioy anqrwpoy exoyn koino mono to 17% twn synolikwn bakthriwn. Orismena bakthria einai syxnotera sto aristero h to deji xeri, analoga me to poio apo ta dyo einai to kyriarxo, an dhladh to atomo einai dejioxeiras h aristeroxeiras.

    Oi episthmones den exoyn bebaih apanthsh sto erwthma giati oi gynaikes einai foreis perissoterwn bakthriwn, alla mia ermhneia sxetizetai me thn ojythta toy dermatos, kaqws oi andres genika exoyn megalyterh ojythta, se sxesh me tis gynaikes, gegonos poy "apoqarrynei" ta bakthria. Alles piqanes ermhneies einai oi diafores anamesa sta dyo fyla oson afora thn paragwgh idrwta kai allwn ekkrisewn twn adenwn, h syxnothta efarmoghs enydatikwn kai allwn kosmhtikwn proiontwn, to paxos toy dermatos h h paragwgh diaforetikwn ormonwn.

    Oi gynaikes exoyn ejalloy synhqws perissotera bakthria poy zoyn katw apo thn epifaneia toy dermatos, ara einai aprosita sto plysimo. Oi ereynhtes dieykrinisan pantws oti mono mia mikrh meiochfia twn bakthriwn einai blaberh kai paqogona kai ta perissotera bakthria einai eite akindyna eite epwfelh.

    Oi ereynhtes tonisan thn anagkh gia syxno plysimo twn xeriwn, omws epeshmanan oti to plysimo den ejaleifei pragmatika ta bakthria. Eite oi apoikies twn bakthriwn ejaplwnontai jana - kai malista grhgora- meta to plysimo, eite aplws to plysimo den apomakrynei kan ejarxhs ta bakthria.

    Ayth h aprosmenh poikilia mikroorganismwn mporei na dhmioyrghsei problhmata gia to Programma Anqrwpinoy Mikrobiwmatos, poy jekinhse perysi me stoxo na kaqorisei pws oi mikrobiakoi "syntajidiwtes" mas syneisferoyn stis asqeneies kai sthn ygeia.

    Apo thn allh, symfwna me toys ereynhtes, apodeiknyetai oti oi anqrwpoi afhnoyn pisw toys ena "bakthriako daktyliko apotypwma", poy mporei na epitrecei ton prosdiorismo twn antikeimenwn, ta opoia ena sygkekrimeno atomo exei aggijei, aplws analyontas thn poikilia twn mikroorganismwn sta xeria toy.

    Eidhsh: 15109

    [17] Tokio: Synelhfqh 9xronos odhgos

    H astynomia toy Tokio synelabe enan enniaxrono poy odhgoyse to aytokinhto toy patera toy, meta apo thlefwnhma agnwstoy sthn astynomia oti eqeaqh aytokinhto na kineitai ...xwris odhgo. To agori phre to aytokinhto, to opoio htan parkarismeno me to kleidi panw sth miza sto spiti ths oikogeneias toy sthn polh Gkifoy ths kentrikhs Iapwnias me skopo na...episkefqei thn giagia toy, symfwna me thn astynomia. "Emaqa blepontas ton patera moy na odhgei kai apo ta video-games", feretai na eipe o mikros stoys astynomikoys, opws metedwse to praktoreio eidhsewn Kyodo. H astynomia entopise to aytokinhto parkarismeno se xwro staqmeyshs aytokinhtwn kaqws o mikros odhgos toy eixe xasei ton dromo.

    Eidhsh: 15231

    [18] Panhgyria sthn ...Ompama ths Iapwnias

    Me xoroys kai tragoydia oi katoikoi se mia mikrh polh ths Iapwnias poy onomazetai Ompama etoimazontai na giortasoyn thn bradia twn amerikanikwn eklogwn qewrwntas bebaih th nikh toy dhmokratikoy ypochfioy. Forwntas mployzakia me to synqhma "Agapw ton Ompama", peripoy 50 andres, gynaikes kai paidia, ejaskhqhkan sto xoyla-xoyp mesa sto sabbatokyriako, gia na timhsoyn ton gennhmeno sth Xonoloyloy ypochfio elpizontas oti, ws mellontikos proedros twn HPA, mia mera qa episkefqei kai thn polh toys.

    "Eimai kata 85% sigoyros oti o Ompama qa kerdisei ", dhlwse o idiokthths jenodoxeioy, Seitzi Foytzioyara, o opoios hgeitai mias omadas yposthriktwn toy ypochfioy proedroy, elpizontas oti to onoma toy Ompama, an eklegei, qa proselkysei toyristes sth...synonomath ayth polh toys twn 32.000 katoikwn.

    Ta toyristika katasthmata sthn polh exoyn gemisei me mia eyreia gkama apo soybenir poy feroyn to onoma toy Ompama: apo kalamia carematos kai mployzakia ews keik kai tsopstiks.

    O Ompama exei megalh dhmotikothta oxi mono sthn polh Ompama, alla kai sthn ypoloiph Iapwnia.

    Se ereyna poy egine se 3.500 anagnwstes ths efhmeridas Asahi Shimbun, to 73% apanthse oti qa epelege ton Ompama an chfize stis HPA, me molis 7% na dhlwnoyn oti qa chfizan Makein

    Eidhsh: 15053

    [19] H Ompamania sthn Kenya xtypa me mioyzikal

    Se mioyzikal metaferqhke h zwh toy fabori gia thn amerikanikh proedria, Mparak Ompama, oxi omws stis HPA, alla sth geneteira twn progonwn toy, thn Kenya, kai gia liges mono meres. To "Ompama, to Mioyzikal" anebhke thn Kyriakh sto Eqniko Qeatro ths Kenyas, sto Nairompi kai qa paizetai mexri thn Tetarth. Prokeitai gia mia parastash, poy perilambanei xoro, tragoydi kai afhghsh, perigrafontas thn mexri shmera zwh toy geroysiasth.

    "Qelw na xrhsimopoihsw thn parastash, oxi mono gia na afhghqw thn istoria toy Ompama, alla kai gia na enwsw toys kenyates", dhlwse sthn Daily Nation o syggrafeas kai skhnoqeths ths parastashs, Tzortz Orinto.

    H premiera etyxe qermhs ypodoxhs apo toys kenyates, wstoso, kapoioi th xarakthrisan kai ws parastash me marionetes.

    O Mparak Ompama, toy opoioy o eklipwn pateras htan kenyaths, qewreitai hrwas sth xwra ayth ths anatolikhs Afrikhs.

    H giagia toy, Sara Ompama, zei akomh sto mikro xwrio Kogkelo, ths dytikhs Kenyas. Yposthriktes toy eixan kataklysei toys dromoys ap'opoy o Ompama eixe perasei kata thn teleytaia toy episkech sthn Kenya to 2006, kai mia prosfath dhmoskophsh toy BBC diapistwse oti to 80% twn kenyatwn sthrizoyn ton Ompama.

    H "Ompamania" exei kyrieysei th xwra kai anamenetai oti terastia plhqh qa syrreysoyn sthn polh Kisoymoy, konta sto Kogkelo, opoy h yphresia toy BBC sta soyaxili qa metadidei apo apoce to brady, se plhrh kalych, thn eklogikh diadikasia se megalh oqonh.

    Eidhsh: 15048

    [20] Meta ta Xronia Polla, h syllhch

    Ekplhktos emeine enas 49xronos sthn Taiban otan jafnika emfanisthkan enwpion toy astynomikoi me mia toyrta geneqliwn, toy tragoydhsan ta xronia polla kai sth synexeia ton...synelaban. Opws dhlwse thn Paraskryh o epikefalhs ths astynomias, o eortazwn eixe klecei mia xhna gia na giortasei ta geneqlia toy kaqws den eixe kanenan ston kosmo gia na giortasei mazi toy. Gia to adikhma ayto synelhfqh.

    "Htan ta geneqlia toy kai thn eklece gia na giortasei ki etsi toy agorasame mia toyrta", dhlwse o astynomikos Jiao Tsi-liangk. Oi astynomikoi lyphqhkan ton andra, onomati Li, kaqws einai ftwxos, anypandros kai menei se paraphgma, opws eipan oi idioi. Efhmerida ths Taiban dhmosieyse fwtografia toy Li sto astynomiko tmhma na trwei ena kommati apo thn toyrta geneqliwn toy. Par' ola ayta, oi astynomikoi esteilan thn ypoqesh toy ston eisaggelea ki endexomenws na parapemfqei se dikh.

    Eidhsh: 14954

    [21] H nyfh tessarwn etwn, o gampros epta

    H pakistanikh astynomia stamathse sth mesh mia gamhlia teleth sto Karatsi kai synelabe ton ierwmeno, o opoios qa pantreye ena tetraxrono koritsi me ena eptaxrono agori, symfwna me martyries ths astynomias kai pareyriskomenwn. O pakistanikos nomos orizei oti kapoios qa prepei na einai 18 etwn gia na pantreytei, alla kapoioi islamikoi nomoi epitrepoyn sta koritsia na pantreyontai meta thn efhbeia. Para toys nomoys, neara koritsia syxna dinontai gia gamo prokeimenoy na dieyqethqoyn oikogeneiaka xreh.

    H astynomia anakoinwse oti pragmatopoihse efodo se spiti to apogeyma ths Pempths otan kathggeilan oi enoikoi toy ktirioy, anamesa toys ki enas prwhn kybernhtikos ajiwmatoyxos, oti to koritsi to eixe dwsei gia gamo o pateras toy enanti peripoy eji dolariwn.

    "Eixame prosejei oti edw kai dyo meres sygkentrwnotan kosmos sto spiti. Xqes to brady phga ki egw kai diapistwsa oti to koritsaki pantreyotan. Ki etsi kalesame thn astynomia", dhlwse sto Roiters o prwhn ajiwmatoyxos ths kybernhshs, Nazakat Xoysein.

    Eidhsh: 14942

    [22] Trelos ...dikasths ton baftise

    Dikasthrio ths Rwmhs apagoreyse se ena zeygari apo th Genoba na baftisei to gio toy "Paraskeya", metedwse to italiko praktoreio eidhsewn ANSA. Symfwna me toys dikastes to onoma parapempei ston iqagenh yphreth toy Robinswna Kroyso, sto biblio toy Ntaniel Ntafooy, mia morfh poy opws ekrinan "xarakthrizetai apo ypotagh kai katwterothta". Tetoioy eidoys "geloia" onomata blaptoyn toys katoxoys toys, oi opoioi ginontai "antikeimeno eirwneias kai xleyhs", apofanqhkan oi dikastes kai apofasisan to agori na onomastei Gkregkorio, apo to onoma toy agioy poy giortaze thn hmera ths gennhshs toy.

    Eidhsh: 14705

    [23] Sklhrh h doyleia toy pyrosbesth

    Endiaferwn einai o apologismos ths Pempths gia toys Bretanoys pyrosbestes: enas gymnos klefths sfhnwmenos sthn kaminada kai ena xamster-drapeths. Sto Mantsester, klhqhkan na apegklwbisoyn enan 22xrono ypopto, o opoios sthn prospaqeia toy na diafygei apo thn kaminada enos soyper market synelhfqh ...sfhnwmenos kai gymnos, gia na katalhjei se kontino nosokomeio opoy toy parasxeqhkan oi prwtes bohqeies. Sth de Skotia, symfwna me to BBC, oktw pyrosbestes epi pente wres, ejoplismenoi me mia hlektrikh skoypa, mia kaltsa kai mia mikroskopikh kamera byqismenh se sokolata, prospaqoysan mataia na entopisoyn ena xamster katw apo tis jylines sanides toy patwmatos ths 6xronhs Zoi Aplmpi kai ths mhteras ths, stis opoies o idiokthths toy xamster eixe anaqesei proswrina th frontida toy zwoy.

    Eidhsh: 14698

    [24] Anhsyxia apo xrhsh nanoswmatidiwn sta kallyntika

    Oi etairies kallyntikwn pairnoyn aneparkh metra prokeimenoy na diasfalisoyn oti oi kremes proswpoy kai ta alla proionta toys (antihliaka klp), ta opoia periexoyn nanoswmatidia, einai asfalh, symfwna me ekqesh ths bretanikhs organwshs prostasias twn katanalwtwn "Which", opws anaferoyn dhmosieymata toy Guardian kai toy BBC.

    H ekqesh, poy basizetai se symboyles eidikwn se qemata nanotexnologias, proeidopoiei oti mh elegmena apo pleyras asfaleias nanoswmatidia, me platos mexri 80.000 fores mikrotero apo mia anqrwpinh trixa, xrhsimopoioyntai pleon syxna se kallyntika proionta. Ta nanoswmatidia p.x. xrhsimopoioyntai sta anthliaka (synhqws swmatidia diojeidioy toy titanioy h ojeidioy toy ceydargyroy) gia na mplokaroyn apotelesmatikotera thn yperiwdh aktinobolia, sta galaktwmata proswpoy gia na diathroyn kalytera tis bitamines kai tis anti-ojeidwtikes oysies, kaqws kai stis enydatikes kremes gia na skotwnoyn ta bakthria. Epishs, xarh sta nanoswmatidia oi kremes aplwnontai eykolotera kai einai pio aorates panw sto derma. Omws apo tis 67 etairies kallyntikwn poy rwthqhkan apo th Which, mono oi oktw dhlwsan proqymes na dwsoyn analytikes plhrofories gia th xrhsh nanoswmatidiwn sta proionta toys (metajy aytwn oi Body Shop, Boots, Nivea, Avon, L' Oreal, Unilever, Korres kai Green People).

    H nanotexnologia, h nea episthmh xeiragwghshs ths ylhs se mikroskopiko epipedo (atomiko kai moriako), exei oloena perissoteres efarmoges. Apo th mia, yparxoyn oi enqoysiwdeis opadoi ths kai, apo thn allh, polloi exqroi ths h estw skeptikistes gia tis piqanes epiptwseis ths sthn ygeia kai to periballon. Ta nanoswmatidia mporei na symperiferqoyn me asynhqistoys tropoys kai se merikes periptwseis na ginoyn tojika. Oi yfistamenoi kanones asfaleias den perilambanoyn akoma probleceis kai prodiagrafes gia toys kindynoys sth nano-klimaka. Polloi eidikoi, kyriws sthn Eyrwph, epimenoyn oti xreiazontai perissotera test gia tis epidraseis sto derma twn kallyntikwn me nanoswmatidia. Hdh apo to 2004 h Basilikh Etairia Episthmwn toy Londinoy exei zhthsei, me bash thn "arxh ths profylajhs", na yparjoyn meletes ajiologhshs toy kindynoy gia ola ta proionta poy periexoyn nanoswmatidia kai ejefrase twra jana th dysareskeia ths gia thn elleich diafaneias apo tis etairies sto zhthma ayto. Oi xrhstes adynatoyn synhqws na katalaboyn poia kallyntika proionta periexoyn nanoswmatidia, epeidh syxna den yparxei h katallhlh shmansh. Apo thn pleyra toy, ekproswpos ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs dhlwse oti h EE ergazetai sthn kateyqynsh beltiwshs ths ajiologhshs toy kindynoy gia ola ta katanalwtika proionta poy xrhsimopoioyn nano-ylika, symperilambanomenwn twn kallyntikwn.

    Me aformh dhmosieymata toy Guardian kai toy BBC, ta opoia anaferontai se etairies kallyntikwn oi opoies pairnoyn aneparkh metra gia na diasfalisoyn oti oi kremes proswpoy kai alla proionta toys (antihliaka klp) ta opoia periexoyn nanoswmatidia, einai asfalh, h etairia "Korres AE Fysika proionta", me anakoinwsh ths epibebaiwnei oti xrhsimopoiei th nanotexnologia sthn paragwgh orismenwn proiontwn kai dieykrinizei oti "symfwna me thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh Biomhxaniwn Kallyntikwn, Eidwn Proswpikhs Ygieinhs kai Arwmatopoiias (COLIPA), den yparxoyn sygkekrimenes kateyqynthries h ypodeijeis anaforika me th nanotexnologia kai th xrhsh ths sthn kosmhtikh. Prosfates dhmosieyseis topoqetoyn to epiqymhto orio sta 20 nanometra kai proteinetai prolhptika h paragwgh proiontwn se epipeda 20+ nanometers [xwris omws otidhpote katw twn 20 nanometers na xarakthrizetai mh asfales.

    Me gnwmona thn paragwgh poiotikwn proiontwn poy sebontai thn ygeia toy katanalwth, h Korres exei epilejei na xrhsimopoiei th nanotexnologia se epipedo metajy 60 kai 100 nanometrwn, to opoio brisketai poly panw apo to dieqnws prolhptika proteinomeno". Shmeiwnetai oti ta dhmosieymata toy Guardian kai toy BBC, sta opoia sthrixqhke thlegrafhma toy APE-MPE, anaferontai se ekqesh ths bretanikhs organwshs prostasias katanalwtwn "Which".

    H "Korres AE Fysika proionta" dieykrinizei akomh oti "h xrhsh ths nanotexnologias sta epiqymhta epipeda, opws ayta orizontai apo thn episthmonikh koinothta, bohqaei se sygkekrimenes efarmoges opws th swsth diaspora twn anthliakwn filtrwn gia kalyterh antihliakh prostasia. "Gia thn paragwgh twn proiontwn ths, h Korres akoloyqei pista tis prodiagrafes, toys kanonismoys kai ta protypa twn eqnikwn kai eyrwpaikwn organismwn kai forewn poy orizoyn to asfales plaisio oson afora thn ygeia kai to ygeionomiko epipedo ths paragwgikhs diadikasias twn kallyntikwn kai twn proiontwn kosmhtikhs.

    Prosfath ereyna ths WHICH gia th nanotexnologia kai ta kallyntika, paroysiase me mh diafanh/plhrh tropo, th qesh ths Korres para th diaqesh ths etairias na symmetexei sthn ereyna. H WHICH exei anagnwrisei to laqos kai exei epanakykloforhsei thn ereyna sthn opoia pleon paroysiazetai h plhrhs kai akribhs qesh ths Korres, opws ayth anaferetai parapanw", katalhgei h anakoinwsh ths etaireias.

    Eidhsh: 15233

    [25] Biologika kai xhmika opla apo thn arxaiothta ews shmera

    Apo thn arxaiothta akoma xrhsimopoioyntan biologika kai xhmika opla, enw akoma kai h ellhnikh myqologia briqei analogwn paradeigmatwn, me th Lernaia Ydra na skotwnei me thn anapnoh ths anqrwpoys kai zwa, enw o Hraklhs, xrhsimopoiwntas to dhlhthrio ths, kataskeyase dhlhthriwdh belh, texnikh poy akoloyqoyse kai h qea Artemis.

    H diereynhsh kai paroysiash ths xrhshs biologikwn kai xhmikwn oysiwn gia polemikoys skopoys apo thn arxaiothta ews th sygxronh epoxh, apotelei to qema ths meleths twn E. Magiorkinh, A. Diamanth, A. Mhsiakoylh kai G. Androytsoy, apo to Grafeio meleths istorias ellhnikhs naytikhs iatrikhs, to Naytiko Nosokomeio Aqhnwn kai to Ergasthrio Istorias ths Iatrikhs toy Panepisthmioy Aqhnwn. H meleth qa paroysiasqei sto 22o Iatriko Synedrio Enoplwn Dynamewn poy diejagetai sth Qessalonikh.

    Oi prwtes anafores gia xrhsh biologikwn kai xhmikwn oysiwn se periodo polemoy aforoyn th xrhsh biologikwn organismwn (mykhtwn toy genoys Claviceps) apo toys Assyrioys kata ton 16o aiwna p.X. gia doliofqora twn efodiwn posimoy neroy toy exqroy.

    H xrhsh dhlhthrioy zwwn se belh apotelei mia prwimh morfh biologikoy polemoy, h opoia endexomenws na xrhsimopoihqhke kai ston Trwiko polemo, kaqws kai apo toys Skyqes tojotes kai toys Indoys polemistes kata thn ekstrateia toy Megaloy Alejandroy sthn Anatolh. O Karxhdonios strathgos Annibas xrhsimopoioyse doxeia me dhlhthriwdh fidia ta opoia ektojeye pros ta antipala ploia kata th diarkeia ths naymaxias enantion toy Eyrymedona ths Pergamoy. Sto Mesaiwna, yparxoyn anafores poy yposthrizoyn oti h epidhmia toy ``Mayroy Qanatoy'' (boybwnikh panwlh) jekinhse apo ton poliorkia ths Krimaikhs polhs Kapha apo toys Tataroys to 1346 m.X. kata thn opoia eksfendonizan ptwmata apo nekroys ths panwlhs pros thn polh me th bohqeia katapeltwn.

    O byzantinos stratos ekane epishs ektetamenh xrhsh toy ``ygroy pyros'', to opoio piqanotata htan ena migma qeiafioy, retsinioy kai petrelaioy. To 1889, kata th diaskech ths Xaghs, katadikasthke h xrhsh polemikwn aeriwn kai epiblhqhke h apagoreysh toys. Wstoso, epishmh xrhsh twn xhmikwn oysiwn en kairw polemoy egine apo toys Germanoys kata ton A' Pagkosmio Polemo, oi opoioi xrhsimopoihsan dhlhthriwdh aeria (xlwrioy), poy ektojeyan me eidikoys swlhnes enantion twn Gallwn stratiwtwn. To tojiko nefos kinhqhke pros tis grammes toy exqroy, projenwntas terasties apwleies, toso stoys stratiwtes twn xarakwmatwn oso kai ston amaxo plhqysmo twn metopisqen, enw pente mhnes argotera oi Aggloi "apanthsan" me to idio oplo.

    Kata th diarkeia toy idioy polemoy egine kai xrhsh toy yperith, me ton opoio oi Germanoi epeferan tromaktikes apwleies ston exqro. O Moysolini to 1935, ston polemo ths Aiqiopias, ekane ektetamenh xrhsh yperith, enw o Xitler xrhmatodothse ektetamena ereynhtika programmata gia thn ereyna kai paraskeyh xhmikwn oplwn, opws htan to aerio neyrwn. Sthn katexomenh apo toys Iapwnes Matzoyria, h monada 731 toy iapwnikoy stratoy ekane peiramata mikrobiakoy polemoy se Kinezoys polites, xrhsimopoiwntas bakthria xoleras, anqraka, tyfoy kai panwlhs. Meta th lhjh toy B' Pagkosmioy Polemoy, ta peiramata gia xrhsh biologikwn oplwn synexisthkan stis HPA kai sthn ESSD. Kata ton polemo toy Bietnam (1959-1975), oi Amerikanoi xrhsimopoihsan biologikes oysies, opws h agent orange, gia thn apocilwsh twn tropikwn daswn, h opoia ek twn ysterwn apodeixqhke oti exei epiptwseis sthn anqrwpinh ygeia, enw me thn agent blue oi Amerikanoi dhlhthriazan toys oryzwnes me apwtero skopo th doliofqora twn efodiwn twn Bietkogk.

    Meta thn ypografh ths Synqhkhs ths Geneyhs to 1972, gia ta biologika opla, h xrhsh toys exei apagoreyqei, an kai yfistantai synexws kataggelies gia th synexish mystikwn programmatwn. H endexomenh xrhsh biologikwn oplwn apo tromokratikes organwseis (biotromokratia-bioterrorism) apotelei qema syzhthshs, kaqws prosfata einai ta paradeigmata ths epiqeshs me bakthrio salmonelas to 1984 sto Oregkon twn HPA apo boydistikh mystikistikh omada, kaqws kai ths epiqeshs iapwnikhs paraqrhskeytikhs organwshs to 1995 sto metro toy Tokio me to aerio "sarin".

    To 1993 ypografhke dieqnhs synqhkh sto Parisi gia thn apagoreysh twn xhmikwn oplwn, h opoia teqhke se isxy apo to 1997.

    Eidhsh: 15216

    [26] Apekthse spiti sta metra toy

    Sta 57 toy xronia o Kinezos Mpao Sisoyn, poy to ycos toy ftanei ta 2,36 metra, exei kaqe logo na einai xaroymenos: janakerdise ton titlo toy ychloteroy anqrwpoy ston kosmo, egine pateras gia prwth fora kai apekthse epiteloys ena spiti sta metra toy.

    "Aisqanomai pragmatika kala. Exw ton gio moy kai to kainoyrgio mas spiti", dhlwse prosfata o Mpao, o opoios pantreythke prin ena xrono thn 29xronh Sia Soytzoyan, poy exei ycos molis 1,68m. To kainoyrgio spiti ths oikogeneias toy brisketai sto Pekino kai pragmatika exei sxediastei etsi wste na ton xwraei. Oi portes exoyn ycos 2,40 m. kai ta tabania jepernoyn ta tria metra, oso gia ta epipla einai pragmatika terastia. To 2005 o Mpao, boskos apo thn Eswterikh Moggolia, perase sto Biblio Rekor Gkines ws o ychloteros anqrwpos ston kosmo. Oi goneis toy eixan kanoniko ycos kai mexri twra den yparxei iatrikh ejhghsh gia tis diastaseis toy. To 2007 exase ton titlo toy apo enan Oykrano poy, symfwna me giatroys ths xwras toy, exei ycos 2,57m. O Oykranos omws den dexthke na metrhqei epishmws apo anejarthto eidiko kai etsi o titlos janaperase ston Mpao. "Polles fores qa hqela na hmoyn pio kontos", tonise o Mpao, poy eyxetai o gios toy Tianioy na ginei diashmos mpasketmpolistas. Antiqeta h syzygos toy elpizei o mikros na ftasei to poly to ena metro kai 90 ekatosta.

    Eidhsh: 15132

    [27] Mykhtas toy dasoys paragei ntizel

    Enas monadikos mykhtas poy paragei ta basika systatika toy ntizel, anakalyfqhke na zei se dentra twn daswn ths broxhs, symfwna me nea ereyna poy dhmosieyetai sto periodiko "Microbiology" (Mikrobiologia). O mykhtas (me thn onomasia Gliocladium roseum) einai, en dynamei, mia teleiws nea phgh "prasinhs" energeias kai oi episthmones hdh ergazontai gia na anaptyjoyn plhrws to energeiako dynamiko toy mykhta. "Einai o monos organismos poy exei pote breqei na paragei tetoio shmantiko syndyasmo systatikwn twn kaysimwn", dhlwse o ypeyqynos ths ereynas Gkari Strompel, kaqhghths sto kratiko panepisthmio ths Montana twn HPA, o opoios xarakthrise "teleiws aprosmenh kai entypwsiakh" thn anakalych. "O mykhtas mporei na paragei ayta ta systatika twn kaysimwn apo kyttarinh, pragma poy ton kaqista thn kalyterh phgh biokaysimwn apo opoiadhpote allh xrhsimopoieitai twra".

    O mykhtas paragei enan ariqmo diaforetikwn moriwn apo ydrogono kai anqraka (ydrogonanqrakwn kai diaforwn paragwgwn toys), poy yparxoyn sto petrelaio ntizel, to opoio, gi' ayto to logo, onomazetai "myko-ntizel". O mykhtas zei mesa sto dentro Oylmo sto dasos ths Patagwnias sto apwtato akro ths Notias Amerikhs. Otan oi ereynhtes kallierghsan to mykhta sto ergasthrio, parhgage kaysimes oysies akomh pio omoies me to ntizel apo o,ti paragei sto fysiko toy periballon.

    Polla mikrobia paragoyn ydrogonanqrakes, enw oi mykhtes poy zoyn sto jylo, fainontai na paragoyn mia megalh gkama eyflektwn oysiwn. Oi kalliergeies poy xrhsimopoioyntai shmera gia biokaysima, prepei prwta na ypostoyn epejergasia prin metatrapoyn apo mikrobia se xrhsimes kaysimes oysies. Omws o mykhtas ftiaxnei myko-ntizel apeyqeias apo thn kyttarinh, to basiko systatiko twn fytwn kai toy xartioy. Ayto shmainei oti, me th xrhsh toy mykhta, ena stadio sthn paragwgh biokaysimwn (ayto ths epejergasias) mporei na paraleifqei kai h olh diadikasia na ginei taxyterh kai fqhnoterh.

    H kyttarinh kai h ligninh (h "kolla" poy sygkratei toys istoys ths kyttarinhs kai epitrepei sto fyto na orqwqei) apoteloyn ekeino to meros twn fytwn poy ta perissotera zwa den mporoyn na xwnecoyn. Peripoy 430 ekat. tonnoi fytikwn apoblhtwn paragontai apo ena mono megalo agrokthma ethsiws - mia terastia posothta katallhlh gia anakyklwsh. Me tis trexoyses diadikasies paragwghs biokaysimwn, ayta ta apoblhta metatrepontai, me th bohqeia enzymwn kelloylashs, apo kyttarinh se zaxarh, poy sth synexeia, mesw mikrobiwn, yfistatai zymwsh kai ginetai aiqanolh, h opoia apotelei ena apo ta biokaysima.

    O mykhtas, poy molis anakalyfqhke, mporei na xwnecei thn kyttarinh. An kai paragei ligotero myko-ntizel otan trefetai me kyttarinh, se sygkrish me thn metatroph kyttarinhs se zaxara, symfwna me toys ereynhtes, h apodotikothta toy mporei na ayjhqei mesw genetikwn tropopoihsewn.

    Eidhsh: 15110

    [28] Apo ta daktylika sta apotypwmata ths osmhs

    Kaqe anqrwpos exei mia kaqara dikh toy osmh, poy einai diakrith kai anixneysimh, akoma kai otan kanei megales allages sth diatrofh toy. To gegonos ayto, sto mellon, mporei na odhghsei se mia nea meqodo ejakribwshs ths taytothtas kapoioy, analogh me ta daktylika apotypwmata, symfwna me nea ereyna apo to ejeidikeymeno ston tomea ths osfrhshs kai twn osmwn Kentro Monel, poy sxetizetai me to panepisthmio ths Pensilbania twn HPA. Oi ereynhtes toy Kentroy paroysiasan nea xhmika kai alla stoixeia poy deixnoyn oti to swma toy kaqe atomoy ekpempei mia jexwristh myrwdia, ena monimo "apotypwma", analogo me to daktyliko apotypwma h to atomiko DNA. H diakrith ayth myrwdia mporei na anixneytei eite apo th myth enos zwoy eite me xhmika organa, symfwna me thn hlektronikh yphresia Science Daily.

    Ta qhlastika (metajy aytwn kai oi anqrwpoi) exoyn mia monadikh, genetika kaqorismenh, swmatikh osmh, poy bohqa na anagnwrizontai metajy toys. Oi plhrofories gia th diakrith ayth osmh metaferontai mesw twn swmatikwn ygrwn, opws o idrwtas kai ta oyra. To eidos toy faghtoy mporei epishs na ephreasei th swmatikh myrwdia enos atomoy, synepws oi allages sth diatrofh eqewreito mexri twra oti mporoyn na episkiasoyn th genetika kaqorismenh myrwdia kai na apokrycoyn thn "osmhrh taytothta" kapoioy.

    Omws oi ereynhtes toy Kentroy Monel diapistwsan oti telika, para tis diatrofikes allages, ta atomika "osmhra apotypwmata" diathroyntai kai einai anixneysima. H synepeia einai oti, symfwna me ton ypeyqyno ths ereynas xhmiko Jae Kwak, oti "ta biologika osmhra apotypwmata, opws mexri twra ta daktylika, mporoyn na apotelesoyn enan ajiopisto tropo ejakribwshs ths taytothtas enos atomoy", anoigontas th dynatothta gia nees syskeyes taytopoihshs sto mellon.

    Parallhla, mia allh dynatothta einai h ejakribwsh twn diaforetikwn osmhrwn apotypwmatwn enos atomoy analoga me thn katastash ths ygeias toy kai tis asqeneies toy. Mia tetoia ereyna mporei na odhghsei sthn anaptyjh hlektronikwn-xhmikwn aisqhthrwn, poy qa anixneyoyn egkaira kai qa diagignwskoyn mia ejelissomenh asqeneia.

    Eidhsh: 15105

    [29] Magnhtikes pyles ston Hlio

    Mexri na diabasete ayth thn eidhsh, qa symbei kati chla panw apo ta kefalia sas, to opoio mexri twra oi perissoteroi episthmones den pisteyan oti mporei na symbainei. Mia magnhtikh pylh qa anoijei syndeontas th Gh me ton Hlio, poy apexoyn metajy toys peripoy 150 ekat. xlm. Tonoi swmatidiwn ychlhs energeias qa eisreysoyn apo to anoigma, prin ayto kleisei jana, molis teleiwsete thn anagnwsh ths eidhshs ayths. To fainomeno onomazetai "symban metabibashs magnhtikhs rohs" symfwna me ton fysiko Ntehbint Simpek toy Kentroy Diasthmikwn Pthsewn Gkontarnt twn HPA, opws anaferei h hlektronikh yphresia Science Daily. Enw mexri prin deka xronia eqewreito anyparkto, shmera yparxoyn adiaseista stoixeia oti oxi mono symbainei, alla malista einai poly synhqismeno.

    Oi episthmones, edw kai kairo, gnwrizan oti h Gh kai o Hlios prepei na syndeontai. H magnhtosfaira ths Ghs (h magnhtikh "foyska" poy periballei ton planhth mas) einai gemath me swmatidia apo ton hlio, poy fqanoyn sth Gh mesw toy hliakoy anemoy kai diapernoyn tis magnhtikes "aspides" ths Ghs. Eiserxontai akoloyqwntas tis grammes toy magnhtikoy pedioy, oi opoies mporoyn na anixneyqoyn apo thn epifaneia toy planhth mas mexri pisw sthn atmosfaira toy hlioy.

    Oi episthmones pisteyan oti h syndesh Ghs-Hlioy htan monimh, alla twra pia, symfwna me ton Simpek, ginetai antilhpto oti ayto den symbainei, kaqws apodeiknyetai oti h syndesh den einai kaqoloy staqerh, alla syxna syntomh, poly dynamikh kai merikes fores ekrhktikh.

    Symfwna me thn anakalych twn magnhtikwn pylwn, h Gh sth diarkeia ths meras (dhladh sthn pleyra poy einai ekteqeimenh ston hlio) piezei to magnhtiko ths pedio panw sto magnhtiko pedio toy hlioy. Peripoy kaqe oktw lepta, ta dyo pedia gia ligo xrono sygxwneyontai h "epanasyndeontai", sxhmatizontas mia "pylh" mesw ths opoias einai dynath h roh twn swmatidiwn. H pylh lambanei th morfh enos magnhtikoy kylindroy me platos peripoy oso h Gh.

    Ta tessera diasthmika oxhmata "Cluster" toy Eyrwpaikoy Organismoy Diasthmatos (ESA) kai ta pente diasthmika oxhmata "Themis" ths NASA exoyn petajei mesa kai gyrw apo aytoys toys kylindroys, metrwntas tis diastaseis toys kai anixneyontas th roh twn swmatidiwn poy kylane sto eswteriko toys. "Oi pyles einai apolytws pragmatikes", tonizei o Simpek.

    Symfwna me tis ereynes twn episthmonwn, oi kylindrikes magnhtikes pyles teinoyn na sxhmatizontai panw apo ton Ishmerino ths Ghs kai meta metakinoyntai pros toys poloys (sto Boreio polo to Dekembrio kai sto Notio polo ton Ioylio).

    Oi ereynhtes exoyn akoma polla anapanthta erwthmata. Giati oi pyles sxhmatizontai kaqe oktw lepta; Pws ta magnhtika pedia sto eswteriko twn kylindrwn peristrefontai speiroeidws;

    Eidhsh: 15104


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