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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 08-11-15

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Efyge o Giwrgos Koiliarhs
  • [02] Tajidia mhdenikhs barythtas gia tolmhroys
  • [03] Ejwplanhtes se gohteytika enstantane

    [01] Efyge o Giwrgos Koiliarhs

    Syntetrimmenh einai h dhmosiografikh oikogeneia, apo thn apwleia toy maximoy dhmosiografoy, Giwrgoy Koiliarh, o opoios eixe traymatistei kata thn diarkeia apostolhs sto Afganistan. O Giwrgos Koiliarhs katelhje arga apoce sto nosokomeio KAT, epeita apo thn polyhmerh maxh, gia na krathqei sth zwh. H dhmosiografikh oikogeneia ths ERT, h dioikhsh oi texnikoi kai oloi oi synadelfoi toy, ekfrazoyn ta eilikrinh, baqia kai qerma syllyphthria, stoys oikeioys toy. Ta syllyphthria ejefrase h kybernhsh kai o politikos kosmos.

    O Giwrgos Koiliarhs, traymatisthke stis 8 Oktwbrioy, ston ayxena kai th spondylikh sthlh, se troxaio sto Afganistan, kata th diarkeia apostolhs toy sthn empolemh zwnh. Ystera apo syntonismenes prospaqeies twn ellhnikwn arxwn, epestrece mesw Ampoy Ntampi, me C-130 sthn Ellada kai noshleythke sto nosokomeio atyxhmatwn KAT.

    Jekinhse th dhmosiografikh toy kariera, stis arxes ths dekaetias toy 80 kai yphrje qiaswths ths dhmosiografias, twn apostolwn, se diakekaymenes zwnes ths yfhlioy, kalyptontas me kindyno ths zwhs toy, reportaz, ws polemikos antapokriths, me poly megalh epityxia.

    Staqhke synephs kai stis ajies ths zwhs kai toy epaggelmatos poy yphretoyse bohqwntas opoy ki an breqhke toys adynamoys kai katatregmenoys, mesw programmatwn anqrwpistikhs bohqeias kai iatrikwn apostolwn. kybernhtikos ekproswpos Eyaggelos Antwnaros se dhlwsh toy ekane logo gia ena maximo dhmosiografos poy se olh toy thn epaggelmatikh diadromh anazhtoyse me afosiwsh thn alhqeia. "Ton xarakthrize h eyaisqhsia, h prosoxh sthn leptomereia kai to ayqentiko endiaferon gia toys anqrwpoys, opws allwste apedeije kai me to teleytaio kai moiraio tajidi toy sto Afganistan Ekfrazw ta eilikrinh syllyphthria moy stoys oikeioys toy.", eipe.

    Eidhsh: 15589

    [02] Tajidia mhdenikhs barythtas gia tolmhroys

    O Eyrwpaikos Organismos Diasthmatos (ESA) xreiazetai kefalaia gia na xrhmatodothsei tis diasthmikes toy ereynes. Etsi, anakoinwse oti apofasise na mpei ki aytos siga-siga sto paignidi toy diasthmikoy toyrismoy, prosferontas sto koino thn eykairia na agorasei thn empeiria mias pthshs diarkeias 11 leptwn se synqhkes sxedon mhdenikhs barythtas. Oi pthseis qa ginontai me aeroplana poy qa kanoyn polles fores apotomh anodo pros to diasthma ypo gwnia 45 moirwn kai "boytia" me gwnia 30 moirwn, symfwna me to Roiters kai to New Scientist. Kapoy sto endiameso, oi epibates qa aisqanontai jana kai jana (gia peripoy 22 deyterolepta kaqe fora) to aisqhma ths apwleias toy baroys toys.

    H texnikh ayth, poy apotelei ena prwto bhma gia ton kanoniko diasthmiko toyrismo mesa se diasthmoploia poy briskontai se troxia gyrw apo th Gh h "denoyn" sto Dieqnh Diasthmiko Staqmo, exei xrhsimopoihqei gia thn ekpaideysh twn astronaytwn, ton elegxo toy diasthmikoy ejoplismoy kai thn episthmonikh ereyna. Ta sxetika aeroplana ths NASA feroyn to eyglwtto onoma "komhtes emetoy".

    H ESA xrhsimopoiei ena eidika tropopoihmeno aeroplano Airbus A300, to opoio anhkei sth gallikh diasthmikh yphresia CNES kai synhqws peta gia ekpaideytikoys logoys panw apo ton Atlantiko wkeano.

    Symfwna me to gallo astronayth Zan-Fransoya Klerboya, epikefalhs ths monadas pthsewn ths CNES, oi pthseis gia epibates me eisithrio qa arxisoyn mesa ston epomeno xrono kai h timh qa kymainetai sta 3.000 eyrw.

    Se liges ebdomades oi eyrwpaioi ypoyrgoi qa prepei na paroyn dyskoles apofaseis gia to ycos toy proypologismoy toy Eyrwpaikoy Organismoy Diasthmatos, en mesw ths dieqnoys oikonomikhs krishs kai piesewn stoys eqnikoys proypologismoys. O ethsios proypologismos ths ESA, peripoy 3 dis. eyrw, einai to ena pempto toy antistoixoy ths amerikanikhs NASA.

    Mia idiwtikh amerikanikh etairia, h Zero Gravity Corp., me edra th Florinta, hdh prosferei analoges pthseis mhdenikhs barythtas me aeroplano kai eisithrio 4.950 dolariwn. Metajy allwn, edwse thn eykairia sto diashmo bretano fysiko Stefen Xokingk, na jexasei to anaphriko karotsaki toy kai na biwsei thn anepanalhpth stigmh ths apwleias baroys.

    Oi pio "proxwrhmenoi" diasthmikoi toyristes plhrwnoyn poly perissotero, gyrw sta 30-35 ekat. dol., prokeimenoy na breqoyn se troxia gyrw apo th Gh, an kai h empeiria ths mhdenikhs barythtas einai akribws idia.

    Eidhsh: 15588

    [03] Ejwplanhtes se gohteytika enstantane

    Thleskopia sthn epifaneia ths Ghs gia prwth fora katorqwsan na paroyn tis prwtes pragmatikes (optikes, dhladh sto orato fws) eikones ejwplanhtwn -kai malista triwn taytoxrona- poy briskontai se troxia gyrw apo ena astro. Parallhla, to troxiako thleskopio "Xampl" anakalyce to diko toy ejwplanhth, ton prwto poy fwtografhqhke apo to sygkekrimeno thleskopio optika, symfwna me dhmosieymata sto Roiter, to Galliko Praktoreio kai to BBC.

    Sthn prwth periptwsh, poy perigrafetai sto periodiko "Science", episthmones apo to Institoyto Astrofysikhs Xertsmpergk kai to Eqniko Ergasthrio Lorens Libermor sthn Kalifornia, xrhsimopoihsan dyo thleskopia sth Xabah kai kataferan na paroyn eikones poy deixnoyn treis gigantioys ejwplanhtes (dhladh planhtes ejw apo to diko mas hliako systhma), oi opoioi periferontai gyrw apo to astro HR8799 ston asterismo toy Phgasoy, se apostash peripoy 130 etwn fwtos apo th Gh. Oi ejwplanhtes exoyn maza 5 ews 13 fores megalyterh toy Dia.

    "Epiteloys, gia prwth fora exoyme pragmatikh eikona apo ena oloklhro systhma ejwplanhtwn", dhlwse o astrofysikos Mproys Makintos, poy symmeteixe sthn anakalych. "Einai ena oroshmo sthn anazhthsh ejwplanhtwn".

    Peripoy 300 ejwplanhtes exoyn mexri twra breqei se troxia gyrw apo astra, kyriws omws me emmeso tropo, anixneyontas thn epidrash poy askoyn sto barytiko pedio toy mhtrikoy astroy toys. Twra omws hrqe h prwth amesh optikh parathrhsh - estw kai an oi eikones einai qoles. "Gia oktw xronia prospaqoysame, xwris epityxia na fwtografhsoyme enan ejwplanhth kai twra exoyme eikones apo treis taytoxrona!", dhlwse o Makintos.

    H amesh anixneysh toy fwtos apo ejwplanhtes qa epitrecei stoys episthmones na melethsoyn th synqesh ths epifaneias toys kai ths atmosfairas toys leptomerws, kati poy den mporei na ginei otan o ejwplanhths entopizetai emmesa.

    Sth deyterh periptwsh, poy epishs dhmosieyetai sto periodiko "Science", omada toy panepisthmioy ths Kalifornias-Mperklei, ypo ton astronomo Pol Kalas, xrhsimopoihse to thleskopio "Xampl", poy brisketai se troxia gyrw apo th Gh, kai katorqwse na trabhjei kanonikes (sto orato fws) fwtografies enos ejwplanhth, poy onomase "Formalhaut b", o opoios brisketai se troxia gyrw apo to mhtriko toy astro "Formalhaut", se apostash 25 etwn fwtos apo th Gh, ston asterismo toy Notioy Ixqyos.

    O ejwplanhths, me maza peripoy oso o Dias, kanei mia plhrh perifora kaqe 872 xronia se apostash 11 dis. milia apo to astro toy kai periballetai apo ena ogkwdh daktylio skonhs. Qewreitai o sygkritika pio cyxros kai me mikroterh maza ejwplanhths poy exei pote breqei.

    Kaneis apo toys neoys ejwplanhtes den qewreitai pantws oti mporei na filojenei zwh, epeidh einai poly megaloi kai kaytoi kai oi troxies toys einai se megales apostaseis apo to astro toys. Oi astronomoi eyelpistoyn omws oti kapoia stigmh qa katorqwsoyn na entopisoyn alla hliaka systhmata me mikroteroys braxwdeis planhtes san th Gh kai ton Arh, pragma omws poly dyskolotero.

    Eidhsh: 15587


    The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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