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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 08-11-16

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Syntonismos kai taxeia drash
  • [02] Nea troph sth diereynhsh toy Batopaidioy
  • [03] Nai ths Alpha sto sxedio enisxyshs twn trapezwn
  • [04] Symboylio ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys sto Mejiko
  • [05] H Rwsia anoixth se diapragmateyseis gia ta antipyraylika
  • [06] Soyper-pontikia sthn yphresia ths ereynas
  • [07] To mellon stis diastaseis toy nanometroy
  • [08] Epimelhthria: Se omhria oi epixeirhseis apo tis trapezes
  • [09] Dieqnes synedrio me qema th nanoparagwgh

    [01] Syntonismos kai taxeia drash

    Ton erxomeno Aprilio, paroysia kai toy neoy Amerikanoy proedroy Mparak Ompama, qa lhfqoyn oi telikes apofaseis ths G20 gia thn antimetwpish ths krishs sthn pagkosmia oikonomia. To Sabbato oi hgetes twn 20 isxyroterwn oikonomika xwrwn ston kosmo dhlwsan apo sthn Oyasingkton thn apofasistikothta toys na apokatasthsoyn thn pagkosmia oikonomikh tajh kai na metarryqmisoyn to xrhmatopistwtiko systhma. Oi hgetes ths G20 edwsan dioria ews tis 31 Martioy stoys ypoyrgoys Oikonomias prokeimenoy na ergastoyn se mia seira systasewn kai protasewn gia th ryqmish twn agorwn. Stoxos h lhch katallhlwn forologikwn kai nomismatikwn metrwn, wste na staqeropoihqoyn oi xrhmatopistwtikes agores kai na anakamcei h oikonomia. O proedros ths Komision Zoze Mparozo ejefrase thn ikanopoihsh toy gia to apotelesma ths ektakths synodoy koryfhs thn opoia xarakthrise istorikh. O neoeklegeis Amerikanos proedros Mparak Ompama, mesw twn ekproswpwn toy taxqhke kai aytos yper mias syntonismenhs antidrashs apentanti sthn krish.

    H prwhn ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Mantlin Olmprait kai o Tzim Lits, prwhn stelexos toy Kogkresoy, poy eixan stalei apo ton Ompama ws ekproswpoi toy gia na synanthsoyn melh twn antiproswpeiwn poy elaban meros sth synodo, meteferan thn "apofasistikothta toy Ompama na synexisei thn synergasia gia thn antimetwpish twn proklhsewn aytwn otan analabei kaqhkonta ton Ianoyario".

    O proedros ths Komision Zoze Mparozo ejefrase thn ikanopoihsh toy kai xarakthrise shmantiko to gegonos oti oi koryfaies oikonomies toy kosmoy exoyn twra "ena safes xronodiagramma" gia na metarryqmisoyn to dieqnes xrhmatopistwtiko systhma, epishmane. "Ayth einai h arxh mias diadikasias, oxi to telos", ypogrammise.

    "Einai apolytws safes oti prospaqoyme na oikodomhsoyme neoys qesmoys gia to mellon", dhlwse o Bretanos prwqypoyrgos Gkornton Mpraoyn kai milhse gia metarryqmish toy Dieqnoys Nomismatikoy Tameioy kai ths Pagkosmias Trapezas. Ypogrammise pws oi shmerinoi qesmoi xronologoyntai apo th metapolemikh periodo. To DNT kai h Pagkosmia Trapeza dhmioyrghqhkan to 1944 sth diaskech toy Mpreton Goynts.

    O Mpraoyn, o opoios yposthrije pws prepei na yparjei syntonismos twn kybernhtikwn sxediwn anakamchs kai prosqese pws enas ariqmos xwrwn qa anakoinwsei prwtoboylies sth diarkeia twn prosexwn ebdomadwn.

    Phges: NET, APE-MPE

    Eidhsh: 15608

    [02] Nea troph sth diereynhsh toy Batopaidioy

    Epi treis wres kateqete ston eisaggelea Qessalonikhs h dikhgoros Tania Swthropoyloy sto plaisio epeigoysas prokatarktikhs ejetashs poy dienergeitai, meta ta nea stoixeia poy proekycan apo thn probolh toy binteo ntokoymento poy paroysiase o ANT1. To epimaxo binteo paroysiaze ton syzygo ths Mixalh Koykobino na zhtaei oikonomika antallagmata kai akinhta gia na mhn ferei sto fws stoixeia gia thn ypoqesh toy Batopaidioy. H Tania Swthropoyloy den qelhse na kanei kamia dhlwsh kai apoxwrhse apo thn pisw porta toy dikastikoy megaroy opoy thn perimene o syzygos ths Mixalhs Koykobinos.

    Sto binteo - ntokoymento o Mixalhs Koykobinos anefere kai to onoma ths Tanias Swthropoyloy kanontas logo gia moysantenia mhnysh. H k. Swthropoyloy einai h prwth martyras poy kateqese sto plaisio ths prokatarktikhs ejetashs thn opoia anelabe na ferei eis peras o eisaggeleas Prwtodikwn Eyaggelos Mademlh. Meta apo aytes tis ejelijeis h synedriash ths ejetastikhs epitrophs thn Deytera apokta idiaitero endiaferon kaqws o Proedros ths epitrophs Xrhstos Markogiannakhs anamenetai na zhthsei thn epanejetash ths Tanias Swthropoyloy, enw tis epomenes meres anamenetai na klhqoyn na kataqesoyn ki alloi martyres. Ejorgismenoi einai oi akthmones ths Redaistoy kaqws meta apo thn paroysiash toy epimaxoy binteo aisqanontai - opws dhlwnoyn - prodomenoi.

    O nomarxhs Qessalonikhs k. Cwmiadhs, opoios symfwna me thn k. Swthropoyloy eixe pei oti oi entoles gia to qema ths Monhs eixan doqei apo ton Prwqypoyrgo, dhlwse mesw toy Mega oti yparxei hxhtiko ntokoymento poy epibebaiwnei oti o idios oydepote eipe kati tetoio.Entones einai oi antidraseis twn boyleytwn ths N.D. poy miloyn gia brwmiko paraskhnio.

    O k. Xrhstos Markogiannakhs, boyleyths ths N.D. kai proedros ths Ejetastikhs gia th diereynhsh ths ypoqeshs xarakthrise to binteo, shmantiko ntokoymento. Gia skoteino paraskhnio sthn ypoqesh ekane logo o grammateas ths ND Leyterhs Zagoriths, enw o grammateas ths K.O. ths Giannhs Tragakhs eipe oti to PASOK kalei anajiopistoys martyres.

    O koinoboyleytikos ekproswpos toy PASOK, Xrhstos Papoytshs, sxetika me to Batopaidio ekane thn akoloyqh dhlwsh: "Oti yphrxe kentrikos kybernhtikos sxediasmos einai aytapodeikto. Tipota den qa mporoyse na pragmatopoihqei kai malista se xrono rekor, xwris thn parotrynsh kai thn prostasia ychla istamenwn paragontwn ths kybernhshs. H oysia einai oti to Megaro Majimoy metatraphke se metoxi ths Monhs Batopedioy. Oti se ayth th megalh epixeirhsh yparxoyn metoxoi me filikes, proswpikes kai pneymatikes sxeseis. Kai oti peran twn golden boys yparxei golden fathe".

    Sthn Epitroph kataqetoyn polloi martyres kai apodeiknyetai oti yphrxe iqynwn noys sthn ypoqesh anefere o ekproswpos typoy toy PASOK Giwrgos Papakwnstantinoy.

    LAOS: Dysosmia gyrw apo to BatopediO Ekproswpos Typoy toy LAOS, k. Kyriakos Belopoylos, anaforika me tis ejelijeis gyrw apo to Batopedi, proebh sthn akoloyqh dhlwsh: "Gia osoys kai opws anakateythkan me ton Efraim kai thn parea toy, isxyei h laikh paroimia, opoios anakateyetai me ta pitoyra, ton trwne oi kotes."

    Gia skoteino paraskhnio sthn ypoqesh ekane logo o grammateas ths ND Leyterhs Zagoriths, enw o grammateas ths K.O. ths Giannhs Tragakhs eipe oti to PASOK kalei anajiopistoys martyres.

    O Arxiepiskopos Kyproy Xrysostomos se synenteyjh toy sthn efhmerida "Kaqhmerinh" ths Kyproy toy anaferetai sthn ypoqesh toy Batopaidioy yposthrizei oti h Monh mporoyse na kanei ependyseis, xwris abaries kai xwris na dinoyn h na pairnoyn xrhmata katw apo to trapezi. Prosqetei, wstoso, oti an ta pragmata eginan etsi ayto qa to pei h Dikaiosynh.

    Phges: NET, NET 105.8,APE-MPE

    Eidhsh: 15609

    [03] Nai ths Alpha sto sxedio enisxyshs twn trapezwn

    Thn entajh ths Alpha Bank sto kybernhtiko sxedio sthrijhs ths reystothtas twn trapezwn, gnwstopoihse o proedros ths Giannhs Kwstopoylos se synenteyjh toy sthn Kaqhmerinh ths Kyriakhs. "Analambanoyme thn prwtoboylia na entaxqoyme prwtoi kai etsi apallassoyme tis ypoloipes trapezes apo kaqe distagmo", tonise xarakthristika o k. Kwstopoylos. O prwqypoyrgos, Kwstas Karamanlhs, anaferomenos sto sxedio enisxyshs twn trapezwn ycoys 28 dis. eyrw, to Sabbato apo thn Kozanh, ypogrammise oti stoxos toy paramenei h meiwsh twn diatrapezikwn epitokiwn. Epipleon diabebaiwse oti h kybernhsh apanta stis pragmatikes anagkes twn oikonomika asqenesterwn me koinwnikh eyaisqhsia kai ypeyqynothta kai eggyhqhke idiaitera th sthrijh twn noikokyriwn.

    Stoxos h meiwsh twn diatrapezikwn epitokiwn

    "Stoxos toy sxedioy einai h meiwsh twn diatrapezikwn epitokiwn kai synepws twn epitokiwn gia ta daneia sta noikokyria kai tis epixeirhseis. Apo thn efarmogh toy sxedioy aytoy oxi mono den epibarynontai oi Ellhnes forologoymenoi, alla ejasfalizontai ews kai 500 ek. eyrw epipleon esoda gia thn enisxysh toy Tameioy Koinwnikhs Synoxhs kai twn Dhmosiwn Ependysewn. Askhsame, askoyme kai qa askhsoyme kaqe anagkaia parembash gia thn epiteyjh xamhlwn epitokiwn kai gia ton apokleismo kataxrhstikwn orwn apo tis trapezes" tonise o k. Karamanlhs.

    Metra, opws, h eggyhsh twn kataqesewn ews 100.000 eyrw, h apagoreysh pleisthriasmwn prwths katoikias gia xreh katw apo 20.000 eyrw kai se timh xamhloterh ths antikeimenikhs ajias, h daneiodothsh poly mikrwn epixeirhsewn mexri 350.000 mesw toy Tameioy Eggyodosias kai h xorhghsh toy epidomatos qermanshs mesw toy Tameioy Koinwnikhs Synoxhs, qa symballoyn ston periorismo twn epiptwsewn ths krishs.

    Apofash ths kybernhshs einai na lhfqoyn prosqeta metra ajiopoiwntas oles tis dynatothtes poy prosferoyn ta koinotika programmata kai kaqe periqwrio toy proypologismoy.

    En anamonh ths egkrishs apo thn EE

    Stis arxes ths epomenhs ebdomadas qa exei lhfqei h telikh egkrish apo thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph gia to sxedio qwrakishs twn ellhnikwn trapezwn, ektimhse apo to Londino o Ypoyrgos Oikonomias.

    H Komision me epistolh ths pros thn Trapeza ths Ellados, metajy allwn, zhta na perioristei stoys 6 mhnes anti mexri to telos toy 2009 h ylopoihsh twn metrwn kai na doqei sygkekrimenh aitiologia an ta metra diarkesoyn panw apo tria xronia, kaqws symfwna me to sxedio sthrijhs h diarkeia toys einai pentaeths.

    "Oi syzhthseis me thn Eyrwpaikh Epitroph briskontai se poly kalo epipedo. Ayta poy anaferei h epistolh einai texnikes leptomereies poy aforoyn thn Trapeza ths Ellados kai den allazoyn thn oysia toy nomosxedioy. Allwste tetoies syzhthseis gia texnikes leptomereies ginontai me oles tis xwres." tonizoyn kykloi toy ypoyrgeioy Oikonomias.

    Symmetoxh sto kybernhtiko sxedio

    To dromo kai stis ypoloipes trapezes na entaxqoyn sto sxedio enisxyshs anoigei, meta thn Agrotikh kai h Alpha Bank. O proedros ths trapezas Giannhs Kwstopoylos se synenteyjh sthn Kaqhmerinh ths Kyriakhs tonizei oti Alpha Bank qa entaxqei sto sxedio sthrijhs twn trapezwn, kanontas xrhsh olwn twn metrwn, poy to ellhniko Dhmosio parexei, dioti pisteyei pws to sxedio einai kalo gia thn oikonomia, kai o,ti einai kalo gia thn oikonomia einai kalo kai gia tis trapezes.

    "Analambanoyme thn prwtoboylia na entaxqoyme prwtoi sto sxedio xwris na kanoyme diakrish sta epimeroys metra, prosblepontas akribws sto na dhmioyrghsoyme amesa mia qetikh dynamikh metajy twn trapezwn. Etsi, apallassoyme tis ypoloipes trapezes apo kaqe distagmo gia entajh sto sxedio gia thn enisxysh ths reystothtos ths oikonomias", anaferei o k. Kwstopoylos. Kai prosqetei: "Prepei epiteloys sthn Ellada na exoyme kai mia aisqhsh toy ti ginetai sto pagkosmio gignesqai: den einai dynaton, otan kolossoi sthn Amerikh kai thn Eyrwph kanoyn xrhsh twn antistoixwn metrwn kefalaiakhs enisxysews, emeis sthn Ellada na omfaloskopoyme".

    Erwthqeis gia thn poreia twn epitokiwn sthn Ellada anaferei: "Oloi milane gia ta epitokia twn xorhghsewn, enw kanenas den anaferetai sta idiaitera ychla epitokia kataqesewn. Otan ypoxrewnomaste na proselkyoyme kataqeseis me epitokia, poy se orismenes periptwseis ftanoyn to 7% kai to 8%, pws qa daneisoyme me xamhla epitokia;" Kai proxwraei sthn ektimhsh: "Se sxesh me ta shmerina epipeda toys, asfalws qa pesoyn ta epitokia. Alla, mhn perimenete oti qa gyrisoyn ekei poy htan sthn arxh toy 2008".

    Na shmeiwqei oti stoixeia poy qa lhfqoyn sobara ypoch gia thn katanomh twn 28 dis. eyrw stis trapezes qa einai metajy allwn, h anagkh kefalaiakhs eparkeias, to anoigma se agores ektos Elladas, to meridio agoras kai h poiothta toy xartofylakioy toys.

    To sxetiko nomosxedio anamenetai na erqei pros chfish sth Boylh thn erxomenh ebdomada.

    Phges: NET, APE-MPE

    Eidhsh: 15599

    [04] Symboylio ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys sto Mejiko

    O proedros toy PASOK Giwrgos Papandreoy qa proedreysei apoce Kyriakh 16 Noembrioy sth synedriash toy proedreioy ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys kai th Deytera 17 kai Trith 18 Noembrioy, stis ergasies toy Symboylioy to opoio apoteleitai apo peripoy 400 atoma apo olo ton kosmo. To Symboylio ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys, sto Nuevo Vallarta, sto Mejiko, telei ypo thn aigida twn dyo Mejikanikwn kommatwn - melwn ths Sosialistikhs Dieqnoys sto Mejiko, Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) kai to Partido de la Revolucion Democratica (PRD).

    Sth Synodo, basika qemata syzhthshs einai:

    H epistrofh ths politikhs: o krisimos rolos twn kybernhsewn kai twn ryqmistikwn plaisiwn sthn ejasfalish mias biwsimhs kai dikaihs pagkosmias oikonomias. - Nees dynatothtes dieqnoys kai polymeroys synergasias meta apo tis amerikanikes proedrikes ekloges.- Nees proseggiseis stis politikes gia koinwnikh dikaiosynh kai enswmatwsh toys stis oikonomies twn ypo anaptyjh xwrwn. - Antimetwpizontas tis anisothtes kai endynamwnontas thn perifereiakh synergasia: h skopia ths Latinikhs Amerikhs kai ths Karaibikhs.

    Eidhsh: 15614

    [05] H Rwsia anoixth se diapragmateyseis gia ta antipyraylika

    Thn epiqymia ths Mosxas na exei mia strathgikh symprajh me thn Oyasingkton, paromoia me ekeinh poy diathrei me to Pekino, ejefrase o proedros ths Rwsias Ntmitri Mentbentef, sto periqwrio ths Synodoy ths G20 stis HPA. O Ntmitri Mentbentef dhlwse oti h Rwsia elpizei pws h kybernhsh poy qa sxhmatisei o neoeklegeis proedros twn HPA Mparak Ompama qa odhghsei s' ena liwsimo twn pagwn stis amerikano-rwsikes sxeseis kai pws h Rwsia einai etoimh na syzhthsei to qema ths pyraylikhs amynas me tis HPA.

    H Rwsia einai etoimh na syzhthsei me tis HPA ta yfistamena programmata pyraylikhs amynas, dhlwse o Rwsos Proedros -o opoios synanthqhke kai me thn prwhn Ypoyrgo Ejwterikwn, Mantlin Olmprait apestalmenh toy Mparak Ompama sth Synodo twn "20"- shmatodotwntas mia amblynsh ths kathgorhmatikhs antiqeshs ths Rwsias sta sxedia twn HPA.

    "Den qa kanoyme tipote prin h Amerikh kanei to prwto bhma", dhlwse o Mentbentef anaferomenos sthn apanthsh poy h Rwsia yposxeqhke oti qa dwsei sta sxedia twn HPA peri anaptyjhs stoixeiwn toy systhmatos pyraylikhs amynas ths sthn anatolikh Eyrwph.

    "Pisteyw pws exoyme mia eykairia na lysoyme to problhma eite symfwnwntas s' ena pagkosmio antipyrayliko systhma eite, to elaxisto, na broyme mia lysh sxetika me ta yfistamena programmata poy qa ejyphretei th Rwsikh Omospondia", dhlwse o Mentbentef.

    "To prwto shma poy labame (apo thn epomenh kybernhsh toy Mparak Ompama) deixnei oti oi etairoi mas mallon skeftontai ayto to programma para sxediazoyn aplws na to episfragisoyn", prosqese o Rwsos proedros.

    Eidhsh: 15597

    [06] Soyper-pontikia sthn yphresia ths ereynas

    Ispanoi episthmones dhmioyrghsan "soyper-pontikia" poy einai anqektika ston karkino kai zoyn 40% perissotero. Ta pontikia exoyn ypostei genetikes metatropes apo toys ereynhtes toy antikarkinikoy ereynhtikoy kentroy CNIO kai toy Panepisthmioy ths Balenqia. Kleidi toy peiramatos einai ena enzymo poy onomazetai telomerash, to opoio epimhkynei ta telomerh, tis apolhjeis twn xrwmoswmatwn toy kyttaroy. H telomerash epitrepei sta kyttara na ejakoloyqoyn na diairoyntai kai pisteyetai oti ayjanei th makrozwia, alla ayjanei epishs kai to kindyno karkinoy.

    Ta pontikia ypesthsan genetikes tropopoihseis prokeimenoy na einai aprosblhta apo ton karkino, enw parallhla ayjhqhke h posothta telomerashs ston organismo toys. Ws apotelesma twn tropopoihsewn aytwn, exoyn, se proxwrhmenh hlikia, kalytero neyromyiko syntonismo, ligoteres piqanothtes na emfanisoyn diabhth kai ygiesteroys istoys apo ta synhqismena pontikia, enw zoyn 40% perissotero.

    H sxesh metajy twn telomerwn kai ths ghranshs einai gnwsth apo to 1990, alla ayth einai h prwth fora poy ayjanetai to prosdokimo zwhs enos oloklhroy organismoy, dhlwse sthn efhmerida El Moynto, h syntonistria ths ereynas, Maria Mplasko.

    Paromoies texnikes qa mporoysan na epitrecoyn stoys anqrwpoys na zoyn mexri ta 120 xronia, symplhrwse h Mplasko, ejhghse wstoso oti den katesth dynato na efarmostei h idia meqodos genetikhs tropopoihshs se anqrwpoys.

    Eidhsh: 15605

    [07] To mellon stis diastaseis toy nanometroy

    Aytokinhta, epistrwmena me eidika nano-ylika, poy aytokaqarizontai aplws me to nero ths broxhs. Aytokaqarizomena tzamia sta spitia mas. Royxa (se prwth fash stratiwtika kai argotera kaqe eidoys) poy, xarh sthn enswmatwsh nano-ylikwn, menoyn adiabroxa, den lerwnoyn h -akoma pio entypwsiako- xarh se enswmatwmenes nano-gennhtries paragoyn to diko toys reyma, me to opoio fortizetai to kinhto thlefwno, o forhtos ypologisths klp. Kolles me nano-ylika poy qa epitrepoyn stoys anqrwpoys na ginontai "spainter-man" kai na perpatoyn-kolloyn se toixoys kai tabania. Moriakes mhxanes kai kinhthres se moriako epipedo. Meta-ylika poy metatrepoyn se aoratoys h diafaneis toys anqrwpoys kai ta antikeimena poy epistrwnontai me ayta. Nano-rompot poy stelnontai sto eswteriko toy anqrwpinoy swmatos gia diagnwstikoys h qerapeytikoys skopoys, opws p.x. gia katastrofh karkinikwn kyttarwn. Aytes kai polles alles "ejwtikes" kai polla yposxomenes oceis ths nanotexnologias paroysiasan eidikoi episthmones kai ereynhtes sthn ekdhlwsh me titlo "H Nanotexnologia sthn yphresia toy anqrwpoy", poy diorganwse, xqes brady, to Idryma Eygenidoy se synergasia me ton programma Megaron Plus toy Megaroy Moysikhs Aqhnwn, sto Amfiqeatro toy Idrymatos Eygenidoy.

    H Nanotexnologia afora otidhpote symbainei stis diastaseis toy nanometroy, poy isoytai peripoy me to 1/80.000 mias anqrwpinhs trixas h to 1/10.000 mias teleias keimenoy. H texnologia mporei na oristei ws h dhmioyrgia ylikwn kai systhmatwn se nanoklimaka, dhladh apo 1 ews 100 nanometra (1 nanometro isoytai me ena disekatommyriosto toy metroy). Enas enallaktikos orismos einai o apeyqeias elegxos ylikwn kai syskeywn se moriakh kai atomikh klimaka.

    Opws tonisqhke sthn ekdhlwsh, oi nanotexnologies exoyn pleon poikiles efarmoges sth nanohlektronikh, ta nanoylika h th bioiatrikh kai oi epiptwseis toys ginontai stadiaka olo kai pio antilhptes se oloena kai perissotera epipeda twn sygxronwn koinwniwn.

    Na mh xasei h Ellada to nano-treno

    Ston enarkthrio xairetismo toy o proedros toy Idrymatos Eygenidoy Lewnidas Dhmhtriadhs-Eygenidhs epeshmane oti h nanotexnologia qa diadramatisei kaqoristiko rolo ston 21o aiwna, oti h Ellada mporei na kanei polla perissotera pragmata se ayton ton tomea kai oti prepei na anadeijoyme kai sth xwra mas thn ajia ths ereynas se ena xwro aorato apo to anqrwpino mati.

    O kaqhghths toy panepisthmioy Patrwn kai dieyqynths toy Ergasthrioy Systhmatwn Paragwghs kai Aytomatismoy Giwrgos Xrysoloyrhs tonise oti oysiastika twra anoigei to qema ths nanotexnologias se olo ton kosmo kai anelyse tis poikiles efarmoges ths sth biomhxania, ej oy kai o neos oros "nanoparagwgh", poy afora sthn kataskeyh diaforwn "nanoproiontwn" (h nanoparagwgh ergazetai se klimaka 0,1 - 1.000 nanometrwn), h opoia, opws eipe, qa ephreasei kaqe tomea ths zwhs mas.

    Sto synedrio epishs milhsan o Nikola Leterie, ekproswpos toy texnologikoy synergatikoy sxhmatismoy ("cluster") Minalogic sth Gkrenompl (thn opoia xarakthrise "gallikh Silikon Balei"), oi ereynhtes toy EKEFE "Dhmokritos" Nikos Glezos kai Xrhstos Tsamhs (gia to alma pleon ths mikrohlektronikhs apo ta mikro-systhmata sta nano-systhmata), o ereynhths toy Eqnikoy Idrymatos Ereynwn Nikos Tagmatarxhs (gia th sxesh nanotexnologias-xhmeias), o ereynhths toy Idrymatos Texnologias & Ereynas Hrakleioy Krhths Manolhs Stratakhs (gia tis qaymastes idiothtes twn nano-ylikwn) kai o Al. Loyizos apo to Aristoteleio Panepisthmio Qessalonikhs, poy milhse analytika gia tis polla yposxomenes efarmoges ths nanotexnologias sthn iatrikh.

    H epanastash ths nano-iatrikhs

    Oi epiptwseis ths nanotexnologias sthn iatrikh, opws tonisqhke, qa einai katalytikes sto prosexes mellon:

    -Diagnwsh: Neoi bioaisqhthres kai nees texnikes moriakhs apeikonishs me nanoswmatidia. Gia paradeigma, oi legomenes "kbantikes teleies", dhladh nanokrystallikoi hmiagwgoi me enisxymenes idiothtes fqorismoy, qa entopizoyn egkaira ta karkinika kyttara (opws anefere xarakthristika o k. Loyizos, "sto mellon o karkinos qa lampei apo ta prwta toy kyttara"). Epishs nanotranzistor gia anixneysh iwn kai bakthriwn.

    -Qerapeia: Stoxeymenh metafora farmakwn sta pasxonta organa kai elegxomenh apeleyqerwsh farmakeytikwn oysiwn, p.x. mono se karkinikoys ogkoys h dysleitoyrgoynta neyrika kyttara. Eidika nanoswmatidia (mpales apo polymerh), poy sto eswteriko toys qa exoyn farmaka, qa kaqodhgoyntai mesw magnhtikwn pediwn me akribeia sta pasxonta kyttara kai qa einai biodiaspwmena, biosymbata kai mh tojika. Epishs eidikoi nanoswlhnes poy qa apeleyqerwnoyn elegxomena kapoio farmako mesa ston organismo.

    -Xeiroyrgikh: Mikro- kai nano-emfyteymata, kaqws kai mikro- h nano-rompot. Ta nano-emfyteymata qa epitrepoyn, gia paradeigma, antikatastash ostwn apo ena krama titanioy epikalymmenoy me nanoporwdh aloymina, gegonos poy qa ayjanei th biosymbatothta toy synqetikoy ostoy. Epishs aggeionarqhkes ("stent" gia tis arthries) epikalymmenoi me nano-ylika, wste na beltiwnetai h biosymbatothta kai na apofeygetai h epanastenwsh ths arthrias. Ta nano-rompot (poy den einai akoma aneptygmena) qa apoteloyn mikrokataskeyes, oi opoies me mikrolabides kai me kaqodhghsh apo magnhtika pedia qa mporoyn na pairnoyn deigmata istwn apo to eswteriko toy swmatos gia biocia, gegonos poy qa epitrepei mikrotera xeiroyrgika traymata. Alla nano-rompot qa mporoyn na kaqarizoyn tis arthries apo mesa.

    Piqanoi kindynoi kai anagkh gia neoys kanonismoys profylajhs

    An kai h emfash sthn ekdhlwsh doqhke sthn eyergetikh pleyra ths nanotexnologias, den eleican oi epishmanseis gia toys en dynamei nano-kindynoys, kyriws se sxesh me thn aporrofhsh twn nano-ylikwn apo ton anqrwpo kai th fysh kai tis piqanes epiptwseis. Sto plaisio ayto, tonisthke h anagkh gia nees prostateytikes ryqmiseis kai kanonismoys se sxesh me oloys toys emplekomenoys (paragwgoys, katanalwtes, ergazomenoys) kai hdh h Eyrwpaikh Epitroph kineitai pros ayth thn kateyqynsh.

    Symfwna me th bretanikh efhmerida Independent, peripoy 600 proionta nanotexnologias briskontai hdh sthn agora. H arxh egine apo tis HPA kai h Eyrwph akoloyqhse, opws kai h Asia. Symfwna me mia ektimhsh, o tziros sthn agora nano-proiontwn qa fqasei ta 25 dis. dol. to 2009. H megalh pleionothta twn proiontwn (to 54%) afora ta perifereiaka ths plhroforikhs, to 22% ta katanalwtika hlektronika, to 8% thn aytokinhtobiomhxania, to 6% thn iatrikh k.a. Sto mellon, alloi tomeis, opws to periballon, anamenetai na exoyn ayjhmeno meridio.

    Thn hmerida syntonisan oi omotimoi kaqhghtes panepisthmioy Alejandros Stayropoylos (Peiraiws) kai Hlias Koybelas (Iatrikh Patras), enw xairetisan o Iwannhs Manos, melos toy DS toy syllogoy ``Oi Filoi ths Moysikhs'', kai h dieyqyntria toy Gallikoy Institoytoy Aqhnwn kai morfwtikh akoloyqos ths gallikhs presbeias Catherine Suard.

    H ekdhlwsh eixe teqei ypo thn aigida ths Genikhs Grammateias Ereynas & Texnologias toy ypoyrgeioy Anaptyjhs kai pragmatopoihqhke se synergasia me thn presbeia ths Gallias kai to Galliko Institoyto, me thn eykairia ths Gallikhs Proedrias ths Eyrwpaikhs Enwshs.

    Eidhsh: 15611

    [08] Epimelhthria: Se omhria oi epixeirhseis apo tis trapezes

    Thn agwnia toys gia thn synexizomenh oikonomikh krish ejefrasan oi ekproswpoi toy epixeirhmatikoy kosmoy poy meteixan sthn ethsia Genikh Syneleysh ths Kentrikhs Enwshs Epimelhthriwn Ellados, poy pragmatopoihqhke xqes sthn polh ths Kabalas, paroysia toy yfypoyrgoy Anaptyjhs Stayroy Kalafath kai toy eidikoy grammatea Antagwnismoy Leyterh Stayropoyloy. O proedros ths Kentrikhs Enwshs Epimelhthriwn ths xwras Giwrgos Kasimaths kathggeile th meqodeymenh opws th xarakthrise omhria toy epixeirhmatikoy kosmoy ths xwras apo to xrhmatopistwtiko systhma. "Kataggelloyme tis meqodoys poy akoloyqei to xrhmatopistwtiko systhma ths xwras gia perissotera kerdh. Kataggelloyme epishs ton tropo me ton opoio synexizei akomh kai shmera na prattei kai na mhn afoygkrazetai tis paraineseis ths kybernhshs oi opoies exoyn na kanoyn me thn eyryqmh leitoyrgia toy systhmatos kai oxi mono", shmeiwse. Se dhlwseis toy o yfypoyrgos k. Kalafaths ypogrammise pws h kybernhsh apo thn prwth stigmh poy jespase h krish einai konta stis mikromesaies epixeirhseis kai stoys ekproswpoys ths.

    O proedros ths Kentrikhs Enwshs Epimelhthriwn symplhrwse pws den exoyn proqesh na ypoballoyn mhnysh stis trapezes alla shmeiwse oti "mas wqoyn na fqasoyme sto shmeio ayto dedomenoy oti oi paranomies kai oxi oi paratypies toys einai afqones. Elpizoyme kai qeloyme na pisteyoyme oti oi hgesies twn ellhnikwn trapezwn qa epideijoyn synesh kai q' apofortisoyn to klima, diaforetika qa mas broyn apenanti toys".

    Anaferomenos sthn oikonomikh drasthriothta shmeiwse pws to teleytaio dimhno paroysiazei toso megalh kamch poy de qa mporesei na epanelqei oyte s' ena xrono.

    O k. Kasimaths zhthse anaqewrhsh toy proypologismoy toy 2009 legontas pws prepei na einai realistikos, antikeimenikos kai xwris yperboles. Xarakthrise adynato na yparjoyn ryqmoi anaptyjhs toy 3%, enw zhthse na perioristei to dhmosio xreos kai oi dapanes kai na yparjei pio antikeimeniko systhma forologhshs fysikwn proswpwn kai epixeirhsewn.

    Se dhlwseis toy o yfypoyrgos Anaptyjhs ypogrammise pws h kybernhsh apo thn prwth stigmh poy jespase h krish einai konta stis MME kai stoys ekproswpoys ths.

    "Me mia seira metrwn h kybernhsh" symplhrwse o yfypoyrgos, "toso makroproqesmwn oso kai amesoy xarakthra prospaqei na bohqhsei kai na sthrijei tis MME basei ths arxhs poy yperaspizetai oti oi MME einai sthn prwth proteraiothta. Pera apo thn prwtoboylia gia ena plano diamorfwshs mias eniaias strathgikhs se eyrwpaiko epipedo sthrijhs twn MME, h kybernhsh exei labei amesa metra gia thn antimetwpish ths krishs. Se ayta symperilambanetai h allagh toy prosanatolismoy ths kateyqynshs toy Tameioy Eggyodosias Mikrwn kai Poly Mikrwn Epixeirhsewn, anagoreyontas to s' ena apotelesmatiko ergaleio gia thn amesh antimetwpish twn anagkwn twn MME epixeirhsewn".

    Eidhsh: 15607

    [09] Dieqnes synedrio me qema th nanoparagwgh

    H efarmogh ths nanotexnologias se qemata biomhxanikhs paragwghs (h alliws "Nanoparagwgh") apotelei to prwtotypo antikeimeno dihmeroy dieqnoys synedrioy, poy pragmatopoihqhke ston Astera Boyliagmenhs. To synedrio "6th International Symposium on Nanomanufacturing, Nanomanufacturing Systems, Processes and Simulation (ISNM-6)" estiasthke stis ragdaies episthmonikes kai texnologikes ejelijeis sto xwro ths Nanotexnologias poy dinoyn thn dynatothta kalyterhs katanohshs fainomenwn sxetikwn me ta ylika se atomiko kai moriako epipedo. Oi ejelijeis aytes apoteloyn th bash afenos gia to sxediasmo kai kataskeyh syskeywn kai ejarthmatwn, ta opoia paroysiazoyn kainotomes idiothtes kai leitoyrgies, kai afeteroy gia diaforetikoys, kainotomoys tropoys paragwghs toys.

    Sto synedrio symmeteixan episthmones dieqnoys kyroys proerxomenoi apo pagkosmiws anagnwrismena akadhmaika idrymata kai institoyta, kaqws kai biomhxanies pollwn xwrwn, metajy twn opoiwn oi HPA, Iapwnia, Korea, Germania, Gallia, Hnwmeno Basileio, Italia kai Ispania.

    To synedrio diorganwqhke apo to Ergasthrio Systhmatwn Paragwghs kai Aytomatismoy toy Tmhmatos Mhxanologwn kai Aeronayphgwn Mhxanikwn toy Panepisthmioy Patrwn, me eyqynh toy dieyqynth toy kaqhghth Gewrgioy Xrysoloyrh kai me th symmetoxh pollwn episthmonwn apo to panepisthmio M.I.T. twn HPA.

    Opws tonise o k.Xrysoloyrhs, "h nanotexnologia einai ena eyry kai diepisthmoniko pedio ereynas, to opoio anaptyssetai pagkosmiws, yposxomeno, ektos twn allwn, na metatrecei ton tropo me ton opoio paragontai ylika kai proionta. To ayjanomeno endiaferon sthn ereynhtikh koinothta ana ton kosmo deixnei thn prooptikh twn nanotexnologiwn se polloys tomeis ths episthmhs".

    Oi ektimhseis twn analytwn miloyn gia diatiqemena pagkosmiws nanoproionta ajias 20-50 dis. dolariwn, me prooptikh na fqasoyn to 1 tris. dolaria ws to 2010 kai perissotero apo ta 2 tris. dolaria to 2015. Me alla logia, endexetai to 2016 to 15% ths pagkosmias biomhxanikhs paragwghs na apartizetai apo nanoproionta.

    Oi nano-domes kai oi nano-diergasies typika kalyptoyn diastaseis mikroteres twn 100 nm (ena nanometro isoytai me ena disekatommyriosto toy metroy) kai synantwntai se proionta twn opoiwn to megeqos kymainetai metajy twn synhqismenwn makroskopikwn proiontwn kai twn mikro-syskeywn kai moriwn.

    Symfwna me ton k.Xrysoloyrh, "h efarmogh ths Nanotexnologias se qemata biomhxanikhs paragwghs (Nanomanufacturing) perilambanei oles tis diergasies, poy stoxeyoyn sthn kataskeyh domwn, xarakthristikwn, mhxanismwn kai systhmatwn nano-diastasewn, katallhlwn gia leitoyrgia h kai thn enswmatwsh se anwteres klimakes diastasewn, me stoxo plhrws leitoyrgika proionta kai xrhsimes yphresies. Oi texnikes poy einai diaqesimes, sthrizontai toso sthn afairesh oso kai sthn prosqesh ylhs".

    Opws epishmanqhke sto synedrio, h Nanotexnologia problepetai na exei epiptwseis sxedon se kaqe ptyxh ths zwhs mas, eidikotera sthn hlektronikh, sta ylika, sthn biologikh episthmh kai thn iatrikh.

    Metajy allwn, o kaqhghths B.N. Chichkov apo to Kentro Laser toy Anoberoy (LZH) paroysiase tis teleytaies ejelijeis sthn xrhsh twn Laser sthn paragwgh proiontwn sth nano-klimaka, enw o kaqhghths D.E. Hardt, apo to tmhma Mhxanologwn toy MIT, paroysiase kainotomes meqodoys paragwghs nano-kaloypiwn gia paragwgh hlektronikwn kai iatrikwn ejarthmatwn.

    Anamesa sta ajioshmeiwta toy synedrioy htan kai h energeiakh kai oikologikh proseggish twn nano-diergasiwn apo ton kaqhghth T. Gutowski (toy MIT), kaqws kai h synoch twn xrhmatodotoymenwn ereynhtikwn programmatwn Nanoparagwghs, gia men thn Amerikh apo ton dra B. Kramer, gia de thn Eyrwph apo ton ekproswpo ths Eyrwpaikhs Epitrophs dra N. Delhgiannakh.

    Ta synedria ISNM dhmioyrghqhkan gia na enisxysoyn thn amoibaia synergasia anamesa stis biomhxanies kai thn akadhmaikh-ereynhtikh koinothta sto xwro ths nanotexnologias. To prwto synedrio pragmatopoihqhke to 2003 sto MIT twn HPA, to deytero to 2004 sthn Korea, to trito to 2005 sto panepisthmio ths Kyproy, to tetarto jana sto MIT to 2006 kai to pempto sth Sigkapoyrh to 2007.

    Eidhsh: 15606


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