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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 08-12-24

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Hqh, eqima kai paradoseis ana thn Ellada
  • [02] Hqh, eqima kai paradoseis ana ta Balkania
  • [03] Eortes me kinhsh sthn agora kai filanqrwpikes energeies
  • [04] Me kinhsh & broxero kairo h ejodos gia tis eortes.
  • [05] Sthn Aqhna oi politikoi arxhgoi gia ta kalanta
  • [06] Diaforetika opla xrhsimopoihqhkan sthn epiqesh enantion lewforeioy twn MAT

    [01] Hqh, eqima kai paradoseis ana thn Ellada

    Koinwnia

    Oi hmeres twn eortwn einai hmeres afierwmenes sthn paradosh kai ta bebaiws sta hqh kai ta eqima, opws kai stis patroparadotes paradoseis.Opws einai gnwsto, ta Xristoygenna kai h Prwtoxronia eortazontai me poikiloys tropoys se diafores perioxes ths xwras.Allwste, ta hqh kai ta eqima toy kaqe topoy "xrwmatizoyn" tis giortines aytes hmeres kai apoteloyn mia oash xaras gia mikroys kai megaloys.Endiaferon exei h paroysiash eqimwn twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias apo diafores perioxes ths xwras mas.

    Karditsa: to "taisma ths bryshs" kai to eqimo ths "goyrnoxaras"Mporei xrono me ton xrono ta patroparadota hqh kai eqima na xanontai, alla, se polles perioxes, anamesa toys kai o Nomos Karditsas, diathroyntai akomh arketa kai paramenoyn zwntana mesa apo to perasma twn xronwn.Akomh kai shmera se olo to Nomo synanta kaneis thn anabiwsh twn patroparadotwn xristoygenniatikwn eqimwn toy dwdekahmeroy.

    Paramones Xristoygennwn 23 kai 24 Dekembrioy oi noikokyres ftiaxnoyn to xristocwmo me enan stayro sthn mesh kaqws kai aygokoyloyres tis opoies en synexeia prosferoyn se hlikiwmenoys kai paidia.Se polla xwria akomh toy Nomoy Karditsas to brady ths 23hs Dekembrioy synexizoyn na rixnoyn qymiama sta tzakia en anamonh toy arxhgoy Kalikantzaroy. To idio ginetai kai thn epomenh hmera, kaqws erxontai kai oi ypoloipoi kalikantzaroi.

    Ta mesanyxta ths paramonhs twn Xristoygennwn ginetai to legomeno "taisma" ths bryshs, kati poy se kapoia xwria ginetai paramonh Prwtoxronias. To eqimo qelei oi kopeles, na phgainoyn ta xaramata twn Xristoygennwn sthn pio kontinh brysh "gia na klecoyn to "akranto nero". To lene akranto, dhladh, amilhto, giati de bgazoyn lejh se olh th diadromh. Aleifoyn tis bryses toy xwrioy me boytyro kai meli, me thn eyxh opws trexei to nero na trexei kai h prokoph sto spiti ton kainoyrgio xrono kai opws glyko einai to meli, etsi glykia na einai kai h zwh toys.Gia na exoyn kalh sodeia, otan ftanoyn ekei, thn "taizoyn" me diafores lixoydies, opws boytyro, cwmi, tyri, ospria h kladi elias. Malista, elegan oti opoia qa phgaine prwth sth brysh, ayth qa stekotan kai h pio tyxerh oloklhro to xrono. Epeita rixnoyn sth stamna ena batofyllo kai tria xalikia, "kleboyn nero" kai gyrizoyn sta spitia toys pali amilhtes mexri na pioyne oloi apo to akranto nero.Me to idio nero rantizoyn kai tis tesseris gwnies toy spitioy, enw skorpoyn sto spiti kai ta tria xalikia.

    Ta paidia calloyn ta kalanta apo spiti se spiti eite thn paramonh eite anhmera twn Xristoygennwn. Palaiotera, ta paidia poy elegan ta kalanta apo spiti se spiti htan polla. Omws, xrono me ton xrono olo kai ligosteyoyn.

    Thn deyterh hmera twn Xristoygennwn, se polla shmeia toy nomoy, giortazoyn thn "goyrnoxara", kaqws thn hmera ekeinh sfazoyn ta goyroynia poy exoyn qrecei sxedon ena xrono prin.

    Einai xarakthristiko to oti apo to xoirino den paei xameno sxedon tipote. To lipos to liwnoyn kai to xrhsimopoioyn sthn mageirikh, ftiaxnoyn loykanika enw ta palia xronia apo to derma toy goyroynioy eftiaxnan papoytsia ta opoia ta xrhsimopoioysan sta xwrafia, ta legomena "goyrnotsaroyxa". Akomh, oi pitsirikades kataskeyazan aytosxedies mpales.

    To eqimo ths "goyrnoxaras" synexizei na yfistatai mexri kai shmera, ameiwto se polla shmeia toy Nomoy. Kaqe xrono de, diorganwnetai analogh ekdhlwsh sthn Portitsa toy Dhmoy Mhtropolhs kai to Fanari, edra toy Dhmoy Iqwmhs, th deyterh hmera twn Xristoygennwn.

    Thn hmera ths Prwtoxronias oi perissoteres noikokyres toy Nomoy ftiaxnoyn thn basilopita h "aetopita", sthn opoia bazoyn mesa ki ena kerma.Afoy o afenths toy spitioy, bgalei apo ena kommati gia ton Xristo, thn Panagia kai ton Agio Basileio, ta melh ths oikogeneias pairnoyn to diko toys kommati kai anazhtoyn se ayto to kerma.

    Stis 5 Ianoyarioy, paramones twn Qeofaniwn, synantame akomh kai shmera ta Rogkatsia h Rogkatsaria. Ena eqimo poy oi rizes toy xanontai sthn arxaiothta. Oi symmetexontes sto eqimo, ntymenoi me probies zwwn kai zwsmenoi me koydoynia, trigyrizoyn to xwrio kai lene ta kalanta, diaforetika gia ton kaqena, me diaqesh peiragmatos kai satirismoy. Apo pisw akoloyqoyn "o gampros me th nyfh" kai sto telos erxetai o "papas" poy diwxnei aytoys toys "kalikantzaroys". To eqimo paramenei zwntano sto Neoxwri, sto Mesenikola, sto Morfoboyni kai sto Kryoneri.

    Samos: Xoirines thganies, phxth kai probentaTa eqima twn Xristoygennwn me to perasma twn xronwn exoyn arxisei siga-siga na xanontai me thn morfh poy throyntan apo toys progonoys mas.Oi jenes epirroes exoyn tropopoihsei kapoia apo ayta h se kapoies periptwseis ta exoyn katarghsei.Wstoso, se peisma twn kairwn sto nhsi ths Samoy, kyriws sta xwria kai toylaxiston oi ghraioteroi ta throyn kata gramma.

    Polles einai akomh oi noikokyres poy para ton forto ergasias -kyriws oi neoteres- tis paramones twn Xristoygennwn ftiaxnoyn spitika glyka: koyrampiedes, melomakarona, mpaklaba me soysami & karydi kai "katades" [kati san koyrampiedes me gemish karydioy]. Oi giagiades lene oti ta glyka qa glykanoyn to neogennhto Xristo.

    H galopoyla sthn Samo mageireyetai ta teleytaia xronia san jenoferto eqimo.Paradosiaka, oi Samiwtes exontas xoiridia poy ejetrefan ta esfazan paramones ths megalhs eortes kai to kreas to xrhsimopoioysan ws tis apokries, fylagmeno sta "katwta".

    To prwi twn Xristoygennwn meta thn ekklhsia synhqizetai na ginontai oi "xoirines thganies" synodeymenes me krasaki gia na anoijei h orejh, kaqws kai "phxth" h opoia exei ginei apo thn paramonh, h opoia einai brasmeno xoirino kreas me mpoliko lemoni, to opoio afhnoyn na phjei olh th nyxta.

    To faghto poy serbiretai sta perissotera, akomh kai shmera, spitia ths Samoy einai to selinato xoirino.

    Thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias ta paidia apo nwris lene ta kalanta kai me ta xrhmata poy mazeyoyn phgainoyn sta magazia, prokeimenoy na agorasoyn ta dwra toys.

    Oi gynaikes kanoyn pyretwdeis proetoimasies gia to trapezi toy rebegion, alla kai ths "probentas" poy prepei na paei stis peqeres, stis koympares gia thn kalh xronia. H "probenta" einai ena piato me glyka poy krinei polles fores thn noikokyrosynh ths Samiwtissas, kaqws synhqws synodeyetai kai me thn basilopita poy exoyn ftiajei.

    To rodi einai aparaithto gia kaqe samiwtiko spitiko, kaqws oi oikogeneies to prwi ths Prwtoxronias meta thn ekklhsia qa to spasoyn gia na skorpisoyn oi sporoi toy kai na "gemisei" to spiti eytyxia kai ygeia.

    Opoios kanei to podariko prepei na parei "mpoylistrina" [xrhmata], thn opoia perimenoyn ta paidia, epishs apo pappoydes, giagiades, qeies poy qa plaisiwsoyn to meshmeri to trapezi.

    Thn paramonh twn Fwtwn, paidia lene ta kalanta, enw anhmera se kaqe polh leitoyrgei mono mia ekklhsia kai meta to peras ths Qeias Leitoyrgias sxhmatizetai pomph gia to limani opoy qa ginei o agiasmos twn ydatwn kai o Mhtropoliths [sthn prwteyoysa] h o papas qa rijei ton stayro. Opoios ton piasei qewreitai o tyxeros ths xronias, pairnei thn eylogia toy ierea kai mazi toy gyrnoyn to meshmeri apo spiti se spiti gia na metaferoyn thn eylogia toy stoys katoikoys toy nhsioy.

    Anatolikh Makedonia: Mwmogeroi kai spordisma twn fyllwnTa hqh kai ta eqima enos topoy martyroyn tis baqyteres anhsyxies twn anqrwpwn, opws aytes apotypwqhkan sto perasma twn xronwn. Sthn eyryterh perioxh ths anatolikhs Makedonias oi katoikoi -h pleionothta twn opoiwn exoyn tis rizes toys ston Ponto kai th Mikra Asia- gnwrizoyn pws na diathroyn zwntanes tis paradoseis kyriws mesa apo th nea genia.

    Apo oloklhrh thn anatolikh Makedonia, idiaitero endiaferon paroysiazei h politistikh paradosh toy nomoy Dramas, me thn ploysia laografia, ta hqh ta eqima, tis giortes kai ta dionysiaka drwmena poy pragmatopoioyntai oles tis epoxes toy xronoy.

    Oi Mwmogeroi, ena eidos laikoy paradosiakoy qeatroy, anabiwnei stoys Sitagroys kai ta Platania, xwria opoy yparxoyn prosfyges apo ton Ponto. H onomasia Mwmogeroi proerxetai apo tis lejeis mimos kai geros, apo tis mimhtikes kinhseis poy kanoyn oi prwtagwnistes me morfh gerontikwn proswpwn. Oi parastaseis pragmatopoioyntai olo to Dwdekahmero [Xristoygenna, Prwtoxronia kai Qeofania].

    Sto nhsi ths Qasoy oi oikogeneies kratoyn ena poly palio eqimo einai to spordisma twn fyllwn kai ginetai ws ejhs: Kaqontai oloi gyrw apo to anammeno tzaki, traboyn thn anqrakia [qraka] pros ta ejw kai rixnoyn gyrw sta anammena karboyna, fylla elias, bazontas sto noy toys apo mia eyxh, xwris na thn poyn stoys alloys. Opoioy to fyllo gyrisei perissotero, ekeinoy qa pragmatopoihqei kai h eyxh toy.

    Sto Dhmotiko Diamerisma Myrtofytoy toy Dhmoy Eleyqerwn sth dytikh akth toy nomoy Kabalas, thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias anabiwnei ena eqimo poy exei tis rizes toy sthn Toyrkokratia.Ta agoria poy qa fygoyn stratiwtes mesa sth nea xronia sygkentrwnoyn megales stoibes apo jyla sthn plateia. Thn paramonh toy neoy xronoy qa anacoyn mia entypwsiakh fwtia celnontas ta kalanta. Stis dwdeka akribws, me to xtyphma toy rologioy ths ekklhsias, jekinaei ena paradosiako glenti me tsipoyro kai glyka.

    Sthn polh ths Kabalas, polloi katoikoi diathroyn akoma kapoia apo ta eqima poy eferan mazi toys oi prosfyges apo thn Anatolikh Qrakh, opws to spasimo toy rodioy mprosta sthn eisodo toy spitioy gia kalh tyxh, alla kai h metafora mias petras -synhqws apo to mikrotero melos ths oikogeneias- sto eswteriko toy spitioy gia na einai stereo to spiti kai gerh oloklhrh h oikogeneia th nea xronia.

    Sto dhmotiko diamerisma Podoxwrioy toy Dhmoy Orfanoy sta dytika toy nomoy Kabalas, thn prwth hmera kaqe neoy xronoy diathroyn akoma analloiwto to eqimo toy "podarikoy", opoy ta pio mikra paidia episkeptontai ola ta spitia toy oikismoy mpainontas mesa se ayta me to deji podi, lene eyxes stoys noikokyrhdes toy spitioy kai dexontai glyka kai dwra.

    Sta Abdhra ths Janqhs, thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias orismenes oikogeneies de zymwnoyn basilopita, alla, anoigoyn fyllo kai paraskeyazoyn mia pita me praso, kima kai mpaxariko kymino. Mesa sthn prasopita bazoyn to floyri. H pita chnetai se paradosiako taci to sini kai ta paliotera xronia serbirontan panw se xamhlo jylino trapezi, to sorba.

    Hrakleio: Syglina kai "Kalh Xera"Polla kai endiaferonta einai ta eqima twn Xristoygennwn sto Hrakleio, alla kai genikotera sthn Krhth ta perissotera twn opoiwn diathroyntai kai stis hmeres mas.Paliotera htan eqimo na megalwnei kaqe oikogeneia sto xwrio ena goyroyni, to ``xoiro'', opws to elegan, o opoios sfazontan thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn, ki htan to kyrio Xristoygenniatiko edesma.To xoiro ton esfazan thn hmera twn Agiwn Deka kai eftiaxnan:- loykanika,- apakia,- phxth h tsiladia,- syglina, (dhladh to kreas toy goyroynioy kommeno se mikra kommatia, poy to echnan kai to ebazan se megala doxeia kai to kalyptan me to liwmeno lipos toy zwoy,- omaqies, ta entera toy xoiroy gemismena me ryzi, stafides kai kommatakia sykwti,- tsigarides, kommatia mageiremenoy lipoys me mpaxarika poy to etrwgan me zymwto cwmi gia kolatsio, otan mazeyan tis elies.Omws, kai shmera polloi sta xwria anatrefoyn goyroynia ta opoia ta sfazoyn paramones twn Xristoygennwn.

    To Xristocwmo, to ftiaxnoyn oi gynaikes me idiaiterh frontida kai ypomonh.To zymwma einai mia ierotelestia.Xrhsimopoioyn, cilokoskinismeno aleyri, rodonero, meli, soysami, kanela kai garifala. Plaqoyn to zymari kai pairnoyn th mish zymh kai ftiaxnoyn mia koyloyra. Me thn ypoloiph ftiaxnoyn stayro me loyrides apo th zymh. Sto kentro bazoyn ena aspasto karydi. Sthn ypoloiph epifaneia sxediazoyn sxhmata me to maxairi h me to piroyni, opws loyloydia, fylla, karpoys, poylakia.

    Gia to xristoygenniatiko trapezi, to Xristocwmo einai eyloghmeno cwmi.To koboyn anhmera ta Xristoygenna, dinontas polles eyxes. Palaiotera sthn Krhth ta zwa eixan merida kai sto Xristocwmo. Oi Krhtikoi to Xristocwmo, to anakateyan me ta pitoyra kai to edinan sta zwa na to fane, gia na eyloghqoyn ki ayta.

    Glykismata:Ta paradosiaka glyka twn eortwn einai ta Xristocwma, ta melomakarona, oi koyrampiedes, ta sarikia, oi loykoymades, oi glykokoyloyres, h Basilopita. Ta melomakarona boytioyntai se meli kai paspalizontai me kopanismeno karydi, shsami kai kanela. Oi koyrampiedes exoyn agno boytyro, raki, amygdala, zaxarh axnh. H zaxarh symbolizei ta xionismena boyna ths epoxhs. Ta sarikia einai apo fyllo zymhs, thganizontai se kayto ladi kai paspalizontai me kanela kai shsami. Ta jerothgana einai peripoy idia me ta sarikia, alla, tyligontai sta daktyla.

    To podariko:Prokeitai gia ena eqimo poy diathreitai xronia. O prwtos anqrwpos poy qa pathsei me to podi toy [podariko] sto spiti meta thn eisodo toy neoy xronoy, prepei na einai tyxeros gia na ferei tyxh sto spiti kai na pathsei prwta me to deji toy podi gia na pane ola dejia dhl. kala.Epishs, thn hmera ths Prwtoxronias metaferoyn nero apo th brysh sto spiti kai o noikokyrhs leei: ``Opws trexei toyto to nero etsi na trexoyn kai ta kala sto spiti moy''.Akomh o noikokyrhs metaferei mia petra sto spiti legontas: ``Opws einai gerh toyth h petra etsi na einai gero kai to spiti moy''. Se orismena merh toy Hrakleioy, thn prwtoxronia synhqizetai h oikogeneia na phgainei sthn ekklhsia. Mazi toys pairnoyn mia eikona toy spitioy, h opoia afoy leitoyrghqei qa kanei to podariko sto spiti.

    Ta kalanta:Prokeitai gia ta Paradosiaka krhtika kalanta Xristoygennwn kai Prwtoxronias.Me ayta kai me thn Krhtikh dialekto mnhmoneyoyn ta gegonota twn eortwn, katalhgoyn me eyxes gia ton noikokyrh toy spitioy kai legontai thn paramonh ths kaqe giorths, synhqws apo paidia poy gyrizoyn apo spiti se spiti kai ta tragoydoyn kratwntas trigwna, lyres kai laoyta.

    Xarakthristiko einai to parakatw apospasma apo Krhtika Kalanta:Taxeia taxeia n'arxixronia ki arxh toy Genarioyayrio jhmerwnetai t' agioy Basileioy.Prwta poy bghken o Xristos-agios kai pneymatikos-sth gh na perpathseibghke kai xairethse oloys toys zeygolates.Ton prwto poy xairethse hton Agio Basilhs-Kalws ta kaneis Basileio, kalon zeygarin exeis

    H ``kalh xera''Thn prwtoxronia oi pappoydes kai oi stenoi syggeneis dinoyn sta paidia thn ``kalh xera'', dhladh,kapoio xrhmatiko poson. Eqimo poy diathreitai mexri kai shmera.

    H mpoygatsaSto Hrakleio yparxei kai to eqimo ths mpoygatsas, opoy oi katoikoi katanalwnoyn anhmera ths Prwtoxronias megales posothtes mpoygatsas, qelontas na einai glykia h prwth toys geysh. Malista,se oloys toys dromoy toy Hrakleioy thn paramonh ths Prwtoxronias exoyn sthqei ypaiqrioi pagkoi gia thn dianomh mpoygatsas.

    Xania: e eylabeia sth sphlia toy Ai Giannh...Zwntanh mexri kai shmera, poy polla exoyn allajei, paramenei sta Xania opws kai se olh th Krhth h paradosh, h opoia dinei ena idiaitero xrwma sthn giorth twn Xristoygennwn.Oi krhtikoi, anqrwpoi ths "tablas" kai ths paradoshs, diathroyn hqh kai eqima, poy akoma kai neoi anqrwpoi kyriws sthn ypaiqro throyn me eylabeia...

    Ta paradosiaka kalanta thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn fernoyn stoys dromoys porta-porta kyriws ta paidia, poy prin apo xronia mporei na epairnan apo to xeri toy noikokyrh kai ths noikokyras enan koyrampie, ena melomakarono kai abga kai koyloyres, alla, shmera enarmonismenoi sto pneyma twn kairwn bgainoyn stoys dromoys gia na ta poyn, me thn prosmonh na ejasfalisoyn to xartziliki toys.

    H eikona den allazei, opws kai sthn ypoloiph Ellada. Omades paidiwn kratwntas to paradosiako trigwno, thn krhtikh lyra kai alla moysika organa, xtypoyn tis portes apo nwris to prwi mexri kai arga to brady.

    Sto eswteriko twn spitiwn, hmeres prin exei stolistei to dentro twn Xristoygennwn, enw stis portes pollwn spitiwn kremetai to Xristoygenniatiko stefani.Pantws, o stolismos shmera einai diaforetikos se sxesh me alles epoxes, afoy ta perissotera spitia mesa kai ejw kosmoyn ta polyxrwma lampionia.

    Sto trapezi toy spitioy aparaithta edw kai polla xronia diathroyntai ta melomakarona kai oi koyrampiedes, poy akoma kai shmera polles noikokyres ejakoloyqoyn na paraskeyazoyn sto spiti, opws epishs, ta aygokalamara ta synanta kaneis se polla spitia.

    H nhsteia toy 40hmeroy threitai akoma kai shmera eylabika, enw oi ekklhsies kai oi naoi kataklyzontai apo pistoys.Sthn sphlia toy Ai Giannh sth Maraqokefala Kisamoy thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn teleitai Arxieratikh qeia leitoyrgia.

    H anaparastash ths fatnhs opoy gennhqhke o Xristos me probata, boskoys fwties, shmantra kai to asteri na lampei sthn koryfh ths sphlias dinoyn idiaitero xrwma.

    Stis koyzines twn spitiwn ta sygklina, to xoirino, ta entosqia sto thgani, to zymwto cwmi, to brasto, to Krhtiko pilafi, "kyriarxoyn" ths galopoylas.

    Palaiotera, apo thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn oi gewrgoi, oi boskoi kai oi naytikoi elegan "pws paleyoyn oi kairoi, kai oi aerhdes poios qa gennhqei kai poios qa baptisqei".

    Opoios gennhqei, dhladh, opoios yperisxysei kai bgei nikhths thn hmera twn Xristoygennwn, aytos qa yperisxysei mexri kai ta fwta, alla kai oloklhro ton kainoyrio xrono.

    Pio palia, to brady ths paramonhs twn Xristoygennwn ekoban kladia kai blastoys oi noikokyres kai kores kai ta phgainan sto spiti. Ta ebazan se pothri me nero kai prosmonoysan na anqisoyn.

    To prozymi, to Xristocwmo eixan jexwristh qesh se kaqe spiti, enw kai to " anaqremma" toy xoiroy poy sfazontan thn paramonh, kyriarxoyse sta perissotera xwria.

    Thn deyterh hmera twn Xristoygennwn apo to kreas toy xoiroy paraskeyazan loykanika, apakia, phxth, sygklino, omaqies kai tsigarides.

    To "akoimhto" tzaki me ta megala koytsoyra [jyla], ejakoloyqei kai stis hmeres mas na dinei ton tono mias giorths oikogeneiakhs, poy oloi anazhtoyn thn eytyxia ths gennhshs toy neoy xronoy poy erxetai.

    Oi palaioteroi elegan pws mesa apo thn aqrakia -thn staxth- mporoysan na mantecoyn ta melloymena.

    Eidhsh: 17068

    [02] Hqh, eqima kai paradoseis ana ta Balkania

    Ena monadiko giortino "pazl" synqetoyn ta hqh kai eqima gia ton eortasmo twn Xristoygennwn sta Balkania, opoy oi paradoseis "kala kratoyn".

    KroatiaSthn Kroatia, to xristoygenniatiko dentro stolizetai me froyta, karydia, glyka, gyalina stolidia kai keria.Oi episkeptes qa akoysoyn diaforetikes "ekdoxes" apo ta kalanta, qa dokimasoyn plhqwra paradosiakwn, xristoygenniatikwn, faghtwn kai qa aisqanqoyn "meros" ths paradoshs.O eortasmos twn Xristoygennwn arxizei stis 13 Dekembrioy [eorth ths agias Loykias], opoy oi oikogeneies topoqetoyn sporoys sitarioy se ena piato me nero. Oi sporoi megalwnoyn kai to brady twn Xristoygennwn toys denoyn me thn apokaloymenh "trobojnica" mia kordela me kokkino, mple kai aspro xrwma.H paradosh qelei mia gynaika na gyrna stis geitonies kai na prosferei syka, amygdala, jhroys karpoys kai mhla.Ejalloy, se arketes perioxes, oi oikogeneies skorpoyn axyra sta patwmata twn spitiwn toys kai katw apo to xristoygenniatiko trapezi, thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn.Ta melh twn oikogeneiwn kanoyn eyxes gia ygeia, kalh tyxh kai syxna kaqontai panw sta axyra.To "paramyqi" twn Xristoygennwn "zwntaneyei" kai ston khpo ths oikogeneias Salaj, sthn perioxh Gkrampobnitsa. H oikogeneia kaqe xrono, stolizei ektos toy xristoygenniatikoy dentroy sto spiti, ton khpo ths me xiliades lampionia kai stolidia me apotelesma na perilhfqei ston katalogo toy organismoy toyrismoy ths perioxhs kai toy Organismoy Toyrismoy ths Kroatias, ws elkystikos proorismos gia toys episkeptes apo alles xwres.Malista, to apotelesma einai toso entypwsiako poy oi fwtografies apo to xristoygenniatiko diakosmo "filojenoyntai" se arketes diadiktyakes pyles.

    RoymaniaSth Roymania, ta kalanta twn Xristoygennwn "skorpoyn" ston xeimwniatiko aera to mhnyma ths Gennhshs toy Qeanqrwpoy kai glykainoyn tis kardies twn Roymanwn poy giortazoyn ta Xristoygenna thrwntas tis paradoseis.Sta sokakia twn polewn kai twn xwriwn neoi kai paidia calloyn ta kalanta, enw oi paterades bazoyn kermata stis tsepes twn panteloniwn twn paidiwn toys gia na einai to Neo Etos afqono kai gennaiodwro mazi toys.

    Epishs, anhmera twn Xristoygennwn, to cwmi topoqeteitai katw apo to trapezi gia na ferei tyxh sthn oikogeneia kai sporoi sitarioy topoqetoyntai katw apo to trapezomantilo gia na einai kalh h sodeia to Neo Etos.

    Stis 20 Dekembrioy oi Roymanoi giortazoyn thn hmera toy Agioy Ignatioy [oysiastika ayth thn hmera arxizei o eortasmos twn Xristoygennwn]. Ayth thn hmera apagoreyetai h ergasia kai h monadikh doyleia poy kaloyntai, kyriws, oi noikokyres na kanoyn einai na etoimasoyn to menoy toy xristoygenniatikoy deipnoy.

    SerbiaSth Serbia, oi polites lene "Srecan Bozic" [Kala Xristoygenna] kai sto giortino trapezi trwne th "cesnica" ena idiaitero eidos cwmioy poy apotelei paradosh gia ta Xristoygenna.Kaqe melos ths oikogeneias pairnei ena kommati, enw ena kommati proorizetai kai gia to spiti.Prokeitai gia ena "eidos" basilopitas, kaqws mesa sto cwmi yparxei ena nomisma kai opoios to brei, qewreitai kalotyxos gia th nea xronia.

    To idaniko, eortastiko periballon sth Serbia, to "synqetei" kai to kocimo toy dentroy [synhqws balanidia] thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn. 'Ena megalo kommati apo to dentro synhqws rixnetai sto tzaki toy spitioy gia kalh tyxh.Ejalloy, ena pako apo axyra skorpizetai sto patwma toy spitioy, enw to giortino trapezi "xarakthrizetai" apo poikilia faghtwn.

    Anhmera twn Xristoygennwn, o eortasmos "metaferetai" stis ekklhsies opoy oi kampanes xtypoyn kai kaloyn toys polites na giortasoyn th Gennhsh toy Qeanqrwpoy. Idiaiterh shmasia exei -kata thn paradosh- o prwtos episkepths toy spitioy, kaqws prepei na qewreitai kalotyxos gia na ferei sthn oikogeneia goyri gia to Neo Etos.Malista, oi perissoteroi gia na einai sigoyroi oti qa exoyn kalh tyxh to Neo Etos, epilegoyn ton prwto episkepth.

    BoylgariaSth Boylgaria, kaqe xrono stis 24 Dekembrioy, ola ta melh ths oikogeneias sygkentrwnontai apo nwris gia na etoimasoyn to giortino trapezi. H paradosh qelei ayto to cwmi na to exei etoimasei mia anypantrh h prosfata pantremenh kopela. To cwmi einai diakosmhmeno me stoixeia poy symbolizoyn ta oikosita zwa kai ton agro. Mesa se ayto topoqeteitai ena tyxero nomisma.

    H idia kopela paraskeyazei stroggyla tsoyrekia gia toys mikroys poy calloyn ta kalanta.Prin apo to giortino trapezi, h noikokyra toy spitioy qymiatizei ola ta dwmatia, ton khpo kai ton axerwna -opoy aytos yparxei- prokeimenoy na jorkisei ta kaka pneymata.

    Tipota den daneizetai ayth thn hmera prokeimenoy ta ployth ths oikogeneias na parameinoyn se ayth kata th diarkeia toy etoys. 'Ena jexwristo stoixeio einai h teleth "koleduvane": Metamfiesmenoi kai callontas ta kalanta, neara agoria poy symmetexoyn sthn teleth, periferontai apo spiti se spiti gia na eyxhqoyn eyhmeria, kalh tyxh kai ygeia. En synexeia, erxontai alloi nearoi poy exontas berges kranias, stolismenes me kordeles, kalampoki kai froyta, xtypoyn apala toys anqrwpoys stoys wmoys kai toys eyxontai ygeia, makrozwia kai epityxia.

    Thn enarjh twn eortasmwn twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias shmatodotei h hmera toy Agioy Ignatioy poy eortazetai stis 22 Dekembrioy.

    SlobeniaMe makra paradosh, plhqwra eqimwn "kommati" ths koinhs eyrwpaikhs klhronomias kai sth Slobenia "prwtagwnistoyn" ta kalanta kai to stolisma toy xristoygenniatikoy dentroy.Bebaiws, to cwmi poy "kosmei" to xristoygenniatiko trapezi, "koybala" kai ayto to diko toy "baros" kaqws, symfwna me thn paradosh, qa ferei stoys anqrwpoys kai ta oikosita zwa, ygeia, dynamh kai energeia. Oi "kalantarhdes", ejalloy, qa feroyn kai aytoi se kaqe spiti eyxes gia ygeia, tyxh kai eylogia.

    Kata th diarkeia twn eortwn twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias, se kaqe spiti, oi noikokyres qymiatizoyn gia na diwjoyn makria ta kaka pneymata.

    Thn paramonh twn Xristoygennwn, oi oikogeneies sygkentrwnontai sto spiti kai ta megalytera melh ths oikogeneias moirazoyn sta paidia glyka kai froyta.

    Eidhsh: 17069

    [03] Eortes me kinhsh sthn agora kai filanqrwpikes energeies

    Koinwnia

    Se eortastikoys ryqmoys kineitai shmera h agora. Sthn Barbakeio, ayjhmenh einai apo to prwi h kinhsh.Sta persina epipeda einai to kostos toy Xristoygenniatikoy trapezioy, symfwna me ektimhseis twn armodiwn yphresiwn.Shmera paramonh Xristoygennwn ta emporika katasthmata kai ta soyper market qa parameinoyn anoixta ews tis 6 m.m..

    Anoikta qa einai ta emporika katasthmata ths Aqhnas thn teleytaia Kyriakh toy etoys, kata parekklish toy nomoy, symfwna me apofash toy ypoyrgoy Anaptyjhs.Thn sxetikh adeia anamenetai na egkrinei shmera to Nomarxiako Symboylio.Anoikta mporoyn na meinoyn ta katasthmata kai se alles perioxes ths xwras, ef' oson yparxei adeia apo tis nomarxies.

    H ergasia qa einai eqelontikh, me prosayjhsh 75% toy hmeromisqioy kai mia epipleon hmera adeias ontos toy Ianoyarioy, h opoia an metatrapei se ergasimh, tote qa plhrwqei me prosayjhsh 75% toy hmeromisqioy.

    Thn entonh antiqesh toys me thn apofash ekfrazoyn syndikata, foreis kai ergazomenoi.To KKE kai o Synaspismos diablepoyn apopeira katarghshs ths Kyriakhs argias, me prosxhma tis ektaktes anagkes ths agoras.

    Geymata Agaphs qa prosferei o Eryqros Stayros, sto ktirio ths G' Septembrioy, shmera, ayrio, kaqws kai epishs, thn paramonh kai anhmera ths Prwtoxronias, se astegoys kai aporoys allodapoys toy kentroy ths Aqhnas.

    To Idryma Astegwn toy dhmoy Aqhnaiwn qa prosferei to meshmeri twn Xristoygennwn eortastiko geyma kai dwra, sto Kentro Sitishs, Sofokleoys-70 & Peiraiws-35.

    Eidhsh: 17067

    [04] Me kinhsh & broxero kairo h ejodos gia tis eortes.

    Ayjhmenh h kinhsh apo to prwi stoys staqmoys yperastikwn lewforeiwn, toy OSE ta aerodromia kai ta limania.Apo to aerodromio El. Benizelos exoyn programmatistei apo shmera ws thn Paraskeyh 2.409 prosgeiwseis kai apogeiwseis gia proorismoys eswterikoy kai ejwterikoy, 91 pthseis tsarter kai 40 ektaktes pthseis.To 100% aggizei h plhrothta twn dromologiwn toy OSE sth grammh Aqhna-Qessalonikh, an kai exoyn enisxyqei me epipleon bagonia.

    Ayjhmenh kata 30% h kinhsh ston staqmo twn yperastikwn lewforeiwn ston Khfiso me dekades dromologia na exoyn programmatistei gia na ejyphrethqoyn oloi oi epibates.Xwris problhmata oi aktoploikes sygkoinwnies, afoy h EMY den problepei isxyroys anemoys gia ta pelagh gia olo to tetrahmero twn Xristoygennwn.Ektakta metra exei labei h troxaia kai stis dyo eqnikes odoys gia dieykolynsh twn odhgwn.Xamhles qermokrasies epikratoyn se olh th xwra.Me alysides h kykloforia apo Fterolaka pros Parnasso, apo Bolo pros Zagora kai apo Flwrina pros Kastoria mesw Bitsioy.

    Eidhsh: 17066

    [05] Sthn Aqhna oi politikoi arxhgoi gia ta kalanta

    Entos twn tyxwn ths Aqhnas qa parameinoyn oi arxhgoi twn kommatwn gia tis hmeres twn Xristoygennwn.O prwqypoyrgos K. Karamanlhs qa perasei tis giortes twn Xristoygennwn kai ths Prwtoxronias sto spiti toy sth Rafhna, en antiqesei me ton proedros toy PASOK G. Papandreoy, o opoios eixe programmatisei episkech sto Londino opoy spoydazei h korh toy.Sthn Aqhna qa perasoyn thn periodo twn eortwn h G.G. toy KKE Aleka Paparhga, o proedros toy SYN Alejhs Tsipras kai o proedros toy LAOS Giwrgos Karatzaferhs.

    En tw metajy, ta kalanta twn Xristoygennwn calloyn shmera stoys politikoys arxhgoys syllogoi, swmateia kai foreis.

    Stis 8:45 p.m. h Panhpeirwtikh Synomospondia Ellados eipe sth G.G. toy KKE Aleka Paparhga ta kalanta kai stis 9:30 p.m. h Enwsh Afrikanwn Gynaikwn mazi me paidia metanastwn.

    Stis 10:30 p.m., qa calloyn ta kalanta ston Prwqypoyrgo h Paidikh xorwdia kai h Filarmonikh toy Dhmoy Aqhnaiwn kai thn idia wra qa callei ta kalanta ston Proedro toy LA.O.S. Giwrgo Karatzaferh h Panellhnia Omospondia Pontiakwn Swmateiwn.

    Stis 11:30 p.m., qa calloyn ta kalanta ston Proedro toy PASOK, h Pampontiakh Omospondia Ellados kai stis 12:15 m.m., o Syllogos Kynidariwtwn Najoy.

    Ston Proedro toy SYN Alejh Tsipra qa calloyn ta kalanta stis 13:30 o Syllogos Pontiwn kai stis 14:30 o syllogos Hpeirwtwn.

    Eidhsh: 17065

    [06] Diaforetika opla xrhsimopoihqhkan sthn epiqesh enantion lewforeioy twn MAT

    Dyo diaforetika opla xrhsimopoihqhkan sthn epiqesh enantion toy lewforeioy twn MAT sth diastayrwsh Kokkinopoyloy kai Katexakh, sto Goydi, ejw apo to panepisthmiako xwro.Opws proekyce apo thn ejetash twn epta kalykwn sta eidika ergasthria ths Astynomias, ta opla einai idioy men typoy, alla, diaforetikoy diamtrhmatos kai einai kai ta dyo twn 7,62 xiliostwn.Opws piqanologoyn oi eidikoi ajiwmatikoi ths astynomias, einai aytomata stratiwtikoy typoy kai kata tis endeijeis xrhsimopoihqhkan apo dyo diaforetika atoma.Ypenqymizetai oti h epiqesh-mysthrio egine exqes stis 5:50 ta jhmerwmata ths Triths.

    Opws exei ginei mexri stigmhs gnwsto, exoyn syllegei epta kalykes synolika. Oi dyo breqhkan to prwi, o enas ej aytwn sfhnwmenos sth mhxanh, poy brisketai sto pisw meros toy astynomikoy oxhmatos. Oi bolides apestalhsan gia ballistiko elegxo, poy edeije oti oi bolides einai diametrhmatos 7,62 xiliostwn, apo polemiko oplo piqanotata typoy "Kalasnikwf".Oi epitopies ereynes sto xwro ths epiqeshs apokalycan alloys pente kalykes sfairwn, poy exoyn stalei epishs gia elegxo. Oi astynomikes arxes ejetazoyn to endexomeno h enedra poy eixan sthsei agnwstoi na eixe ormhthrio palaio polyboleio poy einai entos toy xwroy toy Panepisthmioy.Na tonisqei oti den traymatisthke kanenas apo toys 19 astynomikoys poy epebainan sto oxhma, to opoio kai epestrece sth bash toy. To peristatiko ereynatai, h dimoiria askei ta kaqhkonta ths kai phge kanonika sthn yphresia, tonise o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn Prokophs Paylopoylos meta thn synanthsh toy me ton Prwqypoyrgo.Oi astynomikoi ths dimoirias twn MAT poy briskotan mesa sto lewforeio anaferoyn oti th stigmh poy to oxhma ejerxontan apo thn odo Kokkinopoyloy, sthn Katexakh kateqesan oti akoysan kroto kai eidan lamceis apo thn pleyra toy palaioy polyboleioy poy brisketai mesa so xwro ths Polytexneioypolhs kai dejia ths Kokkinopoyloy. To oxhma stamathse, alla oi astynomikoi den mporoysan na mpoyn mesa sto xwro ths Panepisthmioypolhs, ejaitias toy asyloy.O yfypoyrgos Eswterikwn gia qemata Dhmosias Tajhs Panagiwths Xhnofwths metebh sthn edra twn MAT sto Goydi, enw sth synexeia metebh kai o ypoyrgos Eswterikwn, Prokophs Paylopoylos, meta th synanthsh toy me ton Prwqypoyrgo sto Megaro Majimoy.Oi prytanikes arxes epetrecan exqes to meshmeri sthn astynomia na mpei kai na kanei ereyna sto polyboleio kai stoys gyrw xwroys, enw ta prwta dyo blhmata poy breqhkan gyrw apo to oxhma, stalqhkan sta egklhmatologika ergasthria, ta opoia apefanqhsan oti oi sfaires twn 7,62 xiliostwn mporei na proerxontai h apo "Kalasnikwf", eite apo polemiko toyfeki G3 eite apo pistoli typoy Tokaref sobietikhs kataskeyhs. H astynomia ejakoloyqei ereyna ta tmhmata twn bolidwn, gia thn aneyresh kai alloy ylikoy dedomenoy oti einai h prwth fora poy ginetai tetoia energeia se baros astynomikoy oxhmatos.Stis ereynes symmetexei kai h Antitromokratikh Yphresia.To peristatiko prokalese kai politikes dhlwseis"Jekaqarh kai akribh enhmerwsh" gia to peristatiko, zhthse h anaplhrwtria ekproswpos Typoy toy PASOK Maria Karaklioymh, h opoia eipe oti "h asfaleia twn politwn einai shmantikh kai h enhmerwsh prepei na einai amesh kai oxi apotelesma diylishs plhroforias", prosqetontas oti "h polyglwssia kai h sygxysh den prosferoyn tipote.Antiqetws dhmioyrgoyn prosforo edafos gia entash, ojythta kai dixasmo"."Oi probokatsies kata toy ergatikoy - laikoy kai neolaiistikoy kinhmatos synexizontai. Oi ergazomenoi kai h neolaia toys prepei na epagrypnoyn", sxoliase o Makhs Mailhs apo to KKE."O megalyteros kindynos shmera, gia th Dhmokratia kai apo toys koykoyloforoys, einai na perasoyme sthn aytodikia. To oxhma twn MAT, dexqhke sxedon 10 sfaires. Giati twra h kybernhsh, prospaqei na ypobaqmisei to gegonos, o kaqenas eykolws antilambanetai", dhlwse o proedros toy LAOS, G. Karatzaferhs.

    Eidhsh: 17070


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