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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 12-05-19

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Arxaio Ellhniko Qeatro

    [01] Arxaio Ellhniko Qeatro

    To arxaio ellhniko qeatro, qesmos ths arxaias ellhnikhs polhs-kratoys, didaskalia kai telesh qeatrikwn parastasewn me thn eykairia twn eortasmwn toy Dionysoy, anaptyxqhke sta telh ths arxaikhs periodoy. O arxaioteros xwros poy mporei na onomastei ``qeatro'' brisketai sthn Knwso kai den jeroyme ti eidoys qeama parakoloyqoysan ekei oi katoikoi ths Knwsoy. Piqanotata eblepan ta omorfa koritsia ths Minwikhs Krhths na strobilizontai mprosta toys. O xoros apotelei thn arxh toy qeatroy, gi' ayto kai h kardia toy qeatroy onomazetai ``orxhstra''.

    H ennoia toy qeatroy einai synyfasmenh me thn ennoia toy ellhnikoy politismoy. Oi Ellhnes idrysan dekades qeatra se olo ton arxaio kosmo. Akoma kai oi Spartiates para to oti toys exoyme synhqisei na toys skeftomaste panta na polemoyn h na gymnazontai eixan qeatro.

    Sthn arxaia ellhnikh glwssa ``qeatro'' onomazotan arxika to akroathrio kai argotera o topos twn parastasewn me to synolo twn xtismatwn toy.

    H arxaioterh morfh ths qeshs twn qeatwn htan ena synolo jylinwn edwliwn topoqethmenwn gyrw apo enan epipedo kykliko xwro thn ``orxhstra'', opoy ektylissotan to drama.

    Ton 4o aiwna gia thn apofygh twn dystyxhmatwn ta ellhnika qeatra ginontai liqina kai diadidontai sth Megalh Ellada kai stis poleis ths Mikras Asias.

    Apo ta shmantikotera qeatra ths arxaias Elladas einai to qeatro Dionysoy sthn Aqhna katw apo thn Akropolh, ta qeatra ths Epidayroy, ths Dhloy, ths Qhras, toy Peiraia, ths Megalopolhs , toy Wrwpoy kai ths Magnhsias sth Mikra Asia.

    To qeatro Dionysoy einai to arxaiotero qeatro poy yparxei shmera. An kai ayto poy blepoyme antanakla thn morfh poy phre to qeatro ton 4o aiwna thn epoxh toy arxontos Lykoyrgoy, den mporoyme na mh skeftoyme oti sto qeatro ayto paroysiasan ta erga toys oi megaloi tragikoi, Aisxylos, Sofoklhs kai Eyripidhs, enw sto idio ayto qeatro kaqisan kapote ws qeates o Solwn, o Periklhs, o Swkraths, o Platwnas kai o Aristotelhs poy mas edwse kai ton orismo ths tragwdias ``tragwdia esti mimhsis prajews''.

    Qeatra polla kai shmantika eftiajan oi Ellhnes epishs sthn Korinqo, stoys Delfoys, sth Dwdwnh, stis Syrakoyses kai sth Mhlo kai to pio prosfato anaskammeno sth Messhnh.

    To pio omorfo kai kalodiathrhmeno arxaio qeatro einai ayto ths Epidayroy.

    To artiotero deigma arxaioy ellhnikoy qeatroy, einai to qeatro ths Epidayroy poy ktisthke gia na teloyntai se ayto oi moysikoi, wdikoi kai dramatikoi agwnes twn Asklhpieiwn. Fhmismeno gia thn akoystikh toy, to qeatro ayto mporei na mas xarisei anepanalhptes stigmes sygkinhshs eite to episkeptomaste ws perihghtes, eite ws qeates.

    Staqeite sth qymelh kai skefteite ton arxaio hqopoio poy agwnisthke ekei se kapoia giorth pros timh toy qeoy Asklhpioy.

    Oi qeates qa eixan erqei apo polla merh gia na ton doyn, enw meta thn parastash qa phgainan kai aytoi gia faghto me mia diafora - qa htan meshmeri giati oi parastaseis tote dinontan to prwi.

    Einai pragmatika mageytiko na mporeis na kaqiseis sthn kerkida enos arxaioy qeatroy gia na parakoloyqhseis mia parastash, qaymazontas ton periballonta xwro kai analogizomenos poso sofh htan h epilogh ths topoqesias gia th dhmioyrgia enos qeatroy!

    To 1961 to Dieqnes Institoyto Qeatroy, kaqierwse thn 27h Martioy ws Pagkosmia Hmera Qeatroy.

    Ayth thn hmera diabazetai se ola ta qeatra toy kosmoy to Dieqnes Mhnyma poy grafetai kaqe xrono apo diaforetikh proswpikothta toy qeatroy, metafrazetai se oles tis glwsses, dhmosieyetai kai diabazetai sta qeatra.

    To prwto Dieqnes mhnyma gia thn Pagkosmia Hmera Qeatroy egrace o Gallos syggrafeas Zan Kokto kai akoloyqhsan o Amerikanos syggrafeas Arqoyr Miler , Lorens Olibie, Zan -Loyi Mparo, Aggelos Terzakhs, Piter Mproyk, Ntimitri Sostakobits, Pamplo Neroyda, Mwris Mpezar, Loykino Biskonti, Iakwbos Kampanellhs k.a.

    Prosqetes Plhrofories

    Phgh: Fwnh ths Elladas

    Reportaz: Nota Xatzhanastasioy

    Epimeleia: Banessa Dhmopoyloy

    Antapokrish:

    Teleytaia tropopoihsh stis Deytera, 26 Martioy 2012 10:47

    Eidhsh: 7477


    The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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