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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 12-11-02

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Galajidi: Arxontia, grafikothta kai omorfia

    [01] Galajidi: Arxontia, grafikothta kai omorfia

    Arxontia, grafikothta kai omorfia xarakthrizoyn th naytikh politeia toy Galajidioy.

    Sth skia toy Parnassoy kai toy omfaloy ths ghs, twn Delfwn, h arxaia Oianqeia toy Paysania, htan apo tis pio shmantikes naytikes politeies twn Esperiwn Lokrwn.

    Shmera jediplwnei tis omorfies ths ston Krissaio kolpo, agkaliazontas toys episkeptes ths poy zhtoyn katafygio sthn hremia ths.

    Kanontas mia bolta sta grafika sokakia ths mikrhs ayths politeias qa deite thn aiglh toy parelqontos na anadyetai se kaqe ths gwnia.

    To Galajidi exei xarakthrisqei ws paradosiakos kai diathrhteos oikismos, enas oikismos poy ton diakrinei h arxitektonikh twn kapetanospitwn.

    Symfwna me to myqo Galajayra h Galaja htan h korh toy qeoy Wkeanoy, poy paroysiasthke ologymnh stoys neoys ths polhs, prokalwntas toys na ftiajoyn to prwto pleoymeno kai na thn kynhghsoyn.

    Me paradosh sth naytilia, h dekaetia 1830-1840 htan gia to Galajidi h epoxh ths Anagennhshs, afoy mesa se aythn dhmioyrghsan ton Galajeidiwtiko stolo. To 1860 brhke to Galajidi me perissotera apo 300 ploia na exei ftasei sth megalyterh toy akmh, enw kaqe xrono erixnan sth qalassa 15 ews 20 istiofora.

    To orama toys htan na anadeijoyn thn patrida toys aytonomo kai protypo naytiliako kentro. Gia to logo ayto kalesan onomastoys daskaloys ths naytikhs texnhs kai dhmioyrghsan Naytikh Sxolh.

    To 1833 emfanisthke o atmos kai th qesh twn istioforwn pairnoyn ta atmoploia. H parakmh arxise to 1890, enw to 1903 nayphghqhkan ta teleytaia galajidiwtika skaria.

    To Galajidi einai ktismeno se mikres xersonhsoys, kai brexetai sxedon apo pantoy me qalassa. H mikrh naytikh politeia exei dyo limania thn Agora kai to Xhrolaka, alla kai dyo poly omorfa moyseia to Naytiko kai to Laografiko.

    Sthn paralia ths, sthn akth Oianqhs, qa breite polla estiatoria, tabernakia, kafeneia kai mpar opws epishs kai ergasthria poy ftiaxnoyn paradosiaka galajidiwtika glyka.

    Ton kafe sas qa ton pieite sto pio palio kafeneio toy Galajidioy, ton ``Qemistoklh''. H yparjh toy xronologeitai apo to 1821 kai exei anakhryxqei apo to Ypoyrgeio Politismoy mnhmeio twn neoterwn xronwn. Apoteloyse topo synanthshs ths koinwnias toy Galajidioy, twn kapetanaiwn, twn logiwn kai twn politikwn toy topoy.

    Exei dyo fysika apanema limania, thn Agora kai ton Xhrolaka, poy xwrizontai apo ton Kabo. Ston Kabo yparxei enas faros apo to 1909.

    Sthn Agora qa deite ta carokaika aragmena kai ta istioploika ligo pio katw, enw o dromos qa sas odhghsei kai sto deytero limani ths naytikhs politeias to Xhrolaka. Onomasthke etsi apo tis xhres twn naytikwn poy mazeyontan edw gia na klacoyn toys agaphmenoys toys poy eixan xaqei sth qalassa. Edw qa deite kai to agalma toy Galajidiwth kapetanioy, enw mporeite na kanete mia mikrh stash gia na xalarwsete me qea th qalassa. Sth bolta sas qa deite kai merika apo ta pio omorfa arxontika toy Galajidioy.

    Ta palia kapetanospita, me tis keramoskepes, martyroyn to naytiko parelqon toy topoy.

    Episkefqeite to Naytiko Moyseio to opoio stegazetai se ena palio ktirio poy xtisqhke to 1870. Stis proqhkes toy qa deite antikeimena poy exoyn sxesh me ta karabia kai th qalassa, enw thn prosoxh sas qa trabhjoyn oi pinakes twn istioforwn stoys opoioys apeikonizontan ta karabia twn karabokyraiwn, oi opoioi aneqetan se Ellhnes h jenoys zwgrafoys na ta apotypwsoyn ston kamba toys kai sth synexeia stolizan me ayta ta spitia toys. Qa deite akroprwra me gynaikeies morfes, alla kai naytika organa nhologia, naylosymfwna kai hmerologia.

    Ena apo ta shmantikotera ekqemata toy moyseioy einai to ``Xroniko toy Galajeidioy'', mia xeirografh anafora sthn istoria toy topoy grammenh to 1703 apo ton ieromonaxo Eyqymio ths Basilikhs Monhs toy Swthros. To eggrafo breqhke sta xalasmata ths Monhs to 1864 apo ton Galajidiwth istoriko Kwnstantino Saqa.

    O ieros naos toy Agioy Nikolaoy steketai epiblhtikos sthn koryfh toy lofoy. O Agios Nikolaos einai kai o polioyxos ths polhs.

    Ligo pio katw qa deite ton palaio nao toy Galajidioy, einai o naos ths Agias Paraskeyhs poy xronologeitai apo to 1667, me to hliako roloi kai to hliako hmerologio me ton zwdiako kyklo poy eftiaje o karabokyrhs kai mysths ths astronomias kapetan Hlias Skoyrths.

    Sthn Pera Panta qa kanete mia romantikh bolta sto alsos poy dhmioyrghqhke to 1929, enw apo to monasthri Metamorfwsh toy Swthros qa atenisete apo chla to Galajidi mexri apenanti thn Itea, toys Delfoys kai ton Parnasso.

    To Galajidi einai omorfo! Perpathste to, zhste to, sta dromakia toy qa qymhqeite ta anemela paidika sas xronia, enw se kaqe toy gwnia qa sas fanerwnontai shmadia apo thn megalh naytikh toy istoria.

    Prosqetes Plhrofories

    Phgh: ``Fwnh ths Elladas''

    Reportaz: Nota Xatzhanastasioy

    Epimeleia: Banessa Dhmopoyloy

    Antapokrish:

    Eidhsh: 24360


    The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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