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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in Greek, 12-12-14

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in ASCII Greek Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

PERIEXOMENA

  • [01] Sth Boylh to forologiko - Syntelesths 42% gia eisodhma anw twn 42.000 b
  • [02] Me mia matia

    [01] Sth Boylh to forologiko - Syntelesths 42% gia eisodhma anw twn 42.000 b

    Nea klimaka gia misqwtoys kai syntajioyxoys problepei to forologiko nomosxedio poy katateqhke to brady ths Pempths sth Boylh. To neo forologiko nomosxedio problepei dyo klimakes forologias eisodhmatos, mia gia toys misqwtoys kai toys syntajioyxoys kai mia gia toys eleyqeroys epaggelmaties. H chfish toy nomosxedioy einai proapaitoymeno gia thn egkrish ths doshs toy Ianoyarioy, dhlwse apo tis Bryjelles o Giannhs Stoyrnaras.

    Katateqhke sth Boylh to neo forologiko nomosxedio

    Sthn klimaka forologias eisodhmatos o anwtatos forologikos syntelesths anerxetai se 42% gia eisodhmata megalytera twn 42.000 eyrw. Gia eisodhmata ews 25.000 eyrw o forologikos syntelesths einai 22% kai gia to klimakio toy eisodhmatos apo 25.001 eyrw ews 42.000 eyrw problepetai forologikos syntelesths 32%.

    Sthn klimaka twn eleyqerwn epaggelmatiwn problepetai forologikos syntelesths 26% gia eisodhmata ews 50.000 eyrw kai 33% gia to yperballon. Se antiqesh me toys eleyqeroys epaggelmaties, gia toys opoioys katargeitai to aforologhto poso, gia toys misqwtoys kai toys syntajioyxoys problepetai meiwsh foroy 2.100 eyrw gia eisodhmata ews kai 21.000 eyrw. Gia eisodhmata ychlotera to poso ths meiwshs periorizetai kata 100 eyrw ana 1.000 eyrw eisodhmatos.

    Parallhla, diathreitai h ekptwsh foroy 10% gia ta ejoda iatrikhs kai nosokomeiakhs periqalchs, gia to poso ths diatrofhs poy epidikasthke kai kataballetai apo ton enan syzygo ston allon, gia dwrees.

    Se oti afora ta eisodhmata apo enoikia problepetai klimaka me forologiko syntelesth 10% gia ethsio eisodhma ews 12.000 eyrw kai 33% gia to yperballon. Gia ta eisodhmata apo tokoys kataqesewn o forologikos syntelesths ayjanetai sto 15% apo 10%.

    Analytika

    Eisodhmata ews 25.000 eyrw qa forologoyntai me syntelesth 22%, sta epomena 17.000 eyrw qa epiballetai foros 32%, enw gia eisodhmata anw twn 42.000 epiballetai forologikos syntelesths 42%. H nea klimaka odhgei se elafrynseis gia misqwtoys kai syntajioyxoys xwris paidia, me ethsio eisodhma ews 23.000 eyrw, enw epibarynseis qa yparjoyn gia toys forologoymenoys me paidia logw ths katarghshs toy aforologhtoy, to opoio antistaqmizetai en merei me thn qespish oikogeneiakoy epidomatos 40 eyrw gia kaqe paidi apo to prwto.

    Edika gia tis triteknes kai polyteknes oikogeneies problepetai polytekniko epidoma 500 eyrw to xrono, efoson to oikogeneiako eisodhma einai mexri 45.000 eyrw. Epibarynseis qa prokycoyn kai gia toys forologoymenoys, oi opoioi ta prohgoymena xronia, meiwnan to foro logw twn ekptwsewn diaforwn dapanwn opws oi tokoi stegastikwn daneiwn, ta enoikia katoikiwn klp. Me th nea klimaka kaqierwnetai oysiastika aforologhto 9.000, kaqws gia eisodhma ews 21.000 eyrw, o foros meiwnetai kata 2.100 eyrw. Efoson o foros poy prokyptei einai mikroteros twn 2.100 eyrw tote to poso meiwshs periorizetai sto poso toy foroy. Gia eisodhma anw twn 21.000 eyrw to poso meiwshs periorizetai kata 100 eyrw ana xilia 1.000 eyrw eisodhmatos kai mexri ejantlhsews toy posoy twn 2.100 eyrw, sto epipedo eisodhmatos twn 42.000 eyrw.

    Me th nea klimaka: G Forologoymenos me eisodhma 13.000 eyrw qa plhrwsei foro 760 eyrw enw me thn klimaka poy isxyei shmera o foros anerxetai sta 880 eyrw. G Forologoymenos me eisodhma 23.000 eyrw qa plhrwsei foro me bash th nea klimaka 3.160 eyrw enw me thn isxyoysa o foros anerxetai sta 3.170 eyrw. Oi forologoymenoi me eisodhmata anw twn 23.000 eyrw qa diapistwsoyn ayjhsh twn forologikwn epibarynsewn. Gia paradeigma misqwtos me eisodhma 31.000 eyrw qa plhrwsei to 2013 foro 6.320 eyrw enw me thn isxyoysa klimaka o foros poy analogei anerxetai sta 5.670 eyrw. Dhladh qa plhrwsei ejtra foro 650 eyrw. Forologoymenoys me eisodhmata 55.000 eyrw me bash to proteinomeno systhma qa plhrwsei 16.400 eyrw enw me thn klimaka poy isxyei shmera o foros anerxetai sta 14.520 eyrw.

    Anaforika me tis epibarynseis stoys misqwtoys me paidia, oi apwleies synypologizomenwn twn newn epidomatwn jekinoyn: G Apo tis 23.000 eyrw kai panw gia osoys exoyn 1 paidi G Apo tis 22.000 eyrw gia osoys exoyn 2 paidia G Apo tis 23.000 eyrw gia osoys exoyn 3 paidia G Apo tis 15.000 eyrw kai panw gia osoys exoyn 4 paidia. Oson afora stis foroapallages, diathroyntai- ypo proypoqeseis- mono aytes gia dapanes iatrikhs kai nosokomeiakhs periqalchs, diatrofhs logw diazygioy kai dwrees. Oi iatrikes dapanes ekpiptontai kata to meros poy den kalyptontai apo asfalistika tameia h kai asfalistikes etaireies kai yperbainoyn to 5% toy forologoymenoy eisodhmatos. To poso ths meiwshs den mporei na yperbei tis 3.000 eyrw. Sthn periptwsh diatrofhs to poso ths meiwshs toy foroy den mporei na yperbei ta 1.500, enw to synoliko poso twn dwrewn epi toy opoioy ypologizetai h meiwsh den mporei na yperbainei pososto 5% toy synolikoy eisodhmatos poy forologeitai. H meiwsh ginetai efoson ta posa twn dwrewn kai xorhgiwn yperbainoyn synolika ta 100 eyrw. To nomosxedio problepei epibolh klimakwtoy aytoteloys foroy 26%-33% sta kaqara eisodhmata twn aytoapasxoloymenwn. Ta eisodhmata twn fysikwn proswpwn ta opoia proerxontai apo atomikes epixeirhseis h apo eleyqeria epaggelmata qa forologoyntai apo to prwto eyrw kai mexri to epipedo twn 50.000 eyrw me syntelesth 26% kai panw apo to epipedo twn 50.000 eyrw me 33%.

    Gia nees atomikes emporikes epixeirhseis h neoys eleyqeroys epaggelmaties me prwth dhlwsh enarjhs epithdeymatos apo 1h Ianoyarioy 2013 kai gia ta tria prwta eth askhshs ths drasthriothtas toys o forologikos syntelesths toy prwtoy klimakioy ths klimakas meiwnetai kata 50% kai mexri 10.000 eyrw eisodhma.

    Gia na qewrhqei enas eleyqeros epaggelmaties ``misqwtos'' kai na forologhqei analoga qa prepei na syntrexoyn swreytika oi akoloyqes proypoqeseis :

    -Exoyn eggrafh symbash me ta fysika h kai nomika proswpa ta opoia lambanoyn tis yphresies toys, kai:

    -Ta fysika h kai nomika proswpa ta opoia lambanoyn tis yphresies den yperbainoyn ta 3, h efoson yperbainoyn ton ariqmo ayto, pososto 75% twn akaqaristwn esodwn toy eisodhmatos apo atomikh epixeirhsh h eleyqerio epaggelma proerxetai apo 1 apo ta fysika h nomika proswpa poy lambanoyn tis yphresies aytes.

    To dhlwqen eisodhma apo atomikh gewrgikh epixeirhsh qa forologeitai me 13%). Eidika gia to oikonomiko etos 2014 (xrhsh 2013) gia to dhlwqen eisodhma apo atomikh gewrgikh epixeirhsh qa forologeitai me thn klimaka misqwtwn- syntajioyxwn. Ta eisodhmata apo enoikia forologoyntai pleon aytotelws, me syntelesth 10% ews 12.000 eyrw kai 33% gia megalytera posa. To akaqaristo poso apo akinhta ypoballetai kai se symplhrwmatiko foro, 1,5%. O syntelesths aytos ayjanetai se 3%, efoson h epifaneia katoikias yperbainei ta 300 tetragwnika metra h prokeitai gia epaggelmatikh misqwsh. Akomh, ayjanetai h forologhsh twn tokwn twn kataqesewn apo 10% se 15%, ayjanetai to telos epithdeymatos gia toys epaggelmaties apo 500 eyrw to xrono se 650 eyrw kai gia tis epixeirhseis apo ta 500 sta 1.000 eyrw.

    O forologikos syntelesths gia tis epixeirhseis (AE kai EPE) meiwnetai apo to 40% shmera, sto 32,8%. Gia ta kerdh ta opoia apoktoyn fysika proswpa h epixeirhseis apo thn pwlhsh metoxwn eishgmenwn sto X.A. se timh anwterh ths timhs apokthshs toys, forologoyntai me syntelesth 20%, otan oi metoxes aytes apoktwntai me opoiondhpote tropo apo thn 1h Aprilioy 2013 kai meta. Epishs, epiballetai foros yperajias stis agorapwlhsies akinhtwn (sth diafora metajy ths timhs kthshs kai ths timhs pwlhshs toy akinhtoy). H diafora metajy ths timhs kthshs kai ths timhs pwlhshs toy akinhtoy, h opoia ypoballetai se foro, lambanetai apoplhqwrismenh me thn efarmogh syntelestwn palaiothtas: Ta kerdh yperajias kefalaioy poy prokyptoyn apo th metabibash akinhtwn forologoyntai me 20% me ejantlhsh ths forologikhs ypoxrewshs.

    To ypoyrgeio Oikonomikwn yposthrizei oti me thn kataqesh toy neoy forologikoy nomosxedioy h kybernhsh proxwra sthn ylopoihsh ths prwths fashs gia th dhmioyrgia enos dikaioteroy, aploysteroy kai apotelesmatikoteroy forologikoy systhmatos, poy qa exei anaptyjiakh kateyqynsh, alla kai poy qa efarmozei ena neo aysthrotero plaisio gia thn katapolemhsh ths forodiafyghs mesw ths anadiorganwshs toy forologikoy, elegktikoy kai eispraktikoy mhxanismoy. Tonizei akomh oti:

    -H nea forologikh klimaka elafrynei misqwtoys kai syntajioyxoys kata 100 ek. eyrw, sthn oysia elafrynontas poly perissotero to 90% twn forologoymenwn poy exoyn xamhla h mesaia eisodhmata. To aforologhto epekteinetai apo tis 5.000 stis 9.000 eyrw me tropo poy na eynoei ta xamhla kai mesaia eisodhmata.

    -H apodesmeysh ths koinwnikhs apo th forologikh politikh shmainei oti 869.000 oikogeneies me ena h dyo paidia qa paroyn gia prwth fora epidoma mesa apo ena dikaio kai diafanes systhma.

    -Eynooyntai oi mikromesaioi eisodhmaties apo enoikia.

    -Entassetai apo to 2015 sto forologiko systhma to agrotiko eisodhma, me apotelesma ton periorismo toy ``mayroy'' eisodhmatos twn mesazontwn. H ejelijh ayth oxi mono qa apoferei esoda sta tameia toy kratoys, alla qa symballei kai sthn ayjhsh toy agrotikoy eisodhmatos kai sth meiwsh ths timhs twn proiontwn apo to xwrafi sto rafi!

    -Einai xarakthristiko oti apo to synolo twn oikogeneiwn me ena paidi, epibarynsh apo tis nees ryqmiseis qa prokyptei gia osoys exoyn oikogeneiako eisodhma 23.000 eyrw kai anw, epibarynsh poy afora mono to 8,95% twn oikogeneiwn me ena paidi.

    -Antistoixa, gia oikogeneies me dyo paidia h epibarynsh arxizei apo ta 22.000 eyrw kai afora mono to 9,99% twn oikogeneiwn, enw sta tria paidia h epibarynsh jekina apo ta 21.000 eyrw kai afora to 10,26% twn oikogeneiwn me tria paidia.

    Synolika, h syntriptikh pleiochfia (90% kai anw) twn oikogeneiwn me paidia qa exoyn elafrynsh forwn. Eidikotera:

    -Ayjanetai to aforologhto gia misqwtoys kai syntajioyxoys apo 5.000 se 9.000. Kai eidika gia toys xamhlomisqoys poy qa pairnoyn oloklhrh thn apallagh.

    -Oloi oi forologoymenoi me eisodhma ews 25.000 qa exoyn shmantikes elafrynseis

    -Meiwnontai oi syntelestes se 3 anti twn 8 shmera, me ton anwtato syntelesth forologhshs na diamorfwnetai sto 42% gia ta eisodhmata apo 42.000 eyrw kai anw. Oi ypoloipoi syntelestes einai 22% gia ta eisodhmata ews 25.000 eyrw kai 32% gia ta eisodhmata 25.001 ews 42.000 eyrw

    -Shmera, me 45% forologoyntai osoi dhlwnoyn eisodhma 100.000 kai anw enw me 40% forologoyntai oi anw twn 60.000 eyrw. Einai xarakthristiko oti gia ta eisodhmata toy 2011, me bash toys syntelestes aytoys h forologhsh aforoyse 2.600 forologoymenoys poy dhlwsan 140.000 eyrw kai anw, 6.800 dhlwsan panw apo 100.000 eyrw kai 11.500 dhlwsan panw apo 40.000 eyrw.

    -Ta eisodhmata apo enoikia forologoyntai pleon aytotelws, me syntelesth poly mikrotero (10% ews 12.000 eyrw kai 33% sto yperballon), diamorfwnontas shmantiko ofelos gia osoys symplhrwnan to eisodhma toys apo misqwth ergasia me enoikia, afoy me to shmerino kaqestws ta esoda ayta forologoyntan me syntelesth 40%.

    Pleon, me to aytoteles systhma qa forologoyntai me 10% ta eisodhmata apo enoikia, diamorfwnontas gia paradeigma kerdos gia enan meso misqwto me ethsio eisodhma 26.000 eyrw kai 9.000 eyrw apo enoikia, 2.250 eyrw (prin sto synoliko eisodhma twn 35.000, ta 9.000 twn enoikiwn eixan foro 3.150 eyrw, enw me to neo systhma qa exei foro molis 900 eyrw).

    -Forologoymenoi me paidia.

    A) Oi polyteknoi (150.000 oikogeneies) lambanan mexri shmera polytekniko epidoma 528 eyrw to etos ana paidi, enw me to neo kaqestws qa lambanoyn 500 eyrw ana paidi ws polytekniko epidoma kai epipleon 40 to mhna, ana paidi sto plaisio ths enisxyshs olwn twn oikogeneiwn me paidia. Etsi, mia oikogeneia me 3 paidia, kai me forologhteo eisodhma ws 21.000 eyrw kaqara (xwris asfalistikes eisfores kai krathseis yper tritwn) qa pairnei sto ejhs synolika 2.940 eyrw to etos (1.500 apo to polytekniko (500 epi 3 paidia) kai 1.440 apo thn enisxysh paidiwn (40 gia to prwto, 40 gia to deytero kai 40 eyrw gia to trito) anti twn 1.584 shmera (528 ana paidi). Dhladh qa exei ofelos 1.356 eyrw to xrono, enw sta 30.000 eyrw eisodhma, qa pairnei 1.980 eyrw to xrono anti 1.584 eyrw shmera. G) To epidoma teknwn poy qespizei h kybernhsh bohqa 869.000 oikogeneies, oi opoioi shmera den pairnoyn kanena eidoys bohqhma. Ayjhsh ths forologhsh twn tokwn twn kataqesewn (apo 10% se 15%). Gia kataqesh 10.000 eyrw me meso epitokio 3%, o tokos diamorfwnetai sta 300 eyrw to etos kai o foros apo thn forologhsh toy sta 45 eyrw to xrono apo 30 eyrw shmera. Agrotes. Apo to 2014 (eisodhmata 2014, dhlwsh to 2015) oi 1.000.000 poy dhlwnoyn kai agrotika eisodhmata qa forologoyntai pleon me biblio esodwn ejodwn (ejaireseis qa yparjoyn gia ta mikra agrotika eisodhmata). Shmera, 1.000.000 forologoymenoi, dhlwnoyn eisodhma 9 dis. eyrw kai plhrwnoyn foro gia agrotika eisodhmata (1,1 dis apo ta 9 dis. ) molis 115 ekatommyria eyrw, afoy forologoyntai apokleistika me bash tekmhria. Apo aytoys, oi 715.000 exoyn kyriws alla eisodhmata (apo misqwtes ergasies h eleyqeria epaggelmata) kai kapoia agrotika eisodhmata (dhlwnontai kata meso oro 260 eyrw ton xrono!). (terastias ektashs forodiafygh). Me to neo systhma, oi agrotes qa dhlwnoyn ta pragmatika toys eisodhmata, afoy gia paradeigma qa apaitoyn apo toys emporoys na toys koboyn timologio me tis pragmatikes times gia ta proionta poy pwloyn, me apotelesma na meiwqoyn oi times gia ton teliko katanalwth. Me ayto ton tropo patassetai epiteloys to ``mayro xrhma'' apo to kyklwma twn mesazontwn! -Ayjanetai to telos epithdeymatos gia toys epaggelmaties apo ta 500 eyrw to xrono sta 650 eyrw enw gia tis epixeirhseis ayjanetai apo ta 500 sta 1.000 eyrw. -O syntelesths forologhshs twn epixeirhsewn meiwnetai apo to 40% shmera, sto 32,8%.

    Sxetikh eidhsh: Se allages sth forologikh klimaka proxwra to yp. Oikonomikwn

    Prosqetes Plhrofories

    Phgh: NET, NET FM, APE/MPE

    Reportaz: Kwstas Tsabalos

    Epimeleia: Katerina Iwannidoy

    Antapokrish:

    Teleytaia tropopoihsh stis Paraskeyh, 14 Dekembrioy 2012 01:45

    Eidhsh: 27633

    [02] Me mia matia

    Se 24wrh apergia se endeijh diamartyrias gia to metro ths diaqesimothtas poy opws anaferetai sth sxetikh anakoinwsh odhgei se apolysh kalei shmera ta melh ths h Omospondia Dioikhtikoy Proswpikoy Tritobaqmias ekpaideyshs. Ta melh ths omospondias qa pragmatopoihsoyn sygkentrwsh stis 11 to prwi sta Propylaia kai sth synexeia, opws anaferoyn sthn anakoinwsh toys, mazi me toys apergoys ths POE OTA qa pragmatopoihsoyn poreia pros to ypoyrgeio Dioikhtikhs Metarryqmishs.

    Synexizontai oi kinhtopoihseis kata ths diaqesimothtas, kaqws hdh brisketai se ejelijh 48wrh apergia ths POE-OTA, enw nea 48wrh exei prokhryxqei gia Deytera kai Trith. Oi ergazomenoi stoys dhmoys qa pragmatopoihsoyn sygkentrwsh diamartyrias stis 11 to prwi sthn plateia Klayqmwnos.

    Prosqetes Plhrofories

    Phgh:

    Reportaz:

    Epimeleia:

    Antapokrish:

    Eidhsh: 27639


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