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The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in English, 08-12-05

The Hellenic Radio (ERA): News in English Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Hellenic Radio (ERA) <www.ert.gr/>

CONTENTS

  • [01] Russia's Patriarch Aleksy II Dies
  • [02] Chemical Weapon fromÔŽSmell of Fear

  • [01] Russia's Patriarch Aleksy II Dies

    The head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Aleksy II, 79 died on Friday morning at his residence. The Patriarchate has not disclosed the cause of his death yet. Announcements are expected in the next hours. Russian Prime-minister, Vladimir Putin described the Patriarch's death as a "great loss for Russia" while Russian President, Dmitry Medvedev's has postponed a scheduled visit to Italy this weekend and he will return immediately to Moscow from his official visit to India. The Russian President expressed his grief for the death of Patriarch Aleksey II, "a prominent Russian citizen" as he said who struggled with many of the 20th century problems in Russia."

    Fanari sent letter of condolences signed by Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew on the death of Russian Patriarch and refers to his visit to Fanari in October to attend events marking Apostle Paul year.Archbishop of Athens and all Greece, Ieronymos sent a letter of condolences expressing the deep grief of the Greek Church. In his statement to Athens News Agency, Cyrus Archbishop Hrisostomos also expressed his deep grief on the death of Patriarch Aleksey II, underlining that he was a loyal friend of Cyprus.

    News item: 16359

    [02] Chemical Weapon fromÔŽSmell of Fear

    The smell of fear is not illusion, is real scientists claim today. People can unconsciously detect whether someone is stressed or scared by smelling a chemical pheromone released in their sweat, according to researchers who have investigated the underarm secretions of petrified skydivers. The research, published in "Guardian" magazine, was carried out by Dr Lilianne Mujica-Parodi at Stony Brook University in New York State and her team and was funded by the US Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency - the Pentagon's military research wing - raising speculation that it is a first step to isolating the fear pheromone for use in warfare, perhaps to induce terror in enemy troops. But DARPA denied that it had any military plans for fear pheromones or plans to fund further research into the field.

    The team found that the smell of fear triggered a heightened response in brain regions associated with fear when inhaled by volunteers in a brain scanner. The research suggests that like many animal species, humans can detect and subconsciously respond to pheromones released by other people. Researchers taped absorbent pads to the armpits of novice skydivers, who were doing their first tandem jump. The pads soaked up sweat before they leaped from the plane and as they fell. They transferred the two types of sweat to volunteers in a brain scanner to breathe it in. To avoid biasing the results, the team did not tell the volunteers anything about the experiment. New Scientist magazine reported that the volunteers' amygdala and hypothalamus - brain regions associated with fear - were more active in people who breathed in the "fear" sweat compared with the control. Mujica-Parodi said: " Our findings indicate that there may be a hidden biological component to human social dynamics, in which emotional stress is, quite literally, contagious.Simon Wessely, a psychiatrist at the King Centre for Military Health Research at King's College London told New Scientist that the idea that a fear pheromone could be developed as a chemical weapon is scientifically implausible. He said that a purely physiological cue is not enough to induce fear if people are not in a frightening situation. "You can generate the physical

    News item: 16357


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