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Macedonian Press Agency: News in English, 98-11-27

Macedonian Press Agency: News in English Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Macedonian Press Agency at http://www.mpa.gr and http://www.hri.org/MPA.


MACEDONIAN PRESS AGENCY NEWS IN ENGLISH
Thessaloniki, November 27, 1998

SECTIONS

  • [A] NATIONAL NEWS
  • [B] INTERNATIONAL NEWS

  • NEWS HEADLINES

    [A] NATIONAL NEWS

  • [01] CYPRIOT PRESIDENT CLERIDES TO MEET WITH PREMIER SIMITIS TODAY
  • [02] PREMIER SPEAKS BEFORE FOREIGN PRESS CORRESPONDENTS
  • [03] GREEK PM COMMENTS ON KURDISH ISSUE DURING FOREIGN PRESS INTERVIEW
  • [04] GREEK PM: CONTINENTAL SHELF IS THE ONLY REAL GREEK-TURKISH DIFFERENCE
  • [05] DEFENSE MINISTER: GREEK SOLDIERS TO TAKE PART IN NATO'S FORCE AT FYROM
  • [06] GREECE'S AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL CHARTER HAILS PINOCHET DEVELOPMENT
  • [07] GREECE, EGYPT EMBARK ON JOINT NAVAL EXERCISE, THE FIRST OF ITS KIND
  • [08] BALKAN AUTHORS MEET IN THESSALONIKI TODAY FOR LITERARY EVENTS
  • [09] THESSALONIKI HOSTS CONFERENCE ON GREEKS OF MINOR ASIA
  • [10] LABOR ORGANIZATION TO PROVIDE GRD7 BILLION FOR JOBLESS COLLEGE GRADS
  • [11] ATHENS-THESSALONIKI RAIL REPAIRED, BUT WORKERS WILL GO ON STRIKE
  • [12] BALKAN CONFERENCE OF CARTOGRAPHY CONCLUDES IN THESSALONIKI TODAY
  • [13] SIMITIS-CLERIDES MEETING
  • [14] THE BANK OF GREECE GOVERNOR ISSUED HIS BIANNUAL REPORT
  • [15] THE GREEK INVESTMENTS IN BULGARIA REACHED 92.9 MILLION US DOLLARS
  • [16] THE GREEK COMMUNITY IN TORONTO WILL NOT LEAVE SAE
  • [B] INTERNATIONAL NEWS

  • [17] GREECE IS FYROM'S NUMBER ONE INVESTOR, VOLUME ABOVE $250 MILLION
  • [18] OVERWHELMING MAJORITY OF ALBANIANS SAYS YES TO CONSTITUTION
  • [19] RUSSIA: FORMER PM KIRIYENKO TO FORM NEW PARTY
  • [20] CZECH COMMISSION TO RETURN JEWISH PROPERTY
  • [21] ITALY'S FM TELLS CORRIERE DELLA SERA: OCALAN'S ASYLUM NOT A GOOD IDEA
  • [22] BONN CONFERENCE ON THE ROLE OF GREECE IN THE BALKANS
  • [23] EFFORTS TO FORM A NEW GOVERNMENT IN TURKEY

  • NEWS IN DETAIL

    [A] NATIONAL NEWS

    [01] CYPRIOT PRESIDENT CLERIDES TO MEET WITH PREMIER SIMITIS TODAY

    Cypriot President Glafkos Clerides, who is presently in Athens, will be received by Greece's Prime Minister Kostas Simitis today.

    During yesterday's press conference, Mr. Simitis referred to the S-300 missiles in Cyprus and whether or not they will be installed there, by stating that "Cyprus must have an effective defense and all means leading to this aim fall within this framework system." Moreover, he stated that "the missile system is not an end in itself" and stressed that he will discuss with the Cypriot President what will be the necessary step to be taken this time.

    [02] PREMIER SPEAKS BEFORE FOREIGN PRESS CORRESPONDENTS

    Greece's Prime Minister Kostas Simitis appearing before a Foreign Press Association (FPA) luncheon yesterday, gave an interview spanning all issues of concern to Greece.

    Referring to his meeting today with Cypriot President Glafkos Clerides, Mr. Simitis said that the meeting had been scheduled for quite some time and had not been arranged especially to discuss Nicosia's plans to install Russian-made S-300 anti-aircraft missiles in Cyprus.

    "The Greek government will be briefed on developments in two major issues raised by President Clerides, namely the Cyprus problem in its political context and the de-escalation of tension in the island republic," he stated, adding "it would be premature for me to express any opinion before meeting with Mr. Clerides. "

    Regarding Greece's accession to the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), the Premier stressed that the country will achieve its targets with its capabilities, not through political negotiation.

    [03] GREEK PM COMMENTS ON KURDISH ISSUE DURING FOREIGN PRESS INTERVIEW

    Speaking at a luncheon given by the Foreign Press Association in Athens yesterday, Prime Minster Kostas Simitis referred to the Kurdish issue, stating that Greece supported Rome's decision to grant political asylum to the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) leader Abdullah Ocalan.

    "Greece is in favor of political asylum being given to Mr. Ocalan," Mr. Simitis said, adding: "Italy has handled the matter properly.

    "Greece is in favor of a resolution of the problem with political dialogue and peaceful means. Force can not lead to results. This is why the international community must move towards finding a resolution with political means," he said.

    Stressing that Greece was a democratic country in which everyone had the right to express themselves freely on all matters, the Premier observed that national legislation in effect did not allow the country to be used as a "base" for the use of force against third countries. "This is a position of principle which applies to all problems, whether it be the Kurdish problem, Chechnya or any other issue," Mr. Simitis said.

    Replying to criticism that Greece had distanced itself from the Kurdish problem, he said the country had been making its position clear for quite some time.

    "Certain people should be very careful because they are doing a disservice firstly to the Kurdish people and also to those who are struggling for their rights by making the Kurdish problem a Greek-Turkish issue. This is precisely what Ankara wants in order to divert attention from the essence of the problem and present it as a problem of bilateral relations," Mr. Simitis said.

    [04] GREEK PM: CONTINENTAL SHELF IS THE ONLY REAL GREEK-TURKISH DIFFERENCE

    The only real difference between Greece and Turkey concerns the delineation of the Aegean's continental shelf, Greece's Prime Minster Kostas Simitis stated yesterday, during Foreign Press Association interview.

    Mr. Simitis stated that any disputes or differences which do exist between Greece and Turkey should be resolved on the basis of international law, the implementation of treaties and the International Court at The Hague. Asked whether he would be able to talk with Bulent Ecevit in the event that the later became prime minister of Turkey, Mr. Simitis replied that he could talk with any Turkish leader, since the issues for discussion were not personal but political.

    Concerning the adoption of confidence-building measures (CBMs) in the Aegean, Mr. Simitis said relevant talks were being held at NATO headquarters in Brussels and there had been certain "positive conclusions". Athens differed from Ankara in this respect, he said, since the Greek side believed that each time a positive result is attained, it should be announced and subsequently implemented, whereas Turkey wanted a "package" arrangement.

    Responding to another question regarding Greece' claim that Bonn repay a wartime "loan" seized during WWII by Nazi forces, Mr. Simitis stated that he plans to raise the issue during his meeting with new German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, to be held on December 7.

    [05] DEFENSE MINISTER: GREEK SOLDIERS TO TAKE PART IN NATO'S FORCE AT FYROM

    Defense Minster Akis Tsochatzopoulos stated that Greece will participate, along with other countries, with a contingent of 40- 45 soldiers in a force assigned to FYROM whose task will be to protect the 2,000 observers of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

    Speaking before the Parliament yesterday evening, Mr. Tsochatzopoulos said the NATO force under French command would comprise a total of 250 troops and had nothing to do with "NATO's supposed intervention in Kosovo" as borne out by the fact that it will be based at FYROM.

    "As a force for peace, security and stability in the region, Greece is assuming an active role within the framework of OSCE resolutions, because peace is an issue which is of primary concern to Greece and not only the countries directly involved," Mr. Tsochatzopoulos added.

    [06] GREECE'S AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL CHARTER HAILS PINOCHET DEVELOPMENT

    Greece's charter of Amnesty International has saluted the decision drawn by Britain' s House of Lords decision to reject former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet's bid for immunity. The decision is "a landmark against impunity", said Amnesty International in a statement, adding:

    "The next crucial step for Home Secretary Jack Straw is to issue an extradition warrant and to abstain from actions that would obstruct competent courts to rule on charges facing the former general."

    [07] GREECE, EGYPT EMBARK ON JOINT NAVAL EXERCISE, THE FIRST OF ITS KIND

    Greece and Egypt are embarking today on their first ever joint exercise, to be held until December 2, in accordance with a military cooperation agreement signed by the two countries.

    The naval exercise, code-named "Alexandria '98", will be held off the coast of Alexanrdia and two frigates from each country will take part in the maneuver.

    The exercise aims to boost relations between the two nations' naval forces and promote operational cooperation.

    [08] BALKAN AUTHORS MEET IN THESSALONIKI TODAY FOR LITERARY EVENTS

    A number of renowned Balkan authors are to attend a two-day literary event, starting in Thessaloniki today, titled "Literary landscapes of the Balkan nature and soul."

    The event is held within the framework of the city's "Dimitria" festivities and is co-organized by the Municipality of Thessaloniki and the InterBalkan Center of Books and Culture.

    Among the speakers will be authors from Greece, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and Turkey.

    Bulgaria's ambassador to Greece Kyril Topalov will speak on the "Greek-Bulgarian literary ties in the 18th-19th century.

    [09] THESSALONIKI HOSTS CONFERENCE ON GREEKS OF MINOR ASIA

    A state-wide conference dedicated to the cultural and political history of Asia Minor's persecuted Greeks, spanning the course from the classical times to present, is to begin in Thessaloniki this evening, organized jointly by the Aristotle University and the Municipality of Thessaloniki.

    Present at the conference will be a number of authors whose books contain the first A number of authors will appear who have written books containing first person testimonies of the Asia Minor catastrophe.

    [10] LABOR ORGANIZATION TO PROVIDE GRD7 BILLION FOR JOBLESS COLLEGE GRADS

    The Labor Force's Employment Organization is to provide seven billion drachmas during the next two-year period, by providing professional experience to thousands of unemployed college graduates at various local administration organizations, cooperatives and companies, through the Labor Ministry's STAGE program.

    Eligibility for the program, whose funding amounts to seven billion drachmas, is met by those who have not surpassed the 35 years of age, have not been employed in a sector related to their studies and hold a university degree or a diploma from a technical university.

    [11] ATHENS-THESSALONIKI RAIL REPAIRED, BUT WORKERS WILL GO ON STRIKE

    The Athens-Thessaloniki rail link, which was closed for repair works to correct flood damage brought on by recent rains, has re-opened but will remain so only briefly as railway workers will embark on work stoppages as of Monday.

    Workers at the Greek Railways Organization, (OSE) are to conduct work stoppages Monday November 30 and Tuesday, December 1, to be followed by full-blown strikes, protesting a recent bill tabled in Parliament concerning their sector.

    The only trains that will operate will be those serving social needs, one for each route.

    [12] BALKAN CONFERENCE OF CARTOGRAPHY CONCLUDES IN THESSALONIKI TODAY

    A Balkan and Black Sea cartography conference concluded in Thessaloniki today, where three Braille maps of Thessaloniki, the first of their kind in Greece, were officially presented.

    The three-day conference featured the participation of Greek map experts as well as cartographers from Turkey, Yugoslavia, Romania and Bulgaria.

    The conference was held under the aegis of the Council of Europe and focused on mapping of urban centers.

    The International Cartographic Association also held its regular meeting during the events, with the participation of scientists from as far as Japan and Australia.

    The inaugural meeting of the members of the European Union program Cartotech for European cartographic heritage will also be held. The Thessaloniki-based National Center for maps and Cartographic Heritage - National Map Archive is the leader of the group.

    [13] SIMITIS-CLERIDES MEETING

    Prime minister Kostas Simitis met in Athens today with the visiting Cypriot president Glafkos Clerides. In statements made afterwards, Mr. Simitis stressed that Greece and Cyprus will continue their effort for the accession of Cyprus into the European Union and will take all necessary measures to achieve this goal.

    Regarding the defense reinforcement of Cyprus, the Greek prime minister said that Greece and Cyprus, as opposed to Turkey, have no interest whatsoever to create tensions.

    [14] THE BANK OF GREECE GOVERNOR ISSUED HIS BIANNUAL REPORT

    Greece's goal to join the EMU is the main axis of the biannual report issued by Bank of Greece governor Loukas Papadimou on the course of the Greek economy.

    The report that will be tabled in parliament today underlines the need to continue the anti-inflationary policy. It also points out that in the second half of 1999 there will be difficulties in the effort to cut inflation and therefore, extra caution is needed. In addition, interest rates will remain high in 1999 and a hard drachma is necessary for the prices to remain low.

    [15] THE GREEK INVESTMENTS IN BULGARIA REACHED 92.9 MILLION US DOLLARS

    The value of the direct Greek investments in Bulgaria reached 92.9 million US dollars last September, while the investments materialized by Greek businessmen in the country during the past 6 years are 1.295.

    Based on the latest figures provided by the Bulgarian Foreign Investments Agency, Greece is at the fifth place in the list of foreign investors in Bulgaria with 5.45% of the total of the foreign investments made in the country.

    [16] THE GREEK COMMUNITY IN TORONTO WILL NOT LEAVE SAE

    Metropolitan Toronto Greek community president Dr. Tasos Karantonis in an interview with the Greek state radio ERA 5 denied the information that the Greek community of Toronto will leave the World Council of Hellenes Abroad, SAE.

    He clarified that the community of Toronto had a disagreement with a committee but there is no problem whatsoever with SAE.

    [B] INTERNATIONAL NEWS

    [17] GREECE IS FYROM'S NUMBER ONE INVESTOR, VOLUME ABOVE $250 MILLION

    Commercial trade between Greece and FYROM will surpass the $250-million mark during 1998, according to the head of the Greek liaison office in Skopje Alexandros Mallias.

    Mr. Mallias spoke at a press conference on the occasion of the imminent Second Exhibition of Greek Ventures, to be held at Skopje from December 2 to 5.

    The exhibition will feature the participation of more than 80 Greek businesses.

    [18] OVERWHELMING MAJORITY OF ALBANIANS SAYS YES TO CONSTITUTION

    By an overwhelming majority, 93.5%, Albanian voters approved of their country's new constitution, according to the Central Elections Board.

    Voter turnout amounted to 50.7% of those eligible to cast their ballot.

    Meanwhile, opposition parties, led by Sali Berisha's Democratic Party, refuse to acknowledge the referendum's results, accusing the government of rigging.

    [19] RUSSIA: FORMER PM KIRIYENKO TO FORM NEW PARTY

    Russia's former prime minister Sergei Kiriyenko announced yesterday that he will form his own political party that would take part in the parliamentary elections next fall.

    Mr. Kiriyenko said he wanted to make Russia's nascent democratic institutions work for the people, and to end the "total lack of understanding between the government and the society." "We have democratic institutions, but we are not using them, continuing to believe in a good czar," he said on a television program.

    Mr. Kiriyenko was named prime minister this March. He was fired by President Boris Yeltsin after his government's August 17 decision to devalue the ruble and default on its treasury debt.

    [20] CZECH COMMISSION TO RETURN JEWISH PROPERTY

    The Czech government has established a commission to return Jewish property confiscated during World War II, the Associated Press reported yesterday.

    The commission, which is to include members of the government and the Czech Federation of Jewish Communities, is to map out by March all property that has not been restituted.

    The state has already returned about 80 percent of confiscated Jewish properties that it held. About 120,000 Jews lived on Czech territory before the Holocaust; now there are about 6,000.

    The government plans to return to surviving Holocaust victims all remaining property confiscated by the Nazis during World War II. It will also create a fund for compensation where restitution is impossible.

    [21] ITALY'S FM TELLS CORRIERE DELLA SERA: OCALAN'S ASYLUM NOT A GOOD IDEA

    Italy cannot grant political asylum to PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan because he is not a victim of persecution, Italy's Foreign Minister Lamberto Dini was quoted as saying in an interview published yesterday in the Corriere della Sera daily.

    "We are talking about terrorist acts committed voluntarily," Mr. Dini was quoted as saying, "we are not dealing with a victim."

    Italian Premier Massimo D'Alema is to meet with Germany's new Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder today in order to discuss the Ocalan issue.

    The Italian government has made clear it wants Bonn to take Ocalan off its hands as Germany has an arrest warrant out for him. But Germany, fearing violence among its large Turkish and Kurdish communities, has so far said it will not ask for Mr. Ocalan's extradition.

    "By not asking for Ocalan's extradition, Germany risks damaging the international fight against terrorism," Mr. Dini said. He suggested putting Ocalan on trial in an arbitrarily chosen country.

    [22] BONN CONFERENCE ON THE ROLE OF GREECE IN THE BALKANS

    Greek and German parliament deputies will participate in a conference on the reforms in the Balkans and the stabilizing role of Greece that will be held in Bonn on November 30-December 1 organized by the Greek-German Circle of Dialogue.

    The conference organizer was established in Dusseldorf in 1993 by Greek and German scientists and it is politically and ideologically independent from political parties and governments.

    The conference aims at strengthening the effort to enrich the German analyses and political-economic evaluations regarding Greece's stabilizing role and its capabilities in the region of the Balkans in relation to the reforms taking place.

    [23] EFFORTS TO FORM A NEW GOVERNMENT IN TURKEY

    The first round of meetings president Suleiman Demirel had with the leaders of the largest political parties in Turkey will be completed today.

    The leaders of the large political parties want early elections soon, while Mr. Demirel has suggested the establishment of a new government with a comfortable majority in parliament in an effort to avoid the likelihood of early elections.


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