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MPA NEWS IN GREEK (22/03/1996)

From: Macedonian Press Agency <mpa@philippos.mpa.gr>

Macedonian Press Agency News in ASCII Greek Directory

ENHMERWTIKO DELTIO TOY MAKEDONIKOY PRAKTOREIOY EIDHSEWN

Qessalonikh 22 Martioy 1996


EIDHSEIS STA ELLHNIKA

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

[G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Blash Blasidh)


TITLOI EIDHSEWN

[A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [01] OLOKLHRWQHKE H EPISKECH TOY PROEDROY THS DHMOKRATIAS STA TIRANA

  • [02] SYNOMILIES TWN YPOYRGWN OIKONOMIKWN THS ALBANIAS KAI THS ELLADAS

  • [03] Q.PAGKALOS: PROYPOQESH GIA PROWQHSH TWN SXESEWN TOYRKIAS-E.E H RHTH EGKATALEICH TWN EDAFIKWN DIEKDIKHSEWN THS AGKYRAS

  • [04] SYNANTHSH K.STEFANOPOYLOY ME TO PROEDREIO THS ''OMONOIAS''

  • [05] K.SHMITHS "H oikonomikh isxys isxyropoiei th qesh ths Ellados sta Balkania proaspizei ta eqnika symferonta"

  • [06] D.REPPAS: "H Ellada den qa qesei beto sthn prowqhsh twn sxesewn Toyrkias - E.E. mono ean ikanopoihqoyn oi treis oroi poy exei qesei"

  • [07] "MHN PAIZETE ME TH FWTIA", PROEIDOPOIEI O PAGKALOS THN AGKYRA

  • [08] OXI SE SYNQETH ONOMASIA TWN SKOPIWN APO 19 BOYLEYTES THS N.D.

  • [09] EYAISQHTOPOIOYNTAI OI FOREIS GIA TIS ANASKAFES STO TOYRKMENISTAN

  • [10] ME LAMPROTHTA KAI PLHQOS EKDHLWSEWN O EORTASMOS THS 25hs MARTIOY STH QESSALONIKH

  • [11] Parallhles ekdhlwseis gia ton Paylo Mela kai apokalypthria agalmatos toy


  • [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

  • [12] SE ELEGXO APOSKEYWN YPEBLHQH H SYZYGOS TOY GENIKOY PROJENOY STHN KWNSTANTINOYPOLH PARA TH DIPLWMATIKH THS IDIOTHTA

  • [13] H LEYKWSIA XAIRETIZEI TIS DHLWSEIS TOY RWSOY YPOYRGOY AMYNAS

  • [14] STOIXEIA GIA TA BASANISTHRIA STIS FYLAKES TEKIRNTAG THS TOYRKIAS

  • [15] ANAXWREI SHMERA GIA THN AMERIKH O BOYLEYTHS THS N.D., SWTHRHS KOYBELAS

  • [16] PANBALKANIKH ENWSH IDRYMATWN EREYNAS GIA TIS METAFORES IDRYOYN TO A.P.Q. KAI TO PANEPISTHMIO BELIGRADIOY


  • [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Blash Blasidh)

  • [17] H FILIKH ETAIREIA KAI H EPANASTASH TOY 1821


  • EIDHSEIS ANALYTIKA

    [A] ESWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [01] OLOKLHRWQHKE H EPISKECH TOY PROEDROY THS DHMOKRATIAS STA TIRANA

    Thn kathgorhmatikh diabebaiwsh oti h Ellada den anameignyetai sthn politikh zwh ths Albanias edwse shmera o Proedros ths Ellhnikhs Dhmokratias Kwnstantinos Stefanopoylos o opoios oloklhrwse thn epishmh episkech toy sta Tirana.

    "Oi eyxes mas den aforoyn kanena sygkekrimeno komma alla th dhmokratikh poreia ths Albanias" eipe o k. Stefanopoylos stis synanthseis poy eixe me toys ekproswpoys twn politikwn kommatwn ths Albanias, enw aytoi apo thn pleyra toys enhmerwsan ton Proedro ths Ellhnikhs Dhmokratias gia tis qeseis twn politikwn toys forewn gyrw apo tis ellhnoalbanikes sxeseis.

    O k. Stefanopoylos synanthqhke epishs kai me ekproswpoys ths ellhnikhs meionothtas kai amesws meta dhlwse stoys dhmosiografoys oti "h ellhnikh meionothta exei sto ergo ths th symparastash ths ellhnikhs kai ths albanikhs kybernhshs''.

    O Proedros ths ''Omonoias'' Swthrhs Kyriazaths, ejefrase ton enqoysiasmo toy gia th synanthsh, dhlwnontas pws ''anoigei ena neo kefalaio sxesewn metajy twn dyo xwrwn''. Tonise de oti apokleistiko ergo ths ''Omonoias'' einai h prowqhsh twn dikaiwmatwn ths eqnikhs ellhnikhs meionothtas.

    To apogeyma o Proedros ths Ellhnikhs Dhmokratias egkainiase thn ellhnikh biblioqhkh sta Tirana, h opoia qa stegazetai sthn kentrikh panepisthmiakh biblioqhkh. Se dhlwseis toy o k. Stefanopoylos tonise th symbolh toy politismoy sthn enisxysh twn desmwn toy ellhnikoy kai toy albanikoy laoy.

    O Ellhnas Ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Qeodwros Pagkalos, poy synodeyse ton k. Stefanopoylo sto tajidi toy sthn Albania synanthqhke me ton Albano omologo toy Alfrent Sereki me ton opoio syzhthse to qema ths idryshs ellhnikoy projeneioy sthn Korytsa kai ayto ths antimetwpishs twn albanwn metanastwn sthn Ellada.

    [02] SYNOMILIES TWN YPOYRGWN OIKONOMIKWN THS ALBANIAS KAI THS ELLADAS

    Synomilies me ton omologo toy Albano ypoyrgo Ntoylmper Brioni eixe o ypoyrgos Oikonomikwn k.Alekos Papadopoylos, o opoios mazi me toys ypoyrgoys Ejwterikwn kai Paideias, synodeyoyn ton Proedro ths Dhmokratias k.Kwsth Stefanopoylo sta Tirana.

    Sto epikentro twn synomiliwn poy eixan oi dyo ypoyrgoi, htan h telwneiakh synergasia kai h xorhghsh adeiwn leitoyrgias ypokatasthmatwn se ellhnikes trapezes sthn Albania kaqws kai h dianoijh newn diodwn sta synora twn dyo xwrwn.

    Akomh, syzhthqhkan to zhthma ths antimetwpishs toy laqremporioy kai h diejagwgh seminariwn gia thn epimorfwsh twn Albanwn telwneiakwn kai h oloklhrwsh twn diaboyleysewn gia to anoigma twn diodwn sthn perioxh ths Sagiadas sth Qesprwtia kai ths Mertzianhs sthn Konitsa.

    Epishs, h kataskeyh toy albanikoy dromoy apo thn Konispolh ews ta synora kai h analhch ths meleths apo thn Ellada gia thn kataskeyh toy paraliakoy odikoy ajona Aylwna-Hgoymenitsa, h kataskeyh toy opoioy entassetai sto koinotiko programma FHARE- INTERREG.

    [03] Q.PAGKALOS: PROYPOQESH GIA PROWQHSH TWN SXESEWN TOYRKIAS-E.E H RHTH EGKATALEICH TWN EDAFIKWN DIEKDIKHSEWN THS AGKYRAS

    ''H Ellada qa epimeinei sth qesh oti proypoqesh gia opoiadhpote prowqhsh twn sxesewn Toyrkias-EE einai h rhth egkataleich twn edafikwn diekdikhsewn ths Agkyras kai h anagnwrish ek meroys ths, twn italotoyrkikwn symfwniwn toy 1932 kai ths eirhnhs toy 1947''.

    Ayto dhlwse o Ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Qeodwros Pagkalos stoys dhmosiografoys poy ton synodeyoyn, anaferomenos sto qema twn ellhnotoyrkikwn sxesewn.

    Sth synanthsh poy eixe shmera o kPagkalos sto ''Palati twn Tajiarxiwn'' sta Tirana me ton Albano omologo toy Alfrent Sereki kyriarxhsan to qema idryshs toy ellhnikoy Projeneioy sthn Korytsa kai h yposxesh ths ellhnikhs kybernhshs gia thn antimetwpish toy problhmatos orismenwn Albanwn metanastwn poy qa qewroyntai epoxiakoi ergates.

    [04] SYNANTHSH K.STEFANOPOYLOY ME TO PROEDREIO THS ''OMONOIAS''

    ''H ellhnikh meionothta exei sto ergo ths th symparastash ths ellhnikhs kai ths albanikhs kybernhshs'' tonise o Proedros ths Ellhnikhs Dhmokratias Kwsths Stefanopoylos kai eyxhqhke epityxia stis eperxomenes ekloges sthn hgesia ths ''Omonoias'' kai ta stelexh toy Kommatos ''Enwsh gia ta Anqrwpina Dikaiwmata'' me toys opoioys synanthqhke sto ''Palati twn Tajiarxiwn'' sta Tirana.

    O proedros ths ''Omonoias'' Swthrhs Kyriazaths, ejefrase ton enqoysiasmo toy gia th synanthsh, dhlwnontas pws ''anoigei ena neo kefalaio sxesewn twn dyo xwrwn'', enw tonise oti apokleistiko ergo ths ''Omonoias'' einai h prowqhsh twn dikaiwmatwn ths eqnikhs ellhnikhs meionothtas.

    [05] K.SHMITHS "H oikonomikh isxys isxyropoiei th qesh ths Ellados sta Balkania proaspizei ta eqnika symferonta"

    Sto triptyxo staqeropoihsh- anaptyjh- koinwnikh dikaiosynh kinhqhke h omilia toy Prwqypoyrgoy Kwsta Shmith sthn pro hmerhsias diatajews syzhthsh sth Boylh, gia thn oikonomikh politikh ths Kybernhshs.

    Milwntas me th glwssa ths alhqeias -opws eipe- o Prwqypoyrgos pareqese mia seira ariqmhtika dedomena apo ta opoia diapistwnetai oti briskomaste se poreia anakamchs.

    "H oikonomikh staqeropoihsh ths xwras mas -tonise o k.Shmiths- qa isxyropoihsei kai th qesh mas sta Balkania. Einai o kalyteros tropos na proaspisoyme ta eqnika mas dikaia alla kai o pio kaqoristikos oros gia thn fwnh ths Ellados sthn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh".

    "H ypeyqynh politikh- synexise o k.Shmiths- apaitei strathgikh, qysies kai synepeia wste na mh breqoyme se arnhtikh troxia opisqodromhshs alla na erqoyme pio konta sth poreia sygklishs mas me thn Eyrwpaikh Enwsh, kai ayto einai to stoixhma ths Ellados".

    Tonise akoma oti oi ryqmoi anaptyjhs ths oikonomias einai 3,5 fores taxyteroi apo th periodo 1990- 1993 kai epeshmane oti oi stoxoi ths politikhs kybernhshs einai : - epitaxynsh oikonomikhs anaptyjhs - oloklhrwsh toy programmatos meiwshs plhqwrismoy- metatroph anaptyjiakoy pleonasmatos- anabaqmish paideias kai politismoy- enisxysh toy Dieqnoys roloy ths Elladas sta Balkania kai thn Eyrwph.

    [06] D.REPPAS: "H Ellada den qa qesei beto sthn prowqhsh twn sxesewn Toyrkias - E.E. mono ean ikanopoihqoyn oi treis oroi poy exei qesei"

    Thn apoch oti h Ellada den qa qesei beto sthn prowqhsh twn sxesewn Toyrkias - E.E. mono ean ikanopoihqoyn oi treis oroi poy exei qesei (h apofygh ths xrhshs h ths apeilhs xrhshs bias stis dimereis sxeseis, o sebasmos toy dieqnoys dikaioy kai twn dieqnwn kanonwn kai h ypobolh twn diaforwn sth diadikasia toy dieqnoys dikasthrioy) epanelabe o kybernhtikos ekproswpos Dhmhtrhs Reppas.

    O ypoyrgos Typoy dhlwse oti to kaqestws sthn perioxh einai safes kai dedomena enw se erwthsh sxetika me to endexomeno na doqei adeia se Toyrkoys "oikologoys" na episkefqoyn thn Imia eipe oti tetoio qema den yfistatai kai entassetai sta plaisia twn toyrkikwn texnasmatwn.

    [07] "MHN PAIZETE ME TH FWTIA", PROEIDOPOIEI O PAGKALOS THN AGKYRA

    "Mhn paizete me th fwtia", proeidopoihse o ypoyrgos Ejwterikwn Qeodwros Pagkalos, osoys flertaroyn me ton toyrkiko swbinismo, se synenteyjh toy poy dhmosieyetai shmera sth megalh rwsikh efhmerida " Prabnta". Ypogrammizontas parallhla oti epixeirhmata, paromoia me ayta poy epikaleitai h Toyrkia gia thn amfisbhthsh toy kaqestwtos twn nhsiwn kai twn braxonhsidwn toy Aigaioy, qa mporoysan na eixan odhghsei se G'Pagkosmio Polemo. Apantwntas se erwthsh gia tis ellhnotoyrkikes sxeseis,o k. Pagkalos, parathrhse oti h Toyrkia symperiferetai shmera me tropo poy epixeirei na apodeijei oti einai perifereiakh megalh dynamh, gia na prosqesei : "Oi toyrkoi, prospaqoyn na ypodeijoyn se alles geitonikes toys xwres, kaqws kai ston Kaykaso thn politikh toys. Anakoinwnontai epishmws qeseis sxetika me to oti sthn Kentrikh Asia zoyn toyrkikoi laoi kai hrqe h wra oi laoi aytoi na enwqoyn. Oson afora ta nhsia toy Aigaioy, oi toyrkoi arxisan na amfisbhtoyn to kaqestws toys. Ta epixeirhmata poy xrhsimopoioyn, einai teratwdh kai epikindyna gia thn asfaleia sthn Eyrwph. H Toyrkia anakoinwnei oti prin apo to B'Pagkosmio Polemo, otan htan adynamh xwra, anagkasthke na paraxwrhsei ta nhsia sthn Italia h opoia me th seira ths ta paraxwrhse sthn Ellada. Fantasteite ti mporei na symbei ston kosmo, ean to paradeigma ayto paroyn kai alles xwres, p.x. h Germania. Ean h Germania exei kapoies amfibolies tote oles oi oi metapolemikes synqhkes kai symfwnies poy ypegrace mporoyn na amfisbhthqoyn me to epixeirhma oti meta th lhjh toy polemoy htan adynamh xwra. Einai fanero oti tetoioy eidoys epixeirhmata, odhgoyn se Trito Pagkosmio Polemo".

    [08] OXI SE SYNQETH ONOMASIA TWN SKOPIWN APO 19 BOYLEYTES THS N.D.

    Dekaennea boyleytes ths Neas Dhmokratias antitiqentai sto endexomeno synqeths onomasias twn Skopiwn. Se koinh dhlwsh toys ypogrammizoyn:

    "Parakoloyqoyme me idiaiterh anhsyxia tis aparadektes energeies ths kybernhshs gia thn apodoxh synqeths onomasias toy kratoys twn Skopiwn, poy perilambanei to onoma "Makedonia".

    Pisteyoyme oti h onomasia "NEA MAKEDONIA", poy entona proballetai, oxi mono den qa lysei to problhma twn sxesewn twn dyo kratwn, alla, antiqeta, qa apotelesei afethria deinwn gia ton topo mas.

    Emmenontes sthn apofash twn Arxhgwn twn kommatwn, poy elhfqh to 1992 ypo thn proedria toy k.Kwnstantinoy Karamanlh, den dexomaste ypanaxwrhsh apo tis qeseis aytes oyte parekklish apo thn xaraxqeisa Eqnikh Grammh.

    Kaloyme ton Prwqypoyrgo na stamathsei thn diglwssia kai na jekaqarisei h kybernhsh thn qesh ths, prin apo opoiadhpote desmeysh.

    Telos, dhlwnoyme, gia allh mia fora, oti den dexomaste kamia synqeth onomasia poy na perilambanei to onoma "Makedonia" kai oti oxi mono qa katachfisoyme kaqe tetoia protash, alla qa agwnistoyme wste h xwra mas na apofygei to moiraio laqos."

    Thn dhlwsh ypografoyn oi boyleytes X.Byzobiths, N.Papafilippoy, E.Xaitidhs, P.Cwmiadhs, A.Krikelhs, Q.Sereths, L.Lymperakidhs, A.Sphliopoylos, X.Papaqanasioy, Q.Damianos, S.Kyriazopoylos , G.Kalantzhs, P.Kammenos, A.Dabakhs, B.Mixaloliakos, P.Melas, A.Xeimaras, A.Foysas kai P.Kwnstantinidhs.

    [09] EYAISQHTOPOIOYNTAI OI FOREIS GIA TIS ANASKAFES STO TOYRKMENISTAN

    Arxizoyn na eyaisqhtopoioyntai oi foreis gia tis anaskafes poy dienergei o omogenhs apo th Rwsia kaqhghths k Biktwr Sarigiannidhs sthn erhmo toy Toyrkmenistan, ystera apo arqro toy kaqhghth ths arxaiologias toy APQ k Giwrgoy Xoyrmoyziadh poy dhmosieythke sto periodiko "Ellhnikh DIASPORA" toy Makedonikoy Praktoreioy Eidhsewn.

    Hdh to dioikhtiko symboylio ths Ellhnikhs Biomhxanias Oxhmatwn kai o proedros toy k Xatzhpetroy ekfrazontas to endiaferon toys gia tis anaskafes aytes, poy qa anadeijoyn to ellhniko politistiko stoixeio poy afhse o Megas Alejandros sta merh poy perase, prosefere to poso twn pente ekatommyriwn draxmwn. Ejalloy opws dhlwse o k Xoyrmoyziadhs endiaferon exei deijei gia tis anaskafes sto Toyrkmenistan kai o genikos grammateas toy ypoyrgeioy politismoy k Qwmas. Shmeiwnetai oti o k Xoyrmoyziadhs prokeitai na synanthqei kai me ton ypoyrgo Makedonias-Qrakhs k Petsalniko gia na ton enhmerwsei gia tis anaskafes toy k Sarigiannidh.

    [10] ME LAMPROTHTA KAI PLHQOS EKDHLWSEWN O EORTASMOS THS 25hs MARTIOY STH QESSALONIKH

    Me lamprothta kai plhqos ekdhlwsewn, poy arxizoyn apo shmera qa eortastei h eqnikh epeteios ths 25hs Martioy, paroysia twn ypoyrgwn eswterikwn dhmosias dioikhshs kai apokentrwshs Akh Tsoxatzopoyloy kai dikaiosynhs Eyaggeloy Benizeloy.

    To meshmeri pragmatopoihqhke kataqesh stefanwn sta mnhmeia kai tis protomes hrwwn apo antiproswpeies maqhtwn. Parallhla gia prwth fora diorganwqhke shmera sth nomarxia eortastikh ekdhlwsh me th symmetoxh 50meloys maqhtikhs xorwdias kai twn yphresiwn ths nomarxiakhs aytodioikhshs paroysia toy nomarxh k K.Papadopoyloy.

    [11] Parallhles ekdhlwseis gia ton Paylo Mela kai apokalypthria agalmatos toy

    Sto plaisio twn ekdhlwsewn gia thn eqnikh epeteio qa timhqei kai h mnhmh toy makedonomaxoy Payloy Mela me panhgyrikh ekdhlwsh sthn aiqoysa toy Emporikoy kai Biomhxanikoy Epimelhthrioy poy qa pragmatopoihqei ayrio to brady. To programma ths ekdhlwshs perilambanei prosfwnhseis toy dhmarxoy K. Kosmopoyloy kai toy proedroy toy Moyseioy Makedonikoy Agwna D. Zanna, omilia toy filologoy N. D. Triantafyllopoyloy me qema "Agaphth moy Nata" kai aponomh timhtikhs plaketas apo ton dhmarxo sthn eggonh toy makedonomaxoy Natalia Mela

    Ta apokalypthria toy andrianta toy makedonomaxoy, ton opoio filotexnhse kai dwrise sto dhmo Qessalonikhs h eggonh toy Natalia Mela qa ginoyn thn Kyriakh stis 12 to meshmeri sthn plateia poy brisketai epi ths odoy Payloy Mela konta sth Lesxh Froyras Ajiwmatikwn. Sto programma perilambanontai xairetismoi apo toys kk Kosmopoylo kai Zanna, epimnhmosynh dehsh, omilia toy dhmosiografoy N. Mertzoy kai kataqesh stefanwn.


    [B] EJWTERIKES EIDHSEIS

    [12] SE ELEGXO APOSKEYWN YPEBLHQH H SYZYGOS TOY GENIKOY PROJENOY STHN KWNSTANTINOYPOLH PARA TH DIPLWMATIKH THS IDIOTHTA

    ''Anoikeio symperifora poy den armozei sthn eygeneia poy apaitoyn oi diplwmatikes sxeseis'' xarakthrizoyn ton elegxo ston opoio ypeblhqh apo tis arxes toy aerodromioy ths Polhs h syzygos toy Genikoy Projenoy sthn Kwnstantinoypolh Stayroy Lykidh, para to gegonos oti exei diplwmatikh idiothta.

    H Elena Lykidh tajideye apo thn Kwnstantinoypolh gia thn Aqhna me thn pthsh 322 ths Olympiakhs Aeroporias stis 9:30 to prwi. Oi arxes toy aerodromioy epemenan na kanoyn elegxo stis aposkeyes ths, para to oti toso h idia oso kai to proswpiko ths Olympiakhs Aeroporias bebaiwsan oti h k.Lykidh exei diplwmatikh idiothta.

    Oi toyrkikes arxes, wstoso, diereynoyn to ti akribws synebh sthn periptwsh ths ereynas stis aposkeyes ths k.Lykidh, enw tonizoyn oti h symperifora ayth einai asynhqisth sto aerodromio ths Kwnstantinoypolhs.

    [13] H LEYKWSIA XAIRETIZEI TIS DHLWSEIS TOY RWSOY YPOYRGOY AMYNAS

    H kypriakh kybernhsh mesw toy kybernhtikoy ths ekproswpoy, Giannakh Kasoylidh, xairetise tis dhlwseis toy Rwsoy Ypoyrgoy 'Amynas, Pabel Gkratsof, gia to Kypriako kai xarakthrise qetikh th stash ths Rwsias gia to zhthma.

    Apantwntas se erwthsh, o k. Kasoylidhs dhlwse pws h Rwsia ws monimo melos toy Symboylioy Asfaleias mporei na diadramatisei shmantiko rolo sthn enisxysh twn prospaqeiwn ths askhshs twn kalwn yphresiwn toy G.G. twn Hnwmenwn Eqnwn.

    O kybernhtikos ekproswpos dhlwse epishs pws h Leykwsia ektima thn politikh qesh kai prospaqeia ths Mosxas an kai opws tonise, den ejartatai apo thn ellhnokypriakh pleyra h ajiopoihsh twn rwsotoyrkikwn prwtoboyliwn.

    [14] STOIXEIA GIA TA BASANISTHRIA STIS FYLAKES TEKIRNTAG THS TOYRKIAS

    Antikeimeno metaptyxiakhs diatribhs apotelese to qema twn basanisthriwn stis fylakes Tekirntag (Raidestoy) ths Toyrkias. Symfwna me ta apotelesmata ths diatribhs poy ekponhse o giatros k Moyrat Paker oi 208 apo toys 246 fylakismenoys ypoblhqhkan se basanisthria. Pio analytika to 86% se aplo jylodarmo me groqies kai klwtsies, to 73% se "falagga", to 33% se hlektrosok, 28% se kremasma, to 22% se brejimo me kryo nero, to 4% se jylodarmo enwpion allwn kai to 27% se topoqethsh kaytwn aygwn katw apo tis masxales, maxairwmata kai topoqethsh alatioy h aixmhrwn antikeimenwn stis plhges klp.

    H diatribh basisthke sthn ereyna poy ekane o k. Peker kata th diarkeia ths ypoxrewtikhs qhteias toy stis fylakes toy Tekirntag kai se stoixeia poy sygkentrwqhkan gia logariasmo toy toyrkikoy idrymatos anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn. H diatribh toy k Peker yparxei sth biblioqhkh toy panepisthmioy Kwnstantinoypolhs.

    Opws dhmosieyei h efhmerida "Xoyrriet" to idryma anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn arxise thn ereyna gia tis epiptwseis twn basanisthriwn panw stoys anqrwpoys apo to 1991. Shmeiwnetai oti 472 atoma poy basanisthkan to 1994 kai 712 to 1995 dhlwsan ta paqhmata toys sto idryma anqrwpinwn dikaiwmatwn kai to 33% aytwn antimetwpisan metatraymatiko stres.

    [15] ANAXWREI SHMERA GIA THN AMERIKH O BOYLEYTHS THS N.D., SWTHRHS KOYBELAS

    Anaxwrei shmera gia thn Amerikh o boyleyths ths Neas Dhmokratias, Swthrhs Koybelas, gia na parastei stis eortastikes ekdhlwseis ths 25hs Martioy, ystera apo prosklhsh twn Organwsewn Omogenwn twn Hnwmenwn Politeiwn kai toy Kanada.

    O k. Koybelas qa episkeftei to Toronto, to San Frantzisko kai th Nea Yorkh, opoy kai qa pragmatopoihsei omilies, enw anamenetai na exei epafes me politikoys paragontes twn Hnwmenwn Politeiwn kai toy Kanada.

    [16] PANBALKANIKH ENWSH IDRYMATWN EREYNAS GIA TIS METAFORES IDRYOYN TO A.P.Q. KAI TO PANEPISTHMIO BELIGRADIOY

    Sth systash Panbalkanikhs Enwshs Idrymatwn Ereynas gia tis Metafores proxwroyn to Ergasthrio Sygkoinwniakhs Texnikhs toy Aristoteleioy Panepisthmioy Qessalonikhs kai to Institoyto Metaforwn kai Kykloforias toy Panepisthmioy toy Beligradioy, kanontas prajh sxetikh protash poy diatypwqhke sto plaisio toy 1oy Dieqnoys Synedrioy Syndyasmenwn Metaforwn kai Diametakomishs sth Notioanatolikh Eyrwph, oi ergasies toy opoioy oloklhrwqhkan to meshmeri sth Qessalonikh, me megalh epityxia.

    H ypografh toy katastatikoy, opws dieykrinise sto Makedoniko Praktoreio Eidhsewn o kaqhghths Sygkoinwniologias toy A.P.Q. kai proedros ths organwtikhs epitrophs toy Synedrioy, k.Gewrgios Anastasios Giannopoylos, qa pragmatopoihqei ton Maio sto Beligradi, opoy qa metabei trimelhs antiproswpeia toy Ergasthrioy Sygkoinwniakhs Texnikhs, apoteloymenh apo ton idio, thn anaplhrwtria kaqhghtria kai ton epikoyro kaqhghth toy Ergasthrioy, k.k.Magdalhnh Pitsiaba kai Aristeidh Naniopoylo.

    Melh ths Enwshs qa einai ereynhtika idrymata kai panepisthmiaka ergasthria toy xwroy twn metaforwn ths Notioanatolikhs Eyrwphs, kai sta sxedia twn idrytwn ths perilambanetai h stadiakh epektash ths kai se alloys epaggelmatikoys foreis.

    Se o,ti afora stis xwres poy qa metexoyn se aythn, exoyn ginei hdh epafes me toys armodioys foreis ths Albanias, ths Boylgarias kai ths Toyrkias, oi opoioi symfwna me ton k.Giannopoylo, einai qetika diakeimenoi na symmetasxoyn sthn Enwsh.

    Stoxos ths olhs prwtoboylias einai na ferei pio konta toys mexri shmera agnwstoys metajy toys Balkanioys sygkoinwniologoys, me apwtero skopo mia isxyrh kai eniaia paroysia toys sta tektainomena ston xwro twn metaforwn sta Balkania, kaqws malista problepetai na exei symboyleytiko xarakthra pros tis politikes hgesies twn balkanikwn xwrwn kai toys dieqneis organismoys.


    [G] EIDIKO PARARTHMA (toy Blash Blasidh)

    [17] H FILIKH ETAIREIA KAI H EPANASTASH TOY 1821

    Stis 14 Septembrioy toy 1814 idryqhke sto rwsiko limani ths Mayrhs Qalassas, thn Odhsso, h Filikh Etaireia. Oi idrytes ths htan o Aqanasios Tsakalwf, o Nikolaos Skoyfas kai o Emmanoyhl Janqos, atoma poy asxoloyntan me to emporio kai th biotexnia sth Rwsia.

    Symfwna me toys oramatismoys twn idrytwn ths h Filikh Etaireia eprokeito na apotelesei mia mystikh oligomelh organwsh epilektwn Ellhnwn. Oi alloeqneis apokleiontan apo tis tajeis ths.

    Ta prwta xronia h organwsh synanthse dyskolies sth stelexwsh ths kai ta melh ths den yperebainan ta trianta. Omws to 1818 oi Filikoi arxisan na episkeptontai tis ellhnikes koinothtes gia na kathxoyn nea melh me apotelesma na arxisoyn na ayjanontai ragdaia oi myhmenoi. To 1819 myhqhkan sth Filikh Etaireia oi perissoteroi prokritoi ths Peloponnhsoy kai twn nhsiwn toy Aigaioy kai arketoi oplarxhgoi. Ton epomeno xrono ta melh ths jepernoysan tis 3.000. Ayth h epityxhs poreia ths Filikhs Etaireias ofeiletai se megalo pososto sto gegonos, oti kalliergoysan thn idea pws h kinhsh toys yposthrizotan apo th Rwsia kai oti eixan thn eylogia toy Patriarxh.

    Oi Filikoi den htan oloi isoi. Yphrxe o hgetikos pyrhnas, h Anwtath Arxh opws onomazotan, tesseris politikes kai dyo stratiwtikes baqmides stis opoies entassontan ta melh ths Filikhs Etaireias. Sth xamhloterh baqmida htan oi blamhdes, dhladh oi agrammatoi kai oi aploi anqrwpoi. Sthn epomenh baqmida, toys systhmenoys, entassontan oi ypallhloi kai oi mikroemporoi, enw stis dyo epomenes baqmides, toys iereis kai toys poimenes, entassontan oi eykatastatoi kai oi morfwmenoi. Oi stratiwtikes baqmides htan ayth twn afierwmenwn kai ekeinh twn poimenwn.

    H Anwtath Arxh perilambane arxika toys idrytes ths organwshs. Sto diasthma 1815-1818 dieyrynqhke me thn eisodo se aythn toy Antwnioy Komizopoyloy, toy Nikolaoy Galath, toy Anqimoy Gazh, toy Aqanasioy Sekerh kai toy Panagiwth Anagnwstopoyloy.

    Oso omws aplwnotan h Filikh Etaireia toso perissotero eniwqan oi idrytes ths thn anagkh na anazhthsoyn enan arxhgo me panellhnia aktinobolia kai dieqnh anagnwrish. Etsi stis arxes toy 1820 oi Filikoi plhsiasan ton Iwannh Kapodistria, ypoyrgo ejwterikwn ths Rwsias kai toy prosferan thn hgesia ths Filikhs Etaireias. Otan ekeinos arnhqhke, prosferan thn arxhgia ston Alejandro Ychlanth poy eixe stadiodromhsei me epityxia ston rwsiko strato.

    Oi treis idrytes ths Filikhs Etaireias eixan ws stoxo na proetoimasoyn mia ejegersh poy qa eleyqerwne to Genos kai thn Patrida apo ton toyrkiko zygo. O Alejandros Ychlanths, otan anelabe th qesh toy "Genikoy Epitropoy ths Arxhs", jekinhse espeysmena tis ergasies gia thn proetoimasia ths epanastashs. Oi myhmenoi htan pleon xiliades, to "mystiko" kykloforoyse se olo ton elladiko kai balkaniko xwro kai stis paroikies me apotelesma na kidyneyei ana pasa stigmh na prodoqei stoys Toyrkoys.

    O Ychlanths, o opoios qaymaze ton Rhga Belestinlh kai tis idees toy, epidiwje th synergasia me toys alloys balkanikoys laoys. Apeyqynqhke stoys Serboys kai stoys Blaxoys alla oi prospaqeies toy den eyodwqhkan. Omws stis arxes toy 1821 yphrxan kalyteres proypoqeseis gia to jespasma ths ellhnikhs epanastashs sth boreia Balkanikh kai sygkekrimena stis Paradoynabies Hgemonies dioti dioikoyntan apo Fanariwtes Hgemones kai o toyrkikos stratos apagoreyotan na staqmeyei sthn perioxh. H epanastash jespase oysiastika stis 22 Febroyarioy toy 1821 otan o Ychlanths diebh ton Proyqo potamo kai eishlqe stis Paradoynabies Hgemonies.

    Apo ton Ianoyario toy 1821 eixe stalei sthn Peloponnhso o Grhgorios Dikaios h Papaflessas gia na jeshkwsei toys prokritoys kai toys iereis. Ton Martio h Peloponnhsos phre ta opla kai ton Ioynio efqase sthn Ellada o Dhmhtrios Ychlanths ws plhrejoysios toy adelfoy toy, prokeimenoy na analabei thn arxhgia toy Agwna, omws grhgora parameristhke apo toys ntopioys prokritoys kai oplarxhgoys. Htan pleon fanero oti to Genos mporoyse na diejagei ton Agwna toy kai xwris thn kaqodhghsh ths Filikhs Etaireias.

    H Filikh Etaireia den katorqwse na prowqhsei thn idea gia mia pambalkanikh ejegersh, dioti oi balkanikoi laoi eite briskontan akomh sta prwima stadia toy eqnikoy toys Diafwtismoy, eite oi stoxoi toys den taytizontan me ekeinoys twn Ellhnwn. Katorqwse omws na organwsei toys Ellhnes, na toys emfyshsei thn idea ths ejegershs kai telika na proetoimasei kai na ekdhlwsei thn epanastash toy Ellhnikoy Genoys, h opoia katelhje sth dhmioyrgia enos anejarthtoy ellhnikoy kratoys.

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